Results for 'parallelism'

375 found
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  1.  3
    Michael Heidelberger.Herbert Feigl & Psychophysical Parallelism - 2003 - In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Logical Empiricism: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh University Pres. pp. 233.
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  2. Spinoza's Parallelism Doctrine and Metaphysical Sympathy.Karolina Hübner - 2015 - In Eric Schliesser Christa Mercer (ed.), Sympathy: Oxford Philosophical Concepts.
    This paper offers a new interpretation of Spinoza's doctrine of parallelism. It argues Spinoza reinterprets the ancient doctrine of metaphysical sympathy among ostensibly disconnected and distant beings in terms of fully intelligible relations of 1) identity between formal and objective reality, and in terms of 2) "real identity," grounded in Spinoza's substance-monism. Finally, the paper argues against the standard reading of mind-body pairs as "numerically identical".
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  3. The Mind-Body Problem in the Origin of Logical Empiricism: Herbert Feigl and Psychophysical Parallelism.Michael Heidelberger - 2001 - In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Cogprints. Pittsburgh University Pres. pp. 233--262.
    In the 19th century, "Psychophysical Parallelism" was the most popular solution of the mind-body problem among physiologists, psychologists and philosophers. (This is not to be mixed up with Leibnizian and other cases of "Cartesian" parallelism.) The fate of this non-Cartesian view, as founded by Gustav Theodor Fechner, is reviewed. It is shown that Feigl's "identity theory" eventually goes back to Alois Riehl who promoted a hybrid version of psychophysical parallelism and Kantian mind-body theory which was taken up (...)
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  4.  65
    Modal Logics for Parallelism, Orthogonality, and Affine Geometries.Philippe Balbiani & Valentin Goranko - 2002 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 12 (3-4):365-397.
    We introduce and study a variety of modal logics of parallelism, orthogonality, and affine geometries, for which we establish several completeness, decidability and complexity results and state a number of related open, and apparently difficult problems. We also demonstrate that lack of the finite model property of modal logics for sufficiently rich affine or projective geometries (incl. the real affine and projective planes) is a rather common phenomenon.
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  5. Psychophysical Parallelism and Positive Metaphysics.Henri Bergson - 2005 - In Continental Philosophy of Science (Blackwell Readings in Continental Philosophy). Malden MA: Blackwell.
  6. Parallelism and Complementarity: The Psycho-Physical Problem in Spinoza and in the Succession of Niels Bohr.Hans Jonas - 1986 - In Marjorie G. Grene & Debra Nails (eds.), Spinoza and the Sciences. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 237--247.
  7. Parallelism, Interactionism, and Causation.Laird Addis - 1984 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):329-344.
    One may gather from the arguments of two of the last papers published before his death that J. L. Mackie held the following three theses concerning the mind/body problem : (1) There is a distinct realm of mental properties, so a dualism of properties at least is true and materialism false.
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  8.  50
    The Threefold Parallelism of Agassiz and Haeckel, and Polarity Determination in Phylogenetic Systematics.Harold N. Bryant - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (2):197-217.
  9. Gustav Bergmann's Psychophysiological Parallelism.Thomas Natsoulas - 1984 - Behaviorism 12 (1):41-70.
     
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  10.  38
    The Parallelism of Attributes.R. B. A. Wise - 1982 - Philosophical Papers 11 (October):23-37.
  11.  19
    A Note on Parallelism in Affine Geometry.Peter Schreiber - 1993 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 39 (1):131-132.
    The uniqueness of the parallel lines is independent from the analogous statement on parallel planes and the usual further axioms of three-dimensional affine geometry. MSC: 51A15, 03F65.
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  12. Parallelism in the Early Moist Texts.Thierry Lucas - 2013 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 8 (2):289-308.
     
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  13. Remarks on Psycho-Physical Parallelism.Friedrich Kambartel - 1999 - In Actions, Norms, Values. Hawthorne: De Gruyter.
     
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  14.  59
    Convergence and Parallelism in Evolution: A Neo-Gouldian Account.Trevor Pearce - 2012 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (2):429-448.
    Determining whether a homoplastic trait is the result of convergence or parallelism is central to many of the most important contemporary discussions in biology and philosophy: the relation between evolution and development, the importance of constraints on variation, and the role of contingency in evolution. In this article, I show that two recent attempts to draw a black-or-white distinction between convergence and parallelism fail, albeit for different reasons. Nevertheless, I argue that we should not be afraid of gray (...)
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  15.  10
    The Problem of External Validity (or “Parallelism”) in Experimental Economics.Francesco Guala - 1999 - Social Science Information 38 (4):555-573.
    This article is in three parts: in the first section, a real case of laboratory experimentation in economics illustrates what experimentalists do in order to test the external validity of their results. Then, it is shown that such a practice presupposes a specific conception of the causal relations economists are seeking. Some general remarks about the notions of external validity and parallelism are provided in conclusion.
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  16.  21
    A Logical Perspective on the Parallelism in Later Moism.Yiu-Ming Fung - 2012 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 39 (3):333-350.
    A. C. Graham thinks that the parallelism in the Neo‐Moist Canons is about the deduction of sentences. On the contrary, Chad Hansen thinks that they are not plausibly treated as inference of deductive forms since the later Moists are at pains to show that they can “go wrong.” In this article, I shall try to provide a logical analysis and a constructive rather than defeatist interpretation of parallelism in the text. I argue that the Moists tend to express (...)
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  17.  81
    Discourse Parallelism, Ellipsis, and Ambiguity.N. Asher - 2001 - Journal of Semantics 18 (1):1-25.
    In this paper we combine a simple recovery mechanism for ellipsis with a general, discourse account of parallelism to account for a variety of phenomena concerning ellipsis, including Sag's wide scope puzzle and complex examples concerning sloppy identity. Our recovery mechanism requires an identity of logical structure between the recovered material and antecedent in the ellipsis. The recovered material and the antecedent are then interpreted independently in their respective contexts, subject only to the general discourse constraints on parallelism. (...)
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  18.  14
    Parallelism and the Idea of God in Spinoza's System.Sean Winkler - 2018 - Idealistic Studies 48 (2):149-173.
    In this paper, I begin by showing that for Spinoza, it is unclear how the human mind can have a true idea of God. I first provide an explanation of Spinoza’s theory of parallelism of the mind and the body, followed by showing how this doctrine seems to undermine the mind’s ability to have an adequate idea of God. From there, I show that the idea of God presents a problem for Spinoza’s theory of the parallelism of the (...)
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  19.  34
    Einstein: Distant Parallelism and Electromagnetism. [REVIEW]Mark Israelit & Nathan Rosen - 1985 - Foundations of Physics 15 (3):365-377.
    Einstein's approach to unified field theories based on the geometry of distant parallelism is discussed. The simplest theory of this type, describing gravitation and electromagnetism, is investigated. It is found that there is a charge-current density vector associated with the geometry. However, in the static spherically symmetric case no singularity-free solutions for this vector exist.
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  20.  14
    Māyā and Becoming: Deleuze and Vedānta on Attributes, Acosmism, and Parallelism in Spinoza.Michael Hemmingsen - 2018 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 10 (3):238-250.
    ABSTRACTThis paper compares two readings of Baruch Spinoza – those of Gilles Deleuze and Rama Kanta Tripathi – with a particular focus on three features of Spinoza’s philosophy: the relationship between substance and attribute; the problem of acosmism and unity; and the problem of the parallelism of attributes. Deleuze and Tripathi’s understanding of these three issues in Spinoza’s thought illustrates for us their own concerns with becoming over substance and māyā, respectively. This investigation provides not just two interesting and (...)
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  21.  26
    Parallelism in Conversation: Resonance, Schematization, and Extension From the Perspective of Dialogic Syntax and Cognitive Linguistics.Tomoko I. Sakita - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (3):467-501.
    Speakers often construct their utterances based on the immediately co-present utterances of dialogue partners. They array their linguistic resources parallel to their partners¿ and activate resonance. Based on the theories of dialogic syntax and cognitive linguistics, this study undertakes to explain how speakers activate resonance and how parallelism contributes to constructing linguistic forms as well as to shaping the ongoing flow of conversation. Three phases of resonance activation are illustrated in relation to cognitive processes: (a) parallelism constituted with (...)
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  22.  17
    Buddhism and Quantum Physics: A Strange Parallelism of Two Concepts of Reality.Christian Thomas Kohl - 2007 - Contemporary Buddhism 8 (1):69-82.
    Rudyard Kipling, the famous English author of The Jungle Book, born in India, wrote one day these words: ‘Oh, East is East and West is West, and never the twain shall meet’. In my paper I show that Kipling was not completely right. I try to show the common ground between Buddhist philosophy and quantum physics. There is a surprising parallelism between the philosophical concept of reality articulated by Nāgārjuna and the physical concept of reality implied by quantum physics. (...)
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  23.  8
    Political Parallelism in News and Commentaries on the Haider Conflict. A Comparative Analysis of Austrian, British, German, and French Quality Newspapers.Barbara Berkel - 2006 - Communications 31 (1):85-104.
    Normative theories of media functions require a clear distinction between the media's two roles as forum and speaker in public spheres. This article seeks to study potential violations of the rule of separating fact from opinion. The comparative content analysis takes a European political conflict, the so-called Haider debate, as a litmus test of objectivity of news reporting. The study reveals some critical consequences of the press' political involvement in the debate. In all countries under study, the press tends to (...)
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  24.  7
    The ‘Prejudice in Favour of Psyghophysical Parallelism’: Les Holborow.Les Holborow - 1973 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 7:193-207.
    Wittgenstein refers to psychophysical parallelism in this apparently prejudiced way in paragraph 611 of Zettel, in the course of a rather remarkable passage. It begins at 605 with the claim that ‘One of the most dangerous ideas for a philosopher is, oddly enough, that we think with our heads or in our heads’. Subsequent sections develop this remark in a way that demonstrates Wittgenstein's rejection of the view that thinking is any sort of process in the head, whether a (...)
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  25.  8
    Variations on a Theme: Clifford’s Parallelism in Elliptic Space.Alberto Cogliati - 2015 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 69 (4):363-390.
    In 1873, W. K. Clifford introduced a notion of parallelism in the three-dimensional elliptic space that, quite surprisingly, exhibits almost all properties of Euclidean parallelism in ordinary space. The purpose of this paper is to describe the genesis of this notion in Clifford’s works and to provide a historical analysis of its reception in the investigations of F. Klein, L. Bianchi, G. Fubini, and E. Bortolotti. Special emphasis is placed upon the important role that Clifford’s parallelism played (...)
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  26.  1
    Grasping the Conceptual Difference Between János Bolyai and Lobachevskii’s Notions of Non-Euclidean Parallelism.János Tanács - 2009 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 63 (5):537-552.
    The paper examines the difference between János Bolyai’s and Lobachevskii’s notion of non-Euclidean parallelism. The examination starts with the summary of a widespread view of historians of mathematics on János Bolyai’s notion of non-Euclidean parallelism used in the first paragraph of his Appendix. After this a novel position of the location and meaning of Bolyai’s term “parallela” in his Appendix is put forward. After that János Bolyai’s Hungarian manuscript, the Commentary on Lobachevskii’s Geometrische Untersuchungen is elaborated in order (...)
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  27.  9
    The 'Prejudice in Favour of Psyghophysical Parallelism'.Les Holborow - 1973 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 7:193-207.
    Wittgenstein refers to psychophysical parallelism in this apparently prejudiced way in paragraph 611 of Zettel , in the course of a rather remarkable passage. It begins at 605 with the claim that ‘One of the most dangerous ideas for a philosopher is, oddly enough, that we think with our heads or in our heads’. Subsequent sections develop this remark in a way that demonstrates Wittgenstein's rejection of the view that thinking is any sort of process in the head, whether (...)
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  28. Russellian Non-Parallelism: Direct Reference Without Anti-Individualism.David Shier - 1993 - Dissertation, Wayne State University
    The Direct Reference account of the semantics of singular terms is widely assumed to be inconsistent with the traditional Individualist account of psychological states. Because of this assumption, and because of the weight of the evidence for Direct Reference, Anti-Individualism has found supporters despite its counterintuitiveness. In this dissertation, it is argued that Direct Reference and Individualism are not genuinely inconsistent, but that the inconsistency emerges only with the additional assumption of Propositionalism--the orthodox, proposition-based framework for understanding thought and language. (...)
     
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  29.  10
    Functional Parallelism in Spoken Word-Recognition.William D. Marslen-Wilson - 1987 - Cognition 25 (1-2):71-102.
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  30. Computing Parallelism in Discourse.Michael Kohlhase - unknown
    Both Higher-Order Uni cation approaches to In linguistic theories on discourse coherence Kehler, discourse semantics Dalrymple et al., 1991; Shieber et.
     
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  31.  7
    A Probabilistic Corpus-Based Model of Syntactic Parallelism.Amit Dubey, Frank Keller & Patrick Sturt - 2008 - Cognition 109 (3):326-344.
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  32.  37
    Focus, Parallelism and Accommodation.Danny Fox - unknown
    It is well-known that constructions involving ellipsis share many properties with constructions that involve phonological reduction. The similarity between ECs and PRCs is semantic: the interpretation of both is constrained by the interpretation of an antecedent. Rooth and Tancredi have pointed out that this similarity follows from an independently needed theory of focus.
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  33.  37
    A Decidable Temporal Logic of Parallelism.Mark Reynolds - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (3):419-436.
    In this paper we shall introduce a simple temporal logic suitable for reasoning about the temporal aspects of parallel universes, parallel processes, distributed systems, or multiple agents. We will use a variant of the mosaic method to prove decidability of this logic. We also show that the logic does not have the finite model property. This shows that the mosaic method is sometimes a stronger way of establishing decidability.
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  34. Dualism, Parallelism and Infinitism.Alfred H. Lloyd - 1911 - Mind 20 (78):212-234.
  35.  17
    Parallelism and Patterns of Thought.R. W. Kentridge - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):670-671.
  36.  10
    Limits of the Recapitulation Theory: Carl Friedrich Kielmeyer's Critique of the Presumed Parallelism of Earth History, Ontogeny, and the Present Order of Organisms.William Coleman - 1973 - Isis 64:341-350.
  37.  38
    Formalization of Hilbert's Geometry of Incidence and Parallelism.Jan von Plato - 1997 - Synthese 110 (1):127-141.
    Three things are presented: How Hilbert changed the original construction postulates of his geometry into existential axioms; In what sense he formalized geometry; How elementary geometry is formalized to present day's standards.
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  38.  2
    Measurement Invariance and Intergenerational Parallelism of General Self-Efficacy in Adolescent and Parent Dyads.Hui Lei, Yanyun Yuan, Zhihang Wang, Jianshi Chen & Zhihua Li - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  39. Brief Critique of "Psycho-Physical Parallelism".Ladd George Trumbull - 1903 - Mind 12 (47):374-380.
  40.  13
    Limits of the Recapitulation Theory: Carl Friedrich Kielmeyer's Critique of the Presumed Parallelism of Earth History, Ontogeny, and the Present Order of Organisms.William Coleman - 1973 - Isis 64 (3):341-350.
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  41.  41
    VI.—The Theory of Psycho-Physical Parallelism as a Working Hypothesis in Psychology.H. Wildon Carr - 1911 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 11 (1):129-143.
  42.  66
    Formalization of Hilbert's Geometry of Incidence and Parallelism.Jan von Plato - 1997 - Synthese 110 (1):127-141.
    Three things are presented: How Hilbert changed the original construction postulates of his geometry into existential axioms; In what sense he formalized geometry; How elementary geometry is formalized to present day's standards.
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  43.  22
    Parallelism and Functionalism.William M. Ramsey - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (1):139-144.
  44.  43
    Thirteen Ways of Looking at the Ethics-Aesthetics Parallelism.Eddy M. Zemach - 1971 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 29 (3):391-398.
  45.  82
    On Psychophysical Parallelism.Henryk Mehlberg - 1995 - Axiomathes 6 (1):39-57.
  46.  9
    Epistemic-State Parallelism: Translating Between Probabilities and Ranks.Eric Raidl - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-28.
    This paper contributes to the investigation of the nature of the relation between probability theory and ranking theory. The paper aims at explaining the structural harmony between the laws of probability theory and those of ranking theory in a way that respects the foundational dualistic attitude developed by Spohn in The Laws of Belief. The paper argues that the so called atomic translation family satisfies the desiderata and does so in the ‘best’ possible way. On the one hand, the atomic (...)
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  47.  26
    Two Recent Works on the Structure of Biblical Hebrew PoetryUgaritic and Hebrew Poetic Parallelism: A Trial Cut (ʿnt I and Proverbs 2)The Structural Analysis of Biblical and Canaanite PoetryUgaritic and Hebrew Poetic Parallelism: A Trial Cut.Alan Cooper, Dennis Pardee, Willem van der Meer & Johannes C. de Moor - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (4):687.
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  48.  28
    Formalization of Hilbert's Geometry of Incidence and Parallelism.Jan Platvono - 1997 - Synthese 110 (1):127-141.
    Three things are presented: How Hilbert changed the original construction postulates of his geometry into existential axioms; In what sense he formalized geometry; How elementary geometry is formalized to present day's standards.
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  49.  4
    A Hypothesis About Parallelism Vs. Seriality in Dreams.Umberto Barcaro, Paolo Paradisi & Laura Sebastiani - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  50.  19
    Grammatical Role Parallelism Influences Ambiguous Pronoun Resolution in German.Sauermann Antje & Gagarina Natalia - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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