Results for 'universalism vs particularism'

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  1.  22
    Eurocentrism Beyond the ‘Universalism Vs. Particularism’ Dilemma: Habermas and Derrida’s Joint Plea for a New Europe.Marianna Papastephanou - 2011 - History of the Human Sciences 24 (5):142-166.
    Is it Eurocentric on the part of western philosophers (Habermas, Derrida) or of researchers in human sciences to set out from a specific locality (Europe) to formulate ethico-political ideals with universal aspirations? In this article, I critique the ‘universalism vs. particularism’ framework within which the charge of Eurocentrism is deployed and I redefine the notion of Eurocentrism outside the drastic choice between universalism and particularism and in light of an ‘ec-centric’ reflection on the entanglement of the (...)
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  2.  1
    Universalism Vs. Particularism in Medical Ethics.Tamayo Okamoto - 1998 - Dialogue and Universalism 8 (11):53-60.
    In the context of medical ethics, how can the concept of informed consent be effectively implemented in a traditional society such as Japan? If the need for more openness and transparency is not felt in the practice of medicine and welfare, the clients must remain under the spell of paternalistic data. Patients and health-care professionals other than doctors are taken to be "responsible for what they do but not to be accountable for their conduct" because they do not participate in (...)
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  3. Universalism Vs. Communitarianism: Contemporary Debates in Ethics.David M. Rasmussen (ed.) - 1990 - MIT Press.
    Universalism vs. Communitarianism focuses on the question, raised by recent work in normative philosophy, of whether ethical norms are best derived and justified on the basis of universal or communitarian standards. It is unique in representing both Continental and American points of view and both the older and a younger generation of scholars. The essays introduce the key issues involved in universalism vs. communitarianism and take up ethics in historical perspective, practical reason and ethical responsibility, justification, application and (...)
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  4.  12
    Universalism and Particularism Debate in" Asian Bioethics".Soraj Hongladarom - 2008 - Asian Bioethics Review:1-14.
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  5.  5
    Universalism Vs. Relativism: Making Moral Judgments in a Changing, Pluralistic, and Threatening World.Don S. Browning (ed.) - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Has moral relativism run its course? The threat of 9/11, terrorism, reproductive technology, and globalization has forced us to ask anew whether there are universal moral truths upon which to base ethical and political judgments. In this timely edited collection, distinguished scholars present and test the best answers to this question. These insightful responses temper the strong antithesis between universalism and relativism and retain sensitivity to how language and history shape the context of our moral decisions. This important and (...)
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  6.  28
    Ethical Universalism and Particularism.Alan Gewirth - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (6):283.
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  7. Ethical Universalism and Particularism.Alan Gewirth - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (6):283-302.
  8. Universalism Vs. Relativism: Making Moral Judgments in a Changing, Pluralistic, and Threatening World.Richard J. Bernstein, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Amitai Etzioni, William Galston, Franklin I. Gamwell, Timothy Jackson, James Turner Johnson, John Kelsay & Jean Porter (eds.) - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Has moral relativism run its course? The threat of 9/11, terrorism, reproductive technology, and globalization has forced us to ask anew whether there are universal moral truths upon which to base ethical and political judgments. In this timely edited collection, distinguished scholars present and test the best answers to this question. These insightful responses temper the strong antithesis between universalism and relativism and retain sensitivity to how language and history shape the context of our moral decisions. This important and (...)
     
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  9. Legal Reasons: Between Universalism and Particularism.María Redondo - 2005 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (1):47-68.
    The first part of this work analyses the universalist and the particularist conceptions of reasons. The second part projects this analysis to the legal domain. The author stresses that universalism and particularism regarding reasons are mutually exclusive theories linked to incompatible conceptions of norms, i.e. norms as strict universal conditionals and norms as defeasible conditionals. In giving an account of this tenet, different meanings of universality and defeasibility are explored. A parallel debate regarding reasons can be found in (...)
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  10. Holism Vs. Particularism: A Lesson From Classical and Quantum Physics. [REVIEW]Chuang Liu - 1996 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 27 (2):267-279.
    The present essay aims at broadening the recent discussion on the issue of holism vs. particularism in quantum physics. I begin with a clarification of the relation between the holism/particularism debate and the discussion of supervenience relation. I then defend particularism in physics (including quantum physics) by considering a new classification of properties of physical systems. With such a classification, the results in the Bell theorem are shown to violate spatial separability but not physical particularism.
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  11.  12
    Cosmopolitanism, Universalism and Particularism in an Age of Nationalism and Multiculturalism.Kai Nielsen - 1999 - Philosophic Exchange 29 (1).
    The objectivity of morality is achieved by the coherentist method of appealing to considered convictions in wide reflective equilibrium. This method yields a conception of morality that is at once universalistic and particularistic. It follows that morality must be cosmopolitan, but also accept a liberal nationalism, at least under certain circumstances. This paper concludes by applying these ideas to the issues of Quebec nationalism and the status of African-Americans in the United States.
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  12.  38
    Universalism and Particularism in History.Nathan Rotenstreich - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 37 (1):21 - 36.
    HISTORY is a sphere or a phenomenon ever present, though we may question whether historical awareness always accompanies the succession of human generations. The ever-presence of history can be taken as a universal human phenomenon, yet there is a question whether there is a correlation between the spheric universality of history and a thematic universality of features, trends, directions of process, etc. This will be the concern of our exploration. We may distinguish here between universality and universalism; the former (...)
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  13. Universalism and Particularism in South Africa.Percy More - forthcoming - Dialogue and Universalism.
     
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  14.  10
    Confucian Ethics: Universalistic or Particularistic?Wai-Ying Wong - 1998 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 25 (3):361-374.
  15.  63
    The Lived Revolution: Solidarity With the Body in Pain as the New Political Universal (Second Edition).Katerina Kolozova - 2016 - Skopje: Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities.
    The book explores the themes of a) “radical concepts” in politics (inspired by François Laruelle’s “non-Marxism” and “non-philosophy,” developed in accordance with Badiouan and Žižekian “realism”); b) politically relevant and applicable epistemologies of “Thought’s Correlating with the Real” (Laruelle), inspired by Laruelle, Badiou and Žižek and c) the possibility of hybridization of the epistemic stance of “radical concept” with the politics of grief and “identification with the suffering itself” proposed by Judith Butler. Radical concepts, the political vision and the theory (...)
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  16.  12
    Universalism Vs. “All Under Heaven” (Tianxia / 天下) – Kant in China.Hans Feger - 2020 - Yearbook for Eastern and Western Philosophy 2019 (4):193-207.
    The discourse on freedom that Kant unfolds in his writings on the history of philosophy, especially in his essay Idea for a Universal History with Cosmopolitan Intent, is a constitutive component of the moral perspective whose key concept is the notion of freedom. This is why critical philosophy, as Kant says, has its own “chiliastic expectation”, and the critical philosopher is a prophet who himself “occasions und produces the events he predicts”. Questions concerning the proper use of freedom – how (...)
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  17.  17
    Europe Beyond Universalism and Particularism.Agnes Czajka - 2016 - Contemporary Political Theory 15 (1):e29-e31.
  18. Ethical Universalism and Particularism: A Comparison of Outlooks.William M. Sullivan - 2007 - In William M. Sullivan & Will Kymlicka (eds.), The Globalization of Ethics: Religious and Secular Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  19. David Rasmussen, Ed., "Universalism Vs. Communitarianism". [REVIEW]Felix Ó Murchadha - 1994 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 2 (2):363.
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  20.  37
    Universalism, Particularism and the Ethics of Dignity.D. Pullman - 2001 - Christian Bioethics 7 (3):333-358.
    This paper explores the problem of universalism and particularism in contemporary ethics, and its relationship to Christian bioethics in particular. An ethic of human dignity is outlined, which, it is argued, constrains moral discourse in the broad sense – thus meeting the demands of universalism – but which is at the same time amenable to a variety of particularist interpretations – thus acknowledging the current shift toward historicism, traditionalism, and culture. The particularist interpretations that are of central (...)
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  21.  26
    Identity, Legitimacy, and Chaste Widows.Rui Zhu - 2016 - Asian Philosophy 26 (2):182-192.
    ABSTRACTI will sketch an evolutionary map of the four versions of Chineseness and explore the corresponding changes in the ideologies of the Chinese culture. A focal point is to diagram the shifting currents of moral realism vs. nihilism, cultural universalism vs. particularism and to explain how political legitimacy becomes entangled with personal identity and, as an example, how chaste widows can constitute a potent political rhetoric.
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  22. GEOGRAPHY, ASSIMILATION, AND DIALOGUE: Universalism and Particularism in Central-European Thought.H. G. Callaway - manuscript
    There are many advantages and disadvantages to central locations. These have shown themselves in the long course of European history. In times of peace, there are important economic and cultural advantages (to illustrate: the present area of the Czech Republic was the richest country in Europe between the two World Wars). There are cross-currents of trade and culture in central Europe of great advantage. For, cultural cross-currents represent a potential benefit in comprehension and cultural growth. But under threat of large-scale (...)
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  23. Romanticised Enlightenment? Enlightened Romanticism? Universalism And Particularism In Hegel's Understanding Of The Enlightenment.T. Pinkard - 1997 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 35:18-38.
     
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  24.  25
    Romanticized Enlightenment? Enlightened Romanticism? Universalism and Particularism in Hegel's Understanding of the Enlightenment.Terry Pinkard - 1997 - Hegel Bulletin 18 (1):18-38.
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  25.  7
    Multicultural Health Care: Reconciling Universalism and Particularism.Jeff Fuller - 1997 - Nursing Inquiry 4 (3):153-159.
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  26.  9
    Universalism & Particularism Fighting to a Draw.Daniel Callahan - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (1):37-44.
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  27.  56
    Religious Pluralism and Interfaith Dialogue: Beyond Universalism and Particularism[REVIEW]Yong Huang - 1995 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 37 (3):127 - 144.
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  28. Il relativismo etico fra antropologia culturale e filosofia analitica.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2007 - In I. Tolomio (ed.), Rileggere l'etica tra contingenza e principi. Padova, Italy: CLUEP. pp. 15-46.
    I intend to: a) clarify the origins and de facto meanings of the term relativism; b) reconstruct the reasons for the birth of the thesis named “cultural relativism”; d) reconstruct ethical implications of the above thesis; c) revisit the recent discussion between universalists and particularists in the light of the idea of cultural relativism.. -/- 1.Prescriptive Moral Relativism: “everybody is justified in acting in the way imposed by criteria accepted by the group he belongs to”. Universalism: there are at (...)
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  29. Between Particularism and Universalism: The Promise of Epistemic Contextualism in African Epistemology.Mikael Janvid - 2021 - In Olajumoke Yacob-Haliso Adeshina Afolayan (ed.), Pathways to Alternative Epistemologies in Africa. pp. 19-33.
    This chapter proposes a version of epistemic contextualism, called inferentialist contextualism, as a promising research program within African epistemology. My suggestion should be seen against the background of the earlier debate between the seemingly incompatible positions of universalism and particularism. Whilst universalism has been charged with not allowing for diversity, of forcing African culture into the Procrustean bed of Western thought, particularism seems to block cross-cultural dialogue. A compromise is therefore called for. I argue that inferentialist (...)
     
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  30.  35
    Universalism, Particularism, and Subjectivity—Dietrich von Hildebrand’s Concept of Eigenleben and Modern Moral Philosophy.Mathew Lu - 2013 - Quaestiones Disputatae 3 (2):181-190.
    Modern philosophers tends to regard morality as intrinsically universalist, embracing universal norms that apply formally to each moral agent qua moral agent, independent of particularities such as familial relationships or membership in a specific community. At the same time, however, most of us think (and certainly act as if) those particularist properties play a significant and legitimate role in our moral lives. Accordingly, determining the proper relationship of these two spheres of the moral life is of great importance, but a (...)
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  31.  11
    Grounds for Respect: Particularism, Universalism, and Communal Accountability.Kristi Giselsson - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    Grounds for Respect broaches a question that is of vital importance to all; namely, what grounds do we need in order to justify respect for others? In exploring this question the author provides not only a critical overview of traditional and contemporary approaches to — and critiques of — the concept of a common humanity, but also offers a distinctively new approach as to what it might mean to be human.
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  32.  11
    Rethinking Jewish Philosophy: Beyond Particularism and Universalism.Aaron W. Hughes - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    Rather than assume that the terms "philosophy" and "Judaism" simply belong together, Aaron W. Hughes explores the juxtaposition and the creative tension that ensues from their cohabitation. He examines the historical, cultural, intellectual, and religious filiations between Judaism and philosophy.
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  33.  30
    Particularist Universalism: A Response to Abdullahi Ahmed an-Na'im.A. Seligman - 2005 - Common Knowledge 11 (1):81-88.
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  34.  57
    A Defense of Universalism: With a Critique of Particularism in Chinese Culture.Zhao Dunhua & Yang Xiaohua - 2009 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):116 - 129.
    Universalism can be defined as the belief in the universal application of certain knowledge, world-views and value-views. Universalism has often been confused with Occident-centrism, due to the fact that the latter was used to justify the former, which confused the content of a thought with the social condition that gave rise to the thought. For many years, clarifications of this confusion have been made in sociology of knowledge, relativism and skepticism. Yet, the particularistic conclusion thus reached has led (...)
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  35.  7
    Universalism, Particularism, And Moral Change: Reflections On The Value-Normative Concepts Of The Social Sciences.Stephen Turner - 2011 - In Nikolai Genov (ed.), Global Trends and Regional Development. New York, USA: Routledge.
    It is worth beginning any discussion of the trends of universalization and particularization of value-normative systems with some refl ections on theory. Theories about values, norms, and morality are themselves closely related to the moralities they explain and to the moral outlook of those doing the explaining. A choice of a value is an act of faith, which echoes the Lutheran salvation doctrine of “justifi cation by faith alone.” The distance between these concepts and the “moral” ideas of Oceania, such (...)
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  36.  60
    A Defense of Universalism: With a Critique of Particularism in Chinese Culture. [REVIEW]Dunhua Zhao - 2009 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):116-129.
    Universalism can be defined as the belief in the universal application of certain knowledge, world-views and value-views. Universalism has often been confused with Occident-centrism, due to the fact that the latter was used to justify the former, which confused the content of a thought with the social condition that gave rise to the thought. For many years, clarifications of this confusion have been made in sociology of knowledge, relativism and skepticism. Yet, the particularistic conclusion thus reached has led (...)
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  37.  6
    The Comparability of the Universalism Value Over Time and Across Countries in the European Social Survey: Exact Vs. Approximate Measurement Invariance.Florian Zercher, Peter Schmidt, Jan Cieciuch & Eldad Davidov - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  38. Between Ethnic Particularism and International Universalism: Experience of the Ukrainian Diaspora in ХХ Century.Georgii Fylypovych - 2019 - Ukrainian Religious Studies 89:62-77.
    . The article is based on the analysis of the works of the famous Ukrainian thinker from Canada, Yuriy Mulyk-Lutsyk, who in the mid-twentieth century. deeply considered the state of the Ukrainian diaspora, its search for a strategy of its development abroad within the limits of ethnic particularism and international universalism. His thoughts have not lost their relevance today, as new waves of migration pose the same questions to Ukrainians: whether to remain or dissolve as a national community (...)
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  39. Universalistic Hedonism Vs. Hedonic Individual Relativism.Gardner Williams - 1955 - Journal of Philosophy 52 (3):72-77.
  40.  10
    Grounds for Respect: Particularism, Universalism and Communal Accountability. [REVIEW]L. D'Olimpio - 2014 - Achieving Ethical Excellence (Research in Ethical Issues in Organizations) 12:167-176.
  41.  6
    The Paradox of Individual Particularism and Institutional Universalism.Jonathan R. Cole - 1989 - Social Science Information 28 (1):51-76.
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  42.  59
    Communism, Universalism and Disinterestedness: Re-Examining Contemporary Support Among Academics for Merton’s Scientific Norms. [REVIEW]Bruce Macfarlane & Ming Cheng - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (1):67-78.
    This paper re-examines the relevance of three academic norms to contemporary academic life – communism, universalism and disinterestedness – based on the work of Robert Merton. The results of a web-based survey elicited responses to a series of value statements and were analysed using the weighted average method and through cross-tabulation. Results indicate strong support for communism as an academic norm defined in relation to sharing research results and teaching materials as opposed to protecting intellectual copyright and withholding access. (...)
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  43. Universality — Particularity Vs. Unity — Plurality, or the Limits of a Living Reason and Authentic Universalism.Zdzisław Cackowski - 1995 - Dialogue and Universalism 5 (8):31-44.
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  44. Circumcisions. Jacques Derrida and the Tensions Between Particularism and Universalism.Luca Di Blasi - 2013 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 42 (1-3):9-31.
     
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  45. The Ethics of the Neighbor: Universalism, Particularism, Exceptionalism.Kenneth Reinhard - 2005 - Journal of Textual Reasoning 4 (1).
     
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  46.  23
    Paradoxical Relationships Between Cultural Norms of Particularism and Attitudes Toward Relational Favoritism: A Cultural Reflectivity Perspective.Chao C. Chen, Joseph P. Gaspar, Ray Friedman, William Newburry, Michael C. Nippa, Katherine Xin & Ronaldo Parente - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (1):63-79.
    We examined how the cultural dimension of universalismparticularism influences managers’ attitudes toward relational favoritism. Paradoxically, we found in a survey study that Brazilian and Chinese managers perceived more negative consequences of relational favoritism than did American managers—even though the Brazilians and the Chinese perceived stronger particularistic cultural norms in their countries than Americans did in the United States. We attribute this pattern of results to “cultural reflexivity”—the ability of people from transforming economies to be culturally self-critical during a (...)
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  47.  4
    Particularism in Science.David L. Hull - 1990 - Criticism 32 (3):343-359.
  48.  29
    The Editor’s Afterword: The Universalism Imperative Vs. Horror Metaphysicus and Horror Politicus.Janusz Kuczyński & Maciej Bańkowski - 2004 - Dialogue and Universalism 14 (3/4):51-81.
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  49.  13
    Liberalism, Cultural Particularism, and the Rule of Law in Modern East Asia: The Anti-Confucian Essentialisms of Chen Duxiu and Fukuzawa Yukichi Compared.Kiri Paramore - 2020 - Modern Intellectual History 17 (2):527-542.
    How and why are universalist modes of political thought transformed into culturally essentialist and exclusionary practices of governance and law? This article considers this question by analyzing the interaction between Confucianism and liberalism in East Asia. It argues that liberalism, particularly as it was used in attacking Confucianism, was instrumental in embedding ideas of cultural particularism and cultural essentialism in the emergence of modern political thought and law in both China and Japan. Both Confucianism and liberalism are self-imagined as (...)
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  50.  20
    Towards a Renewed Universalism in Law.Bénédicte Fauvarque-Cosson - 2008 - Diogenes 55 (3):55-66.
    Despite the phenomena of internationalization and Europeanization, legal process remains essentially national in character. However, certain domains of law are already unified. Focusing mainly on the French tradition and its contribution to the construction of a European legal space, this paper: a) criticizes the traditional methods used to manage diversity in law – unifying the law and co-ordinating those legal codes likely to be conflictual; b) studies the debate between universalism and particularism in private international law, a discipline (...)
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