Results for 'perspective-taking'

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  1.  23
    Spatial Perspective-Taking in Conversation.Michael F. Schober - 1993 - Cognition 47 (1):1-24.
  2.  26
    Unintentional Perspective-Taking Calculates Whether Something is Seen, but Not How It is Seen.Andrew Surtees, Dana Samson & Ian Apperly - 2016 - Cognition 148:97-105.
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  3.  63
    Visual Perspective Taking Impairment in Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder.Antonia F. De C. Hamilton, Rachel Brindley & Uta Frith - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):37-44.
  4.  34
    Empathy, Perspective Taking and Personal Values as Predictors of Moral Schemas.Liisa Myyrya, Soile Juujärvi & Kaija Pesso - 2010 - Journal of Moral Education 39 (2):213-233.
    The aim of this study was to clarify the relationships between empathy variables, personal values and moral reasoning. The impact of empathic concern, perspective taking and personal values measured by the Portrait Value Questionnaire on moral schemas measured by the Defining Issues Test was investigated among 599 students from a university of applied sciences. The results revealed that perspective taking contributed to the post?conventional schema, even after values were added on the hierarchical regression model, and that (...)
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  5.  11
    Perspective-Taking Behavior as the Probabilistic Weighing of Multiple Domains.Daphna Heller, Christopher Parisien & Suzanne Stevenson - 2016 - Cognition 149:104-120.
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  6.  9
    Perspective-Taking in Comprehension, Production, and Memory: An Individual Differences Approach.Rachel A. Ryskin, Aaron S. Benjamin, Jonathan Tullis & Sarah Brown-Schmidt - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (5):898-915.
  7.  89
    Perspective-Taking and Depth of Theory-of-Mind Reasoning in Sequential-Move Games.Jun Zhang, Trey Hedden & Adrian Chia - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (3):560-573.
    Theory-of-mind (ToM) involves modeling an individual’s mental states to plan one’s action and to anticipate others’ actions through recursive reasoning that may be myopic (with limited recursion) or predictive (with full recursion). ToM recursion was examined using a series of two-player, sequential-move matrix games with a maximum of three steps. Participants were assigned the role of Player I, controlling the initial and the last step, or of Player II, controlling the second step. Appropriate for the assigned role, participants either anticipated (...)
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  8.  19
    Visual Perspective-Taking and Schizotypy: Evidence for a Simulation-Based Account of Mentalizing in Normal Adults.Robyn Langdon & Max Coltheart - 2001 - Cognition 82 (1):1-26.
  9.  4
    Perspective Taking in a Novel Signaling Task: Effects of World Knowledge and Contextual Constraint.Justin Sulik & Gary Lupyan - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (11):1619-1640.
  10.  10
    Perspective Taking in Language: Integrating the Spatial and Action Domains.Madeleine E. L. Beveridge & Martin J. Pickering - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  11.  23
    Perspective-Taking and the Attribution of Ignorance.Gordon Sammut & Mohammad Sartawi - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (2):181-200.
    Ignorance has been both vilified and celebrated throughout the ages. However, the social sciences have had little to say about this topic over the years. In this paper, we argue that in an age of competing and contrasting worldviews, scholarly attention to ignorance can shed light on interpersonal processes and relational dynamics that occur in encounters between subjects holding different points of view. We discuss data from two studies documenting an attribution of ignorance in social relations that serves to relegate (...)
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  12.  12
    A Conceptual Analysis of Perspective Taking in Support of Socioscientific Reasoning.Sami Kahn & Dana L. Zeidler - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (6-7):605-638.
    Perspective taking is a critical yet tangled construct that is used to describe a range of psychological processes and that is applied interchangeably with related constructs. The resulting ambiguity is particularly vexing in science education, where although perspective taking is recognized as critical to informed citizens’ ability to negotiate scientifically related societal issues, or socioscientific issues via socioscientific reasoning, the precise nature of perspective taking remains elusive. To operationalize perspective taking, a theoretical (...)
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  13.  11
    Visual Perspective Taking in Young and Older Adults.Andrew K. Martin, Garon Perceval, Islay Davies, Peter Su, Jasmine Huang & Marcus Meinzer - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  14.  6
    Active Perspective Taking Induces Flexible Use of Self-Knowledge During Social Inference.Andrew R. Todd, Austin J. Simpson & Diana I. Tamir - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (12):1583-1588.
  15.  18
    When Empathic Concern and Perspective Taking Matter for Ethical Judgment: The Role of Time Hurriedness.Irina Cojuharenco & Francesco Sguera - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (3):717-725.
    Based on a dual process view of ethical judgment, we examine the role of empathic concern and perspective taking on the acceptability of lying to protect the company. We hypothesize that these traits will matter to a different extent under conditions of high and low perceived time hurriedness. Our research hypotheses are tested in a survey of 134 US workers. Results show that empathic concern reduces the acceptability of lying to protect the company for individuals who tend to (...)
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  16.  46
    Perspective Taking as the Royal Avenue to Empathy.Jean Decety - 2005 - In B. Malle & S. Hodges (eds.), Other Minds: How Humans Bridge the Gap Between Self and Others. Guilford Press. pp. 135--149.
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  17. Visuospatial Perspective Taking in a Dynamic Environment: Perceiving Moving Objects From a First-Person-Perspective Induces a Disposition to Act☆.H. Kockler, L. Scheef, R. Tepest, N. David, B. H. Bewernick, A. Newen, H. H. Schild, M. May & K. Vogeley - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (3):690-701.
  18.  3
    Perspective-Taking in Sentence Comprehension: Time and Empathy.Shingo Tokimoto & Naoko Tokimoto - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  19.  1
    Perspective Taking as Virtual Navigation? Perceptual Simulation of What Others See Reflects Their Location in Space but Not Their Gaze.Eleanor Ward, Giorgio Ganis, Katrina L. McDonough & Patric Bach - 2020 - Cognition 199:104241.
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  20. Particularity and Perspective Taking: On Feminism and Habermas's Discourse Theory of Morality.Charles Wright - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (4):47-74.
    : Seyla Benhabib's critique of Jürgen Habermas's moral theory claims that his approach is not adequate for the needs of a feminist moral theory. I argue that her analysis is mistaken. I also show that Habermas's moral theory, properly understood, satisfies many of the conditions identified by feminist moral philosophers as necessary for an adequate moral theory. A discussion of the compatibility between the model of reciprocal perspective taking found in Habermas's moral theory and that found in María (...)
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  21.  36
    Cultural Effect on Perspective Taking in Chinese–English Bilinguals.Kevin K. S. Luk, Wen S. Xiao & Him Cheung - 2012 - Cognition 124 (3):350-355.
    Some recent evidence has suggested that perspective taking skills in everyday life situations may differ across cultural groups. In the present study, we investigated this effect via culture priming in a group of Chinese-English bilingual adults in the context of a communication game. Results showed that the participants made more perspective taking errors when interpreting the game instruction under the Western than the Chinese primes. The findings suggest that the ability to assume others' mental states not (...)
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  22. Level of Social Perspective Taking and the Development of Empathy in Children: Speculations From a Social‐Cognitive Viewpoint.Robert L. Selman - 1975 - Journal of Moral Education 5 (1):35-43.
    Abstract: A cognitive?developmental approach to the phenomenon of empathy attempts to describe the age related (but not age specific) development of empathic understanding as a function of the development of basic social?cognitive processes and concepts. Recent research indicates that there are developmental levels in the process by which the child comes to know how his own view of self and other relates to the view of other (social perspective?taking) and related levels in conceptions of persons. Drawing upon our (...)
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  23.  73
    Sympathy and PerspectiveTaking in Confucian Ethics.Justin Tiwald - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (10):663-674.
    This article spells out a forgotten debate in Confucian ethics that concerns the finer points of empathy, sympathy, and perspective-taking (sometimes called ‘role-taking’). The debate’s central question is whether sympathy is more virtuous when it is automatic and other-focused – that is, when we engage in perspective-taking without conscious effort and sympathize without significant reference to our selves or our own feelings.
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  24. The Evolution and Development of Visual Perspective Taking.Ben Phillips - 2019 - Mind and Language 34 (2):183-204.
    I outline three conceptions of seeing that a creature might possess: ‘the headlamp conception,’ which involves an understanding of the causal connections between gazing at an object, certain mental states, and behavior; ‘the stage lights conception,’ which involves an understanding of the selective nature of visual attention; and seeing-as. I argue that infants and various nonhumans possess the headlamp conception. There is also evidence that chimpanzees and 3-year-old children have some grasp of seeing-as. However, due to a dearth of studies, (...)
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  25.  82
    Moral Emotions and Unethical Bargaining: The Differential Effects of Empathy and Perspective Taking in Deterring Deceitful Negotiation. [REVIEW]Taya R. Cohen - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (4):569-579.
    Two correlational studies tested whether personality differences in empathy and perspective taking differentially relate to disapproval of unethical negotiation strategies, such as lies and bribes. Across both studies, empathy, but not perspective taking, discouraged attacking opponents' networks, misrepresentation, inappropriate information gathering, and feigning emotions to manipulate opponents. These results suggest that unethical bargaining is more likely to be deterred by empathy than by perspective taking. Study 2 also tested whether individual differences in guilt proneness (...)
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  26.  17
    A Review of Visual Perspective Taking in Autism Spectrum Disorder. [REVIEW]Amy Pearson, Danielle Ropar & Antonia F. de C. Hamilton - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  27.  4
    Commentary: Metacognition and Perspective-Taking in Alzheimer's Disease: A Mini-Review.Rosalba Morese, Stanziano Mario & Sara Palermo - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  28.  5
    Picturing Perspectives: Development of Perspective-Taking Abilities in 4- to 8-Year-Olds.Andrea Frick, Wenke Mã¶Hring & Nora S. Newcombe - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  29.  12
    Intergroup Visual Perspective-Taking: Shared Group Membership Impairs Self-Perspective Inhibition but May Facilitate Perspective Calculation.Austin J. Simpson & Andrew R. Todd - 2017 - Cognition 166:371-381.
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  30. Embodied and Disembodied Cognition: Spatial Perspective-Taking.Barbara Tversky & Bridgette Martin Hard - 2009 - Cognition 110 (1):124-129.
    Although people can take spatial perspectives different from their own, it is widely assumed that egocentric perspectives are natural and have primacy. Two studies asked respondents to describe the spatial relations between two objects on a table in photographed scenes; in some versions, a person sitting behind the objects was either looking at or reaching for one of the objects. The mere presence of another person in a position to act on the objects induced a good proportion of respondents to (...)
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  31.  11
    Particularity and Perspective Taking: On Feminism and Habermas's Discourse Theory of Morality.Charles Wright - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (4):49-76.
    Seyla Benhabib's critique of Jürgen Habermas's moral theory claims that his approach is not adequate for the needs of a feminist moral theory. I argue that her analysis is mistaken. I also show that Habermas's moral theory, properly understood, satisfies many of the conditions identified by feminist moral philosophers as necessary for an adequate moral theory. A discussion of the compatibility between the model of reciprocal perspective taking found in Habermas's moral theory and that found in Maria Lugones's (...)
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  32.  12
    Level 2 Perspective-Taking Distinguishes Automatic and Non-Automatic Belief-Tracking.Katheryn Edwards & Jason Low - 2019 - Cognition 193:104017.
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  33.  10
    Interacting Timescales in Perspective-Taking.Rick Dale, Alexia Galati, Camila Alviar, Pablo Contreras Kallens, Adolfo G. Ramirez-Aristizabal, Maryam Tabatabaeian & David W. Vinson - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  34.  7
    Relating Spatial Perspective Taking to the Perception of Other's Affordances: Providing a Foundation for Predicting the Future Behavior of Others.Sarah H. Creem-Regehr, Kyle T. Gagnon, Michael N. Geuss & Jeanine K. Stefanucci - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  35.  2
    Preserved Perspective Taking in Free Indirect Discourse in Autism Spectrum Disorder.Juliane T. Zimmermann, Sara Meuser, Stefan Hinterwimmer & Kai Vogeley - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Perspective taking has been proposed to be impaired in persons with autism spectrum disorder, especially when implicit processing is required. In narrative texts, language perception and interpretation is fundamentally guided by taking the perspective of a narrator. We studied perspective taking in the linguistic domain of so-called Free Indirect Discourse, during which certain text segments have to be interpreted as the thoughts or utterances of a protagonist without explicitly being marked as thought or speech (...)
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  36.  38
    Toward Integrative Dynamic Models for Adaptive Perspective Taking.Nicholas Duran, Rick Dale & Alexia Galati - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (4):761-779.
    In a matter of mere milliseconds, conversational partners can transform their expectations about the world in a way that accords with another person's perspective. At the same time, in similar situations, the exact opposite also appears to be true. Rather than being at odds, these findings suggest that there are multiple contextual and processing constraints that may guide when and how people consider perspective. These constraints are shaped by a host of factors, including the availability of social and (...)
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  37.  49
    Contractualism and the Significance of Perspective-Taking.Peter Timmerman - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (5):909-925.
    Many of us think that perspective-taking is relevant to moral judgment. In this paper I claim that Scanlon’s contractualism provides an appealing and distinctive account of why this is so. Contractualism interprets our moral judgments as making claims about the reasons of individuals in various situations, reasons that we can only recognise by considering their perspectives. Contractualism thereby commits itself to the view that our capacity for moral judgment depends on our capacity for perspective-taking. I show (...)
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  38.  1
    Perspective-Taking With Deictic Motion Verbs in Spanish: What We Learn About Semantics and the Lexicon From Heritage Child Speakers and Adults.Michele Goldin, Kristen Syrett & Liliana Sanchez - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In English, deictic verbs of motion, such as come can encode the perspective of the speaker, or another individual, such as the addressee or a narrative protagonist, at a salient reference time and location, in the form of an indexical presupposition. By contrast, Spanish has been claimed to have stricter requirements on licensing conditions for venir, only allowing speaker perspective. An open question is how a bilingual learner acquiring both English and Spanish reconciles these diverging language-specific restrictions. We (...)
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  39.  9
    The Role of Perspective Taking and Emotions in Punishing Identified and Unidentified Wrongdoers.Tehila Kogut - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (8):1491-1499.
  40.  5
    Perspective Taking in Workplaces.Salvatore Zappalà - 2014 - Journal for Perspectives of Economic Political and Social Integration 19 (1-2):55-70.
    Workplaces are often described as places in which individuals are motivated by their self-interests and in which negative events like time pressure, anxiety, conflict with co-workers, miscomprehensions, difficulties in solving problems, not-transmitted or not-exchanged information that lead to mistakes, and in some cases to injuries, stress or control, are part of everyday life. Such situations are often the result of the limited comprehension of needs, skills, or information available to colleagues, supervisors, subordinates, clients or providers. However, workplaces are also places (...)
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  41.  14
    Social and Representational Cues Jointly Influence Spatial PerspectiveTaking.Alexia Galati & Marios N. Avraamides - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (4):739-765.
    We examined how social cues and representational ones jointly shape people's spatial memory representations and their subsequent descriptions. In 24 pairs, Directors studied an array with a symmetrical structure while either knowing their Matcher's subsequent viewpoint or not. During the subsequent description of the array, the array's intrinsic structure was aligned with the Director, the Matcher, or neither partner. According to memory tests preceding descriptions, Directors who had studied the array while aligned with its structure were more likely to use (...)
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  42.  10
    A Theory of Affective Communication: On the Phenomenological Foundations of Perspective Taking.Christian Julmi - 2018 - Human Studies 41 (4):623-641.
    Although some scholars acknowledge the decisive role of the felt body in the process of perspective taking, the precise role of the felt body remains unclear. In this paper, a theory of affective communication is developed in order to explain and understand the process of perspective taking in human interaction on a corporeal, pre-reflective and thus affective level. The key assumption of the outlined theory is that any process of perspective taking is essentially based (...)
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  43.  17
    Experimental Manipulations of Perspective Taking and Perspective Switching in Expressive Writing.Yi-Tai Seih, Cindy K. Chung & James W. Pennebaker - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (5):926-938.
  44.  16
    Empathy Gaps in Emotional Perspective Taking.Leaf Van Boven & George Loewenstein - 2005 - In B. Malle & S. Hodges (eds.), Other Minds: How Humans Bridge the Gap Between Self and Others. Guilford Press.
  45.  20
    The Embodied Nature of Spatial Perspective Taking: Embodied Transformation Versus Sensorimotor Interference.Klaus Kessler & Lindsey Anne Thomson - 2010 - Cognition 114 (1):72-88.
  46.  30
    Similarities and Differences in Visual and Spatial Perspective-Taking Processes.Andrew Surtees, Ian Apperly & Dana Samson - 2013 - Cognition 129 (2):426-438.
  47.  5
    Particularity and Perspective Taking: On Feminism and Habermas's Discourse Theory of Morality.Charles Wright - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (4):47-74.
  48.  1
    Visual Perspective-Taking and Image-Like Representations: We Don't See It.Steven Samuel, Klara Hagspiel, Madeline J. Eacott & Geoff G. Cole - 2021 - Cognition 210:104607.
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  49.  21
    Anxious and Egocentric: How Specific Emotions Influence Perspective Taking.Andrew R. Todd, Matthias Forstmann, Pascal Burgmer, Alison Wood Brooks & Adam D. Galinsky - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (2):374-391.
  50.  14
    Perspective Taking and Emotion: The Case of Disgust and Sadness.Limor Binyamin-Suissa, Natali Moyal, Alona Naim & Avishai Henik - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 74:102773.
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