Results for 'theories of memory'

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  1.  29
    A Theory of Memory Retrieval.Roger Ratcliff - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (2):59-108.
  2.  34
    Theories of Memory.A. Collins, Martin A. Conway & P. E. Morris (eds.) - 1993 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This is a collection of chapters by some of the most influential memory researchers.
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  3.  77
    Representing the Past: Memory Traces and the Causal Theory of Memory.Sarah Robins - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (11):2993-3013.
    According to the Causal Theory of Memory, remembering a particular past event requires a causal connection between that event and its subsequent representation in memory, specifically, a connection sustained by a memory trace. The CTM is the default view of memory in contemporary philosophy, but debates persist over what the involved memory traces must be like. Martin and Deutscher argued that the CTM required memory traces to be structural analogues of past events. Bernecker and (...)
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  4.  69
    Is the Simulation Theory of Memory About Simulation?Nikola Andonovski - 2019 - Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia 10 (3):37.
    This essay investigates the notion of simulation and the role it plays in Kourken Michaelian's simulation theory of memory. I argue that the notion is importantly ambiguous and that this ambiguity may threaten some of the central commitments of the theory. To illustrate that, I examine two different conceptions of simulation: a narrow one (simulation as replication) and a broad one (simulation as computational modeling), arguing that the preferred narrow conception is incompatible with the claim that remembering involves the (...)
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  5.  39
    Toward a Theory of Memory and Attention.Donald A. Norman - 1968 - Psychological Review 75 (6):522-536.
  6.  32
    Contiguity and the Causal Theory of Memory.Sarah K. Robins - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 47 (1):1-19.
    In Memory: A Philosophical Study, Bernecker argues for an account of contiguity. This Contiguity View is meant to solve relearning and prompting, wayward causation problems plaguing the causal theory of memory. I argue that Bernecker’s Contiguity View fails in this task. Contiguity is too weak to prevent relearning and too strong to allow prompting. These failures illustrate a problem inherent in accounts of memory causation. Relearning and prompting are both causal relations, wayward only with respect to our (...)
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  7. A Lockean Theory of Memory Experience.David Owens - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (2):319-32.
    The paper aims to provide an account of the phenomenological differences between perception, recognition and recall. In the first section, recall is distinguished from non-experiential forms of memory. In the second section, it is argued that we can't distinguish perceptual experience from the experience of recall by means of perception's present tense content because it is possible to perceive as well as to recall the past. The Lockean theory of recall as a revival of previous perceptual experience is then (...)
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  8.  4
    Event Memory: A Theory of Memory for Laboratory, Autobiographical, and Fictional Events.David C. Rubin & Sharda Umanath - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (1):1-23.
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  9. Memory Without Content? Radical Enactivism and (Post)Causal Theories of Memory.Kourken Michaelian & André Sant’Anna - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 1):307-335.
    Radical enactivism, an increasingly influential approach to cognition in general, has recently been applied to memory in particular, with Hutto and Peeters New directions in the philosophy of memory, Routledge, New York, 2018) providing the first systematic discussion of the implications of the approach for mainstream philosophical theories of memory. Hutto and Peeters argue that radical enactivism, which entails a conception of memory traces as contentless, is fundamentally at odds with current causal and postcausal (...), which remain committed to a conception of traces as contentful: on their view, if radical enactivism is right, then the relevant theories are wrong. Partisans of the theories in question might respond to Hutto and Peeters’ argument in two ways. First, they might challenge radical enactivism itself. Second, they might challenge the conditional claim that, if radical enactivism is right, then their theories are wrong. In this paper, we develop the latter response, arguing that, appearances to the contrary notwithstanding, radical enactivism in fact aligns neatly with an emerging tendency in the philosophy of memory: radical enactivists and causal and postcausal theorists of memory have begun to converge, for distinct but compatible reasons, on a contentless conception of memory traces. (shrink)
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  10.  94
    The Empiricist Theory of Memory.R. F. Holland - 1954 - Mind 63 (October):464-86.
  11. Confabulating, Misremembering, Relearning: The Simulation Theory of Memory and Unsuccessful Remembering.Kourken Michaelian - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7:1857.
    This articles develops a taxonomy of memory errors in terms of three conditions: the accuracy of the memory representation, the reliability of the memory process, and the internality (with respect to the remembering subject) of that process. Unlike previous taxonomies, which appeal to retention of information rather than reliability or internality, this taxonomy can accommodate not only misremembering (e.g., the DRM effect), falsidical confabulation, and veridical relearning but also veridical confabulation and falsidical relearning. Moreover, because it does (...)
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  12.  13
    K‐Lines: A Theory of Memory.Marvin Minsky - 1980 - Cognitive Science 4 (2):117-133.
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  13.  6
    A Lockean Theory of Memory Experience.David Owens - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (2):319-332.
    For Locke, memory is a power of the mind “to revive Perceptions, which it has once had, with this additional perception annexed to them, that it has had them before.” In my view, this is a correct and complete account of one form of memory: experiential recall. First, it tells us that a recollection counts as veridical only if the experience of the object recalled is an experience the subject has had before. Second, it explains the phenomenological difference (...)
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  14. Remembering with and Without Memory: A Theory of Memory and Aspects of Mind That Enable its Experience.Stan Klein - 2018 - Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Practice and Research 5:117-130.
    This article builds on ideas presented in Klein (2015a) concerning the importance of a more nuanced, conceptually rigorous approach to the scientific understanding and use of the construct “memory”. I first summarize my model, taking care to situate discussion within the terminological practices of contemporary philosophy of mind. I then elucidate the implications of the model for a particular operation of mind – the manner in which content presented to consciousness realizes its particular phenomenological character (i.e., mode of presentation). (...)
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  15. Accounting for Epistemic Relevance: A New Problem for the Causal Theory of Memory.Dorothea Debus - 2010 - American Philosophical Quarterly 47 (1):17-29.
    In their paper "Remembering," first published in the Philosophical Review in 1966, Martin and Deutscher develop what has since come to be known as the Causal Theory of Memory. The core claim of the Causal Theory of Memory runs as follows: If someone remembers something, whether it be "public," such as a car accident, or "private," such as an itch, then the following criteria must be fulfilled: 1. Within certain limits of accuracy he represents that past thing. 2. (...)
     
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  16.  55
    Thomas Reid's Theory of Memory.Rebecca Copenhaver - 2006 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 23 (2):171 - 189.
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  17.  42
    Dualism and the Causal Theory of Memory.Delmas Lewis - 1983 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (September):21-30.
  18.  13
    Three-Store Theories of Memory.William S. Maki - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (3):505-506.
  19. Theories of Memory and Consciousness.Morris Moscovitch - 2000 - In Endel Tulving & Fergus I. M. Craik (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Memory. Oxford University Press.
  20.  44
    A Theory of Autobiographical Memory: Necessary Components and Disorders Resulting From Their Loss.Stanley B. Klein, Tim P. German, Leda Cosmides & Rami Gabriel - 2004 - Social Cognition 22:460-490.
    In this paper we argue that autobiographical memory can be conceptualized as a mental state resulting from the interplay of a set of psychological capacities?self-reflection, self-agency, self-ownership and personal temporality?that transform a memorial representation into an autobiographical personal experience. We first review evidence from a variety of clinical domains?for example, amnesia, autism, frontal lobe pathology, schizophrenia?showing that breakdowns in any of the proposed components can produce impairments in autobiographical recollection, and conclude that the self-reflection, agency, ownership, and personal temporality (...)
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  21. Priming, Theories of Memory, and Theories of Retrieval.T. P. McNamara - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (6):524-524.
  22.  3
    Theories of Memory[REVIEW]D. M. Rivett - 1925 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):74.
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  23. In Theories of Memory.J. M. Gardiner, R. I. Java, A. Collins, S. E. Gathercole, M. A. Conway & P. E. Morris - 1993 - In A. Collins, S. Gathercole, Martin A. Conway & P. E. Morris (eds.), Theories of Memory. Lawrence Erlbaum.
     
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  24.  49
    The Empiricist Theory of Memory.E. J. Furlong - 1956 - Mind 65 (October):542-47.
  25.  7
    The Theories of Memory in Aristotle and Plotinus.R. King - unknown
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  26. A Semiotic Theory of Memory: Between Movement and Form.Daniele Salerno - 2021 - Semiotica 2021 (241):87-119.
    In the multidisciplinary field of memory studies, remembering and forgetting have mainly been analyzed following two ideal-typical models: memory-as-containment and memory-as-flow. These two models are often presented as mutually exclusive and counterposed. Yet, in linking past with present, and when connecting different spaces and generations, memory is always the result of circulation as well as of local semiotic conditions of production and use. By investigating memory-making and oblivion-making in processes of interpretation, the semiotic perspective elaborated (...)
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  27.  12
    Scale and Contour: Two Components of a Theory of Memory for Melodies.W. Jay Dowling - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (4):341-354.
  28. Episodic Memory and Theory of Mind: A Connection Reconsidered.Christoph Hoerl - 2018 - Mind and Language 33 (2):148-160.
    In the literature on episodic memory, one claim that has been made by a number of psychologists, and that is also at least implicit in some of the accounts given by philosophers, is that being able to recollect particular past events in the distinctive way afforded by episodic memory requires the possession of aspects of a theory of mind, such as a grasp of the relationship between one’s present recollective experience and one’s own past perceptual experience of the (...)
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  29.  21
    Paul Ricoeur's Pedagogy of Pardon: A Narrative Theory of Memory and Forgetting.Maria Duffy - 2011 - Continuum.
    Situating narrative: philosophical and theological context -- Ethical being: the storied self as moral agent -- Reconciled being: narrative and pardon -- Pedagogies of pardon in praxis -- Towards a narrative pedagogy of reconciliation -- Ricoeur's legacy: A Praxis of Peace.
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  30.  42
    In Defense of a Nontraditional Theory of Memory.Andrew Naylor - 1985 - The Monist 68 (1):136-50.
    A theory of occurrent factual memory is sketched out. The theory represents an alterative to the traditional theory in John L. Pollock’s Knowledge and Justification, in that it analyzes occurrently remembering that p without employing the notion of ostensible recollection that p. The latter notion, it is argued, can be understood in terms of occurrently believing (or being inclined to believe) that p. In defending his theory against nontraditional alternatives, Pollock employs arguments that conflict with his own principle of (...)
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  31.  77
    Two Informational Theories of Memory: A Case From Memory-Conjunction Errors.Danilo Fraga Dantas - 2020 - Disputatio 12 (59):395-431.
    The causal and simulation theories are often presented as very distinct views about declarative memory, their major difference lying on the causal condition. The causal theory states that remembering involves an accurate representation causally connected to an earlier experience. In the simulation theory, remembering involves an accurate representation generated by a reliable memory process. I investigate how to construe detailed versions of these theories that correctly classify memory errors as misremembering or confabulation. Neither causalists nor (...)
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  32.  29
    Toward a Theory of Human Memory: Data Structures and Access Processes.Michael S. Humphreys, Janet Wiles & Simon Dennis - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):655-667.
    Starting from Marr's ideas about levels of explanation, a theory of the data structures and access processes in human memory is demonstrated on 10 tasks. Functional characteristics of human memory are captured implementation-independently. Our theory generates a multidimensional task classification subsuming existing classifications such as the distinction between tasks that are implicit versus explicit, data driven versus conceptually driven, and simple associative versus higher order, providing a broad basis for new experiments. The formal language clarifies the binding problem (...)
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  33.  3
    Priming and Theories of Memory: A Reply to Ratcliff and McKoon.Timothy P. McNamara - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (1):185-187.
  34. Autonoesis and Belief in a Personal Past: An Evolutionary Theory of Episodic Memory Indices.Stan Klein - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (3):427-447.
    In this paper I discuss philosophical and psychological treatments of the question "how do we decide that an occurrent mental state is a memory and not, say a thought or imagination?" This issue has proven notoriously difficult to resolve, with most proposed indices, criteria and heuristics failing to achieve consensus. Part of the difficulty, I argue, is that the indices and analytic solutions thus far offered seldom have been situated within a well-specified theory of memory function. As I (...)
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  35.  22
    A Theory of Argumentative Understanding: Relationships Among Position Preference, Judgments of Goodness, Memory and Reasoning. [REVIEW]Nancy L. Stein & Christopher A. Miller - 1993 - Argumentation 7 (2):183-204.
    Data are presented that focus on the nature and development of argumentative reasoning. In particular our study describes how support for or against an issue affects memory for critical parts of an argumentative interaction, judgments of argument goodness, and the content of the reasons given in support of one view versus another. Two other factors were examined: developmental differences in argumentation skill and the conditional nature of supporting one side of an argument across varying contexts. Our results show that (...)
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  36.  24
    A Capacity Theory of Comprehension: Individual Differences in Working Memory.Marcel A. Just & Patricia A. Carpenter - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (1):122-149.
  37.  78
    Causal Theories Of Mind: Action, Knowledge, Memory, Perception, And Reference.Steven Davis (ed.) - 1983 - Ny: De Gruyter.
    INTRODUCTION SECTION I In the last 20 years or so philosophers in the analytic tradition have taken an increasing interest in causal theories of a wide ...
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  38.  9
    Priming and Constraints It Places on Theories of Memory and Retrieval.Timothy P. McNamara - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (4):650-662.
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  39.  95
    Toward a Theory of Episodic Memory: The Frontal Lobes and Autonoetic Consciousness.Mark A. Wheeler, Stuss, T. Donald & Endel Tulving - 1997 - Psychological Bulletin 121:331-54.
  40.  10
    Individualized Theory of Mind : When Memory Modulates Empathy.Elisa Ciaramelli, Francesco Bernardi & Morris Moscovitch - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  41.  72
    Hume's Social Theory of Memory.Siyaves Azeri - 2013 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 11 (1):53-68.
    Traditionally, Hume's account of memory is considered an individualist-atomic representational theory. However, textual evidence suggests that Hume's account is better seen as a first attempt to create a social theory of memory that considers social context, custom and habits, language, and logical structures as constitutive elements of memory.
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  42.  6
    Dismantling the Memory Machine: A Philosophical Investigation of Machine Theories of Memory.Ian G. Wallace - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (119):176-178.
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  43.  78
    The Metaphysics of Memory.Sven Bernecker - 2008 - Springer.
    This book investigates central issues in the philosophy of memory. Does remembering require a causal process connecting the past representation to its subsequent recall and, if so, what is the nature of the causal process? Of what kind are the primary intentional objects of memory states? How do we know that our memory experiences portray things the way they happened in the past? Given that our memory is not only a passive device for reproducing thoughts but (...)
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  44.  21
    Mechanist And Organicist Parallels Between Theories Of Memory And Science.Robert F. Belli - 1986 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 7 (1):63-86.
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  45.  3
    Discussion: Professor Titchener's Theory of Memory and Imagination.Arthur Ernest Davies - 1912 - Psychological Review 19 (2):147-157.
  46.  24
    An Instance Theory of Attention and Memory.Gordon D. Logan - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (2):376-400.
  47. Who Will Remember You?: A Philosophical Study and Theory of Memory and Will.Israel B. Bitton - 2021 - Hamilton Books.
    This interdisciplinary work is premised on a holistic account of the historical, philosophical, neuroscientific, and sociocultural aspects of memory that yields a novel theory: the primary human drive is not to “power” or “pleasure” but to significance and memorability. Above all, we want to be cosmically important and remembered.
     
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  48. EDGELL, B. -Theories of Memory[REVIEW]M. H. Carré - 1924 - Mind 33:337.
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  49.  37
    Notes on the Aristotelian Theory of Memory and Anamnesis.D. Z. Andriopoulos - 2010 - Philosophical Inquiry 32 (3-4):73-84.
  50.  24
    Russell's Two Theories of Memory.Iva Apostolova - 2017 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 37 (2).
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