Results for 'political obligations'

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  1. Fairness, Political Obligation, and the Justificatory Gap.Jiafeng Zhu - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy (4):1-23.
    The moral principle of fairness or fair play is widely believed to be a solid ground for political obligation, i.e., a general prima facie moral duty to obey the law qua law. In this article, I advance a new and, more importantly, principled objection to fairness theories of political obligation by revealing and defending a justificatory gap between the principle of fairness and political obligation: the duty of fairness on its own is incapable of preempting the citizen‟s (...)
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  2.  44
    Political Obligations.George Klosko (ed.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first in-depth study of popular attitudes towards political obligations and how these are viewed by the state. Leading political theorist George Klosko provides a full defense of a theory of political obligation based on the principle of fairness, which is widely viewed as the strongest theory of obligation currently available. This theory is then extended into a developed 'multiple principle' theory of obligation.
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  3.  37
    Are Political Obligations Content Independent?George Klosko - 2011 - Political Theory 39 (4):498-523.
    Current scholars generally view political obligations as "content independent." Citizens have moral reasons to obey the law because it is the law, rather than because of the content of different laws. However, this position is subject to criticism on both theoretical and practical grounds. The main consideration in favor of content independence, the so-called "self-image of the state," does not actually support it. Properly understood, the state's self-image is to comply with laws because of the underlying moral reasons (...)
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  4.  47
    Political Obligation: A Critical Introduction.Dudley Knowles - 2009 - Routledge.
    Political obligation is concerned with the clash between the individual's claim to self-governance and the right of the state to claim obedience.
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  5. Political Obligation: A Critical Introduction.Dudley Knowles - 2009 - Routledge.
    Political obligation is concerned with the clash between the individual’s claim to self-governance and the right of the state to claim obedience. It is a central and ancient problem in political philosophy. In this authoritative introduction, Dudley Knowles frames the problem of obligation in terms of the duties citizens have to the state and each other. Drawing on a wide range of key works in political philosophy, from Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, David Hume and G. W. F. (...)
     
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  6. Associative Political Obligations.A. John Simmons - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):247-273.
    It is claimed by philosophers as diverse as Burke, Walzer, Dworkin, and MacIntyre that our political obligations are best understood as "associative" or "communal" obligations--that is, as obligations that require neither voluntary undertaking nor justification by "external" moral principles, but rather as "local" moral responsibilities whose normative weight derives entirely from their assignment by social practice. This paper identifies three primary lines of argument that appear to support such assertions: conceptual arguments, the arguments of nonvoluntarist contract (...)
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  7. Political Obligation, Fairness, and Independence.Jonathan Wolff - 1995 - Ratio 8 (1):87-99.
    In the first section the problem of political obligation is motivated, and in Section 2 the core structure of the problem is laid bare. A recognition ofthis structure prompts reflection that the problem will appear very different to different thinkers, depending on their moral theories. It also invites the speculation that the problem will be incapable of solution on some moral theories while trivial on others. This polarity does reflect the state of much of the literature until fairly recently. (...)
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  8. A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society.Margaret Gilbert - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Margaret Gilbert offers an incisive new approach to a classic problem of political philosophy: when and why should I do what the law tells me to do? Do I have special obligations to conform to the laws of my own country and if so, why? In what sense, if any, must I fight in wars in which my country is engaged, if ordered to do so, or suffer the penalty for law-breaking the law imposes - including the death (...)
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  9.  36
    Fairness, Political Obligation, and the Justificatory Gap.Jiafeng Zhu - 2015 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 12 (3):290-312.
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  10. Political Obligations in a Sea of Tyranny and Crushing Poverty.Aaron Maltais - 2014 - Legal Theory 20 (3):186-209.
    Christopher Wellman is the strongest proponent of the natural-duty theory of political obligations and argues that his version of the theory can satisfy the key requirement of ; namely, justifying to members of a state the system of political obligations they share in. Critics argue that natural-duty theories like Wellman's actually require well-ordered states and/or their members to dedicate resources to providing the goods associated with political order to needy outsiders. The implication is that natural-duty (...)
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  11. Associative Political Obligations.Bas van der Vossen - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (7):477-487.
    This article aims to provide some insight into the nature and content of the theory of associative political obligation. It does this by first locating the view in the wider debate on political obligation, analyzing the view in terms of four central elements that are shared by many of its versions, and then discussing important criticisms that have been made of each of these, as well as some rejoinders by defenders of the theory.
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  12. Moral Principles and Political Obligations.A. John Simmons - 1979 - Princeton University Press.
    Every political theorist will need this book . . . . It is more 'important' than 90% of the work published in philosophy."--Joel Feinberg, University of Arizona.
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  13. Political Obligation and the Argument From Gratitude.A. D. M. Walker - 1988 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (3):191-211.
  14. The Grammar of Political Obligation.Thomas Fossen - 2014 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 13 (3):215-236.
    This essay presents a new way of conceptualizing the problem of political obligation. On the traditional ‘normativist’ framing of the issue, the primary task for theory is to secure the content and justification of political obligations, providing practically applicable moral knowledge. This paper develops an alternative, ‘pragmatist’ framing of the issue, by rehabilitating a frequently misunderstood essay by Hanna Pitkin and by recasting her argument in terms of the ‘pragmatic turn’ in recent philosophy, as articulated by Robert (...)
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  15.  78
    Political Obligation.Richard Dagger - unknown - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  16. Political Obligation.George Klosko - 2011 - In The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    This is the first in-depth study of popular attitudes towards political obligations and how these are viewed by the state. Leading political theorist George Klosko provides a full defense of a theory of political obligation based on the principle of fairness, which is widely viewed as the strongest theory of obligation currently available.
     
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  17. Political Obligation and the Particularity Requirement.Christopher Heath Wellman - 2004 - Legal Theory 10 (2):97-115.
  18.  3
    Moral Principles and Political Obligations.A. John Simmons - 1979 - Princeton University Press.
    Outlining the major competing theories in the history of political and moral philosophy--from Locke and Hume through Hart, Rawls, and Nozick--John Simmons attempts to understand and solve the ancient problem of political obligation. Under what conditions and for what reasons, he asks, are we morally bound to obey the law and support the political institutions of our countries?
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  19.  47
    Political Obligation and the Natural Duties of Justice.George Klosko - 1994 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 23 (3):251-270.
  20. Farewell to Political Obligation: In Defense of a Permissive Conception of Legitimacy.Jiafeng Zhu - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (3).
    In the recent debate on political legitimacy, we have seen the emergence of a revisionist camp, advocating the idea of ‘legitimacy without political obligation,’ as opposed to the traditional view that political obligation is necessary for state legitimacy. The revisionist idea of legitimacy is appealing because if it stands, the widespread skepticism about the existence of political obligation will not lead us to conclude that the state is illegitimate. Unfortunately, existing conceptions of ‘legitimacy without political (...)
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  21.  91
    Political Obligation and the Self.Matthew Noah Smith - 2013 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (2):347-375.
  22.  19
    Political Obligation.R. S. Downie & Thomas McPherson - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):378.
  23.  41
    Political Obligation: A Pluralistic Approach.Jonathan Wolff - 2000 - In Maria Baghramian & Attracta Ingram (eds.), Pluralism: The Philosophy and Politics of Diversity. Routledge. pp. 179--96.
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  24. Duties of Samaritanism and Political Obligation.Massimo Renzo - 2008 - Legal Theory 14 (3):193–217.
    In this article I criticize a theory of political obligation recently put forward by Christopher Wellman. Wellman's “samaritan theory” grounds both state legitimacy and political obligation in a natural duty to help people in need when this can be done at no unreasonable cost. I argue that this view is not able to account for some important features of the relation between state and citizens that Wellman himself seems to value. My conclusion is that the samaritan theory can (...)
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  25.  19
    Associative Political Obligations: Their Potential.Bas van der Vossen - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (7):488-496.
  26.  81
    Acceptance, Fairness, and Political Obligation.Edward Song - 2012 - Legal Theory 18 (2):209-229.
    Among the most popular strategies for justifying political obligations are those that appeal to the principle of fairness. These theories face the challenge, canonically articulated by Robert Nozick, of explaining how it is that persons are obligated to schemes when they receive goods that they do not ask for but cannot reject. John Simmons offers one defense of the principle of fairness, arguing that people could be bound by obligations of fairness if they voluntarily accept goods produced (...)
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  27.  72
    Political Obligation and Gratitude.George Klosko - 1989 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 18 (4):352-358.
  28. Political Obligation and Authority.A. John Simmons - 2002 - In Robert L. Simon (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Social and Political Philosophy. Blackwell.
     
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  29.  28
    Political Obligation.William N. Nelson - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (2):266-268.
  30.  62
    Political Authority and Political Obligation.Stephen R. Perry - 2013 - In Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law: Volume 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 1-74.
    Legitimate political authority is often said to involve a “right to rule,” which is most plausibly understood as a Hohfeldian moral power on the part of the state to impose obligations on its subjects (or otherwise to change their normative situation). Many writers have taken the state’s moral power (if and when it exists) to be a correlate, in some sense, of an obligation on the part of the state’s subjects to obey its directives. Thus legitimate political (...)
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  31. Political Obligation and the Particularity Problem.P. J. Markie - 2009 - Ratio 22 (3):322-337.
    Natural duty theorists of political obligation try to base a moral duty to obey the law on some natural duty, such as the duty to promote justice. Their critics say they confront an insurmountable obstacle in the particularity problem: Since natural duties do not bind us to some persons and institutions more strongly than to others, they cannot support a duty to one particular state or society. I solve the particularity problem, by developing a version of the political (...)
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  32. Group Membership and Political Obligation.Margaret Gilbert - 1993 - The Monist 76 (1):119-131.
    This is how A. John Simmons sets the scene for his discussion of political obligation in his book Moral Principles and Political Obligations, one of the best known contemporary philosophical treatments of the subject.
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  33.  26
    Moral Principles and Political Obligations.Diana T. Meyers - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):472.
  34.  90
    Membership and Political Obligation.Samuel Scheffler - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy:3-23.
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  35. Multiple Principles of Political Obligation.George Klosko - 2004 - Philosophy Today 32 (6):801-824.
    Scholars who doubt the existence of general political obligations typically criticize and reject theories of obligation based on individual moral principles, for example, consent, fairness, or a natural duty of justice. Astronger position can result fromcombining different principles in a single theory. I develop a multiprinciple theory of political obligation, based on the principle of fairness, a natural duty of justice, and what I call the “common good” principle. The three principles interact in three main ways: “cumulation,” (...)
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  36. Moral Principles and Political Obligations.A. John Simmons - 1980 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 87 (4):568-568.
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  37. Fair Play, Political Obligation, and Punishment.Zachary Hoskins - 2011 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 5 (1):53-71.
    This paper attempts to establish that, and explain why, the practice of punishing offenders is in principle morally permissible. My account is a nonstandard version of the fair play view, according to which punishment 's permissibility derives from reciprocal obligations shared by members of a political community, understood as a mutually beneficial, cooperative venture. Most fair play views portray punishment as an appropriate means of removing the unfair advantage an offender gains relative to law-abiding members of the community. (...)
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  38.  65
    Fairness, Self-Deception and Political Obligation.Massimo Renzo - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 169 (3):467-488.
    I offer a new account of fair-play obligations for non-excludable benefits received from the state. Firstly, I argue that non-acceptance of these benefits frees recipients of fairness obligations only when a counterfactual condition is met; i.e. when non-acceptance would hold up in the closest possible world in which recipients do not hold motivationally-biased beliefs triggered by a desire to free-ride. Secondly, I argue that because of common mechanisms of self-deception there will be recipients who reject these benefits without (...)
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  39. The Content-Independence of Political Obligation: What It is and How to Test It.Laura Valentini - 2018 - Legal Theory 24 (2):135-157.
    One of the distinctive features of the obligation to obey the law is its content-independence. We ought to do what the law commands because the law commands it, and not because of the law's content—i.e., the independent merits of the actions it prescribes. Despite its popularity, the notion of content-independence is marked by ambiguity. In this paper, I first clarify what content-independence is. I then develop a simple test—the “content-independence test”—which allows us to establish whether any candidate justification of the (...)
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  40. Associative Responsibilities and Political Obligation.Massimo Renzo - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (246):106-127.
    In this paper I criticise an influential version of associative theory of political obligation and I offer a reformulation of the theory in ‘quasi-voluntarist’ terms. I argue that although unable by itself to solve the problem of political obligation, my quasi-voluntarist associative model can play an important role in solving this problem. Moreover, the model teaches us an important methodological lesson about the way in which we should think about the question of political obligation. Finally, I suggest (...)
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  41. Kant's Non-Voluntarist Conception of Political Obligations: Why Justice is Impossible in the State of Nature.Helga Varden - 2008 - Kantian Review 13 (2):1-45.
    This paper presents and defends Kant’s non-voluntarist conception of political obligations. I argue that civil society is not primarily a prudential requirement for justice; it is not merely a necessary evil or moral response to combat our corrupting nature or our tendency to act viciously, thoughtlessly or in a biased manner. Rather, civil society is constitutive of rightful relations because only in civil society can we interact in ways reconcilable with each person’s innate right to freedom. Civil society (...)
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  42.  40
    Farewell to Political Obligation: In Defense of a Permissive Conception of Legitimacy.Jiafeng Zhu - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (3):449-469.
    In the recent debate on political legitimacy, we have seen the emergence of a revisionist camp, advocating the idea of ‘legitimacy without political obligation,’ as opposed to the traditional view that political obligation is necessary for state legitimacy. The revisionist idea of legitimacy is appealing because if it stands, the widespread skepticism about the existence of political obligation will not lead us to conclude that the state is illegitimate. Unfortunately, existing conceptions of ‘legitimacy without political (...)
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  43.  2
    Playing Fair: Political Obligation and the Problems of Punishment.Richard Dagger - 2018 - Oup Usa.
    In Playing Fair, Richard Dagger provides a unified theory of political obligation and the justification of punishment that takes its bearings from the principle of fair play. Dagger argues that members of a just polity have an obligation to obey its laws because they have an obligation of reciprocity or fair play to one another.
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  44.  78
    The Consent Theory of Political Obligation.Harry Beran - 1989 - Ethics 99 (4):949-950.
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  45. Consent, Freedom and Political Obligation.John Petrov Plamenatz - 1968 - Oxford University Press.
  46. Political Obligation.Richard E. Flathman - 1973 - Political Theory 1 (1):104-106.
     
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  47.  23
    Political Obligation and Military Service in Three Countries.George Klosko, Michael Keren & Stacy Nyikos - 2003 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (1):37-62.
    University of Calgary, Canada and Tel Aviv University, Israel mkeren{at}ucalgary.ca ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Stacy Nyikos University of Tulsa, USA stacy-nyikos{at}utulsa.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Although questions of political obligation have been much discussed by scholars, little attention has been paid to moral reasons advanced by actual states to justify the compliance of their subjects. We examine the `self-image of the state' through Supreme Court decisions in the (...)
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  48.  76
    In Defence of Associative Political Obligations: Part Two.John Horton - 2007 - Political Studies 55 (1):1-19.
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  49. Tacit Consent and Political Obligation.A. John Simmons - 1976 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (3):274-291.
  50. In Defence of Associative Political Obligations: Part One.John Horton - 2006 - Political Studies 54 (3):427–43.
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