Results for 'personal autonomy'

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  1.  15
    Personal Autonomy: Beyond Negative and Positive Liberty.Robert Young - 2017 - Routledge.
    The concept of personal autonomy is central to discussions about democratic rights, personal freedom and individualism in the marketplace. This book, first published in 1986, discusses the concept of personal autonomy in all its facets. It charts historically the discussion of the concept by political thinkers and relates the concept of the autonomy of the individual to the related discussion in political thought about the autonomy of states. It argues that defining personal (...)
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  2. Kantian Personal Autonomy.Robert S. Taylor - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (5):602-628.
    Jeremy Waldron has recently raised the question of whether there is anything approximating the creative self-authorship of personal autonomy in the writings of Immanuel Kant. After considering the possibility that Kantian prudential reasoning might serve as a conception of personal autonomy, I argue that the elements of a more suitable conception can be found in Kant’s Tugendlehre, or “Doctrine of Virtue”—specifically, in the imperfect duties of self-perfection and the practical love of others. This discovery is important (...)
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  3. Personal Autonomy and Society.Marina A. L. Oshana - 1998 - Journal of Social Philosophy 29 (1):81-102.
  4.  73
    Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy.James Stacey Taylor (ed.) - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Autonomy has recently become one of the central concepts in contemporary moral philosophy and has generated much debate over its nature and value. This 2005 volume brings together essays that address the theoretical foundations of the concept of autonomy, as well as essays that investigate the relationship between autonomy and moral responsibility, freedom, political philosophy, and medical ethics. Written by some of the most prominent philosophers working in these areas, this book represents research on the nature and (...)
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  5. Personal Autonomy.Sarah Buss - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    To be autonomous is to be a law to oneself; autonomous agents are self-governing agents. Most of us want to be autonomous because we want to be accountable for what we do, and because it seems that if we are not the ones calling the shots, then we cannot be accountable. More importantly, perhaps, the value of autonomy is tied to the value of self-integration. We don't want to be alien to, or at war with, ourselves; and it seems (...)
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  6. Personal Autonomy and the Paradox of Feminine Socialization.Diana T. Meyers - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (11):619-628.
  7.  78
    Personal Autonomy and Informed Consent.Lars Øystein Ursin - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (1):17-24.
    Two ways of understanding the notion of autonomy are outlined and discussed in this article, in order to clarify how and if informed consent requirements in biotechnological research are to be justified by the promotion of personal autonomy: A proceduralist conception linking autonomy with authenticity, and a substantivist conception linking autonomy with control. The importance of distinguishing autonomy from liberty is emphasised, which opens for a possible conflict between respecting the freedom and the (...) of research participants. It is argued that this has implications for how consent requirements based on different criteria of specificity and understanding should be viewed and justified. (shrink)
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  8. Personal Autonomy and Social Oppression: Philosophical Perspectives.Marina A. L. Oshana (ed.) - 2014 - Routledge.
    _Personal Autonomy and Social Oppression_ addresses the impact of social conditions, especially subordinating conditions, on personal autonomy. The essays in this volume are concerned with the philosophical concept of autonomy or self-governance and with the impact on relational autonomy of the oppressive circumstances persons must navigate. They address on the one hand questions of the theoretical structure of personal autonomy given various kinds of social oppression, and on the other, how contexts of social (...)
     
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  9.  48
    Personal Autonomy in Society.Philip Parvin - 2007 - Contemporary Political Theory 6 (4):492-496.
  10. Personal Autonomy, Decisional Capacity, and Mental Disorder.Lubomira V. Radoilska - 2012 - In Lubomira Radoilska (ed.), Autonomy and Mental Disorder. Oxford University Press.
    In this Introduction, I situate the underlying project “Autonomy and Mental Disorder” with reference to current debates on autonomy in moral and political philosophy, and the philosophy of action. I then offer an overview of the individual contributions. More specifically, I begin by identifying three points of convergence in the debates at issue, stating that autonomy is: 1) a fundamentally liberal concept; 2) an agency concept and; 3) incompatible with (severe) mental disorder. Next, I explore, in the (...)
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  11.  35
    Personal Autonomy, Social Identity, and Oppressive Social Contexts.Rebekah Johnston - 2017 - Hypatia 32 (2):312-328.
    Attempts to articulate the ways in which membership in socially subordinated social identities can impede one's autonomy have largely unfolded as part of the debate between different types of internalist theories in relation to the problem of internalized oppression. The different internalist positions, however, employ a damage model for understanding the role of social subordination in limiting autonomy. I argue that we need an externalist condition in order to capture the ways in which membership in a socially subordinated (...)
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  12.  19
    Personal Autonomy and Authenticity: Adolescents’ Discretionary Use of Methylphenidate.Amos Fleishmann & Avigayl Kaliski - 2017 - Neuroethics 10 (3):419-430.
    Minors with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorders are liable to use pharmacological treatment against their will and may find their authentic “I” modified. Thus, their use is widely criticized. In this study, the effect of ADHD drugs on adolescents’ personal experience is examined. The goal is to understand how psychological changes that young people experience when they take these medications interrelate with their attitude toward being medicated. Methylphenidate is the most common pharmacological treatment for ADHD. We look into the change that Israeli (...)
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  13.  7
    Personal Autonomy and the Paradox of Feminine Socialization in Eighty-Fourth Annual Meeting American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division.Diana T. Meyers - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (11):619-629.
  14.  56
    Personal Autonomy and Cultural Tradition.Monique Deveaux - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 7:87-92.
    The value and importance accorded to personal autonomy within liberalism would seem to suggest that cultural practices that severely constrain the choices of individuals through heavyhanded role socialization and restriction ought to be strongly discouraged in liberal societies. In this paper, I explore this claim in connection with the custom of arranged marriage, which has recently come under fire in some liberal democratic states, notably Britain. My aim is to try to complicate the liberal understanding of the relationship (...)
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  15.  51
    Is Personal Autonomy the First Principle of Education?Stefaan E. Cuypers - 1992 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 26 (1):5–17.
  16.  12
    Is Personal Autonomy the First Principle of Education?Stefaan E. Cuypers - 1992 - Philosophy of Education 26 (1):5-17.
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  17. Reconsidering Relational Autonomy. Personal Autonomy for Socially Embedded and Temporally Extended Selves.Holger Baumann - 2008 - Analyse & Kritik 30 (2):445-468.
    Most recent accounts of personal autonomy acknowledge that the social environment a person lives in, and the personal relationships she entertains, have some impact on her autonomy. Two kinds of conceptualizing social conditions are traditionally distinguished in this regard: Causally relational accounts hold that certain relationships and social environments play a causal role for the development and ongoing exercise of autonomy. Constitutively relational accounts, by contrast, claim that autonomy is at least partly constituted by (...)
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  18.  12
    Personal Autonomy and Cultural Tradition.Monique Deveaux - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 7:87-92.
    The value and importance accorded to personal autonomy within liberalism would seem to suggest that cultural practices that severely constrain the choices of individuals through heavyhanded role socialization and restriction ought to be strongly discouraged in liberal societies. In this paper, I explore this claim in connection with the custom of arranged marriage, which has recently come under fire in some liberal democratic states, notably Britain. My aim is to try to complicate the liberal understanding of the relationship (...)
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  19.  44
    Personal Autonomy in Society by Marina Oshana.Diana Tietjens Meyers - 2008 - Hypatia 23 (2):202-206.
  20. Kant's Conception of Personal Autonomy.Paul Formosa - 2013 - Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (3):193-212.
    A strong distinction is often made between personal autonomy and moral autonomy. Personal autonomy involves governing yourself in the pursuit of your own conception of the good. Moral autonomy involves legislating the moral law for yourself. Viewed in this way personal autonomy seems at best marginal and at worst a positive hindrance to moral autonomy, since personal autonomy can conflict with moral autonomy. Given that Kantian approaches to morality (...)
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  21.  39
    Personal Autonomy in the Travel Panopticon.Eamon Daly - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (2):97-108.
    I argue in this paper that the development and convergence of information and communication technologies (ICT) is creating a global network of surveillance capabilities which affect the traveler. These surveillance capabilities are reminiscent of 18th century philosopher Jeremy Bentham’s panopticon, and as such the emerging global surveillance network has been referred to as the travel panopticon. I argue that the travel panopticon is corrosive of personal autonomy, and in doing so I describe and analyse various philosophical approaches to (...)
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  22.  29
    Personal Autonomy and Religious Upbringing: The 'Problem'.Peter Gardner - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 25 (1):69–81.
  23.  30
    Personal Autonomy: What’s Content Got to Do With It?John Santiago - 2005 - Social Theory and Practice 31 (1):77-104.
  24.  75
    History and Personal Autonomy.Alfred Mele - 1993 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (2):271 - 280.
    John Christman, in 'Autonomy and Personal History,' advances a novel genetic or historical account of individual autonomy.1 He formulates 'the conditions of the [i.e., his] new model of autonomy' as follows: (i) A person Pis autonomous relative to some desireD if it is the case that P did not resist the development of D when attending to this process of development, or P would not have resisted that development had P attended to the process; (ii) The (...)
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  25.  37
    Personal Autonomy or the Deconstructed Subject? A Reply to Hekman.Diana T. Meyers - 1992 - Hypatia 7 (1):124-132.
    A response to Susan Hekman's article "Reconstituting the Subject: Feminism, Modernism, and Postmodernism" and to her review of Diana T. Meyers' book Self, Society, and Personal Choice both of which appeared in Hypatia 6.
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  26.  57
    Supported Decision‐Making and Personal Autonomy for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities: Article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.Nandini Devi - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):792-806.
    Making decisions is an important component of everyday living, and issues surrounding autonomy and self-determination are crucial for persons with intellectual disabilities. Article 12 (Equal Recognition before the Law) of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities addresses this issue of decision-making for persons with disabilities: the recognition of legal capacity. Legal capacity means recognizing the right to make decisions for oneself. Article 12 is also moving in the direction of supported decision-making, as an alternative to (...)
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  27.  36
    Personal Autonomy and Mental Capacity.Fabian Freyenhagen - 2009 - Psychiatry 8 (12):465-7.
    The Mental Capacity Act 2005 has put the assessment of mental capacity for decision-making at the forefront of psychiatric practice. This capacity is commonly linked within philosophy to autonomy, that is, to the idea, or ideal, of self-government. However, philosophers disagree deeply about what constitutes autonomy. This contribution brings out how the competing conceptions of autonomy would play out in psychiatric practice, taking anorexia nervosa as a test case. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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  28.  6
    Personal Autonomy and Religious Upbringing: The ‘Problem’.Peter Gardner - 1991 - Philosophy of Education 25 (1):69-81.
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  29.  58
    Respect for Personal Autonomy, Human Dignity, and the Problems of Self-Directedness and Botched Autonomy.Y. M. Barilan - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (5):496-515.
    This paper explores the value of respect for personal autonomy in relation to clearly immoral and irrational acts committed freely and intentionally by competent people. Following Berlin's distinction between two kinds of liberty and Darwall's two kinds of respect, it is argued that coercive suppression of nonautonomous, irrational, and self-harming acts of competent persons is offensive to their human dignity, but not disrespectful of personal autonomy. Irrational and immoral choices made by competent people may claim only (...)
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  30. Romantic Love and Personal Autonomy.Marilyn Friedman - 1998 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 22 (1):162-181.
  31.  62
    Personal Autonomy, Posthumous Harm, and Presumed Consent Policies for Organ Procurement.James Stacey Taylor - 2006 - Public Affairs Quarterly 20 (4):381-404.
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  32.  24
    Supported Decision-Making and Personal Autonomy for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities: Article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.Nandini Devi - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):792-806.
    Making decisions is an important component of everyday living, and issues surrounding autonomy and self-determination are crucial for persons with intellectual disabilities. Adults with intellectual disabilities are characterized by the limitations in their intellectual functioning and in their adaptive behavior, which compromises three skill types, and this starts before the age of 18. Though persons with intellectual disabilities are characterized by having these limitations, they are thought to face significant decisionmaking challenges due to their disability. Moving away from this (...)
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  33.  64
    On Respect for Personal Autonomy and the Value Instantiated in Autonomous Choice.Mark Piper - 2009 - Southwest Philosophy Review 25 (1):189-198.
    In this paper I argue for what I call ‘the inherency thesis’: the thesis that an autonomous choice that succeeds in expressing an agent’s authentic identity is inherently prudentially valuable for the choosing agent. I argue that this is the case because autonomous choice is a vehicle for the expression of authentic identity, the satisfaction of which is intrinsically prudentially valuable. Moreover, I argue that no such inherent relation exists between fulfilled autonomous choice and the exemplification of moral, aesthetic or (...)
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  34.  39
    Born Yesterday: Personal Autonomy for Agents Without a Past.David Zimmerman - 1999 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 23 (1):236–266.
  35. Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and Its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy.Marina A. L. Oshana - 2005 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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  36.  37
    Personal Autonomy in Society (Review).Diana Tietjens Meyers - 2008 - Hypatia 23 (2):pp. 202-206.
  37.  71
    Procreation, Power and Personal Autonomy: Feminist Reflections.Anne Donchin - manuscript
    Anne Donchin attended graduate school while raising four children, received her doctorate from the University of Texas in 1970, taught for 18 years in Texas and New York, then joined the philosophy department at Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis in 1982. Here she developed a Women’s Studies program, specialized and in numerous ways pioneered in feminist bioethics, and won two prestigious grants. She co-edited two books, published some forty articles, and co-founded and co-ordinated The International Network on Feminist Approaches to Bioethics. (...)
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  38.  31
    Respect for Persons, Autonomy and Palliative Care.Simon Woods - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (2):243-253.
    .This paper explores some of the values that underpin health care and how these relate more specifically to the values and ethics of palliative care. The paper focuses on the concept of autonomy because autonomy has emerged as a foundational concept in contemporary health care ethics and because this is an opportunity to scratch the surface of this concept in order to reveal something of its complexity, a necessary precaution when applying the concept to the context of palliative (...)
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  39.  35
    Personal Autonomy: Beyond Negative and Positive Liberty.R. F. Atkinson - 1987 - Philosophical Books 28 (3):180-181.
  40.  41
    Depression, Decisional Capacity, and Personal Autonomy.Lubomira V. Radoilska - unknown
    This chapter aims to address two related challenges the phenomenon of depression raises for theories which present autonomy as an agency concept and an independent source of justification. The first challenge is directed at an intuitive conception of intentional agency as implying a robust though not always direct link between evaluation and motivation, for in depression what appears to be choice-worthy does not get chosen. The second challenge targets the feasibility of a reliable distinction between autonomous and non-autonomous choices, (...)
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  41.  38
    Personal Autonomy in Health Settings and Shi’I Islamic Jurisprudence: A Literature Review.Zohrehsadat Naji, Zari Zamani, Sofia A. Koutlaki & Payman Salamati - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (3):435-441.
    Respect for personal autonomy in decision making is one of the four ethical principles in medical circumstances. This paper aims to present evidence that can be considered good exemplars in the clarification of the ethical viewpoints of the western and Shi’i Islamic perspectives on this issue. The method followed was originally a search in international indexing services in April 2016. Our findings point towards various controversies on individuals’ autonomy lead to different decision making outcomes by health workers (...)
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  42.  36
    In Defence of Personal Autonomy.M. Quante - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (10):597-600.
  43.  26
    ‘My Fitbit Thinks I Can Do Better!’ Do Health Promoting Wearable Technologies Support Personal Autonomy?John Owens & Alan Cribb - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 32 (1):23-38.
    This paper critically examines the extent to which health promoting wearable technologies can provide people with greater autonomy over their health. These devices are frequently presented as a means of expanding the possibilities people have for making healthier decisions and living healthier lives. We accept that by collecting, monitoring, analysing and displaying biomedical data, and by helping to underpin motivation, wearable technologies can support autonomy over health. However, we argue that their contribution in this regard is limited and (...)
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  44.  41
    Erasing Traumatic Memories: When Context and Social Interests Can Outweigh Personal Autonomy.Andrea Lavazza - 2015 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 10:3.
    Neuroscientific research on the removal of unpleasant and traumatic memories is still at a very early stage, but is making rapid progress and has stirred a significant philosophical and neuroethical debate. Even if memory is considered to be a fundamental element of personal identity, in the context of memory-erasing the autonomy of decision-making seems prevailing. However, there seem to be situations where the overall context in which people might choose to intervene on their memories would lead to view (...)
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  45.  95
    Are Genetic Self-Tests Dangerous? Assessing the Commercialization of Genetic Testing in Terms of Personal Autonomy.Ludvig Beckman - 2004 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (5-6):387-398.
    Should a growing market for genetic self-tests be welcomed or feared? From the point of view of personal autonomy the increasing availability of predictive health information seems promising. Yet it is frequently pointed out that genetic information about future health may cause anxiety, distress and even loss of “life-hopes.” In this article the argument that genetic self-tests undermine personal autonomy is assessed and criticized. I contend that opportunities for autonomous choice are not reduced by genetic information (...)
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  46.  22
    Personal Autonomy: New Essays on Personal Autonomy and Its Role in Contemporary Moral Philosophy - Edited by James Stacey Taylor.Mikhail Valdman - 2007 - Philosophical Books 48 (4):371-373.
    A review of James Stacey Taylor's "Personal Autonomy".
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  47. Personal Autonomy.Susan Dimock - 1994 - Dissertation, Dalhousie University (Canada)
    This dissertation provides a philosophical analysis of personal autonomy. Personal autonomy is defined as the condition of being self-directed. The conditions which make such self-direction possible are then explored. ;Self-direction requires that one's actions are motivated by authentic reasons for action. One makes some of one's desires authentic by critically reflecting upon and identifying with them. One identifies with a particular desire when one approves of it as a reason for action, thus desiring that it be (...)
     
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  48.  55
    A Non-Ideal Authenticity-Based Conceptualization of Personal Autonomy.Jesper Ahlin Marceta - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (3):387-395.
    Respect for autonomy is a central moral principle in bioethics. The concept of autonomy can be construed in various ways. Under the non-ideal conceptualization proposed by Beauchamp and Childress, everyday choices of generally competent persons are autonomous to the extent that they are intentional and are made with understanding and without controlling influences. It is sometimes suggested that authenticity is important to personal autonomy, so that inauthenticity prevents otherwise autonomous persons from making autonomous decisions. Building from (...)
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  49.  2
    Personal Autonomy in a Post-Secular Society.Raffaela Giovagnoli - 2020 - Philosophies 5 (42):42-0.
    The contemporary philosophical debate on autonomy shows several interesting perspectives that emphasize the role of social contexts for developing this human capacity. There is a shift from the classical notion of “moral” autonomy to the wider notion of “personal autonomy”, and we underscore the “substantive view” that helps to provide arguments that support a plausible notion strictly connected with socialization and language use. In this article, we consider the source of autonomy that is represented by (...)
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  50.  72
    Liberation From Self: A Theory of Personal Autonomy.Bernard Berofsky - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a detailed, sophisticated and comprehensive treatment of autonomy. Moreover it argues for a quite different conception of autonomy from that found in the philosophical literature. Professor Berofsky claims that the idea of autonomy originating in the self is a seductive but ultimately illusory one. The only serious way of approaching the subject is to pay due attention to psychology, and to view autonomy as the liberation from the disabling effects of physiological and psychological afflictions. (...)
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