Results for 'truthlikeness'

108 found
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  1.  14
    Representation and Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2014 - Foundations of Science 19 (4):375-379.
    Woosuk Park’s paper “Misrepresentation in Context” is a useful plea for a theory of representation with promising interaction between cognitive science, philosophy of science, and aesthetics. In this paper, I argue that such a unified account is provided by Charles S. Peirce’s semiotics. This theory puts Park’s criticism of Nelson Goodman and Jerry Fodor in context. Some of Park’s pertinent remarks on the problem of misrepresentation can be illuminated by the account of truthlikeness and idealization developed by philosophers of (...)
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  2.  26
    Belief Merging with the Aim of Truthlikeness.Simon D'Alfonso - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7).
    The merging/fusion of belief/data collections in propositional logic form is a topic that has received due attention within the domains of database and AI research. A distinction can be made between two types of scenarios to which the process of merging can be applied. In the first type, the collections represent preferences, such as the voting choices of a group of people, that need to be aggregated so as to give a consistent result that in some way best represents the (...)
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  3.  8
    In Defense of the Notion of Truthlikeness.Ingvar Johansson - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (1):59-69.
    The notion of truthlikeness, coined by Karl Popper, has very much fallen into oblivion, but the paper defends it. It can be regarded in two different ways. Either as a notion that is meaningful only if some formal measure of degree of truthlikeness can be constructed; or as a merely non-formal comparative notion that nonetheless has important functions to fulfill. It is the latter notion that is defended; it is claimed that such a notion is needed for both (...)
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  4.  5
    Carnapian Truthlikeness.Gustavo Cevolani - 2016 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 24 (4):542-556.
    Theories of truthlikeness (or verisimilitude) are currently being classified according to two independent distinctions: that between ‘content’ and ‘likeness’ accounts, and that between ‘conjunctive’ and ‘disjunctive’ ones. In this article, I present and discuss a new definition of truthlikeness, which employs Carnap’s notion of the content elements entailed by a theory or proposition, and is then labelled ‘Carnapian’. After studying in detail the properties and shortcomings of this definition, I argue that it occupies a unique position in the (...)
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  5. Supplementing Belief Revision for The Aim of Truthlikeness.Simon D'Alfonso - 2011 - The Reasoner 5 (9):143-144.
  6.  98
    Truthlikeness.Graham Oddie - 2014 - Stanford Encyclopedia.
    Truth is the aim of inquiry. Nevertheless, some falsehoods seem to realize this aim better than others. Some truths better realize the aim than other truths. And perhaps even some falsehoods realize the aim better than some truths do. The dichotomy of the class of propositions into truths and falsehoods should thus be supplemented with a more fine-grained ordering — one which classifies propositions according to their closeness to the truth, their degree of truthlikeness or verisimilitude. The logical problem (...)
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  7.  38
    Probability, Approximate Truth, and Truthlikeness: More Ways Out of the Preface Paradox.Gustavo Cevolani & Gerhard Schurz - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (2):209-225.
    The so-called Preface Paradox seems to show that one can rationally believe two logically incompatible propositions. We address this puzzle, relying on the notions of truthlikeness and approximate truth as studied within the post-Popperian research programme on verisimilitude. In particular, we show that adequately combining probability, approximate truth, and truthlikeness leads to an explanation of how rational belief is possible in the face of the Preface Paradox. We argue that our account is superior to other solutions of the (...)
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  8.  10
    Truthlikeness and the Lottery Paradox Via the Preface Paradox.Simon D'Alfonso - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-7.
    In a 2017 AJP paper, Cevolani and Schurz propose a novel solution to the Preface Paradox that appeals to the notion of expected truthlikeness. This discussion note extends and analyses their approach by applying it to the related Lottery Paradox.
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  9. Reference Invariance and Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):546-554.
    A holistic account of the meaning of theoretical terms leads scientific realism into serious troubles. Alternative methods of reference fixing are needed by a realist who wishes to show how reference invariance is possible in spite of meaning variance. This paper argues that the similarity theory of truthlikeness and approximate truth, developed by logicians since the mid 1970s, helps to make precise the idea of charitable theoretical reference. Comparisons to the recent proposals by Kitcher and Psillos are given. This (...)
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  10.  32
    A Critique of the Constitutive Role of Truthlikeness in the Similarity Approach.Carlotta Piscopo & Mauro Birattari - 2010 - Erkenntnis 72 (3):379-386.
    The similarity approach stands as a significant attempt to defend scientific realism from the attack of the pessimistic meta-induction. The strategy behind the similarity approach is to shift from an absolute notion of truth to the more flexible one of truthlikeness. Nonetheless, some authors are not satisfied with this attempt to defend realism and find that the notion of truthlikeness is not fully convincing. The aim of this paper is to analyze and understand the reasons of this dissatisfaction. (...)
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  11. The Poverty of the Popperian Program for Truthlikeness.Graham Oddie - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (2):163-178.
    The importance for realism of the concept of truthlikeness was first stressed by Popper. Popper himself not only mapped out a program for defining truthlikeness (in terms of falsity content and truth content) but produced the first definitions within this program. These were shown to be inadequate. But the program lingered on, and the most recent attempt to revive it is that of Newton-Smith. His attempt is a failure, not because of some minor defect or technical flaw in (...)
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  12. Abduction and Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):255-275.
    This paper studies the interplay between two notions which are important for the project of defending scientific realism: abduction and truthlikeness. The main focus is the generalization of abduction to cases where the conclusion states that the best theory is truthlike or approximately true. After reconstructing the recent proposals of Theo Kuipers within the framework of monadic predicate logic, I apply my own notion of truthlikeness. It turns out that a theory with higher truthlikeness does not always (...)
     
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  13.  78
    Truthlikeness, Translation, and Approximate Causal Explanation.Eric Barnes - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (2):215-226.
    D. Miller's demonstrations of the language dependence of truthlikeness raise a profound problem for the claim that scientific progress is objective. In two recent papers (Barnes 1990, 1991) I argue that the objectivity of progress may be grounded on the claim that the aim of science is not merely truth but knowledge; progress thus construed is objective in an epistemic sense. In this paper I construct a new solution to Miller's problem grounded on the notion of "approximate causal explanation" (...)
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  14.  40
    Truth May Not Explain Predictive Success, but Truthlikeness Does.Gustavo Cevolani & Luca Tambolo - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (4):590-593.
    In a recent paper entitled “Truth does not explain predictive success” , Carsten Held argues that the so-called “No-Miracles Argument” for scientific realism is easily refuted when the consequences of the underdetermination of theories by the evidence are taken into account. We contend that the No-Miracles Argument, when it is deployed within the context of sophisticated versions of realism, based on the notion of truthlikeness , survives Held’s criticism unscathed.
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  15. Bayesian H-D Confirmation and Structuralistic Truthlikeness: Discussion and Comparison with the Relevant-Element and the Content-Part Approach.Gerhard Schurz - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):141-159.
    In this paper it is shown that, in spite of their intuitive starting points, Kuipers' accounts lead to counterintuitive consequences. The counterintuitive results of Kuipers' account of H-D confirmation stem from the fact that Kuipers explicates a concept of partial (as opposed to full) confirmation. It is shown that Schurz-Weingartner's relevant-element approach as well as Gemes' content-part approach provide an account of full confirmation that does not lead to these counterintuitive results. One of the unwelcome results of Kuipers' account of (...)
     
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  16.  9
    Belief Merging with the Aim of Truthlikeness.Simon D’Alfonso - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7):2013-2034.
    The merging/fusion of belief/data collections in propositional logic form is a topic that has received due attention within the domains of database and AI research. A distinction can be made between two types of scenarios to which the process of merging can be applied. In the first type, the collections represent preferences, such as the voting choices of a group of people, that need to be aggregated so as to give a consistent result that in some way best represents the (...)
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  17.  53
    Truthlikeness for Hypotheses Expressed in Terms of N Quantitative Variables.I. A. Kieseppä - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (2):109 - 134.
    A qualitative theory of truthlikeness, based on a family of quantitative measures, is developed for hypotheses that are concerned with the values of a finite number of real-valued quantities. Representing hypotheses by subsets of $R^{n}$ , I first show that a straightforward application of the basic ideas of the similarity approach to truthlikeness does not work out for hypotheses with zero n-dimensional Lebesgue measure. However, it is easy to give a counterpart for the average measure preferred by Pavel (...)
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  18.  21
    Truthlikeness for Quantitative Statements.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:208 - 216.
    The most elaborate recent accounts of truthlikeness (verisimilitude) apply this notion primarily to generalizations in first-order languages with qualitative predicates. This paper outlines a new approach to the definition of truthlikeness for quantitative statements, including singular statements (point estimation), interval statements (interval estimation), and quantitative laws. In the case of laws, the basic issue is reduced to the topological problem of measuring the distance between two real-valued functions. The solution of this problem makes it possible to define also (...)
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  19.  1
    Truth May Not Explain Predictive Success, but Truthlikeness Does.Gustavo Cevolani & Luca Tambolo - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (4):590-593.
    In a recent paper entitled “Truth does not explain predictive success”, Carsten Held argues that the so-called “No-Miracles Argument” for scientific realism is easily refuted when the consequences of the underdetermination of theories by the evidence are taken into account. We contend that the No-Miracles Argument, when it is deployed within the context of sophisticated versions of realism, based on the notion of truthlikeness, survives Held’s criticism unscathed.
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  20. Beyond Truthlikeness: Toward a Linguistically Invariant Theory of Scientific Progress.Eric Christian Barnes - 1990 - Dissertation, Indiana University
    In the 1970's a problem arose for the viability of Popper's truthlikeness project. The problem, in short, was that all plausible measures of the truthlikeness of scientific theories were language dependent. This dissertation is primarily concerned to provide a substitute notion that can do the work 'verisimilitude' was intended to do without suffering from linguistic relativity. It is argued that the notion of 'knowledge', or 'knowledgelikeness', can suffice in this regard. ;Chapter One seeks to convince the reader that (...)
     
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  21.  13
    Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):297-300.
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  22.  19
    What is Closer-to-the-Truth?: A Parade of Approaches to Truthlikeness.Theo A. F. Kuipers (ed.) - 1987 - Rodopi.
    INTRODUCTION When Karl Popper published in' his definition of closer-to-the- truth this was an important intellectual event, but not a shocking one. ...
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  23. Truthlikeness for Theories on Countable Languages.Thomas Mormann - 2006 - In Ian Jarvie, Karl Milford & David Miller (eds.), Karl Popper: A Centenary Assessment vol. 3.
  24. Truthlikeness: The Third Phase'.I. Niiniluoto - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49:1-31.
     
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  25.  65
    Truthlikeness: Comments on Recent Discussion.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1978 - Synthese 38 (2):281 - 329.
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  26.  52
    Truthlikeness Without Truth: A Methodological Approach.Bonilla Jesús P. Zamora - 1992 - Synthese 93 (3):343-372.
    In this paper, an attempt is made to solve various problems posed to current theories of verisimilitude: the problem of linguistic variance; the problem of which are the best scientific methods for getting the most verisimilar theories; and the question of the ontological commitment in scientific theories. As a result of my solution to these problems, and with the help of other considerations of epistemological character, I conclude that the notion of 'Tarskian truth' is dispensable in a rational interpretation of (...)
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  27.  26
    Theory Change, Truthlikeness, and Belief Revision.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2010 - In M. Dorato M. Suàrez (ed.), Epsa Epistemology and Methodology of Science. Springer. pp. 189--199.
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  28. Truthlikeness for Multidimensional, Quantitative Cognitive Problems.I. A. Kieseppä - 1996
     
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  29.  43
    10 Truthlikeness and Economic Theories.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2002 - In Uskali Mäki (ed.), Fact and Fiction in Economics: Models, Realism and Social Construction. Cambridge University Press. pp. 214.
  30. Degrees of Truthlikeness: From Singular Sentences to Generalisations.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1979 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (4):371-376.
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  31.  51
    The Truth-Likeness of Truthlikeness.David Miller - 1972 - Analysis 33 (2):50 - 55.
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  32.  73
    Truthlikeness and Translation: A Comment on Oddie.David Pearce - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (4):380-385.
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  33. Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto & David Pearce - 1990 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (2):281-290.
     
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  34.  51
    Measuring Truthlikeness.R. D. Rosenkrantz - 1980 - Synthese 45 (3):463 - 487.
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  35.  38
    Idealization, Counterfactuals, and Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2007 - In Jerzy Brzeziński, Andrzej Klawiter, Theo A. F. Kuipers, Krzysztof Łastowski, Katarzyna Paprzycka & Piotr Przybysz (eds.), The Courage of Doing Philosophy: Essays Dedicated to Leszek Nowak. Rodopi. pp. 103--122.
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  36. Truthlikeness Misapplied: A Reply to Ernest W. Adams.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1994 - Synthese 101 (2):291 - 300.
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  37.  62
    Truthlikeness and Bayesian Estimation.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1986 - Synthese 67 (2):321 - 346.
  38.  78
    Truthlikeness with a Human Face: On Some Connections Between the Theory of Verisimilitude and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):361-369.
    Verisimilitude theorists (and many scientific realists) assume that science attempts to provide hypotheses with an increasing degree of closeness to the full truth; on the other hand, radical sociologists of science assert that flesh and bone scientists struggle to attain much more mundane goals (such as income, power, fame, and so on). This paper argues that both points of view can be made compatible, for (1) rational individuals only would be interested in engaging in a strong competition (such as that (...)
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  39.  66
    Comparative Versus Quantitative Truthlikeness Definitions: Reply to Thomas Mormann. [REVIEW]Theo A. F. Kuipers - 1997 - Erkenntnis 47 (2):187-192.
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  40.  57
    Truthlikeness: Comment on David Miller.Roger D. Rosenkrantz - 1975 - Synthese 30 (1-2):193 - 197.
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  41.  2
    Review: Ilkka Niiniluoto, Truthlikeness[REVIEW]David Pearce - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):297-300.
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  42.  5
    Theoretical Reference and Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1997 - In Julian Nida-Rümelin & Georg Meggle (eds.), Analyomen 2, Volume I: Logic, Epistemology, Philosophy of Science. De Gruyter. pp. 439-452.
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  43.  15
    Confirmation and Truthlikeness: Reply to Gerhard Schurz.Theo A. F. Kuipers - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):160-166.
  44. Truthlikeness and Value.Graham Oddie - 2008 - In Pihlstrom S. (ed.), Approaching Truth: Essays in Honour of Ilkka Niiniluoto. College Publications. pp. 225-40.
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  45. Truthlikeness and the Convexity of Propositions.Graham Oddie - 1987 - In Kuipers T. (ed.), What is Closer-to-the-Truth. Rodopi. pp. 197-217.
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  46. Truthlikeness with a Human Face: On Some Connections Between the Theory of Verisimilitude and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.Jesús Zamora Bonilla - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83:361-369.
    Verisimilitude theorists assume that science attempts to provide hypotheses with an increasing degree of closeness to the full truth; on the other hand, radical sociologists of science assert that flesh and bone scientists struggle to attain much more mundane goals . This paper argues that both points of view can be made compatible, for rational individuals only would be interested in engaging in a strong competition if they knew in advance the rules under which their outcomes are to be assessed, (...)
     
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  47. What is Closer-to-the Truth? A Parade of Approaches to Truthlikeness.Theo A. Kuipers - 1988 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 50 (3):575-576.
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  48. Toward Truthlikeness in Historiography.Oliver Laas - 2017 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 8 (2).
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  49. Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1990 - Synthese 84 (1):139-152.
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  50. Truth and Truthlikeness.Graham Oddie - forthcoming - In Glanzberg M. (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Truth. Oxford University Press.
     
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