Results for 'priority thesis'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  79
    Cartesian Skepticism and the Epistemic Priority Thesis.Brian Ribeiro - 2002 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 40 (4):573-586.
    In ' Unnatural Doubts' Michael Williams argues that Cartesian skepticism is not truly an "intuitive problem" (that is, one which we can state with little or no appeal to contentious theories) at all. According to Williams, the skeptic has rich theoretical commitments all his own, prominent among which is the epistemic priority thesis. I argue, however, that Williams's diagnostic critique of the epistemic priority thesis fails on his own conception of what is required for success. Furthermore, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  52
    The Syntactic Priority Thesis and Ontological Disputes.George Duke - 2012 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 42 (2):149-164.
    The syntactic priority thesis (henceforth SP) asserts that the truth of appropriate sentential contexts containing what are, by syntactic criteria, singular terms, is sufficient to justify the attribution of objectual reference to such terms (Wright, 1983, 24). One consequence that the neo-Fregean draws from SP is that it is through an analysis of the syntactic structure of true statements that 'ontological questions are to be understood and settled' (Wright, 1983, 25). Despite the significant literature on SP, little consideration (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  16
    Defeasibility, Trust, and the Priority Thesis.Mark Vorobej - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (4):755-761.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  4
    Defeasibility, Trust, and the Priority Thesis.Mark Vorobej - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (4):755-761.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Priority and Particle Physics: Ontic Structural Realism as a Fundamentality Thesis.Kerry McKenzie - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (2):353-380.
    In this article, I address concerns that the ontological priority claims definitive of ontic structural realism are as they stand unclear, and I do so by placing these claims on a more rigorous formal footing than they typically have been hitherto. I first of all argue that Kit Fine’s analysis of ontological dependence furnishes us with an ontological priority relation that is particularly apt for structuralism. With that in place, and with reference to two case studies prominent within (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  6.  57
    Moore's Paradox and the Priority of Belief Thesis.John N. Williams - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (3):1117-1138.
    Moore’s paradox is the fact that assertions or beliefs such asBangkok is the capital of Thailand but I do not believe that Bangkok is the capital of Thailand or Bangkok is the capital of Thailand but I believe that Bangkok is not the capital of Thailand are ‘absurd’ yet possibly true. The current orthodoxy is that an explanation of the absurdity should first start with belief, on the assumption that once the absurdity in belief has been explained then this will (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  7.  41
    On the Priority of Agent-Based Argumentative Norms.David Godden - 2016 - Topoi 35 (2):345-357.
    This paper argues against the priority of pure, virtue-based accounts of argumentative norms [VA]. Such accounts are agent-based and committed to the priority thesis: good arguments and arguing well are explained in terms of some prior notion of the virtuous arguer arguing virtuously. Two problems with the priority thesis are identified. First, the definitional problem: virtuous arguers arguing virtuously are neither sufficient nor necessary for good arguments. Second, the priority problem: the goodness of arguments (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  8.  86
    Compound Figures: Priority and Speech-Act Structure.Mihaela Popa-Wyatt - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (1):141-161.
    Compound figures are a rich, and under-explored area for tackling fundamental issues in philosophy of language. This paper explores new ideas about how to explain some features of such figures. We start with an observation from Stern that in ironic-metaphor, metaphor is logically prior to irony in the structure of what is communicated. Call this thesis Logical-MPT. We argue that a speech-act-based explanation of Logical-MPT is to be preferred to a content-based explanation. To create this explanation we draw on (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  80
    Davidson's Derangement: Of the Conceptual Priority of Language.Karen Green - 2001 - Dialectica 55 (3):239-258.
    Davidson has argued that the phenomenon of malapropism shows that languages thought of as social entities cannot be prior in the account of communication. This may be taken to imply that Dummett's belief, that language is prior in the account of thought, cannot be retained. This paper criticises the argument that takes Davidson from malapropism to the denial of the priority of language in the account of communication. It argues, against Davidson, that the distinction between word meaning and what (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  10. Aristotle on the Many Senses of Priority.John J. Cleary - 1988 - Southern Illinois University.
    Cleary discusses the origin, development, and use of the many senses of priority as a central thesis in Aristotle’s metaphysics. Cleary contends that one of the most revealing problems for the ambiguity of Aristotle’s relationship to Platonism is that of the ontological status of mathematical objects. In support of his claim, Cleary analyzes a curious passage from Aristotle’s _Topics, _where he appears to accept a schema of priorities that makes mathematical entities more substantial than sensible things. How does (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  11.  49
    Priority, Platonism, and the Metaontology of Abstraction.Michele Lubrano - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Turin
    In this dissertation I examine the NeoFregean metaontology of mathematics. I try to clarify the relationship between what is sometimes called Priority Thesis and Platonism about mathematical entities. I then present three coherent ways in which one might endorse both these stances, also answering some possible objections. Finally I try to show which of these three ways is the most promising.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  63
    The Priority Principle From Kant to Frege.Jeremy Heis - 2014 - Noûs 48 (2):268-297.
    In a famous passage (A68/B93), Kant writes that “the understanding can make no other use of […] concepts than that of judging by means of them.” Kant's thought is often called the thesis of the priority of judgments over concepts. We find a similar sounding priority thesis in Frege: “it is one of the most important differences between my mode of interpretation and the Boolean mode […] that I do not proceed from concepts, but from judgments.” (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  25
    The Primacy of Concepts and the Priority of Judgments in Frege's Logic.Marco Ruffino - 1998 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 56:73-90.
    The paper presents a historical account of the primacy of concepts in Frege's conception of logic. Moreover, it argues that Frege's priority-thesis (i.e., the assumption that judgeable contents are prior to concepts) does not imply that sentential logic is more basic than the logic of concepts in his thought.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  4
    The Primacy of Concepts and the Priority of Judgments in Frege's Logic.Marco Ruffino - 1998 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 56:73-90.
    The paper presents a historical account of the primacy of concepts in Frege's conception of logic. Moreover, it argues that Frege's priority-thesis does not imply that sentential logic is more basic than the logic of concepts in his thought.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Ontological Priority, Fundamentality and Monism.Matteo Morganti - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (3):271-288.
    In recent work, the interrelated questions of whether there is a fundamental level to reality, whether ontological dependence must have an ultimate ground, and whether the monist thesis should be endorsed that the whole universe is ontologically prior to its parts have been explored with renewed interest. Jonathan Schaffer has provided arguments in favour of 'priority monism' in a series of articles (2003, 2004, 2007a, 2007b, forthcoming). In this paper, these arguments are analysed, and it is claimed that (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  16. Priority Monism.Kelly Trogdon - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (11):1-10.
    According to priority monism there are many concrete entities and there is one, the cosmos, that is ontologically prior to all the others. I begin by clarifying this thesis as well as its main rival, priority atomism. I show how the disagreement between the priority monist and atomist ultimately turns on how the thesis of concrete foundationalism is implemented. While it’s standard to interpret priority monism as being metaphysically non-contingent, I show that there are (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  17.  55
    Longuenesse on Kant and the Priority of the Capacity to Judge.Sally Sedgwick - 2000 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 43 (1):81 – 90.
    In her book Kant and the Capacity to Judge, Be ´atrice Longuenesse makes two apparently incompatible claims about the status of the categories in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. On the one hand, the categories, in her words,?result from [the] activity of generating and combining concepts according to logical forms of judgment? and are thus?in no way prior to the act of judging?. On the other, they guide the unity which must be produced in the sensible manifold before any combination (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18.  44
    The Logical Priority of the Question: R. G. Collingwood, Philosophical Hermeneutics and Enquiry-Based Learning.David Aldridge - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (4):71-85.
    The thesis that all learning has the character of enquiry is advanced and its implications are explored. R. G. Collingwood's account of ‘the logical priority of the question’ is explained and Hans-Georg Gadamer's hermeneutical justification and development, particularly the rejection of the re-enactment thesis, is discussed. Educators are encouraged to consider the following implications of the character of the question implied in all learning: (i) that it is a question that is constituted in the event rather than (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  45
    Materialism E Priority of the Object on Adorno.Wolfgang Leo Maar - 2006 - Trans/Form/Ação 29 (2):133-154.
    The thesis of the priority of the object, essential to Adorno's non dogmatic materialism, is analyzed in its constitutive elements, as a criticism of idealism which is present mainly at the works Dialectic of enlightenment and Negative dialectic. As a criticism of idealism, particularly on the relationships between reason and experience as first developed from Kant to Hegel, the thesis is based on Lukács, Benjamin, and Horkheimer contributions and is embedded on the perspectives of Marx and Nietzsche. (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  40
    The Priority of the Via Negativa in Anselm’s Monologion.Timothy Hinton - 2008 - Philosophy and Theology 20 (1/2):3-27.
    In this paper, I intend to demonstrate that in the Monologion Saint Anselm affirms the priority of the via negativa over the via positiva.More precisely, I shall argue that in that text Anselm defends a distinctive thesis with three components. There is, to begin with,a semantic component, according to which, all of our words for God—including those purporting to tell us what God is—fall utterlyshort of their mark. A consequence of this is that none of our speech is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  45
    The Justificational Priority of Science Over the Philosophy of Science: Laudan's Science and Hypothesis.A. A. Derksen - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (2):259-264.
    In this note I test a specific thesis about the dependence of philosophy of science on science that Laudan presents in his Science and Hypothesis; namely, that the sciences were justificationally prior to the philosophy of science. I argue that Laudan's historical case studies show a justificational priority that goes the other way. I also argue that the justificational role that in Progress and Its Problems the history of science is alleged to play vis-à-vis competing conceptions of scientific (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  22
    Francisco Suárez on the Addition of the One to Being and the Priority of the One Over the Many.David Svoboda - 2007 - Studia Neoaristotelica 4 (2):158-172.
    Franciscus Suarez de additione Unitatis ad Ens et prioritate Unitatis respectu MultitudinisSolutio quaestionis de natura additionis conceptuali Unius ad Ens, quam Suarez proponit, traditionem Aristotelico-Averroisticam (per Aquinatum mediatam) primo sequitur. Secundum hanc traditionem, Unum non superaddit Enti nisi determinationem negativam. Suárez similiter negat Unum dicere perfectionem positivam ab Ente ut sic distinctam, sive ex natura rei, sive ratione tantum. Sententiam suam exponens, Suarez multas alias conceptiones critice pertractat, praecipue autem doctrinam auctorum quorundam (plerumque Franciscanorum) impugnat, qui docent Unum superaddere ad (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  2
    Francisco Suárez on the Addition of the One to Being and the Priority of the One Over the Many: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.David Svoboda - 2007 - Studia Neoaristotelica 4 (2):158-172.
    Suárez’s solution to the problem of the conceptual Addition of the One to being follows firstly the Aristotelian-Averroistic tradition mediated by Aquinas. According to this tradition, the One adds to being only a negative determination. Suárez claims that the One does not signify any positive perfection either really or conceptually distinct from being as such. Suárez’s own solution to the problem is presented in a critical discussion with many different conceptions, but Suárez pays most attention to the theory of certain, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  13
    Withholding and Withdrawing Treatment for Cost‐Effectiveness Reasons: Are They Ethically on Par?Lars Sandman & Jan Liliemark - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (2):278-286.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  33
    The Freedom of Christ and Explanatory Priority.Timothy Pawl - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (2):157-173.
    Call the claim, common to many in the Christian intellectual tradition, that Christ, in virtue of his created human intellect, had certain, infallible, exhaustive foreknowledge the Foreknowledge Thesis. Now consider what I will call the Conditional: if the Foreknowledge Thesis is true, then Christ's created human will was not free. In so far as many, perhaps all, of the people who affirm the Foreknowledge Thesis also wish to affirm the freedom of Christ's human will, the truth of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  22
    Role Modeling and Reasons.Robert Audi - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (6):646-668.
    _ Source: _Page Count 23 It is uncontroversial that virtues and reasons are connected. But moral theorists differ widely regarding just what the connections are, and so far there has not been a fully adequate response to the question whether, in some important way, the category of reasons is more basic than that of virtues. This paper pursues that question. It begins with developmental considerations concerning what constitutes role modeling of the kind that best contributes to virtue. In this context, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  8
    Role Modeling and Reasons.Robert Audi - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (6):646-668.
    _ Source: _Page Count 23 It is uncontroversial that virtues and reasons are connected. But moral theorists differ widely regarding just what the connections are, and so far there has not been a fully adequate response to the question whether, in some important way, the category of reasons is more basic than that of virtues. This paper pursues that question. It begins with developmental considerations concerning what constitutes role modeling of the kind that best contributes to virtue. In this context, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Ontological Priority.Michael M. Gorman - 1993 - Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo
    This dissertation is an investigation of ontological priority. The Introduction argues that although philosophers have often been concerned with the things that are ontologically prior, they have seldom addressed the question of what ontological priority is. ;Part One gives a detailed analysis of what ontological priority is. Chapter 1 notes that there are two competing theories available: according to the first, ontological priority is a dependence relation; according to the second, it is a degrees-of-being relation. Since (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  36
    Rethinking the Priority of Practical Reason in Kant.Sasha Mudd - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (1).
    Throughout the critical period Kant enigmatically insists that reason is a ‘unity’, thereby suggesting that both our theoretical and practical endeavors are grounded in one and the same rational capacity. How Kant's unity thesis ought to be interpreted and whether it can be substantiated remain sources of controversy in the literature. According to the strong reading of this claim, reason is a ‘unity’ because all our reasoning, including our theoretical reasoning, functions practically. Although several prominent commentators endorse this view, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  30.  18
    Rethinking the Priority of Practical Reason in Kant.Sasha Mudd - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):78-102.
    Throughout the critical period Kant enigmatically insists that reason is a ‘unity’, thereby suggesting that both our theoretical and practical endeavors are grounded in one and the same rational capacity. How Kant's unity thesis ought to be interpreted and whether it can be substantiated remain sources of controversy in the literature. According to the strong reading of this claim, reason is a ‘unity’ because all our reasoning, including our theoretical reasoning, functions practically. Although several prominent commentators endorse this view, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  31.  9
    Principles of Need and the Aggregation Thesis.Erik Gustavsson & Niklas Juth - forthcoming - Health Care Analysis:1-16.
    Principles of need are constantly referred to in health care priority setting. The common denominator for any principle of need is that it will ascribe some kind of special normative weight to people being worse off. However, this common ground does not answer the question how a plausible principle of need should relate to the aggregation of benefits across individuals. Principles of need are sometimes stated as being incompatible with aggregation and sometimes characterized as accepting aggregation in much the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  33
    Explanatory Priority and Independence: On an Argument Against Middle Knowledge.Eef Dekker - 1999 - Sophia 38 (2):1-14.
    A Molinist should not embrace the independence thesis. He also can defend the thesis that counterfactuals of freedom depend on a counterfactual act. Although such a move may seem illicit in the sense thatexplanandum andexplanans presuppose each other, I defend the view that counterfactuals of freedom are very deeply embedded in our metaphysics and we cannot therefore satisfactorily explain them with the help of other devices.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  65
    Matters of Priority.Campbell Brown - 2005 - Dissertation, Australian National University
  34. Against Minimalist Responses to Moral Debunking Arguments.Daniel Z. Korman & Dustin Locke - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Metaethics.
    Moral debunking arguments are meant to show that, by realist lights, moral beliefs are not explained by moral facts, which in turn is meant to show that they lack some significant counterfactual connection to the moral facts (e.g., safety, sensitivity, reliability). The dominant, “minimalist” response to the arguments—sometimes defended under the heading of “third-factors” or “pre-established harmonies”—involves affirming that moral beliefs enjoy the relevant counterfactual connection while granting that these beliefs are not explained by the moral facts. We show that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35. The Unity of the Proposition.Richard Gaskin - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Truth, falsity, and unity -- Sentences, lists, and collections -- Declarative and other kinds of sentence -- Declarative sentences and propositions -- Sentences, propositions, and truth-values -- Sentences, propositions, and unity -- Unity and complexity -- Reference and supposition -- Reference and signification -- Linguistic idealism and empirical realism -- Russell on truth, falsity, and unity : 1903 -- Russell on truth, falsity, and unity : 1910-13 -- Russell on truth, falsity, and unity : 1918 -- Sense, reference, and propositions (...)
  36.  40
    Moore’s Paradox in Speech: A Critical Survey.John N. Williams - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (1):10-23.
    It is raining but you don’t believe that it is raining. Imagine accepting this claim. Then you are committed to saying ‘It is raining but I don’t believe that it is raining’. This would be an ‘absurd’ thing to claim or assert, yet what you say might be true. It might be raining, while at the same time, you are completely ignorant of the state of the weather. But how can it be absurd of you to assert something about yourself (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  37. Do Patriotic Ties Limit Global Justice Duties?Richard J. Arneson - 2004 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):127-150.
    Some theorists who accept the existence of global justice duties to alleviate the condition of distant needy strangers hold that these duties are significantly constrained by special ties to fellow countrymen. The patriotic priority thesis holds that morality requires the members of each nation-state to give priority to helping needy fellow compatriots over more needy distant strangers. Three arguments for constraint and patriotic priority are examined in this essay: an argument from fair play, one from coercion, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38.  51
    A Commitment-Theoretic Account of Moore's Paradox.Jack Woods - forthcoming - In An Atlas of Meaning: Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface).
    Moore’s paradox, the infamous felt bizarreness of sincerely uttering something of the form “I believe grass is green, but it ain’t”—has attracted a lot of attention since its original discovery (Moore 1942). It is often taken to be a paradox of belief—in the sense that the locus of the inconsistency is the beliefs of someone who so sincerely utters. This claim has been labeled as the priority thesis: If you have an explanation of why a putative content could (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. On Doing Ontology Without Metaphysics.Achille C. Varzi - 2011 - Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):407-423.
    According to a certain familiar way of dividing up the business of philosophy, ontology is concerned with the question of what entities exist (a task that is often identified with that of drafting a “complete inventory” of the universe) whereas metaphysics seeks to explain, of those entities, what they are (i.e., to specify the “ultimate nature” of the items included in the inventory). This distinction carries with it a natural thought, namely, that ontology is in some way prior to metaphysics. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40.  13
    Law’s Normative Point.George Duke - 2019 - Law and Philosophy 38 (1):1-27.
    This paper defends the explanatory priority for the general descriptive theory of law of an investigation into law’s normative point over an investigation of law’s other central features. The paper begins by clarifying the normative priority thesis and implications of the assertion that law has a normative point. It then develops, in Section II, two arguments in favour of the priority thesis. Section III demonstrates the explanatory power of the law’s normative point priority (...) by reference to the related, but derivative, problem of the normativity of legal directives. (shrink)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  26
    Contextualism in Doubt.Mikael Janvid - 2006 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):197-217.
    This paper is a critical examination of epistemological contextualism as a response to the skeptical challenge with focus upon Michael Williams’ version. Unclarities in his response are initially pointed out and various unsatisfactory ways of elaborating upon them discussed. Next, it is argued that Williams’ candidate epistemological realism with the priority thesis at its core does not provide the key to how traditional epistemology becomes exposed to skepticism. The thesis that knowledge-claims necessarily are justified with recourse to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42. Religious Goodness and Political Rightness: Beyond the Liberal-Communitarian Debate.Yong Huang - 1998 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This thesis discusses the proper relationship between religion and politics, not as two kinds of institutions in a society but as two sets of beliefs within and among belief systems: people's religious ideas of the good human life and their political ideas of a right society, in a religiously plural context. ;It starts its discussion by critically examining two most important positions on this issue in contemporary public discourses: the liberal idea of priority of the right to the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43.  9
    Ethics and the Perfect Moral Law.Harry Bunting - 2000 - Tyndale Bulletin 51 (2).
    Summary This paper examines contemporary virtue ethics and the claim that Christian ethics is a virtue ethic. Three central theses are identified as being central to virtue ethics: a priority thesis, a perfectionist thesis and a communitarian thesis. It is argued that defences of the priority thesis—it best addresses the moral crisis in our society, it does justice to historical consciousness and it remedies the incompleteness in deontic ethics—are unconvincing. It is argued that virtue (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  13
    Democratic Liberty and Poverty Eradication.Daryl Glaser - 2016 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (1):15-26.
    This article engages with H. P. P. Lötter’s account of democracy, liberty, and poverty in this IJAP symposium devoted to his book, Poverty, Ethics, and Justice. For Lötter liberty and democracy are intrinsically part of what is meant by poverty eradication and necessary instrumentally to secure whatever else it means. Lötter insists that liberty rights and socio-economic rights are interdependent and that neither has moral priority. This account is pitched at a level of generality, and contains ambiguities, that evade (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  38
    Respect for Persons Permits Prioritizing Treatment for Hivaids.Thaddeus Metz - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):89-103.
    I defend a certain claim about rationing in the context of HIV/AIDS, namely, the 'priority thesis' that the state of a developing country with a high rate of HIV should provide highly active anti-retroviral treatment (HAART) to those who would die without it, even if doing so would require not treating most other life-threatening diseases. More specifically, I defend the priority thesis in a negative way, by refuting two influential and important arguments against it inspired by (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  13
    Realism and Paradox.Patricia A. Blanchette - 2000 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 41 (3):227-241.
    This essay addresses the question of the effect of Russell's paradox on Frege's distinctive brand of arithmetical realism. It is argued that the effect is not just to undermine Frege's specific account of numbers as extensions (courses of value) but more importantly to undermine his general means of explaining the object-directedness of arithmetical discourse. It is argued that contemporary neo-Fregean attempts to revive that explanation do not successfully avoid the central problem brought to light by the paradox. Along the way, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  3
    Herméneutique, Langage Et Vérité.Pascal Engel - 1998 - Studia Philosophica 57:118-131.
    Various hermeneutical theses in Gadamer and Davidson are compared. The differences between the two approaches are stressed. But both share a view, which I call the priority thesis, according to which language and meaning have in some way to be pre-understood. The view is wrong.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. The Ontology of Pure Dispositions.William A. Bauer - 2010 - Dissertation, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
    This dissertation defends and develops the thesis that some instances, or tokens, of dispositional properties are pure. A pure disposition has no causal basis in any further properties beyond the disposition. A causal basis typically consists of some set of properties underlying a disposition that enables the disposition to manifest when stimulated in the appropriate circumstances. For example, a vase is fragile because it is disposed to break when a hammer or other suitable object strikes it, where the causal (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Experience, Agency and the Self.Richard M. Gaskin - 1988 - Dissertation, University of Oxford (United Kingdom)
    Available from UMI in association with The British Library. Requires signed TDF. ;The manifest image is 'a sophistication and refinement of the image in terms of which man first came to be aware of himself as man-in-the-world' and in its methodology 'limits itself to what correlational techniques can tell us about perceptible and introspectible events'. The scientific image, on the other hand, 'postulates imperceptible objects and events for the purpose of explaining correlations among perceptibles'. This thesis is centred on (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. The Sacrifice of Justice.J. Scott Johnson - 1992 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    The rule of law is a necessary condition for any substantive theory of justice. If a theory sacrifices the rule of law, justice, too, is sacrificed. The connection between the necessary condition and justice is explored in the work of John Rawls, H. L. A. Hart, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Albert Camus and William Shakespeare. The conceptions of justice elaborated in each of these political thinker's works share very little more than the rule of law. Since the conceptions examined are (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000