Results for 'method of cases'

998 found
Order:
  1. Does the Method of Cases Rest on a Mistake?Moti Mizrahi - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (2):183-197.
    In this paper, I argue that the method of cases (namely, the method of using intuitive judgments elicited by intuition pumps as evidence for and/or against philosophical theories) is not a reliable method of generating evidence for and/or against philosophical theories. In other words, the method of cases is unlikely to generate accurate judgments more often than not. This is so because, if perception and intuition are analogous in epistemically relevant respects, then using intuition (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  2. Morals, Metaphysics and the Method of Cases.Simon Beck - 2010 - South African Journal of Philosophy 29 (4):332-342.
    In this paper I discuss a set of problems concerning the method of cases as it is used in applied ethics and in the metaphysical debate about personal identity. These problems stem from research in social psychology concerning our access to the data with which the method operates. I argue that the issues facing ethics are more worrying than those facing metaphysics.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  36
    Why the Method of Cases Doesn’T Work.Christopher Suhler - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-23.
    In recent years, there has been increasing discussion of whether philosophy actually makes progress. This discussion has been prompted, in no small part, by the depth and persistence of disagreement among philosophers on virtually every major theoretical issue in the field. In this paper, I examine the role that the Method of Cases – the widespread philosophical method of testing and revising theories by comparing their verdicts against our intuitions in particular cases – plays in creating (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  76
    On Going Nowhere with Our Words: New Skepticism About the Philosophical Method of Cases.Avner Baz - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (1):64-83.
    The philosophical “method of cases” has been the subject of intense discussion. In a recent paper, Frank Jackson attempts to vindicate the method by proposing that it is underwritten by the “representational view of language.” Jackson's proposal is potentially very significant. For if it is true, then the method of cases stands, but quite possibly also falls, with the representational view of language as characterized by Jackson. The aim of this paper is to question the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  5. Recent Attempts to Defend the Philosophical Method of Cases and the Linguistic Turn.Avner Baz - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 92 (1):105-130.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  6.  10
    The Method of Cases in Context. [REVIEW]Alison Springle - 2019 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 27 (4):597-608.
    Volume 27, Issue 4, October 2019, Page 597-608.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7.  43
    Questioning the Method of Cases Fundamentally—Reply to Deutsch.Avner Baz - 2015 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 58 (7-8):895-907.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  8.  18
    A Case for the Method of Cases: Comments on Edouard Machery, Philosophy Within its Proper Bounds.Janet Levin - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (1):230-238.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  5
    A Direct Deduction of the Constant Process Used in the Method of Right and Wrong Cases.Godfrey H. Thomson - 1919 - Psychological Review 26 (6):454-464.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  14
    Steven Gimbel, Ed. Exploring the Scientific Method: Cases and Questions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011. Pp. Xvii+406, Index. $25.00. [REVIEW]Henry M. Cowles - 2012 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 2 (1):154-157.
  11. Steven Gimbel . Exploring the Scientific Method: Cases and Questions. Xvii + 406 Pp., Tables, Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2011. $25. [REVIEW]Brooke Abounader - 2012 - Isis 103 (2):432-433.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  76
    The Method of Contrast and the Perception of Causality in Audition.E. Di Bona - 2014 - In Fabio Bacchini at al (ed.), New Advances in Causation, Agency and Moral Responsibility. pp. 79-93.
    The method of contrast is used within philosophy of perception in order to demonstrate that a specific property could be part of our perception. The method is based on two passages. I argue that the method succeeds in its task only if the intuition of the difference, which constitutes the core of the first passage, has two specific traits. The second passage of the method consists in the evaluation of the available explanations of this difference. Among (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  42
    The Crisis of Method in Contemporary Analytic Philosophy. [REVIEW]Herman Cappelen & Max Emil Deutsch - 2018 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 1 (05).
    Review of Avner Baz's book on the methodology of philosophy.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  24
    The Principle-Based Method of Practical Ethics.Georg Spielthenner - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (3):275-289.
    This paper is about the methodology of doing practical ethics. There is a variety of methods employed in ethics. One of them is the principle-based approach, which has an established place in ethical reasoning. In everyday life, we often judge the rightness and wrongness of actions by their conformity to principles, and the appeal to principles plays a significant role in practical ethics, too. In this paper, I try to provide a better understanding of the nature of principle-based reasoning. To (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  54
    On the Limits of the Method of Phenomenal Contrast.Martina Fürst - 2017 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 3 (2):168-188.
    The method of phenomenal contrast aims to shed light on the phenomenal character of perceptual and cognitive experiences. Within the debate about cognitive phenomenology, phenomenal contrast arguments can be divided into two kinds. First, arguments based on actual cases that aim to provide the reader with a first-person experience of phenomenal contrast. Second, arguments that involve hypothetical cases and focus on the conceivability of contrast scenarios. Notably, in the light of these contrast cases, proponents and skeptics (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  53
    The Scope, Limits, and Distinctiveness of the Method of 'Deduction From the Phenomena': Some Lessons From Newton's 'Demonstrations' in Optics.J. Worrall - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):45-80.
    Having been neglected or maligned for most of this century, Newton's method of 'deduction from the phenomena' has recently attracted renewed attention and support. John Norton, for example, has argued that this method has been applied with notable success in a variety of cases in the history of physics and that this explains why the massive underdetermination of theory by evidence, seemingly entailed by hypothetico-deductive methods, is invisible to working physicists. This paper, through a detailed analysis of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  17.  16
    Functional Morphology in Paleobiology: Origins of the Method of ‘Paradigms’.Martin Rudwick - 2018 - Journal of the History of Biology 51 (1):135-178.
    From the early nineteenth century, the successful use of fossils in stratigraphy oriented paleontology towards geology. The consequent marginalising of biological objectives was countered in the twentieth century by the rise of ‘Paläobiologie’, first in the German cultural area and only later, as ‘paleobiology’, in the anglophone world. Several kinds of paleobiological research flourished internationally after the Second World War, among them the novel field of ‘paleoecology’. Within this field there were attempts to apply functional morphology to the problematical (...) of fossil organisms, for which functions cannot be observed directly. This article describes the origins of the kind of functional inference for fossils that I proposed in 1961 as the method of ‘paradigms’. Here I summarize some of my ‘worked exemplars’, which were intended to show the paradigm method in action. These case-studies were all taken from the paleontologically important phylum of the Brachiopoda, but the method was claimed to have much wider implications for the interpretation of the fossil record in terms of adaptive evolution. This article takes the history of the paradigm method as far as the late 1960s. I hope to trace, in a sequel, its ambivalent fate during the 1970s and beyond, when for example Gould’s critique of ‘the adaptationist programme’ and the rise of computer-based quantitative methods for the evolutionary interpretation of the fossil record led to the relative eclipse of functional morphology in paleontology. (shrink)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  74
    Gettier and the Method of Explication: A 60 Year Old Solution to a 50 Year Old Problem.Erik J. Olsson - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (1):57-72.
    I challenge a cornerstone of the Gettier debate: that a proposed analysis of the concept of knowledge is inadequate unless it entails that people don’t know in Gettier cases. I do so from the perspective of Carnap’s methodology of explication. It turns out that the Gettier problem per se is not a fatal problem for any account of knowledge, thus understood. It all depends on how the account fares regarding other putative counter examples and the further Carnapian desiderata of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  19. The Method of Verbal Dispute.Alan Sidelle - 2007 - Philosophical Topics 35 (1/2):83-113.
    The idea that disputes which are heated, and apparently important, may nonetheless be 'merely verbal' or 'just semantic' is surely no stranger to any philosopher. I urge that many disputes, both in and out of philosophy, are indeed plausibly considered verbal, and that it would repay us to more frequently consider whether they are so or not. Asking this question is what I call ‘The Method of Verbal Dispute’. Neither the notion nor the method of verbal dispute is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  20.  16
    The Trolley Method of Moral Philosophy.James O'Connor - 2012 - Essays in Philosophy 13 (1):14.
    The hypothetical scenarios generally known as trolley problems have become widespread in recent moral philosophy. They invariably require an agent to choose one of a strictly limited number of options, all of them bad. Although they don’t always involve trolleys / trams, and are used to make a wide variety of points, what makes it justified to speak of a distinctive “trolley method” is the characteristic assumption that the intuitive reactions that all these artificial situations elicit constitute an appropriate (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  21.  34
    The Method of In-Between in the Grotesque and the Works of Leif Lage.Henrik Lübker - 2012 - Continent 2 (3):170-181.
    “Artworks are not being but a process of becoming” —Theodor W. Adorno, Aesthetic Theory In the everyday use of the concept, saying that something is grotesque rarely implies anything other than saying that something is a bit outside of the normal structure of language or meaning – that something is a peculiarity. But in its historical use the concept has often had more far reaching connotations. In different phases of history the grotesque has manifested its forms as a means of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  8
    Law, War and Method in the Commentary on the Law of Prize by Hugo Grotius.Merio Scattola - 2007 - Grotiana 26 (1):79-103.
    The question whether both enemies in a war could claim the same right, was a fundamental topic in the early modern theory of war and Grotius treated it briefly in his On Law of Prize and Booty. The jurisprudence of the seventeenth century developed two explanations: the Scholastic tradition held that only one party could fight with right reason, whereas some authors of the humanistic tradition thought that in some cases it was impossible to solve this question. Grotius took (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Intuitions and Experiments: A Defense of the Case Method in Epistemology.Jennifer Nagel - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (3):495-527.
    Many epistemologists use intuitive responses to particular cases as evidence for their theories. Recently, experimental philosophers have challenged the evidential value of intuitions, suggesting that our responses to particular cases are unstable, inconsistent with the responses of the untrained, and swayed by factors such as ethnicity and gender. This paper presents evidence that neither gender nor ethnicity influence epistemic intuitions, and that the standard responses to Gettier cases and the like are widely shared. It argues that epistemic (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   71 citations  
  24.  56
    Getting Down to Cases: The Revival of Casuistry in Bioethics.John D. Arras - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (1):29-51.
    This article examines the emergence of casuistical case analysis as a methodological alternative to more theory-driven approaches in bioethics research and education. Focusing on The Abuse of Casuistry by A. Jonsen and S. Toulmin, the article articulates the most characteristic features of this modernday casuistry (e.g., the priority allotted to case interpretation and analogical reasoning over abstract theory, the resemblance of casuistry to common law traditions, the ‘open texture’ of its principles, etc.) and discusses some problems with casuistry as an (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   43 citations  
  25. The Crisis of Method in Contemporary Analytic Philosophy.Avner Baz - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    Avner Baz presents a critique of the working practices of analytic philosophy in recent decades. He challenges the assumptions on which the philosophical 'method of cases' rests, and he presents a pragmatist conception of language on which the method of cases as used both 'armchair' and 'experimental' philosophers is fundamentally misguided.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  26.  16
    Measuring Sensitivity to Conflicts of Interest: A Preliminary Test of Method.Rebecca Ann Lind & Tammy Swenson-Lepper - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):43-62.
    This study presents and develops test methods for assessing sensitivity to conflict of interest (COIsen). We are aware of no study assessing COIsen, but note that some popular methods for assessing ethical sensitivity and related constructs (which include COIsen) are flawed in that their presentation of stimulus material to subjects actually guides subjects to attend to ethical (or related) issues. The method tested here was designed to avoid this flaw. Using adaptations of two existing cases, a quota sample (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  6
    The Power of Case Study Method in Developing Academic Skills in Teaching Business English.E. F. Brattseva & P. Kovalev - 2015 - Liberal Arts in Russiaроссийский Гуманитарный Журналrossijskij Gumanitarnyj Žurnalrossijskij Gumanitaryj Zhurnalrossiiskii Gumanitarnyi Zhurnal 4 (3):234.
    This article is targeted at analyzing the advantages of using the case study method in the course of Business English at Scientific Research University - Higher School of Economics in Saint Petersburg. Cases offer a lot of opportunities for developing academic skills in reading, writing, listening and making presentations. Students get not only linguistic skills but also non-linguistic competences. Students are taught to work in teams, to analyze the data given in the task, to make decisions. Communicative and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  13
    Identification of a Non-Linear Model as a New Method to Detect Expiratory Airflow Limitation in Mechanically Ventilated Patients.S. Khirani, L. Biot, P. Lavagne, A. Duguet, T. Similowski & P. Baconnier - 2004 - Acta Biotheoretica 52 (4):241-254.
    Expiratory flow limitation (EFL) can occur in mechanically ventilated patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other disorders. It leads to dynamic hyperinflation with ensuing deleterious consequences. Detecting EFL is thus clinically relevant. Easily applicable methods however lack this detection being routinely made in intensive care. Using a simple mathematical model, we propose a new method to detect EFL that does not require any intervention or modification of the ongoing therapeutic. The model consists in a monoalveolar representation of the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  48
    The Ghost of Wittgenstein: Forms of Life, Scientific Method, and Cultural Critique.William T. Lynch - 2005 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (2):139-174.
    In developing an "internal" sociology of science, the sociology of scientific knowledge drew on Wittgenstein’s later philosophy to reinterpret traditional epistemological topics in sociological terms. By construing scientific reasoning as rule following within a collective, sociologists David Bloor and Harry Collins effectively blocked outside criticism of a scientific field, whether scientific, philosophical, or political. Ethnomethodologist Michael Lynch developed an alternative, Wittgensteinian reading that similarly blocked philosophical or political critique, while also disallowing analytical appeals to historical or institutional contexts. I criticize (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  12
    Machiavelli's Scientific Method: A Common Understanding of His Novelty in the Sixteenth Century.Gábor Almási - 2018 - History of European Ideas 44 (8):1019-1045.
    ABSTRACTThis paper argues that Machiavelli's method, his inductive and comparative use of history and experience for political analysis, and his fashioning of historical-political analysis as ‘science’, played an important and still unrecognised role in his reception in the sixteenth century. It makes the case that Machiavelli's inductive reasoning and stress on historia and experientia offered a model for scientific method that open-minded sixteenth-century scholars, eager to understand, organise and augment human knowledge, could fit to their own epistemology. By (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  84
    Casuistry and Principlism: The Convergence of Method in Biomedical Ethics. [REVIEW]Mark Kuczewski - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (6):509-524.
    Casuistry and principlism are two of the leading contenders to be considered the methodology of bioethics. These methods may be incommensurable since the former emphasizes the examination of cases while the latter focuses on moral principles. Conversely, since both analyze cases in terms of mid-level principles, there is hope that these methods may be reconcilable or complementary. I analyze the role of principles in each and thereby show that these theories are virtually identical when interpreted in a certain (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  32.  25
    A New Decision Method for Public Opinion Crisis with the Intervention of Risk Perception of the Public.Zhiying Wang, Xiaodi Liu & Shitao Zhang - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-14.
    Decision-making for selecting response plans problem has been widely concerning to scholars. However, most of the existing studies on this problem are focused on public emergencies, and little attention has been paid to the decision-makers’ urgent need for solving the SRPP in response to public opinion crisis that may lead to panic buying of materials derived from public emergencies. POC has obvious characteristics of group behaviors that directly resulted from panics and psychological appeals of the public. Therefore, for solving the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  34
    Case Method and Casuistry: The Problem of Bias.Loretta M. Kopelman - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1).
    Case methods of reasoning are persuasive, but we need to address problems of bias in order to use them to reach morally justifiable conclusions. A bias is an unwarranted inclination or a special perspective that disposes us to mistaken or one-sided judgments. The potential for bias arises at each stage of a case method of reasoning including in describing, framing, selecting and comparing of cases and paradigms. A problem of bias occurs because to identify the relevant features for (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  34.  20
    Evidence and Method: Scientific Strategies of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell.Peter Achinstein - 2013 - Oup Usa.
    In this book, Peter Achinstein proposes and defends several objective concepts of evidence. He then explores the question of whether a scientific method, such as that represented in the four "Rules for the Study of Natural Philosophy" that Isaac Newton invoked in proving his law of gravity, can be employed in demonstrating how the proposed definitions of evidence are to be applied to real scientific cases.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  35.  21
    Moral Deliberation and Nursing Ethics Cases: Elements of a Methodological Proposal.D. G. Schneider & F. R. S. Ramos - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (6):764-776.
    A qualitative study with an exploratory, descriptive and documentary design that was conducted with the objective of identifying the elements to constitute a method for the analysis of accusations of and proceedings for professional ethics infringements. The method is based on underlying elements identified inductively during analysis of professional ethics hearings judged by and filed in the archives of the Regional Nursing Board of Santa Catarina, Brazil, between 1999 and 2007. The strategies developed were based on the results (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  7
    Analysis of a Distribution of Point Events Using the Network-Based Quadrat Method.Shino Shiode - 2008 - Geographical Analysis 40 (4):380-400.
    This study proposes a new quadrat method that can be applied to the study of point distributions in a network space. While the conventional planar quadrat method remains one of the most fundamental spatial analytical methods on a two-dimensional plane, its quadrats are usually identified by regular, square grids. However, assuming that they are observed along a network, points in a single quadrat are not necessarily close to each other in terms of their network distance. Using planar quadrats (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  9
    Global Expressivism by the Method of Differences.Huw Price - 2019 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 86:133-154.
    In this piece I characterise global expressivism, as I understand it, by contrasting it with five other views: the so-called Canberra Plan; Moorean non-naturalism and platonism; ‘relaxed realism’ and quietism; local expressivism; and response-dependent realism. Some other familiar positions, including fictionalism, error theories, and idealism, are also mentioned, but as sub-cases to one of these five.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  68
    The Method of 'Principlism': A Critique of the Critique.B. Andrew Lustig - 1992 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (5):487-510.
    Several scholars have recently criticized the dominant emphasis upon mid-level principles in bioethics best exemplified by Beauchamp and Childress's Principles of Biomedical Ethics . In Part I of this essay, I assess the fairness and cogency of three broad criticisms raised against ‘principlism’ as an approach: (1) that principlism, as an exercise in applied ethics, is insufficiently attentive to the dialectical relations between ethical theory and moral practice; (2) that principlism fails to offer a systematic account of the principles of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  39.  8
    The Method of Antinomies: Oakeshott and Others.Stephen Turner - 2018 - Cosmos and Taxis 6 (1-2):54-63.
    Michael Oakeshott employed a device of argument and analysis that appears in a number of other thinkers, where it is given the name “antinomies.” These differ from binary oppositions or contradictories in that the two poles are bound together. In this discussion, the nature of this binding is explored in detail, in large part in relation to Oakeshott’s own usages, such as his discussion of the relation of faith and skepticism, between collective goal-oriented associations and those based on contract, and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  37
    Review of Samuel Scolnicov, Plato’s Method of Hypothesis in the Middle Dialogues, Edited by Harold Tarrant.Evan Rodriguez - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (3):549-550.
    This volume, a lightly-edited version of Professor Samuel Scolnicov’s 1974 Ph.D. thesis, is a fitting tribute to his impressive career. It will perhaps be most useful for those interested in better understanding Scolnicov’s work and his views on Plato as a whole, not least for the comprehensive list of his publications that requires a full twelve pages of print. Scholars with an interest in Plato’s method of hypothesis will also find some useful remarks on key passages in the Meno, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  12
    A Protocol for Consultation of Another Physician in Cases of Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide.Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen & Gerrit van der Wal - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (5):331-337.
    Objective—Consultation of another physician is an important method of review of the practice of euthanasia. For the project “support and consultation in euthanasia in Amsterdam” which is aimed at professionalising consultation, a protocol for consultation was developed to support the general practitioners who were going to work as consultants and to ensure uniformity. Participants—Ten experts (including general practitioners who were experienced in euthanasia and consultation, a psychiatrist, a social geriatrician, a professor in health law and a public prosecutor) and (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  42.  61
    Flowing Within the Text: A Discussion on He Lin’s Explanation of Zhu Xi’s Method of Intuition.Xianglong Zhang - 2005 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (1):60-65.
    The author examines He Lin's interpretation of Zhu Xi's method of intuition from a phenomenological-hermeneutical perspective and by exposing Zhu's philosophical presuppositions. In contrast with Lu Xiangshan's intuitive method, Zhu Xi's method of reading classics advocates "emptying your heart and flowing with the text" and, in this spirit, explains the celebrated "exhaustive investigation on the principles of things (ge wu qiong li)." "Text," according to Zhu, is therefore not an object in ordinary sense but a "contextual region" (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  70
    Review of Edouard Machery, Philosophy Within Its Proper Bounds. [REVIEW]Margot Strohminger - 2018 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 8.
  44. Science and the Synthetic Method of the Critique of Pure Reason.Melissa McBay Merritt - 2006 - Review of Metaphysics 59 (3):517-539.
    Kant maintains that his Critique of Pure Reason follows a “synthetic method” which he distinguishes from the analytic method of the Prolegomena by saying that the Critique “rests on no other science” and “takes nothing as given except reason itself”. The paper presents an account of the synthetic method of the Critique, showing how it is related to Kant’s conception of the Critique as the “science of an a priori judging reason”. Moreover, the author suggests, understanding its (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  45.  92
    Review: Descartes's Method of Doubt. [REVIEW]Gary Hatfield - 2006 - Mind 115 (458):394-399.
    Review of _Descartes’s Method of Doubt_, by Janet Broughton. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2002. Pp. xv + 217. H/b £22.95, P/b £10.95. The review characterizes Broughton's book on Cartesian doubt as a work that attends to the philosophical significance of Descartes's work while taking seriously his own aims and the historical context of his arguments. The review considers her extensive examination of the method of doubt and her notion of "dependence arguments" as a way of overcoming (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  8
    The Rocky Road of Growing Into Contemporary Citizenship: Dewey, Gramsci, and the Method of Democracy.Katariina Holma & Tiina Kontinen - 2016 - Studier i Pædagogisk Filosofi 4 (2):24-37.
    Characterized by globalization, increasing pluralism, and new complexities of citizenship, the contemporary world sets challenges to the ways in which we conceptualize the processes of searching for shared solutions to ever-complicated societal problems. Whilst the political rhetoric emphasizes citizen participation, engagement, and “voice”, there are increasing feelings of frustration, incompetence, and disinterest regarding political engagement. In order to conceptually grasp the problematic of searching for shared solutions and the related challenges to education, we draw on John Dewey’s idea of the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  89
    The Formation of Kant's Casuistry and Method Problems of Applied Ethics.Soo Bae Kim - 2009 - Kant-Studien 100 (3):332-345.
    This paper examines the methodological problem of casuistry by reference to Immanuel Kant's position on it. He addressed “Casuistical Questions” in his last work on ethics, Metaphysik der Sitten, in order to defend his position against attacks from scholars defending an Aristotelian eudemonistic viewpoint. It is argued that Kantian casuistry has much in common with the Aristotelian idea of emphasizing the moral objectives and sensibility of an agent in concrete circumstances. Nevertheless, Kant did not entirely adopt the case-oriented ethical perspective (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48. Naming and Contingency: The Type Method of Biological Taxonomy.Joeri Witteveen - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (4):569-586.
    Biological taxonomists rely on the so-called ‘type method’ to regulate taxonomic nomenclature. For each newfound taxon, they lay down a ‘type specimen’ that carries with it the name of the taxon it belongs to. Even if a taxon’s circumscription is unknown and/or subject to change, it remains a necessary truth that the taxon’s type specimen falls within its boundaries. Philosophers have noted some time ago that this naming practice is in line with the causal theory of reference and its (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  49. Psychoanalysis Comparable and Incomparable: The Evolution of a Method to Describe and Compare Psychoanalytic Approaches.David Tuckett - 2008 - Routledge.
    How do we know when what is happening between two people should be called psychoanalysis? What is a psychoanalytic process and how do we know when one is taking place? _Psychoanalysis Comparable and Incomparable_ describes the rationale and ongoing development of a six year programme of highly original meetings conducted by the European Psychoanalytic Federation Working Party on Comparative Clinical Methods. The project comprises over seventy cases discussed by more than five hundred experienced psychoanalysts over the course of sixty (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  46
    Metaphysics, Method, and the Mouth: Philosophical Lessons of Speech Perception.J. D. Trout - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (3):261-291.
    This paper advances a novel argument that speech perception is a complex system best understood nonindividualistically and therefore that individualism fails as a general philosophical program for understanding cognition. The argument proceeds in four steps. First, I describe a "replaceability strategy", commonly deployed by individualists, in which one imagines replacing an object with an appropriate surrogate. This strategy conveys the appearance that relata can be substituted without changing the laws that hold within the domain. Second, I advance a "counterfactual test" (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 998