Results for 'problem of evil'

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  1.  23
    The Problem of Evil in Mawl'n' and Theodicy of Contrasts.Fatma YÜCE - 2022 - Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi 26 (3):1003-1019.
    The problem of evil and theodicy is one of the most important subjects in the field of Philosophy of Religion. The problem of evil is basically understood as the problem of incompatibility of the existence of God with evil. While the problem of evil is used to justify atheistic claims, theodicy has been developed to strengthen theistic claims. Mawlânâ D̲j̲alāl al-Dīn Rūmī (1207-1273), who is the important sufi thinker of Turkish-Islamic culture, is (...)
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  2.  8
    The problem of evil in the ancient world: Homer to Dionysius the Areopagite.Mark Edwards - 2023 - Eugene, OR: Cascade Books.
    The aim of this book is to ascertain how ancient Greek and Latin authors, both pagan and Christian, formulated and answered what is now called the problem of evil. The survey ranges chronologically from the classical and Hellenistic eras, through the Roman era, to the end of the pagan world. Six of the twelve chapters are devoted to Christianity (including Manichaeism), as one thesis of the book is that the problem of evil takes an acute form (...)
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  3.  6
    The problem of evil and images of (in)humanity.Cathrine Bjørnholt Michaelsen & Claudia Welz - 2018 - Nordisk judaistik/Scandinavian Jewish Studies 29 (1):1-2.
    Editorial for issue 29 of Scandinavian Jewish Studies, 'The Problem of Evil and Images of Humanity'.
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  4.  12
    Problems of Evil and the Power of God.James A. Keller - 2007 - Routledge.
    Why do bad things happen, even to good people? If there is a God, why aren't God's existence and God's will for humans more apparent? And if God really does miracles for some people, why not for others? This book examines these three problems of evil - suffering, divine hiddenness, and unfairness if miracles happen as believers claim - to explore how different ideas of God's power relate to the problem of evil.
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  5.  39
    The Problem of Evil in Sports: Applications and Arguments.Gabriel Andrade - 2021 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 15 (3):400-416.
    The problem of evil is very old in philosophy (if God is omnipotent and benevolent, why does he allow evil in the world?), but it has not been sufficiently discussed in the context of sports. This article discusses how athletes and fans in sports relate to it. In sports, there are moral evils, such as cheating, trash talking and unjust retaliation. Theists have traditionally appealed to free will as a way to respond to the challenge of moral (...)
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  6.  88
    The problem of evil and the poverty of the free will theodicy.Brian Vroman - 2009 - Think 8 (22):65-73.
    The Problem of Evil, as it is typically called, is the strongest argument against the existence of a Deity who is at once all-powerful, all-knowing, kind and loving, and whose reach extends everywhere. Simply stated, the existence of such a being is incompatible with the existence of evil and suffering in the world. We know that evil and suffering exist; thus a Deity such as that described above cannot exist.
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  7.  41
    The problem of evil and critical realism.Dominic Effiong Abakedi, Emmanuel Kelechi Iwuagwu & Mary Julius Egbai - 2021 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (2):196-210.
    This paper applied the philosophical theory of critical realism to the problem of evil. Using the method of critical analysis of related literature, the paper discovered, among other things, that e...
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  8.  55
    Comparative Confirmation and the Problem of Evil.Richard Otte - 2012 - In Jake Chandler & Victoria S. Harrison (eds.), Probability in the Philosophy of Religion. Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press. pp. 127.
    In this chapter probability and confirmation theory are used to investigate the problem of evil, concentrating on whether a theist should consider our ignorance of a good reason for God to permit evil to support a non-religious alternative over a typical theist's beliefs. It is argued that according to Likelihoodism, our ignorance of a good reason does not favor a competing hypothesis over the religious view that there is an incomprehensible good reason for God to permit (...). Bayesian accounts of comparative confirmation, which are alternatives to Likelihoodism, have the same result. Furthermore, according to both Likelihoodism and Bayesian accounts of contrastive confirmation, our ignorance of a good reason for God to permit evil may actually support typical religious beliefs over the alternative hypotheses. (shrink)
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  9. The problem of evil.Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 35-7.
    This short chapter evaluates the logic of Epicurus' argument that considers the problem of evil (how could an all powerful, all knowing, and all good God permit the existence of evil?) It is part of larger set of evaluations of famous arguments presented in the history of philosophy.
     
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  10.  13
    The Problem of Evil.Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone - 2011-09-16 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 35–36.
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  11. The problem of evil and theodicy: A non-classical approach through the philosophy of the gospels.Raymond Lam - 2009 - Emergent Australasian Philosophers 2 (1):1-23.
    This paper contends that for Christian philosophy, the classical approaches to Problem of Evil, especially those that attempt to justify God‟s omnipotence, are not adequate answers to the pressing problems of suffering, and that the canonical Gospels offer more valid contentions for defending his benevolence in the face of gross evil. It is therefore attempting to contribute a voice to a long-running debate between classical theist approaches and postmodern arguments for God‟s validity in a world saturated with (...)
     
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  12.  17
    The Problem of Evil in Józef Tischner's Philosophy.Tadeusz Gadacz - 2007 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 12 (2):277-291.
    The problem of evil is a metaphysical problem bound up with the conditions of human existence. The radical evil of fascism and communism, according to Józef Tischner, opens up the possibility that we live in the time of a modern Manichaeism, understood as having two faces: nihilism and pessimism. The possibility of thinking of such a modem form of Manichaeism necessarily calls for a new inquiry into the question of evil. For Tischner, evil, like (...)
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  13.  33
    The problem of evil in the Neo-Confucian context: Wang Yangming’s view on evil.Xiaomei Yang - 2020 - Asian Philosophy 30 (4):351-366.
    Wang Yangming believes that human nature is entirely good. A question naturally arises: where is evil from? It has been argued that Wang’s idealism gives rise to the problem of evil. I first argue...
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  14.  67
    The Problem of Evil: A Solution From Science.Patricia A. Williams - 2001 - Zygon 36 (3):563-574.
    In this essay, I attempt to solve the problem of the existence of evil in a world created by an omniscient, omnibenevolent, omnipotent God. I conclude that evil exists because God wanted to create moral creatures. Because choice is necessary for morality, God created creatures with enormous capacities for choice—and therefore enormous capacities for evil. Material creatures are subject to pain and death because, for such creatures, moral choices are deeply serious. The laws that underlie the (...)
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  15. The Problem of Evil.Hugh Rice - 2000 - In God and Goodness. Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Discusses the problem of evil, and, in particular, the question whether the world could have been created by God, when he is conceived in the way I have proposed. I consider the way in which the existence of free will might make the existence of evil in a good world inevitable, and whether the existence of free will is essential to any solution. I also consider the problem posed by unintended evil and the existence of (...)
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  16.  7
    The problem of evil: selected readings.Michael L. Peterson (ed.) - 2016 - Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press.
    Of all the issues in the philosophy of religion, the problem of evil arguably commands more attention that any other. This text, which is broad in scope, is organized in a way that clearly exhibits the main structure of the overall problem as it has been treated in Western theistic traditions generally and the Christian tradition specifically.
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  17.  24
    The Problem of Evil.Marilyn McCord Adams - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (165):520-520.
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  18.  37
    The problem of evil and the procreation analogy.John McClellan - 2022 - Think 21 (60):109-121.
    A prominent Christian apologist suggests it is inconsistent for an atheist to have a favourable attitude towards procreating while maintaining that a loving God would not place vulnerable beings in such a harmful world. I put this analogy to the test with a series of thought experiments, revealing crucial disanalogies between God and procreators that absolve the atheist from the charge of inconsistency and draw the reader's attention to the central issues on the problem of evil as debated (...)
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  19.  4
    The Problem of Evil: Does Open Theism Have a Better Response?A. S. Antombikums - 2024 - Acta Theologica 44 (1):32-50.
    Open theism argues that traditional responses to the problem of evil fail to provide comfort amidst suffering because of their notion of metaphysical determinism and over-dependence on Greek philosophy. Open theists argue that the best solution to the problem of evil lies in our understanding of the nature of God’s power, which has been relinquished due to his love, the open nature of creation, and the creatures’ inherent powers. This study argues that the open-theistic notion of (...)
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  20.  87
    The Problem of Evil: New Philosophical Directions.Benjamin McCraw & Robert Arp (eds.) - 2015 - Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
    The Problem of Evil: New Philosophical Directions brings together a diversity of philosophical views, methods, and approaches to the much-discussed topic of evil and its bearing on religious belief. Through both general and specific examinations of the problem of evil, this book proposes new directions for philosophical thought.
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  21.  25
    The Problem of Evil as a Rhetorical Problem.George I. Mavrodes - 1968 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 1 (2):91 - 102.
    I argue that the problem of evil, As a problem with theological significance, Cannot be specified in terms simply of truth and logic. For a problem specified in this way can be seen to be either trivial or necessarily insoluble before any of the substantive issues are decided. I then argue that it should be construed as a special sort of rhetorical problem, One posed by beliefs about the compatibility of other beliefs. On the basis (...)
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  22.  83
    The Problem of Evil and Liberal Theologies.R. Patterson William - 2016 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 24 (2):187-205.
    The Problem of Evil, the idea that inexplicable human and non-human suffering is inconsistent with the existence of a benevolent, omniscient and omnipotent God, stands as one of the greatest challenges to classical theism. Many philosophers and theologians have offered theodicies, defense of God, in an attempt to blunt the force this problem. Others, however, believing that those theodicies have been effective have abandoned the classical definition of God and have embraced more liberal theologies, including deism, pantheism, (...)
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  23. The Problem of Evil in Early Modern Philosophy (review).Patricia Easton - 2003 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (4):559-560.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Philosophy 41.4 (2003) 559-560 [Access article in PDF] Elmar J. Kremer and Michael J. Latzer, editors. The Problem of Evil in Early Modern Philosophy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001. Pp. vi + 179. Cloth, $60.00. What can be added to classical defenses of the problem of evil? Did Voltairenotrelieve us from taking seriously the theodicies of early modern thinkers (...)
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  24. The Problem of Evil in Early Modern Philosophy.Elmar J. Kremer & Michael J. Latzer - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (3).
    Many distinct, controvertial issues are to be found within the labyrinthine\ntwists and turns of the problem of evil. For philosophers of the\nseventeenth and early eighteenth centures, evil presented a challenge\nto the consistency and rationality of the world-picture disclosed\nby the new way of ideas. In dealing with this challenge, however,\nphilosophers were also concerned with their positions in the theological\ndebates about original sin, free will, and justification that were\nthe legacy of the Protestant Reformation to European intellectual\nlife. Emerging from a (...)
     
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  25. The problems of evil and suffering [Book Review].Lincoln Rice - 2013 - The Australasian Catholic Record 90 (2):251.
    Rice, Lincoln Review of: The problems of evil and suffering, by John Cowburn , pp. 264.
     
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  26. The problem of evil and its solution.Ken Gemes - manuscript
    The problem of evil can be captured by the following four statements which taken together are inconsistent: 1) God made the world 2) God is a perfect being 3) A perfect being would not create a world containing evil 4) The world contains evil Traditional attempts to grapple with this problem typically center on rejecting (3). Thus Descartes, following Augustine, rejects (3), arguing that evil is the result of man’s exercise of his free will. (...)
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  27. The Problem of Evil and the Pauline Principle: Consent, Logical Constraints, and Free Will.Marilie Coetsee - 2023 - Religions 14 (1):1-15.
    James Sterba uses the Pauline Principle to argue that the occurrence of significant, horrendous evils is logically incompatible with the existence of a good God. The Pauline Principle states that (as a rule) one must never do evil so that good may come from it, and according to Sterba, this principle implies that God may not permit significant evils even if that permission would be necessary to secure other, greater goods. By contrast, I argue that the occurrence of significant (...)
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  28.  15
    The Problem of Evil.Stewart Goetz - 2017-12-05 - In C. S. Lewis. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley. pp. 180–198.
    The formulations of the argument for atheism from evil are quite formal in nature. One “solution” to the problem of evil would be to deny that evil exists. But Clive Staples Lewis, a philosopher, would have none of this. He believed that pain is intrinsically evil, and it is its evilness that ultimately gives rise to the problem of evil. Lewis' thoughts about pain and God's reason is the subject of this chapter. The (...)
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  29. The Problem of evil.Marilyn McCord Adams & Robert Merrihew Adams (eds.) - 1990 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The problem of evil is one of the most discussed topics in the philosophy of religion. For some time, however, there has been a need for a collection of readings that adequately represents recent and ongoing writing on the topic. This volume fills that need, offering the most up-to-date collection of recent scholarship on the problem of evil. The distinguished contributors include J.L. Mackie, Nelson Pike, Roderick M. Chisholm, Terence Penelhum, Alvin Plantinga, William L. Rowe, Stephen (...)
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  30.  20
    The Problem of Evil: An Intercultural Exploration.Sandra Ann Wawrytko (ed.) - 2000 - Brill | Rodopi.
    This book is an intercultural exploration of the full scope of evil. The problems of evil have beset humanity throughout the ages and continue to trouble us. The studies here examine evil in Asian thought, in Western theory, in the cosmic order, in human psychology, and in social practice. Insights are added to the philosophical discussions from religion, culture, history, law, technology, and literature.
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  31.  26
    The problem of evil: the Gifford lectures delivered in the University of St. Andrews in 2003.Peter van Inwagen - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The vast amount of suffering in the world is often held as a particularly powerful reason to deny that God exists. Now, one of the world's most distinguished philosophers of religion presents his own position on the problem of evil. Highly accessible and sensitively argued, Peter van Inwagen's book argues that such reasoning does not hold: his conclusion is not that God exists, but that suffering cannot be shown to prove that He does not.
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  32. Logical problem of evil.James R. Beebe - 2003 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The existence of evil and suffering in our world seems to pose a serious challenge to belief in the existence of a perfect God. If God were all-knowing, it seems that God would know about all of the horrible things that happen in our world. If God were all-powerful, God would be able to do something about all of the evil and suffering. Furthermore, if God were morally perfect, then surely God would want to do something about it. (...)
     
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  33.  59
    The Problem of Evil and the Subjectivity of Values Are Incompatible.Larry Hitterdale - 1978 - International Philosophical Quarterly 18 (4):467-469.
    It is inconsistent to believe both that values are subjective and that the problem of evil is a good argument against the existence of god. David hume, Bertrand russell, Antony flew, And many others fall into this inconsistency. It arises because the existence or non-Existence of God is an issue about objective fact, But reports or expressions of subjective human states cannot get a grip on objective reality. Since the problem of evil is the only substantial (...)
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  34. The Problem of Evil.Trent Dougherty & Scott Cleveland - 2014 - Oxford Bibliographies.
    This is a reference guide to contemporary work on the problem of evil with Oxford Bibliographies Online.
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  35.  36
    The Problem of Evil & Sceptical Theism.Justin McBrayer - 2017 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 81:45-54.
    The problem of evil is the problem of reconciling the existence of a perfect God with the existence of horrible things in the world. Many take this problem as a convincing reason to be an atheist. But others think that the problem can be solved. One prominent solution is called ‘sceptical theism’. A sceptical theist is someone who believes in God but thinks that the problem of evil is not a real problem (...)
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  36.  24
    Gianni Vattimo on the Problem of Evil.Matthew Edward Harris - 2022 - Heythrop Journal 63 (6):1089-1099.
    The problem of evil asks why an all-loving, all-powerful God would permit evil and suffering. Gianni Vattimo, a postmodern philosopher influenced by Nietzsche and Heidegger, returned to religion in the 1990s, but only addressed the concept of evil in a sustained fashion some twenty years later. Vattimo’s contribution to the problem of evil addresses the problem circuitously by analysing the concept of evil and by bringing in theological concept of grace, albeit rethinking (...)
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  37.  25
    Darkened Counsel: The Problem of Evil in Bergson’s Metaphysics of Integral Experience.Anthony Paul Smith - 2016 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 24 (2):131-153.
    Henri Bergson's work is often presented as an optimistic philosophy. This essay presents a counter-narrative to that reading by looking to the place of the problem of evil within his integral metaphysics. For, if Bergson’s philosophy is simply optimistic, or simply derives meaning from the wholeness of experience, then it risks a theodical structure which undercuts its ability to speak to contemporary social and political problems of suffering. A theodical structure is one that, at bottom, justifies the experience (...)
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  38.  13
    The problem of evil and sufferings.Jeremiah Zimmerman - 1927 - Boston, Mass.,: The Stratford Company.
    This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.
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  39. The Problem of Evil in Holocaust: Two Jewish Responses.Mark Maller - 2020 - Studies in Judaism, Humanities and the Social Sciences:143-153.
    The Holocaust is one of the most intractable and challenging tragedies of moral evil to understand, assuming the existence of an omnipotent, omniscient and all-loving God, and it has important implications for all theists. This paper critically examines the problem of evil in the philosophical theologies of two prominent Jewish philosophers: Emil Fackenheim and Richard Rubenstein. The article defends their view that the six million deaths are existentially meaningless because no justifiable reason exists why God permitted this. (...)
     
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  40.  15
    Gianni Vattimo on the Problem of Evil.Matthew Edward Harris - 2022 - Heythrop Journal 63 (6):1089-1099.
    The problem of evil asks why an all-loving, all-powerful God would permit evil and suffering. Gianni Vattimo, a postmodern philosopher influenced by Nietzsche and Heidegger, returned to religion in the 1990s, but only addressed the concept of evil in a sustained fashion some twenty years later. Vattimo’s contribution to the problem of evil addresses the problem circuitously by analysing the concept of evil and by bringing in theological concept of grace, albeit rethinking (...)
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  41.  33
    The Problem of Evil and the Paradox of Friendly Atheism.Shane Andre - 1985 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 17 (3):209 - 216.
  42. The Problem of Evil in Virtual Worlds.Brendan Shea - 2017 - In Mark Silcox (ed.), Experience Machines: The Philosophy of Virtual Worlds. London: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 137-155.
    In its original form, Nozick’s experience machine serves as a potent counterexample to a simplistic form of hedonism. The pleasurable life offered by the experience machine, its seems safe to say, lacks the requisite depth that many of us find necessary to lead a genuinely worthwhile life. Among other things, the experience machine offers no opportunities to establish meaningful relationships, or to engage in long-term artistic, intellectual, or political projects that survive one’s death. This intuitive objection finds some support in (...)
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  43.  58
    The problem of evil in Hinduism.Zoran Kinđić - 2010 - Filozofija I Društvo 21 (1):209-224.
    After having pointed to the different religious concepts of the origin of evil, the author focuses on the discussion of Hinduism as a typical paradigm of monism. Since the Indian deities are actually manifestations of the eternal arch principle, they contain within themselves the unity of opposites, i.e. they have both light and dark side. Evil which affects an individual is interpreted as sinning against the universal cosmic and moral order. The doctrine that man's destiny is determined by (...)
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  44. Egoism or the problem of evil: a dilemma for sceptical theism.Benjamin T. Rancourt - 2013 - Religious Studies 49:313-325.
    Sceptical theists undermine the argument from evil by claiming that our ability to distinguish between justified and unjustified evil is weak enough that we must take seriously the possibility that all evil is justified. However, I argue that this claim leads to a dilemma: either our judgements regarding unjustified evil are reliable enough that the problem of evil remains a problem, or our judgements regarding unjustified evil are so unreliable that it would (...)
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  45.  7
    The problem of evil.Derk Pereboom - 2004 - In William Mann (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Religion. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 148–170.
  46.  17
    The Problem of Evil in Classical Chinese Philosophy.Franklin Perkins - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 7:149-155.
    If the problem of evil is one of justifying how a perfect God could create evil, then there is no problem of evil in early Chinese thought, but my claim in this paper is that the problem of evil is one manifestation of a deeper problem, which is the conflict between the world and human values and desires. This deeper problem appears in early Chinese thought in ways analogous to the (...) of evil in theistic traditions. Daoists respond to this problem with a call to harmonize with heaven by overcoming conventional values and desires. Mencius, a Confucian, offers a more complex response, in which it is natural to cultivate virtue and certain desires even though nature itself is indifferent to them. My paper focuses on this Confucian response. (shrink)
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  47.  31
    Augustine, Ancestors and the Problem of Evil: African Religions, the Donatists, and the African Manichees.Wei Hua - 2022 - Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 11 (1):131-138.
    In this paper, I compare the philosophy of Augustine with the philosophy of relevant African traditions: Donatists, Manichees, and African traditional religions. I try to demonstrate that Augustine’s religious thought was partly influenced by local African religions or movements, but also differed from them substantially. I will carry out this comparative work looking at two important issues: the problem of evil and the existence of other supernatural entities, such as ancestors, and their relationship with humans. These comparisons lead (...)
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  48.  13
    The Problem of Evil.Keith E. Yandell - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (3):7-38.
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  49.  74
    Evil Intuitions? The Problem of Evil, Experimental Philosophy, and the need for Psychological Research.Ian M. Church, Rebecca Carlson & Justin Barrett - 2021 - Journal of Psychology and Theology 49 (2):126-141.
    The primary aim of this paper is to highlight, at least in short, how the resources of experimental philosophy could be fruitfully applied to the evidential problem of evil. To do this, we will consider two of the most influential and archetypal formulations of the problem: William L. Rowe’s article, “The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism” (1979). and Paul Draper’s article, “Pain and Pleasure: An Evidential Problem for Theists” (1989). We will (...)
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  50.  31
    Why the Problem of Evil Might not be a Problem after all in African Philosophy of Religion.Amara Esther Chimakonam - 2022 - Filosofia Theoretica 11 (1):27-39.
    For decades, the problem of evil has occupied a centre stage in the Western philosophical discourse of the existence of God. The problem centres on the unlikelihood to reconcile the existence of an absolute and morally perfect God with the evidence of evil in the universe. This is the evidential problem of evil that has been a source of dispute among theists, atheists, agnostics, and sceptics. There seems to be no end to this dispute, (...)
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