Results for 'personalised targeting'

553 found
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  1. Privacy, Autonomy, and Personalised Targeting: Rethinking How Personal Data is Used.Karina Vold & Jessica Whittlestone - 2019 - In Carissa Véliz (ed.), Report on Data, Privacy, and the Individual in the Digital Age.
    Technological advances are bringing new light to privacy issues and changing the reasons for why privacy is important. These advances have changed not only the kind of personal data that is available to be collected, but also how that personal data can be used by those who have access to it. We are particularly concerned with how information about personal attributes inferred from collected data (such as online behaviour), can be used to tailor messages and services to specific individuals or (...)
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  2. Two Cheers for “Closeness”: Terror, Targeting and Double Effect.Neil Francis Delaney - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 137 (3):335-367.
    Philosophers from Hart to Lewis, Johnston and Bennett have expressed various degrees of reservation concerning the doctrine of double effect. A common concern is that, with regard to many activities that double effect is traditionally thought to prohibit, what might at first look to be a directly intended bad effect is really, on closer examination, a directly intended neutral effect that is closely connected to a foreseen bad effect. This essay examines the extent to which the commonsense concept of intention (...)
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  3. Conceptual and Terminological Confusion Around Personalised Medicine: A Coping Strategy.Giovanni De Grandis & Vidar Halgunset - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-12.
    The idea of personalised medicine (PM) has gathered momentum recently, attracting funding and generating hopes as well as scepticism. As PM gives rise to differing interpretations, there have been several attempts to clarify the concept. In an influential paper published in this journal, Schleidgen and colleagues have proposed a precise and narrow definition of PM on the basis of a systematic literature review. Given that their conclusion is at odds with those of other recent attempts to understand PM, we (...)
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  4.  35
    Personalised Medicine: A Critique on the Future of Health Care. [REVIEW]Jacqueline Savard - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (2):197-203.
    In recent years we have seen the emergence of “personalised medicine.” This development can be seen as the logical product of reductionism in medical science in which disease is increasingly understood in molecular terms. Personalised medicine has flourished as a consequence of the application of neoliberal principles to health care, whereby a commercial and social need for personalised medicine has been created. More specifically, personalised medicine benefits from the ongoing commercialisation of the body and of genetic (...)
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  5.  42
    The Promise and Perils of Biotech in Personalised Healthcare. Can New Regulatory Pathways Protect the Vulnerable?Giovanni De Grandis - 2018 - Risk and Regulation Magazine 32 (Winter 2018):20-23.
    The paper discusses some of the implications of regulatory innovation in the area of advanced biological therapies and personalised medicine. Benefits, risks and trade-offs are highlighted.
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  6.  21
    PROTACs: An Emerging Targeting Technique for Protein Degradation in Drug Discovery.Shanshan Gu, Danrui Cui, Xiaoyu Chen, Xiufang Xiong & Yongchao Zhao - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (4):1700247.
    Proteolysis-targeting chimeric molecules represent an emerging technique that is receiving much attention for therapeutic intervention. The mechanism is based on the inhibition of protein function by hijacking a ubiquitin E3 ligase for protein degradation. The hetero-bifunctional PROTACs contain a ligand for recruiting an E3 ligase, a linker, and another ligand to bind with the protein targeted for degradation. Thus, PROTACs have profound potential to eliminate “undruggable” protein targets, such as transcription factors and non-enzymatic proteins, which are not limited to (...)
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  7. Personalised Medicine, Individual Choice and the Common Good.Britta van Beers, Sigrid Sterckx & Donna Dickenson (eds.) - 2018 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This is a volume of twelve essays concerning the fundamental tension in personalised medicine between individual choice and the common good.
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  8.  43
    Persönlicher – Besser – Kostengünstiger? Kritische Medizinethische Anfragen an Die „Personalisierte Medizin“More Personal, Better and Cheaper? A Critical Analysis of “Personalised Medicine”.Jochen Vollmann - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):233-241.
    Forschungs- und Therapieansätze einer „personalisierten Medizin“ erhalten gegenwärtig große Aufmerksamkeit und Förderung in Forschung, Wirtschaft und Politik und erwecken große Hoffnungen. Auf der Grundlage molekulargenetischer Biomarker soll ein zielgerichtetes, stratifiziertes Vorgehen im Bereich der Prävention, Diagnostik und Therapie erreicht werden. Häufig wird der Begriff „personalisierte Medizin“ als Synonym für medizinischen Fortschritt überhaupt benutzt und eine persönlichere, bessere und kostengünstigere Medizin versprochen. 1) Fortschritte in der genetischen Forschung können nicht mit besseren medizinischen Behandlungsmöglichkeiten für eine Vielzahl von Patienten gleichgesetzt werden. In (...)
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  9.  19
    From Utopia to Science: Challenges of Personalised Genomics Information for Health Management and Health Enhancement. [REVIEW]Hub Zwart - 2009 - Medicine Studies 1 (2):155-166.
    From 1900 onwards, scientists and novelists have explored the contours of a future society based on the use of “anthropotechnologies” (techniques applicable to human beings for the purpose of performance enhancement ranging from training and education to genome-based biotechnologies). Gradually but steadily, the technologies involved migrated from (science) fiction into scholarly publications, and from “utopia” (or “dystopia”) into science. Building on seminal ideas borrowed from Nietzsche, Peter Sloterdijk has outlined the challenges inherent in this development. Since time immemorial, and at (...)
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  10.  26
    Evidence for Personalised Medicine: Mechanisms, Correlation, and New Kinds of Black Box.Mary Jean Walker, Justin Bourke & Katrina Hutchison - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (2):103-121.
    Personalised medicine has been discussed as a medical paradigm shift that will improve health while reducing inefficiency and waste. At the same time, it raises new practical, regulatory, and ethical challenges. In this paper, we examine PM strategies epistemologically in order to develop capacities to address these challenges, focusing on a recently proposed strategy for developing patient-specific models from induced pluripotent stem cells so as to make individualised treatment predictions. We compare this strategy to two main PM strategies—stratified medicine (...)
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  11.  30
    The Ethics of Expectations: Biobanks and the Promise of Personalised Medicine.Alan Petersen - 2009 - Monash Bioethics Review 28 (1):05-1.
    Expectations play a major role in ‘driving’ biotechnology research and development. However, their ethical significance has been largely overlooked. This article examines the dynamics and ethics of expectations surrounding biotechnologies, focusing on biobanks and the promise of personalised medicines. It explores the personal and social implications of expectations, especially where technologies fail to eventuate. The article identifies the claims and practices that support the expectations pertaining to biotechnologies and some of the factors that work against the fulfilment of predicted (...)
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  12.  22
    Further Tests of a Dynamic‐Adjustment Account of Saccade Targeting During the Reading of Chinese.Yanping Liu, Ren Huang, Dingguo Gao & Erik D. Reichle - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S6).
    There are two accounts of how readers of unspaced writing systems know where to move their eyes: saccades are directed toward default targets ; or saccade lengths are adjusted dynamically, as a function of ongoing parafoveal processing. This article reports an eye-movement experiment supporting the latter hypothesis by demonstrating that the slope of the relationship between the saccade launch site on word N and the subsequent fixation landing site on word N + 1 is > 1, suggesting that saccades are (...)
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  13.  20
    Verbal Instructions Targeting Valence Alter Negative Conditional Stimulus Evaluations.Camilla C. Luck & Ottmar V. Lipp - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (1):61-80.
    Negative conditional stimulus valence acquired during fear conditioning may enhance fear relapse and is difficult to remove as it extinguishes slowly and does not respond to the instruction that unconditional stimulus presentations will cease. We examined whether instructions targeting CS valence would be more effective. In Experiment 1, an image of one person was paired with an aversive US, while another was presented alone. After acquisition, participants were given positive information about the CS+ poser and negative information about the (...)
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  14. From Quantum State Targeting to Bell Inequalities.H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (11):1787-1804.
    Quantum state targeting is a quantum game which results from combining traditional quantum state estimation with additional classical information. We consider a particular version of the game and show how it can be played with maximally entangled states. The optimal solution of the game is used to derive a Bell inequality for two entangled qutrits. We argue that the nice properties of the inequality are direct consequences of the method of construction.
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  15.  48
    Targeting Human Shields.Amir Saemi & Philip Atkins - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (271):328-348.
    In this paper, we are concerned with the morality of killing human shields. Many moral philosophers seem to believe that knowingly killing human shields necessarily involves intentionally targeting human shields. If we assume that the distinction between intention and foresight is morally significant, then this view would entail that it is generally harder to justify a military operation in which human shields are knowingly killed than a military operation in which the same number of casualties result as a merely (...)
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  16.  16
    Tobacco Targeting: The Ethical Complexity of Marketing to Minorities. [REVIEW]Elise Truly Sautter & Nancy A. Oretskin - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (10):1011-1017.
    In recent years, there has been heightened concern regarding the marketing of potentially harmful products (PHPs) to disadvantaged markets. Three issues which commonly dominate discussions in this controversy are: (1) the potential for exploitation of vulnerable markets, (2) the tradeoff between protection of disadvantaged consumers and their rights to make informed choices and (3) the appropriateness of using the commercial speech doctrine to settle the issue of targeting minority markets with PHPs. This paper examines the arguments raised in this (...)
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  17.  8
    Targeting Cancer's Weaknesses : Therapeutic Strategies Suggested by the Atavistic Model.Charles H. Lineweaver, Paul C. W. Davies & Mark D. Vincent - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (9):827-835.
    In the atavistic model of cancer progression, tumor cell dedifferentiation is interpreted as a reversion to phylogenetically earlier capabilities. The more recently evolved capabilities are compromised first during cancer progression. This suggests a therapeutic strategy for targeting cancer: design challenges to cancer that can only be met by the recently evolved capabilities no longer functional in cancer cells. We describe several examples of this target‐the‐weakness strategy. Our most detailed example involves the immune system. The absence of adaptive immunity in (...)
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  18.  53
    Establishing Genotype/Phenotype Relationships: Gene Targeting as an Experimental Approach.Sylvia Culp - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):278.
    In this paper, I examine an experimental technique, gene targeting, used for establishing genotype/phenotype relationships. Through analyzing a case study, I identify many pitfalls that may lead to false conclusions about these relationships. I argue that some of these pitfalls may seriously affect gene targeting's usefulness for associating phenotypes with genes cataloged by the Human Genome Project. This case also shows the use of gene targeted mice as model systems for studying genotype/phenotype relationships in humans. Moreover, I argue (...)
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  19. Targeting Civilian Infrastructure with Smart Bombs: The New Permissiveness.Henry Shue - 2010 - Philosophy and Public Policy Quarterly 30 (3/4):2-8.
    Common sense would suggest that the acquisition of precision-guided munitions should make it easier to avoid “collateral” damage in war. But U.S. military theorists have drawn the opposite conclusion: namely, that the more precise the weapon, the more permissive the standard for targeting should be. Henry Shue explains why this has happened—and why it is factually mistaken and morally misguided.
     
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  20.  16
    Project 'Transparent Earth' and the Autoscopy of Aerial Targeting: The Visual Geopolitics of the Underground.Ryan Bishop - 2011 - Theory, Culture and Society 28 (7-8):270-286.
    The import of underground facilities in military strategy in the US grew exponentially after the Gulf War. The success of precision-guided conventional missiles meant that any above-ground building or complex could be accurately targeted and destroyed, thus driving states with less sophisticated weapons to go underground to secure space for covert weapons development and the protection of command and control centres for military and governmental functions. Underground facilities have thus become the main challenge to objects of detection and targeting (...)
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  21.  6
    It’s Getting Personal: The Ethical and Educational Implications of Personalised Learning Technology.Iris Huis in ’T. Veld & Michael Nagenborg - 2019 - Journal of Philosophy in Schools 6 (1).
    Personalised learning systems—systems that predict learning needs to tailor education to the unique learning needs of individual students—are gaining rapid popularity. Praise for educational technology is often focused on how technology will benefit school systems, but there is a lack of understanding of how it will affect the student and the learning process. By uncovering what the meaning of ‘personal’ is in educational philosophy and as embodied in the technology, we illustrate that these two understandings are different regarding the (...)
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  22.  10
    The Ontology of Personhood: Distinguishing Sober From Enthusiastic Personalised Medicine.Therese Feiler - 2019 - Studies in Christian Ethics 32 (2):254-270.
    In light of the successful occupation of the term ‘person’ for Personalised Medicine, it is necessary to ask what different notions of personhood practically imply. This article examines two. The first is the reductionist molecular individual, embraced by PM enthusiasts. Here the person is a contradictory dividuum, oscillating between increased autonomy and a new, infantilising tech-paternalism. The second relies on a Christ-analogical distinction of two modes. The dramatic amplitude of personal absence-presence then unfolds throughout time. This provides the logic (...)
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  23.  3
    The Role of “Missile” and “Targeting” Metaphors in Nanomedicine.Gry Oftedal - forthcoming - Philosophia Scientiæ.
    In this paper I suggest that the “missile” and the “targeting” metaphors in research on nanoparticle-based drug delivery play different roles. I argue that the “missile” plays a marginal scientific role and a more important role in communication, while “targeting” has become an organizing metaphor for the research field. The reason, I suggest, is that targeting is the main _ explanandum _ of the field and that this metaphor continues to be relevant even as nanomedicine matures towards (...)
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  24.  20
    What Ethical and Legal Principles Should Guide the Genotyping of Children as Part of a Personalised Screening Programme for Common Cancer?N. Hallowell, S. Chowdhury, A. E. Hall, P. Pharoah, H. Burton & N. Pashayan - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (3):163-167.
    Increased knowledge of the gene–disease associations contributing to common cancer development raises the prospect of population stratification by genotype and other risk factors. Individual risk assessments could be used to target interventions such as screening, treatment and health education. Genotyping neonates, infants or young children as part of a systematic programme would improve coverage and uptake, and facilitate a screening package that maximises potential benefits and minimises harms including overdiagnosis. This paper explores the potential justifications and risks of genotyping children (...)
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  25.  6
    Political Cartooning Mocking Mussolini's Opposition: The Left Targeting Itself.Efharis Mascha - 2010 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 6 (2):361-380.
    Political Cartooning Mocking Mussolini's Opposition: The Left Targeting Itself The paper discusses the socialist/leftist political humour during Mussolini's ascendance to power. I am especially concerned with the part of political satire that was drawn by the Left mocking the Left itself. This type of political satire has a specificity very challenging and interesting at the same time. It makes evident the limits of the fascist censor and draws the line between political satire and crude political propaganda. I will analyse (...)
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  26.  6
    Targeting Tumor Suppressor Genes for Cancer Therapy.Yunhua Liu, Xiaoxiao Hu, Cecil Han, Liana Wang, Xinna Zhang, Xiaoming He & Xiongbin Lu - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (12):1277-1286.
    Cancer drugs are broadly classified into two categories: cytotoxic chemotherapies and targeted therapies that specifically modulate the activity of one or more proteins involved in cancer. Major advances have been achieved in targeted cancer therapies in the past few decades, which is ascribed to the increasing understanding of molecular mechanisms for cancer initiation and progression. Consequently, monoclonal antibodies and small molecules have been developed to interfere with a specific molecular oncogenic target. Targeting gain‐of‐function mutations, in general, has been productive. (...)
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  27.  5
    The Construction of a Personalised and Social U-Learning Environment for Third Level Education.Olapeju Latifat Ayoola & Eleni Mangina - 2012 - International Journal of Cyber Ethics in Education 2 (3):45-56.
    This paper presents a ubiquitous learning system, the “Personalised Ubiquitous Learning Platform”, which integrates collaborative and social learning for the enhancement of the third level educational learning experience. University College Dublin provides its students with managed learning environments and adaptive learning via UCD Horizon which enables students to take different courses from different colleges throughout the university. The main objective of this platform is to complement the current MLEs with a single supported intelligent and personalised ubiquitous learning environment (...)
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  28. Targeting the Fetal Body and/or Mother-Child Connection: Vital Conflicts and Abortion.Helen Watt & Anthony McCarthy - 2019 - The Linacre Quarterly:1-14.
    Is the “act itself” of separating a pregnant woman and her previable child neither good nor bad morally, considered in the abstract? Recently, Maureen Condic and Donna Harrison have argued that such separation is justified to protect the mother’s life and that it does not constitute an abortion as the aim is not to kill the child. In our article on maternal–fetal conflicts, we agree there need be no such aim to kill (supplementing aims such as to remove). However, we (...)
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  29.  87
    Evidence‐Based Healthcare, Clinical Knowledge and the Rise of Personalised Medicine.Andrew Miles, Michael Loughlin & Andreas Polychronis - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):621-649.
  30.  84
    Saying 'No!' to Lethal Autonomous Targeting.Noel Sharkey - 2010 - Journal of Military Ethics 9 (4):369-383.
    Plans to automate killing by using robots armed with lethal weapons have been a prominent feature of most US military forces? roadmaps since 2004. The idea is to have a staged move from ?man-in-the-loop? to ?man-on-the-loop? to full autonomy. While this may result in considerable military advantages, the policy raises ethical concerns with regard to potential breaches of International Humanitarian Law, including the Principle of Distinction and the Principle of Proportionality. Current applications of remote piloted robot planes or drones offer (...)
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  31.  7
    Targeting of Widening Participation Measures by Elite Institutions: Widening Access or Simply Aiding Recruitment?Jon Rainford - 2017 - Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education 21 (2-3):45-50.
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  32. The Targeting System of Language.Leonard Talmy - 2017
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  33.  8
    Targeting Procrastination Using Psychological Treatments: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Alexander Rozental, Sophie Bennett, David Forsström, David D. Ebert, Roz Shafran, Gerhard Andersson & Per Carlbring - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  34.  1
    The Human Dimension: Putting the Person Into Personalised Medicine.Rob Horne - 2017 - The New Bioethics 23 (1):38-48.
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  35.  7
    The "imaginary world" of nationalistic ethics: Feasibility constraints on Nordic deportation corridors targeting unaccompanied Afghan minors.Martin Lemberg-Pedersen - 2018 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2:47-68.
    This article examines Swedish, Danish and Norwegian governments’ participation in the European Return Platform for Unaccompanied Minors project and its failed attempts to deport unaccompanied minors to Afghanistan. It argues that ERPUM is an interesting and urgent case of a “deportation corridor”, and suggests that this framework can benefit from analysis through normative and applied ethics and in particular discussions of feasibility constraints. It therefore identifies and critically assesses two nationalistic arguments for deportation common in Nordic politics, based on appeals (...)
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  36. Scientific Dissent and Public Policy. Is Targeting Dissent a Reasonable Way to Protect Sound Policy Decisions?Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & Kristen Intemann - 2013 - EMBO Reports 14 (4):231-35.
     
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  37.  72
    Vaccination Policy and Ethical Challenges Posed by Herd Immunity, Suboptimal Uptake and Subgroup Targeting.J. Luyten, A. Vandevelde, P. Van Damme & P. Beutels - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (3):280-291.
    Vaccination policy is an ethically challenging domain of public policy. It is a matter of collective importance that reaches into the most private sphere of citizens and unavoidably conflicts with individual-based ethics. Policy makers need to walk a tight rope in order to complement utilitarian public health values with individual autonomy rights, protection of privacy, non-discrimination and protection of the worst-off. Whether vaccination is voluntary or compulsory, universal or targeted, every option faces complex ethical hurdles because of the interdependence of (...)
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  38.  16
    Further Insight Into the Effectiveness of a Behavioral Teacher Program Targeting ADHD Symptoms Using Actigraphy, Classroom Observations and Peer Ratings.Betty Veenman, Marjolein Luman & Jaap Oosterlaan - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  39.  5
    The Promise and the Hype of ‘Personalised Medicine’.Tim Maughan - 2017 - The New Bioethics 23 (1):13-20.
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  40.  18
    Defining ‘Medical Necessity’ in an Age of Personalised Medicine: A View From Canada.Timothy Caulfield & Amy Zarzeczny - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (9):813-817.
  41.  4
    Currency Warfare and Just War: The Ethics of Targeting Currencies in War.Ricardo Crespo - 2020 - Journal of Military Ethics 19 (1):2-19.
    Is Currency Warfare defined as, the use of monetary or military force directed against an enemy’s monetary power as part of a military campaign, a just way to fight a war? This article explores the...
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  42.  32
    Wenn es persönlich wird in der „personalisierten Medizin“: Aufklärung und Kommunikation aus klinischer Forscher- und Patientenperspektive im empirisch-ethischen VergleichWhen it gets personal in “personalised medicine”: clinical researchers’ and patients’ perspectives on counseling and communication in an empirical–ethical comparison.Sabine Wöhlke, Arndt Heßling & Silke Schicktanz - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):215-222.
    ZusammenfassungDas Paradigma einer „personalisierten Medizin“ in der klinischen Forschung und Praxis wirft verschiedene Fragen nach Notwendigkeit, Erwartung, Chancen und Risiken auf. In einer laufenden empirisch-ethischen Studie untersuchen wir klinische Forscher- und Patientenperspektiven hinsichtlich des zukünftigen Einsatzes „personalisierter Medizin“ beim Rektumkarzinom. Ziel der Studie ist es, mittels Interviews mit Ärzten/forschern und Patienten und teilnehmender Beobachtung bei Arzt-Patient-Gesprächen ethisch relevante Aspekte der Erforschung und Behandlung im Kontext „personalisierter Medizin“ zu explorieren. Die Analyse von Unterschieden und Gemeinsamkeiten zwischen den Gruppierungen dient der Detektion (...)
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  43.  48
    Personalised Learning: Ambiguities in Theory and Practice.R. J. Campbell, W. Robinson, J. Neelands, R. Hewston & L. Mazzoli - 2007 - British Journal of Educational Studies 55 (2):135-154.
    This paper traces the origins of the concept of personalisation in public sector services, and applies it to school education. The original conceptualisation stressed the need for 'deep' rather than shallow, personalisation, if radical transformation of services were to be achieved. It is argued that as the concept has been disseminated and implemented through policy documents, notably the 2005 White Paper, it has lost its original emphasis on deep personalisation. The focus in this article is particularly upon gifted and talented (...)
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  44.  4
    Targeting and Tailoring an Intervention for Adolescents Who Are Overweight.Kirsti Riiser, Knut Løndal, Yngvar Ommundsen, Nina Misvær & Sølvi Helseth - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (2):237-247.
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  45.  39
    Assassination: Targeting Nuclear Scientists. [REVIEW]Tamar Meisels - 2014 - Law and Philosophy 33 (2):207-234.
    Since 2007, five scientists involved in Iran’s nuclear program have been killed under mysterious circumstances. This is not the first time that nuclear scientists have come under direct attack. Scientists are legally civilians. Like the rest of us, they are protected by laws prohibiting murder and perfidious killing, and enjoy civilian immunity during wartime. Moreover, powerful moral arguments oppose assassination policies specifically. Nevertheless, contemporary theories of just war allow for the partial extension of combatant status to civilians who are either (...)
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  46.  28
    Does Anyone Know the Road From a Randomized Trial to Personalized Medicine? A Review of ‘Treating Individuals. From Randomized Trials to Personalised Medicine’Peter M. Rothwell.Eyal Shahar - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):726-731.
  47.  10
    Targeting and Tailoring an Intervention for Adolescents Who Are Overweight: Some Ethical Concerns.K. Riiser, K. Londal, Y. Ommundsen, N. Misvaer & S. Helseth - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (2):237-247.
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  48.  7
    Evolving Conceptions of Human Rights as a Bourdieusian Distinction Strategy: A Critical Perspective on Policies Targeting Muslim Populations.Aria Nakissa - 2020 - Human Rights Review 21 (1):21-42.
    This article examines post-9/11 efforts by Western governments to instill respect for human rights among the world’s Muslim populations. The article argues that Western discourses on human rights are best conceptualized as a hegemonic Bourdieusian distinction strategy. In a dynamic strategy of this type, new human rights norms are continually produced and subverted by liberal elites in the West. Because these norms are constantly evolving, Muslim social practices can never “catch up” to them. This produces a perpetual distinction between a (...)
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  49.  22
    Transit Peptide Diversity and Divergence: A Global Analysis of Plastid Targeting Signals.Nicola J. Patron & Ross F. Waller - 2007 - Bioessays 29 (10):1048-1058.
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  50.  19
    Nuclear Targeting Signal Recognition: A Key Control Point in Nuclear Transport?David A. Jans, Chong-Yun Xiao & Mark H. C. Lam - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (6):532-544.
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