Results for 'rationality of belief'

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  1.  27
    Rethinking the Debriefing Paradigm: The Rationality of Belief Perseverance.David Godden - 2012 - Logos and Episteme 3 (1):51-74.
    By examining particular cases of belief perseverance following the undermining of their original evidentiary grounds, this paper considers two theories of rational belief revision: foundation and coherence. Gilbert Harman has argued for coherence over foundationalism on the grounds that the foundations theory absurdly deems most of our beliefs to be not rationally held. A consequence of the unacceptability of foundationalism is that belief perseverance is rational. This paper defends the intuitive judgement that belief perseverance is irrational (...)
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  2. The Rationality of Belief and Other Propositional Attitudes.Thomas Kelly - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 110 (2):163-96.
    In this paper, I explore the question of whether the expected consequences of holding a belief can affect the rationality of doing so. Special attention is given to various ways in which one might attempt to exert some measure of control over what one believes and the normative status of the beliefs that result from the successful execution of such projects. I argue that the lessons which emerge from thinking about the case ofbelief have important implications for the (...)
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  3.  29
    Bayle on the (Ir)Rationality of Religious Belief.Kristen Irwin - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (6):560-569.
    Bayle's conception of reason is notoriously difficult to unravel, as are its consequences for the rationality of religious belief. The secondary literature has generally coalesced around two interpretations of Bayle's conception of reason. The “superskeptical” interpretation holds that reason is the source of its own undoing, not to be trusted; religious belief turns out to be irrational on this conception of reason, but this is hardly cause for alarm. The jusqu'au bout (to the very end) interpretation holds (...)
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  4.  40
    Paradoxes of Belief and Strategic Rationality.Robert C. Koons - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book develops a framework for analysing strategic rationality, a notion central to contemporary game theory, which is the formal study of the interaction of rational agents and which has proved extremely fruitful in economics, political theory and business management. The author argues that a logical paradox lies at the root of a number of persistent puzzles in game theory, in particular those concerning rational agents who seek to establish some kind of reputation. Building on the work of Parsons, (...)
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  5.  29
    The Rationality of Belief and Some Other Propositional Attitudes.Thomas Kelly - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 110 (2):163-196.
    In this paper, I explore the question of whether the expected consequences of holding a belief can affect the rationality of doing so. Special attention is given to various ways in which one might attempt to exert some measure of control over what one believes and the normative status of the beliefs that result from the successful execution of such projects. I argue that the lessons which emerge from thinking about the case of belief have important implications (...)
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  6.  54
    Rationality of Belief Or: Why Savage's Axioms Are Neither Necessary nor Sufficient for Rationality[REVIEW]Itzhak Gilboa, Andrew Postlewaite & David Schmeidler - 2012 - Synthese 187 (1):11-31.
    Economic theory reduces the concept of rationality to internal consistency. As far as beliefs are concerned, rationality is equated with having a prior belief over a “Grand State Space”, describing all possible sources of uncertainties. We argue that this notion is too weak in some senses and too strong in others. It is too weak because it does not distinguish between rational and irrational beliefs. Relatedly, the Bayesian approach, when applied to the Grand State Space, is inherently (...)
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  7.  9
    A Defense of First and Second-Order Theism: The Limits of Empirical Inquiry and the Rationality of Religious Belief.Charles Taliaferro & Christophe Porot - 2016 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 8 (3):213.
    We argue that the use of the term “supernatural‘ is problematic in philosophy of religion in general, and in the contribution by Thornhill-Miller and Millican in particular. We address the disturbing parallel between Hume’s case against the rationality of belief in miracles and his dismissal of reports of racial equality. We do not argue that because Hume was a racist therefore his view against miracles is faulty, but we draw attention to how Hume sets up a framework that, (...)
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  8. The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief.Michael C. Banner - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
    In this critical examination of recent accounts of the nature of science and of its justification given by Kuhn, Popper, Lakatos, Laudan, and Newton-Smith, Banner contends that models of scientific rationality which are used in criticism of religious beliefs are in fact often inadequate as accounts of the nature of science. He argues that a realist philosophy of science both reflects the character of science and scientific justifications, and suggests that religious belief could be given a justification of (...)
     
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  9.  8
    Experience of God an the Rationality of Theistic Belief.Jerome I. Gellman - 1997 - Cornell Up.
    Introduction i This work is a sustained argument for the rationality of belief in God based on the evidence that across various religions down through history people seem to have experienced God.1 If we conf1ne ourselves to rationality ...
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  10.  28
    Belief, Apparitions, and Rationality: The Social Scientific Study of Religion After Wittgenstein. [REVIEW]Edward Berryman - 2005 - Human Studies 28 (1):15 - 39.
    The goal I pursue is to redefine the study of religious epistemology on the basis of an ethnomethodological extension of Wittgenstein. This approach shows that the nature of religious belief and its relation to facts, proofs, and empirical reality are matters that are dealt with by ordinary members of society. The examination of this lay epistemology reveals that – far from being a settled and established entity – religious belief is a polymorphous phenomenon. Religious belief is a (...)
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  11.  1
    Bayle on the Rationality of Religious Belief.Kristen Irwin - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (6):560-569.
    Bayle's conception of reason is notoriously difficult to unravel, as are its consequences for the rationality of religious belief. The secondary literature has generally coalesced around two interpretations of Bayle's conception of reason. The “superskeptical” interpretation holds that reason is the source of its own undoing, not to be trusted; religious belief turns out to be irrational on this conception of reason, but this is hardly cause for alarm. The jusqu'au bout interpretation holds that reason is to (...)
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  12. On the Rationality of Belief-Invariance in Light of Peer Disagreement.B. Lam - 2011 - Philosophical Review 120 (2):207-245.
    This paper considers two questions. First, what is the scope of the Equal Weight View? Is it the case that meeting halfway is the uniquely rational method of belief-revision in all cases of known peer disagreement? The answer is no. It is sometimes rational to maintain your own opinion in the face of peer disagreement. But this leaves open the possibility that the Equal Weight View is indeed sometimes the uniquely rational method of belief revision. Precisely what is (...)
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  13.  1
    Courting Epistemology: Legal Scholarship, the Courts, and the Rationality of Religious Belief.Jonathan Fuqua & Shannon Holzer - 2014 - Oxford Journal of Law and Religion 3 (2):195-211.
    What we here show is two-fold. First, there is in certain sectors of the legal community a trend to pronounce negatively on the epistemic credentials of religious belief: many hold that religious belief as such is simply irrational. Our second claim is simply that religious belief need not be irrational: it is perfectly possible for religious believers to have epistemically justified religious beliefs. We discuss here several implications of our two-fold claim. The most important of these is (...)
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  14.  9
    Conditions of Rationality for the Concepts Belief, Knowledge, and Assumption.Paul Weingartner - 1982 - Dialectica 36 (2‐3):243-263.
    SummaryIn the first part of the paper necessary conditions for the rationality of the notions of belief, knowledge, and assumption are given: Among the different conditions it is stressed that one needs two different concepts of belief, one such that if someone knows something he also believes it, the other exclusive such that if someone knows something he need not to believe it and if he believes it he does not yet know it. Another important point is (...)
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  15. The Rationality of Belief in God.George I. Mavrodes - 1970 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
    Is the nonexistence of God conceivable? By St. Anselm.--Five proofs of God's existence, by St. Thomas Aquinas.--Comments on St. Thomas' Five ways, by F. C. Copleston.--Two proofs of God's existence, by A. E. Taylor.--God's existence as a postulate of morality, by I. Kant.--The existence of God, by J. J. C. Smart.--The problem of evil, by D. Hume.--The experience of God, by J. Baille.--Instinct, experience, and theistic belief, by C. S. Pierce.--The ethics of belief, by W. K. Clifford.--The will (...)
     
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  16.  29
    Professor Bartley's Theory of Rationality and Religious Belief.W. D. Hudson - 1973 - Religious Studies 9 (3):339 - 350.
    In The Retreat to Commitment , Professor W. W. Bartley III argues for a certain theory of rationality and contends that by this criterion it is not possible for a christian theist to be rational. His theory of rationality has already aroused considerable criticism, but his application of it to religious belief in particular, has not hitherto been widely considered.
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  17.  15
    The Rationality of Belief in God.Michael R. DePaul - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (3):343 - 356.
    The major purpose of Hans Kung's SOO-page book entitled Does God Exist? is to show that belief in the Christian God is rationally justifiable. Given the title, purpose and size of the book, I was surprised by many of the things the book does not contain. It gives little attention and offers no solution to the problem of evil; it deals briefly with the traditional proofs for God, devoting at most one page each to the cosmological, teleological, ontological and (...)
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  18.  32
    The 'Ethics of Belief and Education in Science and Morals.M. A. B. Degenhardt - 1986 - Journal of Moral Education 15 (2):109-118.
    Educational worries about indoctrination are linked to matters of rationality and of the ethics of belief. These are both threatened by too 'open' approaches to moral education and by too 'closed' approaches to science education. The moral importance of what is involved points to the need to inform the teaching of all disciplines by reflection on their rational foundations.
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  19.  22
    God's Nature and the Rationality of Religious Belief.Chris Eberle - 1997 - Faith and Philosophy 14 (2):152-169.
    If something like Reformed Epistemology is correct, an agent is innocent in regarding certain ways of forming beliefs to be reliable until those ways have been proven guilty. An important species of argument purporting to show guilt (1) identifies the ways of forming beliefs at the core of our cognitive activity, (2) isolates the features of our core practices which account for their reliability, and (3) determines whether or not peripheral practices which ought to have those features enjoy at least (...)
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  20.  3
    The Rationality of Theistic Belief and the Concept of Truth.Lorenz B. Puntel - 1999 - In G. Bruntrup & R. K. Tacelli (eds.), The Rationality of Theism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 39--60.
  21. The Rationality of Theistic Belief and the Concept of Truth.G. Briintrup & R. Tacelli - 1999 - In G. Bruntrup & R. K. Tacelli (eds.), The Rationality of Theism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 19--39.
     
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  22.  60
    A Proper de Jure Objection to the Epistemic Rationality of Religious Belief.Todd R. Long - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (3):375-394.
    I answer Alvin Plantinga's challenge to provide a 'proper' de jure objection to religious belief. What I call the 'sophisticates' evidential objection' (SEO) concludes that sophisticated Christians lack epistemic justification for believing central Christian propositions. The SEO utilizes a theory of epistemic justification in the spirit of the evidentialism of Richard Feldman and Earl Conee. I defend philosophical interest in the SEO (and its underlying evidentialism) against objections from Reformed epistemology, by addressing Plantinga's criteria for a proper de jure (...)
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  23.  6
    A Proper de Jure Objection to the Epistemic Rationality of Religious Belief: TODD R. LONG.Todd R. Long - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (3):375-394.
    I answer Alvin Plantinga's challenge to provide a ‘proper’ de jure objection to religious belief. What I call the ‘sophisticates’ evidential objection' concludes that sophisticated Christians lack epistemic justification for believing central Christian propositions. The SEO utilizes a theory of epistemic justification in the spirit of the evidentialism of Richard Feldman and Earl Conee. I defend philosophical interest in the SEO against objections from Reformed epistemology, by addressing Plantinga's criteria for a proper de jure objection, his anti-evidentialist arguments, and (...)
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  24.  63
    Religious Pluralism and the Rationality of Religious Belief.John Hick - 1993 - Faith and Philosophy 10 (2):242-249.
    The view that religious experience is a valid ground of basic religious beliefs inevitably raises the problem of the apparently incompatible belief-systems arising from different forms of religious experience. David Basinger's and William Alston's responses to the problem present the Christian belief-system as the sole exception to the general rule that religious experience gives rise to false beliefs. A more convincing response presents it as an exemplification of the general rule that religious experience gives rise (subject to possible (...)
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  25.  27
    Deciding to Believe: The Ethics and Rationality of Religious Belief.John Bishop - 1995 - Sophia 34 (1):9-31.
    A Jamesian defence of a moderate fideism which holds that acceptance of (religious) belief beyond, though not contrary to, the evidence is morally permissible--though only under quite tight conditions, which, I argue, include the requirement that the "passional basis" for such acceptance must itself be morally admirable. The claim that "suprarational" faith is virtuous thus remains open, even though vindicated against the objection that believing beyond the evidence is always vicious. I also explore the extent to which the proposal (...)
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  26.  8
    The Rationality of Belief in God.David Basinger - 1986 - New Scholasticism 60 (2):163-185.
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  27. The Rationality of Belief & the Plurality of Faith Essays in Honor of William P. Alston.William P. Alston & Thomas D. Senor - 1995
  28.  3
    Belief, Apparitions, and Rationality: The Social Scientific Study of Religion After Wittgenstein1.Edward Berryman - 2005 - Human Studies 28 (1):15-39.
    The goal I pursue is to redefine the study of religious epistemology on the basis of an ethnomethodological extension of Wittgenstein. This approach shows that the nature of religious belief and its relation to facts, proofs, and empirical reality are matters that are dealt with by ordinary members of society. The examination of this lay epistemology reveals that -- far from being a settled and established entity -- religious belief is a polymorphous phenomenon. Religious belief is a (...)
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  29.  2
    The Rationality of Belief in God: MICHAEL R. DEPAUL.Michael R. Depaul - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (3):343-356.
    In the introduction to his account of the debate concerning religion between Cleanthes, Philo and Demea, Pamphilus remarks that ‘reasonable men may be allowed to differ where no one can reasonably be positive’. Pamphilus goes on to suggest that natural theology is an area that abounds with issues about which ‘no one can reasonably be positive’. Assuming that the beliefs of reasonable men are themselves reasonable, Pamphilus can be interpreted as holding that If no one is reasonably positive that the (...)
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  30.  39
    Rationality of Belief Or: Why Savage’s Axioms Are Neither Necessary nor Sufficient for Rationality.Itzhak Gilboa, Andrew Postlewaite & David Schmeidler - 2012 - Synthese 187 (1):11-31.
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  31.  33
    Experience of God and the Rationality of Theistic Belief.Barry Miller - 1998 - International Philosophical Quarterly 38 (2):206-208.
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  32.  9
    The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief.Desmond M. Clarke - 1992 - Philosophical Studies 33:325-328.
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  33.  11
    The Rationality of Belief In God.David Ray Griffin - 1984 - Faith and Philosophy 1 (1):16-26.
  34.  12
    The Rationality of Belief and the Plurality of Faith.David P. Hunt - 1998 - Faith and Philosophy 15 (3):387-394.
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  35. The Rationality of Belief in God: Some Clarifications.David Basinger - 1986 - New Scholasticism 60 (2):163-185.
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  36. The Rationality of Belief and the Plurality of Faith.Thomas D. Senor (ed.) - 1996 - Cornell University Press.
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  37.  9
    Uniqueness, Rationality, and the Norm of Belief.Nick Hughes - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-19.
    I argue that it is epistemically permissible to believe that P when it is epistemically rational to believe that P. Unlike previous defenses of this claim, this argument is not vulnerable to the claim that permissibility is being confused with excusability.
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  38.  29
    Rationality, Scientific Growth, and Large-Scale Systems of Belief.Andrew Lugg - 1983 - der 16. Weltkongress Für Philosophie 2:822-829.
    The argument of this paper is that Kuhn's account of rational theory choice is too permissive and that an account that recognizes the large-scale nature of the system of scientific beliefs is more plausible and has more practical force.
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  39.  20
    Trusting Others, Trusting God: Concepts of Belief, Faith, and Rationality.Sheela Pawar - 2009 - Ashgate.
    Trusting Others, Trusting God is an investigation of the concepts of moral and religious trust.
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  40.  44
    Toward a Unified Theory of Rationality in Belief, Desire, and Action, Rev. Nov. 2010.Peter A. Railton - unknown
    Preliminary draft of November 2010???please do not circulate without permission.
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  41. The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief.Michael C. Banner - 1992 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 32 (3):188-190.
     
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  42.  15
    Experience of God and the Rationality of Theistic Belief.Andrew V. Jeffery - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (1):149-150.
  43. Rationality, Religious Belief, and Moral Commitment: New Essays in the Philosophy of Religion.Robert Audi & William J. Wainwright (eds.) - 1986 - Cornell University Press.
  44. Rationality, Religious Belief and Moral Commitment: New Essays in the Philosophy of Religion.Robert Audi & William J. Wainwright - 1988 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 23 (2):114-117.
     
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  45. Pt. 2. The Relation of Beliefs to Evidence. Theistic Proofs, Person Relativity, and the Rationality of Religious Belief.William J. Wainwright - 2011 - In Kelly James Clark & Raymond J. VanArragon (eds.), Evidence and Religious Belief. Oxford University Press.
  46.  18
    Jerome I. Gellman, Experience of God and the Rationality of Theistic Belief.C. Robert Mesle - 1999 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 46 (1):55-58.
  47.  1
    Gilson o Racjonalności Wiary Chrześcijańskiej / Gilson on the Rationality of Christian Belief.Curtis L. Hancock - 2013 - Studia Gilsoniana 2:131-143.
    The underlying skepticism of ancient Greek culture made it unreceptive of philosophy. It was the Catholic Church that embraced philosophy. Still, Étienne Gilson reminds us in Reason and Revelation in the Middle Ages that some early Christians rejected philosophy. Their rejection was based on fideism: the view that faith alone provides knowledge. Philosophy is unnecessary and dangerous, fideists argue, because anything known by reason can be better known by faith, and reason, on account of the sin of pride, seeks to (...)
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  48.  1
    Gilson on the Rationality of Christian Belief.Curtis L. Hancock - 2012 - Studia Gilsoniana 1:29-44.
    The underlying skepticism of ancient Greek culture made it unreceptive of philosophy. It was the Catholic Church that embraced philosophy. Still, Étienne Gilson reminds us in Reason and Revelation in the Middle Ages that some early Christians rejected philosophy. Their rejection was based on fideism: the view that faith alone provides knowledge. Philosophy is unnecessary and dangerous, fideists argue, because anything known by reason can be better known by faith, and reason, on account of the sin of pride, seeks to (...)
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  49. Experience of God and the Rationality of Theistic Belief.Jerome I. Gellman - 1999 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 46 (1):55-58.
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  50. The Rationality of Religious Belief: Essays in Honour of Basil Mitchell.Basil Mitchell, William J. Abraham & Steven W. Holtzer (eds.) - 1987 - Oxford University Press.
    These essays represent an important contribution to modern philosophical theology. They begin with an appreciation of Basil Mitchell's work and then discuss the role of reason in the justification of Christian theism, giving special attention to the nature of informal reasoning in religion and science. The latter essays examine particular arguments raised by specific religious concepts, covering such topics as the problem of evil, conspicuous sanctity, atonement, and the Eucharist. Drawn from a wide spectrum of philosophers and theologians, the contributors (...)
     
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