Results for 'secrecy'

451 found
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  1. Secrecy and conspiracy.Matthew R. X. Dentith & Martin Orr - 2017 - Episteme 15 (4):433-450.
    In the literature on conspiracy theories, the least contentious part of the academic discourse would appear to be what we mean by a “conspiracy”: a secretive plot between two or more people toward some end. Yet what, exactly, is the connection between something being a conspiracy and it being secret? Is it possible to conspire without also engaging in secretive behavior? To dissect the role of secrecy in con- spiracies – and thus contribute to the larger debate on the (...)
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  2. Secrecy in three acts.Peter Galison - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (3):941-974.
    In June 1979, Congress passed the Espionage Act, the first act of the three secrecy-defining statutes that have shaped so much of the last hundred years of modern American secrecy doctrine. Together with two other statutes that followed in later decades-the Atomic Energy Acts of 1946 and 1954, and the Patriot Act of 2001-these three Acts picked out inflection points in the great ratcheting process that has expanded secrecy from the protection of troop positions and recruitment stations (...)
     
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  3. Nuclear waste, secrecy and the mass media.Len Ackland, Karen Dorn Steele & JoAnn M. Valenti - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (2):181-190.
    Invited media scholars and journalists examine the general issue of nuclear waste, risk and the sicentific promises that were made, but not kept, about safe disposal. The mass media uncovered and reported on nuclear waste problems at Rocky Flats in Colorado and Hanford in Washington. Two environmental journalists review efforts to expose problems at these sites, how secrecy hampered reporting, and the effects of media coverage on nearby residents. An environmental communications scholar evaluates media coverage, the role of the (...)
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  4.  53
    Secrecy and transparency: An interview with Samuel Weber.John W. P. Phillips - 2011 - Theory, Culture and Society 28 (7-8):158-172.
    In this interview Samuel Weber proposes a rethinking of the relation of secrecy to transparency and outlines some of the forms it takes, while considering certain of its implications for current social, political and epistemological contexts. He begins by questioning the opposition itself, suggesting that we will have to learn to be more at home with the secret and that the demand for transparency must be radically rethought and complicated. He argues that the demand for absolute transparency can only (...)
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  5.  48
    Privacy, Secrecy, Fact, and Falsehood.Pierre Le Morvan - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Research 40:313-336.
    Deploying distinctions between ignorance of a proposition and ignorance that it is true, and between knowledge of a proposition and knowledge that it is true, I distinguish between propositional privacy and factive privacy. While the latter is limited to personal facts, the former encompasses personal falsehoods as well. I argue that propositional privacy is both broader and deeper than factive privacy, and accordingly that conceiving of the nature of privacy in terms of propositional privacy has important advantages over conceiving of (...)
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  6. Secrecy, Ostentation, and the Illustration of Exotic Animals in Sixteenth-Century Portugal.Palmira Fontes da Costa - 2009 - Annals of Science 66 (1):59-82.
    Summary During the first decades of the sixteenth century, several animals described and viewed as exotic by the Europeans were regularly shipped from India to Lisbon. This paper addresses the relevance of these ‘new’ animals to knowledge and visual representations of the natural world. It discusses their cultural and scientific meaning in Portuguese travel literature of the period as well as printed illustrations, charts and tapestries. This paper suggests that Portugal did not make the most of its unique position in (...)
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  7. Secrecy in Three Acts.Peter Galison - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (2):941-974.
    In June 1979, Congress passed the Espionage Act, the first act of the three secrecy-defining statutes that have shaped so much of the last hundred years of modern American secrecy doctrine. Together with two other statutes that followed in later decades-the Atomic Energy Acts of 1946 and 1954, and the Patriot Act of 2001-these three Acts picked out inflection points in the great ratcheting process that has expanded secrecy from the protection of troop positions and recruitment stations (...)
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  8.  7
    Secrecy, Content, and Quantification.Thomas Macaulay Ferguson - 2021 - Análisis Filosófico 41 (2):285-302.
    While participating in a symposium on Dave Ripley’s forthcoming book Uncut, I had proposed that employing a strict-tolerant interpretation of the weak Kleene matrices provided a content-theoretical conception of the bounds of conversational norms that enjoyed advantages over Ripley’s use of the strong Kleene matrices. During discussion, I used the case of sentences that are taken to be out-of-bounds for being secrets as an example of a case in which the setting of conversational bounds in practice diverged from the account (...)
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  9. Secrecy and national security whistleblowing.Daniel Ellsberg - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (3):773-804.
    The promise to keep "secrets of state," once demanded and given, becomes virtually part of one's core identity. In the national security apparatus, one's pride and self-respect is founded in particular in the fact that one has been trusted to keep secrets in general and trusted with these particular secrets. I suggest that there are psycho-social aspects of promises made under these circumstances—bearing on self-image and self-respect, as well as status and acceptance in the larger society— that especially inhibit violating (...)
     
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  10.  10
    Secrecy and Autonomy in Lewis Carroll.Susan Sherer - 1996 - Philosophy and Literature 20 (1):1-19.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Secrecy and Autonomy in Lewis CarrollSusan ShererVictorian novels quiver with morbid secrets and threatening discoveries. Unseen rooms, concealed doors, hidden boxes, masked faces, buried letters, all appear (and disappear) with striking regularity in the fiction of Victorian England. So many of these secret spaces contain children, and especially little girls, little girls in hidden spaces. The young Jane Eyre sits behind a curtain in the hidden window seat, (...)
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  11. Liberty, Secrecy, and the Right of Assessment.Daniele Santoro & Manohar Kumar - forthcoming - Law and Philosophy:1-25.
    In this article we argue that governmental practices of secrecy threaten the epistemic dimension of rights. We defend the view that possessing a right entitles its holder to the largest extent of available knowledge of the circumstances that may impede the enjoyment of that right. We call this the ‘epistemic entitlement’ of rights. Such an entitlement holds in ideal conditions once full transparency is assumed. However, under non-ideal conditions secrecy is a fact that should be accounted for. We (...)
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  12.  4
    Espionage, Secrecy, and Institutional Moral Reasoning.Steven Ratner - forthcoming - Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-14.
    Cecile Fabre’s Through a Glass Darkly offers a compelling account of the ethics of espionage drawn from both interpersonal morality and democratic and cosmopolitan political theory. Yet the spying that her theory finds permissible or prohibited does not map onto the spying that states undertake and that international law either explicitly or implicitly authorizes. That law allows or tolerates significant spying to promote compliance with diverse international legal regimes as well as advance other important public order values — well beyond (...)
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  13. Secrecy in consequentialism: A defence of esoteric morality.Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer - 2010 - Ratio 23 (1):34-58.
    Sidgwick's defence of esoteric morality has been heavily criticized, for example in Bernard Williams's condemnation of it as 'Government House utilitarianism.' It is also at odds with the idea of morality defended by Kant, Rawls, Bernard Gert, Brad Hooker, and T.M. Scanlon. Yet it does seem to be an implication of consequentialism that it is sometimes right to do in secret what it would not be right to do openly, or to advocate publicly. We defend Sidgwick on this issue, and (...)
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  14.  8
    Bonds of secrecy: law, spirituality, and the literature of concealment in early medieval England.Benjamin A. Saltzman - 2019 - Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    What did it mean to keep a secret in early medieval England? It was a period during which the experience of secrecy was intensely bound to the belief that God knew all human secrets, yet the secrets of God remained unknowable to human beings. In Bonds of Secrecy, Benjamin A. Saltzman argues that this double-edged conception of secrecy and divinity profoundly affected the way believers acted and thought as subjects under the law, as the devout within monasteries, (...)
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  15.  33
    Secrecy and transparency in political philosophy.Brian Kogelmann - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (4):e12733.
    Political institutions can be transparent or secret. If they are transparent, then we have access to information about how agents act within them. If they are secret, then we do not have access to this information. The presence and extent of transparency has tremendous impact on how political institutions function. The purpose of this article is to offer a brief overview of what political philosophers have thus far had to say about transparency as it pertains to political institutions. In doing (...)
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  16.  67
    Secrecy, modesty, and the feminine : kabbalistic traces in the thought of Levinas.Elliot R. Wolfson - 2010 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 14 (1):193-224.
    A number of scholars have discussed the possible affinities between Levinas and the kabbalah. In this essay, I explore the nexus between eros, secrecy, modesty, and the feminine in the thought of Levinas compared to a similar complex of ideas elicited from kabbalistic speculation. In addition to the likelihood that Levinas may have been influenced by the interrelatedness of these motifs in kabbalistic lore, I argue that he proffers an anti-theosophic interpretation of kabbalah, which accords with his rejection of (...)
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  17. Is the secrecy of the parametric configuration of slot machines rationally justified? The exposure of the mathematical facts of games of chance as an ethical obligation.Catalin Barboianu - 2014 - Journal of Gambling Issues 29 (DOI: 10.4309/jgi.2014.29.6):1-23.
    Slot machines gained a high popularity despite a specific element that could limit their appeal: non-transparency with respect to mathematical parameters. The PAR sheets, exposing the parameters of the design of slot machines and probabilities associated with the winning combinations are kept secret by game producers, and the lack of data regarding the configuration of a machine prevents people from computing probabilities and other mathematical indicators. In this article, I argue that there is no rational justification for this secrecy (...)
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  18.  31
    Secrecy and Autonomy in Lewis Carroll.Susan Sherer - 1996 - Philosophy and Literature 20 (1):1-19.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Secrecy and Autonomy in Lewis CarrollSusan ShererVictorian novels quiver with morbid secrets and threatening discoveries. Unseen rooms, concealed doors, hidden boxes, masked faces, buried letters, all appear (and disappear) with striking regularity in the fiction of Victorian England. So many of these secret spaces contain children, and especially little girls, little girls in hidden spaces. The young Jane Eyre sits behind a curtain in the hidden window seat, (...)
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  19.  69
    Government Secrecy, the Ethics of Wikileaks, and the Fifth Estate.Edward H. Spence - 2012 - International Review of Information Ethics 17:07.
    This paper aims to systematically explore and provide answers to the following key questions: When is government secrecy justified? In a conflict between government secrecy and the public's right to be informed on matters of public interest, which ought to take priority? Is Julian Assange a journalist and what justifies his role as a journalist? Even if Julian Assange is a journalist of the new media, was he justified in disseminating classified information to the public? Who decides what (...)
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  20.  19
    Engagement against/for secrecy.Mark Losoncz - 2016 - Filozofija I Društvo 27 (2):419-428.
    This essay discusses engagement against state secrecy and engagement for secrecy, free from interference. By exploring divisions introduced by state secrecy (through exclusion, subjection and oppression), it identifies the distortions of equal participation in political communities. The author introduces the notion of pata-politics in order to describe the false relation to the secrecy effect. Furthermore, the text examines key issues of today’s intelligence studies (such as democratic intelligence oversight and the balance of powers doctrine), with special (...)
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  21.  50
    Introduction to ‘Secrecy and Transparency’.Clare Birchall - 2011 - Theory, Culture and Society 28 (7-8):7-25.
    This article opens a special section on the politics of opacity and openness. The rise of transparency as a political and cultural ideal has left secrecy to accumulate negative connotations. But the moral discourse that condemns secrecy and rewards transparency may cause us to misread the symbiotic relationship between these terms. After providing a historical account of transparency in public and political life, this article therefore makes the case for working with the tension between these terms rather than (...)
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  22. Democratic Secrecy: The Dilemma of Accountability.Dennis F. Thompson - 1999 - Political Science Quarterly 114 (2):181-193.
  23.  13
    The Economic Inefficiency of Secrecy: Pension Fund Investors’ Corporate Transparency Concerns.Tessa Hebb - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (4):385-405.
    In the wake of recent corporate scandals, this paper traces the growing power of pension funds to provide managerial oversight of the firms they hold in their investment portfolios. Increasingly pension funds are exercising their legitimate rights as owners to raise the corporate governance standards of the firms they invest in. Within corporate governance generally, pension funds are shifting their attention away from managerial accountability and toward measures that increase transparency in firm-level decision-making. Pension funds use transparency to ensure that (...)
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  24.  69
    Confidentiality, secrecy, and privacy in ethics consultation.Gerald Neitzke - 2007 - HEC Forum 19 (4):293-302.
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  25.  7
    Secrecy and Openness in Science: Ethical Considerations.Sissela Bok - 1982 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 7 (1):32-41.
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  26.  17
    The Coevolution of Secrecy and Stigmatization.Jared Piazza & Jesse M. Bering - 2010 - Human Nature 21 (3):290-308.
    We propose a coevolutionary model of secrecy and stigmatization. According to this model, secrecy functions to conceal potential fitness costs detected in oneself or one’s genetic kin. In three studies, we found that the content of participants’ distressing secrets overlapped significantly with three domains of social information that were important for inclusive fitness and served as cues for discriminating between rewarding and unrewarding interaction partners: health, mating, and social-exchange behavior. These findings support the notion that secrecy functions (...)
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  27.  43
    Logics of Political Secrecy.Eva Horn - 2011 - Theory, Culture and Society 28 (7-8):103-122.
    In the modern age, the political secret has acquired a bad reputation. With modern democracy’s ideal of transparency, political secrecy is identified with political crime or corruption. The article argues that this repression of secrecy in modern democracies falls short of a substantial understanding of the structure and workings of political secrecy. By outlining a genealogy of political secrecy, it elucidates the logic as well as the blind spots of a current culture of secrecy. It (...)
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  28.  47
    Secrecy in science: Exploring university, industry, and government relationships.Amy C. Crumpton - 1999 - Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (3):417-426.
  29.  24
    Ethics from Below: Secrecy and the Maintenance of Ethics.Dima Younes, David Courpasson & Marie-Rachel Jacob - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (3):451-466.
    Secrecy and ethics are often seen as opposing forces within organizations. Secret work is viewed as unethical, as it excludes others from knowing and is associated with self-interested behavior. We contend that this view does not account for the dynamic inherent to secrecy and to the fact that ethics is embedded in social relations. This paper suggests an alternative view. We consider secrecy as a social process which allows employees to maintain their ethics when faced with managerial (...)
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  30.  32
    Managerial secrecy: An ethical examination. [REVIEW]Victor Pompa - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (2):147 - 156.
    The paper studies the ethics of withholding information about an impending layoff and describes those situations in which managerial secrecy might be justified. It describes a layoff situation in which a manager has the latitude to decide what information to release and when, lists the reasons managers commonly give for withholding the information and analyzes each reason from a consequentialist and a Kantian perspective. The paper uses Sisela Bok''s analyses of lying and secrecy to create the prima facie (...)
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  31.  25
    Secrecy or Silence with Her Finger on Her Mouth”: Jeremy Bentham’s Other Model of Visibility and Power.Kristen R. Collins - 2022 - Political Theory 50 (4):596-620.
    To challenge the Foucauldian legacy of Jeremy Bentham’s panopticon prison, scholars often highlight Bentham’s later writings on the democratic power of public opinion. In doing so, they reaffirm Bentham’s reputation as a unreserved proponent of transparency. To recover the limits of Bentham’s embrace of publicity, I examine the model of visibility exemplified by his designs for the Sotimion, a residence for unmarried, pregnant women. The Sotimion draws our attention to Bentham’s appreciation for concealment as a method of preventing individual and (...)
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  32. Secrecy and confidentiality.David Luban - 1992 - In Lawrence C. Becker & Charlotte B. Becker (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ethics. New York: Garland Publishing. pp. 1131--3.
     
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  33. Secrecy, transparency and government whistleblowing.William H. Harwood - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (2):164-186.
    In the first part of the 21st century, the complicated relationship between transparency and security reached a boiling point with revelations of extra-judicial CIA activities, near universal NSA monitoring and unprecedented whistleblowing – and prosecution of whistleblowers under the Espionage Act. This article examines the dual necessities of security and transparency for any democracy, and the manner in which whistleblowers radically saddle this Janus-faced relationship. Then I will move to contemporary examples of whistleblowing, showing how and why some prove more (...)
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  34.  10
    Privacy, secrecy, idiocy: A response to mark Neocleous.Szikinger Istvan - 2002 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (1).
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  35. Secrecy beyond the state: governmentality, security and truth effects.Susanne Krasmann - 2023 - In William Walters & Martina Tazzioli (eds.), Handbook on governmentality. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
     
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  36.  36
    Pay Secrecy, Discrimination, and Autonomy.Matthew Caulfield - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 171 (2):399-420.
    A question facing nearly all private firms is whether they may keep employee pay secret. Many think it is obvious that firms are obligated to disclose a good deal of pay information once we properly appreciate the severity of pay discrimination in our economy and the autonomy-related interests that would be served by pay disclosure. This article puts forth a dissenting voice against the vast majority of recent commentary. It exploits a fissure between reasons we have to support certain coercive (...)
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  37.  53
    From secrecy to transparency: Reason of state and democracy.Remo Bodei - 2011 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (8):889-898.
    From Machiavelli and Guicciardini to Gracián and Richelieu, secrecy is a defining element in the politics of reasons of state, in the art of simulation and dissimulation. These techniques were considered instrumental in order to procure the very survival of the state in situations of permanent emergency. From politics as a secret art centered on the prince’s cabinet, we move gradually along an historical and theoretical path. From English liberalism that places the parliament at the center of politics and (...)
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  38.  65
    Openness versus Secrecy in Scientific Research.David B. Resnik - 2006 - Episteme 2 (3):135-147.
    Openness is one of the most important principles in scientifi c inquiry, but there are many good reasons for maintaining secrecy in research, ranging from the desire to protect priority, credit, and intellectual property, to the need to safeguard the privacy of research participants or minimize threats to national or international security. This article examines the clash between openness and secrecy in science in light of some recent developments in information technology, business, and politics, and makes some practical (...)
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  39. Representation, secrecy, and accountability.Pablo da Silveira - 2003 - Journal of Information Ethics 12 (1):8-20.
     
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  40.  19
    Of Secrecy and the Commonplace: Witchcraft and Power in Soweto.Adam Ashforth - 1996 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 63.
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  41.  47
    Voting secrecy and the right to justification.Pierre-Etienne Vandamme - 2018 - Constellations 25 (3):388-405.
  42.  5
    Secrecy and freedom of communication in American science.S. E. - 1984 - Minerva 22 (3-4):421-423.
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  43.  2
    Medical secrecy and the doctor-patient relationship.Norman Chalmers Masters - 1966 - Cape Town,: A. A. Balkema. Edited by H. A. Shapiro.
  44.  27
    Scientific secrecy and 'spin': The sad, sleazy saga of the trials of remune.Susan Haack - 2005 - Social Science Research Network.
    The story I shall be exploring is certainly a disturbing one: a drug company funds a large-scale trial of its new AIDS therapy; when the results are unfavorable, the company tries to prevent their being published; when the researchers go ahead with publication anyway, the company seeks millions of dollars in damages; eventually, newspaper headlines tell us it gets zilch, but the arbitration proceedings are private, so beyond that we know - well, zilch; the same year, an action is filed (...)
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  45.  67
    Secrecy.G. K. Chesterton - 1989 - The Chesterton Review 15 (4/1):439-440.
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  46.  8
    Secrecy and tradecraft in educational administration: the covert side of educational life.Eugénie Angèle Samier - 2014 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    During the last couple of decades, there has been an expansion in a number of related and overlapping fields producing evidence of covert activities: toxic cultures, destructive leadership styles, micropolitics, ethical problems in organisations and administration, abusive power and authority, and many other topics of dysfunctional management and leadership studies that frequently make reference to secretive and deceptive behaviour.In this book, Eugenie A. Samier draws on a range of disciplines including education, psychology, administration and management studies and organizational theory to (...)
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  47.  18
    Secrecy’s use: Using Bakunin to theorize authority and free action.Megan C. Thomas - 2016 - Contemporary Political Theory 15 (3):264-284.
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  48. Privacy, secrecy, idiocy.Mark Neocleous - 2002 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (1):85-110.
     
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  49. National Security Secrecy: How the Limits Change.Steven Aftergood - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (3):839-852.
    As a nation, we seem to be of two minds about secrecy. We know that government secrecy is incompatible with democratic decision-making in obvious ways. Yet there is a near-universal consensus that some measure of secrecy is justified and necessary to protect authorized national security activities. Reconciling these conflicting interests is an ongoing challenge. In recent years, a large and growing number of public interest organizations and professional societies have turned their attention to government secrecy, identifying (...)
     
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  50. Privacy, Secrecy, Idiocy: A Response to Mark Neocleous.István Szikinger - 2002 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (1):111-114.
     
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