Results for 'social institution'

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  1.  15
    Toward a Social Ontology of the Firm: Reconstitution, Organizing Entity, Institution, Social Emergence and Power.Virgile Chassagnon - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (2):197-208.
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  2. An Institution of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Multi-National Corporations (MNCs): Form and Implications. [REVIEW]Krista Bondy, Jeremy Moon & Dirk Matten - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (2):281-299.
    This article investigates corporate social responsibility (CSR) as an institution within UK multi-national corporations (MNCs). In the context of the literature on the institutionalization of CSR and on critical CSR, it presents two main findings. First, it contributes to the CSR mainstream literature by confirming that CSR has not only become institutionalized in society but that a form of this institution is also present within MNCs. Secondly, it contributes to the critical CSR literature by suggesting that unlike (...)
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  3.  8
    Developing Critical Thinking About the Role of Business as a Private Social Institution.Alain Lapointe & Corinne Gendron - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:307-312.
    Teaching business ethics and corporate social responsibility should neither be misconstrued as a plea for moral rectitude, nor as a limited utilitarian recipe for managing public interest issues or stakeholders — as it too often is. Rather, teaching CSR should allow students to recognize corporations as social institutions so that they can gauge their impact on a social scale and better weigh the values that inform them.However, this vision of CSR training has not found many supporters in (...)
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  4.  1
    The Precautionary Principle and the Social Institution of Blood Donation.Cristian Timmermann - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (3):52-54.
    As a policy instrument that is deeply rooted in technology assessment, the precautionary principle examines the effects of a given object on humans and the environment. In practice the principle is rarely used to analyze the effects of our safety measures on the object itself or the way it is produced. Yet it is exactly in the effect on the blood procurement system that blood safety regulations based on the precautionary principle have to be particularly careful, as the vast majority (...)
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  5. Social Science as a Social Institution: Neutrality and the Politics of Social Research.Fred D'Agostino - 1995 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (3):396-405.
    Philosophy of Social Science, that social scientific investigations do not and cannot meet the liberal requirement of "neutrality" most familiar to social scientists in the form of Max Weber's requirement of value-freedom. He argues, moreover, that this is for "institutional," not idiosyncratic, reasons: methodological demands (e.g., of validity) impel social scientists to pass along into their "objective" investigations the values of the people, groups, and cultures they are studying. In this paper, I consider the implications of (...)
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  6.  4
    [Electricity and the social institution of science: thoughts for a conclusion].D. Roche - 2000 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (1):99-114.
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  7. The Theory Theory Thrice Over: The Child as Scientist, Superscientist, or Social Institution?Michael A. Bishop - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 33 (1):121-36.
    Alison Gopnik and Andrew Meltzoff have argued for a view they call the ‘theory theory’: theory change in science and children are similar. While their version of the theory theory has been criticized for depending on a number of disputed claims, we argue that there is a fundamental problem which is much more basic: the theory theory is multiply ambiguous. We show that it might be claiming that a similarity holds between theory change in children and (i) individual scientists, (ii) (...)
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  8.  27
    Social Institution, Cognition, and Survival: A Cognitive–Social Simulation.Ron Sun & Isaac Naveh - 2007 - Mind and Society 6 (2):115-142.
    Although computational models of cognitive agents that incorporate a wide range of cognitive functionalities have been developed in cognitive science, most of the work in social simulation still assumes rudimentary cognition on the part of the agents. In contrast, in this work, the interaction of cognition and social structures/processes is explored, through simulating survival strategies of tribal societies. The results of the simulation demonstrate interactions between cognitive and social factors. For example, we show that cognitive capabilities and (...)
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  9. The Theory Theory Thrice Over: The Child as Scientist, Superscientist or Social Institution?A. M. & M. S. - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):117-132.
    Alison Gopnik and Andrew Meltzoff have argued for a view they call the 'theory theory': theory change in science and children are similar. While their version of the theory theory has been criticized for depending on a number of disputed claims, we argue that there is a fundamental problem which is much more basic: the theory theory is multiply ambiguous. We show that it might be claiming that a similarity holds between theory change in children and (i) individual scientists, (ii) (...)
     
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  10.  1
    Small Business as a Social Institution.Kurt Mayer - 1947 - Social Research 14:332-349.
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  11.  7
    The Theory Theory Thrice Over: The Child as Scientist, Superscientist or Social Institution?Michael A. Bishop & Stephen M. Downes - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):117-132.
  12.  33
    Art as a Social Institution: Dickie's New Definition.Richard J. Sclafani - 1973 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 32 (1):111-114.
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  13.  28
    The Status of Linguistic Facts: Rethinking the Relation Between Cognition, Social Institution and Utterance From a Functional Point of View.Peter Harder - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (1):52–76.
  14.  3
    Électricité Et Institution Sociale de la Science. Réflexions Pour Une Conclusion/Electricity and the Social Institution of Science. Thoughts for a Conclusion. [REVIEW]Daniel Roche - 2000 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (1):99-114.
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  15.  7
    Positive Evidence as a Social Institution.Joseph Agassi - 1971 - Philosophia 1 (3-4):143-157.
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  16. Free Will as a Social Institution.Wolfgang Prinz - 2006 - In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? MIT Press. pp. 257-276.
  17. Hatred as a Social Institution in Late-Medieval Society.Daniel Lord Smail - 2001 - Speculum 76 (1):90-126.
     
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  18. Art as a Social Institution.Ramona Cormier - 1977 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 58 (2):161.
     
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  19. Science as a Social Institution.Gerard L. DeGré - 1955 - Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday.
     
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  20. Science as a Social Institution an Introduction to the Sociology of Science.Gerard L. Degré - 1955 - Doubleday.
     
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  21. War as a Social Institution by Jesse D. Clarkson; Thomas C. Cochran. [REVIEW]Mark Graubard - 1943 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 34:422-422.
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  22. Art as a Social Institution.Michael H. Mitias - 1975 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 56 (3):330.
     
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  23.  17
    On the Importance of the Institution and Social Self in a Sociology of Conflicts of Interest.Christopher Mayes - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry (Browse Results) 9 (2):217-218.
    On the Importance of the Institution and Social Self in a Sociology of Conflicts of Interest Content Type Journal Article Category Case Studies Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11673-012-9355-1 Authors Christopher Mayes, Rock Ethics Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, 201 Willard Building, University Park, PA 16802-1601, USA Journal Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Online ISSN 1872-4353 Print ISSN 1176-7529.
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  24.  5
    The Individual or the Institution? Ethics and Behavioural Responses to Social Insurance.Mikael Dubois - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (3):316–328.
    abstract Individuals tend to change their behaviour as a response to insurance. Such behavioural responses to insurance are commonly seen as ethically and morally problematic. This is especially true of effects on behaviour from social insurance. These effects have been seen as an ethical problem, associated with irresponsibility, fraud and an immoral character. This article discusses the relevance of four different types of reasons for claims that behavioural responses to social insurance are immoral. These reasons are independent reasons (...)
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  25.  49
    The Ethics of Psychology's Role in Politics and the Development and Institution of Social Policy.Michelle M. Martel - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (2):103 – 111.
    The relationship between psychological research and the development of social policy is controversial, as is any discussion of the role of values and morals within science. Three particular instances of this controversy are evident in psychological research conducted on affirmative action, child abuse, and abortion. The American Psychological Association (APA) in fact takes a particular organizational stance on these issues. APA's Ethics Code provides some guidelines for dealing with issues of personal values as they impact psychological research and the (...)
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  26. Social Subjectivity: Psychotherapy as Central Institution.Jeffrey C. Alexander - 2009 - Thesis Eleven 96 (1):128-134.
  27.  83
    The Interpretative Institution of Society: On Arnason's Social Theory.Paul Raymond Harrison - 1991 - Thesis Eleven 30 (1):148-160.
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  28.  7
    Corporate Social Responsibility as Institution: A Social Mechanisms Framework.Sara Bice - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
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  29.  1
    On the Importance of the Institution and Social Self in a Sociology of Conflicts of Interest.Christopher Mayes - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):217-218.
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  30.  2
    Social Constructivism and the Institution of the School.Michael Greer - 1999 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 31 (1):77–86.
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  31. Virginia M. Walsh.Global Institutions and Social Knowledge: Generating Research at the Scripps Institution and the Inter‐American Tropical Tuna Commission, 1900s–1990s. Xvi +171 Pp., Table, Notes, Bibl., Index. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2004. [REVIEW]Jennifer Hubbard - 2005 - Isis 96 (4):646-647.
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  32. Social Change and Scientific Organization: The Royal Institution, 1799-1844Morris Berman.Michael Neve - 1979 - Isis 70 (4):623-625.
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  33.  34
    A New Debate on an Old Question. Introductory Note to 'Can the Social Contract Be Signed by an Invisible Hand'.Bernd Lahno - 2013 - RMM 4:39-43.
  34.  11
    Інститут інтелектуальної власності в епоху інформації й постмодерну: Соціально-філософський ракурс.Oleksandr Stovpets - 2016 - Схід 3:93-100.
    The article analyzes social-philosophic aspects for development of the Intellectual Property Institution as a specific social institution that exists and functions in a changing sociocultural conditions. There was particularly made an attempt to reconsider the meaning and character of those transformations in the field of intellectual property - taking into account also the Information Society context and realities of Postmodern cultural shift.
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  35. Moral Responsibility and the 'Ignorant Scientist'.John Forge - 2000 - Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (3):341-349.
    The question whether a scientist can be responsible for an outcome of her work which she does not foresee, and so is ignorant of, is addressed. It is argued that ignorance can be a ground for the attribution of responsibility, on condition that there are general principles, rules or norms, that the subject should be aware of. It is maintained that there are such rules which inform the practice of science as a social institution.
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  36.  6
    A Communitarian Approach to Public Health.John E. Ataguba & Gavin Mooney - 2011 - Health Care Analysis 19 (2):154-164.
    This paper argues that there is a need to move yet further than has already been suggested by some from the individual to the collective as a base for public health. A communitarian approach is one way to achieve this. This has the advantage of allowing not only the community’s voice to have a say in setting the values for public health but also more formally the development of a constitution on which public health might then be built. It also (...)
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  37.  1
    The Impact of Commercialized Democracy.Vytautas Šlapkauskas - 2009 - Jurisprudence 118 (4):265-284.
    The present article aims to show the effects that the coalescence of liberal democracy and globalisation has on the law as a social institution. The law as a social institution is one of the key foundations for the social integration of modern society, which is why we may suggest a reasonable assumption that the role of the law in modern Western societies should be growing in significance. However, the coalescence of liberal democracy and globalisation is (...)
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  38. Гострі кути реалізації концепції «нової української школи» у дискурсі ідеї глобальної освіти.Гао Вейчжень - 2017 - Гуманітарний Вісник Запорізької Державної Інженерної Академії 69:184-188.
    In this article are considered urgent organizational arrangements, which heads of secondary educational institutions should put in the basis of the mechanism for implementing the concept of the "New Ukrainian School". Conditions of formation and conditions for satisfying the acute social need in the transition of the country to a qualitatively new teaching and educational process at school are covered. Attention is paid to the priority solution of a number of problems of educational management, namely: 1) structural and organizational, (...)
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  39.  80
    Institutional Trust: A Less Demanding Form of Trust?Bernd Lahno - 2001 - Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Avanzados 15:19-58.
    With increasing complexity of the networks of social interaction new and more abstract forms of trust are in need. A conceptual analysis of different forms of trust, namely interpersonal trust, trust in groups and institutional trust is given. It is argued that institutional trust cannot totally replace interpersonal trust. Institutional trust rather builds on more personal forms of trust in that it is primarily formed in personal encounters with salient representatives of the institution and presupposes trust in others (...)
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  40.  63
    The Natural Link Between Virtue Ethics and Political Virtue: The Morality of the Market.Javier Aranzadi - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (3):487-496.
    Against the idea that market economy is something greedy and immoral, we will set out the idea that market economy based on firms has a very positive moral content: the possibility of excellence of human action. Firms based on people acting together, sharing the culture of the organization, toward virtue-based ethics, create and distribute most of the economy’s wealth, innovate, trade and raise living standards. We will present a criterion which states that social coordination improves if the process of (...)
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  41.  8
    On The Social Construction of Reality: Reflections on a Missed Opportunity.Barry Barnes - 2016 - Human Studies 39 (1):113-125.
    The paper recalls my response to Berger’s and Luckmann’s book on reading it shortly after its initial publication. It seeks to convey why it was that I failed to make use of the book at that time, even though I recognised it as an outstanding contribution to my intended field of research, and how later I came to see that this may have been a lost opportunity. The story touches upon diverse important issues including the relationship between epistemology and the (...)
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  42.  8
    Social Norms and Aberrations: Violence and Some Related Social Facts.Evan Simpson - 1970 - Ethics 81 (1):22-35.
    For any group there is a point beyond which the accumulation of acts of violence, cruelty, or even rudeness, implies disintegration. By a series of small and plausible transitions this putative empirical generalization may be transformed into a statement about the normative attitudes of persons in stable groups. The generalization may in the first place be more strongly construed as a statement of law governing any society. The weakening of bonds between persons implied by the prevalence of behavior of the (...)
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  43.  9
    Social Responsibility and Social Security: The Foundation of Caja de Pensiones Para la Vejez y de Ahorros. [REVIEW]Antonio Argandoña, Carlos M. Moreno & Joan M. Solà - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (3):319 - 332.
    The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is not new. Many entrepreneurs created and developed companies along the time, with a strong sense of ethical and social responsibility. This article presents an example of how CSR was conceived and put into practice when Caja de Pensiones para la Vejez y de Ahorros was created in Barcelona in 1905, following the life and ideas of its founder, Francesc Moragas, a lawyer with a deep commitment for social action and (...)
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  44.  1
    The Monster of Supercapitalism.Alex C. Michalos - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):37 - 48.
    Among other interesting claims made in Robert Reich's 2007 treatise, Supercapitalism, it is asserted in various ways that proponents of corporate social responsibility (CSR) or what I would call 'business ethics' are engaged in relatively unproductive exercises. Their resources would be better used if they undertook the hard work of engagement in democratic political processes leading to legislation that would force corporations to pursue the public interest as well as their own. In this article, I summarize some of Reich's (...)
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  45.  9
    Recognition, Acknowledgement, and Acceptance.Arto Laitinen - 2011 - In Heikki Ikäheimo & Arto Laitinen (eds.), Recognition and Social Ontology. Brill. pp. 309-347.
    In this chapter I distinguish between a) recognition of persons, b) normative acknowledgement and c) institution-creating acceptance. All of these go beyond a fourth, merely descriptive sense of the word “recognition,” namely identification or re-identification of something as something. I distinguish four aspects of "taking someone as a person": R1 A Belief that the other is a person, and can engage in agency-regarding relations.R2 Moral Opinion that the choice whether and when to engage with persons is ethically significant.R3 Willingness (...)
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  46.  1
    Humane Healthcare as a Theme for Social Ethics.Martien Pijnenburg - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (3):245-252.
    The concept of ‘humane healthcare’ cannot and may not be limited to a personal virtue. For elucidating its meaning and making it functional as a critical ethical criterion for healthcare as a social institution, it is necessary to reflect on the social, cultural, and historical conditions in which modern healthcare finds its offspring and its further development. Doing this is the object and aim of social ethics. Social ethics in itself covers a broad area of (...)
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  47. An Analysis of Corporate Social Responsibility at Credit Line: A Narrative Approach.Michael Humphreys & Andrew D. Brown - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (3):403-418.
    This article presents the results of an inductive, interpretive case study. We have adopted a narrative approach to the analysis of organizational processes in order to explore how individuals in a financial institution dealt with relatively novel issues of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The narratives that we reconstruct, which we label 'idealism and altruism', 'economics and expedience' and 'ignorance and cynicism' illustrate how people in the specific organizational context of a bank ('Credit Line') sought to cope with an (...)
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  48. The Metaphysics of Social Justice: Coalitional Activism at the Intersections of Sexism, Racism, and Heterosexism.Jennifer McWeeny - 2016 - In Cantice Greene (ed.), Teaching Women's Studies in Conservative Contexts: Considering Perspectives for an Inclusive Dialogue. Routledge. pp. 69-87.
    On February 3, 2010, a group of John Carroll University students and alumni walked onto the basketball court during halftime at a “Jesuit Spotlight” basketball game and remained seated there, holding rainbow flags and singing together, in protest against the University’s failure to adequately protect LGBTQ students and faculty members from harm and discrimination. This moment marked the beginning of a student-led activist campaign lasting many months whose explicit goal was to have John Carroll University change its Equal Employment Opportunity (...)
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  49.  28
    The Private Equity-Leveraged Buyout Form of Finance Capitalism: Ethical and Social Issues, and Potential Reforms.Richard P. Nielsen - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (3):379-404.
    This article explains how the private equity-leveraged buyout type of financial institution (PE-LBO) operates as a form of finance capitalism. PE-LBO capitalism is described and compared with other types of capitalism such as family business capitalism, managerial capitalism, and other forms of finance capitalism such as shareholder value capitalism. Ethical and social issues structurally related to the PE-LBO form are analyzed. Potential reforms and/or solutions are considered.
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  50.  36
    An Analysis of Corporate Social Responsibility, Corporate Identity and Ethics Teaching in Business Schools.Nelarine Cornelius, James Wallace & Rana Tassabehji - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 76 (1):117-135.
    Recent events have raised concerns about the ethical standards of public and private organisations, with some attention falling on business schools as providers of education and training to managers and senior executives. This paper investigates the nature of, motivation and commitment to, ethics tuition provided by the business schools. Using content analysis of their institutional and home websites, we appraise their corporate identity, level of engagement in socially responsible programmes, degree of social inclusion, and the relationship to their ethics (...)
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