Results for 'physical necessity'

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  1.  72
    General Facts, Physical Necessity and the Metaphysics of Time.Peter Forrest - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 2:137-154.
    In this chapter I assume that we accept, perhaps reluctantly, general facts, that is states of affairs corresponding to universal generalizations. I then argue that, without any addition, this ontology provides us with physical necessities, and moreover with various grades of physical necessity, including the strongest grade, which I call absolute physical necessity. In addition there are consequences for our understanding of time. For this account, which I call the Mortmain Theory, provides a defence of (...)
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  2. Aristotle on Physical Necessity and the Limits of Teleological Explanation.Christopher Byrne - 2002 - Apeiron 35 (1):19-46.
    Some commentators have argued that there is no room in Aristotle's natural science for simple, or unconditional, physical necessity, for the only necessity that governs all natural substances is hypothetical and teleological. Against this view I argue that, according to Aristotle, there are two types of unconditional physical necessity at work in the material elements, the one teleological, governing their natural motions, and the other non-teleological, governing their physical interaction. I argue as well that (...)
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  3. Physical Necessity is Not Necessity Tout Court.George Masterton - 2012 - Metaphysica 13 (2):175-182.
    The very last of words of Naming and Necessity are ‘The third lecture suggests that a good deal of what contemporary philosophy regards as mere physical necessity is actually necessary tout court. The question how far this can be pushed is one I leave for further work.’ Kripke (1980). To my knowledge he never conducted that further work; moreover, no one following him has wished to take up the baton either. Herein, I argue that in general, (...) necessity is neither reducible to, nor implies, tout court necessity. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that even if Kripke’s speculations are restricted to a subset of the physical necessities where it might be granted that all such are necessary tout court, physical necessity is still not reducible to tout court necessity. (shrink)
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  4.  38
    Physical Necessity is Not Necessity Tout Court.George Masterton - 2012 - Metaphysica 13 (2):175-182.
    The very last of words of Naming and Necessity are ‘The third lecture suggests that a good deal of what contemporary philosophy regards as mere physical necessity is actually necessary tout court. The question how far this can be pushed is one I leave for further work.’ Kripke (1980). To my knowledge he never conducted that further work; moreover, no one following him has wished to take up the baton either. Herein, I argue that in general, (...) necessity is neither reducible to, nor implies, tout court necessity. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that even if Kripke’s speculations are restricted to a subset of the physical necessities where it might be granted that all such are necessary tout court, physical necessity is still not reducible to tout court necessity. (shrink)
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  5.  12
    A Formal Theory of Physical Necessity.Marcin Tkaczyk - 2007 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 16 (1):65-83.
    A system HW of normal modal logic, developed by R. Bigelow & R. Pargetter is presented. Some formal issues concerning the system are examined, such as completeness, number of distinct modalities and relations to other systems. Some philosophical topics are also discussed. The Authors interpret the system HW as the system of physical (nomic) modalities. It is questioned, whether or not the system HW is justified to be claimed to be the logic of physical necessity. The answer (...)
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  6.  2
    Roberto torret'I 'I (puerto rico).Physical Necessity - 1992 - In Javier Echeverria, Andoni Ibarra & Thomas Mormann (eds.), The Space of Mathematics: Philosophical, Epistemological, and Historical Explorations. De Gruyter. pp. 132.
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  7.  80
    Kuhnian Paradigms as Representational Spaces: New Perspectives on the Problems of Incommensurability, Scientific Explanation, and Physical Necessity.Edwin H.-C. Hung - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (3):275 – 292.
    This paper starts with an intuitive notion of representational spaces, which is intended to provide an improved version of Kuhn's concept of paradigms. It then proceeds to study the following topics in terms of this new notion: incommensurability, paradigm change, explanation of anomalies, explanation of regularities, explanation of irregularities, and physical necessity. In the course of the investigation, "representational space" gets clarified and defined. It is envisaged that this new concept should throw light on many issues in the (...)
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  8. Logical Necessity, Physical Necessity, Ethics, and Quantifiers.Richard Montague - 1960 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 3 (1-4):259 – 269.
    Some philosophers, for example Quine, doubt the possibility of jointly using modalities and quantification. Simple model-theoretic considerations, however, lead to a reconciliation of quantifiers with such modal concepts as logical, physical, and ethical necessity, and suggest a general class of modalities of which these are instances. A simple axiom system, analogous to the Lewis systems S1 —S5, is considered in connection with this class of modalities. The system proves to be complete, and its class of theorems decidable.
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  9.  5
    An Empiricist View on Laws, Quantities and Physical Necessity.Lars‐Göran Johansson - 2019 - Theoria 85 (2):69-101.
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  10. Physical and Metaphysical Necessity.Stephen Leeds - 2007 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 88 (4):458–485.
    I propose a different way of thinking about metaphysical and physical necessity: namely that the fundamental notion of necessity is what would ordinarily be called "truth in all physically possible worlds" – a notion which includes the standard physical necessities and the metaphysical ones as well; I suggest that the latter are marked off not as a stricter kind of necessity but by their epistemic status. One result of this reconceptualization is that the Descartes-Kripke argument (...)
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  11. The Religion and Science Debate: Why Does It Continue? Edited by Harold W. Attridge and Beyond Kuhn: Scientific Explanation, Theory Structure, Incommensurability, and Physical Necessity. By Edwin H‐C. Hung. [REVIEW]Bradford McCall - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (2):343-344.
  12.  67
    Hume’s Reconciling Project and ‘the Common Distinction Betwixt Moral and Physical Necessity’.James Harris - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (3):451 – 471.
  13.  72
    Beyond Kuhn. Scientific Explanation, Theory Structure, Incommensurability and Physical Necessity[REVIEW]Hanne Andersen - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (1):237-239.
  14.  7
    Richard Montague. Logical Necessity, Physical Necessity, Ethics, and Quantifiers. Inquiry , Vol. 3 , Pp. 259–269.A. Bayart - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):400-401.
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  15. Physical Necessity and the Passage of Time.Peter Forrest - 1996 - In P. Riggs (ed.), Natural Kinds, Laws of Nature and Scientific Methodology. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 49--62.
  16.  48
    Thomas Kuhn's Cottage Fred d'Agostino ,Naturalizing Epistemology: Thomas Kuhn and the Essential Tension(London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010) Edwin H.-C. Hung ,Beyond Kuhn: Scientific Explanation, Theory Structure, Incommensurability and Physical Necessity(Hants: Ashgate, 2006) Hanne Andersen , Peter Barker , and Xiang Chen ,The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006). [REVIEW]Alex Levine - 2010 - Perspectives on Science 18 (3):369-377.
  17. General Facts, Physical Necessity, and the Metaphysics of Time.Peter Forrest - 2006 - In Dean Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Volume 2. Oxford University Press.
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  18.  6
    Logical Necessity, Physical Necessity, Ethics, and Quantifiers.Richard Montague - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):400-401.
  19.  9
    Mathematical Structures and Physical Necessity.Roberto Torretti - 1992 - In Javier Echeverria, Andoni Ibarra & Thomas Mormann (eds.), The Space of Mathematics: Philosophical, Epistemological, and Historical Explorations. De Gruyter. pp. 132.
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  20. Review: Richard Montague, Logical Necessity, Physical Necessity, Ethics, and Quantifiers. [REVIEW]A. Bayart - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):400-401.
     
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  21. Aristotle on Physical Necessity and the Limits of Teleological Explanation Christopher Byrne.I. I. Anima & T. O. de Anima - 2002 - Apeiron 35:19.
  22. Hume and Physical Necessity.A. Flew - 1990 - Iyyun:251-266.
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  23.  13
    On the Necessity of Including the Observer in Physical Theory.Wolfgang Baer - 2015 - Cosmos and History 11 (2):160-174.
    All statements describing physical reality are derived through interpretation of measurement results that requires a theory of the measuring instruments used to make the measurements. The ultimate measuring instrument is our body which displays its measurement results in our mind. Since a physical theory of our mind-body is unknown, the correct interpretation of its measurement results is unknown. The success of the physical sciences has led to a tendency to treat assumption in physics as indisputable facts. This (...)
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  24. Nature and Necessity an Essay in Physical Ontology.Milton Fisk - 1974
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  25. A Likely Account of Necessity: Plato's Receptacle as a Physical and Metaphysical Foundation for Space.Barbara Sattler - 2012 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 50 (2):159-195.
    This paper aims to show that—and how—Plato’s notion of the receptacle in the Timaeus provides the conditions for developing a mathematical as well as a physical space without itself being space. In response to the debate whether Plato’s receptacle is a conception of space or of matter, I suggest employing criteria from topology and the theory of metric spaces as the most basic ones available. I show that the receptacle fulfils its main task–allowing the elements qua images of the (...)
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  26.  52
    Necessity and Physical Laws in Descartes's Philosophy.Janet Broughton - 1987 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 68 (3/4):205.
    I argue that although in his earlier work descartes thought of the laws of motion as "eternal truths," he later came to think of them as truths whose necessity is of a different type.
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  27.  6
    An Introduction to Physical Education as Moral Education^|^Aring;FA Critical Essay of Moral Education and the Necessity for Bodily Experiences.Kenji Ighigaki - 2008 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 30 (1):27-45.
  28. Matter and Necessity in Aristotle's Logical, Physical and Biological Works.Robert Glenn Friedman - 1984 - Dissertation, University of Virginia
    Aristotle's doctrine of the four causes--formal, final, efficient and material--is famous. But Posterior Analytics B 11 lists "if certain things hold, it is necessary that this does" in place of a standard expression for the material cause. This cause has been dubbed the grounding cause. It has interested scholars since the Greek commentators, who simply assumed that Aristotle meant the material cause. This traditional thesis has been challenged by two views: first, that the grounding cause is a special type of (...)
     
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  29. Medicine as Practice and Culture: The Analysis of Border Regimes and the Necessity of a Hermeneutics of Physical Bodies.Gesa Lindemann - 2007 - In Regula Valérie Burri & Joseph Dumit (eds.), Biomedicine as Culture: Instrumental Practices, Technoscientific Knowledge, and New Modes of Life. Routledge. pp. 6--47.
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  30.  29
    Rigorous Regularism: Physical Laws Without Necessity[REVIEW]Michael Ruse - 1988 - Dialogue 27 (3):523.
  31.  9
    God and the Necessity of Physical Evil.William J. Wainwright - 1972 - Sophia 11 (2):16-19.
  32. Nature and Necessity: An Essay in Physical Ontology.Milton Fisk - 1978 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29 (2):189-195.
     
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  33.  20
    The Necessity From the Standpoint of Scientific Method of a Reconstruction of the Ideas of the Psychical and the Physical.H. Heath Bawden - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 1 (3):62-68.
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  34. The Necessity From the Standpoint of Scientific Method of a Reconstruction of the Ideas of the Psychical and the Physical.H. Heath Bawden - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy 1 (3):62.
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  35. Stable Regularities Without Governing Laws?Aldo Filomeno - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 66:186-197.
    Can stable regularities be explained without appealing to governing laws or any other modal notion? In this paper, I consider what I will call a ‘Humean system’—a generic dynamical system without guiding laws—and assess whether it could display stable regularities. First, I present what can be interpreted as an account of the rise of stable regularities, following from Strevens [2003], which has been applied to explain the patterns of complex systems (such as those from meteorology and statistical mechanics). Second, since (...)
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  36. On the Possibility of Stable Regularities Without Fundamental Laws.Aldo Filomeno - 2014 - Dissertation, Autonomous University of Barcelona
    This doctoral dissertation investigates the notion of physical necessity. Specifically, it studies whether it is possible to account for non-accidental regularities without the standard assumption of a pre-existent set of governing laws. Thus, it takes side with the so called deflationist accounts of laws of nature, like the humean or the antirealist. The specific aim is to complement such accounts by providing a missing explanation of the appearance of physical necessity. In order to provide an explanation, (...)
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  37.  95
    The Reduction of Necessity to Essence.Andreas Ditter - forthcoming - Mind:fzz045.
    In `Essence and Modality', Kit Fine proposes that for a proposition to be metaphysically necessary is for it to be true in virtue of the nature of all objects whatsoever. Call this view Fine's Thesis. This paper is a study of Fine's Thesis in the context of Fine's logic of essence (LE). Fine himself has offered his most elaborate defense of the thesis in the context of LE. His defense rests on the widely shared assumption that metaphysical necessity obeys (...)
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  38.  51
    Charles Sanders Peirce on Necessity.Catherine Legg & Cheryl Misak - 2016 - In Adriane Rini, Edwin Mares & Max Cresswell (eds.), Logical Modalities from Aristotle to Carnap: The Story of Necessity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 256-278.
    Necessity is a touchstone issue in the thought of Charles Peirce, not least because his pragmatist account of meaning relies upon modal terms. We here offer an overview of Peirce’s highly original and multi-faceted take on the matter. We begin by considering how a self-avowed pragmatist and fallibilist can even talk about necessary truth. We then outline the source of Peirce’s theory of representation in his three categories of Firstness, Secondness and Thirdness, (monadic, dyadic and triadic relations). These have (...)
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  39.  52
    Du Châtelet on Freedom, Self-Motion, and Moral Necessity.Julia Jorati - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (2):255-280.
    This paper explores the theory of freedom that Emilie du Châtelet advances in her essay “On Freedom.” Using contemporary terminology, we can characterize this theory as a version of agent-causal compatibilism. More specifically, the theory has the following elements: (a) freedom consists in the power to act in accordance with one’s choices, (b) freedom requires the ability to suspend desires and master passions, (c) freedom requires a power of self-motion in the agent, and (d) freedom is compatible with moral (...) but not with physical necessity. While these elements may at first appear disparate, the paper shows that they fit together quite well. The resulting theory is a surprising combination of doctrines that appear to be based on Samuel Clarke’s libertarian account of free will and doctrines that are reminiscent of the compatibilist accounts of John Locke, Anthony Collins, Gottfried Leibniz, and Thomas Hobbes. (shrink)
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  40.  82
    Relative Necessity Reformulated.Bob Hale & Jessica Leech - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 46 (1):1-26.
    This paper discusses some serious difficulties for what we shall call the standard account of various kinds of relative necessity, according to which any given kind of relative necessity may be defined by a strict conditional - necessarily, if C then p - where C is a suitable constant proposition, such as a conjunction of physical laws. We argue, with the help of Humberstone, that the standard account has several unpalatable consequences. We argue that Humberstone’s alternative account (...)
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  41. Kripke: Names, Necessity, and Identity.Christopher Hughes - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Saul Kripke, in a series of classic writings of the 1960s and 1970s, changed the face of metaphysics and philosophy of language. Christopher Hughes offers a careful exposition and critical analysis of Kripke's central ideas about names, necessity, and identity. He clears up some common misunderstandings of Kripke's views on rigid designation, causality and reference, and the necessary a posteriori and contingent a priori. Through his engagement with Kripke's ideas Hughes makes a significant contribution to ongoing debates on, inter (...)
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  42.  43
    Play, Idleness and the Problem of Necessity in Schiller and Marcuse.Brian O'Connor - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (6):1095-1117.
    The central concern of this paper is to explore the efforts of Schiller's post-Kantian idealism and Marcuse's critical theory to develop a new conception of free human experience. That conception is built on the notion of play. Play is said to combine the human capacities for physical pleasure and reason, capacities which the modern world has dualized. Analysis of their respective accounts of play reveals its ambivalent form in the work of both philosophers. Play supports the ideal of ‘freedom (...)
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  43. Conceivability, Possibility, and a Posteriori Necessity: On Chalmers' Argument for Dualism.Karol Polcyn - 2006 - Diametros 7:37-55.
    Chalmers argues that zombies are possible and that therefore consciousness does not supervene on physical facts, which shows the falsity of materialism. The crucial step in this argument – that zombies are possible – follows from their conceivability and hence depends on assuming that conceivability implies possibility. But while Chalmers’s defense of this assumption – call it the conceivability principle – is the key part of his argument, it has not been well understood. As I see it, Chalmers’s defense (...)
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  44. Counterfactuals and Modal Epistemology.Tuomas Tahko - 2012 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 86 (1):93–115.
    What is our epistemic access to metaphysical modality? Timothy Williamson suggests that the epistemology of counterfactuals will provide the answer. This paper challenges Williamson's account and argues that certain elements of the epistemology of counterfactuals that he discusses, namely so called background knowledge and constitutive facts, are already saturated with modal content which his account fails to explain. Williamson's account will first be outlined and the role of background knowledge and constitutive facts analysed. Their key role is to restrict our (...)
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  45. The Modal Status of Laws: In Defence of a Hybrid View.Tuomas E. Tahko - 2015 - Philosophical Quarterly 65 (260):509-528.
    Three popular views regarding the modal status of the laws of nature are discussed: Humean Supervenience, nomic necessitation, and scientific/dispositional essentialism. These views are examined especially with regard to their take on the apparent modal force of laws and their ability to explain that modal force. It will be suggested that none of the three views, at least in their strongest form, can be maintained if some laws are metaphysically necessary, but others are metaphysically contingent. Some reasons for thinking that (...)
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  46. Two Concepts of Law of Nature.Brendan Shea - 2013 - Prolegomena 12 (2):413-442.
    I argue that there are at least two concepts of law of nature worthy of philosophical interest: strong law and weak law. Strong laws are the laws investigated by fundamental physics, while weak laws feature prominently in the “special sciences” and in a variety of non-scientific contexts. In the first section, I clarify my methodology, which has to do with arguing about concepts. In the next section, I offer a detailed description of strong laws, which I claim satisfy four criteria: (...)
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  47. Metaphysical Necessity is Not Logical Necessity.Robert Farrell - 1981 - Philosophical Studies 39 (2):141 - 153.
    Kripke and putnam have argued that metaphysical necessity is truth in all possible worlds, Hence is a kind of logica necessity; it is this claim I argue against. My argument proceeds by way of my considering and elaborating an example to show that although 'gold has atomic number 79' be counted a metaphysically necessary truth, There is a possible world in which it is false; it turns out to be for all I show here at most a (...) necessity, True in all those worlds structurally similar to the actual world. (shrink)
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  48. Supervenience and Causal Necessity.Scott A. Shalkowski - 1992 - Synthese 90 (1):55-87.
    Causal necessity typically receives only oblique attention. Causal relations, laws of nature, counterfactual conditionals, or dispositions are usually the immediate subject(s) of interest. All of these, however, have a common feature. In some way, they involve the causal modality, some form of natural or physical necessity. In this paper, causal necessity is discussed with the purpose of determining whether a completely general empiricist theory can account for the causal in terms of the noncausal. Based on an (...)
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  49.  4
    Kako Razložiti Modalnost?Danilo Šuster - 1992 - Filozofski Vestnik 13 (1).
    Predmet razlage modalnosti sta naravna in metafizično modalnost. Problem pojasnila modalnih pojmov je predstavljen kot spor med modalnim realizmom in modalnim antirealizmom. V okviru tega spora je mogoče razvrstiti tradicionalna antirealistič-na pojasnila modalnosti. Problem teh razlag je v tem, da jim ne uspe modalnih razlikovanj nadomestiti z ne-modalnimi. Najbolj privlačna antirealistična strategija je liberalni redukcionizem, ki skuša s pomočjo relacije supervenience ohraniti realnost modalnih razlikovanj in jih obenem zvesti na neko ne-modalno osnovo. Toda relacija supervenience sama ima modalno moč, ki (...)
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  50. Freedom and the 'Realm of Necessity'.Sean Sayers - 2006 - In Douglas Moggach (ed.), The New Hegelians: Politics and Philosophy in the Hegelian School. Cambridge University Press.
    The realm of freedom actually begins only where labour which is determined by necessity and mundane considerations ceases; thus in the very nature of things it lies beyond the sphere of actual material production. Just as the savage must wrestle with Nature to satisfy his wants, to maintain and reproduce life, so must civilized man, and he must do so in all social formations and under all possible modes of production. With his development this realm of physical (...) expands as a result of his wants; but, at the same time, the forces of production which satisfy these wants also increase. Freedom in this field can only consist in socialized man, the associated producers, rationally regulating their interchange with Nature, bringing it under their common control, instead of being ruled by it as by the blind forces of Nature; and achieving this with the least expenditure of energy and under conditions most favourable to, and worthy of, their human nature. But it nonetheless still remains a realm of necessity. Beyond it begins that development of human energy which is an end in itself, the true realm of freedom, which, however, can blossom forth only with the realm of necessity as its basis. The shortening of the working day is its basic prerequisite. (Marx 1971, 820). (shrink)
     
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