Results for 'original sin'

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  1. The Metaphysics of Original Sin.Michael C. Rea - 2007 - In Peter Van Inwagen & Dean Zimmerman (eds.), Persons: Human and Divine. Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press ;. pp. 319--356.
    This paper argues that there is no straightforward conflict between the traditional Christian doctrine of original sin and the thesis that a person P is morally responsible for the obtaining of a state of affairs S only if S obtains (or obtained) and P could have prevented S from obtaining.
     
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  2.  42
    The Anxiety of Inheritance: Reinhold Niebuhr and the Literal Truth of Original Sin.Geoffrey Rees - 2003 - Journal of Religious Ethics 31 (1):75 - 99.
    Widely regarded as the most influential proponent of the truth of original sin in the twentieth century, Reinhold Niebuhr worked hard to excise any "literalistic" element from his interpretation of the doctrine. In his attempt to "correct" the Augustinian tradition on original sin by purging it of all "literalistic errors," however, Niebuhr assumed as his starting point the most characteristically modern objection to the doctrine: that birth is a thoroughly natural, animal, and morally meaningless event. As a result, (...)
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  3.  18
    European Philosophy and Original Sin in Stephen Mulhall.Judith Wolfe - 2017 - New Blackfriars 98 (1076):387-398.
    Stephen Mulhall has distinguished himself as one of the most rigorous and constructive contemporary thinkers on European philosophy and its complicated relationship to Christian theology. A prominent locus of that relationship in his work is the Christian doctrine of original sin, and its criticism but also structural recapitulation in the work of Nietzsche, Heidegger, Sartre and others. This article begins with an overview of relevant themes and their development in Mulhall's writings. I then offer an account of the internal (...)
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  4.  40
    The Problem of Propagation: Original Sin as Inherited Discourse.James Stillwaggon - 2014 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (1):61-73.
    As Modernist doctrines emphasizing the unity and agency of the educated self are increasingly set up as the straw men of contemporary educational discourses, premodern and Medieval theories of selfhood tend to disappear from the horizon of educational thought altogether. In this essay, in order to subvert this overcoming of our intellectual past, I examine Thomas Aquinas’ reading of the doctrine of original sin. Relying on Graham McAleer’s claim that Aquinas’ metaphysical theory sanctifies the body, I argue that Aquinas’ (...)
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  5. Original Justice, Original Sin, and the Free-Will Defense.Paul A. Macdonald Jr - 2010 - The Thomist 74 (1):105-141.
    In this article, I advance what I think is a more theologically robust and informed free-will defense, which allows me to address the problem of evil in a more theologically robust and informed way. In doing so, however, I do not claim to offer a comprehensive response to the problem of evil, or full-blown "theodicy"; instead, I offer a partial response, which I place in the service of a full-blown theodicy. Moreover, my own approach is explicitly Thomistic, insofar as I (...)
     
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  6. Original Sin, the Fall, and Epistemic Self-Trust.Jonathan C. Rutledge - 2018 - TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 2 (1):84-94.
    In this paper, I argue that no strong doctrine of the Fall can undermine the propriety of epistemic self-trust. My argument proceeds by introducing a common type of philosophical methodology, known as reflective equilibrium. After a brief exposition of the method, I introduce a puzzle for someone engaged in the project of self-reflection after gaining a reason to distrust their epistemic selves on the basis of a construal of a doctrine of the Fall. I close by introducing the worry as (...)
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  7.  11
    Teilhard de Chardin, Original Sin, and the Six Propositions.David Grumett & Paul Bentley - 2018 - Zygon 53 (2):303-330.
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  8.  39
    Sociobiology and Original Sin.Patricia A. Williams - 2000 - Zygon 35 (4):783-812.
  9. Original Sin: The Divergent Doctrines of Augustine and Tillich.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    In this paper I provide a comparative analysis of Augustine's and Paul Tillich's doctrines of Original Sin. I argue that Augustine's doctrine is deeply flawed in ways corrected for by Tillich.
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  10.  18
    Regress and the Doctrine of Epistemic Original Sin.Andrew Norman - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (189):477-494.
    Existing solutions to the epistemic regress problem, and the theories of justification built upon them, are inadequate, for they fail to diagnose the root source of the problem. The problem is rooted in our attachment to a pernicious dogma of modern epistemology: the idea that a judgement must be supported by some kind of reason or evidence to be justified. The epistemic analogue of the doctrine of original sin, this idea renders every judgement in need of redemption – guilty (...)
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  11.  19
    Moral Personality, Perversity, and Original Sin.James Wetzel - 1995 - Journal of Religious Ethics 23 (1):3 - 25.
    This essay sets forth a philosophical reformulation and defense of the doctrine of original sin. The sticking point of the traditional doctrine is its apparent commitment to the proposition that moral guilt is heritable. While I make no claim to defend the justice of vicarious punishment (the idea of having one person suffer for the sins of another), I credit nevertheless the idea of vicarious guilt. As responsible beings, we have to answer for evil that we cannot conceivably have (...)
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  12.  43
    Can Evolutionary Psychology Confirm Original Sin?John T. Mullen - 2007 - Faith and Philosophy 24 (3):268-283.
    Christian responses to the developing field of evolutionary psychology tend to be defensive, focusing on the task of showing that Christians have not beenpresented with any reason to abandon any central beliefs of the Christian faith. A more positive response would seek to show that evolutionary psychologycan provide some sort of epistemic support for one or more distinctively Christian doctrines. This paper is an attempt to supply such a response by focusing on the distinctively Christian doctrine of original sin, (...)
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  13.  38
    Original Sin or Original Sinfulness? A Comment.Simon Heans - 2013 - Heythrop Journal 54 (1):55-69.
    My purpose is to defend Augustine's doctrine of original sin against Joseph Fitzpatrick in his series of articles in New Blackfriars (July 2009–Jan 2010). I begin by arguing that Fitzpatrick's criticisms of it as psychologically inadequate fail because they do not take seriously enough the metaphysical structure of this doctrine, viz, creation from nothing. The second part begins with a critique of Fitzpatrick's interpretation of Genesis 3 and continues with a critical analysis of his proposed alternative to Augustine on (...)
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  14.  10
    Towards an Understanding of the Ontological Conditions Issuing From Original Sin.P. H. Brazier - 2017 - Heythrop Journal 58 (4).
    The aim of this paper is to explore in the light of recent scientific discoveries, coupled with a return to biblical orthodoxy, the question of the Fall, and the apparent intergenerational conditions of original sin. This is the human condition – East of Eden. Invoking Darwin's theory of evolution through natural selection from random mutation as a means of repudiating the existence of original sin can no longer be sustained, scientifically; the biology of horizontal gene transfer, transgenerational epigenetics, (...)
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  15.  11
    Mitochondrial Eve or Eve, the First Mother? Original Sin From the Perspective of Evolutionary Anthropology.Józef Życiński & Alicja Baczyńska - 2008 - Dialogue and Universalism 18 (9-10):13-25.
    Discussions on original sin conduced over the last 50 years yield the conclusion that the second half of the 20th century brought about the most far-reaching changes in the perception of original sin since the times of St. Augustine. In spite of these profound changes, the matter in question continues to give rise to controversies. Thus, Alfred Vanneste considers the omission of monogenism in the Catechism of the Catholic Church 2 to be a gross oversight on the part (...)
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  16.  15
    Pious Polygenism and Original Sin.Martin Lembke - 2013 - Faith and Philosophy 30 (4):434-438.
    In this very short paper, I argue that it is possible to harmonize the doctrine of original sin, as western Christendom has traditionally understood it, with a polygenist account of human ancestry. To this end, particular attention is paid to the encyclical Humani Generis , in which Pope Pius XII strongly cautions against polygenist ideas.
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  17.  9
    Born Bad: Original Sin and the Making of the Western World [Book Review].Ken Wright - 2015 - Australian Humanist, The 117:22.
    Wright, Ken Review of: Born bad: Original sin and the making of the western world, by James Boyce, Black Inc., Collingwood, Vic., 2014, pp. 260, $34.99.
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  18.  5
    Damaged Goods: Human Nature and Original Sin.Peter King - 2007 - Faith and Philosophy 24 (3):247-267.
    The Doctrine of Original Sin seems to require that human nature has literally undergone a change from its prelapsarian to its postlapsarian condition.It is not clear that this claim makes sense. How can human nature, the feature in virtue of which human beings are what they are, change in time? I consider three medieval attempts to resolve this problem: Augustine’s two theories about shared human nature; Anselm’s proposal that original sin is an individual deficiency; the “biological” proposal suggested (...)
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  19.  3
    Towards an Understanding of the Ontological Conditions Issuing From Original Sin.P. H. Brazier - 2016 - Heythrop Journal.
    The aim of this paper is to explore in the light of recent scientific discoveries, coupled with a return to biblical orthodoxy, the question of the Fall, and the apparent intergenerational conditions of original sin. This is the human condition – East of Eden. Invoking Darwin's theory of evolution through natural selection from random mutation as a means of repudiating the existence of original sin can no longer be sustained, scientifically; the biology of horizontal gene transfer, transgenerational epigenetics, (...)
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  20.  1
    John Haught on Original Sin: A Conversation.Ernst M. Conradie - 2016 - Hts Theological Studies 72 (4):1-10.
    This article engages with John Haught's views on original sin. It offers a brief orientation to discourse on sin in the context of theological debates on human evolution. This is followed by a thick description of Haught's so-called note on original sin. A series of five observations and questions regarding Haught's position is offered. It is observed that Haught's way of telling the story of sin and salvation follows a classic Roman Catholic plot, namely one based on grace (...)
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  21.  2
    Ligatio Ex Nihilo: Original Sin and the Hope for Redemption.Daniel Bradley - 2015 - International Philosophical Quarterly 55 (1):85-100.
    In pointing out the strange phenomenological structure of anxiety, Kierkegaard re-opens the door to reflection on “nothingness.” This tradition has been fruitful, but it has remained wedded to interpreting this nothingness in light of the distinction between anxiety and fear. Thus, anxiety is understood exclusively as the transcendence of this or that possibility towards an encounter with the freedom of possibility itself. Kierkegaard’s original formulation, however, states that anxiety is “altogether different than fear and similar concepts.” In this article (...)
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  22.  41
    Original Sin and Radical Evil: Kierkegaard and Kant.Roe Fremstedal - 2012 - Kantian Review 17 (2):197-225.
    By comparing the theories of evil found in Kant and Kierkegaard, this article aims to shed new light on Kierkegaard, as well as on the historical and conceptual relations between the two philosophers. The author shows that there is considerable overlap between Kant's doctrine of radical evil and Kierkegaard's views on guilt and sin and argues that Kierkegaard approved of the doctrine of radical evil. Although Kierkegaard's distinction between guilt and sin breaks radically with Kant, there are more Kantian elements (...)
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  23.  4
    “Non Potest Non Peccare”: Karl Barth on Original Sin and the Bondage of the Will.Shao Kai Tseng - 2018 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 60 (2):185-207.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie Jahrgang: 60 Heft: 2 Seiten: 185-207.
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  24. The Original Sin of Cognition: Fear, Prejudice, and Generalization.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (8):393-421.
    Generic generalizations such as ‘mosquitoes carry the West Nile virus’ or ‘sharks attack bathers’ are often accepted by speakers despite the fact that very few members of the kinds in question have the predicated property. Previous work suggests that such low-prevalence generalizations may be accepted when the properties in question are dangerous, harmful, or appalling. This paper argues that the study of such generic generalizations sheds light on a particular class of prejudiced social beliefs, and points to new ways in (...)
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  25. The Joy of Being Wrong: Original Sin Through Easter Eyes.James Alison, Alistair I. Mcfadyen, Andrew Sung Park, Ted Peters & Solomon Schimmel - 2001 - Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (3):471-501.
    Reviewing works by James Alison, Alistair McFadyen, Andrew Sung Park, Ted Peters, and Solomon Schimmel, the author suggests that the status and function of the discourse/doctrine of sin highlight tensions between theology and ethics in ways that suggest the character, limits, and promise of religious ethics. This literature commends attention to sin-talk because it helps religious ethicists to render more adequately the dynamics of human agency, sociality, and culture and because it raises questions about the nature and task of theology, (...)
     
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  26.  32
    Original Sin and Atonement.Oliver D. Crisp - 2008 - In Thomas P. Flint & Michael C. Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Oxford University Press.
    The atonement is one of the central and defining doctrines of Christian theology. Yet the nature of the atonement – how it is that Christ's life and death on the cross actually atone for human sin – remains a theological conundrum. This article offers a new argument for an old theory of the atonement, namely, penal substitution. First, it sets out the theological context for the argument. This involves giving some account of alternative theories of the atonement in the tradition, (...)
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  27.  91
    The Original Sin of Cognitive Science.Stephen C. Levinson - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):396-403.
    Classical cognitive science was launched on the premise that the architecture of human cognition is uniform and universal across the species. This premise is biologically impossible and is being actively undermined by, for example, imaging genomics. Anthropology (including archaeology, biological anthropology, linguistics, and cultural anthropology) is, in contrast, largely concerned with the diversification of human culture, language, and biology across time and space—it belongs fundamentally to the evolutionary sciences. The new cognitive sciences that will emerge from the interactions with the (...)
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  28.  12
    The Original Sin of Proof-Theoretic Semantics.Bogdan Dicher & Francesco Paoli - forthcoming - Synthese:1-26.
    Proof-theoretic semantics is an alternative to model-theoretic semantics. It aims at explaining the meaning of the logical constants in terms of the inference rules that govern their behaviour in proofs. We argue that this must be construed as the task of explaining these meanings relative to a logic, i.e., to a consequence relation. Alas, there is no agreed set of properties that a relation must have in order to qualify as a consequence relation. Moreover, the association of a consequence relation (...)
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  29.  29
    A View of Racism: 2016 and America's Original Sin.Benjamin Mitchell-Yellin - 2018 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 1 (13):53-72.
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  30. Paul Rigby, "Original Sin in Augustine's "Confessions"". [REVIEW]Robert J. O' Connell - 1990 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 28 (1):125.
  31.  70
    St. Augustine's Doctrine of Original Sin.Jesse Couenhoven - 2005 - Augustinian Studies 36 (2):359-396.
  32.  3
    Isabella Image, The Human Condition in Hilary of Poitiers: The Will and Original Sin Between Origen and Augustine.Alexander H. Pierce - 2019 - Augustinian Studies 50 (1):103-106.
  33.  15
    Original Sin and the Problem of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe.Peter Harrison - 2002 - Journal of the History of Ideas 63 (2):239-259.
  34.  46
    The Conflict Between Social and Biological Evolution and the Concept of Original Sin.Donald T. Campbell - 1975 - Zygon 10 (3):234-249.
  35.  4
    Teilhard de Chardin, Original Sin, and the Six Propositions.David Grumett & Paul Bentley - forthcoming - Zygon.
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  36.  35
    Biological Perspectives on Fall and Original Sin.Philip Hefzer - 1993 - Zygon 28 (1):77-101.
  37.  1
    Original Sin and Christian Philosophy.Paul Copan - 2003 - Philosophia Christi 5 (2):519-541.
  38.  86
    Augustine and Aquinas on Original Sin and the Function of Political Authority.Paul J. Weithman - 1992 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (3):353-376.
  39.  60
    Symposia Papers: Does Anxiety Explain Original Sin?Philip L. Quinn - 1990 - Noûs 24 (2):227-244.
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  40. Innocent Sinfulness, Guilty Sin: Original Sin and Divine Justice.Keith D. Wyma - 2004 - In Peter van Inwagen (ed.), Christian Faith and the Problem of Evil. Eerdmans. pp. 263--76.
     
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  41.  18
    Original Sin, Grace, and Positive Mimesis.Petra Steinmair-Pösel - 2007 - Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 14 (1):1-12.
  42.  43
    Dualism: The Original Sin of Cognitivism.William R. Uttal - 2004 - L. Erlbaum Associates.
    Directed to scholars and senior-level graduate students, this book is an iconoclastic survey of the history of dualism and its impact on contemporary cognitive psychology. It argues that much of modern cognitive or mentalist psychology is built upon a cryptodualism--the idea that the mind and brain can be thought of as independent entities. This dualism pervades so much of society that it covertly influences many aspects of modern science, particularly psychology. To support the argument, the history of dualism is extended (...)
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  43.  4
    Thomas Aquinas on the Effects of Original Sin: A Philosophical Analysis.Angus Brook - 2018 - Heythrop Journal 59 (4):721-732.
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  44.  2
    A View of Racism: 2016 and America’s Original Sin.Benjamin Mitchell-Yellin - 2018 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 13 (1).
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  45.  43
    Original Sin, Radical Evil and Moral Identity.Philip L. Quinn - 1984 - Faith and Philosophy 1 (2):188-202.
  46.  30
    G. M. Lukken: Original Sin in the Roman Liturgy. Research Into the Theology of Original Sin in the Roman Sacramentaria and the Early Baptismal Liturgy. Verlag E. J. Brill, Leiden 1973, XXIV U. 432 Pp. [REVIEW]Hermann Reifenberg - 1978 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 30 (1):86-87.
  47.  53
    Piet Schoonenberg's Theory of Original Sin.Christa Campbell Betty - 1970 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 45 (1):83-101.
    Schoonenberg's theory, while preserving the enduring core of salvation, sets out to develop and translate it for the understanding of today's man.
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  48.  36
    Toward Understanding Original Sin in Augustine's.William J. O'Brien - 1974 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 49 (4):436-446.
  49.  30
    Chesterton and Original Sin.Michael Jordan - 1982 - The Chesterton Review 8 (1):91-92.
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  50.  24
    Unravelling the Complexities of the 'Original Sin' Tradition.John Thornhill - 2006 - The Australasian Catholic Record 83 (1):25.
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