Results for 'principle of sufficient reason'

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  1. Alexander Baumgarten on the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Courtney D. Fugate - 2014 - Philosophica 44.
    This paper defends the Principle of Sufficient Reason, taking Baumgarten as its guide. The primary aim is not to vindicate the principle, but rather to explore the kinds of resources Baumgarten originally thought sufficient to justify the PSR against its early opponents. The paper also considers Baumgarten's possible responses to Kant's pre-Critical objections to the proof of the PSR. The paper finds that Baumgarten possesses reasonable responses to all these objections. While the paper notes that (...)
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  2. Reasoning Without the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Shieva Kleinschmidt - 2013 - In Tyron Goldschmidt (ed.), The Philosophy of Existence: Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? Routledge. pp. 64-79.
    According to Principles of Sufficient Reason, every truth (in some relevant group) has an explanation. One of the most popular defenses of Principles of Sufficient Reason has been the presupposition of reason defense, which takes endorsement of the defended PSR to play a crucial role in our theory selection. According to recent presentations of this defense, our method of theory selection often depends on the assumption that, if a given proposition is true, then it has (...)
     
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  3.  76
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason Defended: There Is No Conjunction of All Contingently True Propositions.Christopher M. P. Tomaszewski - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (1):267-274.
    Toward the end of his classic treatise An Essay on Free Will, Peter van Inwagen offers a modal argument against the Principle of Sufficient Reason which he argues shows that the principle “collapses all modal distinctions.” In this paper, a critical flaw in this argument is shown to lie in van Inwagen’s beginning assumption that there is such a thing as the conjunction of all contingently true propositions. This is shown to follow from Cantor’s theorem and (...)
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    After Contingency: Toward the Principle of Sufficient Reason as Post Factum.Tyler Tritten - 2015 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 19 (1):24-38.
    This essay argues for the contingency of necessity. The thesis is that contingency constitutes the possibility of necessity, which is always subsequent to contingency, only contingent necessity, a mere modality of contingent being. This study posits the contingency of necessity through a reading of Quentin Meillassoux and the late lectures of F. W. J. Schelling. While Meillassoux argues for the necessity of contingency, Schelling seeks to uncover the contingency at the heart of what is necessary. Although the principle of (...)
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  5. The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Spinoza.Martin Lin - forthcoming - In Michael Della Rocca (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Spinoza.
  6. Principle of Sufficient Reason.Yitzhak Melamed & Martin Lin - unknown - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason is a powerful and controversial philosophical principle stipulating that everything must have a reason or cause. This simple demand for thoroughgoing intelligibility yields some of the boldest and most challenging theses in the history of metaphysics and epistemology. In this entry we begin with explaining the Principle, and then turn to the history of the debates around it. A section on recent discussions of the Principle will be added (...)
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  7. On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Arthur Schopenhauer - 1974 - La Salle, Ill., Open Court.
    Machine generated contents note: General editor's preface; Editorial notes and references; Introduction; Notes on text and translation; Chronology; Bibliography; Part I. On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason: 1. Introduction; 2. Survey of what is most important in previous teachings about the principle of sufficient reason; 3. Inadequacy of previous accounts and sketch of a new one; 4. On the first class of objects for the subject and the form of the (...)
     
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  8.  48
    On Schopenhauer's Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.F. C. White - 1992 - E.J. Brill.
    This book is a philosophical commentary on Schopenhauer's "Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason," dealing with each of Schopenhauer's principal ...
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  9. The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment.Alexander R. Pruss - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason says that all contingent facts must have explanation. In this 2006 volume, which was the first on the topic in the English language in nearly half a century, Alexander Pruss examines the substantive philosophical issues raised by the Principle Reason. Discussing various forms of the PSR and selected historical episodes, from Parmenides, Leibnez, and Hume, Pruss defends the claim that every true contingent proposition must have an explanation against major objections, (...)
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  10. A Restricted Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Cosmological Argument.Alexander R. Pruss - 2004 - Religious Studies 40 (2):165-179.
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) says that, necessarily, every contingently true proposition has an explanation. The PSR is the most controversial premise in the cosmological argument for the existence of God. It is likely that one reason why a number of philosophers reject the PSR is that they think there are conceptual counter-examples to it. For instance, they may think, with Peter van Inwagen, that the conjunction of all contingent propositions cannot have an explanation, or (...)
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  11. Grounding the Principle of Sufficient Reason: Leibnizian Rationalism Versus the Humean Challenge.Brandon C. Look - 2011 - In Carlos Fraenkel, Dario Perinetti & Justin Smith (eds.), The Rationalists: Between Tradition and Revolution. Springer. pp. 201--219.
    This essay examines arguments offered in support of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) by Leibniz and his followers as well as Hume's critique of the PSR. It is shown that Leibniz has a defensible argument for the PSR, whereas the arguments of his self-proclaimed followers are weak. Thus, Hume's challenge is met by Leibniz, by Wolff and Baumgarten not so much.
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  12.  34
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason, the Ontological Argument and the Is/Ought Distinction.Omri Boehm - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):556-579.
    Kant's attack on metaphysics consists in large part in his attack on a principle that he names the Supreme Principle of Pure Reason. This principle, it is not often noticed, is the Principle of Sufficient Reason [PSR]. In interpreting this principle as such, I argue that Kant's attack on the PSR depends on Kant's claim that existence is not a first-order predicate. If existence isn't what Kant calls a real predicate, the PSR (...)
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  13. On the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Jacek Wojtysiak - 2007 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):111-135.
    The aim of this paper is to defend the ontological Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR-O). I analyse various versions of this principle and various ways of justifying it. Then I attempt to challenge some counterexamples allegedly refuting a universal application of the PSR-O. There are standard and non-standard versions of the PSR-O. The PSR-Ostand can only be valid if there are no chains of contingent reasons and outcomes with first modules, i.e. all chains are actually infinite. (...)
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  14. Brute Contingency and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Wesley Morriston - 1977 - Philosophy Research Archives 3:845-861.
    This essay deals with a Leibnizian version of the argument from the contingent existence of the world to the necessary existence of God, especially with the statements of the argument presented by Father Copleston in his famous B.B.C. debate with Bertrand Russell and, more recently, by Richard Taylor, in his Metaphysics. The essay is divided into two parts. In the first part, I am chiefly concerned with showing how the principle of sufficient reason, together with the claim (...)
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  15.  46
    Avicenna and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Kara Richardson - 2014 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (4):743-768.
    The term “principle of sufficient reason” was coined by Leibniz, and he is often regarded as its paradigmatic proponent. But as Leibniz himself often insisted, he was by no means the first philosopher to appeal to the idea that everything must have a reason. Histories of the principle attribute versions of it to various ancient authors. A few of these studies include—or at least do not exclude—medieval philosophers; one finds the PSR in Abelard, another finds (...)
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    Schopenhauer on the Principle of Sufficient Reason.D. W. Hamlyn - 1971 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 5:145-162.
    ‘The Principle of Sufficient Reason in all its forms is the sole principle and the sole support of all necessity. For necessity has no other true and distinct meaning than that of the infallibility of the consequence when the reason is posited. Accordingly every necessity is conditioned ; absolute, i.e. unconditioned, necessity therefore is a contradicto in adjecto . For to be necessary can never mean anything but to result from a given reason.’ These (...)
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  17.  1
    Schopenhauer on the Principle of Sufficient Reason: D. W. Hamlyn.D. W. Hamlyn - 1971 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 5:145-162.
    ‘The Principle of Sufficient Reason in all its forms is the sole principle and the sole support of all necessity. For necessity has no other true and distinct meaning than that of the infallibility of the consequence when the reason is posited. Accordingly every necessity is conditioned ; absolute, i.e. unconditioned, necessity therefore is a contradicto in adjecto. For to be necessary can never mean anything but to result from a given reason.’ These words (...)
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  18. The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Moral Argument.Mark T. Nelson - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (1):15-26.
    The Clarke/Rowe version of the Cosmological Argument is sound only if the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) is true, but many philosophers, including Rowe, think that there is not adequate evidence for the principle of sufficient reason. I argue that there may be indirect evidence for PSR on the grounds that if we do not accept it, we lose our best justification for an important principle of metaethics, namely, the Principle of Universalizability. (...)
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  19. Retrocausal Effects as a Consequence of Orthodox Quantum Mechanics Refined to Accommodate The Principle of Sufficient Reason.Henry P. Stapp - 2011 - AIP Conference Proceedings 1408.
    The principle of sufficient reason asserts that anything that happens does so for a reason: no definite state of affairs can come into being unless there is a sufficient reason why that particular thing should happen. This principle is usually attributed to Leibniz, although the first recorded Western philosopher to use it was Anaximander of Miletus. The demand that nature be rational, in the sense that it be compatible with the principle of (...)
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  20.  7
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason and Free Will.Blake McAllister - 2010 - Stance 3:1-8.
    I examine Leibniz’s version of the Principle of Sufficient Reason with respect to free will, paying particular attention to Peter van Inwagen’s argument that this principle leads to determinism. Ultimately I conclude that Leibniz’s formulation is incompatible with free will. I then discuss a reformulation of the Principle of Sufficient Reason endorsed by Alexander Pruss that, I argue, manages to both retain the strength of Leibniz’s formulation and remain consistent with free will.
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  21. Ex Nihilo Nihil Fit: Arguments New and Old for the Principle of Sufficient Reason Alexander R. Pruss November 1, 2002 1. Introduction. [REVIEW]Alexander Pruss - manuscript
    “Ex nihilo nihil fit,” goes the classic adage: nothing comes from nothing. Parmenides used the Principle of Sufficient Reason to argue that there was no such thing as change: If there was change, why did it happen when it happened rather than earlier or later? “Nothing happens in vain, but everything for a reason and under necessitation,” claimed Leucippus. Saint Thomas insisted in the.
     
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  22.  88
    On a Principle of Sufficient Reason.Brian Leftow - 2003 - Religious Studies 39 (3):269-286.
    In The Metaphysics of Creation and The Metaphysics of Theism, Norman Kretzmann defends an argument for God's existence which he claims to find in Aquinas. I assess this argument's key premise, a principle of sufficient reason, that: ‘PSR2: Every existing thing has a reason for its existence either in the necessity of its own nature or in the causal efficacy of some other beings’. PSR2 requires God's nature to explain His existence. Kretzmann does not tell us (...)
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    The Cosmological Argument Without the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Elmar J. Kremer - 1997 - Faith and Philosophy 14 (1):62-70.
    We formulate a version of the Cosmological Argument that deploys an epistemic principle of explanation in place of the traditional Principle of Sufficient Reason. The epistemic principle asserts that if there is a possible explanation of a fact, and some proposition is entailed by that explanation and by every other possible explanation of that fact, it is reasonable to accept that proposition. We try to show that there is a possible explanation of the fact that (...)
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    The Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Development of Formal Logic.Ni Dingfu - 1981 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 12 (3):16-28.
    Whether or not the principle of sufficient reason is a fundamental rule of formal logic is a question that merits serious discussion. In debates from as early as the 1960s, when discussing the subject and functions of formal logic, some comrades pointed out that formal logic cannot study just the forms of thought alone. One of their basic arguments was that "the principle of sufficient reason demands that the content of a premise must be (...)
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  25.  1
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Moral Argument: MARK T. NELSON.Mark T. Nelson - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (1):15-26.
    The Clarke/Rowe version of the Cosmological Argument is sound only if the Principle of Sufficient Reason is true, but many philosophers, including Rowe, think that there is not adequate evidence for the principle of sufficient reason. I argue that there may be indirect evidence for PSR on the grounds that if we do not accept it, we lose our best justification for an important principle of metaethics, namely, the Principle of Universalizability. To (...)
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  26. Schopenhauer: On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason and Other Writings: Volume 4.David E. Cartwright, Edward E. Erdmann & Christopher Janaway (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    This volume of translations unites three shorter works by Arthur Schopenhauer that expand on themes from his book The World as Will and Representation. In On the Fourfold Root he takes the principle of sufficient reason, which states that nothing is without a reason why it is, and shows how it covers different forms of explanation or ground that previous philosophers have tended to confuse. Schopenhauer regarded this study, which he first wrote as his doctoral dissertation, (...)
     
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  27. The Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Development of Formal Logic.Ni Dingfu - 1976 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 7 (3):16-28.
    Whether or not the principle of sufficient reason is a fundamental rule of formal logic is a question that merits serious discussion. In debates from as early as the 1960s, when discussing the subject and functions of formal logic, some comrades pointed out that formal logic cannot study just the forms of thought alone. One of their basic arguments was that "the principle of sufficient reason demands that the content of a premise must be (...)
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  28. The Principles of Contradiction, Sufficient Reason, and Identity of Indiscernibles.Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra - forthcoming - In Maria Rosa Antognazza (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Leibniz. Oxford University Press.
    Leibniz was a philosopher of principles: the principles of Contradiction, of Sufficient Reason, of Identity of Indiscernibles, of Plenitude, of the Best, and of Continuity are among the most famous Leibnizian principles. In this article I shall focus on the first three principles; I shall discuss various formulations of the principles (sect. 1), what it means for these theses to have the status of principles or axioms in Leibniz’s philosophy (sect. 2), the fundamental character of the Principles of (...)
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  29. Prevention, Preemption, and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Christopher Hitchcock - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (4):495-532.
  30.  15
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Some Scholastic Systems, 1750-1900.John Edwin Gurr - 1959 - Marquette University Press.
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  31. On the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Arthur Schopenhauer - 1891 - Prometheus Books.
     
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  32.  59
    From a Metaphysical Point of View: Leibniz and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Lois Frankel - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):321-334.
    The relation between leibniz's logical and his metaphysical views is the subject of much modern scholarship. Some commentators have argued that his metaphysics is based on his logic; others have taken the opposite position. However, Both sides pose the question in terms of 'priority'. On the contrary, I argue that it is likely that leibniz means the psr to play "both" a logical and a metaphysical role. The ambiguity of leibniz's psr indicates that he equates the metaphysical notion of causation (...)
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  33. The Principle of Sufficient Reason.Gordon Belot - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (2):55-74.
    The paper is about the physical theories which result when one identifies points in phase space related by symmetries; with applications to problems concerning gauge freedom and the structure of spacetime in classical mechanics.
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    A Rationalist Manifesto: Spinoza and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Della Rocca Michael - 2003 - Philosophical Topics 31 (1):75-93.
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  35. Spinoza, the No Shared Attribute Thesis, and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Daniel Whiting - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (3):543 - 548.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 19, Issue 3, Page 543-548, May 2011.
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    Pluralism in Logic: The Square of Opposition, Leibniz'Principle of Sufficient Reason and Markov's Principle.Antonino Drago - 2012 - In J.-Y. Beziau & Dale Jacquette (eds.), Around and Beyond the Square of Opposition. Birkhäuser. pp. 175--189.
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  37.  72
    Kant's Deconstruction of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Béatrice Longuenesse - 2001 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 9 (1):67-87.
  38.  31
    For a History of Leibniz's Principle of Sufficient Reason. First Formulations and Their Historical Background.Francesco Piro - 2008 - In Marcelo Dascal (ed.), Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist? Springer. pp. 463--478.
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  39.  74
    Two Criticisms of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Lloyd P. Gerson - 1987 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 21 (3):129 - 142.
  40.  9
    Kant’s Deconstruction of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Béatrice Longuenesse - 2001 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 9 (1):67-87.
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    The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Some Scholastic Systems 1750-1900. [REVIEW]S. F. L. - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (3):530-530.
  42.  31
    On Schopenhauer's Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Christopher Adair-Toteff - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (4):848-849.
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    From a Metaphysical Point of View: Leibniz and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Lois Frankel - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):321-334.
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    On Schopenhauer's "Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason".Robert Wicks - 1994 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 32 (1):149-151.
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    II—The Principle of Sufficient Reason.Ismay Barwell & Kathleen Lennon - 1983 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 83 (1):19-34.
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    The Principle of Sufficient Reason.Ismay Barwell & Kathleen Lennon - 1982 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 83:19 - 33.
  47.  10
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Study of Heideggerian Self-Criticism.John D. Caputo - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (4):419-426.
  48.  3
    Locke's Conception of Property and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Andrzej Rapaczynski - 1981 - Journal of the History of Ideas 42 (2):305.
  49. The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Study of a Heideggerian Self-Criticism.John D. Caputo - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (4):419-426.
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  50. The Inaugural Address: Wittgenstein and the Four-Fold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.A. Phillips Griffiths - 1976 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 50:1-20.
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