Results for 'self-preservation'

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  1.  73
    Resisting the Scaffold: Self-Preservation and Limits of Obligation in Hobbes's Leviathan.Patricia Sheridan - 2011 - Hobbes Studies 24 (2):137-157.
    The degree to which Hobbes's citizenry retains its right to resist sovereign power has been the source of a significant debate. It has been argued by a number of scholars that there is a clear avenue for legitimate rebellion in Hobbes's state, as described in the Leviathan - in this work, Hobbes asserts that subjects can retain their natural right to self-preservation in civil society, and that this represents an inalienable right that cannot, under any circumstances, be transferred to (...)
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  2.  37
    Spinozistic Self-Preservation.Andrew Youpa - 2003 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):477-490.
    In Part 4 of his "Ethics," Spinoza puts forward and defends what might appear to be the controversial Hobbesean thesis that the desire to prolong one’s life is the basis of virtue (i.e., E4p22). Indeed there is a tradition of commentators offering an egoistic, Hobbesean interpretation of Spinoza’s ethical theory. In this paper, however, I argue that we should not understand Spinozistic self-preservation in the commonsense, empiricist sense of prolonging our lives. Instead I argue that, for Spinoza, self-preservation (...)
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  3.  1
    The Ethics of Motion: Self-Preservation, Preservation of the Whole, and the ‘Double Nature of the Good’ in Francis Bacon.Manzo Silvia - 2016 - In Lancaster Gilgioni (ed.), Motion and Power in Francis Bacon's Philosophy. Springer. pp. 175-200.
    This chapter focuses on the appetite for self-preservation and its central role in Francis Bacon’s natural philosophy. In the first part, I introduce Bacon’s classification of universal appetites, showing the correspondences between natural and moral philosophy. I then examine the role that appetites play in his theory of motions and, additionally, the various meanings accorded to preservation in this context. I also discuss some of the sources underlying Bacon’s ideas, for his views about preservation reveal traces of Stoicism, Telesian (...)
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  4.  63
    Spinoza on Self-Preservation and Self-Destruction.Mitchell Gabhart - 1999 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (4):613-628.
  5.  29
    Self-Preservation: An Argument for Therapeutic Cloning, and a Strategy for Fostering Respect for Moral Integrity.Mary B. Mahowald - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):56-66.
    The issues of human cloning and stem cell retrieval are inseparable in circumstances in which the rationale of self-preservation may be invoked as a negative right. I apply this rationale to a hypothetical case in which cloning is necessary to preserve the bodily integrity or life of an individual. Self-preservation as moral integrity is examined in a narrower context, i.e., as applicable to those for whom deliberate termination of embryonic life is morally-problematic. This issue is addressed through comparison (...)
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  6.  40
    International Justice and Individual Self-Preservation.Frederick Ochieng'-odhiambo - 2005 - Journal of Global Ethics 1 (2):99 – 112.
    The article explores the fundamental difference between two aspects of justice: international and global. It is then argued that for the sake of global justice, the difference can be overcome by taking a closer look at the basic human right of self-preservation in relation to moral agency, human well-being and social/distributive justice at both global and national levels. In an endeavour to attain global justice, the article defends an absolute moral right to a human minimum.
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  7.  25
    Hobbes and the Rationality of Self-Preservation: Grounding Morality on the Desires We Should Have.C. D. Meyers - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (3):269-286.
    In deriving his moral code, Hobbes does not appeal to any mind-independent good, natural human telos, or innate human sympathies. Instead he assumes a subjectivist theory of value and an egoistic theory of human motivation. Some critics, however, doubt that his laws of nature can be constructed from such scant material. Hobbes ultimately justifies the acceptance of moral laws by the fact that they promote self-preservation. But, as Hobbes himself acknowledges, not everyone prefers survival over natural liberty. In this (...)
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  8.  12
    Love: Self-Propagation, Self-Preservation, or Ekstasis?Whiting Jennifer - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (4):403-429.
    (2013). Love: self-propagation, self-preservation, or ekstasis? Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, No. 4, pp. 403-429.
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  9.  13
    6To Be or Not To Be: Where Is Self-Preservation in Evolutionary Theory?Pamela Lyon - 2011 - In Brett Calcott & Kim Sterelny (eds.), The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited. MIT Press.
    This chapter highlights Carl Woese’s message about cellular complexity. It addresses the phenotypic distance between a putative, hypothetical ur-replicator or ur-chromosome and anything that can function as a cell that can effectively respond to its environment in ways that maintain its metabolic and physiological integrity. It describes what self-preserving and self-extending behavior in a chemical system minimally involves. This chapter shows that The Major Transitions in Evolution assumes that the emergence of a replicating molecular complex coincides with the emergence of (...)
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  10. Rebels with a Cause: Self-Preservation and Absolute Sovereignty in Hobbes's Leviathan.Elijah Weber - 2012 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 29 (3):227-246.
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  11. Can Rights Curb the Hobbesian Sovereign? The Full Right to Self-Preservation, Duties of Sovereignty and the Limitations of Hohfeld.Eleanor Curran - 2005 - Law and Philosophy 25 (2):243-265.
  12.  14
    Love: Self-Propagation, Self-Preservation, Orekstasis?Jennifer Whiting - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (4):403-429.
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  13.  14
    Reason, Mimesis, and Self-Preservation in Adorno.Owen Hulatt - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (1):135-151.
    adorno’s philosophy bristles with terms that, shorn from any settled stipulative definition, present a challenge to the reader.2 Adorno’s difficult concept of “non-identity” is perhaps the most notorious, but it is “mimesis” that more than any other resists easy comprehension. Despite this, or because of it, mimesis has received sustained and enthusiastic attention. Jameson goes so far as it say that mimesis is for Adorno a “foundational concept, never defined nor argued but always alluded to, by name, as though it (...)
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  14.  30
    Hobbes on Self-Preservation and Suicide.Brian Stoffell - 1991 - Hobbes Studies 4 (1):26-33.
  15.  18
    The Role of Ideology for the Self-Preservation of a Totalitarian Regime.Richard Löwenthal - 1963 - Studies in East European Thought 3 (3):179-183.
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  16. Virtual Life and Perpetualogy (Self-Preservation of Virtual Entities in Computational Technology).L. Andrasik - 1998 - Filozofia 53 (1):15-26.
     
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  17.  12
    The Will for Self-Preservation: Locke and Derrida on Dominion, Property and Animals.Dinesh Joseph Wadiwel - 2014 - Substance 43 (2):148-161.
    “Consider, once more, the universal cannibalism of the sea; all of whose creatures prey upon each other, carrying on eternal war since the world began”Despite the strong growth of animal studies within the academy, fundamental critiques of human utilization of animals remain, arguably, on the margins. Classic analytic approaches, such as that advanced by Peter Singer (1975) and Tom Regan (1983), while having a powerful shaping effect on the language of animal advocacy, have been slow to dent academic endeavor, and (...)
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  18.  13
    Can Self-Preservation Be Virtuous in Disaster Situations?Justin Oakley - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (5):364-365.
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  19.  27
    Assisted Suicide and the Ethics of Self-Preservation.J. David Newell - 1991 - HEC Forum 3 (6):321-328.
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  20.  12
    A Life Well Lost? Hobbes and Self-Preservation.Helen Pringle & Robert Lawton - 1993 - Hobbes Studies 6 (1):58-79.
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  21.  3
    Self-Knowledge as Self-Preservation?J. Thomas Cook - 1986 - In Marjorie G. Grene & Debra Nails (eds.), Spinoza and the Sciences. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 191--210.
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  22.  1
    Leo Strauss’s Olympian Interpretation: Right, Self-Preservation, and Law in The Political Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes.A. P. Martinich - 2015 - In Winfried Schröder (ed.), Reading Between the Lines - Leo Strauss and the History of Early Modern Philosophy. De Gruyter. pp. 77-98.
  23.  1
    Duty to Self-Preservation or Right to Life? The Relation Between Natural Law and Natural Rights.Virpi Mäkinen - 2014 - In Guy Guldentops & Andreas Speer (eds.), Das Gesetz - the Law - la Loi. De Gruyter. pp. 457-470.
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  24. Is Environmental Ethics a Collective Egoism of Mankind?: Philosophical Investigation on the Difference Between Self-Conservation and Self-Preservation.J. E. V. Hafner - 2000 - Analecta Husserliana 68:103-114.
     
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  25. Self-Preservation and Natural Rights in Late Medieval and Early Modern Political Thought.Virpi Mäkinen - 2010 - In The Nature of Rights: Moral and Political Aspects of Rights in Late Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. The Philosophical Society of Finland.
  26.  8
    Conservation of Adaptive Self-Construction: A Flux-Centred Solution to the Paradox of Nature Preservation.Matthew F. Child - 2011 - Environmental Values 20 (4):527-548.
    There is widespread public misunderstanding of ecology and conservation. A culturally entrenched ' balance of nature ' paradigm abets consumerism by encouraging the use of materialism to preserve a static socioeconomic identity. Static self -identities do not foster the depth and breadth of individual self -meaning that is necessary to integrate the existential properties of biodiversity into a popular culture of conservation. The 'flux of nature ' paradigm, however, provides dynamic narrative devices for expounding the link between adaptive individuality and (...)
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  27.  14
    Integrity and Self-Protection.Carolyn McLeod - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (2):216–232.
    Self-protection seems to be negatively correlated with integrity on the standard conception of that virtue. To be self-protective is to lose some of our integrity. In this paper, I pursue the somewhat unlikely claim that a certain amount of self-protection is consistent with integrity and is even required by it in many circumstances.
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  28.  49
    Joy.Hilary Kathleen Sloan - 2011 - Journal of Value Inquiry 45 (4):419-431.
    Joy is often mentioned in discussion of theories of hedonism, happiness, desire, or religion, but is rarely considered in itself. Consequently, much about the nature of joy remains unclear. Is it, for example, a distinctive state? A feeling? An emotion? Why is it experienced? Does it have a functional role? Through discussion of joy's nature, role, and importance, it will be demonstrated that joy can indeed be defined: as an intense, positively-valenced emotion, whose inherent connection to the desire for (...) renders it inappropriate for providing the basis for theories of morality. (shrink)
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  29.  2
    The Authority Dilemma.Marcus Schultz-Bergin - 2016 - Hobbes Studies 29 (2):148-167.
    _ Source: _Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 148 - 167 Thomas Hobbes’s attempt to resolve the problem of commanded blasphemy in _Leviathan_ results in a dilemma for his theory. According to what I call the _Authority Dilemma_, Hobbes is simultaneously committed to subjects being the authors of all that the sovereign does and commands as well as to the sovereign being the sole author of commanded blasphemy, meaning the subjects are _not_ the authors of that command. I review a variety (...)
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  30.  1
    Adam Smith o instynktach i popędach.Anna Markwart - 2016 - Studia Z Historii Filozofii 7 (1):123-139.
    The paper is aiming to present and analyse the notions used by Adam Smith: ‘instinct’ and ‘ appetites’. They appear in two of the Scottish philosopher’s works: in ‘The Theory of Moral Sentiments’ and in an essay ‘ Of the External Senses’. Smith noticed that there are certain inborn mechanisms that suggest the existence of crucial needs and means leading to satisfy those needs. That concerns, mostly, hunger and thirst, but also sex drive. He regarded the need of self-preservation (...)
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  31.  47
    Why Spinoza Tells People to Try to Preserve Their Being.Michael Lebuffe - 2004 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 86 (2):119-145.
    It is puzzling that Spinoza both urges people to seek to preserve themselves and also holds that, as a matter of fact, people do strive to preserve themselves. I argue that the striving for self-preservation that characterizes all individuals grounds, for Spinoza, the claim that human beings seek only whatever they anticipate will lead to pleasure (laetitia). People desire ends other than self-preservation because they anticipate pleasure in those ends, and Spinoza urges people to seek to preserve themselves (...)
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  32. Torture Pornopticon: (In)Security Cameras, Self-Governance and Autonomy.Steve Jones - 2015 - In Linnie Blake & Xavier Aldana Reyes (eds.), Digital Horror: Haunted Technologies, Network Panic and the Found Footage Phenomenon. I.B. Tauris. pp. 29-41.
    ‘Torture porn’ films centre on themes of abduction, imprisonment and suffering. Within the subgenre, protagonists are typically placed under relentless surveillance by their captors. CCTV features in more than 45 contemporary torture-themed films (including Captivity, Hunger, and Torture Room). Security cameras signify a bridging point between the captors’ ability to observe and to control their prey. Founded on power-imbalance, torture porn’s prison-spaces are panoptical. Despite failing to encapsulate contemporary surveillance’s complexities (see Haggerty, 2011), the panopticon remains a dominant paradigm within (...)
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  33.  46
    Creativity: Self-Referential Mistaking, Not Negating. [REVIEW]Victoria N. Alexander - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (2):253-272.
    In C. S. Peirce, as well as in the work of many biosemioticians, the semiotic object is sometimes described as a physical “object” with material properties and sometimes described as an “ideal object” or mental representation. I argue that to the extent that we can avoid these types of characterizations we will have a more scientific definition of sign use and will be able to better integrate the various fields that interact with biosemiotics. In an effort to end Cartesian dualism (...)
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  34.  47
    Self-Interest: An Anthology of Philosophical Perspectives.Kelly Rogers (ed.) - 1997 - Routledge.
    Human beings naturally care a great deal for themselves--and couldn't survive otherwise. As Aquinas observed, the drive for self-preservation is the first law of nature. Yet in the imperative of self-love, philosophers have also perceived a tacit threat. Plato reminds us that 'the excessive love of self is in reality the source to each man of all offences.' And so the inevitability of self- concern must be balanced with its manifest potential for harm. But how is such a reconciliation (...)
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  35. The Debate Between Mencius and Hsün-Tzu: Contemporary Applications.Robert E. Allinson - 1998 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 25 (1):31-49.
    This article takes one of the richest historical debates, that of Hsun-Tzu and Mencius, as the contextual starting-point for the elaboration of human goodness. In support of Mencius, this article develops additional metaphysical and bio-social-evolutionary grounds, both of which parallel each other. The metaphysical analysis suggests that, in the spirit of Spinoza, an entity’s nature must necessarily include the drive toward its preservation. Likewise, the multi-faceted bio-social-evolutionary argument locates the fundamental telos of humanity in the preservation of social ties and (...)
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  36.  12
    Adam Smith and Self-Interest.Eugene Heath - 2013 - In Christopher J. Berry, Maria Pia Paganelli & Craig Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith. Oxford University Press. pp. 241.
    The concepts of self-interest and self-love feature prominently in both The Theory of Moral Sentiments and The Wealth of Nations. Various notions of self-preservation, self-interest, and self-love are distinguished, and it is shown how self-love functions less as a motive than as an orientation. Although self-love may corrupt moral perception, the impartial spectator serves as an antidote. Smith’s conception of self-interest in The Wealth of Nations is a broad one and not inconsistent with the moral psychology of The Theory (...)
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  37.  42
    Spinoza on Friendship.Frank Lucash - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (2):305-317.
    Friendships have always been one of the most valuable assets in the lives of human beings, and friendships were of utmost importance to Spinoza. There are different kinds of friendship but for Spinoza genuine friendship can only occur among those who pursue the truth. In this paper I will (1) point out what Spinoza means by the truth, (2) show how friendships are possible even though there is tension in our lives between our desire to preserve ourselves and our desire (...)
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  38.  10
    O movimento de expansão E a generalização do interesse E da vontade.Marisa Vento - 2012 - Cadernos de Ética E Filosofia Política 21:233-243.
    O estudo aqui apresentado propõe uma interpretação do amor de si como o pathos primordial, da forma como Rousseau o pressentiu.
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  39. Human Survival and the Self-Destruction Paradox: An Integrated Theoretical Model.Glenn D. Walters - 1999 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 20 (1):57-78.
    Borrowing from evolutionary biology, existentialism, developmental psychology, and social learning theory, an integrated model of human behavior is applied to several forms of self-destructive behavior, to include anorexia nervosa, suicide, substance abuse, and pathological gambling. It is argued that self-destructive behavior is a function of how the individual psychologically construes survival and copes with perceptions of isolation and separation from the environment. The paradox of self-destructive behavior in organisms motivated by self-preservation is resolved by taking note of the fact (...)
     
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  40.  4
    Self-State of Nurses in Caring for Sars Survivors.Hsien-Hsien Chiang, Mei-Bih Chen & I.-Ling Sue - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (1):18-26.
    The aim of this study was to analyze nurses' experiences of role strain when taking care of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). We adopted an interpretive/constructivist paradigm. Twenty-one nurses who had taken care of SARS patients were interviewed in focus groups. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis. The self-state of nurses during the SARS outbreak evolved into that of professional self as: (1) self-preservation; (2) self-mirroring; and (3) self-transcendence. The relationship between self-state and reflective practice is (...)
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  41.  7
    Fear of the Dead as a Factor in Social Self-Organization.Akop P. Nazaretyan - 2005 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 35 (2):155–169.
    The image of dead person returning to life was the most ancient source of irrational fear appeared in culture. This conclusion is argued with empirical data from archeology and ethnography. Fear has been expressed in funeral rites, the tying of extremities, burning and dismemberment of dead bodies, and ritual cannibalism etc. At the same time, it was attended by effective care for helpless cripples, which seems to descend to the Lower Paleolithic as well. Dread of posthumous revenge played a decisive (...)
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  42. Kinds of Violence.Brendan Hogan - 2017 - London Journal of Critical Thought 1 (2):166-176.
  43. Self-Interest: An Anthology of Philosophical Perspectives From Antiquity to the Present.Kelly Rogers (ed.) - 1997 - Routledge.
    Self-Interest discusses the reconciliation of inevitable self-concern with its manifest potential for harm. This anthology brings together the efforts of twenty three renown philosophers to address the matter of how to bring about such a reconciliation. The drive for self-preservation, as observed by Aquinas, is the first law of nature. With this self-love, however, comes the threat of "the excessive love of self". Self-Interest brings into discussion the reconciliation of necessary self-concern with its manifest potential for harm. This anthology (...)
     
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  44. Self-Interest: An Anthology of Philosophical Perspectives From Antiquity to the Present.Kelly Rogers (ed.) - 2014 - Routledge.
    _Self-Interest_ discusses the reconciliation of inevitable self-concern with its manifest potential for harm. This anthology brings together the efforts of twenty three renown philosophers to address the matter of how to bring about such a reconciliation. The drive for self-preservation, as observed by Aquinas, is the first law of nature. With this self-love, however, comes the threat of "the excessive love of self". _Self-Interest_ brings into discussion the reconciliation of necessary self-concern with its manifest potential for harm. This anthology (...)
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  45.  32
    Anosognosia in Alzheimer's Disease – The Petrified Self.Daniel C. Mograbi, Richard G. Brown & Robin G. Morris - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):989-1003.
    This paper reviews the literature concerning the neural correlates of the self, the relationship between self and memory and the profile of memory impairments in Alzheimer’s disease and explores the relationship between the preservation of the self and anosognosia in this condition. It concludes that a potential explanation for anosognosia in AD is a lack of updating of personal information due to the memory impairments characteristic of this disease. We put forward the hypothesis that anosognosia is due in part to (...)
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  46. Morality and Self-Sacrifice, Martyrdom and Self-Denial.George Kateb - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (2):353-394.
    The main purpose of the paper is to examine the question as to whether self-sacrifice is intrinsic to moral action. The conclusion is that though some moral deeds can be free of appreciable self-sacrifice, most of the time some degree of self-sacrifice is called for. The necessity is not conceptual but built into the lives of most people. The paper is especially interested in a person's refusal to go along with or actively cooperate with wrongdoing, even when there is some (...)
     
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  47.  35
    Authenticity and the Ethics of Self-Change.Alexandre Erler - unknown
    This dissertation focuses on the concept of authenticity and its implications for our projects of self-creation, particularly those involving the use of "enhancement technologies". After an introduction to the concept of authenticity and the enhancement debate in the first part of the thesis, part 2 considers the main analyses of authenticity in the contemporary philosophical literature. It begins with those emphasizing _self-creation_, and shows that, despite their merits, such views cannot adequately deal with certain types of cases, which require a (...)
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  48.  28
    Causal Exclusion and the Preservation of Causal Sufficiency.Anders Strand - 2010 - SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):117-135.
    Causal overdetermination, the existence of more than one sufficient cause for an effect, is standardly regarded as unacceptable among philosophers of mental causation. Philosophers of mind, both proponents of causal exclusion arguments and defenders of non-reductive physicalism, seem generally displeased with the idea of mental causes merely overdetermining their already physically determined effects. However, as I point out below, overdetermination is widespread in the broadly physical domain. Many of these cases are due to what I call the preservation of causal (...)
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  49.  24
    Fixating the World's Most Caring Cornerstone: Heidegger on Self-Sacrifice.Alin Cristian - 2008 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 8 (1):1-9.
    Prior to having its authenticity and transparency examined the openness of human existence may be said to need preservation as is, regardless of its receptivity and responsiveness to the truth of Being. Paradoxically, in self-sacrifice the fulfilment of Dasein’s ownmost potentiality-for-being is dependent upon a most radical disowning of itself. This investigation approaches self-sacrifice on the basis of its analogy with the creation of the work of art – as the peculiar fixation of the existing, already disclosed world of everydayness (...)
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  50.  3
    Self-Mastery and Universal History.David James - 2016 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (9):932-952.
    Horkheimer and Adorno make claims that imply a complete rejection of the idea of a universal history developed in classical German philosophy. Using Kant’s account of universal history, I argue that some features of the idea of a universal history can nevertheless be detected in the Dialectic of Enlightenment and some of Adorno’s remarks on freedom and history. This is done in connection with the kind of rational self-mastery that they associate with the story of Odysseus. Some claims made by (...)
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