Results for 'rule utilitarianism'

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  1.  54
    On Knaves and Rules. (An Approach to the 'Sensible Knave' Problem From a Tempered Rule Utilitarianism).José L. Tasset - 2011 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 52:117-140.
    In the attempt of defending an interpretation of David Hume's moral and political philosophy connected to classical utilitarianism, intervenes in a key way the so called problem of the " Sensitive Knave " raised by this author at the end of his more utilitarian work, the Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals. According to the classic interpretation of this fragment, the utilitarian rationality in politics would clash with morality turning useless the latter. Therefore, in the political area the defense (...)
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  2. On the Incoherence Objection to Rule-Utilitarianism.Alex Rajczi - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (4):857-876.
    For a long time many philosophers felt the incoherence objection was a decisive objection to rule-consequentialism, but that position has recently become less secure, because Brad Hooker has offered a clever new way for rule-consequentialists to avoid the incoherence objection. Hooker’s response defeats traditional forms of the incoherence objection, but this paper argues that another version of the problem remains. Several possible solutions fail. One other does not, but it introduces other problems into the theory. I conclude that (...)
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  3. Two Concepts of Rule Utilitarianism.Rex Martin - 2008 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (2):227-255.
    The notion of rule utilitarianism (a twentieth-century addition to the canon of utilitarian thought) has been discussed under two main headings—ideal-rule utilitarianism and 'indirect' utilitarianism. The distinction between them is often hazy. But we can sketch out each perspective along three different dimensions, contrasting the two conceptions of rule utilitarianism at each of three main hinge points: (1) the grounding of rules, (2) the allowed complexity of rules, (3) the conflict of rules. These (...)
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  4.  52
    Introducing Variable-Rate Rule-Utilitarianism.Michael Ridge - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (223):242 - 253.
    The basic idea of rule-utilitarianism is that right action should be defined in terms of what would be required by rules which would maximize either actual or expected utility if those rules gained general acceptance, or perhaps general compliance. Rule-utilitarians face a dilemma. They must characterize 'general acceptance' either as 100% acceptance, or as something less. On the first horn of the dilemma, rule-utilitarianism in vulnerable to the charge of utopianism; on the second, it is (...)
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  5. Variable Versus Fixed-Rate Rule-Utilitarianism.Brad Hooker & Guy Fletcher - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (231):344–352.
    Fixed-rate versions of rule-consequentialism and rule-utilitarianism evaluate rules in terms of the expected net value of one particular level of social acceptance, but one far enough below 100% social acceptance to make salient the complexities created by partial compliance. Variable-rate versions of rule-consequentialism and rule-utilitarianism instead evaluate rules in terms of their expected net value at all different levels of social acceptance. Brad Hooker has advocated a fixed-rate version. Michael Ridge has argued that the (...)
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  6. Rule Utilitarianism, Equality, and Justice.John C. Harsanyi - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (2):115.
    Utilitarianism and the Concept of Social Utility In this paper I propose to discuss the concepts of equality and justice from a rule utilitarian point of view, after some comments on the rule utilitarian point of view itself. Let me start with the standard definitions. Act utilitarianism is the theory that a morally right action is one that in the existing situation will produce the highest expected social utility. In contrast, rule utilitarianism is the (...)
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  7.  15
    Rule Utilitarianism, Equality, and Justice: JOHN C. HARSANYI.John C. Harsanyi - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (2):115-127.
    Utilitarianism and the Concept of Social Utility In this paper I propose to discuss the concepts of equality and justice from a rule utilitarian point of view, after some comments on the rule utilitarian point of view itself. Let me start with the standard definitions. Act utilitarianism is the theory that a morally right action is one that in the existing situation will produce the highest expected social utility. In contrast, rule utilitarianism is the (...)
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  8.  19
    Rule Utilitarianism and Cumulative-Effect Utilitarianism.Jonathan Harrison - 1979 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (sup1):21-45.
    The author distinguishes between rule utilitarianism, Ideal-Rule utilitarianism and cumulative-Effect utilitarianism. He gives six reasons for rejecting the former two theories, And argues that cumulative-Effect utilitarianism escapes these difficulties. In particular, It does not reduce to rule utilitarianism. The author explains the connection between cumulative-Effect utilitarianism and justice, Elucidates its account of what makes a characteristic a morally relevant one, And explains why rules are likely to produce a crucial situation to (...)
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  9.  26
    Harsanyi's Critical Rule Utilitarianism.Richard J. Stefanik - 1981 - Theory and Decision 13 (1):71-80.
    In his recent book,Rational Behaviour and Bargaining Equilibrium In Games and Social Situations, John C. Harsanyi devotes a chapter to his new theory of morality, which he calls ‘Critical Rule Utilitarianism’, and which contains his solution to the problem of the interpersonal comparison of utility. After a detailed exposition of his theory, arguments will be presented to show that:there are certain formal difficulties in the solution that he offers which leads to a rejection of the axiom that there (...)
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  10.  35
    Rule Utilitarianism in Partial Compliance Theory.B. C. Postow - 1978 - Analysis 38 (4):187 - 193.
    Rule utilitarianism as commonly formulated has the undesired implication that in case wrong has been done, Any act whatsoever is right. This is due to the fact that in setting the criterion for a set of rules which confers rightness, Rule utilitarians fail to require that obedience to the rules in situations of less than universal obedience must result in the most good attainable in those situations. I suggest a rule-Utilitarian criterion which remedies this defect and (...)
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  11.  24
    Motilal Shastri's “Rule Utilitarianism”.Richard M. Fox - 1986 - Philosophy Research Archives 12:155-162.
    Motilal Shastri developed an ethical theory which closely resembles rule utilitarianism at roughly the same time as and yet in complete independence of English-speaking philosophers. The philosophic significance of his view lies in the manner in which he develops and justifies his position. Shastri contends that efficiency in action requires indifference or inattention to ends. He appears to use the same device for justifying rule-governed duties that Mill uses to justify a move from egoism to altruism: that (...)
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  12. Motilal Shastri’s “Rule Utilitarianism”.Richard M. Fox - 1986 - Philosophy Research Archives 12:155-162.
    Motilal Shastri developed an ethical theory which closely resembles rule utilitarianism at roughly the same time as and yet in complete independence of English-speaking philosophers. The philosophic significance of his view lies in the manner in which he develops and justifies his position. Shastri contends that efficiency in action requires indifference or inattention to ends. He appears to use the same device for justifying rule-governed duties that Mill uses to justify a move from egoism to altruism: that (...)
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  13. Rule-Utilitarianism and the Slippery Slope.Gregory W. Trianosky - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (8):414-424.
    It is sometimes said that permitting, say, voluntary euthanasia would erode the motivations and inhibitions supporting other, legitimate prohibitions on killing to the point where widespread disregard for the moral law would result. this paper discusses the relevance of such "slippery slope" arguments for the rule-utilitarian who claims that we can assess moral rules by asking whether their acceptance would maximize utility. first it is argued that any normative theory of this type cannot recognize slope arguments as legitimate considerations (...)
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  14. Rule Utilitarianism and Decision Theory.JohnC Harsanyi - 1977 - Erkenntnis 11 (1):25 - 53.
    The purpose of this paper is to show how some of the controversial questions concerning utilitarianism can be clarified by the modelling techniques and the other analytical tools of decision theory (and, sometimes, of game theory). It is suggested that the moral rules of utilitarian ethics have a logical status similar to that of the normative rules (theorems) of such formal normative disciplines as decision theory and game theory.The paper argues that social utility should be defined, not in hedonistic (...)
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  15.  83
    Conscience (Rule) Utilitarianism and the Criminal Law.R. B. Brandt - 1995 - Law and Philosophy 14 (1):65 - 89.
    A rule- utilitarian appraisal of criminal law requires that the total system, including punishments, is justified only if it will expectably maximize public benefit, including its stigmatizing some behaviors as "offenses" and its prescribed punishment of these, such as imprisonment, with (possible) deterrent effects. In view of the paucity of evidence about the deterrent effect of prison sentences, some changes seem to be in order: reduction in the length of incarceration, replacement of prison by fines or restrictions on the (...)
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  16.  6
    Ideal Rule Utilitarianism and the Content of Duty.J. Brenton Stearns - 1965 - Kant-Studien 56 (1):53-70.
    This is an attempt to understand the ethics of leonard nelson as dealing with some of the same problems arising from kant's moral philosophy as have concerned the rule utilitarians in anglo-American philosophy. In particular, They share the attempt to provide a rationale for specific duties in terms of ends to be achieved, And they try to correct what they see as excessive rigidity and formalism in the kantian imperatives.
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  17. Actual Rule Utilitarianism.Richard B. Miller - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy 106 (1):5-28.
  18.  54
    Bayesian Decision Theory, Rule Utilitarianism, and Arrow's Impossibility Theorem.John C. Harsanyi - 1979 - Theory and Decision 11 (3):289-317.
  19. Utilitarianism, Act and Rule.Stephen Nathanson - 2014 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Act and Rule Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Like other forms of consequentialism, its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects. More specifically, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they […].
     
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  20.  71
    Rule Utilitarianism, Rights, Obligations and the Theory of Rational Behavior.John C. Harsanyi - 1980 - Theory and Decision 12 (2):115-133.
  21.  89
    Rule-Utilitarianism: Merely an Illusory Alternative?Allan F. Gibbard - 1965 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 43 (2):211 – 220.
  22. The Immortality of Utilitarianism and the Escapism of Rule-Utilitarianism.George C. Kerner - 1971 - Philosophical Quarterly 21 (82):36-50.
  23.  2
    Rule Utilitarianism: A Merely Illusory Alternative?Allen F. Gibbard - 1965 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 43:211.
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  24. Rule-Utilitarianism and "Two Concepts of Rules".L. Burkholder - 1975 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 56 (2):195.
     
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  25. Act-Utilitarianism and Rule-Utilitarianism.J. J. C. Smart - 1997 - In Thomas L. Carson & Paul K. Moser (eds.), Morality and the Good Life. Oup Usa.
     
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  26.  82
    Rule-Utilitarianism and Randomization.David P. Gauthier - 1965 - Analysis 25 (3):68 - 69.
  27.  72
    A Defense of Rule Utilitarianism Against David Lyons Who Insists on Tieing It to Act Utilitarianism, Plus a Brand New Way of Checking Out General Utilitarian Properties.Gertrude Ezorsky - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (18):533 - 544.
  28.  69
    Act Vs. Rule-Utilitarianism.Donald C. Emmons - 1973 - Mind 82 (326):226-233.
  29.  33
    Rule-Utilitarianism.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1968 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 46 (2):146 – 165.
  30.  37
    On the Viability of a Rule Utilitarianism.Daniel E. Palmer - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (1):31-42.
  31.  36
    Mill, Rule Utilitarianism, and the Incoherence Objection.Dale E. Miller - 2011 - In Ben Eggleston, Dale E. Miller & D. Weinstein (eds.), John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life. Oxford University Press. pp. 94.
  32.  26
    Rule Utilitarianism, Rational Decision and Obligations.Lanning Sowden - 1984 - Theory and Decision 17 (2):177-192.
  33.  18
    Rule-Utilitarianism and Hume's Theory of Justice.Alistair Macleod - 1981 - Hume Studies 7 (1):74-84.
  34.  35
    “Is Rule Utilitarianism Too Restricted?”.R. David Broiles - 1964 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 2 (4):180-187.
  35.  10
    Rule Utilitarianism.Brad Hooker - unknown
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  36.  18
    Rex Martin on Mill and Rule Utilitarianism.Larry James - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (2):5-8.
  37.  39
    The Equivalence of Act and Rule Utilitarianism.Boruch A. Brody - 1967 - Philosophical Studies 18 (6):81 - 87.
  38.  33
    Brandt's New Defense of Rule Utilitarianism.Judith Wagner Decew - 1983 - Philosophical Studies 43 (1):101 - 116.
  39.  10
    Two Concepts of Rule Utilitarianism: The Case of Mill.Rex Martin - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (1):49-58.
  40.  18
    Justice and Rule Utilitarianism.Edwin Hartman - 1996 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:44-47.
  41.  23
    The Intelligibility of Rule Utilitarianism.Lawrence Davis - 1973 - Philosophical Studies 24 (5):343 - 349.
  42.  16
    Distributive Justice and Rule Utilitarianism.Nolan Kaiser - 1971 - Philosophical Studies 20:144-151.
  43.  6
    Two Concepts of Rule Utilitarianism.Rex Martin - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (1):49-58.
  44.  14
    Firth's Critique of Epistemological Rule-Utilitarianism.Robert K. Shope - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):129-135.
  45.  13
    Rule-Utilitarianism and Criminal Reform.Milton Goldinger - 1967 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 5 (2):103-109.
  46.  8
    More on the Equivalence of Act and Rule Utilitarianism.George B. Wall - 1971 - Philosophical Studies 22 (5-6):91 - 95.
  47. Mill's Rule Utilitarianism in Context.Rex Martin - 2010 - In Ben Eggleston, Dale E. Miller & D. Weinstein (eds.), John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life. Oxford University Press.
  48.  1
    Is Rule Utilitarianism Too Restricted?R. David Broiles - 1964 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 2 (4):180-187.
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  49.  1
    Firth's Critique of Epistemological Rule-Utilitarianism.Robert K. Shope - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):129-135.
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  50.  4
    Acceptance and the Problem of Slippery-Slope Insensitivity in Rule-Utilitarianism.L. A. Whitt - 1984 - Dialogue 23 (4):649-660.
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