Results for 'natural philosophy'

1000+ found
Order:
See also
  1.  29
    Physiologia: Natural Philosophy in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian Thought.Dennis Des Chene - 1996 - Cornell University Press.
    Physiologia provides an accessible and comprehensive guide to late Aristotelian natural philosophy; with that context in hand, it offers new interpretations of major themes in Descartes’s natural philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   60 citations  
  2.  3
    Natural Philosophy: From Social Brains to Knowledge, Reality, Morality, and Beauty.Paul Thagard - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    Paul Thagard uses new accounts of brain mechanisms and social interactions to forge theories of mind, knowledge, reality, morality, justice, meaning, and the arts. Natural Philosophy brings new methods for analyzing concepts, understanding values, and achieving coherence. It shows how to unify the humanities with the cognitive and social sciences.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  3. In Praise of Natural Philosophy: A Revolution for Thought and Life.Nicholas Maxwell - 2017 - Montreal, Canada: McGill-Queen's University Press.
    The central thesis of this book is that we need to reform philosophy and join it to science to recreate a modern version of natural philosophy; we need to do this in the interests of rigour, intellectual honesty, and so that science may serve the best interests of humanity. Modern science began as natural philosophy. In the time of Newton, what we call science and philosophy today – the disparate endeavours – formed one mutually (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  4. The Natural Philosophy of Time.G. J. Whitrow - 1961 - Nelson.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  5.  4
    The Natural Philosophy of Galileo: Essay on the Origins and Formation of Classical Mechanics.Maurice Clavelin - 1974 - Cambridge: Mass., M.I.T. Press.
    "This book tries to assess Galileo's work in its historical singularity. It is constructed around a precise question: How did Galileo create the modern science of motion? Starting from this question, I shall go on to determine as accurately as I can what concepts and methods helped classical mechanics to take shape." [Preface].
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  6.  88
    Descartes' Natural Philosophy.Stephen Gaukroger, John Andrew Schuster & John Sutton (eds.) - 2000 - Routledge.
    The most comprehensive collection of essays on Descartes' scientific writings ever published, this volume offers a detailed reassessment of Descartes' scientific work and its bearing on his philosophy. The 35 essays, written by some of the world's leading scholars, cover topics as diverse as optics, cosmology and medicine, and will be of vital interest to all historians of philosophy or science.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  7. Hume's Natural Philosophy and Philosophy of Physical Science.Matias Slavov - 2020 - London: Bloomsbury Academic.
    This book contextualizes David Hume's philosophy of physical science, exploring both Hume's background in the history of early modern natural philosophy and its subsequent impact on the scientific tradition.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8. Natural Philosophy, Deduction, and Geometry in the Hobbes-Boyle Debate.Marcus P. Adams - 2017 - Hobbes Studies 30 (1):83-107.
    This paper examines Hobbes’s criticisms of Robert Boyle’s air-pump experiments in light of Hobbes’s account in _De Corpore_ and _De Homine_ of the relationship of natural philosophy to geometry. I argue that Hobbes’s criticisms rely upon his understanding of what counts as “true physics.” Instead of seeing Hobbes as defending natural philosophy as “a causal enterprise … [that] as such, secured total and irrevocable assent,” 1 I argue that, in his disagreement with Boyle, Hobbes relied upon (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  3
    The Modeling of Nature: Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Nature in Synthesis.William A. Wallace - 1996 - Catholic University of Amer Press.
    The Modeling of Nature provides an excellent introduction to the fundamentals of natural philosophy, psychology, logic, and epistemology.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  10. Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1.Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Marcin J. Schroeder (eds.) - 2019 - Basel, Switzerland: MDPI.
    From the Philosophies journal program, one of the main aims of the journal is to help establish a new unity in diversity in human knowledge, which would include both “Wissen” (i.e., “Wissenschaft”) and “sc¯ıre” (i.e., “science”). As is known, “Wissenshaft” (the pursuit of knowledge, learning, and scholarship) is a broader concept of knowledge than “science”, as it involves all kinds of knowledge,including philosophy, and not exclusively knowledge in the form of directly testable explanations and predictions. The broader notion of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Hobbes on Natural Philosophy as "True Physics" and Mixed Mathematics.Marcus P. Adams - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:43-51.
    I offer an alternative account of the relationship of Hobbesian geometry to natural philosophy by arguing that mixed mathematics provided Hobbes with a model for thinking about it. In mixed mathematics, one may borrow causal principles from one science and use them in another science without there being a deductive relationship between those two sciences. Natural philosophy for Hobbes is mixed because an explanation may combine observations from experience (the ‘that’) with causal principles from geometry (the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  12.  29
    Descartes' System of Natural Philosophy.Stephen Gaukroger - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Towards the end of his life, Descartes published the first four parts of a projected six-part work, The Principles of Philosophy. This was intended to be the definitive statement of his complete system of philosophy, dealing with everything from cosmology to the nature of human happiness. In this book, Stephen Gaukroger examines the whole system, and reconstructs the last two parts, 'On Living Things' and 'On Man', from Descartes' other writings. He relates the work to the tradition of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  13.  11
    Natural Philosophy, Abstraction, and Mathematics Among Materialists: Thomas Hobbes and Margaret Cavendish on Light.Marcus P. Adams - 2022 - Philosophies 7 (2):44.
    The nature of light is a focus of Thomas Hobbes’s natural philosophical project. Hobbes’s explanation of the light of lucid bodies differs across his works, from dilation and contraction in Elements of Law to simple circular motions in De corpore. However, Hobbes consistently explains perceived light by positing that bodily resistance generates the phantasm of light. In Letters I.XIX–XX of Philosophical Letters, fellow materialist Margaret Cavendish attacks the Hobbesian understanding of both lux and lumen by claiming that Hobbes has (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  66
    John Locke and Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Peter Anstey presents a thorough and innovative study of John Locke's views on the method and content of natural philosophy. Focusing on Locke's Essay concerning Human Understanding, but also drawing extensively from his other writings and manuscript remains, Anstey argues that Locke was an advocate of the Experimental Philosophy: the new approach to natural philosophy championed by Robert Boyle and the early Royal Society who were opposed to speculative philosophy. On the question of method, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  15.  83
    Plato's Natural Philosophy: A Study of the Timaeus-Critias.Thomas Kjeller Johansen - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Plato's dialogue the Timaeus-Critias presents two connected accounts, that of the story of Atlantis and its defeat by ancient Athens and that of the creation of the cosmos by a divine craftsman. This book offers a unified reading of the dialogue. It tackles a wide range of interpretative and philosophical issues. Topics discussed include the function of the famous Atlantis story, the notion of cosmology as 'myth' and as 'likely', and the role of God in Platonic cosmology. Other areas commented (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  16.  15
    Leibniz's Naturalized Philosophy of Mind.Larry M. Jorgensen - 2019 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This book is a systematic reappraisal of Leibniz’s philosophy of mind. The main argument of this book is easy to state: Leibniz offers a fully natural theory of mind. In today’s philosophical climate, in which much effort has been put into discovering a naturalized theory of mind, Leibniz’s efforts to reach a similar goal 300 years earlier will provide a critical stance from which we can assess our own theories. But while the goals might be similar, the content (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  17. Natural Philosophy and the Sciences: Challenging Science’s Tunnel Vision.Arran Gare - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (4):33-0.
    Prior to the nineteenth century, those who are now regarded as scientists were referred to as natural philosophers. With empiricism, science was claimed to be a superior form of knowledge to philosophy, and natural philosophy was marginalized. This claim for science was challenged by defenders of natural philosophy, and this debate has continued up to the present. The vast majority of mainstream scientists are comfortable in the belief that through applying the scientific method, knowledge (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  18.  19
    Chance and Necessity: An Essay on the Natural Philosophy of Modern Biology.Jacques Monod - 1971 - New York: Vintage Books.
    Change and necessity is a statement of Darwinian natural selection as a process driven by chance necessity, devoid of purpose or intent.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   250 citations  
  19.  57
    Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies.Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Marcin Schroeder - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (4):42--0.
    In this Editorial note, Guest Editors introduce the theme of the Special Issue of the journal Philosophies, titled Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  20. Natural Philosophy.Wilhelm Ostwald & Thomas Seltzer - 1910 - Holt.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  2
    Aristotle: Metaphysics, Epistemology, Natural Philosophy.Terence H. Irwin (ed.) - 1999 - Routledge.
    First Published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  22.  2
    Condorcet, From Natural Philosophy to Social Mathematics.Keith Michael Baker - 1975 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Condorcet's understanding of the application of the philosophy of natural sceince to social science.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  23.  70
    A History of Natural Philosophy: From the Ancient World to the Nineteenth Century.Edward Grant - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Natural philosophy encompassed all natural phenomena of the physical world. It sought to discover the physical causes of all natural effects and was little concerned with mathematics. By contrast, the exact mathematical sciences were narrowly confined to various computations that did not involve physical causes, functioning totally independently of natural philosophy. Although this began slowly to change in the late Middle Ages, a much more thoroughgoing union of natural philosophy and mathematics occurred (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  24. Mechanism and Materialism: British Natural Philosophy in an Age of Reason.Robert E. Schofield - 1969 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Robert Schofield explores the rational elements of British experimental natural philosophy in the 18th century by tracing the influence of two opposing concepts of the nature of matter and its action—mechanism and materialism. Both concepts rested on the Newtonian interpretation of their proponents, although each developed more or less independently. By integrating the developments in all the areas of experimental natural philosophy, describing their connections and the influences of Continental science, natural theology, and to a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  25.  3
    The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy.Isaac Newton - 2020 - Filozofski Vestnik 41 (3).
    The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   72 citations  
  26. The Natural Philosophy of the Greeks: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science.Robert A. Di Curcio - 1975 - Aeternium.
  27.  15
    A Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy.John F. W. Herschel - 1830 - University of Chicago Press.
    Originally published in 1830, this book can be called the first modern work in the philosophy of science, covering an extraordinary range of philosophical, methodological, and scientific subjects. "Herschel's book . . . brilliantly analyzes both the history and nature of science."—Keith Stewart Thomson, American Scientist.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   96 citations  
  28.  60
    The Metaphysics and Natural Philosophy of John Buridan.J. M. M. H. Thijssen & Jack Zupko (eds.) - 2001 - Brill.
    This book is a collection of papers on the metaphysics and natural philosophy of John Buridan (ca. 1295-1361), one of the most innovative and influential ...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  29. The Natural Philosophy of Agency.Shaun Gallagher - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (2):347–357.
    A review of several theories and brain-imaging experiments shows that there is no consensus about how to define the sense of agency. In some cases the sense of agency is construed in terms of bodily movement or motor control, in others it is linked to the intentional aspect of action. For some theorists it is the product of higher-order cognitive processes, for others it is a feature of first-order phenomenal experience. In this article I propose a multiple aspects account of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   42 citations  
  30.  47
    Between Atoms and Forms: Natural Philosophy and Metaphysics in Kenelm Digby.Han Thomas Adriaenssen & Sander de Boer - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (1):57-80.
    although mostly known to specialists nowadays, Kenelm Digby was a remarkable figure on the intellectual scene of the early seventeenth century. He has been described as “one of the most influential natural philosophers” of his time,1 and corresponded with many of the great scholars of his days, including Descartes, and the French pioneer of atomism, Pierre Gassendi. In the later years of his life, Digby, alongside men like Robert Boyle, became one of the founding members of the Royal Society.2Digby (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  31.  44
    The Natural Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish: Reason and Fancy During the Scientific Revolution.Lisa T. Sarasohn - 2010 - The Johns Hopkins University Pres.
    Lisa T. Sarasohn acutely examines the brilliant work of this untrained mind and explores the unorthodox development of her natural philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  32.  61
    Natural Philosophy of Cause and Chance.Max Born - 1949 - New York: Dover Publications.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  33. Reviews: Natural Philosophy-Seeing New Worlds: Henry David Thoreau and Nineteenth-Century Natural Science. [REVIEW]L. D. Walls & J. Smith - 1998 - Annals of Science 55 (4):434-434.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Speculative Truth: Henry Cavendish, Natural Philosophy, and the Rise of Modern Theoretical Science.Russell McCormmach - 2003 - Oxford University Press USA.
    With a never-before published paper by Lord Henry Cavendish, as well as a biography on him, this book offers a fascinating discourse on the rise of scientific attitudes and ways of knowing. A pioneering British physicist in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Cavendish was widely considered to be the first full-time scientist in the modern sense. Through the lens of this unique thinker and writer, this book is about the birth of modern science.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  35.  7
    Early Modern Medicine and Natural Philosophy.Peter Distelzweig, Evan Ragland & Benjamin Goldberg (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
    This essay discusses the role of new mechanical devices put forward in the seventeenth century in anatomy and pathology, showing how several of those devices were promptly deployed in anatomical investigations. I also discuss the role of dead bodies as boundary objects between living bodies and machines, highlighting their problematic status in experimentation and vivisection.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  16
    Newtonian Natural Philosophy and the Scientific Revolution.P. M. Heimann - 1973 - History of Science 11 (1):1-7.
  37.  3
    Francis Bacon's Natural Philosophy, a New Source a Transcription of Manuscript Hardwick 72a with Translation and Commentary.Francis Bacon, Graham Rees & Christopher Upton - 1984
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38.  25
    Axiomatic Natural Philosophy and the Emergence of Biology as a Science.Hein van den Berg & Boris Demarest - 2020 - Journal of the History of Biology 53 (3):379-422.
    Ernst Mayr argued that the emergence of biology as a special science in the early nineteenth century was possible due to the demise of the mathematical model of science and its insistence on demonstrative knowledge. More recently, John Zammito has claimed that the rise of biology as a special science was due to a distinctive experimental, anti-metaphysical, anti-mathematical, and anti-rationalist strand of thought coming from outside of Germany. In this paper we argue that this narrative neglects the important role played (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  39. Socializing Naturalized Philosophy of Science.Stephen M. Downes - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (3):452-468.
    I propose an approach to naturalized philosophy of science that takes the social nature of scientific practice seriously. I criticize several prominent naturalistic approaches for adopting "cognitive individualism", which limits the study of science to an examination of the internal psychological mechanisms of scientists. I argue that this limits the explanatory capacity of these approaches. I then propose a three-level model of the social nature of scientific practice, and use the model to defend the claim that scientific knowledge is (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  40.  91
    David Hull’s Natural Philosophy of Science.Paul E. Griffiths - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (3):301-310.
    Throughout his career David Hull has sought to bring the philosophy of science into closer contact with science and especially with biological science (Hull 1969, 1997b). This effort has taken many forms. Sometimes it has meant ‘either explaining basic biology to philosophers or explaining basic philosophy to biologists’ (Hull 1996, p. 77). The first of these tasks, simple as it sounds, has been responsible for revolutionary changes. It is well known that traditional philosophy of science, modeled as (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  41.  25
    Natural Philosophy and Public Spectacle in the Eighteenth Century.Simon Schaffer - 1983 - History of Science 21 (1):1-43.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   56 citations  
  42.  1
    Grounds of Natural Philosophy.Anne M. Thell (ed.) - 2020 - Broadview Press.
    This edition aims to make Margaret Cavendish’s most mature philosophical work more accessible to students and scholars of the period. _Grounds of Natural Philosophy_ is important not only because it is Cavendish’s final articulation of her metaphysics but also because it succinctly outlines her fundamental views on “the nature of nature”—or the base substance and mechanics of all natural matter—and vividly demonstrates her probabilistic approach to philosophical enquiry. Moreover, _Grounds_ spends considerable time discussing the human body, including the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. The Natural Philosophy of Time, by G. J. Whitrow. [REVIEW]J. J. C. Smart - 1961 - Philosophical Review 72 (3):405-407.
  44.  12
    Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Contemporary Idola Mentis.Marcin J. Schroeder - 2020 - Philosophies 5 (19):19-0.
    Contemporary Natural Philosophy is understood here as a project of the pursuit of the integrated description of reality distinguished by the precisely formulated criteria of objectivity, and by the assumption that the statements of this description can be assessed only as true or false according to clearly specified verification procedures established with the exclusive goal of the discrimination between these two logical values, but not with respect to any other norms or values established by the preferences of human (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45. Natural Philosophy of Cause and Chance.Max Born - 1949 - Philosophy 24 (91):370-372.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   38 citations  
  46. Im Innern der Natur Philosophie Und Moderne Physik.Bernulf Kanitscheider - 1996
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47. Ernst Mach’s World Elements: A Study in Natural Philosophy.Erik C. Banks - 2003 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    A consideration of Mach's elements, his philosophy of neutral monism, and philosophy of physics, especially space and time, much of it based on unpublished writings from the Nachlass and other original sources. The historical connection between Mach and logical positivism is shown to be superficial at best, and Mach's elements are shown to be mind independent natural qualities (world-elements) with dynamic force, not limited to human sensations.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  48. The Natural Philosophy of James Clerk Maxwell.Peter M. Harman - 2001
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  49. In Praise of Natural Philosophy: A Revolution for Thought and Life.Nicholas Maxwell - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (4):705-715.
    Modern science began as natural philosophy. In the time of Newton, what we call science and philosophy today – the disparate endeavours – formed one mutually interacting, integrated endeavour of natural philosophy: to improve our knowledge and understanding of the universe, and to improve our understanding of ourselves as a part of it. Profound, indeed unprecedented discoveries were made. But then natural philosophy died. It split into science on the one hand, and (...) on the other. This happened during the 18th and 19th centuries, and the split is now built into our intellectual landscape. But the two fragments, science and philosophy, are defective shadows of the glorious unified endeavour of natural philosophy. Rigour, sheer intellectual good sense and decisive argument demand that we put the two together again, and rediscover the immense merits of the integrated enterprise of natural philosophy. This requires an intellectual revolution, with dramatic implications for how we understand our world, how we understand and do science, and how we understand and do philosophy. There are dramatic implications, too, for education, and for the entire academic endeavour, and its capacity to help us discover how to tackle more successfully our immense global problems. (shrink)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  50. The Natural Philosophy of Time.G. J. WHITROW - 1961 - Philosophy 39 (147):86-88.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000