Results for 'syntax vs. semantics'

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  1.  22
    Negation, Conjunction, and Quantifiers: Syntax Vs. Semantics.Barbara Hall Partee - 1970 - Foundations of Language 6 (2):153-165.
  2.  24
    The Descriptivist Vs. Anti-Descriptivist Semantics Debate Between Syntax and Semantics.Enrico Cipriani - 2015 - Philosophy Study 5 (8).
  3. Multiple Coordination: Meaning Composition Vs. The Syntax-Semantics Interface.Yoad Winter - manuscript
    This paper argues that multiple coordinations like tall, thin and happy are interpreted in a “flat” iterative process, but using “nested” recursive application of binary coordination operators in the compositional meaning derivation. Ample motivation for flat interpretation is shown by contrasting such coordinations with nested, syntactically ambiguous, coordinate structures like tall and thin and happy. However, new evidence coming from type shifting and predicate distribution with verb phrases show motivation for an independent hierarchical ingredient in the compositional semantics of (...)
     
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  4.  57
    On the Theory of Anaphora: Dynamic Predicate Logic Vs. Game-Theoretical Semantics[REVIEW]Gabriel Sandu - 1997 - Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (2):147-174.
  5.  56
    Pronouns Vs. Definite Descriptions.Kyle Johnson - unknown
    This paper looks at an approach to Principle C in which the disjoint reference effect triggered by definite description arises because there is a preference for using bound pronouns in those cases. Philippe Schlenker has linked this approach to the idea that the NP part of a definite description should be the most minimal in content relative to a certain communicative goal. On a popular view about what the syntax and semantics of a personal pronoun is, that should (...)
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  6. Syntax and Semantics of Questions.Lauri Karttunen - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):3--44.
    W. Labov's & T. Labov's findings concerning their child grammar acquisition ("Learning the Syntax of Questions" in Recent Advances in the Psychology of Language, Campbell, R. & Smith, P. Eds, New York: Plenum Press, 1978) are interpreted in terms of different semantics of why & other wh-questions. Z. Dubiel.
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  7.  21
    Two Subject Positions in Scottish Gaelic: The Syntax-Semantics Interface.Gillian Catriona Ramchand - 1996 - Natural Language Semantics 4 (2):165-191.
    This paper examines the stage-level/individual-level hypothesis (Kratzer 1989; Diesing 1988) from the point of view of modern Scottish Gaelic. This language exhibits two syntactically distinct predicational structures, and in particular, two distinct subject positions distinguishable on the basis of word order. While the distinction between the two positions can be shown to support the stage/individual-level hypothesis in one sense, the picture is muddied by the fact that many habitual or ‘characteristic’ sentences seem to be formed according to the stage-level subject (...)
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  8.  21
    Syntax Meets Semantics During Brain Logical Computations.Arturo Tozzi, James F. Peters, Andrew And Alexander Fingelkurts & Leonid Perlovsky - 2018 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 140:133-141.
    The discrepancy between syntax and semantics is a painstaking issue that hinders a better comprehension of the underlying neuronal processes in the human brain. In order to tackle the issue, we at first describe a striking correlation between Wittgenstein's Tractatus, that assesses the syntactic relationships between language and world, and Perlovsky's joint language-cognitive computational model, that assesses the semantic relationships between emotions and “knowledge instinct”. Once established a correlation between a purely logical approach to the language and computable (...)
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  9. Syntax or Semantics? Response to Lidz Et Al.Michael Tomasello - 2004 - Cognition 93 (2):139-140.
  10. Syntax and Semantics: An Overview.Arnim von Stechow - 2012 - In Klaus von Heusinger, Claudia Maienborn & Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning. De Gruyter Mouton.
  11.  20
    Syntax and Semantics of Ordinary Language.Czesław Lejewski & William Haas - 1975 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 49 (1):127 - 169.
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  12. Sex, Syntax, and Semantics.Lera Boroditsky, Lauren A. Schmidt & Webb Phillips - 2003 - In Dedre Getner & Susan Goldin-Meadow (eds.), Language in Mind: Advances in the Study of Language and Thought. MIT Press. pp. 61--79.
  13.  6
    The Lambda Calculus. Its Syntax and Semantics.E. Engeler - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (1):301-303.
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  14. Linear Logic: Its Syntax and Semantics.Jean-Yves Girard - 1995 - In Jean-Yves Girard, Yves Lafont & Laurent Regnier (eds.), Advances in Linear Logic. Cambridge University Press. pp. 222--1.
     
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  15. Logical Syntax and Semantics. Their Linguistic Relevance.Noam Chomsky - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):72-72.
    The relation between linguistics and logic has been discussed in a, recent paper by Bar-Hillel} where it is argued that a disregard for workin logical syntax and semantics has caused linguists to limit themselves too narrowly in their inquiries, and to fall into several errors. In particular, Bar-Hillel asserts, they have attempted to derive relations of synonymy and so-called ‘rules of transfOI`1'Il8.tiOH,, such as the active—pussive relation, from distributional studies alone, and they have hesitated to rely on considerations (...)
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  16. Syntax and Semantics. Volume 3 : Speech Acts.P. Cole & J. L. Morgan - 1977 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 39 (3):550-551.
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  17.  39
    Embeddability, Syntax, and Semantics in Accounts of Scientific Theories.Peter Turney - 1990 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 19 (4):429 - 451.
    Recently several philosophers of science have proposed what has come to be known as the semantic account of scientific theories. It is presented as an improvement on the positivist account, which is now called the syntactic account of scientific theories. Bas van Fraassen claims that the syntactic account does not give a satisfactory definition of "empirical adequacy" and "empirical equivalence". He contends that his own semantic account does define these notations acceptably, through the concept of "embeddability", a concept which he (...)
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  18.  81
    Does Syntax Reveal Semantics? A Case Study of Complex Demonstratives.Kent Johnson & Ernie Lepore - 2002 - Noûs 36 (s16):17 - 41.
    Following Aristotle (who himself was following Parmenides), philosophers have appealed to the distributional reflexes of expressions in determining their semantic status, and ultimately, the nature of the extra-linguistic world. This methodology has been practiced throughout the history of philosophy; it was clarified and made popular by the likes of Zeno Vendler and J.L. Austin, and is realized today in the toolbox of linguistically minded philosophers. Studying the syntax of natural language was fueled by the belief that there is a (...)
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  19. Carnap: From Logical Syntax to Semantics.Thomas Ricketts - 1996 - In Giere, N. Ronald & Alan W. Richardson (eds.), Origins of Logical Empiricism. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis. pp. 231--50.
     
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  20.  22
    Syntax and Semantics?E. Kaan - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (9):322.
  21. The Lambda Calculus: Its Syntax and Semantics.H. P. Barendregt - 1984 - Elsevier.
    The revised edition contains a new chapter which provides an elegant description of the semantics. The various classes of lambda calculus models are described in a uniform manner. Some didactical improvements have been made to this edition. An example of a simple model is given and then the general theory (of categorical models) is developed. Indications are given of those parts of the book which can be used to form a coherent course.
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  22. Does Syntax Reveal Semantics?: A Case Study of Complex Demonstratives.Ernest Lepore - 2002 - Philosophical Perspectives 16:17--41.
    Following Aristotle (who himself was following Parmenides), philosophers have appealed to the distributional reflexes of expressions in determining their semantic status, and ultimately, the nature of the extra-linguistic world. This methodology has been practiced throughout the history of philosophy; it was clarified and made popular by the likes of Zeno Vendler and J.L. Austin, and is realized today in the toolbox of linguistically minded philosophers. Studying the syntax of natural language was fueled by the belief that there is a (...)
     
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  23. The Syntax and Semantics of Split Constructions: A Comparative Study.Alastair Butler - 2004 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Split constructions are widespread in natural languages. The separation of the semantic restriction of a quantifier from that quantifier is a typical example of such a construction. This study addresses the problem that such discontinuous strings exhibit--namely, a number of locality constraints, including intervention effects. These are shown to follow from the interaction of a minimalist syntax with a semantics that directly assigns a model-theoretic interpretation to syntactic logical forms. The approach is shown to have wide empirical coverage (...)
     
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  24.  10
    Logical Syntax and Semantics.Yehoshua Bar-Hillel - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (3):290-290.
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  25. On the Syntax and Semantics of Observability: A Reply to Muller and Van Fraassen.Paul Dicken - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):38-42.
    In this journal, Peter Lipton and I discussed Musgrave's objection that the constructive empiricist cannot consistently maintain his own distinction between the observable and the unobservable, and van Fraassen's initial reply. We considered several possible interpretations of van Fraassen, and expressed misgivings about each. Muller and van Fraassen have consequently clarified the official constructive empiricist response to Musgrave, although some issues still remain.According to Muller and van Fraassen, Musgrave's objection assumes that constructive empiricism is to be understood in line with (...)
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  26. The Language of Thought: No Syntax Without Semantics.Tim Crane - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (3):187-213.
    Many philosophers think that being in an intentional state is a matter of being related to a sentence in a mental language-a 'Language of Thought' (see especially Fodor 1975, 1987 Appendix; Field 1978). According to this view-which I shall call 'the LT hypothesis'-when anyone has a belief or a desire or a hope with a certain content, they have a sentence of this language, with that content, 'written' in their heads. The claim is meant quite literally: the mental representations that (...)
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  27.  23
    ""The Syntax and Semantics of" Each Other" Constructions.Ray C. Dougherty - 1974 - Foundations of Language 12 (1):1-47.
  28.  38
    Remarks on the Syntax and Semantics of Day Designators.Jeffrey C. King - 2001 - Noûs 35 (s15):291 - 333.
    Though these expressions are often called “names of months”, there is good reason to hold that they are not names at all. Syntactically, these words behave as count nouns. They combine with determiners such as ‘every’, ‘many’, ‘exactly three’ etc. to form restricted quantifiers:3 (1) Every January I go skiing. (2) I spent many Januarys at Squaw Valley. (3) I wasted exactly three Januarys in Bakersfield. Like other count nouns, they can take relative clauses in constructions such as (1)-(3): (1a) (...)
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  29.  50
    Syntax and Semantics of It-Clefts: A Tree Adjoining Grammar Analysis: Articles.Chung-hye Han & Nancy Hedberg - 2008 - Journal of Semantics 25 (4):345-380.
    In this paper, we examine two main approaches to the syntax and semantics of it -clefts as in ‘It was Ohno who won’: an expletive approach where the cleft pronoun is an expletive and the cleft clause bears a direct syntactic or semantic relation to the clefted constituent, and a discontinuous constituent approach where the cleft pronoun has a semantic content and the cleft clause bears a direct syntactic or semantic relation to the cleft pronoun. We argue for (...)
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  30.  15
    The Syntax and Semantics of Entailment in Duality Theory.B. A. Davey, M. Haviar & H. A. Priestley - 1995 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (4):1087-1114.
    Both syntactic and semantic solutions are given for the entailment problem of duality theory. The test algebra theorem provides both a syntactic solution to the entailment problem in terms of primitive positive formulae and a new derivation of the corresponding result in clone theory, viz. the syntactic description of $\operatorname{Inv(Pol}(R))$ for a given set R of finitary relations on a finite set. The semantic solution to the entailment problem follows from the syntactic one, or can be given in the form (...)
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  31.  11
    Cut-Elimination: Syntax and Semantics.M. Baaz & A. Leitsch - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (6):1217-1244.
    In this paper we first give a survey of reductive cut-elimination methods in classical logic. In particular we describe the methods of Gentzen and Schütte-Tait from the abstract point of view of proof reduction. We also present the method CERES which we classify as a semi-semantic method. In a further section we describe the so-called semantic methods. In the second part of the paper we carry the proof analysis further by generalizing the CERES method to CERESD . In the generalized (...)
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  32.  67
    Contentless Syntax, Ineffable Semantics and Transcendental Ontology. Reflections on Wittgenstein’s Tractatus.Arkadiusz Chrudzimski - 2003 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 17 (1):1-6.
    Wittgenstein’s Tractatus contains some very striking theses. We read, e.g., that „in a sense” we could not be wrong in logic, and that the whole subject matter of the theory of modalities could be reconstructed on the ground of the insights in the mechanism of the linguistic reference. Yet in the light of the last sentences of Tractatus the whole semantics turns out to be principaly ineffable. In our paper we will try to clarify these matters. We show how (...)
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  33.  45
    The Syntax and Semantics of When-Questions.Richard Larson & Robin Cooper - 1982 - Linguistics and Philosophy 5 (1):155 - 169.
  34.  8
    Syntax and Semantics of the Logic.Carsten Butz - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (3):374-384.
    In this paper we study the logic , which is first-order logic extended by quantification over functions (but not over relations). We give the syntax of the logic as well as the semantics in Heyting categories with exponentials. Embedding the generic model of a theory into a Grothendieck topos yields completeness of with respect to models in Grothendieck toposes, which can be sharpened to completeness with respect to Heyting-valued models. The logic is the strongest for which Heyting-valued completeness (...)
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  35.  2
    Syntax and Semantics of the Logic $\Mathcal{L}^\Lambda_{\Omega\Omega}$.Carsten Butz - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (3):374-384.
    In this paper we study the logic $\mathcal{L}^\lambda_{\omega\omega}$, which is first-order logic extended by quantification over functions . We give the syntax of the logic as well as the semantics in Heyting categories with exponentials. Embedding the generic model of a theory into a Grothendieck topos yields completeness of $\mathcal{L}^\lambda_{\omega\omega}$ with respect to models in Grothendieck toposes, which can be sharpened to completeness with respect to Heyting-valued models. The logic $\mathcal{L}^\lambda_{\omega\omega}$ is the strongest for which Heyting-valued completeness is (...)
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  36.  22
    Textual Economy Through Close Coupling of Syntax and Semantics.Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber - unknown
    We focus on the production of efficient descriptions of objects, actions and events. We define a type of efficiency, textual economy, that exploits the hearer’s recognition of inferential links to material elsewhere within a sentence. Textual economy leads to efficient descriptions because the material that supports such inferences has been included to satisfy independent communicative goals, and is therefore overloaded in the sense of Pollack [18]. We argue that achieving textual economy imposes strong requirements on the representation and reasoning used (...)
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  37.  9
    Investigations in Universal Grammar: A Guide to Experiments on the Acquisition of Syntax and Semantics.Stephen Crain & Rosalind Thornton - 2000 - Linguistics and Philosophy 23 (5):523-532.
  38.  18
    The Asymmetry of Optimality Theoretic Syntax and Semantics.H. Zeevat - 2000 - Journal of Semantics 17 (3):243-262.
    This paper argues for a combination of semantics and syntax in an optimality theoretic framework that avoids the rat/rad problem and provides simultaneously a certain amount of bidirectionality, in the spirit of Blutner, for an approach to ineffability. It can be succinctly described as taking the program of optimality theoretic syntax as basic, also as a theory of interpretation, and extending it with a bidirectional pragmatic component that is closely related to existing ideas about natural language interpretation. (...)
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  39. Syntax-Directed, Semantics-Supported Program Synthesis.Wolfgang Bibel - 1980 - Artificial Intelligence 14 (3):243-261.
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  40.  5
    Syntax and Semantics of the Logic Llambdaomega Omega.Carsten Butz - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (3):374-384.
  41. Syntax and Semantics of Ordinary Language.William Haas - 1975 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 49:127-169.
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  42.  4
    Syntax and Semantics: Studies in Biblical and Modern Hebrew.Galia Hatav & Eliezer Rubinstein - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (1):130.
  43.  22
    Syntax, Functional Semantics, and Referential Semantics.Brian F. Loar - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):89-90.
  44. Syntax and Semantics in Space-Comprehension of Spatially Ambiguous Sentences.Ca Perfetti, B. Adams, L. Bell & Jm Weitz - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (5):323-323.
     
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  45.  8
    Studies in Arabic Syntax and Semantics.Michael G. Carter & Ariel A. Bloch - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (4):812.
  46. Sarcastic ‘Like’: A Case Study in the Interface of Syntax and Semantics.Elisabeth Camp & John Hawthorne - 2008 - Philosophical Perspectives 22 (1):1-21.
    The expression ‘Like’ has a wide variety of uses among English and American speakers. It may describe preference, as in (1) She likes mint chip ice cream. It may be used as a vehicle of comparison, as in (2) Trieste is like Minsk on steroids.
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  47.  48
    Same and Different: Some Consequences for Syntax and Semantics[REVIEW]Greg N. Carlson - 1987 - Linguistics and Philosophy 10 (4):531 - 565.
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  48.  36
    Modal Logic: An Introduction to its Syntax and Semantics.Nino B. Cocchiarella & Max A. Freund - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    In this text, a variety of modal logics at the sentential, first-order, and second-order levels are developed with clarity, precision and philosophical insight.
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  49.  63
    What Asymmetric Coordination in German Tells Us About the Syntax and Semantics of Conditionals.Ingo Reich - 2009 - Natural Language Semantics 17 (3):219-244.
    In this paper, I argue on empirical grounds that (VL-initial) Asymmetric Coordination in German cannot be reduced to a syntactic structure of the form [if S1, then S2], but rather needs to be analyzed as some kind of adjunction to the if-clause, i.e., along the lines of [[if S1] and S2]. This conclusion gives rise to an apparent mismatch between syntactic structure (narrow scope of if) and semantic interpretation (wide scope of if). To resolve this paradoxical situation, I propose a (...)
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  50.  97
    Syntax, Semantics, and Computer Programs.William J. Rapaport - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (2):309-321.
    Turner argues that computer programs must have purposes, that implementation is not a kind of semantics, and that computers might need to understand what they do. I respectfully disagree: Computer programs need not have purposes, implementation is a kind of semantic interpretation, and neither human computers nor computing machines need to understand what they do.
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