Results for 'practical science'

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  1.  11
    Chemistry as a Practical Science.Peeter Müürsepp - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (3):213-223.
    This is an attempt to take a look at chemistry from the point of view of practical realism. Besides its social–historical and normative aspects, the latter involves a direct reference to experimental research. According to Edward Caldin chemistry depends on our being able to isolate pure substances with reproducible properties. Thus, the very basis of chemistry is practical. Even the laws of chemistry are not stable but are subject to correction. At the same time, these statements do not (...)
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  2.  22
    Nursing as a Practical Science: Some Insights From Classical Aristotelian Science.Beverly J. B. Whelton - 2000 - Nursing Philosophy 1 (1):57-63.
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  3.  29
    The Practical Science of Medicine.Nancy Maull - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (2):165-182.
    Contemporary medicine, it is argued here, employs reductive explanations, but at the same time resists wholesale reduction to ‘deeper’ biochemical and physical fields or theories. In its own reductive explanations, to be sure, medicine borrows causal concepts from other fields and so necessarily shares certain explanatory goals with those deeper fields. However, because medicine has additional, distinctive goals as well as a special subject matter and problems (it is a practical science), the field of medicine is ultimately irreducible.
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  4.  15
    Human Nature as a Source of Practical Truth: Aristotelian–Thomistic Realism and the Practical Science of Nursing.Beverly J. B. Whelton Rn - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (1):35-46.
  5.  13
    Human Nature as a Source of Practical Truth: Aristotelian-Thomistic Realism and the Practical Science of Nursing.Beverly J. B. Whelton RN - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (1):35-46.
  6.  15
    Human Nature as a Source of Practical Truth: Aristotelian–Thomistic Realism and the Practical Science of Nursing.Beverly J. B. Whelton - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (1):35-46.
    This discussion is grounded in Aristotelian–Thomistic realism and takes the position that nursing is a practical science. As an exposition of the title statement, distinctions are made between opinion and truth, and the speculative, productive and practical sciences. Sources of opinion and truth are described and a discussion follows that truth can be achieved through knowing principles and causes of the natural kind behind phenomena. It is proposed that humans are the natural kind behind nursing phenomena. Thus, (...)
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  7.  20
    Measurement, Pleasure, and Practical Science in Plato's Protagoras.Henry S. Richardson - 1990 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 28 (1).
  8.  48
    Chemistry as a Practical Science: Edward Caldin Revisited.Peeter Müürsepp - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (2):113-123.
    This is an attempt to take a look at chemistry from the point of view of practical realism. Besides its social–historical and normative aspects, the latter involves a direct reference to experimental research. According to Edward Caldin chemistry depends on our being able to isolate pure substances with reproducible properties. Thus, the very basis of chemistry is practical. Even the laws of chemistry are not stable but are subject to correction. At the same time, these statements do not (...)
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  9.  32
    Galileo in Padua: Architecture, Fortifications, Mathematics and “PracticalScience.Raffaele Pisano & Paolo Bussotti - 2015 - Lettera Matematica Pristem International 2 (4):209-222.
    During his stay in Padua ca. 1592–1610, Galileo Galilei (1564–1642) was a lecturer of mathematics at the University of Padua and a tutor to private students of military architecture and fortifications. He carried out these activities at the Academia degli Artisti. At the same time, and in relation to his teaching activities, he began to study the equilibrium of bodies and strength of materials, later better structured and completed in his Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences of 1638. This paper examines (...)
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  10. Measurement, Pleasure, and Practical Science in Plato's "Protagoras".Henry S. Richardson - 1990 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 28 (1):7.
  11. Politics as a Practical Science.Wilhelm Hennis - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
  12.  15
    Popular and Practical Science of Medieval England.Lister M. Matheson.Stephen Partridge - 1999 - Speculum 74 (1):211-212.
  13. Practical Mystic: Religion, Science, and A. S. Eddington.Matthew Stanley - 2007 - University Of Chicago Press.
    Science and religion have long been thought incompatible. But nowhere has this apparent contradiction been more fully resolved than in the figure of A. S. Eddington (1882–1944), a pioneer in astrophysics, relativity, and the popularization of science, and a devout Quaker. Practical Mystic uses the figure of Eddington to shows how religious and scientific values can interact and overlap without compromising the integrity of either. Eddington was a world-class scientist who not only maintained his religious belief throughout (...)
     
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  14.  13
    Point and Set Reasoning in Practical Science Measurement by Entering University Freshmen.Fred Lubben, Bob Campbell, Andy Buffler & Saalih Allie - 2001 - Science Education 85 (4):311-327.
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  15.  12
    Two Aspects of Moral Habituation in Aristotle’s Practical Science.Siyi Chen - 2018 - Rhizomata 6 (2):213-231.
    Through a detailed reconstruction of the process of moral habituation, which includes both a desiderative and an intellectual aspect, I demonstrate in this essay that Aristotelian practical science does not make people practically wise on a ground and personal level, but teaches moral educators how to produce basically good men in and through practice. In particular, the formation of the correct wish for happiness is the natural culmination of desiderative habituation, and intellectual habituation that develops personal practical (...)
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  16.  7
    Pure Science with a Practical Aim: The Meanings of Fundamental Research in Britain, Circa 1916–1950.Sabine Clarke - 2010 - Isis 101 (2):285-311.
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  17.  24
    Pure Science and Practical Interests: The Origins of the Agricultural Research Council, 1930–1937. [REVIEW]Timothy DeJager - 1993 - Minerva 31 (2):129-150.
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  18.  36
    Epistemology, Practical Work and Academic Skills in Science Education.Paul A. Kirschner - 1992 - Science & Education 1 (3):273-299.
  19.  6
    The Limitations of Scientific Psychology as an Applied or Practical Science.E. B. Skaggs - 1934 - Psychological Review 41 (6):572-576.
  20.  50
    Wilhelm Dilthey and Hermeneutics. Dilthey’s Explanation of Hermeneutics as ‘Practical Science’ and the History of Its Reception. [REVIEW]Henry Walter Brann - 1977 - Philosophy and History 10 (2):176-178.
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  21.  20
    Some Notes on Whether Logic is a Speculative or Practical Science.Richard J. Connell - 1956 - New Scholasticism 30 (2):198-205.
  22.  1
    Factions and the Paradox of Aristotelian Practical Science.Eugene Garver - 2005 - Polis 22 (2):181-205.
    Politics V presents preserving and destroying the constitution as exhaustive alternatives, leaving no apparent room for improving the constitution. Aristotle claims that 'if we know the causes by which constitutions are destroyed we also know the causes by which they are preserved; for opposites create opposites, and destruction is the opposite of security' . The first seven chapters present the causes by which constitutions are destroyed, and then chapters 8 and 9 show the causes by which they are preserved. Yet (...)
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  23.  5
    Social Science as Practical Reason.Robert N. Bellah - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (5):32-39.
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  24.  15
    The Practical World: Synthesis, Science, and Kant's Idealism.Mark Glouberman - 1999 - Idealistic Studies 29 (1/2):1-31.
    'Everything,' Kant remarks, 'gravitates ultimately towards the practical.' Judging by 'everything,' Kant is fixing on some feature of reality that he regards as invariant across times, places, and people. Judging by 'ultimately,' Kant believes that the feature yields itself up only to penetrative philosophical scrutiny. The remark is, I believe, a key to 'the basic problem confronting any reader of [Kant],' his idealism.
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  25.  4
    Sociology as Practical Philosophy and Moral Science.Frédéric Vandenberghe - 2018 - Theory, Culture and Society 35 (3):77-97.
    The philosophical assumptions that organize moral sociology as practical philosophy are the outcome of a secular quest to investigate the principles, norms and values behind the constitution of society. As a protracted response to the whole utilitarian-atomistic-individualistic tradition that systematically deemphasizes the constitutive role that morality plays in the structuration of self and society, the sociological tradition has continued, by its own means, the tradition of moral and practical philosophy in theoretically informed empirical research of social practices. Going (...)
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  26.  7
    Practical Reasoning and Science Education: Implications for Theory and Practice.Nancy W. Brickhouse, William B. Stanley & James A. Whitson - 1993 - Science & Education 2 (4):363-375.
  27.  26
    Making Philosophy of Science Education Practical for Science Teachers.B. Berkel & F. Janssen - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (3):229-258.
    Philosophy of science education can play a vital role in the preparation and professional development of science teachers. In order to fulfill this role a philosophy of science education should be made practical for teachers. First, multiple and inherently incomplete philosophies on the teacher and teaching on what, how and why should be integrated. In this paper we describe our philosophy of science education which is composed of bounded rationalism as a guideline for understanding teachers’ (...)
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  28. Feminist Theory in Science: Working Toward a Practical Transformation.Deboleena Roy - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (1):255-279.
    : Although a rich tradition of feminist critiques of science exists, it is often difficult for feminists who are scientists to bridge these critiques with practical transformations in scientific knowledge production. In this paper, I go beyond the general bases of feminist critiques of science by using feminist theory in science to illustrate how a practical transformation in methodology can change molecular biology based research in the reproductive sciences.
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  29.  13
    Science and Responsibility: Part Two: The Problem of Science and Responsibility in Practical Life.André Mercier - 1970 - Studi Internazionali Di Filosofia 2:65-115.
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  30.  16
    The Practical Methodology of Reading in Science and Everyday Life: Reading Althusser Reading Marx.Alexander McHoul - 1980 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 10 (2):129-150.
  31. Practical Reflection.David Velleman - 1989 - Princeton University Press.
    “What do you see when you look at your face in the mirror?” asks J. David Velleman in introducing his philosophical theory of action. He takes this simple act of self-scrutiny as a model for the reflective reasoning of rational agents: our efforts to understand our existence and conduct are aided by our efforts to make it intelligible. Reflective reasoning, Velleman argues, constitutes practical reasoning. By applying this conception, Practical Reflection develops philosophical accounts of intention, free will, and (...)
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  32.  7
    Feminist Theory in Science: Working Toward a Practical Transformation.Deboleena Roy - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (1):255-279.
    Although a rich tradition of feminist critiques of science exists, it is often difficult for feminists who are scientists to bridge these critiques with practical transformations in scientific knowledge production. In this paper, I go beyond the general bases of feminist critiques of science by using feminist theory in science to illustrate how a practical transformation in methodology can change molecular biology based research in the reproductive sciences.
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  33.  5
    Some Practical Suggestions for the Improvement of Science in Developing Countries.Michael J. Moravcsik - 1966 - Minerva 4 (3):381-390.
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  34.  8
    “The Best and Most Practical Philosophers”: Seamen and the Authority of Experience in Early Modern Science.Philippa Hellawell - forthcoming - History of Science:007327531984242.
    Within the historiography of early modern science, trust and credibility have become synonymous with genteel identity. While we should not overlook the cultural values attached to social hierarchy and how it shaped the credibility of knowledge claims, this has limitations when thinking about how contemporaries regarded the origins of that knowledge and its location in different types of workers and skillsets. Using the example of seamen in the circles of the Royal Society, this article employs the category of experience, (...)
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  35. Practical Reflection.J. David Velleman - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (1):33-61.
    “What do you see when you look at your face in the mirror?” asks J. David Velleman in introducing his philosophical theory of action. He takes this simple act of self-scrutiny as a model for the reflective reasoning of rational agents: our efforts to understand our existence and conduct are aided by our efforts to make it intelligible. Reflective reasoning, Velleman argues, constitutes practical reasoning. By applying this conception, _Practical Reflection_ develops philosophical accounts of intention, free will, and the (...)
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  36.  1
    A Toolkit for Democratizing Science and Technology Policy: The Practical Mechanics of Organizing a Consensus Conference.Carol Lobes, Judith Adrian, Joshua Grice, Maria Powell & Daniel Lee Kleinman - 2007 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 27 (2):154-169.
    A widely touted approach to involving laypeople in science and technology policy-related decisions is the consensus conference. Virtually nothing written on the topic provides detailed discussion of the many steps from citizen recruitment to citizen report. Little attention is paid to how and why the mechanics of the consensus conference process might influence the diversity of the participants in theses fora, the quality of the deliberation in the citizen sessions, the experiences of the participants and organizers, and other outcomes (...)
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  37.  23
    Practical Reasonableness, Theory, and the Science of Self-Understanding.Jason Robinson - 2008 - The European Legacy 13 (6):687-701.
    The practical nature of all human understanding lies at the heart of Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics, yet the stress he places on practicality and his appeal to Aristotle remain relatively neglected by the secondary literature. This neglect is due in part to a failure to see the great extent to which Gadamer relies on the Aristotelian concept of phron?sis (practical wisdom) and, to a lesser extent, on the Hegelian concept of the concrete universal. The purpose of this paper is (...)
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  38.  10
    The Facilities for Practical Instruction in Science During the Early Years of the Ecole Polytechnique.Margaret Bradley - 1976 - Annals of Science 33 (5):425-446.
    The facilities provided for practical teaching at the Ecole Polytechnique, at the time of its foundation and during the Napoleonic period, have been the subject for much research and conjecture. Documents are discussed and presented which throw light on the actual situation, the number of laboratories, their equipment and apparatus, and the amount of practical instruction provided for the students.
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  39. Practical Realism: Against Standard Scientific Realism and Anti-Realism.Rein Vihalemm - 2012 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):7-22.
    In this paper, the elaboration of the concept of practical realist philosophy of science which began in the author's previous papers is continued. It is argued that practical realism is opposed to standard scientific realism, on the one hand, and antirealism, on the other. Standard scientific realism is challengeable due to its abstract character, as being isolated from practice. It is based on a metaphysical-ontological presupposition which raises the problem of the God's Eye point of view (as (...)
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  40.  71
    Practical Reflection.Dudley Knowles - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (161):524-527.
    “What do you see when you look at your face in the mirror?” asks J. David Velleman in introducing his philosophical theory of action. He takes this simple act of self-scrutiny as a model for the reflective reasoning of rational agents: our efforts to understand our existence and conduct are aided by our efforts to make it intelligible. Reflective reasoning, Velleman argues, constitutes practical reasoning. By applying this conception, _Practical Reflection_ develops philosophical accounts of intention, free will, and the (...)
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  41.  58
    Practical Wisdom and Business Ethics.Dennis J. Moberg - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (3):535-561.
    ABSTRACT:Practical wisdom has received scant attention in business ethics. Defined as a disposition toward cleverness in crafting morally excellent responses to, or in anticipation of, challenging particularities, practical wisdom has four psychological components: knowledge, emotion, thinking, and motivation. People's experience, reflection, and inspiration are theorized to determine their capacity for practical wisdom-related performance. Enhanced by their abilities to engage in moral imagination, systems thinking, and ethical reframing, this capacity is realized in the form of wisdom-related performance. This (...)
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  42.  68
    Practical Conflicts: New Philosophical Essays.Peter Baumann & Monika Betzler (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Practical conflicts pervade human life. Agents have many different desires, goals, and commitments, all of which can come into conflict with each other. How can practical reasoning help to resolve these practical conflicts? In this collection of essays a distinguished roster of philosophers analyse the diverse forms of practical conflict. Their aim is to establish an understanding of the sources of these conflicts, to investigate the challenge they pose to an adequate conception of practical reasoning, (...)
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  43.  24
    The Protagoras: A Science of Practical Reasoning.Martha Nussbaum - 2001 - In Elijah Millgram (ed.), Varieties of Practical Reasoning. MIT Press. pp. 153--201.
  44.  22
    Guest Editorial: Philosophy of Science in Practice and Practical Realism.Endla Lõhkivi & Rein Vihalemm - 2012 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):1-6.
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  45.  23
    The End of Practical Wisdom: Ethics as Science in the Thirteenth Century.Anthony J. Celano - 1995 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (2):225-243.
  46. A Practical Account of Self-Defence.Helen Frowe - 2010 - Law and Philosophy 29 (3):245-272.
    I argue that any successful account of permissible self- defence must be action-guiding, or practical . It must be able to inform people’s deliberation about what they are permitted to do when faced with an apparent threat to their lives. I argue that this forces us to accept that a person can be permitted to use self-defence against Apparent Threats: characters whom a person reasonably, but mistakenly, believes threaten her life. I defend a hybrid account of self-defence that prioritises (...)
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  47.  5
    The Practical World: Synthesis, Science, and Kant’s Idealism.Mark Glouberman - 1999 - Idealistic Studies 29 (1/2):1-31.
    'Everything,' Kant remarks, 'gravitates ultimately towards the practical.' Judging by 'everything,' Kant is fixing on some feature of reality that he regards as invariant across times, places, and people. Judging by 'ultimately,' Kant believes that the feature yields itself up only to penetrative philosophical scrutiny. The remark is, I believe, a key to 'the basic problem confronting any reader of [Kant],' his idealism.
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  48. Practical Integration: The Art of Balancing Values, Institutions and Knowledge. Lessons From the History of British Public Health and Town Planning.Giovanni De Grandis - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 56:92-105.
    The paper uses two historical examples, public health (1840-1880) and town planning (1945-1975) in Britain, to analyse the challenges faced by goal-driven research, an increasingly important trend in science policy, as exemplified by the prominence of calls for addressing Grand Challenges. Two key points are argued. (1) Given that the aim of research addressing social or global problems is to contribute to improving things, this research should include all the steps necessary to bring science and technology to fruition. (...)
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  49.  12
    Teacher Personal Practical Theories and Their Influence Upon Teacher Curricular and Instructional Actions: A Case Study of a Secondary Science Teacher.Jeffrey W. Cornett, Catherine Yeotis & Lori Terwilliger - 1990 - Science Education 74 (5):517-529.
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  50.  31
    Practical Rationality in Social Science Explanation: A Reply to Terrence Kelly.Lansana Keita - 2006 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (2):219-226.
    Terrence Kelly argues for a theory of practical rationality to explain and handle the issue of residential segregation in the United States. Kelly claims that theories of "racism as irrational" and rational choice are not explanatorily adequate in this regard. I argue that the theory of practical rationality is also not adequate because by allowing agents to offer accounts of their calculated behaviour, it allows little appraisal of the behaviour itself. I argue instead that better explanations could be (...)
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