Results for 'origin of life'

999 found
Order:
  1. The Creative Matrix of the Origins Dynamisms, Forces and the Shaping of Life.Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, World Institute for Advanced Phenomenological Research and Learning & International Congress of Phenomenology/Philosophy and the Sciences Of Life - 2002
  2.  86
    The Badness of Death and the Goodness of Life.Goodness Of Life - 2013 - In Fred Feldman Ben Bradley (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Death.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. A Review Of:“Information Theory, Evolution and the Origin of Life as a Digital Message How Life Resembles a Computer” Second Edition. Hubert P. Yockey, 2005, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 400 Pages, Index; Hardcover, US $60.00; ISBN: 0-521-80293-8. [REVIEW]Attila Grandpierre - 2006 - World Futures 62 (5):401-403.
    Information Theory, Evolution and The Origin ofLife: The Origin and Evolution of Life as a Digital Message: How Life Resembles a Computer, Second Edition. Hu- bert P. Yockey, 2005, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 400 pages, index; hardcover, US $60.00; ISBN: 0-521-80293-8. The reason that there are principles of biology that cannot be derived from the laws of physics and chemistry lies simply in the fact that the genetic information content of the genome for constructing even the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  14
    Competing Research Programmes on the Origin of Life.Juan Manuel Torres - 1996 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 27 (2):325-346.
    During the course of its short history the discipline concerned with the origin of life has given birth to several scientific programmes in the Lakatosian sense, two of the most prominent and widespread being those initiated by Oparin (life began from protein entities) and Muller-Haldane (life began from genetic entities). The present paper sets down the bases for the rational reconstruction of both views by identifying their hard core and some of their successive developments. An assessment (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  73
    An Interpretive Review of the Origin of Life Research.David Penny - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (4):633-671.
    Life appears to be a natural property of matter, but the problem of its origin only arose after early scientists refuted continuous spontaneous generation. There is no chance of life arising ‘all at once’, we need the standard scientific incremental explanation with large numbers of small steps, an approach used in both physical and evolutionary sciences. The necessity for considering both theoretical and experimental approaches is emphasized. After describing basic principles that are available (including the Darwin-Eigen cycle), (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  6.  20
    Energy and Semiotics: The Second Law and the Origin of Life.Stanley Salthe - 2005 - Cosmos and History 1 (1):128-145.
    After deconstructing the thermodynamic concepts of work and waste, I take up Howard Odum’s idea of energy quality, which tallies the overall amount of energy needed to be dissipated in order to accomplish some work of interest. This was developed from economic considerations that give obvious meaning to the work accomplished. But the energy quality idea can be used to import meaning more generally into Nature. It could be viewed as projecting meaning back from any marked work into preceding energy (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7.  9
    Biology Teachers’ Conceptions About the Origin of Life in Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay: A Comparative Study.Heslley Machado Silva, Pierre Clément, Isabela Maria Silva Leão, Tiago Valentim Garros & Graça Simões Carvalho - 2017 - Zygon 52 (4):943-961.
    Teachers’ conceptions about the origin of life in three Latin American countries with contrasting levels of secularism were analyzed: Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. A European survey questionnaire was used and the interpretation of the results drew on Barbour's four categories concerning the relationships of science and religion. A large majority of Argentinian and Uruguayan teachers were clearly evolutionist, even when believing in God, with no difference between Argentina and Uruguay. The majority of Brazilian teachers assumed a religious position (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. The Origin of Cellular Life and Biosemiotics.Attila Grandpierre - 2013 - Biosemiotics (3):1-15.
    Recent successes of systems biology clarified that biological functionality is multilevel. We point out that this fact makes it necessary to revise popular views about macromolecular functions and distinguish between local, physico-chemical and global, biological functions. Our analysis shows that physico-chemical functions are merely tools of biological functionality. This result sheds new light on the origin of cellular life, indicating that in evolutionary history, assignment of biological functions to cellular ingredients plays a crucial role. In this wider picture, (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  6
    Носители жизни: происхождение и эволюция (The Carriers of Life: Origin and Evolution).Sergey G. Fedosin - 2007
    ISBN 978-5-86007-556-6. (in Russian). -/- In the book we can find the analysis of some closely related problems – of the origin and essence of life, the universal world process and the global evolution. Examination of fractal nature of carriers through the distribution of terrestrial and space objects on the steps of scale staircase, depending on the masses and sizes, shows an appropriate relationship with the masses and sizes of live organisms. One of the conclusions is the complementarity (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Origin of Life. The Role of Experiments, Basic Beliefs, and Social Authorities in the Controversies About the Spontaneous Generation of Life and the Subsequent Debates About Synthesizing Life in the Laboratory.Deichmann Ute - 2012 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 34 (3):341-360.
    For centuries the question of the origin of life had focused on the question of the spontaneous generation of life, at least primitive forms of life, from inanimate matter, an idea that had been promoted most prominently by Aristotle. The widespread belief in spontaneous generation, which had been adopted by the Church, too, was finally abandoned at the beginning of the twentieth century, when the question of the origin of life became related to that (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  31
    Naturalism, Theism, and the Origin of Life.Joseph E. Earley - 1998 - Process Studies 27 (3-4):267-279.
    Alvin Plantinga and Phillip E. Johnson strongly attack "metaphysical naturalism", a doctrine based, in part, on Darwinian concepts. They claim that this doctrine dominates American academic, educational, and legal thought, and that it is both erroneous and pernicious. Stuart Kauffman claims that currently accepted versions of Darwinian evolutionary theory are radically incomplete, that they should be supplemented by explicit recognition of the importance of coherent structures — the prevalence of "order for free". Both of these developments are here interpreted in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  47
    Explaining the Origin of Life is Not Enough for a Definition of Life.Gerard Jagers op Akkerhuis - 2011 - Foundations of Science 16 (4):327-329.
    The comments focus on a presumed circular reasoning in the operator hierarchy and the necessity of understanding life’s origin for defining life. Below it is shown that its layered structure prevents the operator hierarchy from circular definitions. It is argued that the origin of life is an insufficient basis for a definition of life that includes multicellular and neural network organisms.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13. On the Origin of Species: By Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.Charles Darwin - 2008 - Sterling.
    Familiarity with Charles Darwin's treatise on evolution is essential to every well-educated individual. One of the most important books ever published--and a continuing source of controversy, a century and a half later--this classic of science is reproduced in a facsimile of the critically acclaimed first edition.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   253 citations  
  14.  74
    The Argument From Biogenesis: Probabilities Against a Natural Origin of Life[REVIEW]R. C. Carrier - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (5):739-764.
    No evidence exists that the accidental origin of life is too improbable to have occurred naturally, but there are numerous attempts to argue so. Dizzying statistics are cited to show that a god had to be responsible. This paper identifies the Argument from Biogenesis, then explains why all these arguments so far fail, and what would actually have to be done to make such an argument succeed. Describes seven general types of error, with examples. Includes a table of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  15.  42
    A General Definition of Interpretation and its Application to Origin of Life Research.Andrew Robinson & Christopher Southgate - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (2):163-181.
    We draw on Short’s work on Peirce’s theory of signs to propose a new general definition of interpretation. Short argues that Peirce’s semiotics rests on his naturalised teleology. Our proposal extends Short’s work by modifying his definition of interpretation so as to make it more generally applicable to putatively interpretative processes in biological systems. We use our definition as the basis of an account of different kinds of misinterpretation and we discuss some questions raised by the definition by reference to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  16.  22
    Two Approaches to the Study of the Origin of Life.R. Hengeveld - 2007 - Acta Biotheoretica 55 (2):97-131.
    This paper compares two approaches that attempt to explain the origin of life, or biogenesis. The more established approach is one based on chemical principles, whereas a new, yet not widely known approach begins from a physical perspective. According to the first approach, life would have begun with—often organic—compounds. After having developed to a certain level of complexity and mutual dependence within a non-compartmentalised organic soup, they would have assembled into a functioning cell. In contrast, the second, (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  17.  75
    Interpretation and the Origin of Life.Christopher Southgate & Andrew Robinson - 2010 - Zygon 45 (2):345-360.
    We offer a general definition of interpretation based on a naturalized teleology. The definition tests and extends the biosemiotic paradigm by seeking to provide a philosophically robust resource for investigating the possible role of semiosis (processes of representation and interpretation) in biological systems. We show that our definition provides a way of understanding various possible kinds of misinterpretation, illustrate the definition using examples at the cellular and subcellular level, and test the definition by applying it to a potential counterexample. We (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  18. Origin of Life: A Consequence of Cosmic Energy, Redox Homeostasis and Quantum Phenomenon.Contzen Pereira & J. Shashi Kiran Reddy - unknown
    Origin of life on earth transpired once and from then on, it emerges as an endless eternal process. Matter and energy are constants of the cosmos and the hypothesis is that the origin of life is a moment when these constants intertwined or interacted. Energy from the cosmos interacted with inorganic matter to support matter with retention of this riveted energy, as energy to be circulated within the primitive channelized structures to conserve energy by the materialization (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  27
    Darwinism and the Origin of Life: The Role of H. C. Bastian in the British Spontaneous Generation Debates, 1868-1873. [REVIEW]James Strick - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (1):51 - 92.
    Henry Charlton Bastian's support for spontaneous generation is shown to have developed from his commitment to the new evolutionary science of Darwin, Spencer, Huxley and Tyndall. Tracing Bastian's early career development shows that he was one of the most talented rising young stars among the Darwinians in the 1860s. His argument for a logically necessary link between evolution and spontaneous generation was widely believed among those sympathetic to Darwin's ideas. Spontaneous generation implied materialism to many, however, and it had associations (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  20.  23
    Evolution Born of Moisture: Analogies and Parallels Between Anaximander's Ideas on Origin of Life and Man and Later Pre-Darwinian and Darwinian Evolutionary Concepts. [REVIEW]Radim Kočandrle & Karel Kleisner - 2013 - Journal of the History of Biology 46 (1):103-124.
    This study focuses on the origin of life as presented in the thought of Anaximander of Miletus but also points to some parallel motifs found in much later conceptions of both the pre-Darwinian German romantic science and post-Darwinian biology. According to Anaximander, life originated in the moisture associated with earth (mud). This moist environment hosted the first living creatures that later populated the dry land. In these descriptions, one can trace the earliest hints of the notion of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  16
    How the Discovery of Ribozymes Cast RNA in the Roles of Both Chicken and Egg in Origin-of-Life Theories.Neeraja Sankaran - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (4):741-750.
    Scientific theories about the origin-of-life theories have historically been characterized by the chicken-and-egg problem of which essential aspect of life was the first to appear, replication or self-sustenance. By the 1950s the question was cast in molecular terms and DNA and proteins had come to represent the carriers of the two functions. Meanwhile, RNA, the other nucleic acid, had played a capricious role in origin theories. Because it contained building blocks very similar to DNA, biologists recognized (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  14
    Natural Selection, Hypercycles and the Origin of Life.Sahotra Sarkar - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:197 - 206.
    Two aspects of the Eigen theory of the origin of life are separated: (i) a theory of evolution at the molecular level, and (ii) the special dynamical properties of hypercycles when that theory is applied to them. It is shown that the former can be applied to a variety of molecular systems which then satisfy Lewontin's criteria for evolution by natural selection. This insight is used to show how, at the molecular level, this theory of natural selection can (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  3
    Energy and Semiotics: The Second Law and the Origin of Life.Stanley Salthe - 2005 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 1 (1):128-145.
    After deconstructing the thermodynamic concepts of work and waste, I take up Howard Odum’s idea of energy quality, which tallies the overall amount of energy needed to be dissipated in order to accomplish some work of interest. This was developed from economic considerations that give obvious meaning to the work accomplished. But the energy quality idea can be used to import meaning more generally into Nature. It could be viewed as projecting meaning back from any marked work into preceding energy (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  6
    The Complexity-Based Explanatory Strategy, Biological Levels, and the Origin of Life.Slobodan Perović - forthcoming - Rivista di Estetica.
    A long-standing debate on the causality of levels in biological explanations has divided philosophers into two camps. The reductionist camp insists on the causal primacy of lower, molecular levels, while the critics point out the inescapable shifting, reciprocity, and circularity of levels across biological explanations. We argue, however, that many explanations in biology do not exclusively draw their explanatory power from detailed insights into inter-level interactions; they predominantly require identifying the adequate levels of biological complexity to be explained. Moreover, the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  63
    Can Synthetic Biology Shed Light on the Origin of Life?Christophe Malaterre - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (4):357-367.
    It is a most commonly accepted hypothesis that life originated from inanimate matter, somehow being a synthetic product of organic aggregates, and as such, a result of some sort of prebiotic synthetic biology. In the past decades, the newly formed scientific discipline of synthetic biology has set ambitious goals by pursuing the complete design and production of genetic circuits, entire genomes or even whole organisms. In this paper, I argue that synthetic biology might also shed some novel and interesting (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  26.  33
    Exploring the Origin, Extent, and Future of Life: Philosophical, Ethical, and Theological Perspectives.Constance M. Bertka (ed.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Astrobiology in societal context Constance Bertka; Part I. Origin of Life: 2. Emergence and the experimental pursuit of the origin of life Robert Hazen; 3. From Aristotle to Darwin, to Freeman Dyson: changing definitions of life viewed in historical context James Strick; 4. Philosophical aspects of the origin-of-life problem: the emergence of life and the nature of science Iris Fry; 5. The origin of terrestrial life: (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  10
    Archives or Palimpsests? Bacterial Genomes Unveil a Scenario for the Origin of Life.Antoine Danchin - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (1):52-61.
    The three processes needed to create life, compartmentalization, metabolism, and information transfer (memory stored in nucleic acids and manipulation operated by proteins) are embedded in organized genome features. The core of life puts together growth and maintenance (which drives survival), while life in context explores and exploits specific niches. Analysis of gene persistence in a large number of genomes shows that the former constitutes the paleome, which recapitulates the three phases of the origin of life: (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28.  81
    A Review Of: "Information Theory, Evolution and the Origin of Life as a Digital Message How Life Resembles a Computer". [REVIEW]Attila Grandpierre - 2006 - World Futures 62 (5):401 – 403.
    (2006). A Review of: “Information Theory, Evolution and the Origin of Life as a Digital Message How Life Resembles a Computer”. World Futures: Vol. 62, No. 5, pp. 401-403.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  15
    Progress or Crisis in the Origin-of-Life Studies? A Philosophical Perspective.Włodzimierz Ługowski - 2008 - Dialogue and Universalism 18 (11-12):207-218.
    The essence of the science dealing with the origin of life, called protobiology, is based on the idea of the evolutionary formation of the first living beings from non-living matter. This thesis is generally accepted by both scientists and philosophers. However, the agreement stops at the same point at which it begins. At least this is the case for the scientists. Meanwhile, the philosophers appear to be amazingly concordant where the consensus, owing to their different orientations, might be (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Philosophical Aspects of the Origin-of-Life Problem : The Emergence of Life and the Nature of Science.Iris Fry - 2009 - In Constance M. Bertka (ed.), Exploring the Origin, Extent, and Future of Life: Philosophical, Ethical, and Theological Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  31.  17
    After the Origin of Life.Singo Nakazawa - 1961 - Acta Biotheoretica 14 (1-2):29-42.
    As to the primary morphogenesis which occurred after the origin of life, two conditions are considered. It must be a non-specific pattern. It must be one of the simplest patterns.The above conditions are satisfied by the morphogenetic polarity. Actually, the simplest polar pattern is divided into two classes. The first of these is represented by a regional protrusion of the surface of a sphere , and the second by a regional inversion . That means that the first morphogenesis (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  16
    The Genetic Code and the Origin of Life.Josef Berger - 1976 - Acta Biotheoretica 25 (4):259-263.
    The problem of the origin of life understandably counts as one of the most exciting questions in the natural sciences, but in spite of almost endless speculation on this subject, it is still far from its final solution. The complexity of the functional correlation between recent nucleic acids and proteins can e.g. give rise to the assumption that the genetic code (and life) could not originate on the Earth. It was Portelli (1975) who published the hypothesis that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  27
    Origin of Quantum Mechanical Results and Life: A Clue From Quantum Biology.Biswaranjan Dikshit - 2018 - Neuroquantology 16 (4):26-33.
    Although quantum mechanics can accurately predict the probability distribution of outcomes in an ensemble of identical systems, it cannot predict the result of an individual system. All the local and global hidden variable theories attempting to explain individual behavior have been proved invalid by experiments (violation of Bell’s inequality) and theory. As an alternative, Schrodinger and others have hypothesized existence of free will in every particle which causes randomness in individual results. However, these free will theories have failed to quantitatively (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Emergence and the Experimental Pursuit of the Origin of Life.Robert M. Hazen - 2009 - In Constance M. Bertka (ed.), Exploring the Origin, Extent, and Future of Life: Philosophical, Ethical, and Theological Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  12
    Disclosing Worldhood or Expressing Life? Heidegger and Henry on the Origin of the Work of Art.Steven DeLay - 2017 - Journal of Aesthetics and Phenomenology 4 (2):155-171.
    What and how is the work of art? This paper considers Heidegger’s venerable question by way of a related one: what exactly is the essence of the painting? En route to critiquing the Heideggerian conception of the work of art as that which discloses a world, I present Michel Henry’s competing aesthetic theory. According to Henry, the artwork’s task is not to disclose the exteriority of the world, but rather to express the interiority of life’s pathos—what he calls transcendental (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. On the Nature and Origin of Life.Hilde S. Hein - 1971 - New York: Mcgraw-Hill.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37. Comparing Stories About the Origin, Extent, and Future of Life : An Asian Religious Perspective.Francisca Cho - 2009 - In Constance M. Bertka (ed.), Exploring the Origin, Extent, and Future of Life: Philosophical, Ethical, and Theological Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. The Alpha and the Omega : Reflections on the Origin and Future of Life From the Perspective of Christian Theology and Ethics.Celia Deane-Drummond - 2009 - In Constance M. Bertka (ed.), Exploring the Origin, Extent, and Future of Life: Philosophical, Ethical, and Theological Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. O Podrijetlu Prvog Života: On the Origin of First Life.Tonči Kokić - 2011 - Filozofska Istrazivanja 31 (4):843-859.
    Znanstveno proučavanje postanka prvog života unutar zasebnog područja teorijske biologije počinje pedesetih godina 20. stoljeća. To područje do danas nema stabilan oblik niti vladajuću teoriju, nego je predstavljeno brojnim teorijama koje proučavaju zasebne dijelove velike slagalice koja objašnjava podrijetlo prvog života. Ovaj rad: 1) daje kratak pregled i problematiku područja; 2) predstavlja najvažnije teorije postanka prvog života; 3) izdvaja odgovore na pitanje kada je nastao prvi život; 4) pita se kakvog je bio oblika; te 5) tumači empirijske podatke iz filozofske (...)
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. The Origin of Terrestrial Life : A Christian Perspective.Ernan McMullin - 2009 - In Constance M. Bertka (ed.), Exploring the Origin, Extent, and Future of Life: Philosophical, Ethical, and Theological Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  14
    Body–Mind Integrality: Remarks on the Nature and Origin of Universe and Life.Pier Mario Biava - 2016 - World Futures 72 (3-4):107-114.
    This article summarizes scientific knowledge in the fields of quantum physics and medical science regarding the origin and the nature of the universe and life. The recent discoveries in the fields of biophysics, genetics, epigenetics, neuroscience, and psychosomatics describe the universe and life as highly coherent systems where information is a key factor. In this concept living systems are cognitive networks in a dynamic relationship with their environment. Health in this context is a dynamic balance in a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  6
    Concerning the Origin of the Meditations on the Life of Christ and its Early Influence on Art.Joseph Polzer - 2016 - Franciscan Studies 74:307-351.
    The impact of the Meditations on the Life of Christ, a treatise originally written for the spiritual instruction of Clares in the Tuscan town of S. Gimignano, on the course of later medieval Western Christianity can hardly be overestimated. Originally written either in Latin or Italian, as I prefer to believe, once it had appeared the treatise spread like wildfire through Europe, translated into many languages and evolving into different versions of varying length and content. In surveying how the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  23
    The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or, the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life.Charles Darwin - 1993 - Modern Library.
    Perhaps the most readable and accessible of the great works of scientific imagination, The Origin of Species sold out on the day it was published in 1859. Theologians quickly labeled Charles Darwin the most dangerous man in England, and, as the Saturday Review noted, the uproar over the book quickly "passed beyond the bounds of the study and lecture-room into the drawing-room and the public street." Yet, after reading it, Darwin's friend and colleague T. H. Huxley had a different (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   57 citations  
  44.  11
    Dennis Schmidt and the Origin of the Ethical Life.Peg Birmingham - 2017 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (1):53-66.
    This essay explores Dennis Schmidt’s notion of an “original ethics,” asking how language, freedom and history are at work in this original ethics. The essay first examines Schmidt’s claim that philosophy has traditionally understood ethical and political life as rooted in a subject ruled entirely by what he calls “the law of the common.” The essay specifically looks at how Plato and Hobbes embrace the law of the common, expelling thereby the law of the idiom from their respective ethical (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  4
    Geographical Distribution and the Origin of Life: The Development of Early Nineteenth-Century British Explanations.Michael Paul Kinch - 1980 - Journal of the History of Biology 13 (1):91-119.
    By the 1840s and 1850s biogeographical theory had polarized into two opposing views — both of which had their origins in the sixteenth or seventeenth centuries. At issue in this polarization was the question of God's involvement with His creation. At one end of the spectrum were Sclater, Agassiz, Kirby, and others who saw a neatly designed world in which geographical distributions were planned and executed by the hand of God at creation. For most of these naturalists, organisms were created (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  46.  20
    Crystals, Colloids, or Molecules?: Early Controversies About the Origin of Life and Synthetic Life.Ute Deichmann - 2012 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (4):521-542.
    In Goethe's Faust, the poet refers to alchemists' widespread ideas on artificial creation of life in the laboratory. In Faust, such an attempt was not successful: the little man,Homunculus, created by the scholar Wagner through crystallization, was a pure spirit; his form and light disappeared in an attempt to become real life. According to Goethe, life was obviously not a crystal, and he pointed to decisive differences between crystals and organic beings, the latter for example elaborating their (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Complexity, Self-Organization and the Origin of Life: The Happy Liaison?A. Lazcano - 2009 - In Maryvonne Gérin & Marie-Christine Maurel (eds.), Origins of Life: Self-Organization and/or Biological Evolution? Edp Sciences. pp. 13--22.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  15
    The Origin of Life. A Cybernetic and Informational Process.C. Portelli - 1979 - Acta Biotheoretica 28 (1):19-47.
    According to the model presented in this paper, the beginning of life was marked by the coupling of two complementary nucleotide bases: adenine and thymine. The adenine-thymine system received photons from the sun and stored their energy in the form of a chemical high-energy bond between two phosphoric acid molecules, which were before-hand fixed by adenine from the aqueous environment. The energy of the high-energy bond was then delivered in the form of two waves of electronic excitation. These were (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Origin of Life and Piltdown Forgery.as Inam Shastri & Shaila Parveen - 2006 - In Baidyanath Saraswati (ed.), Voice of Life: Traditional Thought and Modern Science. D.K. Printworld in Association with N.K. Bose Memorial Foundation, Varanasi.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  53
    Code Biology – A New Science of Life.Marcello Barbieri - 2012 - Biosemiotics 5 (3):411-437.
    Systems Biology and the Modern Synthesis are recent versions of two classical biological paradigms that are known as structuralism and functionalism, or internalism and externalism. According to functionalism (or externalism), living matter is a fundamentally passive entity that owes its organization to external forces (functions that shape organs) or to an external organizing agent (natural selection). Structuralism (or internalism), is the view that living matter is an intrinsically active entity that is capable of organizing itself from within, with purely internal (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
1 — 50 / 999