Results for 'organisms'

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  1. Organ donation and transplantation.Human Organs & Substituted Judgement Doctrine - 1984 - Bioethics Reporter 1 (1).
     
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  2.  5
    The Self in Its Worlds: East and West.Troy Wilson Organ - 1988
    Using the term world to mean a creative response to objective reality, this book considers the ways in which Eastern and Western peoples construct their natural, social, aesthetic, and religious worlds. It points the way to a view of Eastern and Western as complementary, rather than contradictory, descriptions.
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  3.  10
    The Language of Mysticism.Troy Organ - 1963 - The Monist 47 (3):417-443.
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  4.  10
    Philosophy and the Self: East and West.Troy Wilson Organ - 1992 - Philosophy East and West 42 (3):536-538.
  5. Crito Apologizes.Troy Wilson Organ - 1957 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 38 (4):366.
  6.  30
    From Those to Whom Much Has Been Given, Much is Expected.Jerry Organ - 2004 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 1 (2):361-415.
  7.  10
    Catholic Social Teaching and Its Impact on American Law.Jerry Organ - 2004 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 1 (2):277-312.
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  8.  33
    Hinduism, Its Historical Development.Troy Wilson Organ - 1976 - Philosophy East and West 26 (3):348-351.
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  9.  14
    Indian Aesthetics: Its Techniques and Assumptions.Troy Organ - 1975 - The Journal of Aesthetic Education 9 (1):11.
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  10. Ohio University.Troy Organ - 1995 - In S. Radhakrishnan, Rama Rao Pappu & S. S. (eds.), New Essays in the Philosophy of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Sri Satguru Publications. pp. 6--75.
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  11.  5
    Philosophy for the Left Hand.Troy Wilson Organ - 1990 - Peter Lang.
    Essays originally published ca. 1949-1989.
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  12. "Physis" [Greek] and "Aphysis" [Greek] in Aristotle.Troy Organ - 1975 - The Thomist 39 (3):475.
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  13.  15
    Radhakrishnan and the Ways of Oneness of East and West.Troy Wilson Organ - 1992 - Philosophy East and West 42 (1):202-202.
  14.  25
    Rejoinder to Robert A. McDermott's Reply.Trox Organ - 1976 - Philosophy East and West 26 (4):489 - 492.
  15. The art of critical thinking.Troy Wilson Organ - 1965 - Boston,: Houghton Mifflin.
  16. The Anatomy of Violence.Troy Organ - 1970 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 51 (4):417.
  17.  8
    Third Eye Philosophy: Essays in East-West Thought.Troy Wilson Organ - 1989 - Philosophy East and West 39 (4):511-513.
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  18.  29
    Technologist engagement with risk management practices during systems development? Approaches, effectiveness and challenges.John Organ & Larry Stapleton - 2016 - AI and Society 31 (3):347-359.
  19.  6
    The Hindu Images of Man.Troy Organ - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 4:655-663.
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  20.  34
    The Language of Mysticism.Troy Organ - 1963 - The Monist 47 (3):417-443.
  21.  3
    The One: East and West.Troy Wilson Organ - 1991 - Upa.
    Invites the reader to examine the concept of the One in several complex cultural and philosophical mileux. The uniqueness of the study is its collation of Eastern and Western sources and systems.
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  22.  13
    The self as discovery and creation in Western and Indian philosophy.Troy Organ - 1968 - In P. T. Raju & Alburey Castell (eds.), East-West Studies on the Problem of the Self. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. pp. 163--176.
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  23. The Self in Indian Philosophy.Troy Wilson Organ - 1964 - Mouton.
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  24.  11
    Understanding and Being.Troy Organ - 1988 - Philosophy in Context 18:62-67.
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  25.  25
    What Is an Individual?Troy Organ - 1965 - International Philosophical Quarterly 5 (4):666-676.
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  26.  7
    What Is an Individual?Troy Organ - 1965 - International Philosophical Quarterly 5 (4):666-676.
  27.  2
    An index to Aristotle in English translation.Troy Wilson Organ - 1964 - New York,: Gordian Press.
  28.  4
    The silence of the Buddha.Troy Wilson Organ - 1954 - Philosophy East and West 4 (2):125-140.
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  29.  3
    The status of the self in Aurobindo's metaphysics: And some questions.Troy Wilson Organ - 1962 - Philosophy East and West 12 (2):135-151.
  30.  24
    Polarity, a neglected insight in indian philosophy.Troy Organ - 1976 - Philosophy East and West 26 (1):33-39.
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  31.  18
    Randall's interpretation of Aristotle's unmoved mover.Troy Organ - 1962 - Philosophical Quarterly 12 (49):297-305.
  32. Werner Marx: "Introduction to Aristotle's Theory of Being as Being". [REVIEW]Troy Organ - 1979 - The Thomist 43 (3):501.
     
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  33. What’s so special about model organisms?Rachel A. Ankeny & Sabina Leonelli - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):313-323.
    This paper aims to identify the key characteristics of model organisms that make them a specific type of model within the contemporary life sciences: in particular, we argue that the term “model organism” does not apply to all organisms used for the purposes of experimental research. We explore the differences between experimental and model organisms in terms of their material and epistemic features, and argue that it is essential to distinguish between their representational scope and representational target. (...)
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  34.  22
    Extended phenotypes and extended organisms.J. Scott Turner - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (3):327-352.
    Phenotype, whether conventional or extended, is defined as a reflectionof an underlying genotype. Adaptation and the natural selection thatfollows from it depends upon a progressively harmonious fit betweenphenotype and environment. There is in Richard Dawkins' notion ofthe extended phenotype a paradox that seems to undercut conventionalviews of adaptation, natural selection and adaptation. In a nutshell, ifthe phenotype includes an organism's environment, how then can theorganism adapt to itself? The paradox is resolvable through aphysiological, as opposed to a genetic, theory of (...)
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  35.  50
    Problems of multi-species organisms: endosymbionts to holobionts.David C. Queller & Joan E. Strassmann - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):855-873.
    The organism is one of the fundamental concepts of biology and has been at the center of many discussions about biological individuality, yet what exactly it is can be confusing. The definition that we find generally useful is that an organism is a unit in which all the subunits have evolved to be highly cooperative, with very little conflict. We focus on how often organisms evolve from two or more formerly independent organisms. Two canonical transitions of this type—replicators (...)
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  36.  33
    Between pebbles and organisms: weaving autonomy into the Markov blanket.Thomas van Es & Michael D. Kirchhoff - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):6623-6644.
    The free energy principle is sometimes put forward as accounting for biological self-organization and cognition. It states that for a system to maintain non-equilibrium steady-state with its environment it can be described as minimising its free energy. It is said to be entirely scale-free, applying to anything from particles to organisms, and interactive machines, spanning from the abiotic to the biotic. Because the FEP is so general in its application, one might wonder whether this framework can capture anything specific (...)
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  37. International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects. Geneva: CIOMS, 2002. 16. Resnik DB. The Ethics of HIV Research in Developing Nations. [REVIEW]Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences - 1998 - Bioethics 12:286-206.
     
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  38. Organization needs organization: Understanding integrated control in living organisms.Leonardo Bich & William Bechtel - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 93:96-106.
    Organization figures centrally in the understanding of biological systems advanced by both new mechanists and proponents of the autonomy framework. The new mechanists focus on how components of mechanisms are organized to produce a phenomenon and emphasize productive continuity between these components. The autonomy framework focuses on how the components of a biological system are organized in such a way that they contribute to the maintenance of the organisms that produce them. In this paper we analyze and compare these (...)
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  39. Kant on understanding organisms as natural purposes.Hannah Ginsborg - 2001 - In Eric Watkins (ed.), Kant and the Sciences. New York, US: Oxford University Press. pp. 231--58.
  40. How to confuse organisms with mousetraps: Machine metaphors and intelligent design.Doren Recker - 2010 - Zygon 45 (3):647-664.
    Why do design arguments—particularly those emphasizing machine metaphors such as “Organisms and/or their parts are machines”—continue to be so convincing to so many people after they have been repeatedly refuted? In this essay I review various interpretations and refutations of design arguments and make a distinction between rationally refuting such arguments (RefutingR) and rendering them psychologically unconvincing (RefutingP). Expanding on this distinction, I provide support from recent work on the cognitive power of metaphors and developmental psychological work indicating a (...)
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  41.  50
    Levels in Biological Organisms: Hierarchy of Production Mechanisms, Heterarchy of Control Mechanisms.William Bechtel - 2022 - The Monist 105 (2):156-174.
    Among the notions of levels invoked in accounts of biological phenomena, I focus on two: levels of production mechanisms and levels of control mechanisms. I argue that these two notions of level exhibit different characteristics: production mechanisms are organized hierarchically while control mechanisms are often organized heterarchically. I illustrate the differences in these modes of organization by examining production and control mechanisms involved in cell division in Escherichia coli and in circulation of blood in mammals. I conclude by exploring how (...)
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  42. Reflections on a theory of organisms: holism in biology.Walter M. Elsasser - 1987 - Baltimore, Md: Published for the Johns Hopkins Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences by the Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Are living organisms--as Descartes argued--just machines? Or is the nature of life such that it can never be fully explained by mechanistic models? In this thought-provoking and controversial book, eminent geophysicist Walter M. Elsasser argues that the behavior of living organisms cannot be reduced to physico-chemical causality. Suggesting that molecular biology today is at the same point as Newtonian physics on the eve of the quantum revolution, Elsasser lays the foundation for a theoretical biology that points the way (...)
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  43.  30
    Historiographic reflections on model organisms: Or how the mureaucracy may be limiting our understanding of contemporary genetics and genomics.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2010 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 32 (1).
  44.  6
    Why do cancer cells break from host circadian rhythm? Insights from unicellular organisms.Aliaa A. Alamoudi - 2021 - Bioessays 43 (4):2000205.
    It is not clear why cancer cells choose to disrupt their circadian clock rhythms, and whether such disruption governs a selective fitness and a survival advantage. In this review, I focus on understanding the impacts of clock gene disruption on a simpler model, such as the unicellular cyanobacterium, in order to explain how cancer cells may alter the circadian rhythm to reprogram their metabolism based on their needs and status. It appears to be that the activation of the oxidative pentose (...)
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  45.  34
    How Many Organisms during a Pregnancy?Jonathan Grose - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (5):1049-1060.
    Mammalian placental pregnancy is a neglected problem case for theories of organismality. This example is closer to home than those typically discussed within philosophy of biology. I apply evolutio...
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  46.  75
    Organisational closure in biological organisms.Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno - 2010 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.
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  47. Structural Powers and the Homeodynamic Unity of Organisms.Christopher J. Austin & Anna Marmodoro - 2017 - In William M. R. Simpson, Robert C. Koons & Nicholas J. Teh (eds.), Neo-Aristotelian Perspectives on Contemporary Science. Routledge. pp. 169-184.
    Although they are continually compositionally reconstituted and reconfigured, organisms nonetheless persist as ontologically unified beings over time – but in virtue of what? A common answer is: in virtue of their continued possession of the capacity for morphological invariance which persists through, and in spite of, their mereological alteration. While we acknowledge that organisms‟ capacity for the “stability of form” – homeostasis - is an important aspect of their diachronic unity, we argue that this capacity is derived from, (...)
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  48. The good of non-sentient entities: Organisms, artifacts, and synthetic biology.John Basl & Ronald Sandler - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):697-705.
    Synthetic organisms are at the same time organisms and artifacts. In this paper we aim to determine whether such entities have a good of their own, and so are candidates for being directly morally considerable. We argue that the good of non-sentient organisms is grounded in an etiological account of teleology, on which non-sentient organisms can come to be teleologically organized on the basis of their natural selection etiology. After defending this account of teleology, we argue (...)
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  49.  63
    3 Species and Organisms: What Are the Problems?Ellen Clarke & Samir Okasha - 2013 - In Frédéric Bouchard & Philippe Huneman (eds.), From Groups to Individuals: Evolution and Emerging Individuality. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. pp. 55.
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  50.  23
    Revisiting Hans Böker’s "Species Transformation Through Reconstruction: Reconstruction Through Active Reaction of Organisms".Alejandro Fábregas-Tejeda, Abigail Nieves Delgado & Jan Baedke - 2021 - Biological Theory 16 (2):63-75.
    Against the common historiographic narratives of evolutionary biology, the first decades of the 20th century were theoretically far richer than usually assumed. This especially refers to the hitherto neglected role that early theoretical biologists played in introducing visionary research perspectives and concepts before the institutionalization of the Modern Synthesis. Here, we present one of these scholars, the German theoretical biologist and ecomorphologist Hans Böker, by reviewing his 1935 paper “Artumwandlung durch Umkonstruktion, Umkonstruktion durch aktives Reagieren der Organismen”, published in the (...)
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