Results for 'public procurement'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  33
    The Transformation of Transparency – On the Act on Public Procurement and the Right to Appeal in the Context of the War on Corruption.Thomas Taro Lennerfors - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 73 (4):381-390.
    This article discusses the alleged anti-corruption effects of procurement reforms by presenting the European Act on Public Procurement and the increasing number of appeals filed by suppliers due to perceived misevaluations of tenders and perceived impairments of transparency. The delays and costs that arise from this right to appeal are studied in the Swedish context with the aim of contributing to the debate on corruption in two ways. First, instead of using the modern definition of corruption, the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  2.  33
    Prevention of Corruption in Public Procurement: Importance of General Legal Principles.Anatoly Krivinsh & Andrejs Vilks - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (1):235-247.
    The article “Prevention of corruption in public procurement: importance of general legal principles” examines the importance of general legal principles in the sphere of public purchases. The purpose of the work is to analyse the information on possible methods of prevention of and fight against corruption. The main result of the work is the conclusion that strict adherence to the general legal principles is one of the corruption-reducing factors. While combating corruption in the field of public (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  5
    Public Procurement Announcements in Spain: Regulations, Data Analysis, and Award Price Estimator Using Machine Learning.Manuel J. García Rodríguez, Vicente Rodríguez Montequín, Francisco Ortega Fernández & Joaquín M. Villanueva Balsera - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-20.
    The largest project managers and adjudicators of a country, both by number of projects and by cost, are public procurement agencies. Therefore, knowing and characterising public procurement announcements is fundamental for managing public resources well. This article presents the case of public procurement in Spain, analysing a dataset from 2012 to 2018: 58,337 tenders with a cost of 31,426 million euros. Many studies of public procurement have been conducted globally or theoretically, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  19
    Moral Schemas and Corruption in Ugandan Public Procurement.Joseph Mpeera Ntayi, Pascal Ngoboka & Cornelia Sabiiti Kakooza - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (3):417-436.
    This study investigates the relationship between moral schemas and corruption in public procurement. It adopts a moral schema framework to examine procurement-induced corruption from Uganda. Experiences, attitudes, and values of respondents are used to construct future behavior of public procurement staff. The schema framework was built around the premise that procurement-related corruption is a function of the social framework and human nature paradox, constructing logical justification for the acts of corruption. The study uses data (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  6
    The Single European Market and Public Procurement.Julia A. Sohrab - 1990 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 10 (4):522-538.
  6.  26
    Public Versus Private Sector Procurement Ethics and Strategy: What Each Sector Can Learn From the Other. [REVIEW]Timothy G. Hawkins, Michael J. Gravier & Edward H. Powley - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (4):567-586.
    The government purchasing market constitutes the largest business sector in the world. While marketers would benefit from a deep understanding of both sectors, how the two sectors differ in terms of ethics and strategy largely remains unknown. The purpose of this research, therefore, is to explore differences between the for-profit and not-for-profit sectors on two critical aspects of business-to-business procurement: ethics and strategy. Using survey data from a sample of 328 procurement professionals in the for-profit and not-for-profit sectors, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7.  64
    Death and Organ Procurement: Public Beliefs and Attitudes.Laura A. Siminoff, Christopher Burant & Stuart J. Youngner - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):217-234.
    : Although "brain death" and the dead donor rule—i.e., patients must not be killed by organ retrieval—have been clinically and legally accepted in the U.S. as prerequisites to organ removal, there is little data about public attitudes and beliefs concerning these matters. To examine the public attitudes and beliefs about the determination of death and its relationship to organ transplantation, 1351 Ohio residents ≥18 years were randomly selected and surveyed using random digit dialing (RDD) sample frames. The RDD (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   38 citations  
  8.  40
    Opting-Out: The Relationship Between Moral Arguments and Public Policy in Organ Procurement.D. Micah Hester - 2009 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (2):159.
  9.  19
    Advantages and Disadvantages of Socially and Environmentally Sustainable Procurement Practices in the Public and Private Sectors.Charles Oldroyd, Johanne Grosvold & Andrew Millington - 2011 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 22:391-396.
  10. Ethical and Moral Aspects of Public (Self-) Administration in Eastern Slovakia.Vasil Gluchman & Ján Kalajtzidis - 2011 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 1 (1-2):51-61.
    In the article, we analyse ethical and moral issues of public administration in region of Eastern Slovakia through some cases of the last years. We focused on self-governing regions, namely the Košice and Prešov self-governing regions. We identified two fundamental situations where failures on the side of public administrators occur: selection processes for vacant positions, be it directly in public administration or institutions that fall under its domain, and public procurement with regard to the acquisition (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. The Metaphysical Basis of a Liberal Organ Procurement Policy.David B. Hershenov & James J. Delaney - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (4):303-315.
    There remains a need to properly analyze the metaphysical assumptions underlying two organ procurement policies: presumed consent and organ sales. Our contention is that if one correctly understands the metaphysics of both the human body and material property, then it will turn out that while organ sales are illiberal, presumed consent is not. What we mean by illiberal includes violating rights of bodily integrity, property, or autonomy, as well as arguing for or against a policy in a manner that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  60
    The University and the Moral Imperative of Fair Trade Coffee.Gavin Fridell - 2004 - Journal of Academic Ethics 2 (1):141-159.
    This paper examines the relationship between the university and fair trade coffee campaigns in North America. In recent years, fair trade coffee sales internationally have increased substantially but have still not grown large enough to meet the needs of fair trade producers in the South. In consequence, fair trade activists have sought to expand the market by pressuring public institutions to adopt fair trade purchasing policies. In North America, the university has emerged as a central focus of fair trade (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13.  27
    Accountability Challenges in Public-Private Partnerships From a South African Perspective.MadeleineC Fombad - 2013 - African Journal of Business Ethics 7 (1):11.
    One of the potential benefits of public-private partnerships (PPPs) is its capacity to enhance accountability. Although the South African government has made several efforts to address the need for fairness in service delivery and improve accountability in procurement, accountability remains a challenge in PPPs in South Africa and most other countries. If PPPs are to play their role in infrastructure development and service delivery, and thus serve public interests, the problem of accountability must be addressed. This paper (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  15
    The Race for an Artificial General Intelligence: Implications for Public Policy.Wim Naudé & Nicola Dimitri - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-13.
    An arms race for an artificial general intelligence would be detrimental for and even pose an existential threat to humanity if it results in an unfriendly AGI. In this paper, an all-pay contest model is developed to derive implications for public policy to avoid such an outcome. It is established that, in a winner-takes-all race, where players must invest in R&D, only the most competitive teams will participate. Thus, given the difficulty of AGI, the number of competing teams is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  17
    Corporate Social Responsibility as Shaped by Managers’ Role Dissonance: Cleaning Services Procurement in Israel.Galit Segev, Sarit Nisim & Orly Benjamin - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (1):209-221.
    Public procurement provides an excellent window into the shaping of corporate social responsibility of companies contracted by the government. To this emerging scholarly realization, we want to add that public procurement provides also the opportunity to examine corporate social responsibility as practiced by public sector organizations. This opportunity enables the investigation of the conditions under which public sector organizations endorse CSR guidelines, adherence to which demonstrates accountability for their service providers’ legal, employment-related practices. Our (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  10
    Killing by Organ Procurement: Brain-Based Death and Legal Fictions.R. M. Veatch - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (3):289-311.
    The dead donor rule governs procuring life-prolonging organs. They should be taken only from deceased donors. Miller and Truog have proposed abandoning the rule when patients have decided to forgo life-sustaining treatment and have consented to procurement. Organs could then be procured from living patients, thus killing them by organ procurement. This proposal warrants careful examination. They convincingly argue that current brain or circulatory death pronouncement misidentifies the biologically dead. After arguing convincingly that physicians already cause death by (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  17.  4
    The Gift-of-Life and Family Authority: A Family-Based Consent Approach to Organ Donation and Procurement in China.Jue Wang - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (5):554-572.
    China is developing an ethical and sustainable organ donation and procurement system based on voluntary citizen donation. The gift-of-life metaphor has begun to dominate public discussion and education about organ donation. However, ethical and legal problems remain concerning this “gift-of-life” discourse: In what sense are donated organs a “gift-of-life”? What constitutes the ultimate worth of such a gift? On whose authority should organs as a “gift-of-life” be donated? There are no universal answers to these questions; instead, responses must (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  61
    Organ Procurement Organizations Internet Enrollment for Organ Donation: Abandoning Informed Consent. [REVIEW]Sandra Woien, Mohamad Rady, Joseph Verheijde & Joan McGregor - 2006 - BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-9.
    Background Requirements for organ donation after cardiac or imminent death have been introduced to address the transplantable organs shortage in the United States. Organ procurement organizations (OPOs) increasingly use the Internet for organ donation consent. Methods An analysis of OPO Web sites available to the public for enrollment and consent for organ donation. The Web sites and consent forms were examined for the minimal information recommended by the United States Department of Health and Human Services for informed consent. (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  19.  29
    "One Man's Trash is Another Man's Treasure": Exploring Economic and Moral Subtexts of the "Organ Shortage" Problem in Public Views on Organ Donation.S. Schicktanz & M. Schweda - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):473-476.
    The debate over financial incentives and market models for organ procurement represents a key trend in recent bioethics. In this paper, we wish to reassess one of its central premises—the idea of organ shortage. While the problem is often presented as an objective statistical fact that can be taken for granted, we will take a closer look at the underlying framework expressed in the common rhetoric of “scarcity”, “shortage” or “unfulfilled demand”. On the basis of theoretical considerations as well (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  20.  35
    Modified Mandated Choice for Organ Procurement.P. Chouhan - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (3):157-162.
    Presumed consent to organ donation looks increasingly unlikely to be a palatable option for increasing organ procurement in the UK following the publication of the report into events at Alder Hey and elsewhere. Yet, given that the alternative to increasing the number of cadaveric organs available is either to accept a greater number of live donations, or accept that people will continue to die for the want of an organ, public policy makers remain obliged to consider other means (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  21.  42
    Non-Heart Beating Organ Donation: Old Procurement Strategy--New Ethical Problems.M. D. D. Bell - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (3):176-181.
    The imbalance between supply of organs for transplantation and demand for them is widening. Although the current international drive to re-establish procurement via non-heart beating organ donation/donor is founded therefore on necessity, the process may constitute a desirable outcome for patient and family when progression to brain stem death does not occur and conventional organ retrieval from the beating heart donor is thereby prevented. The literature accounts of this practice, however, raise concerns that risk jeopardising professional and public (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  22.  57
    An Antidote to the Emerging Two Tier Organ Donation Policy in Canada: The Public Cadaveric Organ Donation Program.S. Giles - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (4):188-191.
    In Canada, as in many other countries, there exists an organ procurement/donation crisis. This paper reviews some of the most common kidney procurement and allocation programmes, analyses them in terms of public and private administration, and argues that privately administered living donor models are an inequitable stopgap measure, the good intentions of which are misplaced and opportunistic. Focusing on how to improve the publicly administered equitable cadaveric donation programme, and at the same time offering one possible explanation (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  23.  25
    Non-Heart-Beating Cadaver Procurement and the Work of Ethics Committees.Bethany Spielman & Steve Verhulst - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):282-.
    Recent ethics literature suggests that issues involved in non-heart-beating organ procurement are both highly charged and rather urgent. Some fear that NHB is a public relations disaster waiting to happen or that it will create a backlash against organ donation. The purpose of the study described below was to assess ethics committees' current level of involvement in and readiness for addressing the difficult issues that NHB organ retrieval raises—either proactively through policy development or concurrently through ethics consultation.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24.  14
    Ethics and the Defense Procurement System.Paul Lansing & Kimberly Burkard - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (5):357 - 364.
    A large U.S. government investigation into arms procurement procedures with corporate contractors has recently led to guilty pleas to fraud and illegal use of classified documents. Operation Ill Wind has brought public attention to the criminal and unethical conduct of large defense contractors in their dealings with the government. This article will review how the defense contract bidding process operates and why illegal activity has been able to compromise the process. We will offer proposals to improve the process (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  25.  6
    Non-Heart-Beating Cadaver Procurement and the Work of Ethics Committees.Bethany Spielman & Steve Verhulst - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):282-287.
    Recent ethics literature suggests that issues involved in non-heart-beating organ procurement are both highly charged and rather urgent. Some fear that NHB is a public relations disaster waiting to happen or that it will create a backlash against organ donation. The purpose of the study described below was to assess ethics committees' current level of involvement in and readiness for addressing the difficult issues that NHB organ retrieval raises—either proactively through policy development or concurrently through ethics consultation.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  36
    Donor Perspectives on Issues Associated with Donation of Genetic Samples and Information: An Australian Viewpoint. [REVIEW]Margaret Otlowski - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (2):135-150.
    This paper provides a legal overview of key issues associated with donation of genetic samples and information from a donor perspective. In particular, it addresses the property status of samples as well as issues in respect of consent, privacy, commercialisation and benefit sharing. The paper highlights the need for appropriate protection and safeguards for individuals, but also, importantly, for understanding what donors actually think and want in terms of genetic research and the use of their samples and information. The paper (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  4
    Staff’s Views From One Canadian Organ Procurement Organization on Organ Donation and Organ Transplant Technologies: A Content Analysis.Jennifer Cheung & Gregor Wolbring - 2017 - NanoEthics 11 (2):187-202.
    Advancements in scientific research and technological development influence the practice of organ donation and organ transplantation. Many SRTD governance discourses put forward the need for multi-stakeholder engagements. We posit that staff employed by organ procurement organizations have a stake in the discussions around SRTD applicable to ODOT because SRTD is one factor that shapes ODOT and because staff are involved in ODOT education and awareness raising while acting as a nexus between donors and the public. Therefore, we performed (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development.Vernon W. Ruttan - 2006 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Military and defense-related procurement has been an important source of technology development across a broad spectrum of industries that account for an important share of United States industrial production. In this book, the author focuses on six general-purpose technologies: interchangeable parts and mass production; military and commercial aircraft; nuclear energy and electric power; computers and semiconductors; the INTERNET; and the space industries. In each of these industries, technology development would have occurred more slowly, and in some case much more (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  7
    Public Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Consent Policies for Organ Donation in Europe. A Systematic Review.Alberto Molina Pérez, David Rodríguez-Arias, Janet Delgado-Rodríguez, Myfanwy Morgan, Mihaela Frunza, Gurch Randhawa, Jeantine Reiger-Van de Wijdeven, Eline Schiks, Sabine Wöhlke & Silke Schicktanz - 2019 - Transplantation Reviews 33 (1):1-8.
    Background: Several countries have recently changed their model of consent for organ donation from opt-in to opt-out. We undertook a systematic review to determine public knowledge and attitudes towards these models in Europe. Methods: Six databases were explored between 1 January 2008 and 15 December 2017. We selected empirical studies addressing either knowledge or attitudes towards the systems of consent for deceased organ donation by lay people in Europe, including students. Study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment were conducted (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  31
    Elective Ventilation for Organ Donation: Law, Policy and Public Ethics.J. Coggon - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (3):130-134.
    This paper examines questions concerning elective ventilation, contextualised within English law and policy. It presents the general debate with reference both to the Exeter Protocol on elective ventilation, and the considerable developments in legal principle since the time that that protocol was declared to be unlawful. I distinguish different aspects of what might be labelled elective ventilation policies under the following four headings: ‘basic elective ventilation’; ‘epistemically complex elective ventilation’; ‘practically complex elective ventilation’; and ‘epistemically and practically complex elective ventilation’. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  31.  49
    Brain Death, States of Impaired Consciousness, and Physician-Assisted Death for End-of-Life Organ Donation and Transplantation.Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):409-421.
    In 1968, the Harvard criteria equated irreversible coma and apnea with human death and later, the Uniform Determination of Death Act was enacted permitting organ procurement from heart-beating donors. Since then, clinical studies have defined a spectrum of states of impaired consciousness in human beings: coma, akinetic mutism, minimally conscious state, vegetative state and brain death. In this article, we argue against the validity of the Harvard criteria for equating brain death with human death. Brain death does not disrupt (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  32.  49
    Public Moralities Concerning Donation and Disposition of Organs: Results From a Cross-European Study.Mark Schweda & Silke Schicktanz - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (3):308-317.
    There are not many international consensuses in the governance of biomedicine. One that exists concerns a general reluctance toward a commercialization of organ procurement. However, with reference to the problem of there is an increasingly louder call in ethical and legal discourse to and to establish a debate on financial incentives Other ethicists and jurists criticize this development, and warn of injustice, exploitation of the poor, and a commodification of the human body.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  33.  23
    Still a Time to Act: A Review of Institutional Marketing of Regionally-Grown Food. [REVIEW]Rainbow A. Vogt & Lucia L. Kaiser - 2008 - Agriculture and Human Values 25 (2):241-255.
    Regional institutional marketing supports sustainable farming by bringing wholesome, nutritious food to members of the community. Schools, in particular, can benefit greatly from this arrangement in comprehensive efforts to address childhood obesity. Nineteen previous publications examined issues around supply of and/or demand for regional food procurement by institutions across the United States, including levels of interest, perceived benefits, and barriers to this arrangement. Food service directors, farmers, and/or distributors participated in surveys, interviews, workshops/forums, case studies, and one evaluation about (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  34.  45
    Presumed Consent for Organ Preservation in Uncontrolled Donation After Cardiac Death in the United States: A Public Policy with Serious Consequences. [REVIEW]Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan McGregor - 2009 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4:1-8.
    Organ donation after cessation of circulation and respiration, both controlled and uncontrolled, has been proposed by the Institute of Medicine as a way to increase opportunities for organ procurement. Despite claims to the contrary, both forms of controlled and uncontrolled donation after cardiac death raise significant ethical and legal issues. Identified causes for concern include absence of agreement on criteria for the declaration of death, nonexistence of universal guidelines for duration before stopping resuscitation efforts and techniques, and assumption of (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  35. Polling and Public Policy.Daniel M. Hausman - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):241-247.
    : This commentary distinguishes five reasons why one might want to conduct a survey concerning people's beliefs about death and the permissibility of harvesting organs: (1) simply to learn what people know and want; (2) to determine if current law and practice conform to the wishes of the population; (3) to determine the level of popular support for or opposition to policy changes; (4) to ascertain the causes and effects of popular beliefs and attitudes; and (5) to provide guidance in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  17
    Public Moralities and Markets in Organs.James Stacey Taylor - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (3):223-227.
    Schweda and Schicktanz argue that the debate over the ethics of using financial incentives to procure human transplant organs rests on socioempirical premises that need to be critically assessed. They contend that once this is achieved a completely new perspective on the debate should be adopted, with organ donation being viewed primarily as a reciprocal social interaction between donor and recipient. This paper challenges this conclusion, arguing that rather than supporting a new perspective on the debate over the commercial (...) of organs, the observations of Schweda and Schicktanz support the view that human organs should be commercialized. (shrink)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  56
    Personal Autonomy, Posthumous Harm, and Presumed Consent Policies for Organ Procurement.James Stacey Taylor - 2006 - Public Affairs Quarterly 20 (4):381-404.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38.  27
    The Give and Take of Organ Procurement.D. K. Martin & E. Meslin - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (1):61-78.
    Scientific developments of the last 20 years have made the transplantation of cadaveric solid organs a viable and expected treatment alternative for patients suffering from various forms of End Stage Organ Disease. Of the number of organs that could be utilized for this, only a small percentage of them are actually made available. North American legislation explicitly categorizes the transfer of cadaveric organs as an anatomical or tissue “gift”. The concept of the gift is mediated by transculturally consistent unwritten, but (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39. Digital Psychiatry: Ethical Risks and Opportunities for Public Health and Well-Being.Christopher Burr, Jessica Morley, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - manuscript
    Common mental health disorders are rising globally, creating a strain on public healthcare systems. This has led to a renewed interest in the role that digital technologies may have for improving mental health outcomes. One result of this interest is the development and use of artificial intelligence for assessing, diagnosing, and treating mental health issues, which we refer to as ‘digital psychiatry’. This article focuses on the increasing use of digital psychiatry outside of clinical settings, in the following sectors: (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  54
    Blockchain, The Greater Good, and Human and Civil Rights.Kobina Hughes - 2017 - Metaphilosophy 48 (5):654-665.
    The central theme of this paper is that the development of a technology that is predicted to have a major impact on the way we transact with each other should be a matter where the needs of society at large are taken into account. Where the technology is one that emerges from the domain of the Internet, inclusivity becomes even more acute in order to avoid widening the already existing gap in reaping the “digital dividend.” With blockchain, the obligation could (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41.  49
    Decentralization of Contracts with Interim Side-Contracting.Bernd Theilen - 2012 - Theory and Decision 73 (4):561-590.
    This article gives a new explanation for the phenomenon of subcontracting. A model in which a principal contracts two agents who work in a sequence on a project, have soft information and can collude is considered. Side-contracts between agents can be signed at any stage of the game. It is shown that in this setting both a decentralized contracting structure, in which contracting of the agents at the initial production stage is delegated to the agent at the final production stage, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  9
    Intention in Hybrid Organizations: The Diffusion of the Business Metaphor in Swedish Laws.Jan Bröchner, Karsten Åström & Stefan Larsson - 2015 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 28 (2):371-386.
    Recent studies of conceptual metaphors in a legal context have often dealt with the power of embodiment. However, the connotations of culturally originated metaphors could be different when they appear in laws and regulations. In particular, the role of metaphor when the legislator wishes to define intention in hybrid organizations is investigated here. The case studied is how a conceptual metaphor of ‘business’ manifesting itself in the Swedish simile adjective affärsmässig has spread over 40 years. ‘Business’ early on acquired connotations (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Justice and Public Health.Govind Persad - 2019 - In Anna Mastroianni, Jeff Kahn & Nancy Kass (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics. New York, NY, USA: pp. ch. 4.
    This chapter discusses how justice applies to public health. It begins by outlining three different metrics employed in discussions of justice: resources, capabilities, and welfare. It then discusses different accounts of justice in distribution, reviewing utilitarianism, egalitarianism, prioritarianism, and sufficientarianism, as well as desert-based theories, and applies these distributive approaches to public health examples. Next, it examines the interplay between distributive justice and individual rights, such as religious rights, property rights, and rights against discrimination, by discussing examples such (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Liberty, Mill and the Framework of Public Health Ethics.Madison Powers, Ruth Faden & Yashar Saghai - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):6-15.
    In this article, we address the relevance of J.S. Mill’s political philosophy for a framework of public health ethics. In contrast to some readings of Mill, we reject the view that in the formulation of public policies liberties of all kinds enjoy an equal presumption in their favor. We argue that Mill also rejects this view and discuss the distinction that Mill makes between three kinds of liberty interests: interests that are immune from state interference; interests that enjoy (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  45. Free Will Skepticism and Criminal Behavior: A Public Health-Quarantine Model.Gregg D. Caruso - 2016 - Southwest Philosophy Review 32 (1):25-48.
    One of the most frequently voiced criticisms of free will skepticism is that it is unable to adequately deal with criminal behavior and that the responses it would permit as justified are insufficient for acceptable social policy. This concern is fueled by two factors. The first is that one of the most prominent justifications for punishing criminals, retributivism, is incompatible with free will skepticism. The second concern is that alternative justifications that are not ruled out by the skeptical view per (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  46. Ethics, Antibiotics, and Public Policy.Jonny Anomaly - 2017 - Georgetown Journal of Law and Public Policy 15 (2).
  47. The Value of Public Philosophy to Philosophers.Massimo Pugliucci & Leonard Finkelman - 2014 - Essays in Philosophy 15 (1):86-102.
    Philosophy has been a public endeavor since its origins in ancient Greece, India, and China. However, recent years have seen the development of a new type of public philosophy conducted by both academics and non- professionals. The new public philosophy manifests itself in a range of modalities, from the publication of magazines and books for the general public to a variety of initiatives that exploit the power and flexibility of social networks and new media. In this (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48. The Ethics of Inquiry, Scientific Belief, and Public Discourse.Lawrence Torcello - 2011 - Public Affairs Quarterly 25 (3):197-215.
    The scientific consensus regarding anthropogenic climate change is firmly established yet climate change denialism, a species of what I call pseudoskepticism, is on the rise in industrial nations most responsible for climate change. Such denialism suggests the need for a robust ethics of inquiry and public discourse. In this paper I argue: (1) that ethical obligations of inquiry extend to every voting citizen insofar as citizens are bound together as a political body. (2) It is morally condemnable for (...) officials to put forward assertions contrary to scientific consensus when such consensus is decisive for public policy and legislation. (3) It is imperative upon educators, journalists, politicians and all those with greater access to the public forum to condemn, factually and ethically, pseudoskeptical assertions made in the public realm without equivocation. (shrink)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  49. Understanding “Understanding” in Public Understanding of Science.Joanna K. Huxster, Matthew Slater, Jason Leddington, Victor LoPiccolo, Jeffrey Bergman, Mack Jones, Caroline McGlynn, Nicolas Diaz, Nathan Aspinall, Julia Bresticker & Melissa Hopkins - 2017 - Public Understanding of Science 28:1-16.
    This study examines the conflation of terms such as “knowledge” and “understanding” in peer-reviewed literature, and tests the hypothesis that little current research clearly distinguishes between importantly distinct epistemic states. Two sets of data are presented from papers published in the journal Public Understanding of Science. In the first set, the digital text analysis tool, Voyant, is used to analyze all papers published in 2014 for the use of epistemic success terms. In the second set of data, all papers (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  50. Political Liberalism, the Internal Conception, and the Problem of Public Dogma.Thomas M. Besch - 2012 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 2 (1):153-177.
    According to the “internal” conception (Quong), political liberalism aims to be publicly justifiable only to people who are reasonable in a special sense specified and advocated by political liberalism itself. One advantage of the internal conception allegedly is that it enables liberalism to avoid perfectionism. The paper takes issue with this view. It argues that once the internal conception is duly pitched at its fundamental, metatheoretical level and placed in its proper discursive context, it emerges that it comes at the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000