Results for 'pediatrics'

96 found
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  1.  14
    Autism Beyond Pediatrics: Why Bioethicists Ought to Rethink Consent in Light of Chronicity and Genetic Identity.Alexandra Perry - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (5):236-241.
    Autism is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder that presents unique challenges to bioethicists. In particular, bioethicists ought to reconsider pediatric consent in light of disparity between beliefs that are held about the disorder by parents and adults with autism. The neurodiverse community ought to be given some consideration in this debate, and, as such, there may be a role for autistic narratives in clarifying this problem.
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  2.  10
    Ethics Consultation in Pediatrics: Long-Term Experience From a Pediatric Oncology Center.Liza-Marie Johnson, Christopher L. Church, Monika Metzger & Justin N. Baker - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (5):3-17.
    There is little information about the content of ethics consultations in pediatrics. We sought to describe the reasons for consultation and ethical principles addressed during EC in pediatrics through retrospective review and directed content analysis of EC records at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. Patient-based EC were highly complex and often involved evaluation of parental decision making, particularly consideration of the risks and benefits of a proposed medical intervention, and the physician's fiduciary responsibility to the patient. Nonpatient consultations (...)
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  3.  3
    Moral Hazard in Pediatrics.Donald Brunnquell & Christopher M. Michaelson - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (7):29-38.
    “Moral hazard” is a term familiar in economics and business ethics that illuminates why rational parties sometimes choose decisions with bad moral outcomes without necessarily intending to behave selfishly or immorally. The term is not generally used in medical ethics. Decision makers such as parents and physicians generally do not use the concept or the word in evaluating ethical dilemmas. They may not even be aware of the precise nature of the moral hazard problem they are experiencing, beyond a general (...)
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  4.  16
    Ethical Problems in Pediatrics: What Does the Setting of Care and Education Show Us?Jucélia Guedert & Suely Grosseman - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):2.
    Background: Pediatrics ethics education should enhance medical students' skills to deal with ethical problems that may arise in the different settings of care. This study aimed to analyze the ethical problems experienced by physicians who have medical education and pediatric care responsibilities, and if those problems are associated to their workplace, medical specialty and area of clinical practice. Methods: A self-applied semi-structured questionnaire was answered by 88 physicians with teaching and pediatric care responsibilities. Content analysis was performed to analyze (...)
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  5.  18
    The Policy Statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics – Children as Hematopoietic Stem Cell Donors – a Proposal of Modifications for Application in the UK.Tak K. Chan & George L. Tipoe - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):43.
    With a view to addressing the moral concerns about the use of donor siblings, the Policy Statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics - Children as Hematopoietic Stem Cell Donors (the Policy) has laid out the criteria upon which tissue harvest from a minor would be permissible.
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  6. Shared Decision‐Making in Pediatrics: Honoring Multiple Voices.Daniel J. Benedetti - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (4):46-47.
    Historically, parents looking for guidance turned to a small cadre of trusted individuals such as grandparents and pediatricians. In the Internet era, this paradigm has shifted. With a few keystrokes, anxious parents have access to a seemingly endless array of opinions from faceless sources with unknown agendas. For some parents, this can cause more uncertainty, and for the parents of a child with a medical condition, navigating this information can be overwhelming. In this modern paradigm, the pediatrician's duty has also (...)
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  7.  10
    Reframing Fantasy: Toward a Common Language of Hope, Dying, and Death in Long-Shot Pediatrics.Courtney Addison & Courtney Hempton - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):36-38.
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  8.  27
    The Unique Nature of Clinical Ethics in Allied Health Pediatrics: Implications for Ethics Education.Clare Delany, Merle Spriggs, Craig L. Fry & Lynn Gillam - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (4):471-480.
    Ethics education is recognized as an integral component of health professionals’ education and has been occurring in various guises in the curricula of health professional training in many countries since at least the 1970s. However, there are a number of different aims and approaches adopted by individual educators, programs, and, importantly, different health professions that may be characterized according to strands or trends in ethics education.
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  9.  30
    End-of-Life Decision Making in Pediatrics: Literature Review on Children's and Adolescents’ Participation.Katharina M. Ruhe, Domnita O. Badarau, Bernice S. Elger & Tenzin Wangmo - 2014 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 5 (2):44-54.
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  10.  42
    Clinical Ethics Committees and Pediatrics. An Evaluation of Case Consultations.Tanja Ramsauer & Andreas Frewer - 2009 - Diametros 22:90 – 104.
    Since Clinical Ethics Consultation has become important in the public health sector in the last decade in Germany, there are on-going questions about effectiveness. Targets have been established by the Ethics Committees, in regard to assisting patients, families and health care teams at times of ethical conflicts during the decision-making process in medical care. Of all the ethics consultations over the last eight years at Erlangen University Hospital the consultations carried out in the pediatric department were chosen to be reviewed (...)
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  11.  49
    Angela Roddey Holder: 1986, Legal Issues in Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, 357 Pp. [REVIEW]M. A. Gardell - 1986 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (3):293-294.
  12.  3
    Including the Family's Interests in Medical Decision Making in Pediatrics.G. Hardart - 2000 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 11 (2):164.
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  13.  3
    The Ethical Course Is To Recommend Infant Male Circumcision — Arguments Disparaging American Academy of Pediatrics Affirmative Policy Do Not Withstand Scrutiny.Brian J. Morris, John N. Krieger, Jeffrey D. Klausner & Beth E. Rivin - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (4):647-663.
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  14.  21
    Does Pediatrics Need its Own Bioethics?John D. Lantos - 2010 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (4):613-624.
  15.  2
    Futility in Pediatrics: From Case to Policy.R. D. Truog - 2000 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 11 (2):136.
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  16.  19
    Ethical Issues in Pediatrics.D. Micah Hester - 2012 - In D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld (eds.), Guidance for Healthcare Ethics Committees. Cambridge University Press. pp. 114.
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  17.  8
    William E. Benitz, MD, is an Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Neo-Natal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford Univer-Sity Medical Center, Stanford, California David A. Bennahum, MD, is Professor of Medicine & Family and Community Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, and Serves as Chair of The. [REVIEW]Hobart Tasmania, T. Patrick & M. A. Hill - 1993 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2:253-254.
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  18.  24
    Development of a Tissue Engineered Heart Valve for Pediatrics: A Case Study in Bioengineering Ethics.W. David Merryman - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (1):93-101.
    The following hypothetical case study was developed for bioengineering students and is concerned with choosing between two devices used for development of a pediatric tissue engineered heart valve (TEHV). This case is intended to elicit assessment of the devices, possible future outcomes, and ramifications of the decision making. It is framed in light of two predominant ethical theories: utilitarianism and rights of persons. After the case was presented to bioengineering graduate students, they voted on which device should be released. The (...)
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  19.  21
    Peter Pan, the Pied Piper and Pediatrics.John Lantos - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (4):449-454.
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  20.  6
    Ethics in Pediatrics.Tracy K. Koogler - 2008 - In D. Micah Hester (ed.), Ethics by Committee: A Textbook on Consultation, Organization, and Education for Hospital Ethics Committees. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 187.
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  21.  2
    Is Decision-Making Capacity an “Essentially Contested” Concept in Pediatrics?Eva De Clercq, Katharina Ruhe, Michel Rost & Bernice Elger - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (3):425-433.
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  22.  4
    Moral Hazard and Transparency in Pediatrics: A Different Problem Requiring a Different Solution.Armand H. Matheny Antommaria & Ron King - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (7):39-40.
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  23.  6
    Vaccination in Pediatrics and Informed Consent: Balancing Social Paternalism and Patients'autonomy.Matthias Dahl - 2002 - Ethik in der Medizin 14 (3):201-214.
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  24.  4
    Ethics Consults in Pediatrics and Neonatology Are More Varied and Complex Than Those Reported at St. Jude's Children's Research Hospital.John J. Paris & Andrew Hawkins - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (5):29-30.
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  25.  4
    Truth Telling in Pediatrics: What They Don't Know Might Hurt Them.Christine Harrison - forthcoming - Pediatric Bioethics.
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  26.  2
    Moral Hazards Over Narrative Methods in Pediatrics? Not Worth the Risk.Kellie R. Lang & D. Micah Hester - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (7):42-44.
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  27.  3
    Pediatrics of the Past by John Ruhrah. [REVIEW]George Sarton - 1926 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 8:386-388.
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  28.  2
    Making Meaning From Experience: A Working Typology for Pediatrics Ethics Consultations.Lynn Gillam, Rosalind McDougall & Clare Delany - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (5):24-26.
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  29.  2
    Neonatal Pediatrics at the Century Mark.William A. Silverman - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (2):159-170.
  30.  1
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Moral Hazard in Pediatrics”.Donald Brunnquell & Christopher M. Michaelson - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (8):3-4.
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  31.  1
    Pediatrics of the PastJohn Ruhrah.George Sarton - 1926 - Isis 8 (2):386-388.
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  32.  1
    Moral Hazards Over Narrative Methods in Pediatrics? Not Worth the Risk.Kellie Lang & Micah Hester - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (7):42-44.
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  33.  1
    The Birth of Tragedy in Pediatrics: A Phronetic Conception of Bioethics.Franco A. Carnevale - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (5):571-582.
    Accepted standards of parental decisional autonomy and child best interests do not address adequately the complex moral problems involved in the care of critically ill children. A growing body of moral discourse is calling for the recognition of `tragedy' in selected human problems. A tragic dilemma is an irresolvable dilemma with forced terrible alternatives, where even the virtuous agent inescapably emerges with `dirty hands'. The shift in moral framework described here recognizes that the form of conduct called for by tragic (...)
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  34.  1
    Disclosing the Diagnosis of HIV in Pediatrics.E. Flanagan-Klygis, L. F. Ross, J. Lantos, J. Frader & R. Yogev - 2001 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 12 (2):150.
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  35.  1
    Comment--Disclosing a Diagnosis of HIV in Pediatrics: Providing the Best Possible Care.S. Hirschfeld - 2001 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 12 (2):158.
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  36.  2
    Disclosure and Consent Problems in Pediatrics.Angela R. Holder - 1988 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 16 (3-4):219-228.
  37. 50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics.S. Flynn & M. Genel - 1995 - Ethics 23:331-44.
     
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  38. Disclosure and Consent Problems in Pediatrics.Angela R. Holder - 1988 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 16 (3-4):219-228.
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  39. American Pediatrics: The Social Dynamics of Professionalism, 1880-1980Sydney A. Halpern.Joel D. Howell - 1989 - Isis 80 (3):552-553.
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  40. Nurturing Children: A History of Pediatrics. A. R. Colón.Jacqueline H. Wolf - 2001 - Isis 92 (2):374-375.
  41.  14
    Addressing the Ethical Challenges in Genetic Testing and Sequencing of Children.Ellen Wright Clayton - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):3-9.
    American Academy of Pediatrics and American College of Medical Genetics recently provided two recommendations about predictive genetic testing of children. The Clinical Sequencing Exploratory Research Consortium's Pediatrics Working Group compared these recommendations, focusing on operational and ethical issues specific to decision making for children. Content analysis of the statements addresses two issues: how these recommendations characterize and analyze locus of decision making, as well as the risks and benefits of testing, and whether the guidelines conflict or come to (...)
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  42.  44
    Neonatal Diagnostics: Toward Dynamic Growth Charts of Neuromotor Control.Elizabeth B. Torres, Beth Smith, Sejal Mistry, Maria Brincker & Caroline Whyatt - 2016 - Frontiers in Pediatrics 4:121.
    The current rise of neurodevelopmental disorders poses a critical need to detect risk early in order to rapidly intervene. One of the tools pediatricians use to track development is the standard growth chart. The growth charts are somewhat limited in predicting possible neurodevelopmental issues. They rely on linear models and assumptions of normality for physical growth data – obscuring key statistical information about possible neurodevelopmental risk in growth data that actually has accelerated, non-linear rates-of-change and variability encompassing skewed distributions. Here, (...)
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  43.  5
    Impfungen in der Pädiatrie Und der „Informed Consent”– Balanceakt Zwischen Sozialpaternalismus Und Autonomie.Matthias Dahl - 2002 - Ethik in der Medizin 14 (3):201-214.
    Definition of the problem: In the field of vaccination in pediatrics, the interests of children, parents and the public health authorities have to be taken into consideration. Arguments: An ethical discussion exclusively in the context of informed consent is not sufficient. Vaccinations as a social duty can be legitimated under certain conditions, e. g., if the well-being of the child is in danger. However, a general duty to vaccinate cannot be justified. Empirical studies have demonstrated that non-vaccinators do not (...)
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  44. Essay: Dear Tenzin.Gilbert O. A. Lam - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (1):91-92.
    Global health experiences during medical education can have a profound effect on physicians-in-training. This reflection was written to capture a meaningful moment during the author’s experience in medical school—one that made real the contrast between children from different social circumstances. Now a resident physician in pediatrics, the author carries with him the lessons learned from his time in rural India.
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  45.  10
    [Book Review] Children, Families, and Health Care Decision Making. [REVIEW]Lainie Friedman Ross - 2002 - Ethics 112 (3):639-641.
  46.  61
    Seven Vulnerabilities in the Pediatric Research Subject.Kenneth Kipnis - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (2):107-120.
    Most recent thinking about thevulnerability of research subjects uses a``subpopulation'' focus. So conceived, theproblem is to work out special standards forprisoners, pregnant women, the mentally ill,children, and similar groups. In contrast, an``analytical'' approach would identifycharacteristics that are criteria forvulnerability. Using these criteria, one couldsupport a judgment that certain individuals arevulnerable and identify needed accommodationsif they are to serve as research subjects.Seven such characteristics can be evident inchildren: they commonly lack the capacity tomake mature decisions; they are subject to theauthority of (...)
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  47.  14
    Ethical Issues at the Interface of Clinical Care and Research Practice in Pediatric Oncology: A Narrative Review of Parents' and Physicians' Experiences.Martine C. de Vries, Mirjam Houtlosser, Jan M. Wit, Dirk P. Engberts, Dorine Bresters, Gertjan Jl Kaspers & Evert van Leeuwen - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):18.
    BackgroundPediatric oncology has a strong research culture. Most pediatric oncologists are investigators, involved in clinical care as well as research. As a result, a remarkable proportion of children with cancer enrolls in a trial during treatment. This paper discusses the ethical consequences of the unprecedented integration of research and care in pediatric oncology from the perspective of parents and physicians.MethodologyAn empirical ethical approach, combining a narrative review of qualitative studies on parents' and physicians' experiences of the pediatric oncology research practice, (...)
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  48.  44
    Child Assent and Parental Permission in Pediatric Research.Wilma C. Rossi, William Reynolds & Robert M. Nelson - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (2):131-148.
    Since children are considered incapable ofgiving informed consent to participate inresearch, regulations require that bothparental permission and the assent of thepotential child subject be obtained. Assent andpermission are uniquely bound together, eachserving a different purpose. Parentalpermission protects the child from assumingunreasonable risks. Assent demonstrates respectfor the child and his developing autonomy. Inorder to give meaningful assent, the child mustunderstand that procedures will be performed,voluntarily choose to undergo the procedures,and communicate this choice. Understanding theelements of informed consent has been theparadigm for (...)
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  49.  55
    Harm and Uncertainty in Newborn Intensive Care.Kenneth Kipnis - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (5):393-412.
    There is a broadly held view that neonatologists are ethically obligated to act to override parental nontreatment decisions for imperiled premature newborns when there is a reasonable chance of a good outcome. It is argued here that three types of uncertainty undercut any such general obligation: (1) the vagueness of the boundary at which an infant’s deficits become so intolerable that death could be reasonably preferred; (2) the uncertainty about whether aggressive treatment will result in the survival of a reasonably (...)
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  50.  85
    Über die Würde der Kinder als Patienten.Ulrich Diehl - 2003 - In C. Wiesemann, A. Dörries, G. Wolfslast & A. Simon (eds.), Das Kind als Patient. Campus.
    In der Medizin gehören Kinder neben Ausländern, Behinderten und psychiatrisch Erkrankten zu den besonders vulnerablen Patientengruppen. Im Folgenden soll die Frage nach der Würde der Kinder in medizinethischer Hinsicht behandelt werden. Dazu werden drei Thesen erläutert und begründet: (1.) das Prinzip der Menschenwürde kann nicht ganz außer Acht gelassen werden, wenn Kinder als Patienten in medizinethischer Hinsicht thematisiert werden; (2.) das Prinzip der Menschenwürde wird in der Medizinethik nicht schon vollständig durch die medizinethischen Prinzipien der Patientenautonomie und der Fürsorge für (...)
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