Results for 'nature–nurture debate'

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  1.  64
    It Ain’T Necessarily So: The Misuse of 'Human Nature' in Law and Social Policy and Bankruptcy of the 'Nature-Nurture' Debate.Schwartz Justin - 2012 - Texas Journal of Women and the Law 21:187-239.
    Debate about legal and policy reform has been haunted by a pernicious confusion about human nature, the idea that it is a set of rigid dispositions, today generally conceived as genetic, that is manifested the same way in all circumstances. Opponents of egalitarian alternatives argue that we cannot depart far from the status quo because human nature stands in the way. Advocates of such reforms too often deny the existence of human nature because, sharing this conception, they think it (...)
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  2.  54
    The Politics of Heredity: Essays on Eugenics, Biomedicine, and the Nature-Nurture Debate.Diane B. Paul - 1998 - State University of New York Press.
    Explores the political forces underlying shifts in thinking about the respective influence of heredity and environment in shaping human behavior, and the feasibility and morality of eugenics.
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  3.  79
    Making Sense of the Nature–Nurture Debate[REVIEW]James Tabery - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):711-723.
  4.  31
    God, Greed, and Flesh: Saint Paul, Thomas Hobbes, and the Nature/Nurture Debate.Matthew H. Kramer - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (4):51-66.
  5.  21
    The Nature/Nurture Debate: Same Old Wolf in New Sheep's Clothing?Horst D. Steklis - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (4):649-650.
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  6.  11
    The Politics of Heredity: Essays on Eugenics, Biomedicine, and the Nature-Nurture Debate. Diane B. Paul.Greta Jones - 1999 - Isis 90 (4):851-852.
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  7. The Nature-Nurture Debate Today.Lucas J. Matthews - 2018 - Psychology Review 24 (1):25-27.
     
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  8.  9
    Does Gene Number Really Settle the Nature Versus Nurture Debate?Adam S. Wilkins - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (7):561-562.
  9.  7
    On Our Minds. How Evolutionary Psychology is Reshaping the Nature Versus Nurture Debate. By Eric M. Gander. Pp. 293. (The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London, 2003.) ISBN 0-8018-7387-8, Hardback. [REVIEW]Boguslaw Pawlowski - 2006 - Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (4):574-575.
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  10. Phenotypic Plasticity: Beyond Nature and Nurture.Massimo Pigliucci - 2001 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Phenotypic plasticity integrates the insights of ecological genetics, developmental biology, and evolutionary theory. Plasticity research asks foundational questions about how living organisms are capable of variation in their genetic makeup and in their responses to environmental factors. For instance, how do novel adaptive phenotypes originate? How do organisms detect and respond to stressful environments? What is the balance between genetic or natural constraints (such as gravity) and natural selection? The author begins by defining phenotypic plasticity and detailing its history, including (...)
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  11. Nature, Nurture, and Universal Grammar.Stephen Crain & Paul M. Pietroski - 2001 - Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (2):139-186.
    In just a few years, children achieve a stable state of linguistic competence, making them effectively adults with respect to: understanding novel sentences, discerning relations of paraphrase and entailment, acceptability judgments, etc. One familiar account of the language acquisition process treats it as an induction problem of the sort that arises in any domain where the knowledge achieved is logically underdetermined by experience. This view highlights the cues that are available in the input to children, as well as childrens skills (...)
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  12.  88
    Nature, Nurture and Universal Grammar.Paul Pietrowski - 2001 - Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (2):139 - 186.
    In just a few years, children achieve a stable state of linguistic competence, making them effectively adults with respect to: understanding novel sentences, discerning relations of paraphrase and entailment, acceptability judgments, etc. One familiar account of the language acquisition process treats it as an induction problem of the sort that arises in any domain where the knowledge achieved is logically underdetermined by experience. This view highlights the 'cues' that are available in the input to children, as well as children's skills (...)
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  13.  36
    Murder on the Development Express: Who Killed Nature/Nurture?Karola Stotz - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (6):919-929.
    Keller explains the persistence of the nature/nurture debate by a chronic ambiguity in language derived from classical and behavioral genetics. She suggests that the more precise vocabulary of modern molecular genetics may be used to rephrase the underlying questions and hence provide a way out of this controversy. I show that her proposal fits into a long tradition in which other authors have wrestled with the same problem and come to similar conclusions. - Review of 'The mirage of a (...)
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  14.  88
    Nature, Nurture, and Politics.Neven Sesardic - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):433-436.
    Political imputations in science are notoriously a tricky business. I addressed this issue in the context of the nature–nurture debate in the penultimate chapter of my book Making Sense of Heritability (Cambridge U. P. 2005). Although the book mainly dealt with the logic of how one should think about heritability of psychological differences, it also discussed the role of politics in our efforts to understand the dynamics of that controversy. I first argued that if a scholar publicly defends (...)
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  15. The Nature-Nurture Debates: Bridging the Gap.Dale Goldhaber - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    How is it possible that in more than one hundred years, the nature-nurture debate has not come to a satisfactory resolution? The problem, Dale Goldhaber argues, lies not with the proposed answers, but with the question itself. In The Nature-Nurture Debate, Goldhaber reviews the four major perspectives on the issue - behavior genetics, environment, evolutionary psychology and developmental systems theory - and shows that the classic, reductionist strategies are incapable of resolving the issue because they each offer a (...)
     
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  16. Nature Via Nurture:. [REVIEW]Massimo Pigliucci - 2003 - Nature Genetics 35 (3):199-200.
    On the nature-nurture debate and the complexities of what make us human.
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  17.  12
    Perceptions of Nature, Nurture and Behaviour.Mairi Levitt - 2013 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 9 (1):1-11.
    Trying to separate out nature and nurture as explanations for behaviour, as in classic genetic studies of twins and families, is now said to be both impossible and unproductive. In practice the nature-nurture model persists as a way of framing discussion on the causes of behaviour in genetic research papers, as well as in the media and lay debate. Social and environmental theories of crime have been dominant in criminology and in public policy while biological theories have been seen (...)
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  18. Nature, Nurture, and the Transition to Early Adolescence.Stephen A. Petrill, Robert Plomin, John C. DeFries & John K. Hewitt (eds.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Some of the most intriguing issues in the study of cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development arise in the debate over nature versus nurture; a debate difficult to resolve because it is difficult to separate the respective contributions of genes and environment to development. The most powerful approach to this separation is through longitudinal adoption studies. The Colorado Adoption Project is the only longitudinal adoption study in existence examining development continuously from birth to adolescence, which makes it a (...)
     
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  19.  66
    R. A. Fisher, Lancelot Hogben, and the Origin(s) of Genotype-Environment Interaction.James Tabery - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):717-761.
    This essay examines the origin of genotype-environment interaction, or G×E. "Origin" and not "the origin" because the thesis is that there were actually two distinct concepts of G×E at this beginning: a biometric concept, or \[G \times E_B\], and a developmental concept, or \[G \times E_D \]. R. A. Fisher, one of the founders of population genetics and the creator of the statistical analysis of variance, introduced the biometric concept as he attempted to resolve one of the main problems in (...)
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  20. The Human Nature Debate: Social Theory, Social Policy, and the Caring Professions.Harry Cowen - 1994 - Pluto Press.
     
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  21.  25
    Developmental Explanation and the Ontogeny of Birdsong: Nature/Nurture Redux.Timothy D. Johnston - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (4):617-630.
  22. The Nature of Nurture: Genetic Influence on “Environmental” Measures.Robert Plomin & C. S. Bergeman - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):373-386.
  23. Beyond Nature Versus Nurture.Massimo Pigliucci - 2002 - The Philosophers' Magazine (19):20-21.
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  24.  32
    Nature, Nurture and Why the Pendulum Still Swings.Brian Garvey - 2005 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (2):309-330.
    In both popular and technical discussion we often find the pairs of opposed terms ‘innate/acquired,’ ‘due to genes/due to environment,’ ‘nature/nurture,’ and so forth. They appear to be used as if they all captured a genuine distinction, and the same distinction at that. A related family of opposed pairs is held to describe the difference between those who attribute a certain trait to ‘nature’ and those who attribute it to ‘nurture’: ‘nativists’ versus ‘constructivists’ is one such pair. Chomsky and his (...)
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  25.  26
    Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture.Ella Whiteley - 2015 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (3):347-350.
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  26.  21
    Lessons From an Optical Illusion: On Nature and Nurture, Knowledge and Values.Edward M. Hundert - 1995 - Harvard University Press.
    As Edward Hundert--a philosopher, psychiatrist, and award-winning educator--makes clear in this eloquent interdisciplinary work, the newly emerging model for ...
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  27.  32
    Darwinian Models of Culture: Toward Replacing the Nature/Nurture Dichotomy.Peter J. Richerson & Robert Boyd - 1992 - World Futures 34 (1):43-57.
    (1992). Darwinian models of culture: Toward replacing the nature/nurture dichotomy. World Futures: Vol. 34, Evolutionary Models in the Social Sciences, pp. 43-57.
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  28.  32
    Nature, Nurture, and Individual Change.John D. Mullen - 2006 - Behavior and Philosophy 34:1 - 17.
    Determining the degree to which persistent human behaviors and traits are the result of genetics or environment is important for a host of theoretical reasons in psychology. This article asks whether the results of such determinations are relevant to the practical tasks of individual change as attempted, for example, through therapy, parenting techniques, or self-transformation. Examples from the psychological literature on happiness or "subjective well-being" illustrate the common idea that a trait being largely genetic implies that it is more difficult (...)
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  29.  17
    Intuitions and Assumptions in the Debate Over Laws of Nature.Walter Ott & Lydia Patton - 2018 - In Walter Ott & Lydia Patton (eds.), Laws of Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 1-17.
    The conception of a ‘law of nature’ is a human product. It was created to play a role in natural philosophy, in the Cartesian tradition. In light of this, philosophers and scientists must sort out what they mean by a law of nature before evaluating rival theories and approaches. If one’s conception of the laws of nature is yoked to metaphysical notions of truth and explanation, that connection must be made explicit and defended. If, on the other hand, one’s aim (...)
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  30.  31
    Nature and Nurture: A False Dichotomy?Laura Purdy - 1986 - Hypatia 1 (1):167-174.
    Nancy Tuana holds that the nature/nurture dichotomy does not accurately represent the world and hence that a whole series of assumptions about human nature is mistaken. She rejects both biological determinism and alternative interactionist views. I argue that although her arguments and political concerns do rule out any kind of simple biological determinism, they do not show that the alternative interactionist view is untenable: in fact, she uses the distinction in her attempt to demolish it. I argue that the assumption (...)
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  31. Nature, Nurture, Second Nature: Broadening the Horizons of the Philosophy of Education.Koichiro Misawa - 2014 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (5):1-13.
    The central thesis of this article is that the notion of second nature that John McDowell has reanimated has something of ethical and educational importance, thereby possibly extending the borders of the philosophy of education. The argument to this conclusion is the subject of serious consideration and criticism. The aim of this article is therefore to clarify the educational implications of the conception of second nature by responding to the three likely objections: the charge of idealism, the charge of anthropocentrism, (...)
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  32. God or Blind Nature? Philosophers Debate the Evidence.Paul Draper - 2008 - Internet Infidels (Online Publisher).
    This book consists of four nonpartisan debates about the existence of God. Each debate examines distinct related areas of evidence for and against naturalism and theism. The topics of the first debate are the mind and the will, and the debaters are a naturalist, Andrew Melnyk, and two theists, Steward Goetz and Charles Taliaferro. Next, Paul Draper defends an evolutionary argument from evil against theism, while Alvin Plantinga argues that evolutionary naturalism is self-defeating. In the final two debates, (...)
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  33.  36
    Reconnecting with Nature in the Age of Technology: The Heidegger and Radical Environmentalism Debate Revisited.Vincent Blok - 2014 - Environmental Philosophy 11 (2):307-332.
    The relation between Martin Heidegger and radical environmentalism has been subject of discussion for several years now. On the one hand, Heidegger is portrayed as a forerunner of the deep ecology movement, providing an alternative for the technological age we live in. On the other, commentators contend that the basic thrust of Heidegger’s thought cannot be found in such an ecological ethos. In this article, this debate is revisited in order to answer the question whether it is possible to (...)
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  34. The Nurture of Nature: Hereditary Plasticity in Evolution.Ehud Lamm & Eva Jablonka - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (3):305 – 319.
    The dichotomy between Nature and Nurture, which has been dismantled within the framework of development, remains embodied in the notions of plasticity and evolvability. We argue that plasticity and evolvability, like development and heredity, are neither dichotomous nor distinct: the very same mechanisms may be involved in both, and the research perspective chosen depends to a large extent on the type of problem being explored and the kinds of questions being asked. Epigenetic inheritance leads to transgenerationally extended plasticity, and developmentally-induced (...)
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  35.  81
    The Ingredients for a Postgenomic Synthesis of Nature and Nurture.Karola Stotz - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (3):359 – 381.
    This paper serves as an introduction to the special issue on “Reconciling Nature and Nurture in Behavior and Cognition Research” and sets its agenda to resolve the 'interactionist' dichotomy of nature as the genetic, and stable, factors of development, and nurture as the environmental, and plastic influences. In contrast to this received view it promotes the idea that all traits, no matter how developmentally fixed or universal they seem, contingently develop out of a single-cell state through the interaction of a (...)
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  36.  63
    The Nature of Rights Debate Rests on a Mistake.Siegfried Van Duffel - 2012 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (1):104-123.
    The recent debate over the nature of rights has been dominated by two rival theories of rights. Proponents of the Will Theory of rights hold that individual freedom, autonomy, control, or sovereignty are somehow to be fundamental to the concept of a right, while proponents of the Interest Theory argue that rights rather protect people's welfare. Participants in this debate commonly assume the existence of a single ‘concept’ of which both theories provide competing descriptions. The aim of this (...)
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  37.  46
    Educating Human Nature: 'Nature' and 'Nurture' in Early Confucian Moral Education.Judson B. Murray - 2012 - Journal of Moral Education 41 (4):509-527.
    This study examines early Chinese moral education?its curriculum, objectives and the philosophical assumptions underlying them?in its classical Confucian expression. It analyzes early Confucian debates on moral psychology, the Confucian moral curriculum consisting of model emulation, cultural practices and canonical instruction, and the methods and aims of Confucian statecraft. The study reveals how ancient Confucians integrated these components into a coherent discourse on moral education and its implementation for the related purposes of cultivating virtuous people and benevolent rulers. It explains why (...)
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  38.  75
    Utrum Inhaerentia Sit de Essentia Accidentis. Francis of Marchia and the Debate on the Nature of Accidents.Fabrizio Amerini - 2006 - Vivarium 44 (1):96-150.
    This paper attempts to provide a general reconstruction of Francis of Marchia's doctrine of accidental being. The paper is divided into two parts. (1) In the first part, I begin by reconstructing the debate on the nature of accidents held before Marchia, showing that such a debate is characterised by a progressive shift concerning the way to understand accidents. While the first Aristotelian interpreters regard accidents especially as inhering modes of being of substances, the majority of theologians and (...)
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  39.  18
    Book Review : The Mirage of a Space Between Nature and Nurture. [REVIEW]Neven Sesardic - unknown
    The article reviews the book "The Mirage of a Space Between Nature and Nurture," by Evelyn Fox Keller.
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  40.  37
    Phylloxera, 'Big Science' and the Nature of Scientific Debate.Cain Todd - 2012 - Metascience 21 (3):759-761.
    Phylloxera, ‘big science’ and the nature of scientific debate Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9668-z Authors Cain Todd, Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion, County South, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YL UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  41.  6
    Human Nature and Animal Nature: The Horak Debate and Its Philosophical Significance.Richard T. Kim - 2015 - International Philosophical Quarterly 55 (4):437-456.
    Philosophical investigation of human nature has a long, distinguished, and multifaceted history. In the East some of the most heated philosophical disputes pertaining to issues concerning moral self-cultivation centered on disagreements about human nature. Within the Neo-Confucian tradition that developed out of Korea, issues concerning human nature took center stage in a dispute now known as the “Horak Debate” that began in the eighteenth century. In this paper I seek to introduce the Horak Debate to contemporary philosophers by (...)
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  42.  10
    Nietzsche, Nature, Nurture.Aaron Ridley - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):129-143.
    Nietzsche claims that we are fated to be as we are. He also claims, however, that we can create ourselves. To many commentators these twin commitments have seemed self-contradictory or paradoxical. The argument of this paper, by contrast, is that, despite appearances, there is no paradox here, nor even a tension between Nietzsche's two claims. Instead, when properly interpreted these claims turn out to be intimately related to one another, so that our fatedness emerges as integral to our capacity to (...)
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  43.  40
    Deconstructing Innate Illusions: Reflections on Nature-Nurture-Niche From an Unlikely Source.Meredith J. West & Andrew P. King - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (3):383 – 395.
    Despite great advances in understanding genetic mechanisms, there still exists a bias toward equating genes with innate modules that determine important developmental events. But genes are equally relevant to understanding developmental plasticity shaped by ecological events. In other words, the term 'genetic inheritance' does not specify ontogenetic mechanisms. Here we present a case history of a species assumed to be under the control of prespecified genetic wiring to direct critical behavioral events such as communication and mating. We show, however, that (...)
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  44.  14
    Nietzsche, Nature, Nurture.Aaron Ridley - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (4).
    Nietzsche claims that we are fated to be as we are. He also claims, however, that we can create ourselves. To many commentators these twin commitments have seemed self-contradictory or paradoxical. The argument of this paper, by contrast, is that, despite appearances, there is no paradox here, nor even a tension between Nietzsche's two claims. Instead, when properly interpreted these claims turn out to be intimately related to one another, so that our fatedness emerges as integral to our capacity to (...)
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  45. Mechanistic Explanation and the Nature-Nurture Controversy.William Bechtel & Adele Abrahamsen - 2005 - Bulletin d'Histoire Et d'pistmologie Des Sciences de La Vie 12:75-100.
    Both in biology and psychology there has been a tendency on the part of many investigators to focus solely on the mature organism and ignore development. There are many reasons for this, but an important one is that the explanatory framework often invoked in the life sciences for understanding a given phenomenon, according to which explanation consists in identifying the mechanism that produces that phenomenon, both makes it possible to side-step the development issue and to provide inadequate resources for actually (...)
     
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  46. Why Nature & Nurture Won't Go Away.Steven Pinker - 2004 - Daedalus.
  47.  62
    Intelligence and the Logic of the Nature-Nurture Issue Reply to J. P. White.Gilbert Ryle - 1974 - Philosophy of Education 8 (1):52-60.
  48.  22
    Firing Up the Nature/Nurture Controversy: Bioethics and Genetic Determinism.Inma de Melo-Martin - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (9):526-530.
    It is argued here that bioethicists might inadvertently be promoting genetic determinism: the idea that genes alone determine human traits and behaviours. Discussions about genetic testing are used to exemplify how they might be doing so. Quite often bioethicists use clinical cases to support particular moral obligations or rights as if these cases were representative of the kind of information we can acquire about human diseases through genetic testing, when they are not. On other occasions, the clinical cases are presented (...)
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  49.  6
    Realism Versus Idealism in the Nature-Nurture Dispute.Dale Jacquette - 2014 - In Javier Cumpa, Greg Jesson & Guido Bonino (eds.), Defending Realism: Ontological and Epistemological Investigations. De Gruyter. pp. 401-416.
  50.  37
    Does Your Family Make You Smarter: Nature, Nurture, and Human Autonomy, James Flynn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2016), 258, Softcover, ISBN-10: 1316604462. [REVIEW]Lucas J. Matthews & Eric Turkheimer - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 65:35-40.
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