Results for 'perpetrators'

283 found
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  1.  46
    Ethical Distance in Corrupt Firms: How Do Innocent Bystanders Become Guilty Perpetrators?Stelios C. Zyglidopoulos & Peter J. Fleming - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1-2):265-274.
    This paper develops the concept of the ‘continuum of destructiveness’ in relation to organizational corruption. This notion captures the slippery slope of wrongdoing as actors engage in increasingly dubious practices. We identify four kinds of individuals along this continuum in corrupt organizations, who range from complete innocence to total guilt. They are innocent bystanders, innocent participants, active rationalizers and guilty perpetrators. Traditional explanations of how individuals move from bystander status to guilty perpetrators usually focus on socialization and institutional (...)
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  2.  82
    Cruelty's Rewards: The Gratifications of Perpetrators and Spectators.Victor Nell - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):211-224.
    Cruelty is the deliberate infliction of physical or psychological pain on other living creatures, sometimes indifferently, but often with delight. Though cruelty is an overwhelming presence in the world, there is no neurobiological or psychological explanation for its ubiquity and reward value. This target article attempts to provide such explanations by describing three stages in the development of cruelty. Stage 1 is the development of the predatory adaptation from the Palaeozoic to the ethology of predation in canids, felids, and primates. (...)
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  3.  93
    Corruption: Engineers Are Victims, Perpetrators or Both?M. Pecujlija, I. Cosic, L. Nesic-Grubic & S. Drobnjak - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):907-923.
    This study was conducted in Serbian companies on licensed engineers and in its first part included a total of 336 licensed engineers who voluntarily completed the questionnaires about their ethical orientation and attitudes toward corruption and in the second part 214 engineers who participated in the first survey, who voluntarily evaluated their company’s business operations characteristics. This study has clearly shown that there is a direct significant influence of the engineer’s ethical orientations and attitudes toward corruption on their evaluation of (...)
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  4.  53
    Do Duluth Model Interventions With Perpetrators of Domestic Violence Violate Mental Health Professional Ethics?Wan-Yi Chen, Donald Dutton & Kenneth Corvo - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (4):323-340.
    In spite of numerous studies of program outcomes finding little or no positive effect on violent behavior, the Duluth model remains the most common program type of interventions with perpetrators of domestic violence. In addition, Duluth model programs often ignore serious mental health and substance abuse issues present in perpetrators. These and other issues of possible threat to mental health professional ethics are reviewed in light of the court-mandated, compulsory nature of most Duluth model programs and client and (...)
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  5.  63
    Shame, Violence, and Perpetrators' Voices.Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):237-237.
    Fostering shame in societies may not curb violence, because shame is alienating. The person experiencing shame may not care enough about others to curb violent instincts. Furthermore, men may be less shame-prone than are women. Finally, if shame is too prevalent in a society, perpetrators may be reluctant to talk about their actions and motives, if indeed they know their own motives. We may be unable accurately to discover how perpetrators think about their own violence.
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  6.  9
    Holocaust Narratives: Second-Generation “Perpetrators” and the Problem of Liminality.Joanne Pettitt - 2018 - The European Legacy 23 (3):286-300.
    Taking “second-generation perpetrators” to refer to the tension between the guilt of the parents who were actively involved in carrying out Nazi atrocities, and the innocence of their offspring, I posit the oscillation between these positions as a form of liminality. Underpinned by the work of Jacques Derrida and Marianne Hirsch, I discuss this form of liminality in relation to concepts of the ghostly, examining the ways in which Holocaust narratives, literary and cinematic, are haunted by the past. I (...)
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  7.  11
    Psychosocial Characteristics of Men and Women as Perpetrators of Domestic Violence.Maciej Januszek, Magdalena Rode & Danuta Rode - 2015 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 46 (1):53-64.
    The presented study aims to compare men and women, perpetrators of domestic violence in terms of psychosocial characteristics, present conditions of socialization in which the perpetrator grew and the motives for committing violent act against partners. The population of violence offenders under study and its sub-groups did not differ from the norm group in terms of personality traits and temperament. The differences were noticed only in two KSP scales: secure style and avoidance style. The comparison of women and men (...)
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  8.  2
    Typology of Perpetrators of Domestic Violence.Danuta Rode - 2010 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 41 (1):36-45.
    Typology of perpetrators of domestic violence The objective of the research conducted by the author was to obtain an answer to the question: could we distinguish different types of intrafamily violence perpetrators considering a specified profile of personality factors and temperament traits and how domestic violence perpetrators cope with stressful situations? The research was conducted on a group of 325 men who were convicted pursuant to article 207§1 & 2 of harassment over family members. In terms of (...)
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  9.  1
    Victims, Perpetrators and Paternalism: Image Driven Sexting Laws in Connecticut.Laura Vitis - 2019 - Feminist Legal Studies 27 (2):189-209.
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  10.  21
    Changing Internal Representations of Self and Other: Philosophical Tools for Attachment-Informed Psychotherapy With Perpetrators and Victims of Violence.Alexandra Pârvan - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (3):241-255.
    According to attachment theory and research, when individuals' inborn need to create an affectional bond with their caregivers is frustrated through the latter's negligence, absence, rejection, or abuse, they form insecure attachment styles or patterns of relational behavior, which put them at increased risk for both perpetration and receipt of violence, in childhood, youth, and adulthood.Underlying insecure and secure attachment styles are the history, nature, and quality of individuals' interactions with their...
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  11.  9
    Addressing Research Integrity Challenges: From Penalising Individual Perpetrators to Fostering Research Ecosystem Quality Care.Hub Zwart & Ruud ter Meulen - 2019 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 15 (1):1-5.
    Concern for and interest in research integrity has increased significantly during recent decades, both in academic and in policy discourse. Both in terms of diagnostics and in terms of therapy, the tendency in integrity discourse has been to focus on strategies of individualisation. Other contributions to the integrity debate, however, focus more explicitly on environmental factors, e.g. on the quality and resilience of research ecosystems, on institutional rather than individual responsibilities, and on the quality of the research culture. One example (...)
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  12.  4
    What Slaveholders Think: How Contemporary Perpetrators Rationalize What They Do, by Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick: New York: Columbia University Press, 2017.Andrew Kettler - 2019 - Human Rights Review 20 (4):489-491.
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  13.  9
    Recovery After Genocide: Understanding the Dimensions of Recovery Capital Among Incarcerated Genocide Perpetrators in Rwanda.Kevin Barnes-Ceeney, Lior Gideon, Laurie Leitch & Kento Yasuhara - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  14.  30
    The Moderating Effect of Equal Opportunity Support and Confidence in Grievance Procedures on Sexual Harassment From Different Perpetrators.M. Sandy Hershcovis, Sharon K. Parker & Tara C. Reich - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (3):415-432.
    This study drew on three theoretical perspectives – attribution theory, power, and role identity theory – to compare the job-related outcomes of sexual harassment from organizational insiders and organizational outsiders in a sample of UK police officers and police support staff. Results showed that sexual harassment from insiders was related to higher intentions to quit, over-performance demands, and lower job satisfaction, whereas sexual harassment from outsiders was not significantly related to any of the outcome variables investigated. We also examined two (...)
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  15.  33
    Can We Punish the Perpetrators of Atrocities?Antony Duff - unknown
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  16.  1
    What Slaveholders Think: How Contemporary Perpetrators Rationalize What They Do, by Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick.Andrew Kettler - 2019 - Human Rights Review 20 (4):489-491.
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  17.  19
    [Book Review] the Trouble with Blame, Victims, Perpetrators, and Responsibility. [REVIEW]Sharon Lamb - 1997 - Ethics 107 (2):376-378.
  18.  1
    The Detrimental Effect of Sexual Objectification on Targets’ and Perpetrators’ Sexual Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Sexual Coercion.Gemma Sáez, María Alonso-Ferres, Marta Garrido-Macías, Inmaculada Valor-Segura & Francisca Expósito - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  19.  4
    Addressing Research Integrity Challenges: From Penalising Individual Perpetrators to Fostering Research Ecosystem Quality Care.Ruud Meulen & Hub Zwart - 2019 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 15 (1):1-5.
    Concern for and interest in research integrity has increased significantly during recent decades, both in academic and in policy discourse. Both in terms of diagnostics and in terms of therapy, the tendency in integrity discourse has been to focus on strategies of individualisation. Other contributions to the integrity debate, however, focus more explicitly on environmental factors, e.g. on the quality and resilience of research ecosystems, on institutional rather than individual responsibilities, and on the quality of the research culture. One example (...)
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  20.  12
    Perpetrators’ Strategic Communication: Framing and Identity Building on Ethno-Nationalist Terrorists’ Websites.María Martín Villalobos, Arlinda Arizi, Natalia Angulo Mejía, Yulia An & Liane Rothenberger - 2018 - Communications 43 (2):133-171.
    The study explores communication strategies of ethno-nationalist terrorists with respect to their framing and identity building. Strategies of eight ethno-nationalist terrorist groups were analyzed using 70 articles published on the groups’ websites. Three cluster-analytic procedures and a correlational analysis were applied to strategies of problem definition, cause and responsibility attribution, treatment recommendations, and identity building. The analysis revealed various dimensions on which terrorists frame their content. No group-specific strategies of framing and identity building have been found yet, suggesting that the (...)
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  21.  25
    Perpetrators and Social Death: A Cautionary Tale.Lynne Tirrell - 2016 - Metaphilosophy 47 (4-5):585-606.
    Understanding evil requires both addressing the grave wrongs done to the victim and addressing the perpetrator who does these wrongs. Claudia Card's concept of social vitality was developed to explain what génocidaires destroy in their victims. This essay brings that concept into conversation with perpetrator testimony, arguing that the génocidaires’ desire for their own social vitality, achieved through their destruction of the social world of their targets, in fact boomerangs to corrode the vitality of their own lives. This is true (...)
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  22.  1
    Critical Perspectives on Trafficked Persons in Canada and the US: Survivors or Perpetrators?Zainab Batul Naqvi - forthcoming - Feminist Legal Studies.
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  23.  6
    Second Thoughts About Who is First: The Medical Triage of Violent Perpetrators and Their Victims.Azgad Gold & Rael D. Strous - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (5):293-300.
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  24. Witnessing, Credibility, and Female Perpetrators : Eyewitnesses in Television Documentaries About National Socialism.Judith Keilbach - 2007 - In Vera Apfelthaler & Julia Köhne (eds.), Gendered Memories: Transgressions in German and Israeli Film and Theatre. Turia + Kant.
  25.  12
    Discourse of the Postgeneration: Remembrance and Identity of the Descendants of the Perpetrators and the Victims of the Holocaust.Julija Matejic - 2012 - Filozofija I Društvo 23 (3):78-90.
  26.  10
    Can We Punish the Perpetrators of Atrocities?R. A. Duff - 2009 - In Brudholm & Cushman (eds), The Religious in Responses to Mass Atrocities (Cambridge University Press). pp. 79-104.
  27.  7
    Sharon Lamb, The Trouble With Blame: Victims, Perpetrators, and Responsibility. [REVIEW]Katherine Doolin - 2001 - Feminist Legal Studies 9 (2):195-197.
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  28.  11
    Psychiatric Experience with Perpetrators and Countertransference Feelings in the Therapist.J. Lansen - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (Suppl):55-57.
  29.  8
    Book Review:The Trouble with Blame: Victims, Perpetrators, and Responsibility. Sharon Lamb. [REVIEW]Lawrence Blum - 1997 - Ethics 107 (2):376-.
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  30. Women and Violence: The Agency of Victims and Perpetrators.Herjeet Marway & Heather Widdows (eds.) - 2015 - Palgrave MacMillan.
     
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  31. Watching the Documentation Children of the Third Reich (1993) : An Encounter with Descendants of Holocaust Survivors and Children of Perpetrators.Iris Wachsmuth - 2007 - In Vera Apfelthaler & Julia Köhne (eds.), Gendered Memories: Transgressions in German and Israeli Film and Theatre. Turia + Kant.
     
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  32. Perpetrators of Violent Crime as Potential Victims of Research in Prison.Mary Ellen Waithe - 1991 - In D. Sank & D. Caplan (eds.), To Be a Victim. Plenum.
     
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  33. Recovering the Human in Human Rights.Diana Tietjens Meyers - 2014 - Law, Culture, and Humanities:1-30.
    It is often said that human rights are the rights that people possess simply in virtue of being human – that is, in virtue of their intrinsic, dignity-defining common humanity. Yet, on closer inspection the human rights landscape doesn’t look so even. Once we bring perpetrators of human rights abuse and their victims into the picture, attributions of humanity to persons become unstable. In this essay, I trace the ways in which rights discourse ascribes variable humanity to certain categories (...)
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  34.  68
    Is Forgetting Reprehensible? Holocaust Remembrance and the Task of Oblivion.Björn Krondorfer - 2008 - Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (2):233-267.
    "Forgetting" plays an important role in the lives of individuals and communities. Although a few Holocaust scholars have begun to take forgetting more seriously in relation to the task of remembering—in popular parlance as well as in academic discourse on the Holocaust—forgetting is usually perceived as a negative force. In the decades following 1945, the terms remembering and forgetting have often been used antithetically, with the communities of victims insisting on the duty to remember and a society of perpetrators (...)
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  35.  18
    Can a Perpetrator Write a Testimonio? Moral Lessons From the Dark Side.Sumner B. Twiss - 2010 - Journal of Religious Ethics 38 (1):5-42.
    By posing a heuristically provocative question, this essay compares and explores in some detail the testimonies of three infamous perpetrators from the Nazi period—Albert Speer, Rudolph Hoess, and Adolf Eichmann—for what they reveal about their motives, ideological thinking, and strategies of denial and self-deception, as well as influences from their social, political, and cultural context. The conclusion drawn is that many of the external and internal factors at work in them are recognizable to us as features of our own (...)
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  36. The Making of a Torturer.Jessica Wolfendale - forthcoming - In Suzanne C. Knittel & Zachary J. Goldberg (eds.), The Routledge International Handbook of Perpetrator Studies.
    Liberal democracies who perpetrate torture represent an apparent paradox: a flagrant violation of human rights by states supposedly dedicated to protecting human rights. In liberal democracies, the political, social, and legal narratives used to justify torture portray torture as an individual act motivated by important moral values. This individualized torture narrative then shapes the moral framework through which the public, policy-makers, and individual torturers view torture, and masks the institutional nature of torture perpetration. It is this interaction between an individualized (...)
     
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  37.  27
    The Logic of the Goldhagen Debate.Richard Kamber - 2000 - Res Publica 6 (2):155-177.
    Since Daniel J. Goldhagen's Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaustattempts to show that the Holocaust is explicable and can be understood largely in terms of a single cause, “eliminationist anti-Semitism”, it is not surprising that the book has generated an international debate. What is surprising is the magnitude and emotional intensity of the debate. This article argues that the deepest flaws in it Hitler's Willing Executioners,as well as the chasm of disagreement between Goldhagen's detractors and defenders, have as (...)
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  38.  36
    Perpetrator Abhorrence: Disgust as a Stop Sign.Ditte Marie Munch-Jurišić - 2014 - Metaphilosophy 45 (2):270-287.
    Most contemporary research on disgust can be divided into “disgust advocates” and “disgust skeptics.” The so-called advocates argue that disgust can have a positive influence on our moral judgment; skeptics warn that it can mislead us toward prejudice and discrimination. This article compares this disagreement to a structurally similar debate in the field of genocide studies concerning the phenomenon of “perpetrator abhorrence.” While some soldiers report having felt strong disgust in the moment of committing or witnessing atrocity, scholars disagree on (...)
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  39. Responsibility and Global Justice: A Social Connection Model.Iris Marion Young - 2006 - Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (1):102-130.
    The essay theorizes the responsibilities moral agents may be said to have in relation to global structural social processes that have unjust consequences. How ought moral agents, whether individual or institutional, conceptualize their responsibilities in relation to global injustice? I propose a model of responsibility from social connection as an interpretation of obligations of justice arising from structural social processes. I use the example of justice in transnational processes of production, distribution and marketing of clothing to illustrate operations of structural (...)
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  40. Evil, Meaning and Meaning-Makers.Daniel Ambord - 2010 - Ars Disputandi 10:38-49.
    In her work Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God, Marilyn McCord Adams offers an account of the problem of evil that deals with the interaction between certain types of evil and the human capacity for meaning production. This paper attempts to consider certain implications of her presuppositions and, in so doing, to uncover several challenges to her broader project entailed by said implications. More specifically, this paper considers, within the context of Adams’ broader project, the status of perpetrators (...)
     
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  41. The Feasibility Constraint on The Concept of Justice.Anca Gheaus - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (252):445-464.
    There is a widespread belief that, conceptually, justice cannot require what we cannot achieve. This belief is sometimes used by defenders of so-called ‘non-ideal theories of justice’ to criticise so-called ‘ideal theories of justice’. I refer to this claim as ‘the feasibility constraint on the concept of justice’ and argue against it. I point to its various implausible implications and contend that a willingness to apply the label ‘unjust’ to some regrettable situations that we cannot fix is going to enhance (...)
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  42. The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil.Claudia Card - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    What distinguishes evils from ordinary wrongs? Is hatred a necessarily evil? Are some evils unforgivable? Are there evils we should tolerate? What can make evils hard to recognize? Are evils inevitable? How can we best respond to and live with evils? Claudia Card offers a secular theory of evil that responds to these questions and more. Evils, according to her theory, have two fundamental components. One component is reasonably foreseeable intolerable harm -- harm that makes a life indecent and impossible (...)
  43. The Conceptual Foundations of Transitional Justice.Colleen Murphy - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Many countries have attempted to transition to democracy following conflict or repression, but the basic meaning of transitional justice remains hotly contested. In this book, Colleen Murphy analyses transitional justice - showing how it is distinguished from retributive, corrective, and distributive justice - and outlines the ethical standards which societies attempting to democratize should follow. She argues that transitional justice involves the just pursuit of societal transformation. Such transformation requires political reconciliation, which in turn has a complex set of institutional (...)
     
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  44. Punishing Wrongs From the Distant Past.Thomas Douglas - 2019 - Law and Philosophy 38 (4):335-358.
    On a Parfit-inspired account of culpability, as the psychological connections between a person’s younger self and older self weaken, the older self’s culpability for a wrong committed by the younger self diminishes. Suppose we accept this account and also accept a culpability-based upper limit on punishment severity. On this combination of views, we seem forced to conclude that perpetrators of distant past wrongs should either receive discounted punishments or be exempted from punishment entirely. This article develops a strategy for (...)
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  45.  27
    The Reality of Repressed Memories.Elizabeth F. Loftus - unknown
    Repression is one of the most haunting concepts in psychology. Something shocking happens, and the mind pushes it into some inaccessible corner of the unconscious. Later, the memory may emerge into consciousness. Repression is one of the foundation stones on which the structure of psychoanalysis rests. Recently there has been a rise in reported memories of childhood sexual abuse that were allegedly repressed for many years. With recent changes in legislation, people with recently unearthed memories are suing alleged perpetrators (...)
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  46. Consent to Sexual Relations.Alan Wertheimer - 2006 - Law and Philosophy 25 (2):267-287.
    When does a woman give valid consent to sexual relations? When does her consent render it morally or legally permissible for a man to have sexual relations with her? Why is sexual consent generally regarded as an issue about female consent? And what is the moral significance of consent? These are some of the questions discussed in this important book, which will appeal to a wide readership in philosophy, law, and the social sciences. Alan Wertheimer develops a theory of consent (...)
     
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  47.  17
    A Social Influence Interpretation of Workplace Ostracism and Counterproductive Work Behavior.Jun Yang & Darren C. Treadway - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 148 (4):879-891.
    We used social network analysis to examine a theoretical model exploring why, and under what circumstances, the perpetrators’ ostracizing behaviors are accurately perceived by the target employees. In turn, these perceptions of ostracism lead to the target employees’ counterproductive work behaviors. Adopting perspectives from both perpetrators and targets, we directly measured the ostracizing behaviors by all potential perpetrators and perceived workplace ostracism by target employees. We integrate Social information processing theory and conservation of resource theory to propose (...)
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  48.  4
    Working with Research Integrity—Guidance for Research Performing Organisations: The Bonn PRINTEGER Statement.Mira Zöller, Hub Zwart, Knut Vie, Krista Varantola, Marta Tazewell, Margit Sutrop, Thomas Saretzki, Sarah Rijcke, Barend Meulen, Inge Lerouge, Matthias Kaiser, Jacques Janssen, Ingrid Jacobsen, Serge Horbach, Bert Heinrichs, Gloria Fuster, Carlo Casonato, Henriette Bout, Giles Birchley, Sharon Bailey, Frank Anthun & Ellen-Marie Forsberg - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (4):1023-1034.
    This document presents the Bonn PRINTEGER Consensus Statement: Working with Research Integrity—Guidance for research performing organisations. The aim of the statement is to complement existing instruments by focusing specifically on institutional responsibilities for strengthening integrity. It takes into account the daily challenges and organisational contexts of most researchers. The statement intends to make research integrity challenges recognisable from the work-floor perspective, providing concrete advice on organisational measures to strengthen integrity. The statement, which was concluded February 7th 2018, provides guidance on (...)
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  49.  27
    Working with Research Integrity—Guidance for Research Performing Organisations: The Bonn PRINTEGER Statement.Ellen-Marie Forsberg, Frank O. Anthun, Sharon Bailey, Giles Birchley, Henriette Bout, Carlo Casonato, Gloria González Fuster, Bert Heinrichs, Serge Horbach, Ingrid Skjæggestad Jacobsen, Jacques Janssen, Matthias Kaiser, Inge Lerouge, Barend van der Meulen, Sarah de Rijcke, Thomas Saretzki, Margit Sutrop, Marta Tazewell, Krista Varantola, Knut Jørgen Vie, Hub Zwart & Mira Zöller - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (4):1023-1034.
    This document presents the Bonn PRINTEGER Consensus Statement: Working with Research Integrity—Guidance for research performing organisations. The aim of the statement is to complement existing instruments by focusing specifically on institutional responsibilities for strengthening integrity. It takes into account the daily challenges and organisational contexts of most researchers. The statement intends to make research integrity challenges recognisable from the work-floor perspective, providing concrete advice on organisational measures to strengthen integrity. The statement, which was concluded February 7th 2018, provides guidance on (...)
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  50. From My Lai to Abu Ghraib: The Moral Psychology of Atrocity.John M. Doris & Dominic Murphy - 2007 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 31 (1):25–55.
    While nothing justifies atrocity, many perpetrators manifest cognitive impairments that profoundly degrade their capacity for moral judgment, and such impairments, we shall argue, preclude the attribution of moral responsibility.
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