Results for 'practice-based account'

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  1. The Normative Creature: Toward a Practice-Based Account of Normativity.Roberto Frega - 2014 - Social Theory and Practice 40 (1):1-27.
    In this paper I offer a first account of a practice-based conception of normativity for the political domain. This standpoint is used to relocate the most sophisticated normative practices of justification and critique within an experience-based framework, that of the human being as a “normative creature.” I begin by discussing the two major paradigms in political theory, showing that their neglect of this broad framework of normativity is a serious drawback. I then proceed to articulate the central elements (...)
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  2. Meaning as Use: A Critique and Reconstruction of Robert Brandom's Practice-Based Account of Semantic Norms.Ronald W. Loeffler - 2001 - Dissertation, Northwestern University
    This dissertation defends an account of linguistic meaning and propositional mental content in terms of linguistic practice. In other words, it clarifies and defends the counterintuitive claim that linguistic communication is prior, rather than posterior, in the order of explanation to the semantic features of thought and talk. The project's point of departure is Robert Brandom's comprehensive recent theory of linguistic practice. Two core theses characterize Brandom's theory. First, meaning and content are to be understood in terms of the (...)
     
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  3.  18
    A Pragmatist Critique of Liberal Epistemology: Towards a Practice-Based Account of Public Reason.Roberto Frega - 2011 - Critical Horizons 12 (3):293 - 316.
    This paper tackles with the issue of the place of comprehensive beliefs within the public space. It tries to strike a middle path between the liberal ban on comprehensive beliefs and the anti-liberal claim that comprehensive beliefs should be given full pride of place in public deliberations. The article relies on arguments that are inspired by the pragmatist tradition. It starts locating the main cause of failures at articulating comprehensive beliefs and public reason in a central feature of liberal epistemology, (...)
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  4.  15
    Expectations-Based Processes – An Interventionist Account of Economic Practice: Putting the Direct Practice of Economics on the Agenda of Philosophy of Economics.Leonardo Ivarola, Gustavo Marques & Diego Weisman - 2013 - Economic Thought 2 (2):20.
    The paper starts by distinguishing between two kinds of economic practice: theoretical economic practice and direct economic practice. Most of the epistemological and philosophical considerations have been directed to the first type of practice, one of whose main goals is the discovery of particular sorts of economic laws, mechanisms and other regularities which throw light on relevant economic patterns. We do not deny that in some restricted domains these kinds of regularities may be found. Rather, we claim that the realm (...)
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  5.  35
    How Can I Become a Responsible Subject? Towards a Practice-Based Ethics of Responsiveness.Bernadette Loacker & Sara Louise Muhr - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):265-277.
    Approaches to business ethics can be roughly divided into two streams: ‹codes of behavior’ and ‹forms of subjectification’, with code-oriented approaches clearly dominating the field. Through an elaboration of poststructuralist approaches to moral philosophy, this paper questions the emphasis on codes of behaviour and, thus, the conceptions of the moral and responsible subject that are inherent in rule-based approaches. As a consequence of this critique, the concept of a practice-based ‹ethics of responsiveness’ in which ethics is never final but (...)
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  6. The Mediatization of the Knowledge Based Economy: An Australian Field Based Account.Bob Lingard & Shaun Rawolle - 2010 - Communications - the European Journal of Communication Research 35 (3):269-286.
    This paper presents an empirical account of mediatization from a Bourdieuian perspective, based on the development of a number of new concepts, such as cross-field effects and the rescaling of such effects as linked to processes of globalization. Built on an Australian empirical case relating to educational policy and the knowledge based economy, this paper argues that mediatization can be understood in relation to the cross-field effects of different fields of journalism on subsequent fields, which have their genesis in (...)
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  7. What Is Special About Human Rights?Christian Barry & Nicholas Southwood - 2011 - Ethics and International Affairs 25 (3):369-83.
    Despite the prevalence of human rights discourse, the very idea or concept of a human right remains obscure. In particular, it is unclear what is supposed to be special or distinctive about human rights. In this paper, we consider two recent attempts to answer this challenge, James Griffin’s “personhood account” and Charles Beitz’s “practice-based account”, and argue that neither is entirely satisfactory. We then conclude with a suggestion for what a more adequate account might look like (...)
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  8.  21
    Values Based Practice and Authoritarianism.Tim Thornton - 2014 - In .
    Values based practice is a radical view of the place of values in medicine which develops from a philosophical analysis of values, illness and the role of ethical principles. It denies two attractive and traditional but misguided views of medicine: that diagnosis is a merely factual matter and that the values that should guide treatment and management can be codified in principles. But, in the work of KWM Fulford, it goes further in the form of a radical liberal view: that (...)
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  9. Coping with Things-in-Themselves: A Practice-Based Phenomenological Argument for Realism.Hubert L. Dreyfus & Charles Spinosa - 1999 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 42 (1):49-78.
    Against Davidsonian (or deflationary) realism, it is argued that it is coherent to believe that science can in principle give us access to the functional components of the universe as they are in themselves in distinction from how they appear to us on the basis of our quotidian concerns or sensory capacities. The first section presents the deflationary realist's argument against independence. The second section then shows that, although Heidegger pioneered the deflationary realist account of the everyday, he sought (...)
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  10.  64
    The Freedom-Based Account of Solidarity and Basic Income.van Donselaar Gijs - 1998 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (3):313-333.
    Real-libertarianism, as it is expressed in Philippe Van Parijs' recent monograph Real Freedom for All is characteristically committed to both self-ownership and 'solidarity with the infirm or handicapped. In this article it is argued that the conception of freedom that is used to endorse self-ownership is inconsistent with the conception of freedom or opportunity that is used to justify transfer payments to those with no or low earning capacity. The problem turns around the question whether one's freedom consists in the (...)
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  11.  10
    Toward a Human Rights Based Account of the Just War.Daniel F. Montaldi - 1985 - Social Theory and Practice 11 (2):123-161.
  12.  62
    Causation and Evidence-Based Practive - an Ontological Review.Roger Kerry, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Svein Anders Noer Lie, Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1006-1012.
    We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation from a dispositionalist stance, (...)
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  13.  8
    Response to Tudor: Remorse-Based Sentence Reductions in Theory and Practice.Richard L. Lippke - 2008 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 2 (3):259-268.
    Steven Tudor defends the mitigation of criminal sentences in cases in which offenders are genuinely remorseful for their crimes. More than this, he takes the principle that such remorse-based sentence reductions are appropriate to be a ‘well-settled legal principle’—so well settled, in fact, that ‘it is among those deep-seated commitments which can serve to test general theories as much as they are tested by them’. However, his account of why remorse should reduce punishment is strongly philosophical in character. He (...)
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  14.  6
    Skeletal Age Determination in Adolescents Involved in Judicial Procedures: From Evidence-Based Principles to Medical Practice.M. -O. Pruvost, C. Boraud & P. Chariot - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (2):71-74.
    Background The ideal basis of age estimation is considered to be a combination of clinical, skeletal and dental examinations. It is not easy to determine how forensic physicians take account of evidence-based data obtained from medical journals in their medical decision-making. The question of what is an ethically acceptable probability that adolescents are incorrectly considered to be over 18 has not been answered. Methods In a retrospective study over 1 year (2007), 498 files (for 141 female subjects and 357 (...)
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  15.  90
    Values-Based Practice and Phenomenological Psychopathology: Implications of Existential Changes in Depression.Anthony Vincent Fernandez & Sarah Wieten - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):508-513.
    Values-based practice (VBP), developed as a partner theory to evidence-based medicine (EBM), takes into explicit consideration patients’ and clinicians’ values, preferences, concerns and expectations during the clinical encounter in order to make decisions about proper interventions. VBP takes seriously the importance of life narratives, as well as how such narratives fundamentally shape patients’ and clinicians’ values. It also helps to explain difficulties in the clinical encounter as conflicts of values. While we believe that VBP adds an important dimension to the (...)
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  16.  83
    Mathematical Formalisms in Scientific Practice: From Denotation to Model-Based Representation.Axel Gelfert - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):272-286.
    The present paper argues that ‘mature mathematical formalisms’ play a central role in achieving representation via scientific models. A close discussion of two contemporary accounts of how mathematical models apply—the DDI account (according to which representation depends on the successful interplay of denotation, demonstration and interpretation) and the ‘matching model’ account—reveals shortcomings of each, which, it is argued, suggests that scientific representation may be ineliminably heterogeneous in character. In order to achieve a degree of unification that is compatible (...)
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  17.  4
    Evidence-Based Practice in Education: The Best Medicine?Anne Pirrie - 2001 - British Journal of Educational Studies 49 (2):124-136.
    This paper explores the reasons why the notion of 'evidence-based' practice has gained prominence in educational research. The ascendancy of 'evidence-based' practice is attributed to a crisis of legitimation in educational research. The paper offers a critical exegesis of a systematic review conducted under the auspices of the Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) subgroup of the Cochrane Collaboration.
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  18.  18
    Educational Value and Models-Based Practice in Physical Education.David Kirk - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (9):973-986.
    A models-based approach has been advocated as a means of overcoming the serious limitations of the traditional approach to physical education. One of the difficulties with this approach is that physical educators have sought to use it to achieve diverse and sometimes competing educational benefits, and these wide-ranging aspirations are rarely if ever achieved. Models-based practice offers a possible resolution to these problems by limiting the range of learning outcomes, subject matter and teaching strategies appropriate to each pedagogical model and (...)
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  19.  12
    Work-Based Knowledge, Evidence-Informed Practice and Education.James Avis - 2003 - British Journal of Educational Studies 51 (4):369 - 389.
    This paper starts from an examination of an epistemological framework that underpins practice in particular educational contexts. It examines work-based knowledge, relating this to practitioner research and evidence informed practice. This is followed by an exploration of arguments that call for increased rigour in educational research as well as the use of systematic reviews. The paper examines tensions within educational research located in particular institutional contexts which draw upon 'post-modern' conceptualisations of practice, setting these against research concerned with generalisability that (...)
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  20.  1
    Role-Based Interpretations of Moral Judgments: An Objectivist Account.Jon Tresan - 2009 - Social Theory and Practice 35 (3):369-391.
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  21.  15
    The Evidence‐Based Medicine Model of Clinical Practice: Scientific Teaching or Belief‐Based Preaching?Cathy Charles, Amiram Gafni & Emily Freeman - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):597-605.
  22.  21
    The Value of Evidence and Evidence of Values: Bringing Together Values‐Based and Evidence‐Based Practice in Policy and Service Development in Mental Health.Kenneth W. M. Fulford - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):976-987.
  23.  6
    Evidence‐Based Medicine in General Practice: Beliefs and Barriers Among Australian GPs.Jane M. Young & Jeanette E. Ward - 2001 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (2):201-210.
  24.  15
    Attitudes and Knowledge of Primary Care Professionals Towards Evidence‐Based Practice: A Postal Survey.Catherine A. O'Donnell - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):197-205.
  25.  10
    Uncovering Values‐Based Practice: VBP's Implicit Commitments to Subjectivism and Relativism.Ben Cassidy - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):547-552.
  26.  3
    Barriers to and Enablers of Evidence‐Based Practice in Perinatal Care in the SEA‐ORCHID Project.Tari Turner & Jacki Short - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):591-597.
  27.  6
    Do Physiotherapists' Attitudes Towards Evidence‐Based Practice Change as a Result of an Evidence‐Based Educational Programme?Kay Stevenson, Martyn Lewis & Elaine Hay - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):207-217.
  28.  1
    Creation and Validation of the Evidence‐Based Practice Confidence Scale for Health Care Professionals.Nancy M. Salbach & Susan B. Jaglal - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):794-800.
  29.  3
    Knowledge and Use of Evidence‐Based Practice of GPs and Hospital Doctors.Dominic Upton & Penney Upton - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):376-384.
  30.  6
    Registered Nurses' Application of Evidence‐Based Practice: A National Survey.Anne‐Marie Boström, Anna Ehrenberg, J. Petter Gustavsson & Lars Wallin - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1159-1163.
  31.  7
    Nursing Based Evidence: Moving Beyond Evidence‐Based Practice in Mental Health Nursing.Rene Geanellos - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):177-186.
  32.  7
    Teaching Evidence‐Based Practice: The Teachers Consider the Content.Reza Yousefi‐Nooraie, Arash Rashidian, Jennifer L. Keating & Eva Schonstein - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):569-575.
  33.  4
    Improving the Implementation of Evidence‐Based Practice: A Knowledge Management Perspective.John Sandars & Richard Heller - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):341-346.
  34.  6
    Rural Surgeons' Attitudes Towards and Usage of Evidence‐Based Medicine in Rural Surgical Practice.Simon C. Kitto, Jennifer C. Peller, Elmer V. Villanueva, Russell L. Gruen & Julian A. Smith - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):678-683.
  35.  4
    A Multi-Professional Evidence-Based Practice Course Improved Allied Health Students' Confidence and Knowledge.Sally Bennett, Tammy Hoffmann & Miranda Arkins - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):635-639.
  36.  8
    Evidence‐Based Practice – an Incomplete Model of the Relationship Between Theory and Professional Work.Helen C. Hancock & Patrick R. Easen - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):187-196.
  37.  4
    Most Like It but Some Don't – Attitudes of Vocational Trainees in General Practice Towards Evidence‐Based Medicine.Wolfgang A. Blank, Thorsten Meyer, Antonius Schneider & Klaus Linde - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):615-620.
  38.  4
    From Continuing Education to Personal Digital Assistants: What Do Physical Therapists Need to Support Evidence‐Based Practice in Stroke Management?Nancy M. Salbach, Paula Veinot, Susan B. Jaglal, Mark Bayley & Danielle Rolfe - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):786-793.
  39.  18
    The Relative Effectiveness of Practice Change Interventions in Overcoming Common Barriers to Change: A Survey of 14 Hospitals with Experience Implementing Evidence‐Based Guidelines.Fiona Simpson & Gordon S. Doig - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (5):709-715.
  40.  10
    Evaluation of the Evidence‐Based Practice Attitude and Utilization SurvEy for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Practitioners.Matthew J. Leach & David Gillham - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):792-798.
  41.  13
    Evidence‐Based Medicine, Practice Variations and Clinical Freedom.J. R. Hampton - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):123-131.
  42.  6
    Optimizing Clinical Practice with Case‐Based Reasoning Approach.Claude Dussart, Pascal Pommier, Valérie Siranyan, Gilles Grelaud & Sophie Dussart - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):718-720.
  43.  5
    The Effectiveness of the Use of Patient‐Based Measures of Health in Routine Practice in Improving the Process and Outcomes of Patient Care: A Literature Review.Joanne Greenhalgh & Keith Meadows - 1999 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (4):401-416.
  44.  2
    Evidence‐Based Psychiatric Practice: Doctrine or Trap?Michael Berk & Miles Leigh Janet - 1999 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (2):149-152.
  45.  4
    Evidence Into Practice: A Theory Based Study of Achieving National Health Targets in Primary Care.Susan Michie, Jane Hendy, Jonathan Smith & Fiona Adshead Msc Ffph - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (3):447-456.
  46. A Determinable-Based Account of Metaphysical Indeterminacy.Jessica M. Wilson - 2013 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 56 (4):359–385.
    Many phenomena appear to be indeterminate, including material macro-object boundaries, predicates or properties admitting of borderline cases, and certain open future claims. Here I provide an account of indeterminacy in metaphysical, rather than semantic or epistemic, terms. Previous such accounts have been "meta-level" accounts, taking metaphysical indeterminacy (MI) to involve its being indeterminate which of various determinate states of affairs obtain. On my alternative, "object-level" account, MI involves its being determinate (or just plain true) that an indeterminate (less (...)
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  47.  9
    Evidence‐Based Practice in Primary Care: Past, Present and Future.Irene Benech, Allson E. Wilson Rgn & Anthony C. Dowell - 1996 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (4):249-263.
  48.  7
    Depth of Understanding and Excellence of Practice: The Question of Wholeness and Problem‐Based Learning.D. B. Margetson - 2000 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (3):293-303.
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  49.  6
    A Practical Educational Tool for Teaching Child‐Care Hospital Professionals Attending Evidence‐Based Practice Courses for Continuing Medical Education to Appraise Internal Validity in Systematic Reviews.Paola Rosati & Franz Porzsolt - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):648-652.
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  50.  6
    Methodological Innovation in Practice-Based Design Doctorates.Joyce S. R. Yee - 2010 - Journal of Research Practice 6 (2):Article M15.
    This article presents a selective review of recent design PhDs that identify and analyse the methodological innovation that is occurring in the field, in order to inform future provision of research training. Six recently completed design PhDs are used to highlight possible philosophical and practical models that can be adopted by future PhD students in design. Four characteristics were found in design PhD methodology: innovations in the format and structure of the thesis, a pick-and-mix approach to research design, situating practice (...)
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