Results for 'the mean'

999 found
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  1.  39
    The Stochastic Component in Choice and Regression to the Mean.Aurora García-Gallego, Nikolaos Georgantzís, Daniel Navarro-Martínez & Gerardo Sabater-Grande - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (2):251-267.
    In this article, we illustrate experimentally an important consequence of the stochastic component in choice behaviour which has not been acknowledged so far. Namely, its potential to produce ‘regression to the mean’ (RTM) effects. We employ a novel approach to individual choice under risk, based on repeated multiple-lottery choices (i.e. choices among many lotteries), to show how the high degree of stochastic variability present in individual decisions can distort crucially certain results through RTM effects. We demonstrate the point in (...)
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  2.  67
    Revealing the Dao of Heaven Through the Dao of Humans: Sincerity in The Doctrine of the Mean.Chen Yun - 2009 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (4):537-551.
    In Zhongyong 中庸 (The Doctrine of the Mean), cheng 诚 (sincerity) is the “Dao of all Daos”, the “virtue of all virtues”, and thus connects the Dao of humans and that of Heaven. The Dao of humans can reveal the sincerity in the Dao of Heaven in two approaches: to contemplate on sincerity and to conduct in sincerity. Meanwhile, sincerity in the Dao of Heaven is unfolded in everything’s seeking for its own nature and destiny, thus the most fundamental (...)
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  3.  16
    Aristotle's Doctrine of the Mean and the Circularity of Human Nature.Nahum Brown - 2016 - Kritike 10 (2):122-131.
    Aristotle's famous claim that human beings are animals with rationality has a subtle and complicated articulation in his doctrine of the mean. This paper offers textual analysis of Aristotle's discussion of the mean as a resource for coming to terms with the thesis that humans naturally deliberate over the essence of their nature. Unlike other animals who tend to act without deliberation and without mediation, human beings are the animals who are capable of giving an account of themselves. (...)
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  4.  23
    Was Regression to the Mean Really the Solution to Darwin’s Problem with Heredity? [REVIEW]Adam Krashniak & Ehud Lamm - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy (5):1-10.
    Statistical reasoning is an integral part of modern scientific practice. In The Seven Pillars of Statistical Wisdom Stephen Stigler presents seven core ideas, or pillars, of statistical thinking and the historical developments of each of these pillars, many of which were concurrent with developments in biology. Here we focus on Stigler’s fifth pillar, regression, and his discussion of how regression to the mean came to be thought of as a solution to a challenge for the theory of natural selection. (...)
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  5.  25
    Regression to the Mean: Treatment Effect Without the Intervention.Veronica Morton & David J. Torgerson - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (1):59-65.
  6.  30
    A Note on the Computation of the Mean Random Consistency Index of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (Ahp).V. M. Rao Tummala & Hong Ling - 1998 - Theory and Decision 44 (3):221-230.
    In this paper, we use Saaty's Eigenvector Method and the Power Method as well as Ω=1, 2, ⋯ , 9, 1/2, 1/3, ⋯ , 1/9} and Ω-={1,2, ⋯ ,9,1, 1/2, ⋯ ,1/9} as the sets from which the pairwise comparison judgments are assigned at random to examine the variation in the values determined for the mean random consistency index. By extensive simulation analysis, we found that both methods produce the same values for the mean random consistency random index. (...)
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  7.  19
    Regression to the Mean: More Than a Statistic.Robert J. Smith - 2005 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 25 (1):106-115.
    This article looks at Galton's regression to the mean from several traditionally unrelated but interwoven venues: as a law of trait heredity; as a statistical artifact infiltrating careless research designs; as an illustration of cognitive bias. Hereditarians argue for the first of these, disputed by biogeneticists, who view R to M as a mere correlate of generational traits decline. Research designers busy themselves with the second perspective, but to explain the concept, cavalierly adduce various organismic states that sum as (...)
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  8.  68
    Revisiting a 90-Year-Old Debate: The Advantages of the Mean Deviation.Stephen Gorard - 2005 - British Journal of Educational Studies 53 (4):417-430.
    This paper discusses the reliance of numerical analysis on the concept of the standard deviation, and its close relative the variance. It suggests that the original reasons why the standard deviation concept has permeated traditional statistics are no longer clearly valid, if they ever were. The absolute mean deviation, it is argued here, has many advantages over the standard deviation. It is more efficient as an estimate of a population parameter in the real-life situation where the data contain tiny (...)
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  9. Regression to the Mean and Judy Benjamin.Randall G. McCutcheon - 2018 - Synthese:1-13.
    Van Fraassen's Judy Benjamin problem asks how one ought to update one's credence in A upon receiving evidence of the sort ``A may or may not obtain, but B is k times likelier than C'', where {A,B,C} is a partition. Van Fraassen's solution, in the limiting case of increasing k, recommends a posterior converging to the probability of A conditional on A union B, where P is one's prior probability function. Grove and Halpern, and more recently Douven and Romeijn, have (...)
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  10.  20
    When Organizations Are Too Good: Applying Aristotle's Doctrine of the Mean to the Corporate Ethical Virtues Model.Muel Kaptein - 2017 - Business Ethics: A European Review 26 (3):300-311.
    Aristotle's doctrine of the mean states that a virtue is the mean state between two vices: a deficient and an excessive one. The Corporate Ethical Virtues Model defines the mean and the corresponding deficient vice for each of its seven virtues. This paper defines for each of these virtues the corresponding excessive vice and explores why organizations characterized by these excessive vices increase the likelihood that their employees will behave unethically. The excessive vices are patronization, pompousness, lavishness, (...)
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  11. Testing Universal Gravitation in the Laboratory, or the Significance of Research on the Mean Density of the Earth and Big G, 1798-1898: Changing Pursuits and Long-Term Methodological-Experimental Continuity. [REVIEW]Steffen Ducheyne - unknown
    This paper seeks to provide a historically well-informed analysis of an important post-Newtonian area of research in experimental physics between 1798 and 1898, namely the determination of the mean density of the earth and, by the end of the nineteenth century, the gravitational constant. Traditionally, research on these matters is seen as a case of ‘puzzle solving.’ In this paper, I show that such focus does not do justice to the evidential significance of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century experimental research on (...)
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  12. Aristotle's Doctrine of the Mean.J. O. Urmson - 1973 - American Philosophical Quarterly 10 (3):223 - 230.
    Aristotle's doctrine of the mean is not a counsel to perform mean or moderate actions. It states that excellence of character is a mean state with regard to the having and displaying of emotions. All emotions are morally neutral; character is shown by displaying emotions on the right occasions, Not too often or too rarely, Not too strongly or too weakly, For sufficient and only sufficient reasons, Etc. The difficulties for such a view presented by justice and (...)
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  13.  38
    On the Quantitative Doctrine of the Mean.Joe Mintoff - 2013 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 51 (4):445-464.
    Aristotle's doctrine of the mean is expressed in quantitative terms, but this has been hard for some people to take literally, its more elaborate versions sometimes being described as “extremely silly.” Roughly two books of the Nicomachean Ethics are permeated with talk of character traits which are either deficient or excessive, however, and the aim of this paper is to examine how the doctrine might meet the objections of its critics.
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  14. Should Plato’s Line Be Divided in the Mean and Extreme Ratio?Yuri Balashov - 1994 - Ancient Philosophy 14 (2):283-295.
    Des Jardins (1976) and Dreher (1990) have suggested that Plato's Line should be thought of as divided in the mean and extreme ('golden') ratio. I examine their arguments, as well as other reasons that could be brought up in support of the 'golden division' of the Line, and show that all of them are wanting.
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  15.  26
    The Doctrine of the Mean in Aristotle's Ethical and Political Theory.I. Evrigenis - 1999 - History of Political Thought 20 (3):393-416.
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the exposition of the doctrine of the mean in the ethical treatises and to determine the role and scope of mesotes within Aristotle's ethical and political theory. The examination of mesotes will reveal the strong connections, for Aristotle, between man, the city, experience, prudence, excellence and eudaimonia. Ultimately, the doctrine of the mean is, in the words of L.W. Rosenfield, an ‘analytical concept’, a component instrumental to Aristotle's theory. Moreover, Aristotle's (...)
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  16.  5
    III Physiological Theory and “the Mean” in Plato.Theodore James Tracy - 1969 - In Physiological Theory and the Doctrine of the Mean in Plato and Aristotle. De Gruyter. pp. 77-156.
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  17.  4
    Iv Physiology and the Doctrine of the Mean in Aristotle.Theodore James Tracy - 1969 - In Physiological Theory and the Doctrine of the Mean in Plato and Aristotle. De Gruyter. pp. 157-333.
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  18.  31
    An Ingenuous Account of the Doctrine of the Mean.Christopher Martin - forthcoming - Tópicos.
    Aristotle admits the possibility of many vices opposed to one virtue, but insists that there are always at least two, related as deficiency and excess. The doctrine that "virtue is in a mean" is thus both true and useful.
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  19.  67
    When Evidence is Not in the Mean.Marcel J. Boumans - unknown
    When observing or measuring phenomena, errors are inevitable, one can only aspire to reduce these errors as much as possible. An obvious strategy to achieve this reduction is by using more precise instruments. Another strategy was to develop a theory of these errors that could indicate how to take them into account. One of the greatest achievements of statistics in the beginning of the 19th century was such a theory of error. This theory told the practitioners that the best thing (...)
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  20. The Things We Mean.Stephen Schiffer - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Stephen Schiffer presents a groundbreaking account of meaning and belief, and shows how it can illuminate a range of crucial problems regarding language, mind, knowledge, and ontology. He introduces the new doctrine of 'pleonastic propositions' to explain what the things we mean and believe are. He discusses the relation between semantic and psychological facts, on the one hand, and physical facts, on the other; vagueness and indeterminacy; moral truth; conditionals; and the role of propositional content in information acquisition and (...)
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  21. Transgender Children and the Right to Transition: Medical Ethics When Parents Mean Well but Cause Harm.Maura Priest - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (2):45-59.
    Published in the American Journal of Bioethics.
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  22. IV—A False Doctrine of the Mean.Rosalind Hursthouse - 1980 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 81 (1):57-72.
    Aristotle says that ethike arete, excellence of character, is a disposition in virtue of which we are well disposed in respect of feelings (pathe'). Feelings are said to be such things as appetites, emotions such as anger and fear, and, in general, all conditions that are attended by pleasure or pain. (II 05bI 9ff) Taken in isolation, this might sound as though Aristotle makes excellence of character a merely inner matter, but this is not so. Most feelings involve a desire (...)
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  23.  32
    Physiological Theory and the Doctrine of the Mean in Plato and Aristotle.Theodore James Tracy - 1969 - The Hague: Mouton.
  24. Aristotle, Virtue and the Mean.Richard Bosley, Roger A. Shiner & Janet D. Sisson - 1996
  25.  8
    Finding the Mean: Theory and Practice in Aristotelian Political Philosophy.Stephen G. SALKEVER - 1989 - Princeton University Press.
  26.  17
    A Note on the Computation of the Mean Random Consistency Index of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).Vm Rao Tummala & Hong Ling - 1998 - Theory and Decision 44 (3):221-230.
  27.  6
    Supplementary Report: The Effects of the Mean, Midpoint, and Median Upon Adaptation Level in Judgment.Allen Parducci & Louise M. Marshall - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (3):261.
  28.  4
    Obtaining the Mean Relative Weights of the Cost of Care in Catalonia (Spain): Retrospective Application of the Adjusted Clinical Groups Case‐Mix System in Primary Health Care.Antoni Sicras‐Mainar, Soledad Velasco‐Velasco, Ruth Navarro‐Artieda, Alba Aguado Jodar, Oleguer Plana‐Ripoll, Eduardo Hermosilla‐Pérez, Bonaventura Bolibar‐Ribas, Alejandra Prados‐Torres & Concepción Violan‐Fors - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (2):267-276.
  29. On Virtue and Vice Metaphysical Foundations of the Doctrine of the Mean.Richard Bosley - 1991
     
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  30.  98
    The Central Doctrine of the Mean.Rosalind Hursthouse - 2006 - In Richard Kraut (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 96--115.
  31.  9
    R. Bosley, R. A. Shiner, J. D. Sisson : Aristotle, Virtue and the Mean. Pp. Xxi + 217. Edmonton: Academic Printing and Publishing, 1996. Cased, $59.95 . ISBN: 0-920980-64-3. [REVIEW]Andrew Smith - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (2):624-624.
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  32. The Mean for Understanding and Connection in the Clinical Context.Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (3):237-241.
    IN THINKING ABOUT the wonderfully helpful comments by Eric Cassell, Suzanne Jaeger, and Deborah Spitz, I find myself grappling with three central questions: How reliable a guide is world traveling? What kind of knowledge can be obtained by world traveling? and, What are the goals of treatment such that world traveling might be thought to serve a purpose? These questions arise from the insights, criticisms, and cautions the commentators provide, and I will weave together possible answers from ideas drawn from (...)
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  33.  33
    Physiological Theory and the Doctrine of the Mean in Plato and Aristotle. [REVIEW]E. D. Phillips - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (3):419-420.
  34.  16
    The Four Books: Confucian Analects, the Great Learning, the Doctrine of the Mean, and the Works of Mencius.E. H. S. & James Legge - 1966 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 86 (2):263.
  35.  8
    The Great Learning and the Mean-in-Action.Wing-Tsit Chan & E. R. Hughes - 1943 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 63 (4):291.
  36.  27
    An Aristotelian Doctrine of the Mean in the Mencius?Howard J. Curzer - 2012 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (1):53-62.
    Xiahui. While Confucius’ actions are intermediate between the actions of these three sages, the sages’ character traits do not bracket Confucius’ character traits. Instead, the failings of the three sages are skew to each other. Boyi lacks righteousness; Y i Yin lacks benevolence; and L iu Xiahui lacks wisdom. The comparison of the sages centers on the question of when to resign an advisory position. According to Mencius, one should resign only if one’s advice will not be heeded, or if (...)
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  37.  27
    R. Bosley, R. A. Shiner, J. D. Sisson (Edd.): Aristotle, Virtue and the Mean . ( Apeiron 25.4.) Pp. Xxi + 217. Edmonton: Academic Printing and Publishing, 1996. Cased, $59.95 (Paper, $21.95). ISBN: 0-920980-64-3 (0-920980-65-1 Pbk). [REVIEW]Andrew Smith - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (02):624-.
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  38.  31
    Tiyong, Interpenetration and Sincerity in the Great Learning and Doctrine of the Mean.Charles Muller - manuscript
    While there are a wide range of important differences in interpretation of doctrine to be seen even within any single school of East Asian philosophy, whether it be Confucian, Daoist, or Buddhist, it is on the other hand possible to identify broad patterns within East Asian philosophy in a cultural comparative context, especially when, for example, the East Asian philosophical tradition is viewed in contrast with Abrahamic theistic traditions, Platonic-influenced Western philosophy, Brahmanistic philosophy, or the worldviews of modern natural science.
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  39.  6
    The Theory of Religion as Metapraxis : A Perspective of The Doctrine of the Mean.Chong-Duk Park - 2009 - The Journal of Moral Education 20 (2):231.
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  40.  6
    A Note Concerning the Physical Significance of the Mean Diurnal Curve of Temperature.J. R. Sutton - 1913 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 3 (1):187-194.
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  41.  4
    Oscillation and the Mean Ergodic Theorem for Uniformly Convex Banach Spaces.Jeremy Avigad & Jason Rute - unknown
    Let B be a p-uniformly convex Banach space, with p≥2. Let T be a linear operator on B, and let Anx denote the ergodic average ∑i.
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  42. Finding the Mean: Theory and Practice in Aristotelian Political Philosophy. [REVIEW]David Gallagher - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (1):145-146.
    With this book Salkever issues a timely call for political and ethical theory to return to more classical modes of theorizing. His central claim is that Aristotle's approach to social science as presented in the Nicomachean Ethics and Politics, an approach which cuts across many modern dichotomies, is workable and in fact provides a more adequate framework for understanding modern political practice than any modern theory. He looks to Aristotle not for the content of his political theory, but for its (...)
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  43. The Triforce and the Doctrine of the Mean.Charles Joshua Horn - 2009 - In Luke Cuddy (ed.), The Legend of Zelda and Philosophy: I Link Thereforei Am. Open Court.
     
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  44. Stephen G. Salkever, Finding the Mean. Theory and Practice in Aristotelian Political Philosophy. , Pp 287. ISBN 0-691-07803-3. [REVIEW]Richard Mulgan - 1991 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 10 (1-2):191-193.
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  45. Aristotle, Virtue and the Mean[REVIEW]Andrew Smith - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (2):624-624.
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  46.  5
    On the Linear Relation Between the Mean and the Standard Deviation of a Response Time Distribution.Eric-Jan Wagenmakers & Scott Brown - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (3):830-841.
  47. What is “the Mean Relative to Us” in Aristotle's Ethics?”.Lesley Brown - 1997 - Phronesis 42 (1):77-93.
  48.  4
    The Mean–Variance Relationship Reveals Two Possible Strategies for Dynamic Brain Connectivity Analysis in fMRI.William H. Thompson & Peter Fransson - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  49.  34
    The Doctrine of the Mean (Zhongyong) and Division Into Three.Pang Pu - 2008 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 40 (4):10-23.
  50.  10
    The Need to Control for Regression to the Mean in Social Psychology Studies.Rongjun Yu & Li Chen - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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