Results for 'moral sensitivity'

975 found
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  1.  12
    Going ballistic: The dynamics of the imagination and the issue of intentionalism.Felipe Morales Carbonell - 2024 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 5.
    Do we have control over the content of our imaginings? More precisely: do we have control over what our imaginings are about? Intentionalists say yes. Until recently, intentionalism could be taken as the received view. Recently, authors like Munro & Strohminger (2021) have developed some arguments against it. Here, I tentatively join their ranks and develop a new way to think about the way in which imaginings develop their contents that also goes against intentionalism. My proposal makes use of what (...)
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  2.  4
    Sensitive loss: Improving accuracy and fairness of face representations with discrimination-aware deep learning.Ignacio Serna, Aythami Morales, Julian Fierrez & Nick Obradovich - 2022 - Artificial Intelligence 305 (C):103682.
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  3.  34
    Understanding Attributions: Problems, Options, and a Proposal.Felipe Morales Carbonell - 2021 - Theoria 88 (3):558-583.
    In this paper, I give an overview of different models of understanding attribution and advance a contextualist account of understanding attribution. Whereas other contextualist accounts make the degree in which the epistemic states of the relevant agents satisfy certain invariant conditions context-sensitive, the proposed account makes the conditions themselves context-sensitive.
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  4.  7
    (In)Sensitivity to Accuracy? Children’s and Adults’ Decisions About Who to Trust: The Teacher or the Internet.Silvia Guerrero, Carla Sebastián-Enesco, Irene Morales, Elena Varea & Ileana Enesco - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  5.  62
    The relationship of ethics education to moral sensitivity and moral reasoning skills of nursing students.Mihyun Park, Diane Kjervik, Jamie Crandell & Marilyn H. Oermann - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (4):568-580.
    This study described the relationships between academic class and student moral sensitivity and reasoning and between curriculum design components for ethics education and student moral sensitivity and reasoning. The data were collected from freshman (n = 506) and senior students (n = 440) in eight baccalaureate nursing programs in South Korea by survey; the survey consisted of the Korean Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire and the Korean Defining Issues Test. The results showed that moral (...) scores in patient-oriented care and conflict were higher in senior students than in freshman students. Furthermore, more hours of ethics content were associated with higher principled thinking scores of senior students. Nursing education in South Korea may have an impact on developing student moral sensitivity. Planned ethics content in nursing curricula is necessary to improve moral sensitivity and moral reasoning of students. (shrink)
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  6.  53
    The metaperceptual function: Exploring dissociations between confidence and task performance with type 2 psychometric curves.Brian Maniscalco, Olenka Graham Castaneda, Brian Odegaard, Jorge Morales, Sivananda Rajananda & Megan Peters - manuscript
    Confidence can dissociate from perceptual accuracy, suggesting distinct computational and neural processes underlie these psychological functions. Recent investigations have therefore sought to experimentally isolate metacognitive processes by creating conditions where perceptual sensitivity is matched but confidence differs (“matched-performance / different-confidence”; MPDC). Despite these endeavors’ success, much remains unknown about MPDC effects and how to best harness them in experimental settings. Here we developed a principled approach to comprehensively characterizing MPDC effects through analyzing metaperceptual (i.e., type 2 psychometric) functions relating (...)
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  7.  69
    Moral sensitivity, moral distress, and moral courage among baccalaureate Filipino nursing students.Rowena L. Escolar-Chua - 2018 - Nursing Ethics 25 (4):458-469.
    Background:Moral distress, moral sensitivity, and moral courage among healthcare professionals have been explored considerably in recent years. However, there is a paucity of studies exploring these topics among baccalaureate nursing students.Aim/objective:The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between and among moral distress, moral sensitivity, and moral courage of undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students.Research design:The research employed a descriptive-correlational design to explore the relationships between and among moral distress, moral (...)
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  8.  31
    Moral Sensitivity Practice in Academic Deanship: Does it really matter?Maria Rosario G. Catacutan & Allan de Guzman - 2016 - In Ismail Hussein Amzat & Byabazaire Yusuf (eds.), Fast Forwarding Higher Education Institutions for Global Challenges. Springer. pp. 173-184.
    The chapter reports on the findings of a grounded theory study on the moral sensitivity practice of Filipino college deans. It centers on the exposition of a conceptual model which expands the construct of moral sensitivity beyond the initial stage of moral problem recognition and depicts three processes of knowing facts, understanding people, and understanding oneself as fundamental processes to moral sensitivity. A set of seven distinct practices were also identified as subcomponents of (...)
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  9.  72
    Moral sensitivity revisited.Marjolein Ingeborg Kraaijeveld, Jbam Schilderman & Evert van Leeuwen - 2021 - Nursing Ethics 28 (2):179-189.
    Nurses find themselves in a unique position - between patient and physicians, and in close proximity to the patient. Moral sensitivity can help nurses to cope with the daily turmoil of demands and opinions while delivering care in concordance with the value system of the patient. This article aims to reconsider the concept of moral sensitivity by discussing the function of emotions in morality. We turn to the ideas of historic and contemporary authors on the function (...)
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  10.  36
    The importance of moral sensitivity when including persons with dementia in qualitative research.Anne Kari T. Heggestad, Per Nortvedt & Åshild Slettebø - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (1):0969733012455564.
    The aim of this article is to show the importance of moral sensitivity when including persons with dementia in research. The article presents and discusses ethical challenges encountered when a total of 15 persons with dementia from two nursing homes and seven proxies were included in a qualitative study. The examples show that the ethical challenges may be unpredictable. As researchers, you participate with the informants in their daily life and in the interviews, and it is not possible (...)
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  11.  42
    Moral sensitivity and moral distress in Iranian critical care nurses.Fariba Borhani, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Elham Mohamadi, Erfan Ghasemi & Mohammad Javad Hoseinabad-Farahani - 2017 - Nursing Ethics 24 (4):474-482.
  12.  66
    Nurses' Moral Sensitivity and Hospital Ethical Climate: a Literature Review.Jessica Schluter, Sarah Winch, Kerri Holzhauser & Amanda Henderson - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (3):304-321.
    Increased technological and pharmacological interventions in patient care when patient outcomes are uncertain have been linked to the escalation in moral and ethical dilemmas experienced by health care providers in acute care settings. Health care research has shown that facilities that are able to attract and retain nursing staff in a competitive environment and provide high quality care have the capacity for nurses to process and resolve moral and ethical dilemmas. This article reports on the findings of a (...)
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  13.  95
    Developing the Concept of Moral Sensitivity in Health Care Practice.Kim Lützén, Vera Dahlqvist, Sture Eriksson & Astrid Norberg - 2006 - Nursing Ethics 13 (2):187-196.
    The aim of this Swedish study was to develop the concept of moral sensitivity in health care practice. This process began with an overview of relevant theories and perspectives on ethics with a focus on moral sensitivity and related concepts, in order to generate a theoretical framework. The second step was to construct a questionnaire based on this framework by generating a list of items from the theoretical framework. Nine items were finally selected as most appropriate (...)
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  14.  15
    Moral sensitivity and academic ethical awareness of nursing and medical students: A cross-sectional survey.Yuet Kiu Ko, Cordelia Cho, Sihan Sun, Olivia M. Y. Ngan & Helen Y. L. Chan - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics.
    Background Moral sensitivity and academic integrity discernment hold paramount importance for healthcare professionals. Owing to distinct undergraduate educational backgrounds, nurses and physicians may exhibit divergent moral perspectives, academic integrity cognisance, and moral sensitivity within clinical environments. A limited number of studies have investigated the disparities and congruencies pertaining to moral sensitivity and academic ethical awareness among nursing and medical students. Objective The study compares moral sensitivity and academic ethical awareness of undergraduate (...)
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  15.  18
    Moral sensitivity and moral distress correlation in nurses caring of patients with spinal cord injury.Naser Sedghi Goyaghaj, Amir Zoka & Mohaddeseh Mohsenpour - 2022 - Clinical Ethics 17 (1):51-56.
    Background and aim Ethical sensitivity of nurses often plays an important role in their occupational commitment and moral decision-making. In some working conditions, nurses are affected by ethical distress and fail to pursue correct ethical actions despite having knowledge and a tendency for moral practice. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the correlation between sensitivity and ethical distress in the nurses of patients with spinal cord injuries. Materials and methods This descriptive-analytical study was performed on (...)
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  16.  54
    Relationship between nurses’ moral sensitivity and the quality of care.Elham Amiri, Hossein Ebrahimi, Maryam Vahidi, Mohamad Asghari Jafarabadi & Hossein Namdar Areshtanab - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (4):1265-1273.
    Background:To provide care with high quality, nurses face a number of moral issues requiring them to have moral abilities in professional performance. Moral sensitivity is the first step in moral performance. However, its relation to the quality of care patients receive is controversial.Research objective:This study aims to determine the relationship between the moral sensitivity of nurses and the quality of care received by patients in the medical wards.Research design:A descriptive correlational study using validated (...)
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  17.  41
    Moral Sensitivity: some differences between nurses and physicians.Kim Lützén, Agneta Johansson & Gun Nordström - 2000 - Nursing Ethics 7 (6):520-530.
    We report the results of an investigation of nurses’ and physicians’ sensitivity to ethical dimensions of clinical practice. The sample consisted of 113 physicians working in general medical settings, 665 psychiatrists, 150 nurses working in general medical settings, and 145 nurses working in psychiatry. The instrument used was the Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire (MSQ), a self-reporting Likert-type questionnaire consisting of 30 assumptions related to moral sensitivity in health care practice. Each of these assumptions was categorized into (...)
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  18.  48
    Moral sensitivity: The central question of moral education.Roger Marples - 2022 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 56 (2):342-355.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, Volume 56, Issue 2, Page 342-355, April 2022.
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  19.  82
    Moral Sensitivity in Psychiatric Practice.Kim Lützén, Mats Evertzon & Conny Nordin - 1997 - Nursing Ethics 4 (6):472-482.
    This study reports the results of a study of Swedish psychiatrists’ responses to moral statements related to decision making in the psychiatric context. Use was made of the Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire, a modified instrument previously constructed from a theory of moral sensitivity. This Likert-type scale contains 30 items constructed from the following categories: interpersonal orientation, structuring moral meaning, benevolence, modifying autonomy, experiencing moral conflict, and trust in medical knowledge and principles of care. The (...)
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  20.  5
    The development of moral sensitivity of nursing students: A scoping review.Ankana Spekkink & Gaby Jacobs - 2021 - Nursing Ethics 28 (5):791-808.
    Moral sensitivity is known to be the starting point for moral competence and even is a core concept in the curricula for bachelor’s-level nursing students in the Netherlands. While the development of moral sensitivity in nursing is commonly agreed to be important, there is no clear understanding of how to develop moral sensitivity through nursing education and what components of nursing education contribute to moral sensitivity. Studies on educational interventions could build (...)
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  21.  29
    Moral sensitivity and the limits of artificial moral agents.Joris Graff - 2024 - Ethics and Information Technology 26 (1):1-12.
    Machine ethics is the field that strives to develop ‘artificial moral agents’ (AMAs), artificial systems that can autonomously make moral decisions. Some authors have questioned the feasibility of machine ethics, by questioning whether artificial systems can possess moral competence, or the capacity to reach morally right decisions in various situations. This paper explores this question by drawing on the work of several moral philosophers (McDowell, Wiggins, Hampshire, and Nussbaum) who have characterised moral competence in a (...)
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  22.  14
    Moral sensitivity, moral distress and moral functioning.Allen Alvarez & May Thorseth - 2023 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1:1-5.
    For this open issue of the _Etikk i Praksis: Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics_, we put together a broad mix of different articles tackling current important issues in the field.
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  23.  9
    Moral sensitivity and its contribution to the resolution of socio‐scientific issues.Troy Sadler - 2004 - Journal of Moral Education 33 (3):339-358.
    This study explores models of how people perceive moral aspects of socio‐scientific issues. Thirty college students participated in interviews during which they discussed their reactions to and resolutions of two genetic engineering issues. The interview data were analyzed qualitatively to produce an emergent taxonomy of moral concerns recognized by the participant. The participants expressed sensitivity to moral aspects including concern and empathy for the well‐being of others, an aversion to altering the natural order and slippery slope (...)
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  24.  73
    Gender Differences in Moral Sensitivity: A Meta-Analysis.Yukiko di YouMaeda & Muriel J. Bebeau - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (4):263 - 282.
    This meta-analysis synthesizes quantitative findings of the gender differences in moral sensitivity retrieved from 19 primary studies. We found the average effect size of 0.25, favoring women, with a standard deviation of 0.14. The variation in the observed effect sizes could not be attributed to differences in participants' educational level, the utilized measure of moral sensitivity, or the publication format in which the study was reported. This suggests that gender differences in moral sensitivity are (...)
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  25.  36
    Moral Sensitivity as a Precondition of Moral Distress.Markus Christen & Johannes Katsarov - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):19-21.
  26.  52
    Considering moral sensitivity in media ethics courses and research: An essay review by Robert F. Potter.Robert F. Potter - 1997 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (1):51-57.
    (1997). Considering moral sensitivity in media ethics courses and research: An essay review by Robert F. Potter. Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 51-57. doi: 10.1207/s15327728jmme1201_4.
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  27.  11
    Developing Moral Sensitivity.Deborah Mower, Wade L. Robison & Phyllis Vandenberg (eds.) - 2015 - New York: Routledge.
    Moral sensitivity affects whether and how we see others, note moral concerns, respond with delicacy, and navigate complex social interactions. Scholars from a variety of fields explore the concept of moral sensitivity and how it develops, beginning with a natural moral capacity for sensitivity towards others that is shaped in a variety of ways through relationships, forms of teaching, and social institutions. Each of these influences alters the capacity as well as one’s responses (...)
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  28.  50
    Moral sensitivity in psychiatric pratice.Kim Lützén, Mats Evertzon & Conny Nordin - 1997 - Nursing Ethics 4 (6):472-482.
    This study reports the results of a study of Swedish psychiatrists’ responses to moral statements related to decision making in the psychiatric context. Use was made of the Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire, a modified instrument previously constructed from a theory of moral sensitivity. This Likert-type scale contains 30 items constructed from the following categories: interpersonal orientation, structuring moral meaning, benevolence, modifying autonomy, experiencing moral conflict, and trust in medical knowledge and principles of care. The (...)
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  29.  16
    Moral sensitivity and the free will defence.Vincent Brümmer - 1987 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 29 (1-3):86-100.
  30.  68
    Moral Sensitivity.John Kekes - 1984 - Philosophy 59 (227):3 - 19.
    Most contemporary philosophers accept Kant's view1 that the central question of morality is what ought I to do. This gives choice a pivotal role, for choice is what one faces when the question has to be answered. Since what is chosen is an action, this view of morality—I shall call it the current view —is action-orientated. And since actions are directed towards people, the current view stresses altruism and universalizability. Morality is thus supposed to be activist and social. It is (...)
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  31. A Kantian approach to education for moral sensitivity.Paul Formosa - 2022 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (6):1017-1028.
    An important aspect of moral expertise is moral sensitivity, which is the ability to be sensitive to the presence of morally salient features in a context. This requires being able to see and acquire the morally relevant information, as well as organise and interpret it, so that you can undertake the related work of moral judgement, focus (or motivation) and action. As a distinct but interrelated component of ethical expertise, moral sensitivity can and must (...)
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  32.  14
    Critical care nurses’ moral sensitivity during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Qualitative perspectives.Nader Aghakhani, Hossein Habibzadeh & Farshad Mohammadi - 2022 - Nursing Ethics 29 (4):938-951.
    Background Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is one of the areas in which moral issues are of great significance, especially with respect to the nursing profession, because CPR requires quick decision-making and prompt action and is associated with special complications due to the patients’ unconsciousness. In such circumstances, nurses’ ability in terms of moral sensitivity can be determinative in the success of the procedure. Identifying the components of moral sensitivity in nurses in this context can promote (...) awareness and improve moral performance. Objective This study was conducted to explore and identify the experiences of critical care nurses about moral sensitivity components in CPR. Research design and methods This study was implemented with a qualitative approach. Data were collected via 22 in-depth semi-structured interviews held with 20 eligible participants with maximum variation. The data were then analyzed using the grounded theory approach. Participants and research context In total, thirteen clinical nurses, three head nurses, two educational supervisors, and two faculty members from different universities of Iran were interviewed. Ethical considerations This study was conducted with the ethical approval (IR.UMSU.REC.1399.337) of the Ethics Committee of Urmia University of Medical Sciences. Findings Four themes and 12 sub-themes were extracted from the analysis of the data, including “Consciously and compassionate attention to resuscitate the patient,” “Awareness of families’ anxiety,” “Understanding the teamwork and interactive guidance of the CPR process,” and “Compulsory violation of moral principles.” Discussion It is anticipated that this discussion will prompt further debate, raise awareness and help clarify the dimensions of moral sensitivity in unconscious patients especially during CPR, so that it can be more clearly named and defended as a moral authority in CPR. Conclusion identifying the components of moral sensitivity in nurses, facilitates their encounter with moral issues and can improve their moral performance and encourage right decisions. (shrink)
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  33.  53
    Moral sensitivity and the Evolution of higher mind.David Loye - 1990 - World Futures 30 (1):41-52.
  34.  13
    Sociodemographic characteristics, moral sensitivity, and moral distress as predictors of nurses’ ageism toward older adults.Parvaneh Vasli, Erfan Pourshahri, Kosar Pourhasan & Nasim Khajavian - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior.
    The present study aimed to reflect on the predictive role of socio-demographic characteristics (SDCs), moral sensitivity (MS) and moral distress (MD) in nurses’ ageism toward older adults. A total of 145 nurses were recruited to complete the main research instruments, i.e. a Sociodemographic Information Form, the Tool for Evaluating Ageism in Nursing Care of Older People, the Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire and the Moral Distress Scale. The results of the study confirmed that gender and MS (...)
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  35.  83
    The Developmental Neuroscience of Moral Sensitivity.Jean Decety, Kalina J. Michalska & Katherine D. Kinzler - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):305-307.
    Though traditional accounts of moral development focus on the development of rational and deliberate thinking, recent work in developmental affective neuroscience suggests that moral cognition is tightly related to affective and emotional processing. Functional magnetic resonance imaging studies show age-related changes in response to empathy-eliciting stimuli, with a gradual shift from the monitoring of somatovisceral responses in young children mediated by the amygdala, insula and medial aspect of the orbitofrontal cortex, to the executive control and evaluation of emotion (...)
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  36. Nurses' moral sensitivity and hospital ethical climate.J. Schulter, S. Winch, K. Holzhauser & A. Henderson - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (3):304-321.
     
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  37. « La Morale Sensitive » Dans L’essai Sur L’origine Des Langues De Rousseau Et Ses Sources.John Scott - 2006 - Etudes Jean-Jacques Rousseau 16.
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  38.  44
    See no evil: moral sensitivity in the formulation of business problems.Lars Jacob Tynes Pedersen - 2009 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 18 (4):335-348.
    This paper explores moral sensitivity in a learning perspective, and a framework is developed for the understanding of how moral sensitivity can be developed through reiterative problem solving in the face of diverse ethical problems. Factors that may inhibit the individual's ability to conceive of moral issues are discussed, and perspectives from moral psychology are integrated with theory on problem formulation. It is argued that (1) the individual's moral sensitivity is pivotal for (...)
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  39. La morale sensitive.de Jean-Jacques Rousseau - 1993 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 43:343.
  40.  24
    Moral sensitivity: Some differences among nurses and physicians. Nursing Ethics.K. Lützén, A. Johansson & Gun Nordström - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics. 2000; 7 (6): 520-530.
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  41. La morale sensitive de Jean-Jacques Rousseau.Timothy O'hagan - 1993 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 125 (4):343-357.
     
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  42.  4
    Measuring moral sensitivity in accounting research.Eric Gooden - 2009 - Ethics 6 (4):315-336.
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  43. Measuring moral sensitivity in accounting research.Eric Gooden - 2011 - In Jeremy S. Duncan (ed.), Perspectives on ethics. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
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  44.  57
    Ethical problems and moral sensitivity in physiotherapy.Kati Kulju, Riitta Suhonen & Helena Leino-Kilpi - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (5):568-577.
    This study identified and described ethical problems encountered by physiotherapists in their practice and physiotherapists’ moral sensitivity in ethical situations. A questionnaire-based survey was constructed to identify ethical problems, and the Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire Revised version was used to measure moral sensitivity. Physiotherapists (n = 116) working in public health services responded to the questionnaire. Based on the results, most of the physiotherapists encounter ethical problems weekly. They concern mainly financial considerations, equality and justice, (...)
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  45.  15
    Compassion fatigue and moral sensitivity in midwives in COVID-19.Reyhan Aydin Dogan, Sebahat Huseyinoglu & Saadet Yazici - 2023 - Nursing Ethics 30 (6):776-788.
    BackgroundThe Covid-19 pandemic has impacted compassion fatigue and the mental health of health care providers, particularly midwives and nurses. Although there are studies involving health workers...
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  46.  34
    Effects of ethics education on moral sensitivity of nursing students.Hye-A. Yeom, Sung-Hee Ahn & Su-Jeong Kim - 2017 - Nursing Ethics 24 (6):644-652.
    Background:While nursing ethics education is commonly provided for undergraduate nursing students in most nursing colleges, consensus on the content and teaching modules for these ethics courses have still not been established.Objectives:This study aimed to examine the effects of nursing ethics education on the moral sensitivity and critical thinking disposition of nursing students in Korea.Research design:A one-group pre- and post-test design was used. Moral sensitivity was measured using the Korean version of the Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire. (...)
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  47.  33
    A latent profile analysis of nurses’ moral sensitivity.Na Zhang, Jingjing Li, Zhen Xu & Zhenxing Gong - 2020 - Nursing Ethics 27 (3):855-867.
    Background: The three-dimensional model of nurses’ moral sensitivity has typically been studied using a variable-centered rather than a person-centered approach, preventing a more complete understanding of how these forms of moral sensitivity are expressed as a whole. Latent profile analysis is a person-centered approach that classifies individuals from a heterogeneous population into homogeneous subgroups, helping identify how different subpopulations of nurses use distinct combinations of different moral sensitivities to affect their service behaviors. Objective: Latent profile (...)
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  48.  57
    The development of a brief and objective method for evaluating moral sensitivity and reasoning in medical students.Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Ichiro Kai, Tadashi Nishimura & Akiko Yamagishi - 2004 - BMC Medical Ethics 5 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundMost medical schools in Japan have incorporated mandatory courses on medical ethics. To this date, however, there is no established means of evaluating medical ethics education in Japan. This study looks 1) To develop a brief, objective method of evaluation for moral sensitivity and reasoning; 2) To conduct a test battery for the PIT and the DIT on medical students who are either currently in school or who have recently graduated (residents); 3) To investigate changes in moral (...)
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  49.  56
    Moral Sensitivity and Desire Attachment: In What Sense are they Constituents of One’s Rational Profile? [REVIEW]Aristophanes Koutoungos - 2008 - Acta Analytica 23 (2):125-145.
    A quantitative interpretation is given of the (in)coherence that moral agents experience as a tension between their ordered moral judgments over n physically incompatible actions, and the competitive ordering of motivating intensities (or, desires). Then a model describing one’s tendency to reduce the experienced in-coherence is constructed. In this model, moral sensitivity (S) and desire attachment (e) function as primitives that motivate from opposing perspectives the reduction of incoherence. Two distinct sub-processes of this reduction are therefore (...)
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  50.  14
    Impact of moral sensitivity on moral distress among psychiatric nurses.Kayoko Ohnishi, Kazuyo Kitaoka, Jun Nakahara, Maritta Välimäki, Raija Kontio & Minna Anttila - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301775126.
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