Results for 'shadows'

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Bibliography: Shadows in Metaphysics
  1. Seeing Dark Things: The Philosophy of Shadows.Roy A. Sorensen - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    The eclipse riddle -- Seeing surfaces -- The disappearing act -- Spinning shadows -- Berkeley's shadow -- Para-reflections -- Para-refractions : shadowgrams and the black drop -- Goethe's colored shadows -- Filtows -- Holes in the light -- Black and blue -- Seeing in black and white -- We see in the dark -- Hearing silence.
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  2. Shadows of Constitution.István Aranyosi - 2007 - The Monist 90 (3):415-431.
    Mainstream metaphysics has been preoccupied by inquiring into the nature of major kinds of entities, like objects, properties and events, while avoiding minor entities, like shadows or holes. However, one might want to hope that dealing with such minor entities could be profitable for even solving puzzles about major entities. I propose a new ontological puzzle, the Shadow of Constitution Puzzle, incorporating the old puzzle of material constitution, with shadows in the role of the minor entity to guide (...)
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  3. The Nature of Shadows, From Yale to Bilkent.István Aranyosi - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (2):219-223.
    I discuss a solution to the Yale shadow puzzle, due to Roy Sorensen, based on the actual process theory of causation, and argue that it does not work in the case of a new version of the puzzle, which I call "the Bilkent shadow puzzle". I offer a picture of the ontology of shadows that constitute the basis for a new solution that uniformly applies to both puzzles.
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  4. Review of Roy Sorensen's Seeing Dark Things. The Philosophy of Shadows[REVIEW]István Aranyosi - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (3):513-515.
  5.  45
    Silhouettes Are Shadows.Jonathan Westphal - 2011 - Acta Analytica 26 (2):187-197.
    Sorensen’s celebrated problem about the eclipse of Near and Far is given a solution in which what is seen is Far, silhouetted. Near cannot be seen, as it is in the shadow of Far. A silhouette is a shadow. The so–called Yale Puzzle is a linguistic confusion.
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  6.  3
    Brightness-Constancy in Unrecognized Shadows.R. B. MacLeod - 1940 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (1):1.
  7.  91
    Shadows of the Mind.Roger Penrose - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    Presenting a look at the human mind's capacity while criticizing artificial intelligence, the author makes suggestions about classical and quantum physics and ..
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  8.  10
    Seeing Through Eyes, Mirrors, Shadows and Pictures.Helen Yetter-Chappell - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-26.
    I argue that we can see in a great many cases that run counter to common sense. We can literally see through mirrors, in just the same way that we see through our eyes. We can, likewise, literally see through photographs, shadows, and paintings. Rather than starting with an analysis of seeing, I present a series of evolving thought experiments, arguing that in each case there is no relevant difference between it and the previous case regarding whether we see. (...)
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  9. Seeing Dark Things. The Philosophy of Shadows.István Aranyosi - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (3):513-515.
    Roy Sorensen’s adventure in Shadowland started with his prize-winning article, "Seeing Intersecting Eclipses" (published in The Journal of Philosophy, and chosen by the board of the Philosopher’s Annual as one of the ten best philosophy articles of 1999), which is the basis for the first two chapters in this book. The recipe adopted in that article is followed in most of the following thirteen chapters, five of them being based on Sorensen’s previous articles on the topic: start with an open (...)
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  10.  50
    The Shadows and Shallows of Explanation.Robert A. Wilson & Frank C. Keil - 1998 - Minds and Machines 8 (1):137-159.
    We introduce two notions–the shadows and the shallows of explanation–in opening up explanation to broader, interdisciplinary investigation. The shadows of explanation refer to past philosophical efforts to provide either a conceptual analysis of explanation or in some other way to pinpoint the essence of explanation. The shallows of explanation refer to the phenomenon of having surprisingly limited everyday, individual cognitive abilities when it comes to explanation. Explanations are ubiquitous, but they typically are not accompanied by the depth that (...)
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  11.  16
    Capturing Shadows: On Photography, Causation, and Absences.Mikael Pettersson - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (2):256-269.
    Many photographs seem to be images of absences: for instance, a photograph of a shadow seems to be an image of an absence, as shadows are plausibly thought of as being absences of light. Absence photography is puzzling, however, as, first, it is a common idea that photographs can only be images of things that have caused them, and, second, it is unclear whether absences can cause anything. In this paper, I look at various ways to unravel the puzzle. (...)
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  12.  84
    Quantifying the Relative Roles of Shadows, Steropsis, and Aocal Accomodation in 3D Visualization.David Kirsh - 2003 - The 3rd IASTED International Conference on Visualization, Imaging, and Image Processing.
    The goal of three-dimensional visualization is to present information in such a way that the viewer suspends disbelief and uses the screen imagery the same way as he or she would use an identical, real 3D scene. To do this effectively, programmers employ a variety of 3D depth cues. Our own anecdotal experience says that shadows and stereopsis are two of the best for visualization. The nice thing is that both of these are possible to do in interactive programs. (...)
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  13.  92
    Methodological Issues in the Study of the Depiction of Cast Shadows: A Case Study in the Relationships Between Art and Cognition.Roberto Casati - 2003 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 62 (2):163–174.
    The relationships between art and cognition constitute a very wide set of largely unexplored and at times undefined or much too speculative problems. The field is narrowed down by imposing some constraints. It is proposed that the depiction of cast shadows, in its early history, could provide an ideal case study which conforms to the constraints. This paper addresses some methodological problems of the study of this case. A sample of relevant Renaissance images is discussed. A typology of depicted (...)
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  14.  15
    Night and Shadows.David Macauley - 2009 - Environment, Space, Place 1 (2):51-76.
    I examine the kindred phenomena of shadows and night in order to reveal their significance for better understanding our lifeworld and the elemental environment. I first describe how light is primary to ecological perception and how it conditions our conceptions of space, truth, and beauty. Light and darkness are involved in a dialectical relationship rather than conceived as polar opposites. Borne of the interplay of both realms, shadows have been disparaged historically and deserve to be reconsidered for their (...)
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  15.  23
    The Influence of Cast Shadows on Visual Search.Ronald Rensink - manuscript
    We show that cast shadows can have a significant influence on the speed of visual search. In particular, we find that search based on the shape of a region is affected when the region is darker than the background and corresponds to a shadow formed by lighting from above. Results support the proposal that an early-level system rapidly identifies regions as shadows and then discounts them, making their shapes more difficult to access. Several constraints used by this system (...)
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  16.  42
    Mind in the Shadows.Michael Detlefsen - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (1):123-136.
  17.  13
    Impossible Cast Shadows in Ukyio-E Paintings.Roberto Casati - unknown
    A note on the interpretation of some seeming shadows in Japanese paintings.
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  18. Shadows of Ethics: Criticism and the Just Society.Geoffrey Galt Harpham - 1999 - Duke University Press.
    In this volume Geoffrey Galt Harpham argues for a deeply original view of the relations among ethics, literary study, and critical theory. In thirteen lucid, provocative and often witty essays, Harpham rejects both the optimism of those who see ethics as a way of solving problems about values or principles and the pessimism of those who regard ethics as primarily a cover story for politics. Ethics, he claims, has been seen by its most powerful theorists as a discourse of “ (...),” a characteristic disturbance of thought in the presence of the other, a source of doubts rather than certainty. At the same time, however, ethics includes an element of violence, even blindness and “fundamentalism,” a crushing drive to clarity and resolution. Contemporary thinkers, Harpham argues, have been unwilling to accept this account of ethics and the obligations it would impose, and have, as a consequence, cultivated social and intellectual marginality as the only site of virtue, the only position in which critical intelligence is at home. They have, he contends, failed to “imagine the center,” to take up the true intellectual and worldly challenge of ethics. Tracking these issues and energies in debates about enlightenment, the politics of the aesthetic, the nature of rationality, and the worldly contexts of theory, Harpham demonstrates in compelling detail the ubiquity and true difficulty of ethics. _Shadows of Ethics_ also revives a neglected genre, the intellectual portrait, with extended meditations on Jacques Derrida, Martha Nussbaum, Fredric Jameson, Geoffrey Hartman, and Noam Chomsky. The book will interest literary critics, philosophers, cultural critics, and all those interested in the ethical character of intellectual work. (shrink)
     
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  19.  47
    Spinning Shadows.Roy Sorensen - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (2):345 - 365.
    If a spinning sphere casts a shadow, does the shadow also spin? This riddle is the point of departure for an investigation into the nature of shadow movement. A general theory of motion will encompass all moving things, not just physical objects. Ultimately, I argue that round shadows do indeed spin. Shadows are followers of the objects that cast them. Parts of the shadow correspond to parts of the leader, so motion of the caster's parts accounts for motions (...)
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  20. Roger Penrose's Gravitonic Brains: A Review of Shadows of the Mind by Roger Penrose. [REVIEW]Hans Moravec - 1995 - Psyche 2 (1).
    Summarizing a surrounding 200 pages, pages 179 to 190 of Shadows of the Mind contain a future dialog between a human identified as "Albert Imperator" and an advanced robot, the "Mathematically Justified Cybersystem", allegedly Albert's creation. The two have been discussing a Gödel sentence for an algorithm by which a robot society named SMIRC certifies mathematical proofs. The sentence, referred to in mathematical notation as Omega(Q*), is to be precisely constructed from on a definition of SMIRC's algorithm. It can (...)
     
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  21.  1
    Bâtınî Ekolleri Anlamada Anahtar Bir Kavram: Ezılle/Gölgeler Nazariyesi = A Key Concept in Understanding of Esoteric Sects: The Theory of Shadows.Ali Avcu - 2016 - Cumhuriyet Ilahiyat Dergisi 20 (2):101-101.
    There are numerous studies on the esoteric sects in Islam. Though in these studies they have been discussed from different respects, none of them draws attention to the place and importance of the theory of shadows (aẓilla) in the esoteric sects. In this article, after the identification of the meaning of the theory of shadows, it has been argued that the concept of shadows has a central role in understanding the esoteric system of thought. In this context, (...)
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  22.  14
    Processing of Shadows at Preattentive Levels.Ronald Rensink - manuscript
    Recent studies have shown that several scene-based properties can be determined rapidly and in parallel at preattentive levels, including surface convexity and concavity (Ramachandran, 1988), direction of illumination (Enns & Rensink, 1990), and three-dimensional orientation (Enns & Rensink, 1991). We show that in addition to these properties, preattentive vision is also sensitive to scene structure defined by shadows.
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  23.  2
    Faithful Witnessing as Practice: Decolonial Readings of Shadows of Your Black Memory and The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao.Yomaira C. Figueroa - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (4):641-656.
    This article considers María Lugones's concept of faithful witnessing as a point of departure to think about the ethics and possibilities of faithful witnessing in literary contexts. For Lugones, faithful witnessing is an act of aligning oneself with oppressed peoples against the grain of power and recognizing their humanity, oppression, and resistance despite the lack of institutional endorsement. I engage the work of Linda Tuhiwai Smith, Denise Oliver, and other scholars who offer methodologies and discourses on recognition, witnessing, and resistance. (...)
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  24.  1
    Shadows and Sovereigns.C. Nordstrom - 2000 - Theory, Culture and Society 17 (4):35-54.
    This is an ethnographic and theoretical exploration of the `shadows': vast transnational networks of goods, services, people and exchanges that flow outside formal and legal state channels and international laws. These networks involve millions of people and more than a trillion dollars yearly worldwide, and my research demonstrates these are more formalized, integrated and rule-bound than traditional studies have suggested. Thus, `shadow' networks broker political, economic and social power that can rival many of the world's states, and they are (...)
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  25.  21
    Out of the Shadows: Analytic Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy.Sharon Crasnow & Anita Superson (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    light at the street level,1 bringing the streets out from the shadows. The effects of social progress are often even more significant than the effects of vertical progress, since social progress can be tradition-changing at various levels, bringing ...
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  26. Shadows on the Soul: Plotinian Approaches to a Solution of the Mind-Body Problem.John Dillon - unknown - In Shadows on the Soul: Plotinian Approaches to a Solution of the Mind-Body Problem. pp. 73-84.
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  27.  63
    Familiar Objects and Their Shadows.Crawford L. Elder - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Most contemporary metaphysicians are sceptical about the reality of familiar objects such as dogs and trees, people and desks, cells and stars. They prefer an ontology of the spatially tiny or temporally tiny. Tiny microparticles 'dog-wise arranged' explain the appearance, they say, that there are dogs; microparticles obeying microphysics collectively cause anything that a baseball appears to cause; temporal stages collectively sustain the illusion of enduring objects that persist across changes. Crawford L. Elder argues that all such attempts to 'explain (...)
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  28. Out From the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy.Sharon L. Crasnow & Anita M. Superson (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Out from the Shadows showcases the work of 18 analytical feminists from a variety of traditional areas of philosophy: social and political philosophy, normative ethics, virtue theory, metaethics, philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophy of science. The collection is unique both in its focus on analytical feminism and in its breadth across the subdisciplines within philosophy. The book highlights successful uses of concepts and approaches from traditional philosophy, and illustrates the contributions that feminist approaches have made and could (...)
     
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  29. Stereokinetic Shapes and Their Shadows.Liliana Albertazzi - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 33--12.
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  30. Speaking with Shadows: A Study of Neo-Logicism.Fraser MacBride - 2003 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (1):103-163.
    According to the species of neo-logicism advanced by Hale and Wright, mathematical knowledge is essentially logical knowledge. Their view is found to be best understood as a set of related though independent theses: (1) neo-fregeanism-a general conception of the relation between language and reality; (2) the method of abstraction-a particular method for introducing concepts into language; (3) the scope of logic-second-order logic is logic. The criticisms of Boolos, Dummett, Field and Quine (amongst others) of these theses are explicated and assessed. (...)
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  31.  33
    Chasing Shadows: Natural Selection and Adaptation.D. M. Walsh - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (1):135-53.
  32. The Geography of Shadows: Souls and Cities in P. Pullman's His Dark Materials.Panayiota Vassilopoulou & Jonardon Ganeri - 2011 - Philosophy and Literature 35 (2):269-281.
    The soul is an elusive thing, and anyone who wants to describe it must do so with metaphors, painting it in a picture of words. The metaphors one chooses for this task will reflect the aspects one is most eager to promote of what it is to be a person, a living, breathing, thinking presence in the world. Popularly, the soul is often pictured as a little fellow inside one's head, a homunculus with whom one is in constant communication. Such (...)
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  33. Shadows of the Mind a Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness.Roger Penrose - 1995
     
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  34.  12
    Abuse of Ministerial Authority, Systemic Perjury, and Obstruction of Justice: Corruption in the Shadows of Organizational Practice. [REVIEW]Seraphim Voliotis - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):537-562.
    Organizational corruption has recently attracted considerable scholarly attention, especially since its devastating effects following recent major corporate scandals, the worldwide economic crisis of 2009, and the current European Union monetary crisis. This paper is based on the analysis of three distinct, yet contextually related, case studies in a European Union member state: (a) an incident of corruption by a minister in an adjudicative role, (b) widespread financial misreporting and perjury within an organization, and (c) abuse of due process and obstruction (...)
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  35. Shadows of Consciousness: The Problem of Phenomenal Properties.Jason Costanzo - 2014 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences (4):1-15.
    The aim of this essay is to show that phenomenal properties are contentless modes of appearances of representational properties. The essay initiates with examination of the first-person perspective of the conscious observer according to which a “reference to I” with respect to the observation of experience is determined. A distinction is then drawn between the conscious observer and experience as observed, according to which, three distinct modifications of experience are delineated. These modifications are then analyzed with respect to the content (...)
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  36. Reviews : Wilfred Burchett, Shadows of Hiroshima (Verso, 1984).Alan Roberts - 1986 - Thesis Eleven 13 (1):129-132.
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  37.  27
    The Shadows and Shallows of Explanation.Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson - 2000 - In Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson (eds.), Minds and Machines. MIT Press.. pp. 137-159.
    Reprinted, with modification, from Wilson and Keil 1998.
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  38.  6
    Shadows of Complexity: What Biological Networks Reveal About Epistasis and Pleiotropy.Anna L. Tyler, Folkert W. Asselbergs, Scott M. Williams & Jason H. Moore - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (2):220-227.
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  39. In the Shadows of the Löwenheim-Skolem Theorem: Early Combinatorial Analyses of Mathematical Proofs.Jan Von Plato - 2007 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 13 (2):189-225.
    The Löwenheim-Skolem theorem was published in Skolem's long paper of 1920, with the first section dedicated to the theorem. The second section of the paper contains a proof-theoretical analysis of derivations in lattice theory. The main result, otherwise believed to have been established in the late 1980s, was a polynomial-time decision algorithm for these derivations. Skolem did not develop any notation for the representation of derivations, which makes the proofs of his results hard to follow. Such a formal notation is (...)
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  40.  46
    The Perception of Cast Shadows.Pascal Mamassian, David C. Knill & Daniel Kersten - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (8):288-295.
  41. La Moral y Sus Sombras: La Racionalidad Instrumental y la Evolución de Las Normas de Equidad (Morality and its Shadows: Instrumental Rationality and the Evolution of Fairness Norms).Alejandro Rosas - 2005 - Critica 37 (110):79 - 104.
    Los sociobiólogos han defendido una posición "calvinista" que se resume en la siguiente fórmula: si la selección natural explica las actitudes morales, no hay altruismo genuino en la moral; si la moral es altruista, entonces la selección natural no puede explicarla. En este ensayo desenmascaro los presupuestos erróneos de esta posición y defiendo que el altruismo como equidad no es incompatible con la selección natural. Rechazo una concepción hobbesiana de la moral, pero sugiero su empleo en la interpretación de la (...)
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  42. Familiar Objects and Their Shadows. By Crawford L. Elder. (Cambridge UP, 2011. Pp. Xi + 210. Price £50.00, $85.00 H/B.). [REVIEW]Nathan Wildman - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (246):195-197.
  43.  6
    The Self and its Shadows: A Book of Essays on Individuality as Negation in Philosophy and the Arts.Stephen Mulhall - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Stephen Mulhall presents a series of multiply interrelated essays which explore the idea of selfhood as a matter of non-self-identity: for example, as becoming or self-overcoming, or as being doubled or divided. He draws on Nietzsche, Sartre, and Wittgenstein, but also on works of opera, cinema, and fiction.
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  44.  52
    Is Quantum Mechanics Relevant To Understanding Consciousness A Review of Shadows of the Mind by Roger Penrose. [REVIEW]Stanley Klein - 1995 - Psyche 2 (3).
  45.  13
    Self-Attributed Body-Shadows Modulate Tactile Attention.Francesco Pavani & Giovanni Galfano - 2007 - Cognition 104 (1):73-88.
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  46.  2
    From Body Shadows to Bodily Attention: Automatic Orienting of Tactile Attention Driven by Cast Shadows.Francesco Pavani, Paola Rigo & Giovanni Galfano - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 29:56-67.
  47.  36
    The Cognitive Science of Holes and Cast Shadows.Roberto Casati - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (2):54-55.
  48.  13
    Drawing Shadows on the Wall: Teaching Plato’s Allegory of the Cave.Anne-Marie Bowery - 2001 - Teaching Philosophy 24 (2):121-132.
    This paper incorporates the work that Jeffrey Gold, Jim Robinson, and Jonathan Schonsheck have done into an innovative method for teaching Plato’s Allegory of the Cave. The method involves breaking students into small groups and asking them to draw three images that depict the plot of the Allegory of the Cave. In addition to giving a description of this activity and detailing the pedagogical benefits, the paper considers possible objections to this exercise and suggests that this method provides a model (...)
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  49.  6
    Shadows and Ephemera.Sidney R. Nagel - 2001 - Critical Inquiry 28 (1):23-39.
  50.  9
    Dairy Cows: Workers in the Shadows?Tiphaine Schmitt & Jocelyne Porcher - 2012 - Society and Animals 20 (1):39-60.
    Despite the interest that sociologists, especially in the English-speaking world, show in animals and human-animal relations, we know little about the place that animals actually have in work. The social sciences still see work as a distinctive feature of humans. Based on the hypothesis that animals are actors involved in the process of work, and not simply objects, the relationship of a herd of 60 cows was studied with their farmer, among themselves, and with a milking robot. Our findings show (...)
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