Results for 'prosocial'

474 found
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  1.  16
    Prosocial Citizens Without a Moral Compass? Examining the Relationship Between Machiavellianism and Unethical Pro-Organizational Behavior.Christian Thoroughgood, John Buckner & Christopher Castille - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (4):919-930.
    Research in the organizational sciences has tended to portray prosocial behavior as an unqualified positive outcome that should be encouraged in organizations. However, only recently, have researchers begun to acknowledge prosocial behaviors that help maintain an organization’s positive image in ways that violate ethical norms. Recent scandals, including Volkswagen’s emissions scandal and Penn State’s child sex abuse scandal, point to the need for research on the individual factors and situational conditions that shape the emergence of these unethical pro-organizational (...)
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  2.  22
    Prosocial Citizens Without a Moral Compass? Examining the Relationship Between Machiavellianism and Unethical Pro-Organizational Behavior.Christopher M. Castille, John E. Buckner & Christian N. Thoroughgood - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (4):919-930.
    Research in the organizational sciences has tended to portray prosocial behavior as an unqualified positive outcome that should be encouraged in organizations. However, only recently, have researchers begun to acknowledge prosocial behaviors that help maintain an organization’s positive image in ways that violate ethical norms. Recent scandals, including Volkswagen’s emissions scandal and Penn State’s child sex abuse scandal, point to the need for research on the individual factors and situational conditions that shape the emergence of these unethical pro-organizational (...)
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  3.  23
    Prosocial Values and Group Assortation.Kennon M. Sheldon, Melanie Skaggs Sheldon & Richard Osbaldiston - 2000 - Human Nature 11 (4):387-404.
    Ninety-five freshmen each recruited three peers to play a "group bidding game," an N-person prisoner’s dilemma in which anyone could win movie tickets depending on their scores in the game. Prior to playing, all participants completed a measure of prosocial value orientation. Replicating and extending earlier findings (Sheldon and McGregor 2000), our results show that prosocial participants were at a disadvantage within groups. Despite this vulnerability, prosocial participants did no worse overall than asocial participants because a counteracting (...)
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  4.  11
    Prosociality in Business: A Human Empowerment Framework.Steven A. Brieger, Siri A. Terjesen, Diana M. Hechavarría & Christian Welzel - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (2):361-380.
    This study introduces a human empowerment framework to better understand why some businesses are more socially oriented than others in their policies and activities. Building on Welzel’s theory of emancipation, we argue that human empowerment—comprised of four components: action resources, emancipative values, social movement activity, and civic entitlements—enables, motivates, and entitles individuals to pursue social goals for their businesses. Using a sample of over 15,000 entrepreneurs from 43 countries, we report strong empirical evidence for two ecological effects of the framework (...)
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  5.  18
    Prosocial Compensation Following a Service Failure: Fulfilling an Organization’s Ethical and Philanthropic Responsibilities.Jean-Pierre Thomassen, Marijke C. Leliveld, Kees Ahaus & Steven Van de Walle - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (1):123-147.
    Prosocial compensation is a corporate social responsibility practice that involves donating money to a charitable cause on behalf of customers as a means to compensate them for their loss after a service failure. In order to determine the effectiveness of PC, we carried out three experiments while also comparing its effectiveness within private and public settings. Experiment 1 focused on the signaling effects of communicating the promise to offer PC to potential customers in the event of service failure. Results (...)
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  6.  21
    Prosocial Behavior Leads to Happiness in a Small-Scale Rural Society.Lara B. Aknin, Tanya Broesch, J. Kiley Hamlin & Julia W. Van de Vondervoort - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (4):788-795.
  7.  33
    The Cultural Evolution of Prosocial Religions.Ara Norenzayan, Azim F. Shariff, Will M. Gervais, Aiyana K. Willard, Rita A. McNamara, Edward Slingerland & Joseph Henrich - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-86.
    We develop a cultural evolutionary theory of the origins of prosocial religions and apply it to resolve two puzzles in human psychology and cultural history: the rise of large-scale cooperation among strangers and, simultaneously, the spread of prosocial religions in the last 10–12 millennia. We argue that these two developments were importantly linked and mutually energizing. We explain how a package of culturally evolved religious beliefs and practices characterized by increasingly potent, moralizing, supernatural agents, credible displays of faith, (...)
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  8.  15
    Infants’ Prosocial Behavior is Governed by Cost-Benefit Analyses.Jessica A. Sommerville, Elizabeth A. Enright, Rachel O. Horton, Kelsey Lucca, Miranda J. Sitch & Susanne Kirchner-Adelhart - 2018 - Cognition 177:12-20.
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  9.  21
    The Prosocial Personality and its Facets: Genetic and Environmental Architecture of Mother-Reported Behavior of 7-Year-Old Twins.Ariel Knafo-Noam, Florina Uzefovsky, Salomon Israel, Maayan Davidov & Caroyln Zahn-Waxler - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  10.  17
    Parochial Prosocial Religions: Historical and Contemporary Evidence for a Cultural Evolutionary Process.Ara Norenzayan, Azim F. Shariff, Will M. Gervais, Aiyana K. Willard, Rita A. McNamara, Edward Slingerland & Joseph Henrich - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  11.  7
    Prosocial Consequences of Third-Party Anger.Janne van Doorn, Marcel Zeelenberg, Seger M. Breugelmans, Sebastian Berger & Tyler G. Okimoto - 2018 - Theory and Decision 84 (4):585-599.
    Anger has traditionally been associated with aggression and antagonistic behavior. A series of studies revealed that experiences of third-party anger can also lead to prosocial behavior. More specifically, three studies, hypothetical scenarios as well as a behavioral study, revealed that third-party anger can promote compensation of the victim. The results also showed a preference for such prosocial behaviors over antagonistic behaviors. We conclude that behaviors stemming from anger, whether antagonistic or prosocial, are reactions to inequity, albeit determined (...)
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  12.  11
    Prosocial Emotion, Adolescence, and Warfare.Bilinda Straight, Belinda L. Needham, Georgiana Onicescu, Puntipa Wanitjirattikal, Todd Barkman, Cecilia Root, Jen Farman, Amy Naugle, Claudia Lalancette, Charles Olungah & Stephen Lekalgitele - 2019 - Human Nature 30 (2):192-216.
    Examining the costs and motivations of warfare is key to conundrums concerning the relevance of this troubling phenomenon to the evolution of social attachment and cooperation, particularly during adolescence and young adulthood—the developmental time period during which many participants are first recruited for warfare. The study focuses on Samburu, a pastoralist society of approximately 200,000 people occupying northern Kenya’s semi-arid and arid lands, asking what role the emotionally sensitized, peer-driven adolescent life stage may have played in the cultural and genetic (...)
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  13.  19
    Person–Organization Fit on Prosocial Identity: Implications on Employee Outcomes.Jongseok Cha, Young Kyun Chang & Tae-Yeol Kim - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 123 (1):1-13.
    This study examined the relationship between person–organization (PO) fit on prosocial identity (prosocial PO fit) and various employee outcomes. The results of polynomial regression analysis based on a sample of 589 hospital employees, which included medical doctors, nurses, and staff, indicate joint effects of personal and organizational prosocial identity on the development of a sense of organizational identification and on the engagement in prosocial behaviors toward colleagues, organizations, and patients. Specifically, prosocial PO fit had a (...)
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  14.  33
    Measuring Prosocial Tendencies in Germany: Sources of Validity and Reliablity of the Revised Prosocial Tendency Measure.Rodrigues Johannes, Ulrich Natalie, Mussel Patrick, Carlo Gustavo & Hewig Johannes - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  15.  13
    The Development of Prosocial Emotions.Amrisha Vaish & Robert Hepach - 2019 - Emotion Review 12 (4):259-273.
    Humans rely heavily on their prosocial relationships. We propose that the experience and display of prosocial emotions evolved to regulate such relationships through inhibiting individual selfishness in service of others. Two emotions in particular serve to meet two central requirements for upholding prosociality: gratitude motivates maintenance of ongoing prosocial interactions, and guilt motivates repair of ruptured prosocial interactions. We further propose, and review developmental evidence, that nascent forms of these two emotions serve their respective functions from (...)
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  16.  7
    Dynamics of Lending-Based Prosocial Crowdfunding: Using a Social Responsibility Lens.John P. Berns, Maria Figueroa-Armijos, Serge P. Da Motta Veiga & Timothy C. Dunne - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (1):169-185.
    Crowdfunding platforms have revolutionized entrepreneurial finance, with 200 billion dollars expected to be dispersed annually to entrepreneurs and small business owners by 2020. Despite the importance of this growing phenomenon, our knowledge of the dynamics of successful lending-based prosocial crowdfunding and its implications for the business ethics literature remain limited. We use a social responsibility lens to examine whether crowdfunders on a lending-based prosocial platform lend their money based on altruistic or strategic motives. Our results indicate that the (...)
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  17.  5
    Dynamics of Lending-Based Prosocial Crowdfunding: Using a Social Responsibility Lens.John P. Berns, Maria Figueroa-Armijos, Serge P. Da Motta Veiga & Timothy C. Dunne - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (1):169-185.
    Crowdfunding platforms have revolutionized entrepreneurial finance, with 200 billion dollars expected to be dispersed annually to entrepreneurs and small business owners by 2020. Despite the importance of this growing phenomenon, our knowledge of the dynamics of successful lending-based prosocial crowdfunding and its implications for the business ethics literature remain limited. We use a social responsibility lens to examine whether crowdfunders on a lending-based prosocial platform lend their money based on altruistic or strategic motives. Our results indicate that the (...)
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  18.  9
    Prosocial Growth During College: Results of a National Study.Jay W. Brandenberger & Nicholas A. Bowman - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (3):328-345.
    Ethical growth and prosocial development are increasingly salient learning outcomes in higher education. Previous research has shown that the traditional college years facilitate moral development, especially with respect to moral reasoning. This research examined the impact of college experiences on students’ sense of active responsibility for others—prosocial orientation—via a longitudinal, multi-institutional design through the Spirituality and Higher Education project at University of California, Los Angeles. Data from over 14,000 undergraduates show that key college experiences predict growth on (...) outcomes. Especially salient predictors include active forms of learning, engagement with diversity and other means by which students encounter multiple perspectives. Implications for higher education are discussed. (shrink)
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  19.  22
    Anger and Prosocial Behavior.Janne van Doorn, Marcel Zeelenberg & Seger M. Breugelmans - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (3):261-268.
    Anger is often primarily portrayed as a negative emotion that motivates antagonistic, aggressive, punitive, or hostile behavior. We propose that this portrayal is too one-sided. A review of the literature on behavioral consequences of anger reveals evidence for the positive and even prosocial behavioral consequences of this emotion. We outline a more inclusive view of anger and its role in upholding cooperative and moral behavior, and suggest a possible role of equity concerns. We also suggest new predictions and lines (...)
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  20.  9
    Self-Interested Framed and Prosocially Framed Messaging Can Equally Promote COVID-19 Prevention Intention: A Replication and Extension of Jordan Et Al.'s Study (2020) in the Japanese Context. [REVIEW]Takeru Miyajima & Fumio Murakami - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    How can we effectively promote the public’s prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 infection? Jordan et al. found with United States samples that emphasizing either self-interest or collective-interest of prevention behaviors could promote the public’s prevention intention. Moreover, prosocially framed messaging was more effective in motivating prevention intention than self-interested messaging. A dual consideration of both cultural psychology and the literature on personalized matching suggests the findings of Jordan et al. are counterintuitive, because persuasion is most effective when the frame of (...)
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  21.  60
    An Evolutionary Paradox for Prosocial Behavior.Patrick Forber & Rory Smead - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy 111 (3):151-166.
    We investigate how changes to the payoffs of cooperative behavior affect the evolutionary dynamics. Paradoxically, the larger the benefits of cooperation, the less likely it is to evolve. This holds true even in cases where cooperation is strictly dominant. Increasing the benefits from prosocial behavior has two effects: first, in some circumstances it promotes the evolution of spite; and second, it can decrease the strength of selection leading to nearly neutral evolution of strategies. In light of these results we (...)
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  22.  43
    Positive Empathy and Prosocial Behavior: A Neglected Link.Nils-Torge Telle & Hans-Rüdiger Pfister - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (2):154-163.
    Empathy facilitates everyday social interactions and has often been linked in the literature to prosocial behavior. Robust evidence has been found for a positive relationship between experiencing empathy and behaving prosocially. However, empathy, and the empathy–prosocial behavior relationship in particular, has been studied mostly in combination with negative emotions. Less research has been conducted on empathy for positive emotions, and the link between positive empathy and displayed prosocial behavior has not been intensively investigated so far. The purpose (...)
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  23.  14
    The Evolution of Prosocial and Antisocial Competitive Behavior and the Emergence of Prosocial and Antisocial Leadership Styles.Paul Gilbert & Jaskaran Basran - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  24.  12
    Oxytocin Drives Prosocial Biases in Favor of Attractive People.René Hurlemann, Dirk Scheele, Wolfgang Maier & Johannes Schultz - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    Current perspectives on attractiveness-related prosocial biases emphasize the contribution of evolutionarily shaped mating drives. Here, we extend these concepts by highlighting the pivotal role of the hypothalamic peptide oxytocin in augmenting the salience and rewarding value of social stimuli, including the partner's face, thereby fostering social bonding in general and the stability of monogamous pair bonds and offspring care in particular.
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  25.  15
    Dynamics of Lending-Based Prosocial Crowdfunding: Using a Social Responsibility Lens.John P. Berns, Maria Figueroa-Armijos, Serge P. da Motta Veiga & Timothy C. Dunne - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (1):169-185.
    Crowdfunding platforms have revolutionized entrepreneurial finance, with 200 billion dollars expected to be dispersed annually to entrepreneurs and small business owners by 2020. Despite the importance of this growing phenomenon, our knowledge of the dynamics of successful lending-based prosocial crowdfunding and its implications for the business ethics literature remain limited. We use a social responsibility lens to examine whether crowdfunders on a lending-based prosocial platform lend their money based on altruistic or strategic motives. Our results indicate that the (...)
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  26. The Evolution of Religion: How Cognitive By-Products, Adaptive Learning Heuristics, Ritual Displays, and Group Competition Generate Deep Commitments to Prosocial Religions.Scott Atran & Joseph Henrich - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (1):18-30.
    Understanding religion requires explaining why supernatural beliefs, devotions, and rituals are both universal and variable across cultures, and why religion is so often associated with both large-scale cooperation and enduring group conflict. Emerging lines of research suggest that these oppositions result from the convergence of three processes. First, the interaction of certain reliably developing cognitive processes, such as our ability to infer the presence of intentional agents, favors—as an evolutionary by-product—the spread of certain kinds of counterintuitive concepts. Second, participation in (...)
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  27. The Social Motivation Hypothesis for Prosocial Behavior.M. Nagatsu, M. Salmela & Marion Godman - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (5):563-587.
    Existing economic models of prosociality have been rather silent in terms of proximate psychological mechanisms. We nevertheless identify the psychologically most informed accounts and offer a critical discussion of their hypotheses for the proximate psychological explanations. Based on convergent evidence from several fields of research, we argue that there nevertheless is a more plausible alternative proximate account available: the social motivation hypothesis. The hypothesis represents a more basic explanation of the appeal of prosocial behavior, which is in terms of (...)
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  28.  23
    Comic-Book Superheroes and Prosocial Agency: A Large-Scale Quantitative Analysis of the Effects of Cognitive Factors on Popular Representations.James Carney & Pádraig Mac Carron - 2017 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 17 (3-4):306-330.
    We argue that the counterfactual representations of popular culture, like their religious cognates, are shaped by cognitive constraints that become visible when considered in aggregate. In particular, we argue that comic-book literature embodies core intuitions about sociality and its maintenance that are activated by the cognitive problem of living in large groups. This leads to four predictions: comic-book enforcers should be punitively prosocial, be quasi-omniscient, exhibit kin-signalling proxies and be minimally counterintuitive. We gauge these predictions against a large sample (...)
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  29.  19
    Between Profit-Seeking and Prosociality: Corporate Social Responsibility as Derridean Supplement.Cameron Sabadoz - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (1):77-91.
    This article revolves around the debate surrounding the lack of a coherent definition for corporate social responsibility (CSR). I make use of Jacques Derrida’s theorizing on contested meaning to argue that CSR’s ambiguity is actually necessary in light of its functional role as a “supplement” to corporate profit-seeking. As a discourse that refuses to conclusively resolve the tension between profit-seeking and prosociality, CSR expresses an important critical perspective which demands that firms act responsibly, while retaining the overall corporate frame of (...)
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  30.  3
    Empathic Emotion Regulation in Prosocial Behaviour and Altruism.Kristin M. Brethel-Haurwitz, Maria Stoianova & Abigail A. Marsh - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (8):1532-1548.
    Emotions evoked in response to others’ distress are important for motivating concerned prosocial responses. But how emotion regulation shapes prosocial responding is not yet well understood. We tes...
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  31.  29
    Religiosity and Prosocial Behaviours in Adolescence: The Mediating Role of Prosocial Values.Sam A. Hardy & Gustavo Carlo - 2005 - Journal of Moral Education 34 (2):231-249.
    This study examined the hypothesis that religiosity would be differentially related to six types of adolescent prosocial behaviour, and that these relations would be mediated by the prosocial value of kindness. Self?report data were collected from 142 high school students (63 per cent female; 91 per cent White; M age?=?16.8, S?=?.80). Religiosity was a significant positive predictor of kindness, as well as compliant, anonymous and altruistic prosocial behaviour, but not public, dire and emotional prosocial behaviour. Associations (...)
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  32.  39
    The Emergence of Human Prosociality: Aligning with Others Through Feelings, Concerns, and Norms.Keith Jensen, Amrisha Vaish & Marco F. H. Schmidt - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  33.  82
    Prosocial Aspects of Afterlife Beliefs: Maybe Another by-Product.Pascal Boyer - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):466-466.
    Bering argues that belief in posthumous intentional agency may confer added fitness via the inhibition of opportunistic behavior. This is true only if these agents are interested parties in our moral choices, a feature which does not result from Bering's imaginative constraint hypothesis and extends to supernatural agents other than dead people's souls. A by-product model might handle this better.
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  34.  11
    Explaining Financial and Prosocial Biases in Favor of Attractive People: Interdisciplinary Perspectives From Economics, Social Psychology, and Evolutionary Psychology.Dario Maestripieri, Andrea Henry & Nora Nickels - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  35.  17
    Moral Imagination: Facilitating Prosocial Decision-Making Through Scene Imagery and Theory of Mind.Brendan Gaesser, Kerri Keeler & Liane Young - 2018 - Cognition 171:180-193.
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  36.  8
    Values and Prosocial Behaviour in the Global Context: Why Values Predict Public Support for Foreign Development Assistance to Developing Countries.A. Burcu Bayram - 2016 - Journal of Human Values 22 (2):93-106.
    Do basic human values facilitate prosocial behaviour on a global scale? This study, for the first time, analyzes the effect of values on prosocial behaviour in the context of public support for foreign development assistance. Support for foreign development assistance is a prosocial act intended to benefit the less fortunate in developing nations. Despite a plethora of evidence showing the effect of personal values on prosocial behaviour, the literature has neglected the value origins of support for (...)
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  37.  16
    Parenting Styles, Prosocial, and Aggressive Behavior: The Role of Emotions in Offender and Non-Offender Adolescents.Anna Llorca, María Cristina Richaud & Elisabeth Malonda - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  38.  29
    A Construct Divided: Prosocial Behavior as Helping, Sharing, and Comforting Subtypes.Kristen A. Dunfield - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  39.  21
    Mindfulness Increases Prosocial Responses Toward Ostracized Strangers Through Empathic Concern.Daniel R. Berry, Athena H. Cairo, Robert J. Goodman, Jordan T. Quaglia, Jeffrey D. Green & Kirk Warren Brown - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (1):93-112.
  40.  22
    Brief Report Gratitude and Prosocial Behaviour: An Experimental Test of Gratitude.Jo-Ann Tsang - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (1):138-148.
  41.  23
    Promoting Ethical and Prosocial Behavior: The Combined Effect of Ethical Leadership and Coworker Ethicality.Damian F. O’Keefe, Deanna Messervey & Erinn C. Squires - 2018 - Ethics and Behavior 28 (3):235-260.
    Ethical leadership encompasses the personal conduct of the leader and the leader’s expectations that followers behave ethically. Building on social learning and social exchange theory, we propose that ethical leadership interacts with coworker ethicality to predict personnel’s ethical intentions and organizational citizenship behavior. Using data collected from a large organizational sample, we use moderated regression analysis to test the main and interactive effects of ethical leadership and coworker ethicality on ethical intentions and OCB as it relates to conscientiousness, civic virtue, (...)
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  42.  13
    How Can Prosocial Behavior Be Motivated? The Different Roles of Moral Judgment, Moral Elevation, and Moral Identity Among the Young Chinese.Wan Ding, Yanhong Shao, Binghai Sun, Ruibo Xie, Weijian Li & Xiaozhen Wang - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  43.  3
    The Development of Prosocial Attention Across Two Cultures.Robert Hepach & Esther Herrmann - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  44.  36
    Happy-People-Pills and Prosocial Behaviour.Mark Walker - 2007 - Philosophica 79 (1):93-11.
    There is evidence from the empirical sciences that >happiness= B understood in the social scientists= sense of >positive affect=B leads to prosocial behaviour: the happiest amongst us are more likely to help others. There is also scientific evidence of a genetic component to positive affect: genetic differences can account for some of the observed variances in positive affect. Let us think of >happy-people-pills= as pharmacological agents, modeled on those with a genetic predisposition for high levels of positive affect, which (...)
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  45.  16
    Why Awe Promotes Prosocial Behaviors? The Mediating Effects of Future Time Perspective and Self-Transcendence Meaning of Life.Jing-Jing Li, Kai Dou, Yu-Jie Wang & Yan-Gang Nie - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  46.  16
    Determinants of Prosocial Behavior in Included Versus Excluded Contexts.Esther Cuadrado, Carmen Tabernero & Wolfgang Steinel - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  47.  53
    Self-Transcendent Emotions and Their Social Functions: Compassion, Gratitude, and Awe Bind Us to Others Through Prosociality.Jennifer E. Stellar, Amie M. Gordon, Paul K. Piff, Daniel Cordaro, Craig L. Anderson, Yang Bai, Laura A. Maruskin & Dacher Keltner - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (3):200-207.
    In this article we review the emerging literature on the self-transcendent emotions. We discuss how the self-transcendent emotions differ from other positive emotions and outline the defining features of this category. We then provide an analysis of three specific self-transcendent emotions—compassion, gratitude, and awe—detailing what has been learned about their expressive behavior, physiology, and likely evolutionary origins. We propose that these emotions emerged to help humans solve unique problems related to caretaking, cooperation, and group coordination in social interactions. In our (...)
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  48.  6
    Shyness Weakens the Agreeableness-Prosociality Association Via Social Self-Efficacy: A Moderated-Mediation Study of Chinese Undergraduates.Peng Sun, Zhen Liu, Qingke Guo & Junyi Fan - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  49.  31
    Children's Sensitivity to Ulterior Motives When Evaluating Prosocial Behavior.Gail Heyman, David Barner, Jennifer Heumann & Lauren Schenck - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (4):683-700.
    Reasoning about ulterior motives was investigated among children ages 6–10 years (total N = 119). In each of two studies, participants were told about children who offered gifts to peers who needed help. Each giver chose to present a gift in either a public setting, which is consistent with having an ulterior motive to enhance one's reputation, or in a private setting, which is not consistent with having an ulterior motive. In each study, the 6- to 7-year olds showed no (...)
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  50.  17
    Commentary: A Construct Divided: Prosocial Behavior as Helping, Sharing, and Comforting Subtypes.Bahar Tunçgenç - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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