Results for 'socialism'

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  1. Community, Pluralism and Individualistic Pursuits: A Defence of Why Not Socialism?Alfred Archer - 2016 - Social Theory and Practice 42 (1):57-73.
    Is socialism morally preferable to free market capitalism? G. A. Cohen (2009) has argued that even when the economic inequalities produced by free markets are not the result of injustice, they nevertheless ought to be avoided because they are community undermining. As free markets inevitably lead to economic inequalities and Socialism does not, Socialism is morally preferable. This argument has been the subject of recent criticism. Chad Van Schoelandt (2014) argues that it depends on a conception of (...)
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  2. Illiberal Socialism.Robert S. Taylor - 2014 - Social Theory and Practice 40 (3):433-460.
    Is “liberal socialism” an oxymoron? Not quite, but I will demonstrate here that it is a much more unstable and uncommon hybrid than scholars had previously thought and that almost all liberals should reject socialism, even in its most attractive form. More specifically, I will show that three leading varieties of liberalism—neutralist, plural-perfectionist, and deliberative-democratic—are incompatible with even a moderate form of socialism, viz., associational market socialism. My paper will also cast grave doubt on Rawls’s belief (...)
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  3. The Socialist Principle “From Each According To Their Abilities, To Each According To Their Needs”.Pablo Gilabert - 2015 - Journal of Social Philosophy 46 (2):197-225.
    This paper offers an exploration of the socialist principle “From each according to their abilities, to each according to their needs.” The Abilities/Needs Principle is arguably the ethical heart of socialism but, surprisingly, has received almost no attention by political philosophers. I propose an interpretation of the principle and argue that it involves appealing ideas of solidarity, fair reciprocity, recognition of individual differences, and meaningful work. The paper proceeds as follows. First, I analyze Marx’s formulation of the Abilities/Needs Principle. (...)
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  4.  45
    Work-Related Attitudes, Values and Radical Change in Post-Socialist Contexts: A Comparative Study.Ruth Alas & Christopher J. Rees - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (2):181-189.
    The study draws attention to the transfer of management theories and practices from traditional capitalist countries such as the USA and UK to post-socialist countries that are currently experiencing radical change as they seek to introduce market reforms. It is highlighted that the efficacy of this transfer of management theories and practices is, in part, dependent upon the extent to which work-related attitudes and values vary between traditional capitalist and former socialist contexts. We highlight that practices such as Human Resource (...)
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  5.  25
    Developing Organizational Trust Through Advancement of Employees' Work Ethic in a Post-Socialist Context.Raminta Pučėtaitė & Anna-Maija Lämsä - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (2):325 - 337.
    The paper highlights the dependence of the level of organizational trust on work ethic and aims to show that development of trust in organizations can be␣stimulated by raising the level of work ethic with organizational practices. Based on the framework by Kanungo, R. N. and A. M. Jaeger (1990, ‘Introduction: The Need for Indigenous Management In Developing Countries’, in A. M. Jaeger and R. N. Kanungo (eds.), Management in Developing Countries (Routledge, London), pp. 1–23), historical–cultural analysis of the Lithuanian context (...)
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  6. Revolutionary Saints: Heidegger, National Socialism, and Antinomian Politics.Christopher Rickey - 2002 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Heidegger's connection with Nazism is well known and has been exhaustively debated. But we need to understand better why Heidegger believed National Socialism to be the best cure for the ills of modern society. In this book Christopher Rickey examines the internal logic of Heidegger's ideas to explain how they led him to become a powerful critic of liberalism and a Nazi supporter. Key to Rickey's interpretation is the radically antinomian conception of religiosity he finds at the core of (...)
     
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  7.  30
    G. A. Cohen Why Socialism? című könyvéről (On G. A. Cohen’s Why Socialism?).Attila Tanyi - 2015 - In Balázs Böcskei & Miklós Sebők (eds.), Ötven könyv, amelyet minden baloldalinak ismernie kell (Fifty Books Everyone on the Left Should Know About). Kossuth. pp. 266-271.
    This is a short, critical introduction to Cohen's book and argument: that socialism is justified on several grounds contrary to common opinion. I present Cohen's arguments together with some potential problems as well as responses to them.
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  8.  9
    Heidegger's Volk: Between National Socialism and Poetry.James Phillips - 2005 - Stanford University Press.
    In 1933 the philosopher Martin Heidegger declared his allegiance to Hitler. Ever since, scholars have asked to what extent his work is implicated in Nazism. To address this question properly involves neither conflating Nazism and the continuing philosophical project that is Heidegger's legacy, nor absolving Heidegger and, in the process, turning a deaf ear to what he himself called the philosophical motivations for his political engagement. It is important to establish the terms on which Heidegger aligned himself with National (...). On the basis of an untimely but by no means unprecedented understanding of the mission of the German people, the philosopher first joined but then also criticized the movement. An exposition of Heidegger's conception of Volk hence can and must treat its merits and deficiencies as a response to the enduring impasse in contemporary political philosophy of the dilemma between liberalism and authoritarianism. (shrink)
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  9.  83
    G. A. Cohen's Vision of Socialism.Nicholas Vrousalis - 2010 - Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):185-216.
    This essay is an attempt to piece together the elements of G. A. Cohen's thought on the theory of socialism during his long intellectual voyage from Marxism to political philosophy. It begins from his theory of the maldistribution of freedom under capitalism, moves onto his critique of libertarian property rights, to his diagnosis of the “deep inegalitarian” structure of John Rawls' theory and concludes with his rejection of the “cheap” fraternity promulgated by liberal egalitarianism. The paper's exegetical contention is (...)
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  10.  82
    Jerry Cohens Why Not Socialism? Some Thoughts.John E. Roemer - 2010 - Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):255-262.
    In his book Why Not Socialism? , G.A. Cohen described several kinds of inequality that would be acceptable under socialism, yet nonetheless harmful to community. I describe another kind of inequality with this property, deriving from the legitimate transmission of preferences and values from parents to children. In the same book, Cohen proposes that the designing of a socialist allocation mechanism is a key problem for socialist theory. I maintain this is less of a problem than he believes. (...)
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  11. Cohen on Socialism, Equality and Community.Pablo Gilabert - 2012 - Socialist Studies 8 (1):101-121.
  12.  39
    Marxism and Human Sociobiology: A Comparative Study From the Perspective of Modern Socialist Economic Reforms. [REVIEW]Zhang Boshu - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (4):463-474.
    Modern socialist economic reforms which center on the establishment of a commodity based economic system, demand a reconsideration of human nature. Marxism and human sociobiology give different answers to questions about human nature, but neither is complete in itself. It seems timely, therefore, to suggest that a combination of biological understanding with a Marxist-based social understanding would produce a more adequate notion of human nature, thereby helping us to resolve a number of problems posed by reforms currently taking place in (...)
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  13.  12
    Enrico Ferri's Scientific Socialism: A Marxist Interpretation of Herbert Spencer's Organic Analogy. [REVIEW]Naomi Beck - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):301 - 325.
    Spencer's evolutionary philosophy is usually identified with right-wing doctrines such as individualism, laissez-faire liberalism and even conservatism. Since he himself defended similar positions, it is perhaps not surprising that the study of the political interpretations of his ideas has drawn relatively little attention. In this article I propose to examine a rather atypical reading of Spencer's organic analogy, though definitely not a marginal one: Enrico Ferri's Marxist doctrine of Scientific Socialism. Ferri is not a figure unknown to scholars interested (...)
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  14.  55
    Libertarian Socialism.Nicholas Vrousalis - 2011 - Social Theory and Practice 37 (2):211-226.
    Socialists believe that equality, community, and economic democracy can only be achieved by a system of joint ownership in the means of production. These property rights do not, as such, pass judgment as to what rights individuals have to their own person. Libertarians believe that individual liberty and autonomy are only coextensive with a set of stringent rights to the person and its powers. These property rights do not, as such, pass judgment as to what rights individuals have to the (...)
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  15.  24
    Of Mice and Men: Evolution and the Socialist Utopia. William Morris, H.G. Wells, and George Bernard Shaw. [REVIEW]Piers J. Hale - 2010 - Journal of the History of Biology 43 (1):17 - 66.
    During the British socialist revival of the 1880s competing theories of evolution were central to disagreements about strategy for social change. In News from Nowhere (1891), William Morris had portrayed socialism as the result of Lamarckian processes, and imagined a non-Malthusian future. H.G. Wells, an enthusiastic admirer of Morris in the early days of the movement, became disillusioned as a result of the Malthusianism he learnt from Huxley and his subsequent rejection of Lamarckism in light of Weismann's experiments on (...)
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  16.  61
    Business Ethics and Karl Marx's Theory of Capital – Reflections on Making Use of Capital for Developing China's Socialist Market Economy.Xiaohe Lu - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):95 - 111.
    Making use of capital to develop China’s socialist market economy requires China not only to fully recognize the tendency of capital civilization but also to realize its intrinsic limitations and to seek conditions and a path for overcoming contradictions in the mode of capitalist production. Karl Marx’s theory of capital provides us with a key to understanding and dealing properly with problems of capital. At the same time we should also pay heed to Western research on, experience with, and lessons (...)
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  17.  12
    How Milk Does the World Good: Vernacular Sustainability and Alternative Food Systems in Post-Socialist Europe. [REVIEW]Diana Mincyte - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (1):41-52.
    Scholarly debates on sustainable consumption have generally overlooked alternative agro-food networks in the economies outside of Western Europe and North America. Building on practice-based theories, this article focuses on informal raw milk markets in post-socialist Lithuania to examine how such alternative systems emerge and operate in the changing political, social, and economic contexts. It makes two contributions to the scholarship on sustainable consumption. In considering semi-subsistence practices and poverty-driven consumption, this article argues for a richer, more critical, and inclusive theory (...)
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  18.  42
    Socialism in One Country: A Reassessment. [REVIEW]Van Ree Erik - 1998 - Studies in East European Thought 50 (2):77-117.
    Until 1917 Lenin and Trotsky believed that an isolated revolutionary Russia would have no chance of survival. However, from 1917 to 1923 Lenin's standpoint on this matter underwent a complete reversal. First he came to the conclusion that socialism could be built in an isolated Russia, although it would remain incomplete in the absence of the world revolution. By 1923 he was abandoning that latter qualification too. The standpoint of Stalin and Bukharin in the debate on socialism in (...)
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  19.  21
    Naming Being – or the Philosophical Content of Heidegger’s National Socialism.Vincent Blok - 2012 - Heidegger Studies 28:101-122.
    This contribution discusses the philosophical meaning of the Martin Heidegger’s Rectoral address. First of all, Heidegger’s philosophical basic experience is sketched as the background of his Rectoral address; the being-historical concept of “Anfang”. Then, the philosophical question of the Rectoral address is discussed. It is shown, that Die Selbstbehauptung der deutschen Universität is asking for the identity of human being there (Dasein) in connection with the question about dem Eigenen (the Germans) and dem Fremden (the Greeks). This opposition structuralizes the (...)
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  20.  11
    Socialist Realism and Sreten Marić.Dusan Boskovic - 2005 - Filozofija I Društvo 27:163-187.
    In histories of Serbian painting Sreten Marić is listed among the protagonists of socialist realism, and that on the basis of a single article - his criticism of an exhibition staged by the Association of Visual Artists of Serbia to the benefit of wounded veterans . Without denying the historical basis for this judgment, the author of the present paper pleads for a more nuance approach and propounds the thesis that socialist realism was primarily a complex pattern of social relations, (...)
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  21.  6
    Socialismul si camuflarea de gen/ Socialism and gender camouflage.Stefania Mihalache - 2010 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 2 (6):117-131.
    Eroticism seems to be the essence of individuation and the freedom that brings Otherness into being. For this reason eroticism had to be disguised and softened by a mechanism of control within the society of any monolithic communist power. There- fore, one of the images that were altered was that of the woman. This was done under the pretext of a project of emancipation, initiated by the Communist party, which made claims in women’s name but utilized women’s organizations for socialist-communist (...)
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  22.  5
    Catholic Social Thought in the Interwar Period in Lithuania: The Image of Social State under the Rule of Law in Socialism.Eglė Venckienė - 2013 - Jurisprudence 20 (2):391-406.
    Social life is changing very fast. People are trying to find out reasons of living in a safe society and understand their role in it. The ‘wrong’ and ‘right‘ models of the social life, state and law systems are appearing. In the XXth century, one of them – socialism – made suggestion how to solve social problems, determinated of capitalism. This work deals with the situation of Lithuanian social thought in the Republic of Lithuania (1900-1940). In the article, the (...)
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  23.  68
    Proposed Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism and Syndicalism.Bertrand Russell - 1919 - Henry Holt and Company.
    What is perhaps most remarkable in regard to both Socialism and Anarchism is the association of a widespread popular movement with ideals for a better world. The ideals have been elaborated, in the first instance, by solitary writers of books, and yet powerful sections of the wage-earning classes have accepted them as their guide in the practical affairs of the world. In regard to Socialism this is evident; but in regard to Anarchism it is only true with some (...)
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  24.  4
    The Socialist Project for Gender (In)Equality: A Critical Discussion.Raluca Maria Popa - 2010 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 2 (6):49-72.
    For most of nineteenth-century socialists, whose writings are examined in the scope of this paper, women’s equality with men was understood mainly in terms of their equal participation in the working collective. However, this concept of equality left unexamined the sexual division of labor by which men are central to production and women are central to reproduction. In the process of change towards a new socialist society, women were given the additional role of workers, but the bases of the unequal (...)
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  25. “Egalitatea complexa” sau socialismul in versiunea lui Michael Walzer/“Complex Equality” or Michael Walzer’s Version of Socialism".Cecilia Tohaneanu - 2013 - Sfera Politicii 173.
    This paper presents Walzer’s pluralist approach to justice as contrasted with standard egalitarian liberalist accounts such as Rawls’s. Walzer’s notion of “complex equality” is discussed in order to see whether by defending the sort of socialism attached to it, he can be still situated within the liberal tradition of thought, or the so-called “socialism of o liberal kind”, as he likes to term it, means a moving away from the basic liberal principles. In my view, since Walzer’s conventionalist (...)
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  26. Toward a New Socialism.Anatole Anton & Richard Schmitt (eds.) - 2006 - Lexington Books.
    The socialist project is burdened by a history of brutal failures. The authors of the papers collected in this volume are convinced that a democratic and humane socialism is both desirable and possible. They lay out their view of different aspects of this new socialism in this book. Anatole Anton and Richard Schmitt are both the editors and contributors to this book. -/- Select chapters translated into Spanish have appeared in a volume in Barcelona, Spain.
     
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  27. Toward a New Socialism.Anatole Anton & Richard Schmitt (eds.) - 2007 - Lexington Books.
    Toward a New Socialism offers a critical analysis of capitalism's failings and the imminent need for socialism as an alternative form of government. Dr. Richard Schmitt joins with Dr. Anatole Anton to compile a volume of essays exploring the benefits and consequences of a socialist system as an avenue of increased human solidarity and ethical principle.
     
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  28.  10
    German Socialist Philosophy.Ludwig Feuerbach - 1997 - Continuum.
    This volume in The German Library redresses this situation by including some of the most influential and trenchant writings of all three socialist philosophers, ...
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  29. Liberal Socialism: An Alternative Social Ideal Grounded in Rawls and Marx.Ian Hunt - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    Liberal Socialism exposes false ideas of justice behind neo-liberal capitalism and combines Rawls's ideas on justice and Marx's views on capitalism to make a plausible case for the alternative social ideal of liberal socialism. A fixed social structure gives equal weight to all competing claims for rights, liberties, and shares of the burdens and benefits of social cooperation, while allowing a democratic majority vote for liberal socialism.
     
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  30.  22
    Socialism, Feminism, and Philosophy: A Radical Philosophy Reader.Sean Sayers & Peter Osborne (eds.) - 1984 - Routledge.
    Since 1972, the journal Radical Philosophy has provided a forum for the discussion of radical and critical ideas in philosophy. This anthology reprints some of the best articles to have appeared in the journal during the past five years. It covers topics in social and moral philosophy which are central to current controversies on the left, focusing on theoretical issues raised by socialist, feminist, and environmental movements. The articles engage with contemporary issues in critical terms, and represent the best of (...)
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  31. Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics.Ernesto Laclau (ed.) - 1985 - Verso.
     
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  32. Feasibility and Socialism.Pablo Gilabert - 2011 - Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (1):52-63.
  33. The Scientific Origins of National Socialism: Social Darwinism in Ernst Haeckel and the German Monist League.Daniel Gasman - 1971 - New York: American Elsevier.
  34.  41
    Review of Build It Now: Socialism for the Twenty-First Century. [REVIEW]Kanchan Sarker - 2009 - Studies in Social Justice 3 (2):263-265.
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  35.  3
    Kantian Ethics and Socialism.Harry van der Linden - 1988 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):393-396.
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  36.  63
    Fichte and the Idea of Liberal Socialism.Nedim Nomer - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (1):53–73.
  37.  16
    [Book Review] Reinventing Revolution, New Social Movements and the Socialist Tradition in India. [REVIEW]Gail Omvedt - 2000 - Feminist Studies 26 (3):645-660.
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  38.  14
    The Lack of Cohesion as the Crucial Problem for Post-Socialist Societies.Hans Zon - 1994 - AI and Society 8 (2):151-163.
  39. Socialism and Positive Science.Enrico Ferri & E. C. Harvey - 1905 - Independent Labour Party.
     
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  40. The Socialist Agenda: Crosland's Legacy.Anthony Crosland, David Lipsey & R. L. Leonard (eds.) - 1981 - Cape.
     
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  41.  18
    The State of the Teutonic Order as a Socialist Society.Krzysztof Brzechczyn - 1993 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 33:397-414.
    This paper aims to analyze the social structure of the society in Teutonic state (1226-1525), which was distinct from structure of estate societies. The author put hypothesis that Teutonic Knight monopolised in their state political, economical and spiritual power. In the light of this thesis certain trends from history of the state of Teutonic Order are explained.
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  42.  6
    Socialism and Culture: Do We Remember It at All?Dusan Boskovic - 2012 - Filozofija I Društvo 23 (3):313-332.
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  43.  5
    Socialism and Ethics.Howard Selsam - 1944 - Philosophical Review 53:608.
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  44. Philosophical Foundations of English Socialism.Adam Bruno Ulam - 1951 - New York: Octagon Books.
     
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  45.  16
    Paradoxes of Social Consciousness Under Socialism.Leszek Nowak - 1992 - Studies in East European Thought 43 (2):159-168.
  46.  3
    Understanding the “Footprint of State Socialism” in East Central European Post-Socialism.Dieter Segert - 2013 - Human Affairs 23 (3):416-428.
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  47. Philosophy of Socialism.Z. A. Ahmad (ed.) - 1940 - Kitabistan.
     
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  48. The Ethics of Socialism Being Further Essays in Modern Socialist Criticism, &C.Ernest Belfort Bax - 1893 - Swan Sonnenschein.
     
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  49. Hitler as Philosophe: Remnants of the Enlightenment in National Socialism.Lawrence Birken - 1995 - Praeger.
  50. Selected Writings on Feminism and Socialism.Lily Braun & Alfred G. Meyer - 1987
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