Results for 'proper function'

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  1. Proper Function and Recent Selection.Peter H. Schwartz - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):210-222.
    "Modern History" versions of the etiological theory claim that in order for a trait X to have the proper function F, individuals with X must have been recently favored by natural selection for doing F (Godfrey-Smith 1994; Griffiths 1992, 1993). For many traits with prototypical proper functions, however, such recent selection may not have occurred: traits may have been maintained due to lack of variation or due to selection for other effects. I examine this flaw in Modern (...)
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  2.  50
    ProperFunction Moral Realism.Jeffrey Wisdom - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):1660-1674.
    A common line of thought in contemporary metaethics is that certain facts about the evolutionary history of humans make moral realism implausible. Two of the most developed evolutionary cases against realism are found in the works of Richard Joyce and Sharon Street. In what follows, I argue that a form of moral realism that I call proper-function moral realism can meet Joyce and Street's challenges. I begin by sketching the basics of proper-function moral realism. I then (...)
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  3. Warrant and Proper Function.Alvin Plantinga - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    In this companion volume to Warrant: The Current Debate, Plantinga develops an original approach to the question of epistemic warrant; that is what turns true belief into knowledge. He argues that what is crucial to warrant is the proper functioning of one's cognitive faculties in the right kind of cognitive environment.
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  4. Proper Function and Defeating Experiences.Daniel M. Johnson - 2011 - Synthese 182 (3):433-447.
    Jonathan Kvanvig has argued that what he terms “doxastic” theories of epistemic justification fail to account for certain epistemic features having to do with evidence. I’m going to give an argument roughly along these lines, but I’m going to focus specifically on proper function theories of justification or warrant. In particular, I’ll focus on Michael Bergmann’s recent proper function account of justification, though the argument applies also to Alvin Plantinga’s proper function account of warrant. (...)
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  5.  12
    Affordance, Proper Function, and the Physical Basis of Perceived Heaviness.M. T. Turvey, Kevin Shockley & Claudia Carello - 1999 - Cognition 73 (2):B17-B26.
  6.  39
    Proper Function, Emotion, and Virtues of the Intellect.W. Jay Wood - 2004 - Faith and Philosophy 21 (1):3-24.
  7.  77
    Reliabilism, Proper Function, and Serendipitous Malfunction.Adrian Bardon - 2007 - Philosophical Investigations 30 (1):45–64.
    Alvin Plantinga's externalist analysis of epistemic warrant centres on the proper function of the relevant belief-forming mechanism, where proper function is fixed relative to the design plan of the organism in question. He has set this analysis against reliabilism, the other leading externalist contender for the analysis of warrant. Though Plantinga's discussion advances the field of epistemology in a number of important ways, his treatment of warrant is limited by his assumption of creationism in his understanding (...)
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  8.  36
    The Proper Function of Artifacts: Intentions, Conventions and Causal Inferences.Sergio E. Chaigneau & Guillermo Puebla - 2013 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (3):391-406.
    Designers’ intentions are important for determining an artifact’s proper function (i.e., its perceived real function). However, there are disagreements regarding why. In one view, people reason causally about artifacts’ functional outcomes, and designers’ intended functions become important to the extent that they allow inferring outcomes. In another view, people use knowledge of designers’ intentions to determine proper functions, but this is unrelated to causal reasoning, having perhaps to do with intentional or social forms of reasoning (e.g., (...)
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  9.  89
    Evolution, Communication and the Proper Function of Language.Gloria Origgi & Dan Sperber - 2000 - In Peter Carruthers & Andrew Chamberlain (eds.), Evolution and the Human Mind: Language, Modularity and Social Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 140--169.
    Language is both a biological and a cultural phenomenon. Our aim here is to discuss, in an evolutionary perspective, the articulation of these two aspects of language. For this, we draw on the general conceptual framework developed by Ruth Millikan (1984) while at the same time dissociating ourselves from her view of language.
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  10. Warrant: The Current Debate.Warrant and Proper Function.Alvin Plantinga - 1993 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Plantinga examines the nature of epistemic warrant; whatever it is that when added to true belief yields knowledge. This volume surveys current contributions to the debate and paves the way for his owm positive proposal in Warrant and Proper Function.
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  11.  80
    Proper Function Justification and Epistemic Rationality.Todd R. Long - 2010 - Southwest Philosophy Review 26 (1):189-195.
  12. Positive Epistemic Status and Proper Function.Alvin Plantinga - 1988 - Philosophical Perspectives 2:1-50.
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  13. ``Postscript to Proper Function and Virtue Epistemology".Ernest Sosa - 1996 - In Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.), Warrant in Contempoary Epistemology. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 271-280.
     
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  14.  11
    Does Proper Function Come in Degrees?John Matthewson - 2020 - Biology and Philosophy 35 (4):1-18.
    Natural selection comes in degrees. Some biological traits are subjected to stronger selective force than others, selection on particular traits waxes and wanes over time, and some groups can only undergo an attenuated kind of selective process. This has downstream consequences for any notions that are standardly treated as binary but depend on natural selection. For instance, the proper function of a biological structure can be defined as what caused that structure to be retained by natural selection in (...)
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  15.  45
    Phantasy and Wish: A Proper Function Account for Human a-Rational Primary Process Mediated Mentation.L. A. W. Brakel - 2002 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80 (1):1 – 16.
    (2002). Phantasy and Wish: A Proper Function Account for Human A-Rational Primary Process Mediated Mentation. Australasian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 80, No. 1, pp. 1-16.
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  16.  32
    Review: Why We Need Proper Function[REVIEW]Alvin Plantinga - 1993 - Noûs 27 (1):66 - 82.
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  17.  10
    Why We Need Proper Function[REVIEW]Alvin Plantinga - 1993 - Noûs 27 (1):66.
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  18. Proper Function and the Conditions for Warrant: What Plantinga’s Notion of Warrant Shows About Different Kinds of Knowledge.Mark J. Boone - 2012 - Philosophia Christi 14 (2):373-386.
    Alvin Plantinga’s Warrant and Proper Function gives two major definitions of warrant. One states that reliable cognitive faculties aimed at true belief and functioning properly in the right environment are necessary and sufficient for warrant; the other definition only states that they are necessary. The latter definition is the more important one. There are different kinds of knowledge, and justification is necessary for some beliefs to be warranted. Even a belief warranted by proper function can receive (...)
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  19.  35
    Is Proper Function Necessary for Epistemic Warrant?John C. Wingard Jr - 2000 - Southwest Philosophy Review 16 (2):133-141.
  20.  14
    Proper Functionalism and Virtue EpistemologyWarrant: The Current Debate.Warrant and Proper Function.Ernest Sosa & Alvin Plantinga - 1993 - Noûs 27 (1):51.
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  21.  58
    Social Prerequisites for the Proper Function of Individual Reason.Hilary Kornblith - 2005 - Episteme 1 (3):169-176.
    Human beings form beliefs by way of a variety of psychological processes. Some of these processes of belief acquisition are innate; others are acquired. A good deal of interesting work has been done in assessing the reliability of these processes. Any such assessment must examine not only features intrinsic to the psychological processes themselves, but also features of the environments in which those processes are exercised; a mechanism which is reliable in one sort of environment may be quite unreliable in (...)
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  22.  48
    Anti-Naturalism and Proper Function.Tyler Wunder - 2008 - Religious Studies 44 (2):209-224.
    The penultimate chapter of Alvin Plantinga's "Warrant and Proper Function" attacks metaphysical naturalism through an argument which concludes that only a supernaturalistic worldview can accommodate the indispensable concept of proper function. I make the case that this argument, which I dub 'the argument from proper function', suffers from two major flaws. First, it underestimates the naturalist's ability to ground natural proper function ascriptions in the concept of health. Second, it relies upon an (...)
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  23.  59
    Fregean Sense and the Proper Function of Assertion: Comments on Textor.Manuel García-Carpintero - 2000 - Theoria 15 (38):303-316.
    On behalf of Millian views on the meaning of proper names, Mark Textor offers in 'Knowledge Transmission and Linguistic Sense' a suggestive critical discussion of an argument for Fregean views due to Richard Heck (1995). IWhat exactly Heck's argument is, however, is not very clear, as witnessed by Byrne & Thau's (1996) efforts at reconstructing it and Heck's (1996) reply to which is not terribly illuminating. After presenting a form of a Fregean view and a Heckian argument for it, (...)
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  24. Delusion, Proper Function, and Justification.Parker Crutchfield - forthcoming - Neuroethics:1-12.
    Among psychiatric conditions, delusions have received significant attention in the philosophical literature. This is partly due to the fact that many delusions are bizarre, and their contents interesting in and of themselves. But the disproportionate attention is also due to the notion that by studying what happens when perception, cognition, and belief go wrong, we can better understand what happens when these go right. In this paper, I attend to delusions for the second reason—by evaluating the epistemology of delusions, we (...)
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  25.  92
    Mentalist Evidentialism Vindicated (and a Super-Blooper Epistemic Design Problem for Proper Function Justification).Todd R. Long - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (2):251-266.
    Michael Bergmann seeks to motivate his externalist, proper function theory of epistemic justification by providing three objections to the mentalism and mentalist evidentialism characteristic of nonexternalists such as Richard Feldman and Earl Conee. Bergmann argues that (i) mentalism is committed to the false thesis that justification depends on mental states; (ii) mentalism is committed to the false thesis that the epistemic fittingness of an epistemic input to a belief-forming process must be due to an essential feature of that (...)
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  26.  70
    Manipulating Emotion: The Best Evidence for Non-Cognitivism in the Light of Proper Function.Charles Starkey - 2007 - Analysis 67 (3):230–237.
  27.  63
    Epistemic Warrant as Proper Function[REVIEW]William Alston - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (2):397-402.
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  28.  19
    Warrant: The Current Debate.Warrant and Proper Function.John Koethe - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):136-139.
  29. Warrant, Proper Function, Reliabilism and Defeasibility.Peter D. Klein - 1996 - In Kvanvig Jonathan (ed.), Warrant and Contemporary Epistemology. Rowman & Littlefield.
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  30. ``Proper Function Versus Systematic Coherence&Quot.Keith Lehrer - 1996 - In Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.), Warrant in Contemporary Epistemology. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 27-47.
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  31. Can Religious Unbelief Be Proper Function Rational?Michael Czapkay Sudduth - 1999 - Faith and Philosophy 16 (3):297-314.
    This paper presents a critical analysis of Alvin Plantinga’s recent contention, developed in Warranted Christian Belief (forthcoming), that if theism is true, then it is unlikely that religious unbelief is the product of properly functioning, truth-aimed cognitive faculties. More specifically, Plantinga argues that, given his own model of properly basic theistic belief, religious unbelief would always depend on cognitive malfunction somewhere in a person’s noetic establishment. I argue that this claim is highly questionable and has adverse consequences for Plantinga’s epistemology (...)
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  32.  48
    Some Remarks on Bonjour on Warrant, Proper Function, and Defeasibility.Colin P. Ruloff - 2000 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 4 (2):215-228.
    A number of counterexamples have recently been leveled against Alvin Plantinga's Proper Functionalism, counterexamples aimed at showing that Plantinga's theory fads to provide sufficient conditions for warrant — that elusive epistemic property which together with true belief yields knowledge Among these counterexamples, Laurence Bonjour s is perhaps the most formidable and, if successful, shows that Proper Functionalism is simply too weak to serve as an acceptable theory of warrant In this paper, I argue that, contrary to initial appearances, (...)
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  33.  13
    Manipulating Emotion: The Best Evidence for Non-Cognitivism in the Light of Proper Function.Charles Starkey - 2007 - Analysis 67 (3):230-237.
  34. Warrant e Proper Function: alcune osservazioni sulla teoria di Plantinga.N. Vassallo - 1995 - Epistemologia 18 (2):341-352.
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  35.  22
    On the Proper Function of the Moral Philosopher: Kant and Rawls on Theory and Practice.Waddah N. Nasr - 1992 - Metaphilosophy 23 (1-2):172-179.
  36.  31
    From Design to Self-Organization, Or: A Proper Structure for a Proper Function[REVIEW]Inna Semetsky - 2005 - Axiomathes 15 (4):575-597.
    It is suggested that Charles Sanders Peirce's triadic semiotics provides a framework for a diagrammatic representation of a sign's proper structure. The action of signs is described at the logical and psychological levels. The role of (unconscious) abductive inference is analyzed, and a diagram of reasoning is offered. A series of interpretants transform brute facts into interpretable signs thereby providing human experience with value or meaning. The triadic structure helps in de-mystifying the relations between Penrose's three worlds when the (...)
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  37.  14
    Proper FunctionalismWarrant: The Current Debate.Warrant and Proper Function.Richard Feldman & Alvin Plantinga - 1993 - Noûs 27 (1):34.
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  38.  14
    Warrant: The Current Debate.Warrant and Proper Function.Christopher Hookway - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (178):122-125.
  39.  98
    Internal Perspectivalism: The Solution to Generality Problems About Proper Function and Natural Norms.Jason Winning - 2020 - Biology and Philosophy 35 (33):1-22.
    In this paper, I argue that what counts as the proper function of a trait is a matter of the de facto perspective that the biological system, itself, possesses on what counts as proper functioning for that trait. Unlike non-perspectival accounts, internal perspectivalism does not succumb to generality problems. But unlike external perspectivalism, internal perspectivalism can provide a fully naturalistic, mind-independent grounding of proper function and natural norms. The attribution of perspectives to biological systems is (...)
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  40.  29
    Prussian Reproduction, Proper Function and Infertile Marriages.David B. Hershenov - 2015 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 63 (3):129-141.
    Alex Pruss argues that romantic love is a basic form of human love that is properly fulfilled in sex oriented towards reproduction. As a result, homoerotic sexual activity cannot obtain the proper consummation and therefore involves misunderstanding the other person’s nature and the possibility of union with them. Although same-sex sexual activity may feel like a consummation of romantic love, it is wrong to generate such a false experience in oneself or another. Presented is an apparent dilemma for Pruss’s (...)
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  41. The Continuing Usefulness Account of Proper Function.Peter H. Schwartz - 2002 - In Andre Ariew, Robert Cummins & Mark Perlman (eds.), Functions: New Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology and Biology. Clarendon Press.
    'Modern History' views claim that in order for a trait X to have the proper function F, X must have been recently favored by natural selection for doing F (Griffiths 1992, 1993; Godfrey-Smith 1994). For many traits with prototypical proper functions, however, such recent selection may not have occurred, since traits may have been maintained owing to lack of variation or selection for other effects. I explore this flaw in Modern History accounts and offer an alternative etiological (...)
     
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  42. Pluralism and Proper Function.Kelly James Clark - 2007 - In Deane-Peter Baker (ed.), Alvin Plantinga. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  43. Alvin Plantinga, Warrant and Proper Function Reviewed By.Bruce Hunter - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (2):121-127.
     
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  44. Alvin Plantinga, Warrant and Proper Function[REVIEW]Bruce Hunter - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14:121-127.
     
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  45. Plantinga's Proper Function Account of Warrant.Jonathan Kvanvig - 1996 - In J. J. Kvanvig (ed.), Warrant and Contemporary Epistemology. Rowman and Littlefield, Savage, Maryland.
    Plantinga thus offers an approach that begins by assessing the faculties or abilities of a cognitive system or agent. Once such an assessment is complete, the epistemologist is in a position to infer the epistemic status of the doxastic products of those faculties or abilities.
     
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  46. ``Plantinga's Proper Function Theory of Warrant&Quot.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1996 - In Warrant and Contemporary Epistemology. Savage, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield. pp. 281-306.
     
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  47.  55
    Plantinga, Metaphysical Naturalism and Proper Function.Peter Markie - 1999 - Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (1):65-72.
  48.  45
    Precis of Warrant: The Current Debate and Warrant and Proper FunctionWarrant: The Current Debate.Warrant and Proper Function.Alvin Plantinga - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (2):393.
  49. Proper Environment and the SEP Account of Biological Function.Michael Bertrand - 2013 - Synthese 190 (9):1503-1517.
    The survival enhancing propensity (SEP) account has a crucial role to play in the analysis of proper function. However, a central feature of the account, its specification of the proper environment to which functions are relativized, is seriously underdeveloped. In this paper, I argue that existent accounts of proper environment fail because they either allow too many or too few characters to count as proper functions. While SEP accounts retain their promise, they are unworkable because (...)
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  50.  32
    The Elusive Role of Normal-Proper Function in Cognitive Science.Frances Egan - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Comments on Karen Neander's A Mark of the Mental.
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