Results for 'quit smoking'

370 found
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  1.  24
    De-Marketing Tobacco Through Price Changes and Consumer Attempts Quit Smoking.Michelle Inness, Julian Barling, Keith Rogers & Nick Turner - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (4):405-416.
    Using panel data from three Canadian provinces, this article examines the relationship between the de-marketing of tobacco products through provincial-level price increases and consumers’ attempts to quit smoking as measured by the uptake of tobacco replacement therapies. We ground our hypotheses in the rational addiction model and the theory of planned behavior. Our analyses suggest a positive, one-month lagged effect of a price increase of tobacco products on the uptake of tobacco replacement therapies. This effect dissipates 3 months (...)
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  2. Thought, Worry, and Motivation to Quit Smoking Cigarettes.K. D. McCaul, A. B. Mullens, K. M. Romanek, S. C. Erickson & B. J. Gatheridge - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (8).
  3.  10
    A Dutch Version of the Modified Reasons for Smoking Scale: Factorial Structure, Reliability and Validity.Hedwig Boudrez & Dirk De Bacquer - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (4):799-806.
    Aims : The Modified Reasons for Smoking Scale (MRSS) is a widely accepted scale that measures psychological functions of smoking. The scale has been translated in Dutch and has been validated, in order to be used in clinical smoking cessation practice in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium. This study examined the factorial structure, reliability and validity of the scale in a sample of smokers, who are characterized by a high level of dependence and an explicit motivation to (...)
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  4.  7
    Temperance, Moral Friendship, and Smoking Cessation.Kyle Karches - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (3):299-313.
    The predominant approach of public health experts to cigarette smoking might be described as behaviorist, for it aims to eliminate this behavior without attending to human agency and intention. The requirement that physicians address smoking cessation at every patient visit also constitutes physicians as “managers” who focus narrowly on technical means to achieve predetermined ends. In this paper, I contrast such an approach with the Aristotelian tradition, according to which physician and patient ought to develop the virtue of (...)
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  5.  14
    Public Spirometry for Primary Prevention of COPD.Sabine Zirlik, Christina Wich, Markus Frieser, Kai Hildner, Christin Kleye, Markus F. Neurath & Florian S. Fuchs - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):43-47.
  6.  89
    Smoking and Social Justice.Kristin Voigt - 2010 - Public Health Ethics 3 (2):91-106.
    Smoking is disproportionately common among the disadvantaged, both within many countries and globally; the burden associated with smoking is, therefore, borne to a great extent by the disadvantaged. In this paper, I argue that this should be regarded as a problem of social justice. Even though smokers do, in a sense, ‘choose’ to smoke, the extent to which these choices can legitimise the resulting inequalities is limited by the unequal circumstances in which they are made. An analysis of (...)
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  7.  62
    The Ethics of Smoking Policies.Judy C. Nixon & Judy F. West - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (6):409 - 414.
    Smoking has long been declared a health hazard. In 1964, the U.S. Surgeon General revealed that smoking was related to lung cancer. Subsequent reports linked smoking to numerous other health problems. Recent statements by the Surgeon General indicated smokers do have the right to decide to continue or quit; however, their choice to continue cannot interfere with the nonsmoker's right to breathe smoke-free air.The full impact of adverse health consequences of involuntary smoking may not be (...)
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  8.  22
    Can It Be Ethical to Apply Limited Resources in Low-Income Countries to Ineffective, Low-Reach Smoking Cessation Strategies? A Reply to Bitton and Eyal.S. Chapman & R. Mackenzie - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):29-37.
    Bitton and Eyal's lengthy critique of our article on unassisted cessation was premised on several straw-man arguments. These are corrected in our reply. It also confused the key concepts of efficacy and effectiveness in assessing the impact of cessation interventions and policies in real-world settings; ignored any consideration of reach (cost, consumer acceptability and accessibility) and failed to consider that clinical cessation interventions which fail more than they succeed also may ‘harm’ smokers by reducing agency. Our article addresses each of (...)
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  9.  17
    Clinical Ethics: Ethical Analysis of the Justifiability of Labelling with COPD for Smoking Cessation.D. Kotz, R. Vos & M. J. H. Huibers - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (9):534-540.
    Background: Spirometry for early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and smoking cessation is criticised because of the potential negative effects of labelling with disease. Aim: To assess the effects of opinions of smokers with mild to moderate COPD on the effectiveness of spirometry for smoking cessation, the justification of early detection of airflow limitation in smokers and the impact of confrontation with COPD. Design: Qualitative study with data from a randomised controlled trial. Setting: General population of Dutch (...)
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  10.  15
    Rationing Elective Surgery for Smokers and Obese Patients: Responsibility or Prognosis?Virimchi Pillutla, Hannah Maslen & Julian Savulescu - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):28.
    In the United Kingdom, a number of National Health Service Clinical Commissioning Groups have proposed controversial measures to restrict elective surgery for patients who either smoke or are obese. Whilst the nature of these measures varies between NHS authorities, typically, patients above a certain Body Mass Index and smokers are required to lose weight and quit smoking prior to being considered eligible for elective surgery. Patients will be supported and monitored throughout this mandatory period to ensure their clinical (...)
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  11.  31
    Examining Tobacco Control Strategies and Aims Through a Social Justice Lens: An Application of Sen's Capability Approach.E. Breton & W. Sherlaw - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (2):149-159.
    Although the effectiveness of some tobacco programs and policies has been clearly demonstrated in reducing the overall population smoking prevalence, the health benefits are not equally distributed across all socio-economic classes; a situation that clearly runs against the equalitarian ethos of most modern states. In this article, we evaluate the benefits of using Sen’s Capability Approach as a theory of social justice to guide public health program and policy development in a way that would prevent the further increase of (...)
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  12.  34
    Analyzing Explanations for Seemingly Irrational Choices: Linking Argument Analysis and Cognitive Science.Noreen C. Facione & Peter A. Facione - 2001 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (2):267-286.
    People make significant decisions in contexts of risk and uncertainty. Some of these decisions seem wise under the circumstances, and others seem like irrational choices. In both cases, people offer reasons as clarifications and explanations of these choices to others and to themselves. Argument analysis, a technique well known in philosophy and more generally in the humanities, can explicate the strands of assumptions, intermediate conclusions, data, warrants, and claims that the person articulates. But alone, argument analysis often falls short of (...)
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  13.  6
    A Critical Analysis of Australia’s Ban on the Sale of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems.Wayne Hall, Kylie Morphett & Coral Gartner - forthcoming - Neuroethics:1-9.
    Australia does not allow adult smokers to buy or use electronic nicotine delivery systems that contain nicotine without a prescription. This paper critically evaluates the empirical and ethical justifications provided for the policy by Federal and State governments, public health advocates and health organisations. These are: that ENDS should only be approved as products for smoking cessation when there is evidence from randomised controlled trials that they are effective; that as a matter of precaution we should not allow the (...)
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  14.  8
    Self-Governed Agency: A Feminist Approach to Patient Noncompliance.Ruth Tallman - 2018 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 11 (1):76-90.
    This paper attempts to determine the best way to understand-and, thus, treat—patients who claim to hold certain health—related values and goals yet consistently act in ways that undermine and work against those values and goals. Since at least the 1970s, this phenomenon has been known in the medical community as patient noncompliance. This can come in the form of failure to take medication as prescribed, as well as failure to adhere to any number of doctors' orders, including recommendations to modify (...)
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  15.  25
    Smoke and Mirrors: One Case for Ethical Obligations of the Physician as Public Role Model.Jacob M. Appel - 2009 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (1):95.
    As a result of workplace clean air regulations and strict guidelines imposed by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations in 1993, most hospitals in the United States are now virtually smoke free. Although evidence suggests that these restrictions both cause smoking employees to consume fewer cigarettes per day and induce some employees to quit smoking entirely, the policies have also driven many healthcare providers—including physicians—onto the public sidewalks for their cigarette breaks. Patients entering many hospitals (...)
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  16. Preventing Sin: The Ethics of Vaccines Against Smoking.Sarah R. Lieber & Joseph Millum - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (3):23-33.
    Advances in immunotherapy pave the way for vaccines that target not only infections, but also unhealthy behaviors such as smoking. A nicotine vaccine that eliminates the pleasure associated with smoking could potentially be used to prevent children from adopting this addictive and dangerous behavior. This paper offers an ethical analysis of such vaccines. We argue that it would be permissible for parents to give their child a nicotine vaccine if the following conditions are met: (1) the vaccine is (...)
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  17.  25
    Is Prevention Better Than Cure? A Re-Evaluation of the Potential Use of Nicotine Conjugate Vaccine in Children.K. McMahon-Parkes - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (2):121-128.
    Despite worldwide efforts to reduce the consumption of tobacco, legislative and educational measures have failed to eradicate the practice of cigarette smoking. Indeed, in many populations, particularly in the developing world, its prevalence is increasing. Consequently were alternative strategies to become available to address the problem, they would deserve serious consideration. One potential strategy which may become a real possibility in the future might be the vaccination of children against the pleasurable effects of nicotine. Were such a vaccine to (...)
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  18.  68
    The Smoking Penalty: Distributive Justice or Smokism?Martin J. Lecker - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S1):47 - 64.
    This study addresses whether businesses discriminate against employees who smoke, which for the purposes of this study is called smokism. It began with a description of the employers' costs which led to the development of these smoking bans and examined several company policies as a result of these costs. The viewpoints from several perspectives toward these policies and their perceptions about smokers were also reviewed. This was followed by surveying the corporate smoking policies of 76 companies representing 287 (...)
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  19.  47
    Consumer Ethics in Thank You For Smoking.Stacy Thompson - 2009 - Film-Philosophy 13 (1):53-67.
    My question, then, is how does Thank You For Smoking, in addition to othercultural and social phenomena such as Parrish’s stance, enact this same divorcebetween the abstract form of corporate America and its particular contents oremployees? My answer is that, to win its viewers’ identification with itscharacters and, through them, its ideological assumptions, the film organises itscontent around an ethical form, that of the tragic hero in Søren Kierkegaard’ssense. Consequently, what I hope to enact in this essay is the (...)
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  20.  15
    On the Irreducible Individuality of the Person and the Fullness of Life: Simon Gray’s Smoking Diaries. [REVIEW]Stephen Pattison & Iona Heath - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (3):310-321.
    This article aims to challenge and expand notions of health, health care and health promotion, particularly in relation to smoking, via a consideration of the autobiographical literary work of the English playwright, Simon Gray. Gray died in 2008, having written a series of reflective autobiographical books, The Smoking Diaries. Gray was a lifelong smoker, perpetually trying to give up his habit. This article introduces Gray’s diaries and their reflections on life, death, health care and smoking. It then (...)
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  21.  6
    The Construction the Political Subject in the Musical Work of Emir Kusturica & The No Smoking Orchestra. [Spanish].Érika Castañeda - 2008 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 8:212-221.
    Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} This paper discusses how the proposed musical Emir Kusturica & the no smoking orchestra , creates new forms of perception on situations of armed conflict (war in Bosnia-Herzegovina) and exclusion (relationship with the community Rom), which (...)
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  22.  11
    When Do Misunderstandings Matter? Evidence From Survey Interviews About Smoking.Michael F. Schober, Anna L. Suessbrick & Frederick G. Conrad - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (2):452-484.
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  23.  12
    Smoking‐Cessation Therapy Using Varenicline: The Cost‐Utility of an Additional 12‐Week Course of Varenicline for the Maintenance of Smoking Abstinence.Kristian Bolin, Ann-Christin Mörk & Koo Wilson - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):478-485.
  24.  9
    The Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Simple and Choice Reaction Time to Colored Lights.P. J. Fay - 1936 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (5):592.
  25.  10
    Effects of Smoking on Mental and Motor Efficiency.S. Froeberg - 1920 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 3 (5):334.
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  26.  9
    Control Beliefs Are Related to Smoking Prevention in Prenatal Care.Sakari Lemola, Yvonne Meyer‐Leu, Jakub Samochowiec & Alexander Grob - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):948-952.
  27.  7
    A Review of Cost‐Effectiveness of Varenicline and Comparison of Cost‐Effectiveness of Treatments for Major Smoking‐Related Morbidities. [REVIEW]Evelina A. Zimovetz, Koo Wilson, Miny Samuel & Stephen M. Beard - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (2):288-297.
  28.  7
    Potential Conflict of Interest and Bias in the RACGP’s Smoking Cessation Guidelines: Are GPs Provided with the Best Advice on Smoking Cessation for Their Patients?Ross MacKenzie & Wendy Rogers - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (3):319-331.
    Patient visits are an important opportunity for general practitioners to discuss the risks of smoking and cessation strategies. In Australia, the guidelines on cessation published by the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners represent a key resource for GPs in this regard. The predominant message of the Guidelines is that pharmacotherapy should be recommended as first-line therapy for smokers expressing an interest in quitting. This, however, ignores established evidence about the success of unassisted quitting. Our analysis of the Guidelines (...)
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  29.  30
    The Ethics of a Smoking Licence.Daniel Halliday - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (5):278–284.
    In this paper, I am going to explore some of the moral considerations relating to smoking licences. And I shall offer a limited defence of licences as a replacement for sales tax on tobacco products. This defence will include some moral arguments in favour of one particular licence design over others.
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  30.  15
    Behavioral Policies and Inequities: The Case of Incentivized Smoking Cessation Policies.O. Çağlar Dede - 2019 - Journal of Economic Methodology 26 (3):272-289.
    ABSTRACTBehavioral policies, such as nudges and boosts, are gaining prominence. Such policies are advertised as evidential public policies. Yet, they have significant evidential problems. I analyze an important example of behavioral policy, so-called Incentivized Smoking Cessation Policies. I focus on their evaluation with respect to health inequities. I demonstrate that the evaluations of Incentivized Smoking Cessation Policies can be characterized by a plurality of researchers making use of different kinds of evidence gathering methods. I argue that the evaluation (...)
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  31.  26
    Nicotine Conjugate Vaccine: Is There a Right to a Smoking Future?A. Hasman - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):344-345.
    Tobacco consumption is believed to be one of the world’s greatest preventable health problems. According to the World Health Organisation, 1.1 billion people worldwide are addicted to nicotine with tobacco causing an estimated four million premature deaths every year. The development of a nicotine conjugate vaccine suggests that immunisation may hold promise as a future therapeutic and preventive strategy for tobacco smoking and nicotine addiction. Allowing parents to immunise their children against smoking could be an infringement of children’s (...)
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  32.  28
    No Smoking Here: Values, Norms and Culture in Multi-Agent Systems. [REVIEW]Francien Dechesne, Gennaro Di Tosto, Virginia Dignum & Frank Dignum - 2013 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 21 (1):79 - 107.
    We use the example of the introduction of the anti-smoking legislation to model the relationship between the cultural make-up, in terms of values, of societies and the acceptance of and compliance with norms. We present two agent-based simulations and discuss the challenge of modeling sanctions and their relation to values and culture.
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  33.  32
    Ethical and Legal Analyses of Policy Prohibiting Tobacco Smoking in Enclosed Public Spaces.Taiwo A. Oriola - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):828-840.
    A spate of legislations prohibiting cigarette smoking in enclosed public spaces, mainly on grounds of public health protection, recently swept across cities around the world. This is in tandem with a raft of increasingly restrictive national laws that emerged on the back of the ratification of the WHO Framework for Tobacco Control by more than one 168 countries in 2005. The central debate on the increasingly restrictive tobacco laws revolves on the extent to which public health interests justification should (...)
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  34.  42
    Patient Rights and Law: Tobacco Smoking in Psychiatric Wards and the Israeli Prevention of Smoking Act.Ilya Kagan, Ronit Kigli-Shemesh, Nili Tabak, Moshe Z. Abramowitz & Jacob Margolin - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (5):472-478.
    In August 2001, the Israeli Ministry of Health issued its Limitation of Smoking in Public Places Order, categorically forbidding smoking in hospitals. This forced the mental health system to cope with the issue of smoking inside psychiatric hospitals. The main problem was smoking by compulsorily hospitalized psychiatric patients in closed wards. An attempt by a psychiatric hospital to implement the tobacco smoking restraint instruction by banning the sale of cigarettes inside the hospital led to the (...)
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  35.  60
    Smoking Bans and Persons with Schizophrenia: A Straightforward Use of the Harm Principle?D. S. Silva - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (2):143-148.
    Indoor smoking bans in public places is usually held as a simple and straightforward example of the application of the harm principle in public health. However, implementing indoor smoking bans in mental health centres is difficult because of the potential neurological and social benefits of smoking for persons with schizophrenia, as suggested by some empirical studies. In this article, the ethical challenges related to smoking bans in mental health centres as justified by the harm principle are (...)
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  36.  7
    Smoking and Hospitalisation: Harnessing Medical Ethics and Harm Reduction.Kimberly Sue & Dinah Applewhite - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (7):483-486.
    As resident physicians practicing Internal Medicine in hospitals within the USA, we are confronted on a daily basis with patients who wish to leave the hospital floor to smoke a cigarette. While many physicians argue that hospitals should do everything in their power to prevent patients from smoking, we argue that a more comprehensive and nuanced approach is needed. In part 1 of this perspective piece, we outline the various forms of smoking bans in hospital settings, applauding the (...)
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  37.  10
    Are Rival Theories of Smoking Underdetermined?Robert S. Goldfarb, Thomas C. Leonard & Steven M. Suranovic - 2001 - Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (2):229-251.
    Some empirically minded philosophers of science argue that the evidence should choose the best theory from among theoretical rivals. However, the evidence may not speak clearly, a problem of 'underdetermination of theory by data'. We examine this problem in a concrete setting, rival theories of smoking behaviour. We investigate whether several uncontested pieces of empirical evidence allow us to choose between two competing theoretical perspectives on smoking, rational choice and non-rational choice, respectively. Next, we develop a more refined (...)
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  38.  10
    Risk Perception, Addiction, and Costs to Others: An Assessment of Cigarette Taxes and Other Anti-Smoking Policies. [REVIEW]Paul Menzel - 1994 - Health Care Analysis 2 (1):13-22.
    This paper offers a relatively comprehensive assessment of government anti-smoking policies (both taxation and other regulatory measures). I conclude that interventions to engender in smokers and prospective smokers an accurate perception of tobacco's health risks are justified, that except in the case of adolescents addiction by itself does not justify intervention beyond providing adequate information, that the proper goal of tobacco taxation policy should be to recoup only the extra costs that smokers place on others (at most a $1/pack (...)
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  39.  17
    “Right to Recommend, Wrong to Require”- an Empirical and Philosophical Study of the Views Among Physicians and the General Public on Smoking Cessation as a Condition for Surgery.Joar Björk, Niklas Juth & Niels Lynøe - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):2.
    In many countries, there are health care initiatives to make smokers give up smoking in the peri-operative setting. There is empirical evidence that this may improve some, but not all, operative outcomes. However, it may be feared that some support for such policies stems from ethically questionable opinions, such as paternalism or anti-smoker sentiments. This study aimed at investigating the support for a policy of smoking cessation prior to surgery among Swedish physicians and members of the general public, (...)
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  40.  63
    Objective Chance, Indicative Conditionals and Decision Theory; or, How You Can Be Smart, Rich and Keep on Smoking.Thomas C. Vinci - 1988 - Synthese 75 (1):83 - 105.
    In this paper I explore a version of standard (expected utility) decision theory in which the probability parameter is interpreted as an objective chance believed by agents to obtain and values of this parameter are fixed by indicative conditionals linking possible actions with possible outcomes. After reviewing some recent developments centering on the common-cause counterexamples to the standard approach, I introduce and briefly discuss the key notions in my own approach. (This approach has essentially the same results as the causal (...)
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  41.  10
    Smoking as a Job Killer: Reactions to Smokers in Personnel Selection.Nicolas Roulin & Namita Bhatnagar - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (4):959-972.
    Decades of tobacco control initiatives have turned public opinion against cigarette smoking. Smokers, once considered glamorous, are now stigmatized in domains including the workplace. Extant literature lacks scrutiny of smoker stigmatization and devaluation within the job selection process, and mechanisms that lead to such outcomes. Using an experimental design, we empirically examine initial reactions to job applicants’ smoking behaviors within two samples. We show that initial impressions are significantly worse when job applicants smoke versus do not in a (...)
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  42.  23
    Will-Power and Authentic Choice in Stopping Smoking.Don Rawson - 1994 - Health Care Analysis 2 (3):201-205.
    This paper shows how one major area of health education work (smoking cessation) involves powerful, but currently largely implicit, philosophies of action. The analysis draws on empirical data derived from a previous study of would-be non-smokers' private explanations for their success or failure. Will-power, or the lack of it, emerged as a central theme in this study—a theme equally prevalent in almost all ‘How to Stop Smoking’ books and related health education pamphlets. The nature of will-power has long (...)
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  43.  5
    Are We Justified in Introducing Carbon Monoxide Testing to Encourage Smoking Cessation in Pregnant Women?Catherine Bowden - 2019 - Health Care Analysis 27 (2):128-145.
    Smoking is frequently presented as being particularly problematic when the smoker is a pregnant woman because of the potential harm to the future child. This premise is used to justify targeting pregnant women with a unique approach to smoking cessation including policies such as the routine testing of all pregnant women for carbon monoxide at every antenatal appointment. This paper examines the evidence that such policies are justified by the aim of harm prevention and argues that targeting pregnant (...)
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  44.  48
    Epidemiologic Causation: Jerome Cornfield’s Argument for a Causal Connection Between Smoking and Lung Cancer.Roger Stanev - 2009 - Humana Mente 3 (9):59-66.
    A central issue confronting both philosophers and practitioners in formulating an analysis of causation is the question of what constitutes evidence for a causal association. From the 1950s onward, the biostatistician Jerome Cornfield put himself at the center of a controversial debate over whether cigarette smoking was a causative factor in the incidence of lung cancer. Despite criticisms from distinguished statisticians such as Fisher, Berkson and Neyman, Cornfield argued that a review of the scientific evidence supported the conclusion of (...)
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  45.  41
    Reconsidering the Legality of Cigarette Smoking Advertisements on Television Public Health and the Law.James G. Hodge, Veda Collmer, Daniel G. Orenstein, Chase Millea & Laura Van Buren - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):369-373.
    Television advertisements depicting the use of electronic cigarettes have recently exposed minors to images of smoking behaviors. While these advertisements are currently legal, existing laws should be interpreted or expanded to ban the commercial depiction of smoking behaviors with any product that resembles a cigarette to shield minors from potentially influential advertising.
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  46.  48
    The Ethical and Economic Implications of Smoking in Enclosed Public Facilities: A Resolution of Conflicting Rights. [REVIEW]S. Andrew Ostapski, L. Wayne Plumly & J. L. Love - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (4):377-384.
    Smokers and nonsmokers possess equal rights but those rights conflict with each other in the use of shared facilities. Medical research has established that smoking harms not only those who use the product but also those who are passively exposed to it. Laws and private regulation of smoking in shared facilities have resulted in the segregation of smokers from nonsmokers to an outright ban of tobacco use. Such controls have provided unsatisfactory results to both groups. An acceptable ethical (...)
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  47.  35
    Smoking in Public: A Moral Imperative for the Most Toxic of Environmental Wastes.David M. Ludington - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1):23 - 27.
    Cigarette smoke is the most dangerous of the toxic elements in our environment. Smoking is responsible for almost 500 000 deaths each year in the United States — more than any other environmental toxin. The medical evidence is clear, mainstream and sidestream smoke kills people, and anyone who participates in the spreading of this smoke is acting unethically. Yet, when there are no governmental laws that ban smoking in public, most business-people allow smoking in their places of (...)
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  48.  22
    Smoking, Progressive Liberalism, and the Law.Ken I. Kersch - 2004 - Critical Review 16 (4):405-429.
    In his dissection of the 1998 tobacco settlements, W. Kip Viscusi provides a window on how the ostensibly liberal public philosophy behind the modern American regulatory state betrays its foundational commitments. Animated by a moralizing concern with preventing harm to self, and a leftist antagonism towards corporate capitalism,?progressive liberalism? at first foundered in its war against the tobacco industry in the face of traditional liberal counterarguments about individual autonomy, knowledge of risk, and choice. Only when progressive liberals translated their paternalist (...)
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  49.  4
    Higher Behavioral Profile of Mindfulness and Psychological Flexibility is Related to Reduced Impulsivity in Smokers, and Reduced Risk Aversion Regardless of Smoking Status.Paweł Ostaszewski, Joanna Dudek, Wojciech Białaszek & Przemysław Marcowski - 2017 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 48 (4):445-455.
    Empirical evidence suggests that mindfulness, psychological flexibility, and addiction are interrelated in decision making. In our study, we investigated the relationship of the behavioral profile, composed of mindfulness and psychological flexibility, and smoking status on delay and probability discounting. We demonstrated the interaction of the behavioral profile of mindfulness and psychological flexibility and smoking status on delay discounting. We found that individuals who smoked and displayed higher mindfulness and psychological flexibility devalued rewards at a slower rate, compared to (...)
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    Lifestyle Vaccines and Public Health: Exploring Policy Options for a Vaccine to Stop Smoking.Anna Wolters, Guido de Wert, Onno C. P. van Schayck & Klasien Horstman - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (2):183-197.
    Experimental vaccines are being developed for the treatment of ‘unhealthy lifestyles’ and associated chronic illnesses. Policymakers and other stakeholders will have to deal with the ethical issues that this innovation path raises: are there morally justified reasons to integrate these innovative biotechnologies in future health policies? Should public money be invested in further research? Focusing on the case of an experimental nicotine vaccine, this article explores the ethical aspects of ‘lifestyle vaccines’ for public health. Based on findings from a qualitative (...)
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