Results for 'stereotype'

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  1. Stereotype Threat and Attributional Ambiguity for Trans Women.Rachel McKinnon - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (1):857-872.
    In this paper I discuss the interrelated topics of stereotype threat and attributional ambiguity as they relate to gender and gender identity. The former has become an emerging topic in feminist philosophy and has spawned a tremendous amount of research in social psychology and elsewhere. But the discussion, at least in how it connects to gender, is incomplete: the focus is only on cisgender women and their experiences. By considering trans women's experiences of stereotype threat and attributional ambiguity, (...)
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  2. Stereotype Threat and Intellectual Virtue.Mark Alfano - 2014 - In Owen Flanagan & Abrol Fairweather (eds.), Naturalizing Virtue. Cambridge University Press. pp. 155-74.
    For decades, intelligence and achievement tests have registered significant differences between people of different races, ethnicities, classes, and genders. We argue that most of these differences are explained not as reflections of differences in the distribution of intellectual virtues but as evidence for the metacognitive mediation of the intellectual virtues. For example, in the United States, blacks typically score worse than whites on tests of mathematics. This might lead one to think that fewer blacks possess the relevant intellectual virtues, or (...)
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  3. Stereotype Threat, Epistemic Injustice, and Rationality.Stacey Goguen - 2016 - In Michael Brownstein & Jennifer Saul (eds.), Implicit Bias and Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 216-237.
    Though stereotype threat is most well-known for its ability to hinder performance, it actually has a wide range of effects. For instance, it can also cause stress, anxiety, and doubt. These additional effects are as important and as central to the phenomenon as its effects on performance are. As a result, stereotype threat has more far-reaching implications than many philosophers have realized. In particular, the phenomenon has a number of unexplored “epistemic effects.” These are effects on our epistemic (...)
     
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  4.  39
    'I Dont Want To Be a Playa No More': An Exploration of the Denigrating Effects of 'Player' as a Stereotype Against African American Polyamorous Men.Justin L. Clardy - 2018 - Analize Journal of Gender and Feminist Studies 1 (11):38-58.
    This paper shows how amatonormativity and its attendant social pressures converge at the intersections of race, gender, romantic relationality, and sexuality to generate peculiar challenges to polyamorous African American men in American society. Contrary to the view maintained in the “slut-vs-stud” phenomenon, I maintain that the label ‘player’ when applied to polyamorous African American men functions as a pernicious stereotype and has denigrating effects. Specifically, I argue that stereotyping polyamorous African American men as players estranges them from themselves and (...)
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  5.  15
    Stereotype Threat Effects on Learning From a Cognitively Demanding Mathematics Lesson.Emily McLaughlin Lyons, Nina Simms, Kreshnik N. Begolli & Lindsey E. Richland - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (2):678-690.
    Stereotype threat—a situational context in which individuals are concerned about confirming a negative stereotype—is often shown to impact test performance, with one hypothesized mechanism being that cognitive resources are temporarily co-opted by intrusive thoughts and worries, leading individuals to underperform despite high content knowledge and ability. We test here whether stereotype threat may also impact initial student learning and knowledge formation when experienced prior to instruction. Predominantly African American fifth-grade students provided either their race or the date (...)
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  6. Stereotype Threat, Epistemic Agency, and Self-Identity.Stacey Goguen - 2016 - Dissertation, Boston University
    Stereotype threat is a psychological phenomenon that occurs when individuals become aware that their behavior could potentially confirm a negative stereotype. Though stereotype threat is a widely studied phenomenon in social psychology, there has been relatively little scholarship on it in philosophy, despite its relevance to issues such as implicit cognition, epistemic injustice, and diversity in philosophy. However, most psychological research on stereotype threat discusses the phenomenon by using an overly narrow picture of it, which focuses (...)
     
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  7.  13
    Implicit Bias, Stereotype Threat, and Seeing‐As: An Alternative to “Alief” as an Explanation of Reason‐Recalcitrant Behaviours.Talia Morag - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
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  8.  11
    Stereotype: End of (a) Story.Gordana Djeric - 2005 - Filozofija I Društvo 2005 (28):71-93.
    The paper is an analytic retrospective of the author?s work during the preceding research period, involving the study of role, meaning and place of stereotypes in identity discourses. In order to explain the reasons for and ways of dealing with stereotypes, she reviews the evolution of her own research approach and the alternative approaches to the topic from the perspective of various scholarly disciplines. Seeking to avoid the trap of?interpreting stereotypes stereotypically?, the author chooses not to follow the usual method (...)
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  9. What is a Stereotype? What is Stereotyping?Erin Beeghly - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (4):675-691.
    If someone says, “Asians are good at math” or “women are empathetic,” I might interject, “you're stereotyping” in order to convey my disapproval of their utterance. But why is stereotyping wrong? Before we can answer this question, we must better understand what stereotypes are and what stereotyping is. In this essay, I develop what I call the descriptive view of stereotypes and stereotyping. This view is assumed in much of the psychological and philosophical literature on implicit bias and stereotyping, yet (...)
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  10.  46
    The Stereotype Threat Hypothesis: An Assessment From the Philosopher's Armchair, for the Philosopher's Classroom.Gina Schouten - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (2):450-466.
    According to Stereotype Threat Hypothesis, fear of confirming gendered stereotypes causes women to experience anxiety in circumstances wherein their performance might potentially confirm those stereotypes, such as high-stakes testing scenarios in science, technology, engineering, and math courses. This anxiety causes women to underperform, which in turn causes them to withdraw from math-intensive disciplines. STH is thought by many to account for the underrepresentation of women in STEM fields, and a growing body of evidence substantiates this hypothesis. In considering the (...)
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  11. IMPLICIT BIAS, STEREOTYPE THREAT, AND POLITICAL CORRECTNESS IN PHILOSOPHY.Sean Allen-Hermanson - 2017 - Philosophies 2 (2).
    This paper offers an unorthodox appraisal of empirical research bearing on the question of the low representation of women in philosophy. It contends that fashionable views in the profession concerning implicit bias and stereotype threat are weakly supported, that philosophers often fail to report the empirical work responsibly, and that the standards for evidence are set very low—so long as you take a certain viewpoint.
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  12.  19
    Embodied Harm: A Phenomenological Engagement with Stereotype Threat.Lauren Freeman - 2017 - Human Studies 40 (4):637-662.
    By applying classical and contemporary insights of the phenomenological tradition to key findings within the literature on stereotype threat, this paper considers the embodied effects of everyday exposure to racism and makes a contribution to the growing field of applied phenomenology. In what follows, the paper asks how a phenomenological perspective can both contribute to and enrich discussions of ST in psychology. In answering these questions, the paper uses evidence from social psychology as well as first personal testimonies from (...)
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  13.  25
    Mindful Maths: Reducing the Impact of Stereotype Threat Through a Mindfulness Exercise.Ulrich W. Weger, Nic Hooper, Brian P. Meier & Tim Hopthrow - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):471-475.
    Individuals who experience stereotype threat – the pressure resulting from social comparisons that are perceived as unfavourable – show performance decrements across a wide range of tasks. One account of this effect is that the cognitive pressure triggered by such threat drains the same cognitive resources that are implicated in the respective task. The present study investigates whether mindfulness can be used to moderate stereotype threat, as mindfulness has previously been shown to alleviate working-memory load. Our results show (...)
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  14.  1
    Locality Stereotype, CEO Trustworthiness and Stock Price Crash Risk: Evidence from China.Leilei Gu, Jinyu Liu & Yuchao Peng - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-25.
    Exploring the locality stereotype with respect to CEO’s trustworthiness, we find that firms whose CEOs are from more reputable hometowns have a higher likelihood of stock price crashes, indicating the presence of a CEO “Trust Exploitation” effect, i.e. a high-trust identity does not guarantee managerial ethics; to the contrary, it could tempt CEOs to abuse outsiders’ trust, camouflage their misconducts and conceal adverse information more severely. The effect of CEO’s perceived trustworthiness on tail risk of stock price remains robust (...)
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  15.  16
    Stereotype Discourse in Israel.Chairperson Karl Cordell & Henriette Dahan Kalev - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (2):680-688.
    (1996). Stereotype discourse in Israel. The European Legacy: Vol. 1, Fourth International Conference of the International Society for the study of European Ideas, pp. 680-688.
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  16.  24
    An Integrated Process Model of Stereotype Threat Effects on Performance.Toni Schmader, Michael Johns & Chad Forbes - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):336-356.
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  17.  2
    Does Stereotype Threat Affect Men in Language Domains?Kathryn Everhart Chaffee, Nigel Mantou Lou & Kimberly A. Noels - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  18.  13
    Stereotype Threat and Working Memory: Mechanisms, Alleviation, and Spillover.Sian L. Beilock, Robert J. Rydell & Allen R. McConnell - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (2):256-276.
  19.  8
    Mapping Ethnic Stereotypes and Their Antecedents in Russia: The Stereotype Content Model.Dmitry Grigoryev, Susan T. Fiske & Anastasia Batkhina - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  20.  13
    Stereotype Threat and Executive Resource Depletion: Examining the Influence of Emotion Regulation.Michael Johns, Michael Inzlicht & Toni Schmader - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (4):691-705.
  21.  16
    Gender Stereotype Endorsement Differentially Predicts Girls' and Boys' Trait-State Discrepancy in Math Anxiety.Madeleine Bieg, Thomas Goetz, Ilka Wolter & Nathan C. Hall - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  22.  10
    Young and Older Adults' Gender Stereotype in Multitasking.Tilo Strobach & Alesia Woszidlo - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  23.  7
    Psychiatry's Contribution to the Public Stereotype of Schizophrenia: Historical Considerations.Heinz Katschnig - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (5):1093-1100.
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  24.  15
    Gender Stereotypes in a Children's Television Program: Effects on Girls' and Boys' Stereotype Endorsement, Math Performance, Motivational Dispositions, and Attitudes.Eike Wille, Hanna Gaspard, Ulrich Trautwein, Kerstin Oschatz, Katharina Scheiter & Benjamin Nagengast - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  25.  3
    Compassion in Nursing: Solution or Stereotype?Stephanie Tierney, Roberta Bivins & Kate Seers - forthcoming - Nursing Inquiry:e12271.
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  26.  13
    Chronic Stereotype Threat Is Associated With Mathematical Achievement on Representative Sample of Secondary Schoolgirls: The Role of Gender Identification, Working Memory, and Intellectual Helplessness.Sylwia Bedyńska, Izabela Krejtz & Grzegorz Sedek - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  27.  10
    The Influence of Stereotype Threat on Immigrants: Review and Meta-Analysis.Markus Appel, Silvana Weber & Nicole Kronberger - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  28.  3
    Too Old for Computers? The Longitudinal Relationship Between Stereotype Threat and Computer Use by Older Adults.João Mariano, Sibila Marques, Miguel R. Ramos, Filomena Gerardo & Hein de Vries - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  29.  12
    Extracting the Evaluations of Stereotypes: Bi-Factor Model of the Stereotype Content Structure.Pablo Sayans-Jiménez, Isabel Cuadrado, Antonio J. Rojas & Juan R. Barrada - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  30.  30
    Addressing Stereotype Threat is Critical to Diversity and Inclusion in Organizational Psychology.Bettina J. Casad & William J. Bryant - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  31.  5
    A Stereotype Semantics for Syntactically Ambiguous Slurs.Eleonora Orlando & Andrés Saab - 2020 - Analytic Philosophy 61 (2):101-129.
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  32.  23
    True Gender Ratios and Stereotype Rating Norms.Alan Garnham, Sam Doehren & Pascal Gygax - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    We present a study comparing, in English, perceived distributions of men and women in 422 named occupations with actual real world distributions. The first set of data was obtained from previous a large-scale norming study, whereas the second set was mostly drawn from UK governmental sources. In total, real world ratios for 290 occupations were obtained for our perceive vs. real world comparison, of which 205 were deemed to be unproblematic. The means for the two sources were similar and the (...)
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  33. Truth and Stereotype: An Illusion Theory of Representation.E. H. Gombrich - 1992 - In Philip Alperson (ed.), The Philosophy of the Visual Arts. Oxford University Press. pp. 72--87.
     
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  34.  10
    You Don’T Bend It Like Beckham If You’Re Female and Reminded of It: Stereotype Threat Among Female Football Players.Hilmar Grabow & Melanie Kühl - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  35.  26
    From Stereotype to Context: The Study of Japanese Women's Speech.Hideko Nornes Abe - 1995 - Feminist Studies 21 (3):647.
  36.  6
    Stereotype Formation: Biased by Association.Mike E. Le Pelley, Stian J. Reimers, Guglielmo Calvini, Russell Spears, Tom Beesley & Robin A. Murphy - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (1):138-161.
  37.  11
    A Stereotype: The Lack of the Social Utility of Philosophy.Sandu Frunza - 2009 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (24):311-328.
    The way in which the relations among philosophy, religion and politics have been built and evolved in post-1989-Romania brought about the development of several stereotypes connected to the social inutility of philosophy, to the graduates’ difficulty in adapting to the requirements of the labor market, to the lack of importance of philosophy and of philosophical education. The present text signals the crisis of philosophy due to a series of factors such as: the difficulties that the philosophical discourse has in finding (...)
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  38.  92
    Metaphor, Paradox, and Stereotype.Cleanth Brooks - 1965 - British Journal of Aesthetics 5 (4):315-328.
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  39.  22
    Open-Minded Midwifes, Literate Butchers, and Greedy Hooligans—The Independent Contributions of Stereotype Valence and Consistency on Evaluative Judgments.Lisa Schubert, Anita Körner, Berit Lindau, Fritz Strack & Sascha Topolinski - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  40. The Stereotype of the Athenian Woman in Aristophanes'lysistrata'.S. Byl - 1991 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 69 (1):33-43.
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  41. The Self and the Stereotype.Fay Fransella - 1977 - In D. Bannister (ed.), New Perspectives in Personal Construct Theory. Academic Press. pp. 39--66.
  42.  26
    The Mad Genius Stereotype: Still Alive and Well.Tanja G. Baudson - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  43.  13
    Breaking Away From the Male Stereotype of a Specialist: Gendered Language Affects Performance in a Thinking Task.Marlene Kollmayer, Andreas Pfaffel, Barbara Schober & Laura Brandt - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  44.  5
    When and How Stereotype Threat Influences Older Adults’ Arithmetic Performance: Insight From a Strategy Approach.Poshita Nicolas, Patrick Lemaire & Isabelle Régner - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  45.  21
    Stereotype Discourse in Israel.Karl Cordell & Henriette Dahan Kalev - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (2):680-688.
  46.  12
    Manipulating the Strength of a Stereotype: Interference Effects in an Auditory Information-Processing Task.J. Richard Simon, John L. Craft & A. M. Small - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):63.
  47.  7
    Race: A Stereotype.Charles Susanne & Esther Rebato - 2003 - Global Bioethics 16 (1):111-115.
    In a typological and racial classification, the hypothesis is to suppose that races have existed at a “pure” level, before migrations would result in a large mixing. In this way of thinking, one forgets that migrations have always existed and thus gene flow too. When groups meet, they may or may not bleed, but they always breed.
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  48.  20
    Addressing Marginality Through the "Coolie/Dougla" Stereotype in CLR James's Minty Alley.Brinda Mehta - 2002 - Clr James Journal 9 (1):37-66.
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  49.  13
    The Evolution and Reversal of a Myth Stereotype: The Self-Reliant Man in American Fiction.Richard Bjornson - 1971 - Substance 1 (2):31.
  50.  15
    The Sacrificial Difference: Raymond Roussel and the Structure of Stereotype.Elizabeth Ezra - 1996 - Substance 25 (1):62.
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