Results for 'transcendental argument(s)'

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  1. On Kant’s Transcendental Argument(S).Sergey Katrechko - 2016 - Con-Textos Kantianos 4:98-117.
    Presented in the “Critique of Pure Reason” transcendental philosophy is the first theory of science,which seeks to identify and study the conditions of the possibility of cognition. Thus, Kant carries out a shift to the study of ‘mode of our cognition’ and TP is a method, where transcendental argumentation acts as its essential basis. The article is devoted to the analysis of the transcendental arguments. In § 2 the background of ТА — transcendental method of Antiquity (...)
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  2.  85
    The Value of Humanity: Reflections on Korsgaard's Transcendental Argument.Robert Stern - 2011 - In Joel Smith & Peter Sullivan (eds.), Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism. Oxford University Press. pp. 74.
    This article considers Christine Korsgaard's argument for the value of humanity, and the role that her transcendental argument plays in this, to the effect that an agent must value her own humanity. Two forms of that argument are considered, and the second is defended. The analysis of her position is also put in the context of debates about transcendental arguments more generally.
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  3. Kant’s Quasi-Transcendental Argument for a Necessary and Universal Evil Propensity in Human Nature.Stephen R. Palmquist - 2008 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (2):261-297.
    In Part One of Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason, Kant repeatedly refers to a “proof ” that human nature has a necessary and universal “evil propensity,” but he provides only obscure hints at its location. Interpreters have failed to identify such an argument in Part One. After examining relevant passages, summarizing recent attempts to reconstruct the argument, and explaining why these do not meet Kant’s stated needs, I argue that the elusive proof must have atranscendental form (called quasi- (...) because Kant never uses “transcendental” in Religion). With deceptive simplicity, the section titles of Part One, viewed as components in an architechtonic system of religion, constitute steps in just such a proof. (shrink)
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  4.  44
    Strawson’s Modest Transcendental Argument.D. Justin Coates - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (4):799-822.
    Although Peter Strawson’s ‘Freedom and Resentment’ was published over fifty years ago and has been widely discussed, its main argument is still notoriously difficult to pin down. The most common – but in my view, mistaken – interpretation of Strawson’s argument takes him to be providing a ‘relentlessly’ naturalistic framework for our responsibility practices. To rectify this mistake, I offer an alternative interpretation of Strawson’s argument. As I see it, rather than offering a relentlessly naturalistic framework for moral responsibility, Strawson (...)
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  5.  8
    The Transcendental Argument in Kant's.Robert J. Benton - 1978 - Journal of Value Inquiry 12 (3):225-237.
    From this summary account of the deduction we can draw a number of conclusions: In the first place, the guiding thesis used to make sense of the argument was that the argument needed to ground not just the moral law but a cognitive framework within which the moral law is the highest law. This distinction is important since it allows us to distinguish in the practical philosophy (as in the theoretical) a level of transcendental argumentation from a level of (...)
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  6.  9
    The Spinozism of Fichte’s Transcendental Argument in the Lecture Notes of 1804.George Di Giovanni - 2017 - Fichte-Studien 44:49-63.
    In a transcendental argument, a judgement ≫S is P≪ is unpacked into the two reflective claims: ≫I say that S is P≪, and ≫What I say is indeed the case≪; and the truth of the second is made to rest on the authority of the ≫I say≪ of the first. The argument has all the features of a testimony, where the reliability of the testimony depends on the extent to which, in being rendered, it conforms to stipulated canons of (...)
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  7. Phenomenology and Transcendental Argument in Mathematics: The Case of Brouwer's Bar Theorem.Mark Van Atten - unknown
    On the intended interpretation of intuitionistic logic, Heyting's Proof Interpretation, a proof of a proposition of the form p -> q consists in a construction method that transforms any possible proof of p into a proof of q. This involves the notion of the totality of all proofs in an essential way, and this interpretation has therefore been objected to on grounds of impredicativity (e.g. Gödel 1933). In fact this hardly ever leads to problems as in proofs of implications usually (...)
     
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  8. Kant's Argument for Transcendental Idealism in the Transcendental Aesthetic.Lucy Allais - 2010 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (1pt1):47-75.
    This paper gives an interpretation of Kant's argument for transcendental idealism in the Transcendental Aesthetic. I argue against a common way of reading this argument, which sees Kant as arguing that substantive a priori claims about mind-independent reality would be unintelligible because we cannot explain the source of their justification. I argue that Kant's concern with how synthetic a priori propositions are possible is not a concern with the source of their justification, but with how they can have (...)
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  9. Kant’s Transcendental Deduction as a Regressive Argument.Karl Ameriks - 1978 - Kant-Studien 69 (1-4):273-287.
    Major recent interpretations of Kant's first "critique" (wolff, Strawson, Bennett) have taken his transcendental deduction to be an argument from the fact of consciousness to the existence of an objective world. I argue that it is unclear such an argument can succeed and there are overwhelming reasons to believe kant understood his deduction as having a very different form, namely as moving from the premise that there is empirical knowledge to the conclusion that there are universally valid pure categories. (...)
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  10.  29
    Russell's Transcendental Argument Revisited.David Sullivan - 2008 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 4:200.
    This paper seeks to delineate some of the significant modes of philosophical resistance to, and subversion of, British Idealism already operational in Russell's earliest work. One key tactic employed in "An Essay On the Foundations of Geometry" is to reorient the findings of the "modern logic" of Bradley and Bosanquet by employing some "transcendental" or neo-Kantian strategies. Russell thereby arrives at a number of conclusions with a metaphysical or epistemological import at wide variance with the approach of the British (...)
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  11.  97
    Wittgenstein's Transcendental Deduction and Kant's Private Language Argument.Leslie Stevenson - 1982 - Kant-Studien 73 (1-4):321-337.
    I first criticize strawson's account of the transcendental deduction, And then argue that wittgenstein's considerations (in his later work) of the rule-Governed nature of judgment can be used to reconstruct a valid argument for a certain kind of objectivity, Which excludes solipsims. I suggest how kant's talk of synthesis can be reinterpreted in the light of this, As indeed can the doctrine of empirical realism and transcendental idealism.
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  12.  61
    Kant’s Objectivity Argument In the 1787 Transcendental Deduction.Frank M. Kirkland - 1987 - Idealistic Studies 17 (3):245-257.
    The goal of Kant’s transcendental deduction is to demonstrate the reciprocal implication of self-consciousness and objectivity. Kant’s argument is that the subject possesses a priori cognizance concerning the thoroughgoing identity of itself and that this entails a priori for the subject cognition of the manners in which the combining activities of individual cognitive states must and can occur if its self-identity is to be maintained. Kant proposes that the cognitive subject makes judgments concerning its identity, and then shows that (...)
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  13.  22
    IX- Closing the Gap: A New Answer to an Old Objection Against Kant's Argument for Transcendental Idealism.Tobias Rosefeld - 2016 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 116 (2):181-203.
    In this paper I present a new solution to the so-called ‘neglected alternative’ objection against Kant’s argument for transcendental idealism. According to this objection, Kant does not give sufficient justification for his claim that not only are space and time forms of our intuition but they also fail to be things in themselves or properties thereof. I first discuss a proposal by Willaschek and Allais, who try to defend Kant against this charge by building on his account of a (...)
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  14.  25
    IS NOW A MOMENT IN TIME? A Discussion of McTaggart’s Argument Against the Reality of Time From a Transcendental Idealist Standpoint.Michel Bitbol - unknown
    A concept of the ‘actual now’ is introduced. The ‘actual now’ is negatively characterized by the fact that it is absent from the time-series. This does not mean that the ‘actual now’ is outside the time-series. For saying so would wrongly suggest the existence of an ‘outside’ where the ‘actual now’ could be located. Instead, one considers that the ‘actual now’ is just the name of ‘that with respect to which’ any event can be said to be past or future, (...)
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  15.  7
    Kant’s Quasi-Transcendental Argument for a Necessary and Universal Evil Propensity in Human Nature.Stephen R. Palmquist - 2008 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (2):261-297.
    In Part One of Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason, Kant repeatedly refers to a “proof ” that human nature has a necessary and universal “evil propensity,” but he provides only obscure hints at its location. Interpreters have failed to identify such an argument in Part One. After examining relevant passages, summarizing recent attempts to reconstruct the argument, and explaining why these do not meet Kant’s stated needs, I argue that the elusive proof must have atranscendental form. With deceptive (...)
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  16. Comment on John McDowell's "The Disjunctive Conception of Experience as Material for a Transcendental Argument".Crispin Wright - 2008 - In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action and Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 390.
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  17.  4
    The Idea of Positive Law: Immanuel Kant’s Transcendental Argument.Tomasz Bekrycht - 2019 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 10 (1):147-157.
    In their philosophical projects that address the concept of law, Immanuel Kant, Johann G. Fichte, and Georg W. F. Hegel all employ transcendental argumentation to demonstrate the sovereignty of community and the existence of power. They do this in the attempt to conceptually ground the idea of freedom and reconcile it with the notion of coercion within the framework of the idea of positive law. This article focuses solely on the Kantian project, since the approaches of Fichte and Hegel (...)
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  18. On Kant's Response to Hume: The Second Analogy as Transcendental Argument.Robert Stern - 2003 - In Transcendental Arguments: Problems and Prospects. Clarendon Press.
  19. Ramsey's Transcendental Argument.Michael Potter - 2005 - In Hallvard Lillehammer & D. H. Mellor (eds.), Ramsey's Legacy. Oxford University Press. pp. 71--82.
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  20.  75
    Reflections on the Economic Crisis. The Transcendental Character of Money: An Exposition of Karl Marx’s Argument in the Grundrisse.J. F. Humphrey - 2010 - Nordicum-Mediterraneum, Vol. 5, No. 1 (March 2010) 5 (1).
    An exposition of Karl Marx’s argument in the Grundrisse for the logical development of money, this essay is divided into three parts. Since Marx is concerned to distinguish himself and his method from that of the seventeenth century political economists, I begin my paper with a brief reflection on “the scientifically correct method” or the “theoretical method” (Grundrisse 101 and 102). The second part of this paper considers how Marx justifies beginning his reflection with the concept of production in general. (...)
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  21.  38
    Lonergan's Performative Transcendental Argument Against Scepticism.William R. Rehg - 1989 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 63:257.
  22.  17
    A Dilemma For The Proponent Of The Transcendental Argument For God’s Existence.David Reiter - 2009 - Philosophia Christi 11 (2):465-470.
  23. Putnam's Transcendental Argument.Paul Coppock - 1987 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 68 (1):14.
     
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  24.  15
    Kelsen's Transcendental Argument – A Response to Stanley Paulson.Berger Mario García - 2017 - Latest Issue of Archiv Fuer Rechts Und Sozialphilosphie 103 (2):193-206.
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  25. The Transcendental Argument in Kant's Groundwork.Robert J. Benton - 1978 - Journal of Value Inquiry 12 (3).
  26.  2
    Lonergan’s Performative Transcendental Argument Against Scepticism.William R. Rehg - 1989 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 63:257-268.
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  27. The Transcendental and the Geometrical: Kant's Argument for the Infinity of Space.Mary Domski - 2008 - In Valerio Rohden, Ricardo R. Terra, Guido A. de Almeida & Margit Ruffing (eds.), Law and Peace in Kant's Philosophy. Walter de Gruyter.
     
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  28.  3
    The Transcendental and the Geometrical: Kant’s Argument for the Infinity of Space.Margit Ruffing, Guido A. De Almeida, Ricardo R. Terra & Valerio Rohden - 2008 - In Margit Ruffing, Guido A. De Almeida, Ricardo R. Terra & Valerio Rohden (eds.), Recht Und Frieden in der Philosophie Kantslaw and Peace in Kant’s Philosophy: Akten des X. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Walter de Gruyter.
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  29. Transcendental Idealism and Causality: An Interpretation of Kant's Argument in the Second Analogy.Carl J. Posy - 1984 - In William A. Harper & Ralf Meerbote (eds.), Kant on Causality, Freedom, and Objectivity. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 20-41.
     
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  30. Kant's Transcendental Religious Argument: The Possibility of Religion.Dennis Schulting - 2013 - In Stefano Bacin & Claudio La Rocca (eds.), Akten des XI. Kant-Kongresses 2010. de Gruyter. pp. 949-962.
  31. Kant's Transcendental Deduction as a Regressive Argument.K. Ameriks - 1978 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 69 (3):273.
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  32.  35
    Review: Howell, Kant's Transcendental Deduction: An Analysis of the Main Themes in His Critical Philosophy; Assessing Kant's Master Argument.Derk Pereboom - 2001 - Kantian Review 5:90-156.
  33. Transcendental Arguments and Conceptual Schemes. A Reconsideration of Körner's Uniqueness Argument.J. E. Malpas - 1990 - Kant-Studien 81 (2):232-251.
  34.  34
    Two Lines of Argument in Kant’s Transcendental Aesthetic.Richard E. Aquila - 1978 - International Studies in Philosophy 10:85-100.
  35. Wittgenstein's Transcendental Deduction and Kant's Private Language Argument.L. Stevenson - 1982 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 73 (3):321.
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  36.  7
    Promissory Notes – Kant’s Argument for Transcendental Idealism.Michael Rohlf - 2013 - In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 371-382.
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  37.  2
    Two Lines of Argument in Kant’s Transcendental Aesthetic.Richard E. Aquila - 1978 - International Studies in Philosophy 10:85-100.
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  38. Transcendental Arguments and Conceptual Schemes. A Resonsideration of Körner's Uniqueness Argument.J. E. Malpas - 1990 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 81 (2):232.
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  39. The Argument From Geometry, Transcendental Idealism, and Kant's Two Worlds.James Van Cleve - 1992 - In Phillip D. Cummins & Guenter Zoeller (eds.), Minds, Ideas, and Objects: Essays in the Theory of Representation in Modern Philosophy. Ridgeview Publishing Company.
  40. Stroud, Hegel, Heidegger: A Transcendental Argument.Kim Davies - 2018 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism.
    _ Source: _Page Count 25 This is a pre-print. Please cite only the revised published version. This paper presents an original, ambitious, truth-directed transcendental argument for the existence of an ‘external world’. It begins with a double-headed starting-point: Stroud’s own remarks on the necessary conditions of language in general, and Hegel’s critique of the “fear of error.” The paper argues that the sceptical challenge requires a particular critical concept of thought as that which may diverge from reality, and that (...)
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  41.  22
    The Nature of a Transcendental Argument: Toward a Critique of Dialectic: The Pulse of Freedom.Jamie Morgan - 2004 - Journal of Critical Realism 3 (2):305-340.
    Surprisingly, over the decade or so since its publication, Bhaskar's Dialectic: The Pulse of Freedom has received relatively little in the way of systematic analysis either by critical realists or their critics. There have been, however, a number of critiques that have dealt with some of its themes and developments in a variety of contexts. In the following study, I assess the argument of Alex Callinicos. Callinicos' critique, though in many ways sympathetic, is fundamental to critical realism. Engaging with it (...)
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  42.  65
    The Trouble with Transcendental Arguments: Towards a Naturalization of Roy Bhaskar's Early Realist Ontology.Tuukka Kaidesoja - 2005 - Journal of Critical Realism 4 (1):28-61.
    This article analyzes and criticizes the transcendental arguments Roy Bhaskar uses to justify his transcendental realist ontology. They are compared to Kant's in the Critique of Pure Reason and a detailed reconstruction of those formulated in A Realist Theory of Science is presented. It is argued that these formulations contain certain ambiguities and are beset with other, more serious, problems. First, Bhaskar's descriptions of scientific practices are far more controversial than is presupposed in his arguments. Second, Bhaskar uses (...)
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  43. Reflections on Kant's Transcendental Psychology: Can It Provide a Bridge to the Transcendent?Irmgard Scherer - 2008 - In Valerio Rohden, Ricardo R. Terra, Guido A. de Almeida & Margit Ruffing (eds.), Recht und Frieden in der Philosophie Kants, 10th International Kant Congress. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 87 - 97.
    I argue that once one holds (as Kant does) that the mind is equipped with innate, pre-existing, i.e. a priori structures, one can ask (as materialists or empiricists would), Is there an identifiable source of such structures and what does it imply? Already Schopenhauer, Moses Mendelssohn and others have taken that route of argument, without fully drawing the implications. In this paper I attempt to do so, posing the query: Is Kant's very explicit separation of the transcendent from the (...) necessary in his critical system? I try to answer from various perspectives. (shrink)
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  44.  54
    The Kinds of Things: A Theory of Personal Identity Based on Transcendental Argument.Frederick Doepke - 1996 - Open Court Publishing Company.
    The main contribution of this work is to develop the account of material constitution presented in Spatially Coinciding Objects (Ratio 24, 1982) and a series of related articles. This account was merely ‘analytical’ in that it applied generously to ‘putative’ examples of distinct entities (individuals, pluralities and masses of stuff) in the same place at the same time. The account herein is ‘critical’ in that it seeks justification for recognizing the existence of entities constituted in addition to the entities that (...)
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  45. Can They Say What They Want? A Transcendental Argument Against Utilitarianism.Olaf L. Mueller - 2003 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (2):241-259.
    Let us imagine an ideal ethical agent, i.e., an agent who (i) holds a certain ethical theory, (ii) has all factual knowledge needed for determining which action among those open to her is right and which is wrong, according to her theory, and who (iii) is ideally motivated to really do whatever her ethical theory demands her to do. If we grant that the notions of omniscience and ideal motivation both make sense, we may ask: Could there possibly be an (...)
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  46.  2
    Determinism and Judgment. A Critique of the Indirect Epistemic Transcendental Argument for Freedom.Luca Zanetti - 2019 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 15 (2):33-54.
    In a recent book entitled Free Will and Epistemology. A Defence of the Transcendental Argument for Freedom, Robert Lockie argues that the belief in determinism is self-defeating. Lockie’s argument hinges on the contention that we are bound to assess whether our beliefs are justified by relying on an internalist deontological conception of justification. However, the determinist denies the existence of the free will that is required in order to form justified beliefs according to such deontological conception of justification. As (...)
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  47.  11
    Natural Agents: A Transcendental Argument for Pragmatic Naturalism.Carl Sachs - 2009 - Contemporary Pragmatism 6 (1):15-37.
    I distinguish between two phases of Rorty’s naturalism: “nonreductive physicalism” (NRP) and “pragmatic naturalism” (PN). NRP holds that the vocabulary of mental states is irreducible to that of physical states, but this irreducibility does not distinguish the mental from other irreducible vocabularies. PN differs by explicitly accepting a naturalistic argument for the transcendental status of the vocabulary of agency. Though I present some reasons for preferring PN over NRP, PN depends on whether ‘normativity’ can be ‘naturalized’.
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  48. Defending Davidson’s Anti-Skepticism Argument: A Reply to Otavio Bueno.Mohammad Reza Vaez Shahrestani - 2017 - Philosophy Study 7 (11).
    In the article of Bueno titled “Davidson and Skepticism: How Not to Respond to the Skeptic,” he intends to demonstrate that although Davidson’s theory of Coherence holds many attractions, it does not entail a response to any kinds of skepticism including Global, Lottery, and Pyrrhonian. In this study, the goal is to criticize the work of Prof. Bueno in connection with two criticisms raised by him over Davidson’s anti-skeptical strategy. Further, by giving some reasons in favor of Davidson’s anti-skepticism argument, (...)
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  49. What is Hacking’s Argument for Entity Realism?Boaz Miller - 2016 - Synthese 193 (3):991-1006.
    According to Ian Hacking’s Entity Realism, unobservable entities that scientists carefully manipulate to study other phenomena are real. Although Hacking presents his case in an intuitive, attractive, and persuasive way, his argument remains elusive. I present five possible readings of Hacking’s argument: a no-miracle argument, an indispensability argument, a transcendental argument, a Vichian argument, and a non-argument. I elucidate Hacking’s argument according to each reading, and review their strengths, their weaknesses, and their compatibility with each other.
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    One More Failed Transcendental Argument.Anthony Brueckner - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):633 - 636.
    In "The Self-Defeating Character of Skepticism," Douglas C. Long presents a transcendental argument against epistemological skepticism.' The argument has a distinctively Kantian flavor (though Long does not highlight this connection), in that it proceeds from the premise that I have self-knowledge and ends with the conclusion that I have perceptual knowledge of an objective, material subject of mental states. If the skeptic wishes to accept the transcendental argument's premise (as he seems to do), then he must reject his (...)
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