Results for 'normative concepts'

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  1. Experimental philosophy and the fruitfulness of normative concepts.Matthew Lindauer - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (8):2129-2152.
    This paper provides a new argument for the relevance of empirical research to moral and political philosophy and a novel defense of the positive program in experimental philosophy. The argument centers on the idea that normative concepts used in moral and political philosophy can be evaluated in terms of their fruitfulness in solving practical problems. Empirical research conducted with an eye to the practical problems that are relevant to particular concepts can provide evidence of their fruitfulness along (...)
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  2.  3
    Authoritatively Normative Concepts.Tristram McPherson - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 13.
    This chapter offers an analysis of the authoritatively normative concept PRACTICAL OUGHT that appeals to the constitutive norms for the activity of non-arbitrary selection. It argues that this analysis permits an attractive and substantive explanation of what the distinctive normative authority of this concept amounts to, while also explaining why a clear statement of what such authority amounts to has been so elusive in the recent literature. The account given is contrasted with more familiar constitutivist theories, and briefly (...)
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  3. Authoritatively Normative Concepts.Tristram McPherson - forthcoming - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics. Oxford University Press.
    This paper offers an analysis of the authoritatively normative concept PRACTICAL OUGHT that appeals to the constitutive norms for the activity of non-arbitrary selection. I argue that this analysis permits an attractive and substantive explanation of what the distinctive normative authority of this concept amounts to. I contrast my account with more familiar constitutivist theories, and briefly show how it answers ‘schmagency’-style objections to constitutivist explanations of normativity. Finally, I explain how the account offered here can be used (...)
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  4. Dual Character Concepts in Social Cognition: Commitments and the Normative Dimension of Conceptual Representation.Del Pinal Guillermo & Reuter Kevin - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S3):477–501.
    The concepts expressed by social role terms such as artist and scientist are unique in that they seem to allow two independent criteria for categorization, one of which is inherently normative. This study presents and tests an account of the content and structure of the normative dimension of these “dual character concepts.” Experiment 1 suggests that the normative dimension of a social role concept represents the commitment to fulfill the idealized basic function associated with the (...)
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  5. Choosing Normative Concepts.Matthew S. Bedke - 2019 - Philosophical Review 128 (1):121-126.
    This is a review of Eklund's book. It discusses his suggestion that "ardent realists" use the practical profiles of normative concepts to A) explain what it is for a concept to be normative, B) fix reference, and C) provide an extensional theory of normative properties. I argue that those sympathetic to ardent realism will be happier to focus on the way in which normativity presents itself to cognition, particularly that presentation of inherent, authoritative guidance, and whether (...)
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  6. Normative and Non-Normative Concepts: Paternalism and Libertarian Paternalism.Kalle Grill - 2013 - In Daniel Strech, Irene Hirschberg & Georg Marckmann (eds.), Ethics in Public Health and Health Policy. Springer. pp. 27-46.
    This chapter concerns the normativity of the concepts of paternalism and libertarian paternalism. The first concept is central in evaluating public health policy, but its meaning is controversial. The second concept is equally controversial and has received much attention recently. It may or may not shape the future evaluation of public health policy. In order to facilitate honest and fruitful debate, I consider three approaches to these concepts, in terms of their normativity. Concepts, I claim, may be (...)
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  7.  29
    Choosing Normative Concepts.Matti Eklund - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    The concepts we use to value and prescribe are historically contingent, and we could have found ourselves with others. But what does it mean to say that some concepts are better than others for purposes of action-guiding and deliberation? What is it to choose between different normative conceptual frameworks?
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  8. Normative Concepts: A Connectedness Model.Laura Schroeter - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14.
    This paper proposes a new relational account of concepts and shows how it is particularly well suited to characterizing normative concepts. The key advantage of our ‘connectedness’ model is that it explains how subjects can share the same normative concepts despite radical divergences in the descriptive or motivational commitments they associate with them. The connectedness model builds social and historical facts into the foundations of concept identity. This aspect of the model, we suggest, reshapes (...) epistemology and provides new resources for a vindication of realism in ethics. (shrink)
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  9.  14
    What Is a Theory of Normative Concepts For?Matthew Chrisman - 2019 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 86:63-85.
    This paper compares and contrasts two recent approaches to the theory of normative concepts with each other and with more traditional theories in metaethics, in order to highlight several different projects one could be engaged in when developing a theory of normative concepts. The two accounts derive from Millgram, The Great Endarkenment and Chrisman The Meaning of ‘Ought’. These accounts share in rejecting traditional attempts to explain what ‘ought’ is about or expresses. Instead these accounts treat (...)
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    Normative Concepts of Nature in the GMO Protest. A Qualitative Content Analysis of Position Papers Criticizing Green Genetic Engineering in Germany.Christian Dürnberger - 2019 - Food Ethics 4 (1):49-66.
    New Breeding Techniques such as CRISPR-Cas9 are revolutionizing plant breeding and food production. Experts believe that the social debate about these technologies could be similar to those on green genetic engineering: emotional and highly controversial. Future debate about Genome Editing could benefit from a better understanding of the GMO controversy. Against this background, this paper presents results of a content analysis of position papers criticizing green genetic engineering in Germany. In particular, it focuses on the controversy as a place where (...)
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  11.  26
    Guiding Concepts : Essays on Normative Concepts, Knowledge, and Deliberation.Olle Risberg - 2020 - Dissertation, Uppsala University
    This thesis addresses a range of questions about normativity, broadly understood. Recurring themes include the idea of normative ‘action-guidance’, and the connection between normativity and motivational states, the possibility of normative knowledge and its role in deliberation, and the question of whether normative concepts can themselves be evaluated. The first two papers, ‘The Entanglement Problem and Idealization in Moral Philosophy’ and ‘Weighting Surprise Parties: Some Problems for Schroeder’, critically examine various versions of the view that what (...)
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    Universalism, Particularism, And Moral Change: Reflections On The Value-Normative Concepts Of The Social Sciences.Stephen Turner - 2011 - In Nikolai Genov (ed.), Global Trends and Regional Development. New York, USA: Routledge.
    It is worth beginning any discussion of the trends of universalization and particularization of value-normative systems with some refl ections on theory. Theories about values, norms, and morality are themselves closely related to the moralities they explain and to the moral outlook of those doing the explaining. A choice of a value is an act of faith, which echoes the Lutheran salvation doctrine of “justifi cation by faith alone.” The distance between these concepts and the “moral” ideas of (...)
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    Normative Concepts and Motivation.François Schroeter - 2005 - Philosophers' Imprint 5:1-23.
    Philip Pettit, Michael Smith, and Tyler Burge have suggested that the similarities between theoretical and practical reasoning can bolster the case for judgment internalism – i.e. the claim that normative judgments are necessarily connected to motivation. In this paper, I first flesh out the rationale for this new approach to internalism. I then argue that even if there are reasons for thinking that internalism holds in the theoretical domain, these reasons don’t generalize to the practical domain.
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  14. Alternative Normative Concepts.Matti Eklund - 2012 - Analytic Philosophy 53 (2):139-157.
  15. Dual Character Concepts and the Normative Dimension of Conceptual Representation.Joshua Knobe, Sandeep Prasada & George E. Newman - 2013 - Cognition 127 (2):242-257.
    Five experiments provide evidence for a class of ‘dual character concepts.’ Dual character concepts characterize their members in terms of both (a) a set of concrete features and (b) the abstract values that these features serve to realize. As such, these concepts provide two bases for evaluating category members and two different criteria for category membership. Experiment 1 provides support for the notion that dual character concepts have two bases for evaluation. Experiments 2-4 explore the claim (...)
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  16.  14
    Choosing Normative Concepts, Written by Matti Eklund. [REVIEW]Nicholas Drake - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Philosophy.
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  17.  28
    Matti Eklund, Choosing Normative Concepts.Krister Bykvist & Jonas Olson - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (3):343-347.
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  18.  54
    Feeling the Right Way: Normative Influences on People's Use of Emotion Concepts.Rodrigo Díaz & Kevin Reuter - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
    It is generally assumed that emotion concepts are purely descriptive. However, recent investigations suggest that the concept of happiness includes information about the morality of the agent's life. In this study, we argue that normative influences on emotion concepts are not restricted to happiness and are not about moral norms. In a series of studies, we show that emotion attribution is influenced by whether the agent's psychological and bodily states fit the situation in which they are experienced. (...)
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    Matti Eklund, Choosing Normative Concepts , Ix + 219 Pp.Krister Bykvist & Jonas Olson - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (3):343-347.
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  20. How Much Realism? Evolved Thinkers and Normative Concepts.Allan Gibbard - 2011 - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 6. Oxford University Press.
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  21.  24
    Choosing Normative Properties: A Reply to Eklund’s Choosing Normative Concepts.Stephanie Leary - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-20.
    ABSTRACTThe literature surrounding Horgan and Timmons’s Moral Twin Earth scenarios has focused on whether such scenarios present a metasemantic problem for naturalist realists. But in Choosing Norm...
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    Normative Concepts and Epistemological InternalismMetaepistemology and Skepticism. [REVIEW]Christopher J. Hookway & Richard Fumerton - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (4):907.
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    Matti Eklund: Choosing Normative Concepts: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Hardback € 45,12. 240 Pp.Sebastian Köhler - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (1):251-253.
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    Semantic Analyses of Normative Concepts.Franz Von Kutschera - 1975 - Erkenntnis 9 (2):195 - 218.
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    Semantic Analyses of Normative Concepts.Franz Kutschera - 1975 - Erkenntnis 9 (2):195-218.
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  26.  14
    Eklund, Matti. Choosing Normative Concepts. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. Pp. 224. $55.00.Sarah Zoe Raskoff - 2018 - Ethics 129 (1):122-127.
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    Anderson Alan Ross and Moore Omar Khayyam. The Formal Analysis of Normative Concepts. American Sociological Review, Vol. 22 , Pp. 9–17.Anderson Alan Ross. A Reduction of Deontic Logic to Alethic Modal Logic. Mind, N.S. Vol. 67 , Pp. 100–103.Anderson Alan Ross. The Logic of Norms. Logique Et Analyse , N.S. Vol. 1 , Pp. 84–91. [REVIEW]A. N. Prior - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (2):177-178.
  28.  8
    Review: Alan Ross Anderson, Omar Khayyam Moore, The Formal Analysis of Normative Concepts; Alan Ross Anderson, A Reduction of Deontic Logic to Alethic Modal Logic; Alan Ross Anderson, The Logic of Norms. [REVIEW]A. N. Prior - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (2):177-178.
  29.  96
    Conceptual History, Conceptual Ethics, and the Aims of Inquiry: A Framework for Thinking About the Relevance of the History/Genealogy of Concepts to Normative Inquiry.David Plunkett - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
    In this paper, I argue that facts about the history or genealogy of concepts (facts about what I call “conceptual history”) can matter for normative inquiry. I argue that normative and evaluative issues about concepts (such as issues about which concepts an agent should use, in a given context) matter for all forms of inquiry (including normative inquiry) and that conceptual history can help us when we engage in thinking about these normative and (...)
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    Normative Social Role Concepts in Early Childhood.Emily Foster‐Hanson & Marjorie Rhodes - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (8).
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  31. Corporate Social Responsiblity: Concepts and Normative Ethics.David Ohreen - 2012 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 6 (4):242-255.
    The history of the conceptualisation of social responsibility reveals three main themes: The profitability of SR, SR as stakeholder theory, and ethics as a force in SR. In this paper, I will argue that all three themes are philosophically unsound and rest on suspicious assumptions. First, there is little evidence that SR increases profits; second, stakeholder theory fails to give managers practical ethical decision-making skills; and, finally, ethics should not be viewed as a subset of social responsibility, but as central (...)
     
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    On the Normative Aspect of Concepts As Rules: An Essay on Kant’s Transcendental Deduction.Predrag Cicovacki - 1995 - Idealistic Studies 25 (1):25-49.
    Kant thought that the central question of the transcendental deduction, and perhaps of the entire Critique of Pure Reason, is what he calls the quid juris of categorial concepts. The quid juris is for him the question of the legitimate right of categories, that is, of non-empirical concepts like ‘substance’ and ‘cause’, to be employed in cognition.
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  33. The Formulation of Legal Concepts in Arbitration Normative Texts in a Multilingual, Multicultural Context.Maurizio Gotti - 2008 - In V. K. Bhatia, Christopher Candlin & Paola Evangelisti Allori (eds.), Language, Culture and the Law: The Formulation of Legal Concepts Across Systems and Cultures. Peter Lang.
     
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  34. The Formulation of Legal Concepts in Arbitration Normative Texts.Maurizio Gotti - 2008 - In V. K. Bhatia, Christopher Candlin & Paola Evangelisti Allori (eds.), Language, Culture and the Law: The Formulation of Legal Concepts Across Systems and Cultures. Peter Lang. pp. 23--46.
  35.  38
    On an Interpretive Definition of the Concepts of Value and of Their Descriptive and Normative Uses.Hans Lenk - 2006 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 9:77-90.
    Values are essentially interpretive: they can, even must be interpreted and can and should be understood as (somehow socially or personally standardized) interpretive constructs of a specific kind and according to different types to be distinguished and classified within an hierarchical typology. There is a special connection between values and actions as well as their characteristic of being related to their ascription to persons, goods, events etc. This connection is indeed covered, borne or carried out by interpretation. In fact, any (...)
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    Social Responsibility: Concepts and Normative Ethics.David Ohreen - 2012 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 6 (4):242.
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    On an Interpretive Definition of the Concepts of Value and of Their Descriptive and Normative Uses.Hans Lenk - 2006 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 9:77-90.
    Values are essentially interpretive: they can, even must be interpreted and can and should be understood as interpretive constructs of a specific kind and according to different types to be distinguished and classified within an hierarchical typology. There is a special connection between values and actions as well as their characteristic of being related to their ascription to persons, goods, events etc. This connection is indeed covered, borne or carried out by interpretation. In fact, any ascription of a value concept (...)
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  38. Normative and Recognitional Concepts.Allan Gibbard - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (1):151-167.
    I can ask myself what to do, and I can ask myself what I ought to do. Are these the same question? We can imagine conjuring up a distinction, I’m sure. Suppose, though, I just told you this: “I have figured out what I ought to do, and I have figured out what to do.” Would you understand immediately what distinction I was making? To do so, you would have to exercise ingenuity. I have in mind here an “all things (...)
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    Normative and Recognitional Concepts.Allan Gibbard - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (1):151-167.
    I can ask myself what to do, and I can ask myself what I ought to do. Are these the same question? We can imagine conjuring up a distinction, I’m sure. Suppose, though, I just told you this: “I have figured out what I ought to do, and I have figured out what to do.” Would you understand immediately what distinction I was making? To do so, you would have to exercise ingenuity. I have in mind here an “all things (...)
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    How Do People Use ‘Killing’, ‘Letting Die’ and Related Bioethical Concepts? Contrasting Descriptive and Normative Hypotheses.David Rodríguez‐Arias, Blanca Rodríguez López, Anibal Monasterio‐Astobiza & Ivar R. Hannikainen - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (5):509-518.
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    Fusion of Descriptive and Normative Propositions. The Concepts of 'Descriptive Proposition' and 'Normative Proposition' as Concepts of Degree.Svein Eng - 2000 - Ratio Juris 13 (3):236-260.
  42.  7
    Any Important Concept Within a Political Theory has a Systematic Connection with Other Concepts, Methodological and Normative Ones. Theoretical Order Provides a Measurement for Actual Political Conditions and an Agenda for Political Transformation. Inevitably, There is a Hiatus Between Theory and Fact. Nevertheless, a Proper Theory Provides a Sturdy General Account of Empirical Political Conditions and an Estimate of Human Capacity; in Addition, as an Agenda, Theory Provides a Basis for Moving Political Conditions by the Ingenuity of Statecraft. [REVIEW]Martin A. Bertman - forthcoming - Philosophical Frontiers: Essays and Emerging Thoughts.
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  43. The Conceptual Mind: New Directions in the Study of Concepts.Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.) - 2015 - MIT Press.
    The Conceptual Mind’s twenty-four newly commissioned essays cover the most important recent theoretical developments in the study of concepts, identifying and exploring the big ideas that will guide further research over the next decade. Topics include concepts and animals, concepts and the brain, concepts and evolution, concepts and perception, concepts and language, concepts across cultures, concept acquisition and conceptual change, concepts and normativity, concepts in context, and conceptual individuation.
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  44. The World is Not Enough.Nathan Robert Howard & N. G. Laskowski - forthcoming - Noûs.
    Throughout his career, Derek Parfit made the bold suggestion, at various times under the heading of the "Normativity Objection," that anyone in possession of normative concepts is in a position to know, on the basis of their competence with such concepts alone, that reductive realism in ethics is not even possible. Despite the prominent role that the Normativity Objection plays in Parfit's non-reductive account of the nature of normativity, when the objection hasn't been ignored, it's been criticized (...)
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  45. The Sense of Incredibility in Ethics.Nicholas Laskowski - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (1):93-115.
    It is often said that normative properties are “just too different” to reduce to other kinds of properties. This suggests that many philosophers find it difficult to believe reductive theses in ethics. I argue that the distinctiveness of the normative concepts we use in thinking about reductive theses offers a more promising explanation of this psychological phenomenon than the falsity of Reductive Realism. To identify the distinctiveness of normative concepts, I use resources from familiar Hybrid (...)
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  46. Conceptual Analysis in Metaethics.N. G. Laskowski & Stephen Finlay - 2017 - In Tristram McPherson & David Plunkett (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Metaethics. Routledge. pp. 536-551.
    A critical survey of various positions on the nature, use, possession, and analysis of normative concepts. We frame our treatment around G.E. Moore’s Open Question Argument, and the ways metaethicists have responded by departing from a Classical Theory of concepts. In addition to the Classical Theory, we discuss synthetic naturalism, noncognitivism (expressivist and inferentialist), prototype theory, network theory, and empirical linguistic approaches. Although written for a general philosophical audience, we attempt to provide a new perspective and highlight (...)
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  47. Epistemic Modesty in Ethics.Nicholas Laskowski - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (7):1577-1596.
    Many prominent ethicists, including Shelly Kagan, John Rawls, and Thomas Scanlon, accept a kind of epistemic modesty thesis concerning our capacity to carry out the project of ethical theorizing. But it is a thesis that has received surprisingly little explicit and focused attention, despite its widespread acceptance. After explaining why the thesis is true, I argue that it has several implications in metaethics, including, especially, implications that should lead us to rethink our understanding of Reductive Realism. In particular, the thesis (...)
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  48.  55
    Reply to Critics.Matti Eklund - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-27.
    Reply to Stephanie Leary’s, Kris McDaniel’s, Tristram McPherson’s and David Plunkett’s articles on Choosing Normative Concepts (OUP, 2017) in book symposium in Inquiry.
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    Reply to Bykvist and Olson.Matti Eklund - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (3):347-349.
    Reply to Krister Bykvist and Jonas Olson's review of Choosing Normative Concepts (OUP, 2017) in Utilitas.
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  50. Normative Judgments and Individual Essence.Julian De Freitas, Kevin P. Tobia, George E. Newman & Joshua Knobe - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S3).
    A growing body of research has examined how people judge the persistence of identity over time—that is, how they decide that a particular individual is the same entity from one time to the next. While a great deal of progress has been made in understanding the types of features that people typically consider when making such judgments, to date, existing work has not explored how these judgments may be shaped by normative considerations. The present studies demonstrate that normative (...)
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