Results for 'scientific inquiry'

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  1.  60
    Exploring Scientific Inquiry via Agent-Based Modelling.Dunja Šešelja - 2021 - Perspectives on Science 29 (4):537-557.
    In this paper I examine the epistemic function of agent-based models of scientific inquiry, proposed in the recent philosophical literature. In view of Boero and Squazzoni’s classification of ABMs into case-based models, typifications and theoretical abstractions, I argue that proposed ABMs of scientific inquiry largely belong to the last category. While this means that their function is primarily exploratory, I suggest that they are epistemically valuable not only as a temporary stage in the development of ABMs (...)
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  2.  35
    Understanding Scientific Inquiries of Galileo’s Formulation for the Law of Free Falling Motion.Jun-Young Oh - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (4):567-578.
    The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of the role of abstraction and idealization in Galileo’s scientific inquiries into the law of free falling motion, and their importance in the history of science. Because there is no consensus on the use of the terms “abstraction” and “idealization” in the literature, it is necessary to distinguish between them at the outset. This paper will argue for the importance of abstraction and idealization in physics and the theories (...)
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  3.  66
    Scientific inquiry: readings in the philosophy of science.Robert Klee (ed.) - 1999 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science features an impressive collection of classical and contemporary readings on a wide range of issues in the philosophy of science. The volume is organized into six sections, each with its own introduction, and includes a general introduction that situates the philosophy of science in relation to other areas of intellectual inquiry. The selections focus on the main issues in the field, including the structure of scientific theories, models of (...)
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  4. Scientific inquiry: invention and test".Carl G. Hempel - 2013 - In Jeffrey Foss (ed.), Science and the World: Philosophical Approaches. Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
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  5.  26
    Scientific Inquiry and the Evolution of Language.Jeffrey Barrett - 2021 - In Wenceslao J. Gonzalez (ed.), Language and Scientific Research. Springer Verlag. pp. 121-147.
    Empirical inquiry involves the coevolution of predictive theory and descriptive language. Here we consider how one might model this coevolution using the tools of evolutionary game theory. We will see how subsequently evolved languages might exhibit semantic drift, invention, and discard. These evolutionary models also illustrate how subsequently evolved languages might be incommensurable yet nevertheless provide faithful descriptions of nature. Finally, we will consider how a model for the coevolution of predictive theory and descriptive language accounts for endogenous epistemic (...)
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  6.  42
    Elements of Scientific Inquiry.Eric Martin & Daniel N. Osherson - 1998 - MIT Press.
    Eric Martin and Daniel N. Osherson present a theory of inductive logic built on model theory. Their aim is to extend the mathematics of Formal Learning Theory to a more general setting and to provide a more accurate image of empirical inquiry. The formal results of their study illuminate aspects of scientific inquiry that are not covered by the commonly applied Bayesian approach.
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  7.  39
    Formal Models of Scientific Inquiry in a Social Context: An Introduction.Dunja Šešelja, Christian Straßer & AnneMarie Borg - 2020 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 51 (2):211-217.
    Formal models of scientific inquiry, aimed at capturing socio-epistemic aspects underlying the process of scientific research, have become an important method in formal social epistemology and philosophy of science. In this introduction to the special issue we provide a historical overview of the development of formal models of this kind and analyze their methodological contributions to discussions in philosophy of science. In particular, we show that their significance consists in different forms of ‘methodological iteration’ whereby the models (...)
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  8.  46
    Scientific Inquiry as a Self-correcting Process.Paul Forster - 2002 - The Commens Encyclopedia: The Digital Encyclopedia of Peirce Studies.
    Peirce claims that the methods of abduction, deduction and induction are jointly sufficient for the attainment of truth, regardless of the state of belief from which inquiry begins. This article summarizes Peirce’s defence of the thesis that the scientific method is self-corrective and addresses common mistakes in its interpretation.
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  9. Scientific Inquiry. Readings in the Philosophy of Science.Robert Klee - 2001 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 191 (2):259-259.
     
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  10.  52
    Creativity and Yóu: the Zhuāngzǐ and scientific inquiry.Julianne Chung - 2022 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 12 (2):1-26.
    Might traditional Chinese thought regarding creativity not just influence, but also enrich, contemporary European thought about the same? Moreover, is it possible that traditional Chinese thought regarding creativity might enrich contemporary thought both in a more broad, holistic sense, and more specifically regarding the nature and role of creativity as it pertains to scientific inquiry? In this paper, I elucidate why the answer to these questions is: yes. I explain in detail a classical Chinese conception of creativity rooted (...)
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  11.  10
    Sex and Scientific Inquiry.Sandra G. Harding & Jean F. O'Barr - 1987
  12.  30
    Understanding Scientific Inquiry.Peter J. Veazie - 2018 - Science and Philosophy 6 (2):3-14.
    Science is a process of inquiry: a process of asking and answering questions. However, a good question is more than an interrogatory, and a good answer is more than information: there are logical constraints that dictate when a question is answerable and what qualifies as an answer. This paper will provide an understanding of when a question is answerable, when a question is not ready to be asked, when a question is trivial, what is required for a response to (...)
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  13.  14
    First-person perspectives and scientific inquiry of autism: towards an integrative approach.Sarah Arnaud - 2023 - Synthese 202 (5):1-23.
    What role should the expertise of the autistic communities play in shaping the category of autism compared to the role played by science? This question led to a debate about the quantitative importance of science compared to first-person perspectives for the understanding of autism. I see this debate as lying on a false dichotomy between science and activism, according to which only scientific inquiry would reveal the empirical nature of autism, while the discourse of autistic communities would construct (...)
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  14.  6
    A sceptical theory of scientific inquiry: problems and their progress.Laurence Barry Briskman - 2020 - Boston: Brill. Edited by Jeremy Shearmur.
    A Sceptical Theory of Scientific Inquiry: Problems and Their Progress presents a distinctive re-interpretation of Popper's 'critical rationalism', displaying the kind of spirit found at the L.S.E. before Popper's retirement. It offers an alternative to interpretations of critical rationalism which have emphasised the significance of research programmes or metaphysics (Lakatos; Nicholas Maxwell), and is closer to the approach of Jagdish Hattiangadi. Briskman gives priority to methodological argument rather than logical formalisms, and takes further his own work on creativity. (...)
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  15.  8
    A Sceptical Theory of Scientific Inquiry: Problems and Their Progress.Jeremy Shearmur (ed.) - 2020 - Boston: BRILL.
    _A Sceptical Theory of Scientific Inquiry: Problems and Their Progress_ presents a striking re-interpretation of Popper’s ‘critical rationalism’. Briskman stresses methodological argument rather than metaphysics, develops a ‘Popperian’ response to the Meno Paradox, and takes further Briskman’s approach to problems concerning creativity.
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  16.  65
    Aristotle’s Scientific Inquiry into Natural Slavery.Joseph A. Karbowski - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):331-353.
  17. The logic of scientific inquiry.Joseph Agassi - 1974 - Synthese 26 (3-4):498 - 514.
    Is methodological theory a priori or a posteriori knowledge? It is perhaps a posteriori improvable, somehow. For example, Duhem discovered that since scientists disagree on methods, they do not always know what they are doing. How is methodological innovation possible? If it is inapplicable in retrospect, then it is not universal and so seems defective; if it is, then there is a miracle here. Even so, the new explicit awareness of rules previously implicitly known is in itself beneficial. And so, (...)
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  18.  20
    Image Dissection in Natural Scientific Inquiry.Klaus Amann & Karin Knorr-Cetina - 1990 - Science, Technology and Human Values 15 (3):259-283.
    Images are objects of work in the laboratory. On its face, this work is achieved through talk Yet the talk attached to these images makes reference to other images, which are drawn from varcous environments. In this article, four such environments are identified: the domain of laboratory practice; the context of invisible physical reactions; the future image as it will appear in publication; and the domain of case precedents and reference scenarios from the field. The work of image analysis brings (...)
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  19.  5
    Hermeneutic Realism: Reality Within Scientific Inquiry.Dimitri Ginev - 2016 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    This study recapitulates basic developments in the tradition of hermeneutic and phenomenological studies of science. It focuses on the ways in which scientific research is committed to the universe of interpretative phenomena. It treats scientific research by addressing its characteristic hermeneutic situations, and uses the following basic argument in this treatment: By demonstrating that science's epistemological identity is not to be spelled out in terms of objectivism, mathematical essentialism, representationalism, and foundationalism, one undermines scientism without succumbing scientific (...)
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  20. Scientific inquiry.Marc Lange - 2009 - In John Shand (ed.), Central Issues of Philosophy. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  21.  57
    Scientific Inquiry: From Metaphors to Abstraction.Natalia Carrillo & Sergio Martínez - 2023 - Perspectives on Science 31 (2):233-261.
    In philosophy of science, abstraction tends to be subsumed under representation, often being described as the omission of a target’s features when it is represented. This approach to abstraction sidesteps cognitive aspects of abstraction processes. However, cognitive aspects of abstraction are important in understanding the role of historically grounded epistemic criteria supporting modeling in science. Drawing on recent work on the relation between metaphor and abstraction, we introduce the concept of paths of abstraction, and use historical and contemporary examples to (...)
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  22.  31
    The First Moment of Scientific Inquiry: C. S. Peirce on the Logic of Abduction.Timothy Shanahan - 1986 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 22 (4):449 - 466.
  23.  29
    Making Quantitative Research Work: From Positivist Dogma to Actual Social Scientific Inquiry.Michael J. Zyphur & Dean C. Pierides - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (1):49-62.
    Researchers misunderstand their role in creating ethical problems when they allow dogmas to purportedly divorce scientists and scientific practices from the values that they embody. Cortina, Edwards, and Powell help us clarify and further develop our position by responding to our critique of, and alternatives to, this misleading separation. In this rebuttal, we explore how the desire to achieve the separation of facts and values is unscientific on the very terms endorsed by its advocates—this separation is refuted by empirical (...)
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  24. Cognitive Structures in Scientific Inquiry: Essays in Debate with Theo Kuipers. Volume 2.Roberto Festa, Atocha Aliseda & Jeanne Peijnenburg (eds.) - 2005 - Rodopi.
    This book is the second of two volumes devoted to the work of Theo Kuipers, a leading Dutch philosopher of science. Philosophers and scientists from all over the world, thirty seven in all, comment on Kuipers’ philosophy, and each of their commentaries is followed by a reply from Kuipers. The present volume is devoted to Kuipers’ neo-classical philosophy of science, as laid down in his Structures in Science . Kuipers defends a dialectical interaction between science and philosophy in that he (...)
     
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  25. Logic and scientific inquiry.Paul R. Durbin - 1968 - Milwaukee,: Bruce Pub. Co..
  26. Scientific inquiry.Carl G. Hempel - 2000 - In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press USA.
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  27. Nicholas Rescher, ed., Scientific Inquiry in Philosophical Perspectives Reviewed by.Niall Shanks - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7 (11):461-462.
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  28. Using scientific inquiry activities in exhibit explanations.Sue Allen - 1997 - Science Education 81 (6):715-734.
  29.  6
    Scientific Inquiry in Philosophical Perspective.Nicholas Rescher (ed.) - 1987 - Upa.
    To find more information on Rowman & Littlefield titles, please visit us at www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  30. The Unity of Scientific Inquiry and Categorial Theory in Artistotle.Jp Anton - 1990 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 121:29-43.
  31.  36
    Realism and openness in scientific inquiry.Thomas F. Torrance - 1988 - Zygon 23 (2):159-169.
    Intrinsic to rigorous knowledge of God is the recognition that positive theological concepts and statements about God arising under the compelling claims of God's reality upon the human mind must have an open revisable structure. A similar combination of critical realism and ontological openness is apparent in the profound change that has taken place in the rational structure of rigorous science from the radical dualism and closed causal system of classical mechanics to the unifying world view and open dynamic field‐theories (...)
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  32.  78
    Reasoning Under Uncertainty: The Role of Two Informal Fallacies in an Emerging Scientific Inquiry.Louise Cummings - 2002 - Informal Logic 22 (2).
    lt is now commonplace in fallacy inquiry for many of the traditional informal fallacies to be viewed as reasonable or nonfallacious modes of argument. Central to this evaluative shift has been the attempt to examine traditional fallacies within their wider contexts of use. However, this pragmatic turn in fallacy evaluation is still in its infancy. The true potential of a contextual approach in the evaluation of the fallacies is yet to be explored. I examine how, in the context of (...)
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  33. Concerning the Unity of Knowledge and the Aim of Scientific Inquiry: A Critique of E.O. Wilson's Consilience Worldview.Carmen Maria Marcous - unknown
    In this paper I set out to problematize what the distinguished evolutionary biologist, Edward O. Wilson, has presented to a popular audience as his consilience worldview. Wilson's consilience worldview is a metaphysical framework that presumes the existence of an underlying unity in the knowledge gleaned from otherwise diverse modes of intellectual inquiry, and details a particular normative approach for its discovery by scientists. After introducing Wilson's consilience worldview (WCW), I review philosophical and historical literature on the role that values (...)
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  34. Science as Social Knowledge: Values and Objectivity in Scientific Inquiry.Helen E. Longino - 1990 - Princeton University Press.
    This is an important book precisely because there is none other quite like it.
  35.  30
    Reconciling the Freedom of Scientific Inquiry and the Group Interests of Indigenous Peoples in Genetic Research: Article 21 of Taiwan's Indigenous Peoples Basic Act as an Experiment.Chen Chung-Lin - 2010 - Asian Bioethics Review 2 (4):258-272.
  36. Closure Failure and Scientific Inquiry.Sherri Roush - 2017 - Res Philosophica 94 (2):1-25.
    Deduction is important to scientific inquiry because it can extend knowledge efficiently, bypassing the need to investigate everything directly. The existence of closure failure—where one knows the premises and that the premises imply the conclusion but nevertheless does not know the conclusion—is a problem because it threatens this usage. It means that we cannot trust deduction for gaining new knowledge unless we can identify such cases ahead of time so as to avoid them. For philosophically engineered examples we (...)
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  37.  50
    Changes in Students’ Views about Nature of Scientific Inquiry at a Science Camp.G. Leblebicioglu, D. Metin, E. Capkinoglu, P. S. Cetin, E. Eroglu Dogan & R. Schwartz - 2017 - Science & Education 26 (7-9):889-917.
    Although nature of science and nature of scientific inquiry are related to each other, they are differentiated as NOS is being more related to the product of scientific inquiry which is scientific knowledge whereas NOSI is more related to the process of SI. Lederman et al. determined eight NOSI aspects for K-16 context. In this study, a science camp was conducted to teach scientific inquiry and NOSI to 24 6th and 7th graders. The (...)
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  38.  14
    Scientific inquiry. Readings in the philosophy of science. Edited by Robert Klee. [REVIEW]André Berten - 2001 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 99 (4):748-748.
  39.  3
    On Derrida’s Critique of the Metaphysics of Presence. Implications for Scientific Inquiry.Marco Stimolo - 2015 - In Flavia Santoianni (ed.), The Concept of Time in Early Twentieth-Century Philosophy: A Philosophical Thematic Atlas. Cham: Springer Verlag.
    The chapter delivers a biref description of Derrida's critique of the metaphisics of presence and shows its relevant implications for scientific inquiry. It is shown that the deconstruction of the concept of Being as a trascendental signifier is consistent with the scientific use of operational definitions that simplify the complexity of real world phenomena through the use of unrealistic assumptions. The argument reaches two main conclusions. First, the deconstruction of the trascendental signifier entails that unrealistic assuptions do (...)
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  40.  57
    Truth, selection and scientific inquiry.Stephen M. Downes - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (3):425-442.
    In this paper I examine various ways in whichphilosophers have made connections between truth andnatural selection. I introduce several versions ofthe view that mechanisms of true belief generationarise as a result of natural selection and argue thatthey fail to establish a connection between truth andnatural selection. I then turn to scientific truthsand argue that evolutionary accounts of the origin ofscientific truth generation mechanisms also fail. Iintroduce David Hull's selectionist model ofscientific development and argue that his account ofscientific success does (...)
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  41.  7
    The Critical Appraisal of Scientific Inquiries with Policy Implications.Giandomenico Majone & William C. Clark - 1985 - Science, Technology and Human Values 10 (3):6-19.
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  42.  44
    Interrogatives, problems and scientific inquiry.Scott A. Kleiner - 1985 - Synthese 62 (3):365 - 428.
  43. Bayesianism and reliable scientific inquiry.Cory Juhl - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (2):302-319.
    The inductive reliability of Bayesian methods is explored. The first result presented shows that for any solvable inductive problem of a general type, there exists a subjective prior which yields a Bayesian inductive method that solves the problem, although not all subjective priors give rise to a successful inductive method for the problem. The second result shows that the same does not hold for computationally bounded agents, so that Bayesianism is "inductively incomplete" for such agents. Finally a consistency proof shows (...)
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  44. Social epistemology of scientific inquiry: Beyond historical vs. philosophical case studies.Melinda Fagan - unknown
    In this paper, I propose a new way to integrate historical accounts of social interaction in scientific practice with philosophical examination of scientific knowledge. The relation between descriptive accounts of scientific practice, on the one hand, and normative accounts of scientific knowledge, on the other, is a vexed one. This vexatiousness is one instance of the gap between normative and descriptive domains. The general problem of the normative/descriptive divide takes striking and problematic form in the case (...)
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  45.  72
    Erotetic logic and scientific inquiry.Scott A. Kleiner - 1988 - Synthese 74 (1):19 - 46.
  46.  29
    Contextualizing the Relationship Between Nature of Scientific Knowledge and Scientific Inquiry.Norman Lederman - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (3-5):249-267.
    How nature of scientific knowledge or nature of science and scientific inquiry are contextualized, or related to each other, significantly impacts both curriculum and classroom practice, specifically with respect to the teaching and learning of NOSK. NOS and NOSK are considered synonymous here, with NOSK more accurately conveying the meaning of the construct. Three US-based science education reform documents are used to illustrate the aforementioned impact. The USA has had three major reform documents released over a period (...)
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  47. The Parallels Between Philosophical Inquiry and Scientific Inquiry: Implications for science education.Gilbert Burgh & Kim Nichols - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (10):1045-1059.
    The ‘community of inquiry’ as formulated by C. S. Peirce is grounded in the notion of communities of discipline-based inquiry engaged in the construction of knowledge. The phrase ‘transforming the classroom into a community of inquiry’ is commonly understood as a pedagogical activity with a philosophical focus to guide classroom discussion. But it has a broader application. Integral to the method of the community of inquiry is the ability of the classroom teacher to actively engage in (...)
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  48.  35
    Improving Science Teachers’ Views about Scientific Inquiry.Fitnat Köseoğlu & Ceyhan Cigdemoglu - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (3 - 5):439-469.
    The present study specifically focuses on science teachers’ views about scientific inquiry and their use of scientific inquiry in their lesson plans, which were prepared at a professional development workshop designed for better utilization of science centers (SCs). As an impact evaluation research, qualitative data was collected from 41 purposively selected volunteer science teachers. The project team provided the participants with intense instruction in inquiry, and fostered them to learn nature of science and nature of (...)
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  49.  42
    Limits of Scientific Inquiry.Gerald Holton & Robert S. Morison - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (3):522-525.
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  50.  44
    Scholarly skywriting and the prepublicationcontinuum of scientific inquiry.Stevan Harnad - unknown
    William Gardner's proposal to establish a searchable, retrievable electronic archive is fine, as far as it goes. The potential role of electronic networks in scientific publication, however, goes far beyond providing searchable electronic archives for electronic journals. The whole process of scholarly communication is currently undergoing a revolution comparable to the one occasioned by the invention of printing. On the brink of intellectual perestroika is that vast PREPUBLICATION phase of scientific inquiry in which ideas and findings are (...)
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