Results for 'obstetrics'

78 found
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  1.  91
    Multiplying Obstetrics: Techniques of Surveillance and Forms of Coordination.Madeleine Akrich & Bernike Pasveer - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):63-83.
    The article argues against the common notion ofdisciplinary medical traditions, i.e. Obstetrics, asmacro-structures that quite unilinearily structure thepractices associated with the discipline. It shows that the various existences of Obstetrics, their relations with practices and vice versa, the entities these obstetrical practices render present and related, and the ways they are connected to experiences, are more complex than the unilinear model suggests. What allows participants to go from one topos to another – from Obstetrics to practice, from (...)
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  2.  17
    Concept of Defensive Medicine and Litigation Among Sudanese Doctors Working in Obstetrics and Gynecology.AbdelAziem A. Ali, Moawia E. Hummeida, Yasir A. M. Elhassan, Wisal O. M. Nabag, Mohammed Ahmed A. Ahmed & Gamal K. Adam - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-5.
    BackgroundObstetrics and gynaecology always has reputation for being a highly litigious. The field of obstetrics and gynaecology is surrounded by different circumstances that stimulate the doctors to practice defensive medicine.MethodsThis study was directed to assess the extent and the possible effect of defensive medicine phenomenon on medical decision making among different grades of obstetric and gynaecologic Sudanese doctors, and to determine any experience of medical litigations with respect to sources and factors associated with it.ResultsA total of 117 doctors were (...)
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  3.  7
    A Comparison of Medical Litigation Filed Against Obstetrics and Gynecology, Internal Medicine, and Surgery Departments.Tomoko Hamasaki & Akihito Hagihara - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):72.
    The aim of this study was to review the typical factors related to physician’s liability in obstetrics and gynecology departments, as compared to those in internal medicine and surgery, regarding a breach of the duty to explain.
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  4.  3
    Feasibility of an Ethics and Professionalism Curriculum for Faculty in Obstetrics and Gynecology: A Pilot Study.Lori-Linell Hollins, Marilena Wolf, Brian Mercer & Kavita Shah Arora - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2018-105189.
    ObjectiveThere have been increased efforts to implement medical ethics curricula at the student and resident levels; however, practising physicians are often left unconsidered. Therefore, we sought to pilot an ethics and professionalism curriculum for faculty in obstetrics and gynaecology to remedy gaps in the formal, informal and hidden curriculum in medical education.MethodsAn ethics curriculum was developed for faculty within the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at a tertiary care, academic hospital. During the one-time, 4-hour, mandatory in-person session, the (...)
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  5.  9
    An Experimental Case-Conference Programme for Obstetrics and Gynaecology Clinical Students.H. ten Have & G. Essed - 1989 - Journal of Medical Ethics 15 (2):94-98.
    Since the founding of the University of Limburg (1974), in The Netherlands, an innovative medical curriculum has been guided by educational principles of problem-orientation, continuous assessment, student initiative and attitude development. The teaching of medical ethics was built into the preclinical curriculum from the start. However, the clinical years remained largely unaffected, and only recently has an effort been made to extend the educational philosophy to this more or less traditional part of medical education. Within this context, an experiment of (...)
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  6.  20
    Concept of Defensive Medicine and Litigation Among Sudanese Doctors Working in Obstetrics and Gynecology.A. Ali AbdelAziem, E. Hummeida Moawia, A. M. Elhassan Yasir, O. M. Nabag Wisal, A. Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed & K. Adam Gamal - forthcoming - Most Recent Articles: Bmc Medical Ethics.
    Obstetrics and gynaecology always has reputation for being a highly litigious. The field of obstetrics and gynaecology is surrounded by different circumstances that stimulate the doctors to practice defensive..
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  7.  18
    Ethics in Obstetrics and Gynecology.Laurence B. McCullough, Frank A. Chervenak & Susan M. Scott - 1995 - HEC Forum 7 (6):379-380.
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  8.  20
    Zwischen „Natürlicher Geburt” Und „Wunschsectio”– Zum Problem der Selbstbestimmtheit in der Geburtshilfe”Natural Birth” or ”Cesarean Section on Demand”– Some Reflections on Self-Determination in Obstetrics.Gisela Bockenheimer-Lucius - 2002 - Ethik in der Medizin 14 (3):186-200.
    Definition of the problem. During the last few years obstetricians have become concerned over an increasing rate of cesarean sections, especially an increasing rate of ”section on demand” for non-medical, but personal reasons of pregnant women. For physicians this is a question of risks and benefits for both mother and child. On the other hand, there is the duty to respect women’s autonomy. Arguments. Pregnant women are healthy and the act of giving birth to a child is a physiological one. (...)
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  9.  6
    Value‐Based Health Care in Obstetrics.Kim Van Den Berg, Lea Magdalena Dijksman, Samyra Hermione Jessica Keus, Fedde Scheele & Maria Gabriel Van Pampus - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  10.  8
    A Trial of a Reproductive Ethics and Law Curriculum for Obstetrics and Gynaecology Residents.K. S. Arora - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (12):854-856.
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  11.  4
    Exceptional Deliveries: Home Births as Ethical Anomalies in American Obstetrics.C. L. Wendland - 2013 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 24 (3):253-265.
    Interest in home birth appears to be growing among American women, and most obstetricians can expect to encounter patients who are considering home birth. In 2011, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists issued an opinion statement intended to guide obstetricians in responding to such patients. In this article, I examine the ACOG statement in light of the historical and contemporary clinical realities surrounding home birth in the United States, an examination guided in part by my own experiences as an (...)
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  12.  2
    Pregnancy, Obstetrics and the Moral Status of the Fetus.R. Gillon - 1988 - Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (1):3-4.
  13.  14
    " Bare-Handed" Medicine and Its Elusive Patients: The Unstable Construction of Pregnant Women and Fetuses in Dominican Obstetrics Discourse.Ana Teresa Ortiz - 1997 - Feminist Studies 23 (2):263.
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  14.  10
    First Steps in Preventive EthicsEthics in Obstetrics and Gynecology.Joan C. Callahan, Laurence B. McCullough & Frank A. Chervenak - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (2):45.
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  15.  25
    The Ulysses Contract in Obstetrics: A Woman's Choices Before and During Labour.P. Burcher - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (1):27-30.
    Women recognise that labour represents a mind-altering event that may affect their ability to make and communicate decisions and choices. For this reason, birth plans and other pre-labour directives can represent a form of Ulysses contract: an attempt to make binding choices before the sometimes overwhelming circumstances of labour. These choices need to be respected during labour, but despite the reduced decisional and communicative capacity of a labouring woman, her choices, when clear, should supersede decisions made before labour.
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  16.  2
    Defensive Caesarean Section: A Reality and a Recommended Health Care Improvement for Romanian Obstetrics.Cringu Antoniu Ionescu, Mihai Dimitriu, Elena Poenaru, Mihai Bănacu, Gheorghe Otto Furău, Dan Navolan & Liana Ples - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (1):111-116.
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  17.  9
    Classical Contributions to Obstetrics and GynecologyHerbert Thoms.M. F. Ashley-Montagu - 1936 - Isis 25 (1):174-175.
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  18.  21
    Fat Chance Getting an Obstetrician in South Florida? Ethics and Discrimination in Obstetrics and Gynecology.Glenn McGee - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (6):1 - 2.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 6, Page 1-2, June 2011.
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  19.  13
    Emergency Drills in Obstetrics. &Na - 2007 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 9 (1):17-18.
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  20.  8
    Aetii Amideni Libri Medicinales V-VIII. Alexander OlivieriAëtios of Amida: The Gynaecology and Obstetrics of the VIth Century A.D.James V. Ricci. [REVIEW]George Sarton - 1951 - Isis 42 (2):150-152.
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  21.  9
    Ethics in Obstetrics and Gynecology.B. Almond - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (3):190-190.
  22.  9
    Aetii Amideni Libri Medicinales V-VIII by Alexander Olivieri; Aëtios of Amida: The Gynaecology and Obstetrics of the VIth Century A.D. By James V. Ricci. [REVIEW]George Sarton - 1951 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 42:150-152.
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  23.  7
    Obstetrics and Gynaecology in Tudor and Stuart EnglandAudrey Eccles.Harold J. Cook - 1983 - Isis 74 (3):444-445.
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  24.  7
    Helen King. Midwifery, Obstetrics, and the Rise of Gynaecology: The Uses of a Sixteenth‐Century Compendium. X + 228 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007. $99.95. [REVIEW]Katharine Park - 2009 - Isis 100 (3):650-651.
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  25.  10
    From Witchcraft to Wisdom: A History of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in the British Isles.Richard Barnett - 2009 - Annals of Science 66 (4):561-563.
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  26.  6
    The Lawyer's Perspective on the Use of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.Albert L. Bundy & A. Everette James - 1985 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (5):219-224.
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  27.  5
    The History of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Michael J. O'Dowd, Elliot E. Philipp.Helen Rodnite Lemay - 1995 - Isis 86 (4):624-625.
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  28.  6
    Critical Events in Obstetrics: A Confidential Enquiry in Four High‐Level Maternities of the AURORE Perinatal Network.Corinne Dupont, Sandrine Touzet, René-Charles Rudigoz, Philippe Audra, Pascal Gaucherand & Cyrille Colin - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):165-168.
  29.  11
    The Lawyer's Perspective on the Use of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology.Albert L. Bundy & A. Everette James - 1985 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (5):219-224.
  30.  6
    Progress in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Volume 2. Edited by Studd John. (Churchill Livingstone, 1982.).S. L. Barron - 1983 - Journal of Biosocial Science 15 (2):249-250.
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  31.  4
    ""Natural Birth" or" Cesarean Section on Demand"-Some Reflections on Self-Determination in Obstetrics.Gisela Bockenheimer-Lucius - 2002 - Ethik in der Medizin 14 (3):186-200.
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  32.  4
    Medical Ethics in Obstetrics : A French Experiment.Patrick Leblanc & Pierre-Olivier Arduin - 2010 - In Tyler N. Pace (ed.), Bioethics: Issues and Dilemmas. Nova Science Publishers.
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  33.  5
    Emergency Drills in Obstetrics.Sherrill S. Sorensen - 2007 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 9 (1):9-16.
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  34.  3
    Chapters in American Obstetrics. Herbert Thoms.C. D. Leake - 1934 - Isis 20 (2):503-504.
  35. Ethics in Obstetrics and Gynecology by McCullough, Lb, Chervenak, Fa (Vol 21, Pg 190, 1995).B. Almond - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (5):318-318.
     
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  36.  3
    Oxytocin and the Augmentation of Labor.Peter Curtis - 1993 - Human Nature 4 (4):351-366.
    At least a third of the women giving birth in the United States receive intravenous oxytocin for the induction and augmentation of labor. The problem of inactive or ineffective labor remains a major challenge for birth attendants, midwives, and physicians who practice obstetrics. Before the discovery of oxytocin, traditional approaches to augmentation ranged from magical and folk interventions to extensive bloodletting. Despite its wide use the effectiveness of oxytocin augmentation has not been well studied, and current research raises new (...)
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  37.  28
    Medicalization and Obstetric Care: An Analysis of Developments in Dutch Midwifery.Anke D. J. Smeenk & Henk A. M. J. ten Have - 2003 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (2):153-165.
    The Dutch system of obstetric care is often recommended for midwife-attended births, the high number of home deliveries, and the low rate of intervention during pregnancy and labour. In this contribution, the question is addressed whether processes of medicalization can be demonstrated in the Dutch midwife practice. Medicalization of pregnancy and childbirth is often criticized because it creates dependency on the medical system and infringement of the autonomy of pregnant women. It is concluded that medicalization is present in the practice (...)
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  38.  21
    Are There Morally Relevant Differences Between Hymen Restoration and Bloodless Treatment for Jehovah’s Witnesses?Niklas Juth & Niels Lynøe - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):89.
    Hymen reconstruction is a controversial measure performed to help young females under threat of honour-related violence. Official guidelines often reject offering hymen reconstructions. On the other hand, extraordinary measures in order to enable operations of Jehovah’s Witnesses who want a bloodless operation in order to avoid religiously related sanctions are often considered praiseworthy. The aim is thus to examine whether or not there are relevant differences between these two measures.
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  39. Human Subjects in Medical Experimentation: A Sociological Study of the Conduct and Regulation of Clinical Research.Bradford H. Gray - 1981 - R.E. Krieger Pub. Co..
     
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  40.  7
    Exploring Perinatal Shift-to-Shift Handover Communication and Process: An Observational Study.Else P. Poot, Martine C. de Bruijne, Maurice G. A. J. Wouters, Christianne J. M. de Groot & Cordula Wagner - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (2):166-175.
  41.  2
    „Das Buch darf nicht außerhalb der Zeit stehen“. Frauenheilkunde und Zensur in der Sowjetischen Besatzungszone und DDR.Igor J. Polianski - 2019 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 42 (2-3):259-270.
    Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, EarlyView.
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  42.  25
    Monstrous Births and Medical Networks: Debates Over Forensic Evidence, Generation Theory, and Obstetrical Authority in France, Ca. 1780-1815.Sean Quinlan - 2009 - Early Science and Medicine 14 (5):599-629.
    In France between 1780 and 1815, doctors opened a broad correspondence with medical faculties and public officials about foetal anomalies . Institutional and legal reforms forced doctors to encounter monstrous births with greater frequency, and they responded by developing new ideas about heredity and embryology to explain malformations to public officials. Though doctors achieved consensus on pathogenesis, they struggled to apply these ideas in forensic cases, especially with doubtful sex. Medical networks simultaneously allowed doctors to explore obstetrical techniques, as licensing (...)
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  43. The Custom-Made Child? Women-Centered Perspectives.Helen B. Holmes, Betty B. Hoskins & Michael Gross - 1981
  44.  8
    When Doctors Deny Drugs: Sexism and Contraception Access in the Medical Field.J. B. Delston - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (9):703-710.
    Politicians, employers, courts, and health insurance companies are often discussed as problematically preventing access to birth control. However, doctors have more direct control over women's health and quietly have been much more effective at preventing patients' access to contraception. Obstetrician/Gynecologists routinely deny their patients access to contraception ostensibly in the name of health by withholding birth control until patients undergo yearly pap smears. I argue that those in the medical field are motivated by similarly sexist concerns as those in other (...)
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  45.  13
    Imagining Reproduction: The Politics of Reproduction, Technology and the Woman Machine. [REVIEW]Allison Muri - 2010 - Journal of Medical Humanities 31 (1):53-67.
    Scholars widely assume that the term generation, is preferable to reproduction in the context of early modern history, based on the premise that reproduction to mean procreation was not in use until the end of the eighteenth century. This shift in usage presumably corresponds to the rise of mechanistic philosophy; feminist scholarship, particularly that deriving from the hostile critique fashionable in the 1980s has claimed reproduction is associated with medical practitioners’ perceptions of women as baby-producing machines. However, this interpretation, whether (...)
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  46. Moral Problems in Hospital Practise. Finney, A. Patrick & [From Old Catalog] - 1956 - St. Louis, Herder.
     
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  47.  6
    Ultrasound’s ‘Window on the Womb’ Brings Ethical Challenges for Balancing Maternal and Fetal Health Interests: Obstetricians’ Experiences in Australia.Kristina Edvardsson, Rhonda Small, Ann Lalos, Margareta Persson & Ingrid Mogren - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):31.
    Obstetric ultrasound has become a significant tool in obstetric practice, however, it has been argued that its increasing use may have adverse implications for women’s reproductive freedom. This study aimed to explore Australian obstetricians’ experiences and views of the use of obstetric ultrasound both in relation to clinical management of complicated pregnancy, and in situations where maternal and fetal health interests conflict.
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  48.  4
    The Temporal Stage Fallacy: A Novel Statistical Fallacy in the Medical Literature. [REVIEW]David Shier & J. Lee Tilson - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (2):243-247.
    Celebrated for disproving the traditional view that lack of oxygen at birth (perinatal asphyxia) contributes significantly to cerebral palsy, a 1986 New England Journal of Medicine article by Karin Nelson and Jonas Ellenberg engineered a new consensus in the medical community: that lack of oxygen at birth rarely causes cerebral palsy. We demonstrate that the article's central argument relies on straightforwardly fallacious statistical reasoning, and we discuss significant implications -- e.g. how carefully fetuses are monitored during labor and delivery, expert (...)
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  49. Human Dignity and Medicine: Proceedings of the Fukui Bioethics Seminar Held in Fukui, Japan, 10-12 April 1987.Jean Bernard, Kinʼichirō Kajikawa & Norio Fujiki (eds.) - 1988 - Excerpta Medica.
     
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  50. Ethical Issues in Human Enhancement.Nick Bostrom & Rebecca Roache - 2007 - In J. Ryberg, T. Petersen & C. Wolf (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 120--152.
    Human enhancement has emerged in recent years as a blossoming topic in applied ethics. With continuing advances in science and technology, people are beginning to realize that some of the basic parameters of the human condition might be changed in the future. One important way in which the human condition could be changed is through the enhancement of basic human capacities. If this becomes feasible within the lifespan of many people alive today, then it is important now to consider the (...)
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