Results for 'sorites paradox'

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  1.  15
    Vague Disagreements and the Sorites Paradox.Ted Everett - forthcoming - In Otavio Bueno & Ali Abasnezhad (eds.), Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science 33: On the Sorites Paradox. New York: Springer.
    When you and I seriously argue over whether a man of seventy is old enough to count as an "old man", it seems that we are appealing neither to our own separate standards of oldness nor to a common standard that is already fixed in the language. Instead, it seems that both of us implicitly invoke an ideal, shared standard that has yet to be agreed upon: the place where we ought to draw the line. As with other normative standards, (...)
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  2. Higher-Order Sorites Paradox.Elia Zardini - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (1):25-48.
    The naive theory of vagueness holds that the vagueness of an expression consists in its failure to draw a sharp boundary between positive and negative cases. The naive theory is contrasted with the nowadays dominant approach to vagueness, holding that the vagueness of an expression consists in its presenting borderline cases of application. The two approaches are briefly compared in their respective explanations of a paramount phenomenon of vagueness: our ignorance of any sharp boundary between positive and negative cases. These (...)
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  3.  68
    The Observational Sorites Paradox.Patrick Greenough - forthcoming - In Ali Abasnezhad & Otavio Bueno (eds.), Synthese Special Edition. Springer.
    A preliminary goal in what follows is to properly articulate the Observational Sorites Paradox, together with a related paradox which I dub The Observational Paradox . From there, I distinguish the Observational Sorites from a paradox with which it is easily conflated, namely the Phenomenal Sorites Paradox. Next, I outline six treatments of the Observational Sorites, some familiar, others less so. These are: two versions of Subvaluation; two versions of Supervaluation; and, (...)
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  4. A Cognitive Neuroscience, Dual-Systems Approach to the Sorites Paradox.Leib Litman & Mark Zelcer - 2013 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 25 (3):355-366.
    Typical approaches to resolving the sorites paradox attempt to show, in one way or another, that the sorites argument is not paradoxical after all. However, if one can show that the sorites is not really paradoxical, the task remains of explaining why it appears to be a paradox. Our approach begins by addressing the appearance of paradox and then explores what this means for the paradox itself. We examine the sorites from the (...)
     
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  5. Fuzziness and the Sorites Paradox.Marcelo Vasconez - 2006 - Dissertation, Catholic University of Louvain
    The dissertation has two parts, each dealing with a problem, namely: 1) What is the most adequate account of fuzziness -the so-called phenomenon of vagueness?, and 2) what is the most plausible solution to the sorites, or heap paradox? I will try to show that fuzzy properties are those which are gradual, amenable to be possessed in a greater or smaller extent. Acknowledgement of degrees in the instantiation of a property allows for a gradual transition from one opposite (...)
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  6. Vagueness And The Sorites Paradox.Kirk Ludwig & Greg Ray - 2002 - Noûs 36 (s16):419-461.
    A sorites argument is a symptom of the vagueness of the predicate with which it is constructed. A vague predicate admits of at least one dimension of variation (and typically more than one) in its intended range along which we are at a loss when to say the predicate ceases to apply, though we start out confident that it does. It is this feature of them that the sorites arguments exploit. Exactly how is part of the subject of (...)
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  7.  63
    Parfit and the Sorites Paradox.J. M. Goodenough - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 2 (2):113-20.
    This paper aims to establish that Sorites reasoning, a fundamental part of Parfit's work, is more destructive that he intends. I establish the form that Parfit's arguments take and then substitute premises whose acceptability to Parfit I show. The new argument demonstrates an eliminativism or immaterialism concerning persons which Parfit must find repugnant.
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  8.  67
    Wittgenstein and the Sorites Paradox.David Wolach - 2007 - Sorites 19:58-60.
    Any discussion regarding the famous Sorites Paradox is incomplete without considering the value of contextual logic and its meta-language of vagueness. Wittgenstein, though he did not write extensively on the Sorites Paradox in particular, is deeply concerned with its supposed implications. The later Wittgenstein's treatment of logical vagueness in natural and formal languages, and his accompanying treatment of logical soundness as it applies to ordinary languages is thus of considerable help when thinking about the Sorites (...)
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  9. The Sorites Paradox and Higher-Order Vagueness.J. A. Burgess - 1990 - Synthese 85 (3):417-474.
    One thousand stones, suitably arranged, might form a heap. If we remove a single stone from a heap of stones we still have a heap; at no point will the removal of just one stone make sufficient difference to transform a heap into something which is not a heap. But, if this is so, we still have a heap, even when we have removed the last stone composing our original structure. So runs the Sorites paradox. Similar paradoxes can (...)
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  10.  60
    The Sorites Paradox.Richmond Campbell - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 26 (3-4):175-191.
    The premises that a four foot man is short and that a man one tenth of an inch taller than a short man is also short entail by universal instantiation and "modus ponens" that a seven foot man is short. The negation of the second premise seems to entail there are virtually no borderline cases of short men, While to deny the second premise and its negation conflicts with the principle of bivalence, If not excluded middle. But the paradox (...)
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  11.  2
    Three-Valued Semantic Pluralism: A Defense of a Three-Valued Solution to the Sorites Paradox.Wen-Fang Wang - forthcoming - Synthese:1-36.
    Disagreeing with most authors on vagueness, the author proposes a solution that he calls ‘three-valued semantic pluralism’ to the age-old sorites paradox. In essence, it is a three-valued semantics for a first-order vague language with identity with the additional suggestion that a vague language has more than one correct interpretation. Unlike the traditional three-valued approach to a vague language, three-valued semantic pluralism can accommodate the phenomenon of higher-order vagueness and the phenomenon of penumbral connection when equipped with ‘suitable (...)
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  12.  61
    Sorites Paradox.Dominic Hyde - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The sorites paradox is the name given to a class of paradoxical arguments, also known as little by little arguments, which arise as a result of the indeterminacy surrounding limits of application of the predicates involved. For example, the concept of a heap appears to lack sharp boundaries and, as a consequence of the subsequent indeterminacy surrounding the extension of the predicate ‘is a heap’, no one grain of wheat can be identified as making the difference between being (...)
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  13. Facing Up to the Sorites Paradox.Terry Horgan - 2000 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 6:99-111.
    The ancient sorites paradox has important implications for metaphysics, for logic, and for semantics. Metaphysically, the paradox can be harnessed to produce a powerful argument for the claim that there cannot be vague objects or vague properties. With respect to logic, the paradox forces a choice between the highly counterintuitive ‘epistemic’ account of vagueness and the rejection of classical two-valued logic. Regarding semantics, nonclassical approaches to the logic of vagueness lead naturally to the idea that truth, (...)
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  14.  49
    A Note on the Sorites Paradox.Graham Priest - 1979 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 57 (1):74 – 75.
    Informal accounts of the sorites paradox usually emphasize that the problem is one of vagueness. The paper uses the idea of fuzzy truth values to provide a formal semantics which shows precisely how sorites-Type arguments are formally invalid.
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  15.  53
    The Sorites Paradox.Dale A. Thorpe - 1984 - Synthese 61 (3):391 - 421.
    A solution to the sorites paradox is obtained by distinguishing three formats of the sorites argument and appraising them in the light of four fundamental considerations: (i) the appropriate notion of truth for the application of vague predicates to their borderline cases, (ii) a certain construal of borderline cases, (iii) a certain freedom of use of vague terms not enjoyed by non-Vague terms and (iv) the revocation of that freedom by deductive contexts.
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  16.  43
    Remarks on the Current Status of the Sorites Paradox.Richard DeWitt - 1992 - Journal of Philosophical Research 17 (1):93.
    The past twenty or so years have seen the sorites paradox receive a good deal of philosophical air-time. Yet, in what is surely a sign of a good puzzle, no consensus has emerged. It is perhaps a good time to stop and take stock of the current status of the sorites paradox. My main contention is that the proposals offered to date as ways of blocking the paradox are seriously deficient, and hence there is, at (...)
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  17.  26
    Bivalence and the Sorites Paradox.John L. King - 1979 - American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (1):17 - 25.
    Putative resolutions of the sorites paradox in which the major premise is declared false or illegitimate, Including max black's treatment in terms of the alleged illegitimacy of vague attributions to borderline cases, Are rejected on semantical grounds. The resort to a non-Bivalent logic of representational "accuracy" with a continuum of accuracy values is shown to resolve the paradox, And the identification of accuracy values as truth values is defended as compatible with the central insight of the correspondence (...)
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  18.  46
    On the Circularity in the Sorites Paradox.Paul Franceschi - unknown
    I begin by highlighting the importance of the step size in the induction step of the sorites paradox. A careful analysis reveals that the step size can be characterised as a proper instance of the concept very small . After having accurately described the structure of sorites-susceptible predicates, I argue that the structure of the induction step in the Sorites Paradox is inherently circular. This circularity emerges in the structure of Wang's paradox and also (...)
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  19.  26
    Sorites Paradox and Conscious Experience.Tamás Pólya & László Tarnay - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):165-165.
    The theory of consciousness proposed by O'Brien & Opie is open to the Sorites paradox, for it defines a consciousness system internally in terms of computationally relevant units which add up to consciousness only if sufficient in number. The Sorites effect applies on the assumed level of features.
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  20.  1
    Remarks on the Current Status of the Sorites Paradox.Richard Dewitt - 1992 - Journal of Philosophical Research 17:93-118.
    The past twenty or so years have seen the sorites paradox receive a good deal of philosophical air-time. Yet, in what is surely a sign of a good puzzle, no consensus has emerged. It is perhaps a good time to stop and take stock of the current status of the sorites paradox. My main contention is that the proposals offered to date as ways of blocking the paradox are seriously deficient, and hence there is, at (...)
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  21.  4
    Bioethical Issues and Sorites Paradox.Snježana Prijić-Samaržija - 2008 - Synthesis Philosophica 23 (2):203-213.
    The main purpose of this article is an analysis of the Continuity Argument, one of the most influential arguments upon which the moral condemnation of scientific and medical practices such as embryo research and experimentation, assisted reproduction, abortion, therapeutic cloning, etc. are based. I have firstly given a very brief account of the approach that attributes the status of marker event to fertilization, identifying the Continuity Argument between other argumentation. Further, I have tried to distinguish the three possible interpretations of (...)
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  22.  53
    Further Reflections on the Sorites Paradox.Crispin Wright - 1987 - Philosophical Topics 15 (1):227-290.
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  23.  63
    Robust Vagueness and the Forced-March Sorites Paradox.Terence Horgan - 1994 - Philosophical Perspectives 8 (Logic and Language):159-188.
    I distinguish two broad approaches to vagueness that I call "robust" and "wimpy". Wimpy construals explain vagueness as robust (i.e., does not manifest arbitrary precision); that standard approaches to vagueness, like supervaluationism or appeals to degrees of truth, wrongly treat vagueness as wimpy; that vagueness harbors an underlying logical incoherence; that vagueness in the world is therefore impossible; and that the kind of logical incoherence nascent in vague terms and concepts is benign rather than malignant. I describe some implications for (...)
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  24.  94
    Transitivity, the Sorites Paradox, and Similarity-Based Decision-Making.Alex Voorhoeve & Ken Binmore - 2006 - Erkenntnis 64 (1):101-114.
    A persistent argument against the transitivity assumption of rational choice theory postulates a repeatable action that generates a significant benefit at the expense of a negligible cost. No matter how many times the action has been taken, it therefore seems reasonable for a decision-maker to take the action one more time. However, matters are so fixed that the costs of taking the action some large number of times outweigh the benefits. In taking the action some large number of times on (...)
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  25. The Sorites Paradox.James Cargile - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (3):193-202.
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  26.  66
    A Really Fuzzy Approach to the Sorites Paradox.Francesco Paoli - 2003 - Synthese 134 (3):363 - 387.
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  27.  94
    On Soames's Solution to the Sorites Paradox.Teresa Robertson - 2000 - Analysis 60 (4):328–334.
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  28.  39
    Margins for Error and the Sorites Paradox.Peter Mott - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (193):494-504.
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  29.  63
    Vagueness. An Investigation Into Natural Languages and the Sorites Paradox.James Cargile - 1993 - Philosophical Books 34 (1):22-24.
  30.  30
    Fetal Personhood and the Sorites Paradox.Lee F. Kerckhove & Sara Waller - 1998 - Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (2):175-189.
  31.  5
    Three‐Valued Plurivaluationism: A Reply to Williamson's Criticisms on the Three‐Valued Approach to the Sorites Paradox.Wen‐Fang Wang - 2016 - Philosophical Forum 47 (3-4):341-360.
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  32.  35
    Putnam on the Sorites Paradox.Timothy Williamson - 1996 - Philosophical Papers 25 (1):47-56.
  33.  44
    Surveyability and the Sorites Paradox.Mark Addis - 1995 - Philosophia Mathematica 3 (2):157-165.
    Some issues raised by the notion of surveyability and how it is represented mathematically are explored. Wright considers the sense in which the positive integers are surveyable and suggests that their structure will be a weakly finite, but weakly infinite, totality. One way to expose the incoherence of this account is by applying Wittgenstein's distinction between intensional and extensional to it. Criticism of the idea of a surveyable proof shows the notion's lack of clarity. It is suggested that this concept (...)
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  34.  27
    The Sorites Paradox and the Ordinary Use of Vague Predicates.Sean Foran - 2003 - American Philosophical Quarterly 40 (4):303 - 318.
  35.  6
    A Really Fuzzy Approach to the Sorites Paradox.Francesco Paoli - 2003 - Synthese 134 (3):363-387.
  36.  11
    The Sorites Paradox.Dominic Hyde - 2011 - In Giuseppina Ronzitti (ed.), Vagueness: A Guide. Springer Verlag. pp. 1--17.
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  37.  1
    Well-Ordering and the Sorites Paradox.Stig Alstrup Rasmussen - 1986 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 23:59-119.
  38.  4
    On Soames's Solution to the Sorites Paradox.T. Robertson - 2000 - Analysis 60 (4):328-334.
  39.  3
    Vagueness: An Investigation Into Natural Languages and the Sorites Paradox[REVIEW]Roy A. Sorensen - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (2):483-486.
  40. The Sorites Paradox: A Contextual Approach.M. Banerjee - 1998 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 25 (3):313-326.
     
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  41. Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science 33: On the Sorites Paradox.Bueno Otavio & Abasnezhad Ali (eds.) - forthcoming - Springer.
     
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  42. On the Sorites Paradox.Otavio Bueno & Ali Abasnezhad (eds.) - forthcoming - Springer.
     
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  43. Vagueness: An Investigation Into Natural Languages and the Sorites Paradox.Linda Claire Burns - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (2):483-486.
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  44. Why the Sorites Paradox Has a Restricted Solution At Best.M. Cuonzo - 2001 - Facta Philosophica 3:02-15.
     
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  45. On the Intuitionistic Solution of the Sorites Paradox.Peter Mott - 1994 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 75:133-150.
     
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  46. Further Reflections on the Sorites Paradox.Crispin Wright - 1987 - Philosophical Topics 15 (1):227-290.
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  47. Sorites Paradox.E. N. Zalta - 2005 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. First Published on Jan 17:1997.
     
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  48.  30
    Tolerance and the Distributed Sorites.Zach Barnett - forthcoming - Synthese:1-7.
    On some accounts of vagueness, predicates like "is a heap" are tolerant. That is, their correct application tolerates sufficiently small changes in the objects to which they are applied. (So, according to tolerant views, if a given object is a heap, it will necessarily remain a heap after one grain of sand is removed.) Of course, such views face the sorites paradox, and various solutions have been proposed. One proposed solution involves banning repeated appeals to tolerance, while affirming (...)
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  49. Why the Vagueness Paradox is Amazing.Bryan Frances - forthcoming - Think.
    One of the hardest problems in philosophy, one that has been around for over two thousand years without generating any significant consensus on its solution, involves the concept of vagueness: a word or concept that doesn’t have a perfectly precise meaning. There is an argument that seems to show that the word or concept simply must have a perfectly precise meaning, as violently counterintuitive as that is. Unfortunately, the argument is usually so compressed that it is difficult to see why (...)
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  50. Strict Finitism and the Happy Sorites.Ofra Magidor - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (2):471-491.
    Call an argument a ‘happy sorites’ if it is a sorites argument with true premises and a false conclusion. It is a striking fact that although most philosophers working on the sorites paradox find it at prima facie highly compelling that the premises of the sorites paradox are true and its conclusion false, few (if any) of the standard theories on the issue ultimately allow for happy sorites arguments. There is one philosophical view, (...)
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