Results for 'pollution'

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Bibliography: Pollution in Applied Ethics
  1.  64
    Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research.Kevin Elliott - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    Could low-level exposure to polluting chemicals be analogous to exercise -- a beneficial source of stress that strengthens the body? Some scientists studying the phenomenon of hormesis claim that that this may be the case.s A Little Pollution Good For You? critically examines the current evidence for hormesis.
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  2.  59
    Semantic Pollution and Syntactic Purity.Stephen Read - 2015 - Review of Symbolic Logic 8 (4):649-661.
    Logical inferentialism claims that the meaning of the logical constants should be given, not model-theoretically, but by the rules of inference of a suitable calculus. It has been claimed that certain proof-theoretical systems, most particularly, labelled deductive systems for modal logic, are unsuitable, on the grounds that they are semantically polluted and suffer from an untoward intrusion of semantics into syntax. The charge is shown to be mistaken. It is argued on inferentialist grounds that labelled deductive systems are as syntactically (...)
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  3.  49
    Miasma: Pollution and Purification in Early Greek Religion. [REVIEW]Robert Garland & R. Parker - 1986 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 106:234-235.
  4. Polluting the Polls: When Citizens Should Not Vote.Jason Brennan - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (4):535-549.
    Just because one has the right to vote does not mean just any vote is right. Citizens should not vote badly. This duty to avoid voting badly is grounded in a general duty not to engage in collectively harmful activities when the personal cost of restraint is low. Good governance is a public good. Bad governance is a public bad. We should not be contributing to public bads when the benefit to ourselves is low. Many democratic theorists agree that we (...)
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  5. Corporate Environmental Responsibility in Polluting Industries: Does Religion Matter?Xingqiang Du, Wei Jian, Quan Zeng & Yingjie Du - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (3):1-23.
    Using a sample of Chinese listed firms in polluting industries for the period of 2008–2010, we empirically investigate whether and how Buddhism, China’s most influential religion, affects corporate environmental responsibility (CER). In this study, we measure Buddhist variables as the number of Buddhist monasteries within a certain radius around Chinese listed firms’ registered addresses. In addition, we hand-collect corporate environmental disclosure scores based on the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) sustainability reporting guidelines. Using hand-collected Buddhism data and corporate environmental disclosure scores, (...)
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  6.  25
    Light Pollution: A Case Study in Framing an Environmental Problem.Taylor Stone - 2017 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 20 (3):279-293.
    Light pollution is a topic gaining importance and acceptance in environmental discourse. This concept provides a framework for categorizing the adverse effects of nighttime lighting, which advocacy groups and regulatory efforts are increasingly utilizing. However, the ethical significance of the concept has, thus far, received little critical reflection. In this paper, I analyze the moral implications of framing issues in nighttime lighting via the concept of light pollution. First, the moral and political importance of problem framing is discussed. (...)
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  7.  32
    Pollution, Profits, and Stakeholders: The Constraining Effect of Economic Performance on CEO Concern with Stakeholder Expectations. [REVIEW]Robert S. Dooley & Linda D. Lerner - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (9):701 - 711.
    This study examined the constraining effect of economic performance on the relationship between CEO stakeholder orientations and four pollution performance categories. Economic performance was found to moderate the relationship for two of the four categories. Additionally economic performance was found to consistently interact with some CEO stakeholder orientations and not others. Overall the results suggest that CEO concern with stakeholder expectations is in large part moderate by the economic performance of the firm.
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  8.  1
    Air Pollution in the Making: Multiplicity and Difference in Interdisciplinary Data Practices.Emma Garnett - 2017 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 42 (5):901-924.
    This article traces an emergent tension in an interdisciplinary public health project called Weather Health and Air Pollution. The tension centered on two different kinds of data of air pollution: monitored and modeled data. Starting out with monitoring and modeling practices, the different ways in which they enacted air pollution are detailed. This multiplicity was problematic for the WHAP scientists, who were intent on working across disciplines, an initiative driven primarily by the epidemiologists who imbued the project (...)
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  9.  24
    Semiotic Pollution: Deliberations Towards an Ecology of Signs.Roland Posner - 2000 - Sign Systems Studies 28:290-307.
    This article compares the material pollution of life's elementary resources, i.e., water, soil, and air, with the semiotic pollution of the elementary resources of sign-processes, i.e., channel, sign-matter, and message; code, signifier, and signified; as well as context, sender, and recipient. It is claimed that semiotic pollution interferes with sign-processes as much as material pollution interferes with the fundamental processes of life; both types of pollution are similar in that they produce stress for human beings (...)
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  10.  44
    Air Pollution: Group and Individual Obligations.Rita C. Manning - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (3):211-225.
    The individual motorist often defends his unwillingness to change his driving habits in the face of air pollution by pointing out that a change in his actions would be insignificant. The environmentalist responds by asking what would happen if everyone did change. In this paper I defend the environmentalist’s response. I argue that we can appeal to the following principle to defend both group and individual obligations to clean up air: if the consequences of everyone doing aare undesirable, then (...)
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  11.  6
    Air Pollution Monitoring Using WSN Nodes with Machine Learning Techniques: A Case Study.Paul D. Rosero-Montalvo, Vivian F. López-Batista, Ricardo Arciniega-Rocha & Diego H. Peluffo-Ordóñez - 2022 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 30 (4):599-610.
    Air pollution is a current concern of people and government entities. Therefore, in urban scenarios, its monitoring and subsequent analysis is a remarkable and challenging issue due mainly to the variability of polluting-related factors. For this reason, the present work shows the development of a wireless sensor network that, through machine learning techniques, can be classified into three different types of environments: high pollution levels, medium pollution and no noticeable contamination into the Ibarra City. To achieve this (...)
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  12. ‘‘ ‘The Polluter Pays’: Backward-Looking Principles of Intergenerational Justice and the Environment.Daniel Butt - 2013 - In Jean-Christophe Merle (ed.), Spheres of Global Justice. Springer. pp. 757-774.
    This paper provides theoretical support for two historical principles for the allocation of remedial responsibility for paying the costs of pollution caused by humans. These remedial principles are based upon particular forms of backward-looking connection with the pollution in question. The suggestion is that we can have reasons to pay the costs of pollution when we are members of communities which were responsible for the original polluting acts in question and/or which have benefited from the polluting acts. (...)
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  13.  1
    Polluting Black Space.Courtney M. Bonam, Hilary B. Bergsieker & Jennifer L. Eberhardt - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (11):1561-1582.
  14. Science, Pollution, and Clean Drinking Water: Choosing Between Tap Water, Bottled Water, and Home Purification.Franz Foltz - 1999 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 19 (4):300-309.
    Focusing on the recent explosion in the use of bottled water, this article—originally written for my NASTS conference presentation—will examine the rhetoric used by the bottled water industry and home purification system providers to affect the public’s idea of clean, pure, dirty, and polluted water. Bottlers argue that the Food and Drug Administration provides better regulation of bottled water than the Environmental Protection Agency could ever do for tap water, though the EPA and the FDA use basically the same set (...)
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  15. Environmental Pollution and Professional Responsibility: Ibsen's A Public Enemy as a Seminar on Science Communication and Ethics.Hub Zwart - 2004 - Environmental Values 13 (3):349-372.
    Dr Stockmann, the principal character in Henrik Ibsen's A Public Enemy, is a classic example of a whistle-blower who, upon detecting and disclosing a serious case of environmental pollution, quickly finds himself transformed from a public benefactor into a political outcast by those in power. If we submit the play to a 'second reading', however, it becomes clear that the ethical intricacies of whistle-blowing are interwoven with epistemological issues. Basically, the play is about the complex task of communicating scientific (...)
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  16.  5
    Can Apps Make Air Pollution Visible? Learning About Health Impacts Through Engagement with Air Quality Information.Magali A. Delmas & Aanchal Kohli - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (2):279-302.
    Air pollution is one of the largest environmental health risks globally but is often imperceptible to people. Air quality smartphone applications provide real-time localized air quality information and have the potential to help people learn about the health effects of air pollution and enable them to take action to protect their health. Hundreds of air quality apps are now available; however, there is scant information on how effective these mobile apps are at educating stakeholders about air pollution (...)
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  17.  2
    Malfeasance: Appropriation Through Pollution?Michel Serres - 2010 - Stanford University Press.
    In this reflection on the relation between nature and culture, Michel Serres relates the present environmental catastrophe to pollution generated by humanity's efforts to appropriate.
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  18.  36
    Race, Pollution, and the Mastery of Nature.Robert R. Higgins - 1994 - Environmental Ethics 16 (3):251-264.
    Racial environmental inequities, documented in research over the past ten years, have deep cultural sources in the connections between the concept of social pollution as it has operated in U.S. race relations and the pollution of minority communities, both of which are, in part, the expression of our dominant cultural ethic and project of mastering nature. The project of mastering nature requires thedisciplining of “human nature” in a context of social power in order to dominate “outward” or “external” (...)
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  19.  27
    Political Connections and Industrial Pollution: Evidence Based on State Ownership and Environmental Levies in China.Min Maung, Craig Wilson & Xiaobo Tang - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (4):649-659.
    We investigate how state involvement in the ownership of non-listed entrepreneurial firms affects pollution fees levied by national and provincial governments in China. While the national government sets minimum environmental standards, provincial governments can enact requirements that exceed these minimums, and they are largely responsible for enforcing even the national standards, so environmental levies can measure concessions that provinces make to encourage development and employment. Furthermore, state ownership is a good proxy for a firm’s political connections, which can influence (...)
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  20.  23
    Pollution and Infection: An Hypothesis Still-Born.R. J. Hankinson - 1995 - Apeiron 28 (1):25 - 65.
  21.  18
    CEO Hubris and Firm Pollution: State and Market Contingencies in a Transitional Economy.Lu Zhang, Shenggang Ren, Xiaohong Chen, Dayuan Li & Duanjinyu Yin - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (2):459-478.
    This study focuses on CEO hubris and its effect on corporate unethical behaviour—pollution in particular, and in addition examines critical institutional contingencies [state ownership, political connection and industrial competition] which may moderate this effect. With data from over-polluting listed firms based on the real-time pollution monitoring system in transitional China from 2015 to 2017, we find that CEO hubris is significantly positively related to firm pollution, and that the moderating role of SO is not significant, that PC (...)
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  22. Hourly Pollutants Forecasting Using a Deep Learning Approach to Obtain the AQI.José Antonio Moscoso-López, Javier González-Enrique, Daniel Urda, Juan Jesús Ruiz-Aguilar & Ignacio J. Turias - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    The Air Quality Index shows the state of air pollution in a unique and more understandable way. This work aims to forecast the AQI in Algeciras 8 hours in advance. The AQI is calculated indirectly through the predicted concentrations of five pollutants to achieve this goal. Artificial neural networks, sequence-to-sequence long short-term memory networks and a newly proposed method combing a rolling window with the latter are employed as the forecasting techniques. Besides, two input approaches are evaluated: using only (...)
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  23. Pollutions Beyond the Walls In More’s London and in His Utopia.Francis Carpinelli - 2014 - Moreana 51 (3-4):83-113.
    The pollutions discussed in this paper are merciless or inhumane activities practiced by people against other people or even against other creatures. The three main ones observed by young Thomas More as he travelled beyond the western wall of London in the early 1490s, were as follows: butchering of animals at the Smithfield pens; quarantining of diseased persons at St. Giles-in-the-Fields; and executions of criminals at the Tyburn gallows. These gruesome activities are described in Part I of this study. Such (...)
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  24.  16
    Air Pollution: Group and Individual Obligations.Rita C. Manning - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (3):211-225.
    The individual motorist often defends his unwillingness to change his driving habits in the face of air pollution by pointing out that a change in his actions would be insignificant. The environmentalist responds by asking what would happen if everyone did change. In this paper I defend the environmentalist’s response. I argue that we can appeal to the following principle to defend both group and individual obligations to clean up air: if the consequences of everyone doing aare undesirable, then (...)
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  25. Environmental Pollutants and Infertility.G. R. Bentley - 1998 - Journal of Biosocial Science 30 (2):277-277.
     
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  26. Historical Analysis of Water Pollution in the Portoviejo River.Gonzalo Guambo, Julio Torres & Santiago Quiroz - 2022 - Minerva 3 (8):54-60.
    The river Portoviejo crosses four cantons of the province of Manabí and is the main source of water for the inhabitants of the area to be used in various uses. The objective of this bibliographic review article is to carry out a historical analysis of the water pollution of the Portoviejo River. The qualitative and descriptive documentary research methodology was used. The authors conclude that the factors that influence the pollution of the Portoviejo River are the constant direct (...)
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  27.  53
    The Pollution Solution: A Critique of Dore’s Response to the Argument From Evil.Andrea M. Weisberger - 1997 - Sophia 36 (1):53-74.
    There is yet one more proposed solution to the argument from evil which merits attention. Though it does have elements in common with other proposed solutions in that it postulates a justifying end to account for the existence of all evil, it is different in that evil is viewed as nothing more than a polluting by-product of the proper functioning of the laws of nature in their industrious manufacture of the summum bonum. The unimpeded functioning of the laws of nature (...)
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  28.  2
    Psychological Distance Toward Air Pollution and Purchase Intention for New Energy Vehicles: An Investigation in China.Wenlong Liu, Lele Zeng & Qunwei Wang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Air pollution in China has been drawing considerable attention in recent years. The emergence of new energy vehicles provides hope to reduce air pollutant emission. However, consumers' recognition and acceptance of NEVs remain at the early stage. This research aims to explore how consumers' environmental concern influences their NEV purchase intention. Specifically, this research conducted an online survey and an experiment to address the following issues: how consumers' psychological distance toward air pollution influences their purchase intention for NEVs, (...)
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  29. Sexual Pollution in the Hebrew Bible.[author unknown] - 2014
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  30.  71
    Stepping in for the Polluters? Climate Justice Under Partial Compliance.Sabine Hohl & Dominie Roser - 2011 - Analyse & Kritik 33 (2):477-500.
    Not all countries do their fair share in the effort of preventing dangerous climate change. This presents those who are willing to do their part with the question whether they should 'take up the slack' and try to compensate for the non-compliers' failure to reduce emissions. There is a pro tanto reason for doing so given the human rights violations associated with dangerous climate change. The article focuses on fending off two objections against a duty to take up the slack: (...)
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  31. Pollution and/as History.Daniel A. Barber - 2009 - In Eva Ebersberger, Daniela Zyman & Thordis Arrhenius (eds.), Jorge Otero-Pailos: The Ethics of Dust. Dist. By Art Publishers.
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  32. Pollution and the Environment: Some Radically New Ancient Views.Ron Epstein - manuscript
    It is very easy to get the feeling here in our local community that we have reached an impasse on pollution and many other environmental issues. The lines are clearly drawn, and all too often loud name-calling drowns out the little meaningful dialogue that is actually taking place. My purpose tonight is to present some ways of looking at environmental questions that are very old, yet which may represent fresh approaches to many of us. Perhaps some of the ideas (...)
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  33.  10
    Pollution and the Sandy-Beach Whelkbullia.A. C. Brown - 1982 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 44 (4):555-562.
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  34.  13
    Mental Pollution Impedes Foreign Language Reading Comprehension.Yakup ÇETİN - 2012 - Journal of Turkish Studies 7:305-318.
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  35.  13
    Addressing Marine Plastic Pollution.Laurent J. G. van der Maesen - 2018 - International Journal of Social Quality 8 (2):47-77.
  36. Air Pollution and Corporate Power: Municipal Reform Limits In A Black City.Edward Greer - 1974 - Politics and Society 4 (4):483-510.
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  37. Pollution Police Pursue Chemical Criminals.Barry C. Groveman & John L. Segal - 1985 - Business and Society Review 55:39-42.
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  38. Air Pollution and Respiratory Symptoms in Preschool Children.D. Nikic - 1999 - Facta Universitatis, Series: Linguistics and Literature 1 (4):65-71.
     
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  39. Potentially Polluted Sites: An Inventary.F. Ogé - 1998 - Nature Sciences Sociétés 6 (2):65-69.
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  40.  41
    Hazard and Effects of Pollution by Lead on Vegetable Crops.M. N. Feleafel & Z. M. Mirdad - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):547-567.
    Lead (Pb) contamination of the environment is an important human health problem. Children are vulnerable to Pb toxicity; it causes damage to the central nervous system and, in some extreme cases, can cause death. Lead is widespread, especially in the urban environment, and is present in the atmosphere, soil, water and food. Pb tends to accumulate in surface soil because of its low solubility, mobility, and relative freedom from microbial degradation of this element in the soil. Lead is present in (...)
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  41.  24
    Environmental Pollution & the Threshold of Harm.Joel Feinberg - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (3):27-31.
  42.  10
    ICT Pollution and Liability.Christer Magnusson - 2011 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 41 (1):48-53.
    To a large extent liability for ICT perils is still a grey area, even though an increasing number of information security researchers adopt economic approaches to highlight market mechanisms and externalities. That is why this article focuses on the need for increased awareness of externalities and liability among ICT professionals and their customers. This is critical to achieve in order to promote appropriate ICT technologies and services with comprehensible privacy and security protection. What is needed is a better understanding of (...)
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  43.  9
    Water Pollution Info & Filtration Resources Why I Changed My Mind About Water Fluoridation.John Colquhoun - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (1):29-44.
  44.  24
    Homitrophs, Pollution and Optimum Population.Miguel Santos - 1984 - World Futures 20 (1):37-53.
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  45.  28
    Roman Pollution. J.L. Lennon Pollution and Religion in Ancient Rome. Pp. X + 229. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Cased, £60, Us$99. Isbn: 978-1-107-03790-8. [REVIEW]J. R. Hume - 2015 - The Classical Review 65 (1):208-210.
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  46. Rights, Pollution, and Public Policy.H. Sterling Burnett - 2010 - In Christi Favor, Gerald F. Gaus & Julian Lamont (eds.), Essays on Philosophy, Politics & Economics: Integration & Common Research Projects. Stanford Economics and Finance.
  47. Pollution Prevention Across the Technological Curriculum: An Interdisciplinary Case Approach.Eric Katz, Burt Kimmelman & Nancy Walters Coppola - 1994 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 14 (3):150-154.
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  48. Air Pollution and Maple Decline.Brent Mitchell - 1987 - Nexus 9 (3):1-13.
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  49. Two Pollutants for the Price of One.Connie Senior - 2005 - In Alan F. Blackwell & David MacKay (eds.), Power. Cambridge University Press. pp. 149--5.
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  50. Pollution in the Garden of the Argentine Republic: Building State Capacity to Escape From Chaotic Regulation.Matthew Amengual - 2013 - Politics and Society 41 (4):527-560.
    Environmental regulation in middle-income and developing countries is often viewed with high degrees of pessimism. Although many countries have adopted protective laws, violations are widespread and institutions are weak. This paper analyzes the puzzle of shifting patterns of environmental regulation in Argentina, a country with widespread institutional weakness. Most regulators in Argentina take a firefighting approach, acting only when skirmishes emerge between communities and firms. Amidst regulatory chaos, improvements in the environmental performance of firms are few, and noncompliance remains the (...)
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