Results for 'philosophical methods'

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  1.  24
    Philosophical Methods Under Scrutiny: Introduction to the Special Issue "Philosophical Methods".Anna-Maria A. Eder, Insa Lawler & Raphael van Riel - 2020 - Synthese 197 (3):915-923.
    This paper is the introduction to the Special Issue “Philosophical Methods”. The Special Issue will be published by Synthese.
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  2.  86
    Philosophical Method and Intuitions as Assumptions.Kevin Patrick Tobia - 2015 - Metaphilosophy 46 (4-5):575-594.
    Many philosophers claim to employ intuitions in their philosophical arguments. Others contest that no such intuitions are used frequently or at all in philosophy. This article suggests and defends a conception of intuitions as part of the philosophical method: intuitions are special types of philosophical assumptions to which we are invited to assent, often as premises in argument, that may serve an independent function in philosophical argument and that are not formed through a purely inferential process. (...)
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  3.  14
    Philosophical Method: A Very Short Introduction.Timothy Williamson - 2020 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Is philosophy a unique discipline, or are its methods more like those of other sciences than many philosophers think? Timothy Williamson explains clearly and concisely how contemporary philosophers think and work, and reflects on their powers and limitations.
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  4.  10
    Philosophical Method.John McDowell - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Research 40 (Supplement):25-29.
    I do not believe that it is in general a good thing for philosophers to concern themselves with philosophical method. But in these remarks I discuss an exception, which arises in the interpretation of Wittgenstein. What Wittgenstein does in his Philosophical Investigations cannot be properly understood except in the context of appreciating his explicitly methodological remarks, in which he in effect disclaims any intention to say anything that might be open to dispute. I try to explain how that (...)
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  5.  19
    Philosophical Method.Russell Marcus - 2019 - The Philosophers' Magazine 85:62-67.
  6. The problem of philosophical method.Fernando Eliécer Vásquez Barba - 2023 - Analítica 3 (1):83-109.
    The main objective of this paper is to address the problem of the philosophical method, which consists of the lack of consensus among philosophers regarding the proper procedure to carry out this human activity. In this sense, it examines a few methodological proposals put forward by some representatives of contemporary philosophy, emphasizing the impact that the development of modern science has had on such views. In addition, the plausibility of such proposals is assessed.
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  7.  83
    Pragmatism and Philosophical Methods.Andrew Howat - forthcoming - In Scott Aikin and Robert Talisse (ed.), Routledge Companion to Pragmatism. Routledge.
    Philosophical methodology is the central focus of pragmatism’s founding documents. The early works of Peirce, James, and Dewey examine methodological questions such as ‘how do we make philosophical ideas clear?’, ‘what is the best method for fixing belief?’ and ‘how do we know whether a philosophical question is answerable?’. Thus, many consider pragmatism inherently methodological – as a metaphilosophy, a view about how philosophy should or must be done (e.g. Talisse 2017). Any summary of pragmatist methods (...)
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  8.  19
    Heidegger’s Concept of Philosophical Method : Innovating Philosophy in the Age of Global Warming.Vincent Blok - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    "This book provides new interpretations of Heidegger's philosophical method in light of 20th-century postmodernism and 21st-century speculative realism. In doing so, it raises important questions about philosophical method in the age of global warming and climate change. Vincent Blok addresses topics that have yet to be extensively discussed in Heidegger scholarship, including Heidegger's method of questioning, the religious character of Heidegger's philosophical method and Heidegger's conceptualization of philosophical method as explorative confrontation. He is also critical of (...)
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  9.  21
    The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophical Methods.Chris Daly (ed.) - 2015 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophical Methods contains twenty-six original and substantive papers examining a wide selection of philosophical methods. Drawing upon an international range of leading contributors, this Handbook will help shape future debates about how philosophy should be done. Topics explored include philosophical disagreement, thought experiments, intuitions, rational reflection, conceptual analysis, explanation, parsimony, and experimental philosophy. Written in a clear and accessible form, and drawing upon the most recent thinking in the field, the papers (...)
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  10.  12
    Calcidius’ Philosophical Method.Christina Maria Hoenig - 2021 - Ancient Philosophy 41 (1):185-206.
  11.  6
    Philosophic Method and Educational Issues: The Legacy of Richard Peters.Robin Barrow - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (3):717-730.
    My discussion suggests that one of Richard Peters’ main contributions to the philosophy of education was in expounding and stressing the need for a particular view of the subject, essentially conceptual analysis. The paper proceeds to defend this view and Peters’ specific account of education against the charges that his work relies simply on preferred definitions and that it is unwarrantably prescriptive. The practical value of this kind of philosophy is then further assessed, while in the final section attention is (...)
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  12.  13
    Philosophical method and the theory of predication and identity.Hector-Neri Castaneda - 1978 - Noûs 12 (2):189-210.
    The problems of referential opacity in psychological contexts require a solution, of which three types are indicated, that contains a profound theory of predication, identity, and individuation. a radical theory, not in the spirit of the current fashions, is outlined. it is called the guise-consubstantiation, conflation, and consociation theory. this theory was first expounded in "thinking and the structure of the world," "philosophia" (1974) and "critica" (1972). the present paper is an introduction to this essay, motivated by two criticisms of (...)
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  13. On Philosophical Method.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1983 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 37 (4):656-659.
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  14.  10
    On Anscombe's Philosophical Method [reprint from Klesis Revue Philosophique].Ulf Hlobil & Katharina Nieswandt - 2019 - In John Haldane (ed.), The Life and Philosophy of Elizabeth Anscombe. Imprint Academic. pp. 42-61.
    While many of Elizabeth Anscombe’s philosophical views are well-known (e.g. her views on practical knowledge or consequentialism), little has been written on her philosophical method, i.e., on her way of doing philosophy. This is unfortunate, for two reasons: First, the failure to understand Anscombe’s method is a major stumbling block for many of her readers. Second, and more importantly, we can still learn a lot from Anscombe’s way of doing philosophy: Her view differs considerably from current alternatives in (...)
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  15.  8
    Phenomenology as philosophical method.Piana Giovanni - 2016 - Metodo. International Studies in Phenomenology and Philosophy 4 (1):183-204.
    Against the background of Gestalt psychology, the author argues that the phenomenological method is not a generic plea for philosophical innocence or the appeal to a conscious dismantling of every kind of unconscious prejudices, but rather the uncovering of a set of well-determined opinions, with precise theoretical consequences, mostly inspired by psychological associationism. The theoretical core of phenomenology as a philosophical method and Husserl’s attempt to use it for responding to the appeals and tensions of his historical moment (...)
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  16.  7
    An Introduction to Philosophical Methods.Christopher Daly - 2010 - Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
    _An Introduction to Philosophical Methods_ is the first book to survey the various methods that philosophers use to support their views. Rigorous yet accessible, the book introduces and illustrates the methodological considerations that are involved in current philosophical debates. Where there is controversy, the book presents the case for each side, but highlights where the key difficulties with them lie. While eminently student-friendly, the book makes an important contribution to the debate regarding the acceptability of the various (...)
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  17.  13
    Illness, phenomenology, and philosophical method.Havi Hannah Carel - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (4):345-357.
    In this article, I propose that illness is philosophically revealing and can be used to explore human experience. I suggest that illness is a limit case of embodied experience. By pushing embodied experience to its limit, illness sheds light on normal experience, revealing its ordinary and thus overlooked structure. Illness produces a distancing effect, which allows us to observe normal human behavior and cognition via their pathological counterpart. I suggest that these characteristics warrant illness a philosophical role that has (...)
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  18. Avner Baz's Ordinary Language Challenge to the Philosophical Method of Cases.Paul Oghenovo Irikefe - 2022 - Dialectica 999 (1).
    Avner Baz argues that the philosophical method of cases presupposes a problematic view of language and linguistic competence, namely what he calls "the atomistic-compositional view". Combining key elements of social pragmatism and contextualism, Baz presents a view of language and linguistic competence, which he takes to be more sensitive to the open-endedness of human language. On this view, there are conditions for the "normal" and "felicitous" use of human words, conditions that Baz thinks are lacking in the context of (...)
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  19.  12
    Experimental Philosophy, Rationalism, and Naturalism: Rethinking Philosophical Method.Eugen Fischer & John Collins (eds.) - 2015 - London: Routledge.
    Experimental philosophy is one of the most exciting and controversial philosophical movements today. This book explores how it is reshaping thought about philosophical method. Experimental philosophy imports experimental methods and findings from psychology into philosophy. These fresh resources can be used to develop and defend both armchair methods and naturalist approaches, on an empirical basis. This outstanding collection brings together leading proponents of this new meta-philosophical naturalism, from within and beyond experimental philosophy. They explore how (...)
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  20.  10
    Philosophical Method of Dioscorides’s De Materia Medica.Marina Marren & Kevin Marren - 2023 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 13 (1):180-198.
    It is commonly thought that Dioscorides’s view on medicine is purely pragmatic, focused entirely on the effectiveness of medicines, and derived from trial and error. One reason for this interpretation is that Dioscorides himself wrote little about his theory of medicine. In this article, however, we argue that he would have arranged De Materia Medica in a way that would have been useful only to a skilled practitioner. This argument implies that Dioscorides had a medical theory, as the arrangement of (...)
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  21.  18
    An Introduction to Philosophical Methods.Chris Daly - 2010 - Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
    An Introduction to Philosophical Methods is the first book to survey the various methods that philosophers use to support their views. Rigorous yet accessible, the book introduces and illustrates the methodological considerations that are involved in current philosophical debates. Where there is controversy, the book presents the case for each side, but highlights where the key difficulties with them lie. While eminently student-friendly, the book makes an important contribution to the debate regarding the acceptability of the (...)
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  22. VI—Paradoxes as Philosophical Method and Their Zenonian Origins.Barbara M. Sattler - 2021 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 121 (2):153-181.
    In this paper I show that one of the most fruitful ways of employing paradoxes has been as a philosophical method that forces us to reconsider basic assumptions. After a brief discussion of recent understandings of the notion of paradoxes, I show that Zeno of Elea was the inventor of paradoxes in this sense, against the background of Heraclitus’ and Parmenides’ way of argumentation: in contrast to Heraclitus, Zeno’s paradoxes do not ask us to embrace a paradoxical reality; and (...)
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  23.  20
    Philosophical method and Galileo's paradox of infinity.Matthew W. Parker - 2009 - In Bart Van Kerkhove (ed.), New Perspectives on Mathematical Practices: Essays in Philosophy and History of Mathematics. World Scientific.
    We consider an approach to some philosophical problems that I call the Method of Conceptual Articulation: to recognize that a question may lack any determinate answer, and to re-engineer concepts so that the question acquires a definite answer in such a way as to serve the epistemic motivations behind the question. As a case study we examine “Galileo’s Paradox”, that the perfect square numbers seem to be at once as numerous as the whole numbers, by one-to-one correspondence, and yet (...)
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  24.  2
    Conceptual tuning : a philosophical method.Yuanfan Huang - 2017 - Dissertation, L'universite de Lyon
    Different human practices require various methods to carry them out successfully. Philosophy, an activity with 2500 years of history, must also have its own method, which demarcates a philosopher from a lay person. This thesis embarks on a project of philosophical method—conceptual tuning. How to do philosophy belongs to the category of metaphilosophy or philosophy of philosophy. Boxers usually do not care about the conceptual question ‘What is boxing?’ and biologists barely ask ‘What is Biology?’. For them, this (...)
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  25.  1
    Heidegger’s Concept of Philosophical Method: Innovating Philosophy in the Age of Global Warming.Jessica Ludescher Imanaka - 2020 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 52 (3):262-264.
    Blok makes a compelling case for renewed consideration of philosophical method in the pressing context of environmental threats, plunging readers into the depths of Heidegger’s philosophical method...
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  26.  24
    History and Philosophical Method: Hegel, Stewart, and Chinese Religion.Andrew Komasinski - 2022 - The Owl of Minerva 53 (1):1-29.
    Here, I consider three issues in Jon Stewart’s Hegel’s Interpretation of the Religions of the World chapter on Hegel’s treatment of Chinese religions in the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion. First, I show how Stewart’s compilation of multiple courses into one unified entity hides the substantial promotion of its status in the 1831 lectures. Second, I contend that rather than identifying Hegel’s Chinese religion with the ancient Zhou practices as Stewart does, Hegel sees it as referring to state Ruism (...)
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  27.  4
    Lewis's Philosophical Method.Daniel Nolan - 2015 - In Barry Loewer & Jonathan Schaffer (eds.), A companion to David Lewis. Chichester, West Sussex ;: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 23–39.
    Lewis is famous as a contemporary philosophical system‐builder. The most obvious way his philosophy exhibited a system was in its content: Lewis's metaphysics provided answers to many metaphysical puzzles in an integrated way. In this chapter, the author offers some suggestions about how Lewis's own methodological stances can be improved. The chapter begins with “starting points”: places where Lewis looked for data for philosophical inquiries. This is followed by a section on one of the distinctive features of Lewis's (...)
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  28.  5
    On Philosophical Method. Indiana: NOUS Publications, Number 1, 1980. Hector-Neri Castañeda.S. N. Balagangadhara - 1984 - Philosophica 33.
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  29.  13
    Philosophy and Philosophical Method.Hans-Johann Glock - 2017 - In Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), A Companion to Wittgenstein. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 229–251.
    This chapter discusses the main features of Ludwig Wittgenstein's conception of philosophy, both early and late. It also assesses these features for their merits, partly with a view to current debates. The chapter addresses that his radical position is more than a whimsical manifestation of an anti‐scientific ideology: it is supported by arguments deriving from astute observations about the peculiar character of philosophical problems on the one hand, and logico‐semantic ideas on the other. It also describes three tensions in (...)
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  30.  6
    Aspect-Perception as a Philosophical Method.Reshef Agam-Segal - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4 (1):93-121.
    Inducing aspect-experiences – the sudden seeing of something anew, as when a face suddenly strikes us as familiar – can be used as a philosophical method. In seeing aspects, I argue, we let ourselves experience what it would be like to conceptualize something in a particular way, apart from any conceptual routine. We can use that experience to examine our ways of conceptualizing things, and re-evaluate the ways we make sense of them. I claim that we are not always (...)
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  31.  11
    Bergson’s philosophical method: At the edge of phenomenology and mathematics.David M. Peña-Guzmán - 2020 - Continental Philosophy Review 53 (1):85-101.
    This article highlights the mathematical structure of Henri Bergson’s method. While Bergson has been historically interpreted as an anti-scientific and irrationalist philosopher, he modeled his philosophical methodology on the infinitesimal calculus developed by Leibniz and Newton in the seventeenth century. His philosophy, then, rests on the science of number, at least from a methodological standpoint. By looking at how he conscripted key mathematical concepts into his philosophy, this article invites us to re-imagine Bergson’s place in the history of Western (...)
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  32. The Philosophical Method of Merleau-Ponty.Michel Dalissier - 2016 - In William Sweet Cristal Huang (ed.), Care of Self and Meaning of Life: Asian and Christian Reflections. pp. 91-108.
    This is a study focusing on the philosophical method of Maurice Merleau-Ponty. My approach begins with his style of writing, which furnishes some clues that concretely reveal his way of thinking. This makes perceptible an active process working in the texts. Working from here, the right approach seems to be a certain methodus negativa, opening a vast field of investigations, not only in existentialism, phenomenology, and ontology, but also, metaphysics. That is why, finally, such investigations cannot avoid a confrontation (...)
     
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  33.  55
    Is reflective equilibrium a philosophical method? Is it a problem, if not?Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    I consider Timothy Williamson’s objection that we do not have any reason to regard reflective equilibrium as a philosophical method. I present what I think a Rawlsian advocate of the method would say, or could say.
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  34. Sexual Orientation, Ideology, and Philosophical Method.Matthew Andler - 2020 - Journal of Social Ontology 5 (2):205-227.
    Here, I examine the epistemic relation between beliefs about the nature of sexual orientation (e.g., beliefs concerning whether orientation is dispositional) and beliefs about the taxonomy of orientation categories (e.g., beliefs concerning whether polyamorous is an orientation category). Current philosophical research gives epistemic priority to the former class of beliefs, such that beliefs about the taxonomy of orientation categories tend to be jettisoned or revised in cases of conflict with beliefs about the nature of sexual orientation. Yet, considering the (...)
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  35.  16
    An Essay on Philosophical Method.Robin George Collingwood, James Connelly & Giuseppina D'Oro (eds.) - 1933 - New York: OUP.
    This new edition of Collingwood's An Essay on Philosophical Method contains several previously unpublished papers including Collingwood's correspondence with Gilbert Ryle.
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  36.  15
    On Philosophical Method.Eric Matthews & Hector-Neri Castaneda - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (126):89.
  37.  8
    Collingwood and Russell on Philosophical Method.Timothy C. Lord - 2019 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 22 (1):41-52.
    Collingwood’s An Essay on Philosophical Method provides an insightful critique of Russell’s analysis and metaphysics of logical atomism, proposing an unduly neglected neo-idealist alternative to Russell’s philosophical method. I summarize Collingwood’s critique of analysis and sympathetically outline the philosophical methodology of Collingwood’s post-Hegelian dialectical method: his scale of forms methodology, grounded on the overlap of philosophical classes. I then delineate Collingwood’s critique of the metaphysics of logical atomism, demonstrating how the scale of forms methodology is opposed (...)
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  38.  27
    The computational philosophy: simulation as a core philosophical method.Conor Mayo-Wilson & Kevin J. S. Zollman - 2021 - Synthese 199 (1-2):3647-3673.
    Modeling and computer simulations, we claim, should be considered core philosophical methods. More precisely, we will defend two theses. First, philosophers should use simulations for many of the same reasons we currently use thought experiments. In fact, simulations are superior to thought experiments in achieving some philosophical goals. Second, devising and coding computational models instill good philosophical habits of mind. Throughout the paper, we respond to the often implicit objection that computer modeling is “not philosophical.”.
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  39.  11
    Philosophical method and direct awareness of the self.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1979 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 8 (1):1-58.
    Here are crucial data for any theory of the self, self-consciousness or the structure of experience. We discuss the fundamental structure of both indexical reference, especially first-term reference, and quasi-indexical reference, used in attributing first-person reference to others. Chisholm's ingenious account of direct awareness of self is tested against the two sets of data. It satisfies neither. Chisholm's definitions raise serious questions both about philosophical methodology and about the underlying ontology of individuation, identity, and predication. Chisholm's adverbial account of (...)
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  40.  15
    On the transcendental structure of Iris Murdoch's philosophical method.Jessy Jordan - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):394-410.
    Recent scholarship has focused on the provocative suggestion that there is a deep unity linking the philosophical projects of Iris Murdoch, Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, and Mary Midgley. In addition to providing scholars with the opportunity to consider what these four shared, the unanimity story also offers an occasion to reflect on what is distinctive about each. Whereas Anscombe, Foot, and Midgley each turn to broadly Aristotelian resources for developing an alternative to the dominant non‐cognitivism of their day, Murdoch (...)
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  41.  4
    Relativism and Philosophic Methods.Marjorie Glicksman, Joel Katzav & Krist Vaesen - 2023 - In Joel Katzav, Dorothy Rogers & Krist Vaesen (eds.), Knowledge, Mind and Reality: An Introduction by Early Twentieth-Century American Women Philosophers. Cham: Springer. pp. 59-65.
    In this chapter, Marjorie Glicksman argues that the validity of philosophical positions is relative to philosophical methodology.
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  42.  8
    An Essay on Philosophical Method.R. G. Collingwood - 1933 - New York: Oxford University Press UK. Edited by James Connelly & Giuseppina D'Oro.
    James Connelly and Giuseppina D'Oro present a new edition of R. G. Collingwood's classic work of 1933, supplementing the original text with important related writings from Collingwood's manuscripts which appear here for the first time. The editors also contribute a substantial new introduction. The volume will be welcomed by all historians of twentieth-century philosophy.
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  43. Philosophical Methods.Reinhard Brandt - 2006 - In Knud Haakonssen (ed.), The Cambridge history of eighteenth-century philosophy. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 139--159.
     
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  44.  8
    Aristotle's philosophical method.Cdc Reeve - 2012 - In Christopher John Shields (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle. Oxford University Press USA. pp. 150.
    A problem is posed: Is pleasure choiceworthy, or not? The answerer claims that yes, it is. The questioner must refute him by asking questions—by offering him premises to accept or reject. The questioner succeeds if he forces the answerer to accept a proposition contrary to the one he undertook to defend, and fails if the answerer always accepts or rejects premises in a way consistent with that proposition. To a first approximation, dialectic is the distinctive method of Aristotelian philosophy. At (...)
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  45.  11
    Wittgenstein on Logic and Philosophical Method.Oskari Kuusela - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element outlines Wittgenstein's early and later philosophies of logic, and explains Wittgenstein's views regarding the methodological significance of logic for philosophy. Wittgenstein's early philosophy of logic is presented as a further development of Frege's and Russell's accounts of logic, and Wittgenstein later philosophy as a response to problems with his early views, including confusions about idealization and abstraction in logic. The later Wittgenstein's novel logical methods, such as the method of language-games, are outlined, and the new kind of (...)
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  46.  9
    The Philosophical Method of the Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect and its Application to the Ethics.Frank Lucash - 1993 - Philosophy and Theology 7 (3):311-322.
    I argue that we can arrive at a better understanding of the Ethics and why Spinoza wrote it by viewing it through certain ideas expressed in his Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect. These ideas are: 1) personal remarks, 2) the method and most perfect method, 3) true ideas, 4) false ideas, 5) definitions.
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  47. Scorsese and Plato : a philosophical method for cinematic analysis and discovering divine revelation.Matthew Small - 2022 - In William H. U. Anderson (ed.), Film, philosophy and religion. Wilmington, Delaware: Vernon Press.
  48.  16
    Hertz, Wittgenstein and philosophical method.John Preston - 2007 - Philosophical Investigations 31 (1):48–67.
    There have recently appeared claims that the influence Heinrich Hertz exerted over Wittgenstein's later work was far more abiding than previously recognised. I critically evaluate such claims by Gordon Baker and Allan Janik. I first show that Hertz was indeed concerned with the same feature, clarity, which often exercised Wittgenstein. But I then argue that Wittgenstein should not be seen as having adopted the conception of philosophical method, which Hertz deployed in The Principles of Mechanics. I show that Hertz (...)
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  49.  16
    An Essay on Philosophical Method.Robin George Collingwood - 1933 - Oxford, England: St. Augustine's Press. Edited by James Connelly & Giuseppina D'Oro.
    James Connelly and Giuseppina D'Oro present a new edition of R. G. Collingwood's classic work of 1933, supplementing the original text with important related writings from Collingwood's manuscripts which appear here for the first time. The editors also contribute a substantial new introduction. The volume will be welcomed by all historians of twentieth-century philosophy.
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  50.  2
    Multiple Consciousness and Philosophical Method.Jessica Eisen - 2024 - Dialogue 63 (1):59-73.
    RésuméL'ouvrage de Sophia Moreau, Faces of Inequality, adopte une méthodologie philosophique provocatrice. Moreau puise dans les expériences des victimes de discrimination et à même les contours fondamentaux du droit à la non-discrimination afin d’élaborer sa théorie de la discrimination répréhensible. Cependant, si nous prenons au sérieux les enseignements des études féministes et critiques de la « race », une tension émerge au sein de la dyade méthodologique de Moreau : si les lois contre la discrimination sont souvent elles-mêmes source d'hostilité (...)
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