Results for 'sexual orientation'

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  1.  94
    Sexual Orientation and Choice.Ayala Saray - 2017 - Journal of Social Ontology 3 (2):249-265.
    Is there a choice in sexual orientation? [Wilkerson, William S. : “Is It a Choice? Sexual Orientation as Interpretation”. In: Journal of Social Philosophy 40. No. 1, p. 97–116] argues that sexual desires require interpretation in order to be fully constituted, and therefore sexual orientation is at least partially constituted by choice. [Díaz-León, Esa : “Sexual Orientation as Interpretation? Sexual Desires, Concepts, and Choice”; In: Journal of Social Ontology] critically assesses (...)
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  2. What Is Sexual Orientation?Robin A. Dembroff - 2016 - Philosophers' Imprint 16.
    Ordinary discourse is filled with discussions about ‘sexual orientation’. This discourse might suggest a common understanding of what sexual orientation is. But even a cursory search turns up vastly differing, conflicting, and sometimes ethically troubling characterizations of sexual orientation. The conceptual jumble surrounding sexual orientation suggests that the topic is overripe for philosophical exploration. This paper lays the groundwork for such an exploration. In it, I offer an account of sexual (...) – called ‘Bidimensional Dispositionalism’ – according to which sexual orientation concerns what sex[es] and gender[s] of persons one is disposed to sexually engage, and makes no reference to one’s own sex and gender. (shrink)
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  3. “When Selves Have Sex: What the Phenomenology of Trans Sexuality Can Teach Us About Sexual Orientation”.Talia Mae Bettcher - 2014 - Journal of Homosexuality 61 (5):605-620.
    In this article, Bettcher argues that sexual attraction must be reconceptualized in light of transgender experience. In particular, Bettcher defends the theory of “erotic structuralism,” which replaces an exclusively other-directed account of gendered attraction with one that includes a gendered eroticization of self as an essential component. This erotic experience of self is necessary for other-directed gendered desire, where the two are bound together and mutually informing. One consequence of the theory is that the controversial notion of “autogynephilia” is (...)
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  4. Is It a Choice? Sexual Orientation as Interpretation.William S. Wilkerson - 2009 - Journal of Social Philosophy 40 (1):97-116.
    Argues that choice, as a form of interpretation, is completely intertwined with the development of both sexual orientation and sexual identity. Sexual orientation is not simply a given, or determined aspect of personality.
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  5.  21
    The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation.Edward Stein - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    In the last decade, fierce controversy has arisen over the nature of sexual orientation. Scientific research, religious views, increasingly ambiguous gender roles, and the growing visibility of sexual minorities have sparked impassioned arguments about whether our sexual desires are hard-wired in our genes or shaped by the changing forces of society. In recent years scientific research and popular opinion have favored the idea that sexual orientations are determined at birth, but philosopher and educator Edward Stein (...)
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  6.  16
    Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices About Children.Timothy F. Murphy - 2012 - The MIT Press.
    Should parents be able to select the sexual orientation of their children, if that were possible through prenatal interventions? _Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices about Children_ reviews the history of this debate which started in the 1970s and has been invigorated by scientific reports about the origins of sexual orientation. This book describes the debate and offers an evaluation of key issues in parental rights, children's rights, and family welfare.
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  7. Gay Science: Assisted Reproductive Technologies and the Sexual Orientation of Children.Timothy F. Murphy - 2005 - Reproductive Biomedicine Online 10 (Sup. 1):102-106.
    There are no technologies at the present time that would allow parents to select the sexual orientation of their children. But what if there were? Some commentators believe that parents should be able to use those techniques so long as they are effective and safe. Others believe that these techniques are unethical because of the dangers they pose to homosexual men and women in general. Both sides point to motives and consequences when trying to analyse the ethics of (...)
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  8.  45
    Exotic Becomes Erotic: A Developmental Theory of Sexual Orientation.Daryl J. Bem - unknown
    A developmental theory of erotic/romantic attraction is presented that provides the same basic account for opposite-sex and same-sex desire in both men and women. It proposes that biological variables, such as genes, prenatal hormones, and brain neuroanatomy, do not code for sexual orientation per se but for childhood temperaments that influence a child's preferences for sex-typical or sex-atypical activities and peers. These preferences lead children to feel different from opposite-or same-sex peers — to perceive them as dissimilar, unfamiliar, (...)
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  9.  22
    Forms of Desire: Sexual Orientation and the Social Constructionist Controversy.Edward Stein (ed.) - 1992 - Routledge.
    Perhaps the foremost issue in the emerging area of inquiry known as lesbian and gay studies is the social constructionist controversy. Social constructionism is the view that the categories of sexual orientation are cultural constructs rather than naturally universal categories. ____Forms of Desire__ brings together important essays by social constructionists and their critics, representing several disciplines and approaches to this debate about the history and science of sexuality.
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  10.  2
    Religion, Sexual Orientation, and School Policy: How the Christian Right Frames Its Arguments.Ian K. Macgillivray - 2008 - Educational Studies: Journal of the American Educational Studies Association 43 (1):29-44.
    (2008). Religion, Sexual Orientation, and School Policy: How the Christian Right Frames Its Arguments. Educational Studies: Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 29-44.
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  11. Exotic Becomes Erotic: Explaining the Enigma of Sexual Orientation.Daryl Bem - manuscript
    In this address, I outline my “Exotic-Becomes-Erotic" theory of sexual orientation (Bem, 1996) , which provides the same basic account for both opposite-sex and same-sex erotic desire—and for both men and women. It proposes that biological variables do not code for sexual orientation per se but for childhood temperaments that influence a child’s preferences for sextypical or sex-atypical activities. These preferences lead children to feel different from opposite-sex or same-sex peers—to perceive them as “exotic.” This, in (...)
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  12.  81
    Religion, Genetics, and Sexual Orientation: The Jewish Tradition.Dena S. Davis - 2008 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (2):pp. 125-148.
    This paper probes the implications of a genetic basis for sexual orientation for traditional branches of Judaism, which are struggling with how accepting to be of noncelibate gays and lesbians in their communities. The paper looks at the current attitudes toward homosexuality across the different branches of Judaism; social and cultural factors that work against acceptance; attitudes toward science in Jewish culture; and the likelihood that scientific evidence that sexual orientation is at least partly genetically determined (...)
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  13.  23
    Two More Things for Consideration: Sexual Orientation and Conduct Disorder.Thomas Edmund Dickins & Mark James Timothy Sergeant - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):275-275.
    We add to Archer's review with mention of sexual orientation differences in aggression and empathy, which suggest a biological basis for the mediating role of empathy. We also note that Archer's view of sex differences will illuminate discussion of conduct disorder, which can only be of help to researchers in this field.
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  14.  71
    Exotic Becomes Erotic: Interpreting the Biological Correlates of Sexual Orientation.Daryl Bem - manuscript
    Although biological findings currently dominate the research literature on the de- terminants of sexual orientation, biological theorizing has not yet spelled out a developmental path by which any of the various biological correlates so far iden- tified might lead to a particular sexual orientation. The Exotic-Becomes-Erotic (EBE) theory of sexual orientation (Bem, 1996) attempts to do just that, by sug- gesting how biological variables might interact with experiential and sociocultural factors to influence an individual’s (...)
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  15.  25
    Abortion and the Ethics of Genetic Sexual Orientation Research.Timothy F. Murphy - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (3):340.
    Reports about possible genetic bases of homoerotic sexual orientation in adults have received a kind of schizophrenic social reception. On the one hand, these reports have been welcomed by some gay men and lesbians as biological confirmation of the commonly held view that sexual orientation is an involuntary trait, that sexual orientation is not in any meaningful sense chosen. Simon LeVay has received mail from thankful correspondents who welcomed his 1991 report about the possible (...)
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  16.  16
    Review of The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation[REVIEW]No Authorship Indicated - 2001 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):98-98.
    Reviews the book, The mismeasure of desire: The science, theory, and ethics of sexual orientation by Edward Stein . It would hardly be overstating the matter to say that perhaps the single most hotly debated issue in both psychology and contemporary American culture is the nature and origins of human sexual desires. In opposition to the currently more widely accepted thesis that sexual orientation is determined at birth, philosopher and educator Edward Stein argues in this (...)
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  17.  5
    The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation.Edwin E. Gantt - 2001 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):98.
    Reviews the book, The mismeasure of desire: The science, theory, and ethics of sexual orientation by Edward Stein . It would hardly be overstating the matter to say that perhaps the single most hotly debated issue in both psychology and contemporary American culture is the nature and origins of human sexual desires. In opposition to the currently more widely accepted thesis that sexual orientation is determined at birth, philosopher and educator Edward Stein argues in this (...)
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  18. Forms of Desire: Sexual Orientation and the Social Constructionist Controversy.Edward Stein (ed.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    Perhaps the foremost issue in the emerging area of inquiry known as lesbian and gay studies is the social constructionist controversy. Social constructionism is the view that the categories of sexual orientation are cultural constructs rather than naturally universal categories. ____Forms of Desire__ brings together important essays by social constructionists and their critics, representing several disciplines and approaches to this debate about the history and science of sexuality.
     
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  19. Sexual Orientation and Human Rights.Laurence M. Thomas & Michael E. Levin - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    What rights govern heterosexual and homosexual behaviors? Two distinguished philosophers debate this important issue in Sexual Orientation and Human Rights. Laurence M. Thomas argues that a society which has the constitutional resources to protect hate groups can protect homosexuals without valorizing the homosexual life-style. He defends the view that the Bible cannot warrant the venom that, in the name of religion, is often expressed against homosexuals. Michael E. Levin defends the unorthodox view that the aversion some people experience (...)
     
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  20. A Gender- and Sexual Orientation-Dependent Spatial Attentional Effect of Invisible Images.Yi Jiang, Patricia Costello, Fang Fang, Miner Huang & Sheng He - 2006 - Pnas 103 (45):17048 -17052.
  21.  39
    Sexual Orientation, Gender, and Families: Dichotomizing Differences.Susan Moller Okin - 1996 - Hypatia 11 (1):30 - 48.
    Throughout history, women and men have been seen as "opposites" in various respects. Examples from the writings of political theorists illustrate this point, while Virginia Woolf is shown to have departed radically from the general tendency to dichotomize sexual difference. Further, this "need" to dichotomize sexual differences contributes to anxiety about and stigmatization of homosexuality. As the social salience of gender becomes reduced, it is to be expected that hostility to homosexuality will decline.
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  22. Neurological Preference: LeVay's Study of Sexual Orientation.Elizabeth A. Wilson - 2000 - Substance 29 (1):23-38.
  23.  19
    Sexual Orientation and Human Rights in the Ethics Code of the Psychology and Counseling Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran.Mohammadrasool Yadegarfard & Fatemeh Bahramabadian - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (5):350-363.
  24.  36
    Choosing the Sexual Orientation of Children.Edward Stein - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (1):1–24.
  25.  19
    What Does Sexual Orientation Orient? A Biobehavioral Model Distinguishing Romantic Love and Sexual Desire.Lisa M. Diamond - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (1):173-192.
  26.  77
    ""How "Natural" Are "Kinds" of Sexual Orientation?I. Hacking - 2002 - Law and Philosophy 21 (1):95-107.
  27.  5
    The Ethics of Genetic Research on Sexual Orientation.Udo Schüklenk, Edward Stein, Jacinta Kerin & William Byne - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (4):6-13.
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  28.  79
    Book Review: Anne Fausto-Sterling. The Science and Social World of Sex and Sexuality: A Review of Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality New York: Basic Books, 2000; and Edward Stein. The Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory, and Ethics of Sexual Orientation[REVIEW]Heidi E. Grasswick - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (3):203-208.
  29. Biological Explanations of Human Sexuality: The Genetic Basis of Sexual Orientation.Christopher Horvath - 2007 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
  30. Law, Morality, and "Sexual Orientation".John Finnis - 1995 - Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 9 (1):11-40.
  31. Categorisation of Sexual Orientation: A Test of Essentialism.Nick Braisby & Ian Hodges - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2956--2961.
  32.  3
    8 Sexual Orientation, Exit and Refuge.Jacob T. Levy - 2005 - In Avigail Eisenberg & Jeff Spinner-Halev (eds.), Minorities Within Minorities: Equality, Rights and Diversity. Cambridge University Press. pp. 172.
  33.  28
    Biological and Psychosocial Determinants of Male and Female Human Sexual Orientation.William H. James - 2005 - Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (5):555.
  34. Law, Sexual Orientation, and Gender.Edward Stein - 2002 - In Jules Coleman & Scott J. Shapiro (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law. Oxford University Press.
  35.  26
    Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices About Children by Timothy F. Murphy, 2012 Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 200 Pp, £18.95 (Hb). [REVIEW]David Archard - 2013 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (2):187-189.
  36.  44
    Millean Liberty and Sexual Orientation: A Discussion of Edward Stein's the Mismeasure of Desire.Martha C. Nussbaum - 2002 - Law and Philosophy 21 (3):317 - 334.
  37.  2
    Exotic Becomes Erotic: A Developmental Theory of Sexual Orientation.Daryl J. Bem - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (2):320-335.
  38.  5
    How Should We Teach in Schools About Sexual Orientation? A Rejoinder to Petrovic.Michael J. Reiss - 1999 - Journal of Moral Education 28 (2):211-214.
    Petrovic (1999) argues that teachers need to portray homosexuality positively and must not express their beliefs against it. This rejoinder argues against this position, maintaining instead that teachers need to teach about heterosexuality and homosexuality in a balanced manner. I argue against Petrovic's position both on the grounds that it has internal weaknesses and on the grounds that its consequences would be undesirable.
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  39. Laurence M. Thomas and Michael E. Levin, Sexual Orientation and Human Rights Reviewed By.Paul Fairfield - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22 (1):71-73.
  40. Essentialism and Constructionism About Sexual Orientation.Edward Stein - 1998 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press. pp. 427--42.
  41.  40
    Review. Gay Science: The Ethics of Sexual Orientation Research. TF Murphy.M. Ruse - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (3):487-493.
  42.  5
    Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: Review of Concepts, Controversies and Their Relation to Psychopathology Classification Systems. [REVIEW]Carla Moleiro & Nuno Pinto - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  43.  12
    Book Review: From Disgust to Humanity: Sexual Orientation and Constitutional Law. [REVIEW]B. Koziak - 2011 - Political Theory 39 (6):808-811.
  44. The Search for a Genetic Influence on Sexual Orientation.Richard C. Pillard - 1997 - In Vernon A. Rosario (ed.), Science and Homosexualities. Routledge. pp. 226--241.
  45.  12
    The Relation of Closed Birth Intervals to the Sex of the Preceding Child and the Sexual Orientation of the Succeeding Child.Ray Blanchard & Anthony F. Bogaert - 1997 - Journal of Biosocial Science 29 (1):111-118.
  46.  7
    Ethical Implications of Scientific Research on the Causes of Sexual Orientation.William Byne & Edward Stein - 1997 - Health Care Analysis 5 (2):136-148.
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  47.  20
    Précis of the Mismeasure of Desire: The Science, Theory and Ethics of Sexual Orientation[REVIEW]E. Stein - 2002 - Law and Philosophy 21 (3):305-316.
  48.  18
    From the Editors: Choosing the Sex, Race and Sexual Orientation of Our Children.Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (1):iii–v.
  49.  1
    Gender and Sexual Orientation: Why the Different Age Preferences?T. Kenrick Douglas & C. Keefe Richard - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):582-584.
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  50.  3
    A Critique of Bem's "Exotic Becomes Erotic" Theory of Sexual Orientation.Letitia Anne Peplau, Linda D. Garnets, Leah R. Spalding, Terri D. Conley & Rosemary C. Veniegas - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (2):387-394.
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