Results for 'social structure'

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  1.  43
    For Emergence: Refining Archer's Account of Social Structure.Dave Elder-vass - 2007 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (1):25–44.
    The question of social structure and its relationship to human agency remains one of the central problems of social theory. One of the most promising attempts to provide a solution has been Margaret Archer's morphogenetic approach, which invokes emergence to justify treating social structure as causally effective. Archer's argument, however, has been criticised by a number of authors who suggest that the examples she cites can be explained in reductionist terms and thus that they fail (...)
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  2.  49
    Social Structure and Social Relations.Dave Elder-vass - 2007 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (4):463–477.
    This paper replies to Porpora, King, and Varela's responses to my earlier paper “For Emergence”, focussing on the relationship between the concepts of social structure and social relations. It recognises the importance of identifying the mechanisms responsible whenever we make claims for the emergence of causal powers, and discusses the mechanism underlying one case of social structure: normative institutions. It also shows how critical realism reconciles the claims that both social structures and human individuals (...)
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  3.  23
    Social Structure and Nursing Research.Stuart Nairn - 2009 - Nursing Philosophy 10 (3):191-202.
    The concept of social structure is ill defined in the literature despite the perennial problem and ongoing discussion about the relationship between agency and structure. In this paper I will provide an outline of what the term social structure means, but my main focus will be on emphasizing the value of the concept for nursing research and demonstrate how its erasure in some research negatively effects on our understanding of the nurses' role in clinical practice. (...)
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  4.  34
    On Social Structure.A. R. Radcliffe-Brown - 1940 - Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 70 (1).
    Advocates anthropology as a science focused on social structure.
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  5.  19
    Cognitive and Social Structure of the Elite Collaboration Network of Astrophysics: A Case Study on Shifting Network Structures. [REVIEW]Richard Heidler - 2011 - Minerva 49 (4):461-488.
    Scientific collaboration can only be understood along the epistemic and cognitive grounding of scientific disciplines. New scientific discoveries in astrophysics led to a major restructuring of the elite network of astrophysics. To study the interplay of the epistemic grounding and the social network structure of a discipline, a mixed-methods approach is necessary. It combines scientometrics, quantitative network analysis and visualization tools with a qualitative network analysis approach. The centre of the international collaboration network of astrophysics is demarcated by (...)
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  6.  4
    Materialism, Emergentism, and Social Structure: A Response to Wendt's Quantum Mind.Douglas V. Porpora - 2018 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 48 (2):183-187.
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  7.  20
    A Mathematical Model of Prediction-Driven Instability: How Social Structure Can Drive Language Change. [REVIEW]W. Garrett Mitchener - 2011 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 20 (3):385-396.
    I discuss a stochastic model of language learning and change. During a syntactic change, each speaker makes use of constructions from two different idealized grammars at variable rates. The model incorporates regularization in that speakers have a slight preference for using the dominant idealized grammar. It also includes incrementation: The population is divided into two interacting generations. Children can detect correlations between age and speech. They then predict where the population’s language is moving and speak according to that prediction, which (...)
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  8.  36
    Re‐Conceptualizing Abstract Conceptualization in Social Theory: The Case of the “Structure” Concept.Omar Lizardo - 2013 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (2):155-180.
    I this paper, I draw on recent research on the radically embodied and perceptual bases of conceptualization in linguistics and cognitive science to develop a new way of reading and evaluating abstract concepts in social theory. I call this approach Sociological Idea Analysis. I argue that, in contrast to the traditional view of abstract concepts, which conceives them as amodal “presuppositions” removed from experience, abstract concepts are irreducibly grounded in experience and partake of non-negotiable perceptual-symbolic features from which a (...)
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  9. Self, Social Structure, and Beliefs Explorations in Sociology.Jeffrey C. Alexander, Gary T. Marx & Christine L. Williams - 2004
     
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  10. Explaining Human Behavior Consciousness, Human Action, and Social Structure.Paul F. Secord - 1982
  11.  5
    Interacting Neural Networks and the Emergence of Social Structure.Christina Stoica-Klüver & Jürgen Klüver - 2007 - Complexity 12 (3):41-52.
  12. Ethics and Social Structure.Tore Nordenstam - 1968 - [Umeå, Sweden, Dept. Of Sociology, University of Umeå].
  13.  93
    Corporate Social Responsibility, Ownership Structure, and Political Interference: Evidence From China. [REVIEW]Wenjing Li & Ran Zhang - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (4):631 - 645.
    Prior research suggests that ownership structure is associated to corporate social responsibility (CSR) in developed countries. This article examines whether and how ownership structure affects CSR in emerging markets using Chinese firms' social responsibility ranking. Our empirical evidences show that for non-state-owned firms, corporate ownership dispersion is positively associated to CSR. However, for state-owned firms, whose controlling shareholder is the state, this relation is reversed. We attribute the reversed relationship to political interferences and further test this (...)
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  14.  5
    Learning the Structure of Social Influence.Samuel J. Gershman, Hillard Thomas Pouncy & Hyowon Gweon - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S3).
    We routinely observe others’ choices and use them to guide our own. Whose choices influence us more, and why? Prior work has focused on the effect of perceived similarity between two individuals, such as the degree of overlap in past choices or explicitly recognizable group affiliations. In the real world, however, any dyadic relationship is part of a more complex social structure involving multiple social groups that are not directly observable. Here we suggest that human learners go (...)
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  15.  38
    The Effect of Ownership Structure on Corporate Social Responsibility: Empirical Evidence From Korea. [REVIEW]Won Yong Oh, Young Kyun Chang & Aleksey Martynov - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (2):283-297.
    Relatively little research has examined the effects of ownership on the firms’ corporate social responsibility (CSR). In addition, most of it has been conducted in the Western context such as the U.S. and Europe. Using a sample of 118 large Korean firms, we hypothesize that different types of shareholders will have distinct motivations toward the firm’s CSR engagement. We break down ownership into different groups of shareholders: institutional, managerial, and foreign ownerships. Results indicate a significant, positive relationship between CSR (...)
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  16.  5
    Politics and Social Structure in The Culture of Control.Bruce Western - 2004 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 7 (2):33-41.
    David Garland's The Culture of Control provides a powerful analysis of trends in crime and criminal justice policy over the last 30 years. This note re?examines two parts of the Garland thesis. First, it argues that punitive criminal justice policy is rooted in an authoritarian neoconservative politics that shares little with free?market ideology. Second, research on the collateral consequences of incarceration suggests that the penal system, at least in America, has become a significant influence on, rather than just a product (...)
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  17.  19
    Conflicting Varieties of Realism: Causal Powers and the Problems of Social Structure.Charles R. Varela & Rom Harré - 1996 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (3):313-325.
    Proponents of the view that social structures are ontologically distinct from the people in whose actions they are immanent have assumed that structures can stand in causal relations to individual practices. Were causality to be no more than Humean concomitance correlations between structure and practices would be unproblematic. But two prominent advocates of the ontological account of structures, Bhaskar and Giddens, have also espoused a powers theory of causality. According to that theory causation is brought about by the (...)
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  18. Three Descriptive Models of Social Structure.Philip K. Bock - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (2):168-174.
    In this article, three descriptive models are described and compared in an attempt to discover the minimum number of concepts and relations necessary to an abstract description of social structure. It is argued that a "situational model" which uses the concepts of social time, social space and social role together with the relations of internal structure and external distribution is both adequate to the task and superior to the two other models. The advantages and (...)
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  19.  20
    Perceptual Skill And Social Structure.Jessie Munton - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Visual perception relies on stored information and environmental associations to arrive at a determinate representation of the world. This opens up the disturbing possibility that our visual experiences could themselves be subject to a kind of racial bias, simply in virtue of accurately encoding previously encountered environmental regularities. This possibility raises the following question: what, if anything, is wrong with beliefs grounded upon these prejudicial experiences? They are consistent with a range of epistemic norms, including evidentialist and reliabilist standards for (...)
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  20. Emotion, Social Theory, and Social Structure: A Macrosociological Approach.J. M. Barbalet - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Emotion, Social Theory, and Social Structure takes sociology in a new direction. It examines key aspects of social structure by using a fresh understanding of emotions categories. Through that synthesis emerge new perspectives on rationality, class structure, social action, conformity, basic rights, and social change. As well as giving an innovative view of social processes, J. M. Barbalet's study also reveals unappreciated aspects of emotions by considering fear, resentment, vengefulness, shame, and (...)
     
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  21.  24
    “Talk and Social Structure” and “Studies of Work”.George Psathas - 1995 - Human Studies 18 (2-3):139 - 155.
    This paper takes up the current discussion and disagreement among ethnomethodologists and conversation analysts concerning how conversation analysis should address questions of social structure. It also discusses the question of whether conversation analysis can address questions concerning the organisation of work as developed in the studies of work program of ethnomethodologists. Five different types of ethnomethodological and conversation analytic studies are delineated in order to show that, altough they differ in problem selection and formulation, methodological preference and foci, (...)
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  22.  25
    Woman, Man, and the Evolution of Social Structure.Riane Eisler - 1987 - World Futures 23 (1):79-92.
    This paper (presented during the Physis: Inhabiting the Earth conference, Florence, Italy, October 28?31, 1986) examines the evolution of social structure from the new perspective of findings indicating that how the relations between the female and male halves of humanity are structured has profoundly affected human social organization as well as the direction of cultural evolution. Drawing from archeological data and the study of ancient myths, it briefly traces the development of western culture through Paleolithic, Neolithic, and (...)
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  23.  2
    The Social Structure of Islamicate Science.Peter Barker - 2017 - Journal of World Philosophies 2 (2).
    The view that Islamicate science went into decline while European science was getting started is still commonly held among historians of science and almost universal in general history and popular presentations. Different versions of the decline thesis make it start in the 11 th century with the work of Ibn al-Haytham and al-Ghaz ā l ī ; in the 13 th century with the sack of Baghdad, or at latest with the beginning of the “Scientific Revolution” in Europe. However, it (...)
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  24.  18
    The Dietary Limitations Imposed by Mexico's Social Structure.Christina Piña - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):199-215.
    Blaming the individual for poor dietary habits is much easier than changing the social structure. Although society frequently assumes that the individual is able to select a particular diet amongst an array of choices, this research shows that the societal structure has quite a determinative role. This research focuses on malnutrition in Mexico and the sociopolitical and economic histories that have contributed to and maintained Mexicans’ unhealthy status. The findings of this research support Weber’s and Bourdieu’s theories (...)
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  25.  3
    Transition From Equality to the Hierarchical Social Structure and Urban Form in the Early Islamic Cities.Hassan Karimian - 2011 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 86 (2):237-270.
    Early Islamic social structure has been characterised as one of equality and its urban forms as ones with little differentiation as typified by Medina. However, it seems that unlike Medina the City of the Prophet, the form of newly established Islamic cities, such as Baghdad and Samarra account for changes in the structure of Islamic society and reflect the introduction of a class society. The main focus of this research is, therefore, to examine whether establishment of such (...)
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  26. Contemporary Capitalism and its Crises: Social Structure of Accumulation Theory for the 21st Century.Terrence McDonough, Michael Reich & David M. Kotz (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    This volume analyses contemporary capitalism and its crises based on a theory of capitalist evolution known as the social structure of accumulation theory. It applies this theory to explain the severe financial and economic crisis that broke out in 2008 and the kind of changes required to resolve it. The editors and contributors make available new work within this school of thought on such issues as the rise and persistence of the 'neoliberal' or 'free-market' form of capitalism since (...)
     
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  27. The Horizon of Modernity: Subjectivity and Social Structure in New Confucian Philosophy.Ady Van den Stock - 2016 - Brill.
    _The Horizon of Modernity_ provides a historicized account of New Confucian philosophy in relation to the contemporary revival of Confucianism and explores the nexus between subjectivity and social structure in the works of Mou Zongsan, Tang Junyi, and Xiong Shili.
     
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  28. The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure.Brian Skyrms - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    Brian Skyrms, author of the successful Evolution of the Social Contract has written a sequel. The book is a study of ideas of cooperation and collective action. The point of departure is a prototypical story found in Rousseau's A Discourse on Inequality. Rousseau contrasts the pay-off of hunting hare where the risk of non-cooperation is small but the reward is equally small, against the pay-off of hunting the stag where maximum cooperation is required but where the reward is so (...)
     
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  29.  65
    Social Structure and the Effects of Conformity.Kevin Zollman - 2010 - Synthese 172 (3):317-340.
    Conformity is an often criticized feature of human belief formation. Although generally regarded as a negative influence on reliability, it has not been widely studied. This paper attempts to determine the epistemic effects of conformity by analyzing a mathematical model of this behavior. In addition to investigating the effect of conformity on the reliability of individuals and groups, this paper attempts to determine the optimal structure for conformity. That is, supposing that conformity is inevitable, what is the best way (...)
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  30.  3
    Implicit Bias: From Social Structure to Representational Format.Josefa Toribio - 2018 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 33 (1).
    In this paper, I argue against the view that the representational structure of the implicit attitudes responsible for implicitly biased behaviour is propositional—as opposed to associationist. The proposal under criticism moves from the claim that implicit biased behaviour can occasionally be modulated by logical and evidential considerations to the view that the structure of the implicit attitudes responsible for such biased behaviour is propositional. I argue, in particular, against the truth of this conditional. Sensitivity to logical and evidential (...)
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  31. Distinguished Lecture: Social Structure, Narrative and Explanation.Sally Haslanger - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):1-15.
    Recent work on social injustice has focused on implicit bias as an important factor in explaining persistent injustice in spite of achievements on civil rights. In this paper, I argue that because of its individualism, implicit bias explanation, taken alone, is inadequate to explain ongoing injustice; and, more importantly, it fails to call attention to what is morally at stake. An adequate account of how implicit bias functions must situate it within a broader theory of social structures and (...)
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  32.  23
    Social Theory and Social Structure.Robert K. Merton - 1961 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 11 (44):345-346.
  33. Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization.John Searle (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    The purpose of this book -- Intentionality -- Collective intentionality and the assignment of function -- Language as biological and social -- The general theory of institutions and institutional facts: -- Language and social reality -- Free will, rationality, and institutional facts -- Power : deontic, background, political, and other -- Human rights -- Concluding remarks : the ontological foundations of the social sciences.
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  34.  18
    An Algorithm for Detecting Community Structure of Social Networks Based on Prior Knowledge and Modularity.Haifeng Du, Marcus W. Feldman, Shuzhuo Li & Xiaoyi Jin - 2007 - Complexity 12 (3):53-60.
  35.  22
    Culture and Social Structure: Identity in Turkey.M. Aytül Kasapoğlu & Mehmet C. Ecevit - 2004 - Human Studies 27 (2):137-167.
    Using a historical and biographical perspective, this paper examines the structural elements and cultural signs of contemporary social events and problems in Turkey in order to understand their basic features. Hermeneutics is used in order to understand contemporary Turkey by way of its historical background and prominent biographies. Two basic epic texts were interpreted using Gadamarian hermeneutics with the help of key concepts such as gaza1 and gaza cult. Semiotics is used to examine key concepts as binary opposites. Dialectics (...)
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  36.  4
    Ethics and Social Structure.Joseph Grcic - 1995 - Social Philosophy Today 11:271-284.
  37. "But Mom, Crop-Tops Are Cute!" Social Knowledge, Social Structure and Ideology Critique.Sally Haslanger - 2007 - Philosophical Issues 17 (1):70–91.
  38. Realism and Social Structure.Elizabeth Barnes - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (10):2417-2433.
    Social constructionism is often considered a form of anti-realism. But in contemporary feminist philosophy, an increasing number of philosophers defend views that are well-described as both realist and social constructionist. In this paper, I use the work of Sally Haslanger as an example of realist social constructionism. I argue: that Haslanger is best interpreted as defending metaphysical realism about social structures; that this type of metaphysical realism about the social world presents challenges to some popular (...)
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  39.  37
    The Social Structure of Liquidity: Flexibility, Markets, and States. [REVIEW]Bruce G. Carruthers & Arthur L. Stinchcombe - 1999 - Theory and Society 28 (3):353-382.
  40.  41
    An Examination of the Structure of Executive Compensation and Corporate Social Responsibility: A Canadian Investigation.Lois Schafer Mahoney & Linda Thorn - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 69 (2):149-162.
    We explore the extent to which Boards use executive compensation to incite firms to act in accordance with social and environmental objectives (e.g., Johnson, R. and D. Greening: 1999, Academy of Management Journal 42(5), 564-578; Kane, E. J.: 2002, Journal of Banking and Finance 26, 1919-1933.). We examine the association between executive compensation and corporate social responsibility (CSR) for 77 Canadian firms using three key components of executives' compensation structure: salary, bonus, and stock options. Similar to prior (...)
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  41.  13
    Methods for Studying the Structure of Social Representations: A Critical Review and Agenda for Future Research.Grégory Lo Monaco, Anthony Piermattéo, Patrick Rateau & Jean Louis Tavani - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (3):306-331.
    This article deals with the methodologies commonly used in the framework of the structural approach to social representations. It concerns free and hierarchical evocations, the characterization questionnaire, the similarity analysis, the basic cognitive schemes model, the attribute-challenge technique and the test of context independence. More than a simple review of these methodologies, it offers a critical approach concerning the problems encountered and related to: thresholds or “cutoff points” used to diagnose the structure and the accuracy of the structural (...)
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  42.  18
    The Basic Structure as a System of Social Practices.C. M. Melenovsky - 2013 - Social Theory and Practice 39 (4):599-624.
    In his own writings, Rawls purposively used only a loose characterization of the basic structure, but two prominent misinterpretations highlight the current need for a more detailed account. First, G.A. Cohen argues that the Rawlsian focus on the basic structure is arbitrary due to the Rawlsian appeal to profound effects. Second, some theorists conflate the justification of coercion with the assessment of a basic structure by defining the basic structure as the coercive structure. Both misinterpretations (...)
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  43.  16
    Micro‐Situational Foundations of Social Structure: An Interactionist Exploration of Affective Sanctioning.Irene Rafanell - 2013 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (2):181-204.
    Micro-interaction dynamics of affective sanctioning have been widely acknowledged but rarely related to the emergence of social phenomena. This paper aims to highlight the constitutive force of interaction activity by critically analysing two sociological models, Bourdieu's theory of practice and Barnes's Performative Theory of Social Institutions (PTSI). Such a comparison allows me to reveal two differing models of social phenomena currently operating in sociological debates: an extrinsic structuralist model which tacitly conveys macro-structural phenomena as prior and determinant (...)
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  44.  40
    Realism, Causality and the Problem of Social Structure.Paul Lewis - 2000 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 30 (3):249–268.
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  45.  31
    Cognitive/Affective Processes, Social Interaction, and Social Structure as Representational Re-Descriptions: Their Contrastive Bandwidths and Spatio-Temporal Foci.Aaron V. Cicourel - 2006 - Mind and Society 5 (1):39-70.
    Research on brain or cognitive/affective processes, culture, social interaction, and structural analysis are overlapping but often independent ways humans have attempted to understand the origins of their evolution, historical, and contemporary development. Each level seeks to employ its own theoretical concepts and methods for depicting human nature and categorizing objects and events in the world, and often relies on different sources of evidence to support theoretical claims. Each level makes reference to different temporal bandwidths (milliseconds, seconds, minutes, hours, days, (...)
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  46. Four Concepts of Social Structure Douglas V. Porpora.Douglas V. Porpora - 1989 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (2):195–211.
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  47.  11
    Phrenological Knowledge and the Social Structure of Early Nineteenth-Century Edinburgh.Steven Shapin - 1975 - Annals of Science 32 (3):219-243.
    This account of the conflict between phrenologists and anti-phrenologists in early nineteenth-century Edinburgh is offered as a case study in the sociological explanation of intellectual activity. The historiographical value and propriety of a sociological approach to ideas is defended against accounts which assume the autonomy of knowledge. By attending to the social context of the debate and the functions of ideas in that context one may construct an explanation of why the conflict took the course it did.
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  48.  5
    The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure.Brian Skyrms - 2007 - Studia Logica 85 (1):133-138.
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  49.  54
    The Status of the "Material" in Theories of Culture: From "Social Structure" to "Artefacts".Andreas Reckwitz - 2002 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 32 (2):195–217.
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  50.  20
    Agents' Perceptions of Structure: How Illinois Organic Farmers View Political, Economic, Social, and Ecological Factors. [REVIEW]Leslie A. Duram - 2000 - Agriculture and Human Values 17 (1):35-48.
    Various structural factors influenceorganic farmer decision-making. Analyses that combinestructure and agency provide an opportunity forunderstanding farmers' perceptions of the political,economic, and social ``world'' in which they operate.Rich conversational interviews, conducted with twentycertified organic farmers in Illinois and analyzedwith multiple qualitative methods, show how farmersmediate structural concerns. In addition to political,economic, and social structures, a fourth structure isneeded. Indeed these organic farmers emphasize theimportance of ecological factors in theirdecision-making. Within the perceived economic,political, social, and ecological structures, numeroustopics (...)
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