Results for 'tragedy of the commons'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  52
    The Tragedy of the Digital Commons.Gian Maria Greco & Luciano Floridi - 2004 - Ethics and Information Technology 6 (2):73-81.
    In the paper it is argued that bridging the digital divide may cause a new ethical and social dilemma. Using Hardin's Tragedy of the Commons, we show that an improper opening and enlargement of the digital environment (Infosphere) is likely to produce a Tragedy of the Digital Commons (TDC). In the course of the analysis, we explain why Adar and Huberman's previous use of Hardin's Tragedy to interpret certain recent phenomena in the Infosphere (especially peer-to-peer (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  2.  7
    Playing with Models and Optimization to Overcome the Tragedy of the Commons in Groundwater.O. López‐Corona, P. Padilla, O. Escolero, F. Armas, R. García‐Arrazola & R. Esparza - 2014 - Complexity 19 (1):9-21.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  3. The Tragedy of the Commons.Garrett Hardin - unknown
    At the end of a thoughtful article on the future of nuclear war, Wiesner and York concluded that: "Both sides in the arms race are... confronted by the dilemma of steadily increasing military power and steadily decreasing national security. It is our considered professional judgment that this dilemma has no technical solution. If the great powers continue to look for solutions in the area of science and technology only, the result will be to worsen the situation.".
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   124 citations  
  4.  12
    The Tragedy of the Commons as an Essentially Aggregative Harm.Elizabeth Kahn - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (3):223-236.
    This article identifies ‘the tragedy of the commons’ as an essentially aggregative harm and considers what agents in such a scenario owe to one another. It proposes that the duty to take reasonable precautions requires that agents make efforts to establish collective solutions to any essentially aggregative harm to which they would otherwise contribute. Baylor Johnson has argued that the general obligation to promote the common good requires that agents make efforts to establish a collective agreement to avert (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  5.  56
    No Tragedy of the Commons.Susan Jane Buck Cox - 1985 - Environmental Ethics 7 (1):49-61.
    The historical antecedents of Garrett Hardin’s “tragedy ofthe commons” are generally understood to lie in the common grazing lands of medieval and post-medieval England. The concept of the commons current in medieval England is significantly different from the modem concept; the English common was not available to the general public but rather only to certain individuals who inherited or were granted the right to use it, and use ofthe common even by these people was not unregulated. The (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  4
    The Tragedy of the Few.Theresa Scavenius - 2016 - Res Publica 22 (1):53-65.
    In this article I elaborate and defend a rights-based understanding of climate politics, that is, one that takes climate politics to concern the rights to access of natural resources as opposed to people’s economic incentives. The argument contains two parts. The first is negative: to demonstrate that the tragedy of the commons as a story of climate change is inadequate. The second is positive: to suggest a more satisfactory framework, which I call the tragedy of the few. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  39
    A Public Ownership Resolution of the Tragedy of the Commons.John E. Roemer - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2):74.
    Imagine a society of fisherfolk, who, in the state of nature, fish on a lake of finite size. Fishing on the lake is characterized by decreasing returns to scale in labor, because the lake's finite size imply that each successive hour of fishing labor is less effective than the previous one, as the remaining fish become less dense in the lake. In the state of nature, the lake is commonly owned: each fishes as much as he pleases, and, we might (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  8.  7
    Antibiotic Resistance Is a Tragedy of the Commons That Necessitates Global Cooperation.Aidan Hollis & Peter Maybarduk - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (S3):33-37.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  9. A Public Ownership Resolution of the Tragedy of the Commons*: JOHN E. ROEMER.E. Roemer John - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2):74-92.
    Imagine a society of fisherfolk, who, in the state of nature, fish on a lake of finite size. Fishing on the lake is characterized by decreasing returns to scale in labor, because the lake's finite size imply that each successive hour of fishing labor is less effective than the previous one, as the remaining fish become less dense in the lake. In the state of nature, the lake is commonly owned: each fishes as much as he pleases, and, we might (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  15
    The God Particle, Personalized Medicine, and the Tragedy of the Commons.K. Brigham & M. M. Johns - 2013 - The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha 76 (3):18.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  10
    New Frameworks for an Old Tragedy of the Commons and an Aging Common Property Resource Management.Emery M. Roe - 1994 - Agriculture and Human Values 11 (1):29-36.
    A plateau has been reached in how to analyze people's use of their common property resources. We require fresh ways of thinking about the issue. Four new and very different approaches are sketched in the article.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. The Real Tragedy of the Commons.Stephen M. Gardiner - 2001 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 30 (4):387-416.
  13. A Proposal Based on the Tragedy of the Commons : A Museum of Bioprospecting, Intellectual Property Rights, and the Public Domain.Joseph Henry Vogel - 2008 - In Barbara Ann Hocking (ed.), The Nexus of Law and Biology: New Ethical Challenges. Ashgate Pub. Company.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  7
    Global Governance, Institutions, and the Tragedy of the Commons.Jacob Park - 1999 - Philosophy and Geography 2 (2):287-294.
    Global Governance: Drawing Insights from the Environmental Experience, Oran R. Young (ed.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1997, 344 pp., paper, $22.50, ISBN 0?262?74020?6 The Implementation and Effectiveness of International Environmental Commitments: Theory and Practice, David G. Victor, Kal Raustiala and Eugene B. Skolnikoff (eds). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998, 686 pp., paper, $27.50, ISBN 0?262?72028?0.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. The Tragedy of the Ethical Commons: Demoralizing Environmentalism.William Chaloupka - 2002 - In Jane Bennett & Michael J. Shapiro (eds.), The Politics of Moralizing. Routledge. pp. 113--140.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  4
    A Tragedy of the Commons: Interpreting the Replication Crisis in Psychology as a Social Dilemma for Early-Career Researchers.Jim A. C. Everett & Brian D. Earp - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  17. The Tragedy of the Commons as a Voting Game.Luc Bovens - unknown
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  13
    Of Darwin, Jesus, and the Tragedy of the Commons: Is There Justice in Evolution?Daniel White - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (1):83-91.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  4
    Can Small Groups Avoid the Tragedy of the Commons?Morano Rogerio Scabim, de Moraes Edmilson Alves & Jacomossi Rafael Ricardo - forthcoming - AI and Society.
  20.  21
    Diversity of Cooperation in the Tragedy of the Commons.Timothy Killingback, Michael Doebeli & Christoph Hauert - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (1):3-6.
  21.  2
    Global Governance, Institutions, and the Tragedy of the Commons.Jacob Park - 1999 - Ethics, Place and Environment 2 (2):287-294.
  22. Intracellular Evolution of Mitochondrial DNA and the Tragedy of the Cytoplasmic Commons.Haig David - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (6):549-555.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Game Theory and the Self-Fulfilling Climate Tragedy.Matthew Kopec - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (2):203-221.
    Game theorists tend to model climate negotiations as a so-called ‘tragedy of the commons’. This is rather worrisome, since the conditions under which such commons problems have historically been solved are almost entirely absent in the case of international greenhouse gas emissions. In this paper, I will argue that the predictive accuracy of the tragedy model might not stem from the model’s inherent match with reality but rather from the model’s ability to make self-fulfilling predictions. I (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  10
    The Tragedy of Biomedical Moral Enhancement.Stefan Schlag - forthcoming - Neuroethics:1-13.
    In Unfit for the Future, Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu present a challenging argument in favour of biomedical moral enhancement. In light of the existential threats of climate change, insufficient moral capacities of the human species seem to require a cautiously shaped programme of biomedical moral enhancement. The story of the tragedy of the commons creates the impression that climate catastrophe is unavoidable and consequently gives strength to the argument. The present paper analyses to what extent a policy (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Review of Ostrom's Governing the Commons[REVIEW]Walter Block - 2011 - Libertarian Papers 3.
    The lynchpin perhaps even the very foundation of free market environmentalism is the tragedy of the commons. If we do not have private property rights in land, endangered animal species, fish, trees, etc., then there will be a real danger, as the left wing environmentalists charge, of extinction of these resources. Prof. Eleanor Ostrom attempts to show that this is not so; that private property rights are not at all needed if we are to escape environmental degradation of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  92
    Environmental Damage and the Puzzle of the Self-Torturer.Chrisoula Andreou - 2006 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 34 (1):95-108.
    I show, building on Warren Quinn's puzzle of the self-torturer, that destructive conduct with respect to the environment can flourish even in the absence of interpersonal conflicts. As Quinn's puzzle makes apparent, in cases where individually negligible effects are involved, an agent, whether it be an individual or a unified collective, can be led down a course of destruction simply as a result of following its informed and perfectly understandable but intransitive preferences. This is relevant with respect to environmental ethics, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  27. An Introduction to the Theory of Social Dilemmas.Leon Felkins - 1994 - The Ethical Spectacle.
    It is said that society is in a moral crisis. And, what is worse, it seems to be deteriorating at an ever increasing rate. We all agree that something needs to be done. Our politicians and preachers say we need to help each other more, we need to have "family values", we need to contribute to society and we need to have high moral standards. But there is a fundamental logical reason why none of this is going to happen. This (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  30
    Institutions Matter! Why the Herder Problem is Not a Prisoner's Dilemma.Daniel H. Cole & Peter Z. Grossman - 2010 - Theory and Decision 69 (2):219-231.
    In the game theory literature, Garrett Hardin’s famous allegory of the “tragedy of the commons” has been modeled as a variant of the Prisoner’s Dilemma, labeled the Herder Problem (or, sometimes, the Commons Dilemma). This brief paper argues that important differences in the institutional structures of the standard Prisoner’s Dilemma and Herder Problem render the two games different in kind. Specifically, institutional impediments to communication and cooperation that ensure a dominant strategy of defection in the classic Prisoner’s (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  39
    Information Technologies and the Tragedy of the Good Will.Luciano Floridi - 2006 - Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):253-262.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  30.  6
    The Eros and Tragedy of Peace in Whitehead’s Philosophy of Culture.Myron Moses Jackson - 2015 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 23 (1):93-122.
    One of the most intriguing and underappreciated aspects of Alfred North Whitehead’s philosophy is his treatment of peace as a civilizational aim of culture. The problem of peace is the subject in the final chapter of Whitehead’s Adventures of Ideas. It is considered along with the other four qualities of civilized societies, “Adventure, Art, Beauty, and Truth.” Although his analysis is driven by examples from Western and Christian history, respectively, the treatment of peace developed is not limited to this or (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  9
    Intergroup Cooperation in Common Pool Resource Dilemmas.Jathan Sadowski, Susan G. Spierre, Evan Selinger, Thomas P. Seager, Elizabeth A. Adams & Andrew Berardy - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1197-1215.
    Fundamental problems of environmental sustainability, including climate change and fisheries management, require collective action on a scale that transcends the political and cultural boundaries of the nation-state. Rational, self-interested neoclassical economic theories of human behavior predict tragedy in the absence of third party enforcement of agreements and practical difficulties that prevent privatization. Evolutionary biology offers a theory of cooperation, but more often than not in a context of discrimination against other groups. That is, in-group boundaries are necessarily defined by (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  16
    Book ReviewsRichard Tuck,. Free Riding.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008. Pp. 223. $35.00. [REVIEW]S. M. Amadae - 2008 - Ethics 119 (1):211-216.
    This review of Richard Tuck's Free Riding conveys Tuck's crucial distinction between the logic of collective action which fails due to the problem of causal negligibility, and free riding, which has been modeled as a Prisoner's Dilemma and involves casually impacting another actor in an adverse manner. Tuck also distinguishes the practice of voting which he argues neither fails due to the worry of causal negligibility or due to free riding; instead it represents a problem of achieving sufficiency of votes (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. The Pleasures of Documentary Tragedy.Stacie Friend - 2007 - British Journal of Aesthetics 47 (2):184-198.
    Two assumptions are common in discussions of the paradox of tragedy: (1) that tragic pleasure requires that the work be fictional or, if non-fiction, then non-transparently represented; and (2) that tragic pleasure may be provoked by a wide variety of art forms. In opposition to (1) I argue that certain documentaries could produce tragic pleasure. This is not to say that any sad or painful documentary could do so. In considering which documentaries might be plausible candidates, I further argue, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34.  7
    Commons Without Tragedy: Protecting the Environment From Overpopulation. Edited by Robert V. Andelson. Pp. 198. (Shepheard-Walwyn, London; Barnes & Noble, Maryland, 1991.). [REVIEW]Elizabeth Still - 1993 - Journal of Biosocial Science 25 (2):279-280.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  31
    The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy.Martha Craven Nussbaum - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a study of ancient views about 'moral luck'. It examines the fundamental ethical problem that many of the valued constituents of a well-lived life are vulnerable to factors outside a person's control, and asks how this affects our appraisal of persons and their lives. The Greeks made a profound contribution to these questions, yet neither the problems nor the Greek views of them have received the attention they deserve. This book thus recovers a central dimension of Greek (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   162 citations  
  36. The Birth of Tragedy.Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche - 1967 - Oxford University Press.
    In The Birth of Tragedy Nietzsche expounds on the origins of Greek tragedy and its relevance to the German culture of its time. He declares it to be the expression of a culture which has achieved a delicate but powerful balance between Dionysian insight into the chaos and suffering which underlies all existence and the discipline and clarity of rational Apollonian form. In order to promote a return to these values, Nietzsche critiques the complacent rationalism of late nineteenth-century (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   28 citations  
  37.  17
    Crossings: Nietzsche and the Space of Tragedy.John Sallis - 1991 - University of Chicago Press.
    Boldly contesting recent scholarship, Sallis argues that The Birth of Tragedy is a rethinking of art at the limit of metaphysics. His close reading focuses on the complexity of the Apollinian/Dionysian dyad and on the crossing of these basic art impulses in tragedy. "Sallis effectively calls into question some commonly accepted and simplistic ideas about Nietzsche's early thinking and its debt to Schopenhauer, and proposes alternatives that are worth considering."--Richard Schacht, Times Literary Supplement.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  38.  77
    Acknowledgement and the Paradox of Tragedy.Daan Evers & Natalja Deng - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (2):337-350.
    We offer a new answer to the paradox of tragedy. We explain part of the appeal of tragic art in terms of its acknowledgement of sad aspects of life and offer a tentative explanation of why acknowledgement is a source of pleasure.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  9
    Throne of Blood and the Metaphysics of Tragedy.Henry Somers-Hall - 2013 - Film-Philosophy 17 (1):68-83.
    The aim of this paper is to explore the metaphysical foundations of Throne of Blood , Kurosawa's reworking of Shakespeare's Macbeth . Using Hegel's theory of tragedy, I develop the distinction between Greek and modern tragedy, with their differing bases in ethical and subjective freedom. I then show that Noh drama also includes a very different metaphysical account, stemming from its theoretical roots in Buddhism. I then use these three differing accounts (Greek, modern and Noh drama) to explore (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  33
    The Locus of Tragedy.Arthur Cools (ed.) - 2008 - Brill.
    This book wants to open a contemporary philosophical perspective on the tragic. What is the locus of tragedy?
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  61
    The Claim of Reason: Wittgenstein, Skepticism, Morality, and Tragedy.Stanley Cavell - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
    This reissue of an American philosophical classic includes a new preface by Cavell, in which he discusses the work's reception and influence. The work fosters a fascinating relationship between philosophy and literature both by augmenting his philosophical discussions with examples from literature and by applying philosophical theories to literary texts. Cavell also succeeds in drawing some very important parallels between the British analytic tradition and the continental tradition, by comparing skepticism as understood in Descartes, Hume, and Kant with philosophy of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   149 citations  
  42.  19
    Between the Philosophy of Religion and Cultural History: Susan Taubes on the Birth of Tragedy and the Negative Theology of Modernity.Sigrid Weigel - 2010 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2010 (150):115-135.
    The caesura of tragedy, more precisely tragedy as the scene of a caesura upon which an interruption occurs in the relation between divine grounds and human will, stands at the center of Susan Taubes's confrontation with tragedy. Moving beyond an explication of generic history, she analyzed the “Nature of Tragedy” (1953) as a phenomenon emerging from a cultural-historical threshold situation, illuminating tragedy's origins in the framework of her approach to ritual, religion, and philosophy. In respect (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  7
    On the Tragedy of Philosopher's Belief.Baichun Zhang - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 45:373-378.
    Philosophy and religion keep close connection by the intermediary belief of philosophers. The Greek philosophers criticized the object of masses’ and themselves religion depending on their rationality, finally gave up the masses’ belief and its object (religion). The Christian thinkers defended the masses’ religion and its object based upon philosophy and rationality. Modern philosophers appeared, going on with tradition of Greek philosophers, they reflected and criticized belief and its object, finally break away from masses ’ belief and its object and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  14
    Tragedy of the Anticommons? Intellectual Property and the Sharing of Scientific Information.Justin B. Biddle - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):821-832.
    Many philosophers argue that the emphasis on commercializing scientific research---and particularly on patenting the results of research---is both epistemically and socially detrimental, in part because it inhibits the flow of information. One of the most important of these criticisms is the ``tragedy of the anticommons'' thesis. Some have attempted to test this thesis empirically, and many have argued that these empirical tests effectively falsify the thesis. I argue that they neither falsify nor disconfirm the thesis because they do not (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  45.  73
    Serving Social Justice: The Role of the Commons in Sustainable Food Systems.Jennifer Sumner - 2011 - Studies in Social Justice 5 (1):63-75.
    Food is a source of sustenance, a cause for celebration, an inducement to temptation, a vehicle for power, an indicator of well-being, a catalyst for change and, above all, a life good. Along with other life goods such as potable water, clean air, adequate shelter and protective clothing, food is something we cannot live without. The global corporate food system, however, allows 800 million to go hungry, while an even larger number of people grow obese. Based in money-values, this food (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  18
    The Tragedy of the Master: Automation, Vulnerability, and Distance.Mark Coeckelbergh - 2015 - Ethics and Information Technology 17 (3):219-229.
    Responding to long-standing warnings that robots and AI will enslave humans, I argue that the main problem we face is not that automation might turn us into slaves but, rather, that we remain masters. First I construct an argument concerning what I call ‘the tragedy of the master’: using the master–slave dialectic, I argue that automation technologies threaten to make us vulnerable, alienated, and automated masters. I elaborate the implications for power, knowledge, and experience. Then I critically discuss and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  11
    The Birth of Tragedy ; and, the Genealogy of Morals.Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche - 1956 - N.Y.: Anchor Books.
    Skillful, sophisticated translations of two of Nietzsche's essential works about the conflict between the moral and aesthetic approaches to life, the impact of Christianity on human values, the meaning of science, the contrast between the Apollonian and Dionysian spirits, and other themes central to his thinking.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   19 citations  
  48.  43
    The Birth of Tragedy Out of the Spirit of Music.Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche - 1993 - Penguin Books.
    Classic, influential study of Greek tragedy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  49.  36
    A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change.M. Gardiner Stephen - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Climate change is a global problem that is predominantly an intergenerational conflict, and which takes place in a setting where our ethical impulses are weak. This "perfect moral storm" poses a profound challenge to humanity. This book explains how the "perfect storm" metaphor makes sense of our current malaise, and why a better ethics can help see our way out.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   21 citations  
  50. Fiction, Pleasurable Tragedy, and the HOT Theory of Consciousness.Rocco J. Gennaro - 2000 - Philosophical Papers 29 (2):107-20.
    [Final version in Philosophical Papers, 2000] Much has been made over the past few decades of two related problems in aesthetics. First, the "feeling fiction problem," as I will call it, asks: is it rational to be moved by what happens to fictional characters? How can we care about what happens to people who we know are not real?[i] Second, the so-called "paradox of tragedy" is embodied in the question: Why or how is it that we take pleasure in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 1000