Results for 'physical therapy'

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  1.  61
    Error and Patient Safety: Ethical Analysis of Cases in Occupational and Physical Therapy Practice. [REVIEW]Linda S. Scheirton, K. Mu, H. Lohman & T. M. Cochran - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (3):301-311.
    Compared to other health care professions such as medicine, nursing and pharmacy, few studies have been conducted to examine the nature of practice errors in occupational and physical therapy. In an ongoing study to determine root causes, typographies and impact of occupational and physical therapy error on patients, focus group interviews have been conducted across the United States. A substantial number of harmful practice errors and/or other patient safety events (deviations or accidents) have been identified. Often (...)
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  2.  22
    Problematic Placebos in Physical Therapy Trials.Matthew Maddocks, Roger Kerry, Andrew Turner & Jeremy Howick - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (4):598-602.
    The function of a placebo control in a randomised trial is to permit blinding and reduce risk of bias. Adopting Grűnbaum’s definitional scheme of a placebo, all treatments must be viewed as packages consisting of characteristic and incidental features. An adequate placebo for an experimental treatment contains none of the characteristic features, all of the incidental features, and nothing more. For drug treatments, characteristic features can be readily identified, isolated, and separated. By contrast, physical therapy treatments often involve (...)
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  3.  39
    Ethical Dilemmas in Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy: A Survey of Practitioners in the UK National Health Service.R. Barnitt - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (3):193-199.
    OBJECTIVES: To identify ethical dilemmas experienced by occupational and physical therapists working in the UK National Health Service (NHS). To compare ethical contexts, themes and principles across the two groups. DESIGN: A structured questionnaire was circulated to the managers of occupational and physical therapy services in England and Wales. SUBJECTS: The questionnaires were given to 238 occupational and 249 physical therapists who conformed to set criteria. RESULTS: Ethical dilemmas experienced during the previous six months were reported (...)
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  4.  18
    Physical Therapy Students' Willingness to Report Misconduct to Protect the Patient's Interests.A. Mansbach, Y. G. Bachner & I. Melzer - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (12):802-805.
    This article presents a study on the ethical dilemma of whistleblowing in physical therapy, and suggests some lines for further research on this topic as well as ways for integrating it in the physical therapy curriculum. The study examines the self-reported willingness of physical therapy students to report misconduct, whether internally or externally, to protect the patient's interests. Internal disclosure entails reporting the wrongdoing to an authority within the organisation. External disclosure entails reporting the (...)
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  5.  22
    Ethical Challenges for Patient Access to Physical Therapy: Views of Staff Members From Three Publicly–Funded Outpatient Physical Therapy Departments.Maude Laliberté, Bryn Williams–Jones, Debbie E. Feldman & Matthew Hunt - 2017 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 7 (2):157-169.
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  6.  11
    Evidence-Based Practice in Physical Therapy in Austria: Current State and Factors Associated with EBP Engagement.Gudrun Diermayr, Herbert Schachner, Margit Eidenberger, Monika Lohkamp & Nancy M. Salbach - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1219-1234.
  7.  6
    Evidence-Informed Physical Therapy Management of Performance-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Musicians.Cliffton Chan & Bronwen Ackermann - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  8.  6
    Conflict of Interest and Physical Therapy.Mike W. Martin & Donald L. Gabard - 2001 - In Michael Davis & Andrew Stark (eds.), Conflict of Interest in the Professions. Oxford University Press. pp. 314--332.
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  9.  11
    Structural White Matter Changes in Descending Motor Tracts Correlate with Improvements in Motor Impairment After Undergoing a Treatment Course of tDCS and Physical Therapy.Xin Zheng & Gottfried Schlaug - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  10.  8
    Validity and Reliability of Instruments Aimed at Measuring Evidence-Based Practice in Physical Therapy: A Systematic Review of the Literature.Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, Albert Sesé-Abad, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Angel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Iosune Salinas-Bueno & Joan Ernest de Pedro-Gómez - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):767-778.
  11.  5
    Risk Stratification of Patients with Shoulder Pain Seen in Physical Therapy Practice.Jason R. Rodeghero, Joshua A. Cleland, Paul E. Mintken & Chad E. Cook - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (2):257-263.
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  12. Physical Couple and Family Violence Among Clients Seeking Therapy: Identifiers and Predictors.Rune Zahl-Olsen, Nicolay Gausel, Agnes Zahl-Olsen, Thomas Bjerregaard Bertelsen, Aashild Tellefsen Haaland & Terje Tilden - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  13. The Manipulated History of Manipulations of Spines and Joints? Rethinking Orthopaedic Medicine Through the 19th Century Discourse of European Mechanical Medicine.Anders Ottosson - 2011 - Medicine Studies 3 (2):83-116.
    More than one single professional group deals with therapeutic manipulations of the spine and the joints. Osteopaths, Chiropractors, Naprapaths, Physical Therapists (and a contingent Physicians) all share this interest. Each profession is also very clear about where its bulk of knowledge stems from. The disciplines that are reckoned as the oldest are from the USA. A number of “inventors” are to be found, all without a formal university degree in Medicine. Andrew Taylor Still (1828–1917) came up with his system (...)
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  14.  14
    From Continuing Education to Personal Digital Assistants: What Do Physical Therapists Need to Support Evidence‐Based Practice in Stroke Management?Nancy M. Salbach, Paula Veinot, Susan B. Jaglal, Mark Bayley & Danielle Rolfe - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):786-793.
  15.  17
    Do Physical Therapists Change Their Beliefs, Attitudes, Knowledge, Skills and Behaviour After a Biopsychosocially Orientated University Course?Thomas Overmeer, Katja Boersma, Chris J. Main & Steven J. Linton - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (4):724-732.
  16.  28
    Research Evidence Uptake in a Developing Country: A Survey of Attitudes, Education and Self‐Efficacy, Engagement, and Barriers Among Physical Therapists in the Philippines.Edward James R. Gorgon, Hazel Gaile T. Barrozo, Laarni G. Mariano & Emmalou F. Rivera - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):782-790.
  17.  44
    Clinical Specificity and the Non-Generalities of Science.Ant Lettinga & Annemaire Mol - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (6):517-535.
    How to improve clinical practice and, in particular, that of physical therapy? Currently, several strategies are used which all fit the label scientification. These scientific strategies have to make physical therapy''s clinical practice more homogeneous. Sometimes this homogenization is thought to be necessary for other strategies of innovation including effectiveness research. But it has also been suggested that more homogeneity in the clinic is already itself an improvement. In this article we comment on these strategies. More (...)
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  18.  16
    Attitude, Knowledge and Behaviour Towards Evidence‐Based Medicine of Physical Therapists, Students, Teachers and Supervisors in the Netherlands: A Survey.Gwendolijne G. M. Scholten‐Peeters, Monique S. Beekman‐Evers, Annemiek C. J. W. van Boxel, Sjanna van Hemert, Winifred D. Paulis, Johannes C. van der Wouden & Arianne P. Verhagen - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):598-606.
  19.  25
    Critical Psychology, Philosophy, and Social Therapy.Lois Holzman - 2013 - Human Studies 36 (4):471-489.
    This article presents critical psychology in some new light. First, it presents the history of US critical psychology in terms of the overall foundation of its critique (identity-based, ideologically-based, and epistemologically-based). Second, it broadens the population that can be called critical psychologists. The argument is made to include: (1) philosophers of language, science, and mind critical of psychology’s foundational assumptions, conceptions, and methods of inquiry; and (2) non-professional, ordinary people who live their lives critical of psychology by eschewing mainstream approaches (...)
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  20.  13
    The Validation of a Clinical Algorithm for the Prevention and Management of Pulmonary Dysfunction in Intubated Adults: A Synthesis of Evidence and Expert Opinion.Susan Hanekom, Sue Berney, Brenda Morrow, George Ntoumenopoulos, Jennifer Paratz, Shane Patman & Quinette Louw - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):801-810.
  21.  16
    Thiele Massage as a Therapeutic Option for Women with Chronic Pelvic Pain Caused by Tenderness of Pelvic Floor Muscles.Mary Lourdes Lima De Souza Montenegro, Elaine Cristine Mateus‐Vasconcelos, Francisco José Candido dos Reis, Rosa E. Silva, Júlio César, Antonio Alberto Nogueira & Omero Benedicto Poli Neto - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (5):981-982.
  22.  18
    Conceptual Dilemmas in Evaluating Individuals with Severely Impaired Consciousness.Wing K. Ng, Risa N. Thompson, Stuart A. Yablon & Mark Sherer - 2001 - Brain Injury 15 (7):639-643.
  23.  55
    Ethical Challenges with the Left Ventricular Assist Device as a Destination Therapy.Aaron G. Rizzieri, Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3:1-15.
    The left ventricular assist device was originally designed to be surgically implanted as a bridge to transplantation for patients with chronic end-stage heart failure. On the basis of the REMATCH trial, the US Food and Drug Administration and the US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services approved permanent implantation of the left ventricular assist device as a destination therapy in Medicare beneficiaries who are not candidates for heart transplantation. The use of the left ventricular assist device as a destination (...)
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  24.  17
    Fight Like a Ferret: A Novel Approach of Using Art Therapy to Reduce Anxiety in Stroke Patients Undergoing Hospital Rehabilitation.K. Ali, T. Gammidge & D. Waller - 2014 - Medical Humanities 40 (1):56-60.
    Rationale The holistic aspect of stroke rehabilitation to include psychological well-being is currently neglected, with more emphasis placed on physical recovery despite anxiety and depression being common poststroke. From the limited amount of current literature, it seems that creative strategies such as art therapy can be beneficial in reducing isolation and anxiety among stroke patients.Methods Stroke patients in a hospital rehabilitation unit were invited to participate in two weekly AT sessions for 6 weeks, facilitated by an art psychotherapist (...)
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  25. Divine Therapy: Love, Mysticism, and Psychoanalysis.Janet Sayers - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    There is mounting evidence that strong personal relationships and spiritual beliefs contribute to our well-being. In Divine Therapy, Janet Sayers employs a biographical approach to the lives and writings of a range of eminent psychotherapists and psychologists to illuminate the link between physical and mental well-being and the 'at-one-ness' provided by love, religious and mystical experiences.
     
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  26.  26
    Physical and Conceptual Constructions in Advanced Learning Environments.Henrik Hautop Lund & Patrizia Marti - 2004 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 5 (2):271-301.
    I-BLOCKS are an innovative concept of building blocks allowing users to manipulate conceptual structures and compose atomic actions while building physical constructions. They represent an example of enabling technologies for tangible interfaces since they emphasise physicality of interaction through the use of spatial and kinaesthetic knowledge. The technology presented in this paper is integrated in physical building blocks augmented with embedded and invisible microprocessors. Connectivity and behaviour of such structures are defined by the physical connectivity between the (...)
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  27.  16
    The Elusive Line Between Enhancement and Therapy and its Effects on Health Care in the US.Laura Colleton - 2008 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 18 (1):70-78.
    Biotechnology now makes it possible to enhance human traits as well as treat illnesses and disorders. What it has neglected to establish, however, is a clear line between these two functions, a distinction between what counts as treatment or therapy and what counts as enhancement. The bulk of the literature on enhancements focuses on the ethics of enhancements, not on the criteria that qualify a procedure as an enhancement . While the ethical questions regarding the desirability of enhancements are (...)
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  28.  36
    Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy: The Gap Between Practice and Knowledge.Keren Bachi - 2012 - Society and Animals 20 (4):364-380.
    Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy is widely used, and the uses to which it can be put are still being developed. However, existing knowledge about this field is insufficient, and most of the research suffers from methodological problems that compromise its rigor. This review will explore research into the linked fields of Animal-Assisted Therapy and Equine-Assisted Activities/Therapies related to physical health. Existing knowledge of mental, emotional, and social applications of EAA/T is presented. Evaluation studies in the subfield suggest that people benefit (...)
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  29.  6
    African Therapy for a Fractured World: The Life of Founder Bishop Johannes Richmond and the Invention of Tradition and Group Cohesion in an African Initiated Church.Cas Wepener - 2015 - Hts Theological Studies 71 (1).
    In the book The invention of tradition historian Eric Hobsbawm claims that the process of the invention of tradition serves the formation of group cohesion. The different versions of the life story of the founder bishop of the Corinthian Church of South Africa, as documented during many years of conducting qualitative field work in this church, are used in this article as a case study in this regard. The article unpacks the way in which the invention of tradition as a (...)
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  30.  12
    Die Neutronentherapie: Ein Experimentalsystem der Radioonkologie.Thorsten Kohl - 2017 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 40 (4):368-392.
    Neutron Therapy: An Experimental System in Radiooncology. The history of the use of neutrons in radiotherapy will be revisited by focusing on the ideas, theories and experiments that led to first clinical studies. For addressing epistemological questions regarding biological effects of fast neutrons, the notion of an “experimental system” is employed and its evolution over time discussed. Taking up the analytical framework of Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, biological effects and the physical instrument “cyclotron” are conceptualized in terms of epistemic and (...)
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  31.  16
    Ayahuasca Treatment Center Safety for the Western Seeker.Raven Renèe Ray & Kerry S. Lassiter - 2016 - Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (2):121-150.
    Ayahuasca, an ancient Amazonian psychedelic tea traditionally used ceremonially among indigenous peoples, has recently become known as a possible treatment for a wide range of disorders. The awareness of this sacred medicine has grown exponentially over the past decade, attracting westerners from a wide variety of backgrounds, hoping to find treatment for a myriad of emotional and physical illnesses, as well as spiritual needs. In the wake of the commercialization and westernization of the use of ayahuasca, and the subsequent (...)
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  32.  14
    Teaching as Therapy.Catherine Scott - 2008 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (4):545-556.
    The 20th century saw a profound change to the model of humanity commonly accepted in the West. At the start of the century the tripartite model of personhood included the components of mind, body and soul, or the physical, mental and moral/spiritual aspects of being. By the end of the century, this had changed to physical, mental and emotional. This substitution of ‘emotional’ for ‘moral’ has had profound effects, not the least on teaching. The effects have included alterations (...)
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  33.  26
    Teaching as Therapy.Catherine Scott - 2008 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (4):545-556.
    The 20th century saw a profound change to the model of humanity commonly accepted in the West. At the start of the century the tripartite model of personhood included the components of mind, body and soul, or the physical, mental and moral/spiritual aspects of being. By the end of the century, this had changed to physical, mental and emotional. This substitution of 'emotional' for 'moral' has had profound effects, not the least on teaching. The effects have included alterations (...)
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  34. Relational Child, Relational Brain: Development and Therapy in Childhood and Adolescence.Robert G. Lee & Neil Harris (eds.) - 2011 - Gestalt Press.
    Volume II in the Evolution of Gestalt series, _Relational Child, Relational Brain_ continues the development of the paradigm shift that places human development in a field that is deeply complex and fundamentally one of interconnection, taking us away from the limiting view of us as separate individuals. It builds on the foundation of contemporary views of relational neurodevelopment and the profound influence of relationship on brain growth. It shows how, particularly in the first two years of life, but continuing across (...)
     
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  35. Bioethics and Physiotherapy.I. Poulis - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):435-436.
    Physiotherapy raises serious bioethical questions that are far too little discussed. Concerns include the lack of a clearly defined end point, the closeness of interaction between therapist and patient, the patient’s own share of responsibility, and the common failure to refer patients for rehabilitation.Physiotherapy has evolved dramatically in recent years, to the point where it is now a major healthcare profession offering assessment, diagnosis and treatment for a wide range of conditions, from sports injuries to rehabilitation for major injuries and (...)
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  36. Flawed by Dasein? Phenomenology, Ethnomethodology, and the Personal Experience of Physiotherapy.Thomas Abrams - 2014 - Human Studies 37 (3):431-446.
    This paper applies a hybrid Heideggerian-ethnomethodological approach to physiotherapy practice. Unlike previous studies written by and for practitioners, this paper uses my personal experience receiving physical therapy as its point of departure. By combining Heidegger’s [Being and time (trans: Stambaugh J). State University of New York Press, New York 1996] notion of the ‘ontological difference’ with Garfinkel’s (Studies in ethnomethodology, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs 1967) concept of ‘accountability,’ I argue that in physical therapy practice, both client and (...)
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  37.  26
    A Cybernetic Computational Model for Learning and Skill Acquisition.B. Scott & A. Bansal - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):125-136.
    Context: Although there are rich descriptive accounts of skill acquisition in the literature, there are no satisfactory explanatory models of the cognitive processes involved. Problem: The aim of the paper is to explain some key phenomena frequently observed in the acquisition of motor skills: the loss of conscious access to knowledge of the structure of a skill and the awareness that an error has been made prior to the receipt of knowledge of results. Method: In the 1970s, the first author (...)
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  38.  27
    Communication barriers in the technologist-patient relationship within the professional context.Elena María Muñoz Calvo, Mercedes Caridad García González, Luz Angélica Leyva Barceló & Kenia Ricardo Bencomo - 2013 - Humanidades Médicas 13 (1):38-55.
    Introducción: la formación de profesionales competentes es una de las misiones esenciales de la Educación Médica Superior, esto exige que los tecnólogos posean habilidades comunicativas para un correcto desempeño laboral en aras del mejoramiento humano. Objetivo de la investigación: identificar las barreras que inciden en la comunicación tecnólogo - paciente en las carreras de Licenciatura en Traumatología, Podología, Terapia Física y Rehabilitación Social Ocupacional, en áreas de rehabilitación. Métodos: se presenta un estudio observacional, descriptivo longitudinal y retrospectivo entre junio de (...)
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  39.  14
    Evaluation and Economic Impact Analysis of Different Treatment Options for Ankle Distortions in Occupational Accidents.Amaryllis Audenaert, Jente Prims, Genserik Ll Reniers, Dirk Weyns, Peter Mahieu & Emmanuel Audenaert - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (5):933-939.
    Rationale, aims and objectives: Appropriate use of diagnostic and treatment modalities are essential for rational use of resources. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of diagnostic modalities and different treatment options and their economic impacts following an acute ankle distortion resulting from an occupational accident. We evaluated the type-of-treatment impact on the victims' course of recovery as well as its impact on the associated accident costs. Research was carried out in Belgium. Methods: An ankle distortion victims' (...)
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  40. Listening to the Whispers: Re-Thinking Ethics in Healthcare.Christine Sorrell Dinkins & Jeanne Merkle Sorrell (eds.) - 2006 - University of Wisconsin Press.
    _Listening to the Whispers_ gives voice to scholars in philosophy, medical anthropology, physical therapy, and nursing, helping readers re-think ethics across the disciplines in the context of today's healthcare system. Diverse voices, often unheard, challenge readers to enlarge the circle of their ethical concerns and look for hidden pathways toward new understandings of ethics. Essays range from a focus on the context of corporatization and managed care environments to a call for questioning the fundamental values of society as (...)
     
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  41. The Philosophical Foundations of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Stoicism, Buddhism, Taoism, and Existentialism.Kim Diaz & Edward Murguia - 2015 - Journal of Evidence-Based Psychotherapies 15 (1):39-52.
    In this study, we examine the philosophical bases of one of the leading clinical psychological methods of therapy for anxiety, anger, and depression, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). We trace this method back to its philosophical roots in the Stoic, Buddhist, Taoist, and Existentialist philosophical traditions. We start by discussing the tenets of CBT, and then we expand on the philosophical traditions that ground this approach. Given that CBT has had a clinically measured positive effect on the psychological well-being (...)
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  42. Two Conceptions of the Physical.Daniel Stoljar - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):253-281.
    The debate over physicalism in philosophy of mind can be seen as concerning an inconsistent tetrad of theses: if physicalism is true, a priori physicalism is true; a priori physicalism is false; if physicalism is false, epiphenomenalism is true; epiphenomenalism is false. This paper argues that one may resolve the debate by distinguishing two conceptions of the physical: on the theory-based conception, it is plausible that is true and is false; on the object-based conception, it is plausible that is (...)
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  43. Brain, Mind and Machine: What Are the Implications of Deep Brain Stimulation for Perceptions of Personal Identity, Agency and Free Will?Nir Lipsman & Walter Glannon - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (9):465-470.
    Brain implants, such as Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), which are designed to improve motor, mood and behavioural pathology, present unique challenges to our understanding of identity, agency and free will. This is because these devices can have visible effects on persons' physical and psychological properties yet are essentially undetectable when operating correctly. They can supplement and compensate for one's inherent abilities and faculties when they are compromised by neuropsychiatric disorders. Further, unlike talk therapy or pharmacological treatments, patients need (...)
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  44. Philosophical Delusion and its Therapy: Outline of a Philosophical Revolution.Eugen Fischer - 2011 - Routledge.
    _Philosophical Delusion and its Therapy_ provides new foundations and methods for the revolutionary project of philosophical therapy pioneered by Ludwig Wittgenstein. The book vindicates this currently much-discussed project by reconstructing the genesis of important philosophical problems: With the help of concepts adapted from cognitive linguistics and cognitive psychology, the book analyses how philosophical reflection is shaped by pictures and metaphors we are not aware of employing and are prone to misapply. Through innovative case-studies on the genesis of classical problems (...)
  45. Computation in Physical Systems: A Normative Mapping Account.Paul Schweizer - 2019 - In Matteo Vincenzo D'Alfonso & Don Berkich (eds.), On the Cognitive, Ethical, and Scientific Dimensions of Artificial Intelligence. Springer Verlag.
    The relationship between abstract formal procedures and the activities of actual physical systems has proved to be surprisingly subtle and controversial, and there are a number of competing accounts of when a physical system can be properly said to implement a mathematical formalism and hence perform a computation. I defend an account wherein computational descriptions of physical systems are high-level normative interpretations motivated by our pragmatic concerns. Furthermore, the criteria of utility and success vary according to our (...)
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  46.  57
    Is Mitochondrial Donation Germ‐Line Gene Therapy? Classifications and Ethical Implications.J. Newson Ainsley & Wrigley Anthony - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (1):55-67.
    The classification of techniques used in mitochondrial donation, including their role as purported germ-line gene therapies, is far from clear. These techniques exhibit characteristics typical of a variety of classifications that have been used in both scientific and bioethics scholarship. This raises two connected questions, which we address in this paper: how should we classify mitochondrial donation techniques?; and what ethical implications surround such a classification? First, we outline how methods of genetic intervention, such as germ-line gene therapy, are (...)
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  47.  81
    No Physical Particles for a Dispositional Monist?Baptiste Le Bihan - 2015 - Philosophical Papers 44 (2):207-232.
    A dispositional monist believes that all properties are essentially causal. Recently, an overdetermination argument has been proposed by Trenton Merricks to support nihilism about ordinary objects. I argue that this argument can be extended to target both nihilism about ordinary objects and nihilism about physical particles when dispositional monism is assumed. It implies that a philosopher who both endorses dispositional monism and takes seriously the overdetermination argument should not believe in the existence of physical particles. I end up (...)
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  48. Capturing Emotional Thoughts: The Philosophy of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy.Michael McEachrane - 2009 - In Ylva Gustafsson, Camilla Kronqvist & Michael McEachrane (eds.), Emotions and Understanding: Wittgensteinian Perspectives. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This chapter examines two premises of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) - that emotions are caused by beliefs and that those beliefs are represented in the mind as words or images. Being a philosophical examination, the chapter also seeks to demonstrate that these two premises essentially are philosophical premises. The chapter begins with a brief methodological suggestion of how to properly evaluate the theory of CBT. From there it works it way from examining the therapeutic practice of capturing the mental representations (...)
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  49.  74
    A Simplicity Criterion for Physical Computation.Tyler Millhouse - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (1):153-178.
    The aim of this paper is to offer a formal criterion for physical computation that allows us to objectively distinguish between competing computational interpretations of a physical system. The criterion construes a computational interpretation as an ordered pair of functions mapping (1) states of a physical system to states of an abstract machine, and (2) inputs to this machine to interventions in this physical system. This interpretation must ensure that counterfactuals true of the abstract machine have (...)
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  50. When Physical Systems Realize Functions.Matthias Scheutz - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (2):161-196.
    After briefly discussing the relevance of the notions computation and implementation for cognitive science, I summarize some of the problems that have been found in their most common interpretations. In particular, I argue that standard notions of computation together with a state-to-state correspondence view of implementation cannot overcome difficulties posed by Putnam's Realization Theorem and that, therefore, a different approach to implementation is required. The notion realization of a function, developed out of physical theories, is then introduced as a (...)
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