Results for 'unreliable narator'

347 found
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  1.  39
    Sympathetic Spectators: Roman Polanski's Le Locataire (The Tenant, 1976).Aaron Smuts - 2002 - Kinoeye 2 (3).
    Le Locataire ("The Tenant"), one of Polanski's lesser-known films, uses both an unreliable narrator and manipulates an unreliable audience to achieve its horror effect.
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  2.  71
    Extracting Fictional Truth From Unreliable Sources.Emar Maier & Merel Semeijn - manuscript
    A fictional text is commonly viewed as constituting an invitation to play a certain game of make-believe, with the individual sentences written by the author providing the propositions we are to imagine and/or accept as true within the fiction. However, we can’t always take the text at face value. What narratologists call ‘unreliable narrators’ may present a confused or misleading picture of the fictional world. Meanwhile there has been a debate in philosophy about so-called ‘imaginative resistance’ in which we (...)
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  3.  18
    Craig Interpolation in the Presence of Unreliable Connectives.João Rasga, Cristina Sernadas & Amlcar Sernadas - 2014 - Logica Universalis 8 (3-4):423-446.
    Arrow and turnstile interpolations are investigated in UCL [introduced by Sernadas et al. ], a logic that is a complete extension of classical propositional logic for reasoning about connectives that only behave as expected with a given probability. Arrow interpolation is shown to hold in general and turnstile interpolation is established under some provisos.
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  4. Do Framing Effects Make Moral Intuitions Unreliable?Joanna Demaree-Cotton - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (1):1-22.
    I address Sinnott-Armstrong's argument that evidence of framing effects in moral psychology shows that moral intuitions are unreliable and therefore not noninferentially justified. I begin by discussing what it is to be epistemically unreliable and clarify how framing effects render moral intuitions unreliable. This analysis calls for a modification of Sinnott-Armstrong's argument if it is to remain valid. In particular, he must claim that framing is sufficiently likely to determine the content of moral intuitions. I then re-examine (...)
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  5.  86
    Unreliable Knowledge.John Turri - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (3):529-545.
    There is a virtual consensus in contemporary epistemology that knowledge must be reliably produced. Everyone, it seems, is a reliabilist about knowledge in that sense. I present and defend two arguments that unreliable knowledge is possible. My first argument proceeds from an observation about the nature of achievements, namely, that achievements can proceed from unreliable abilities. My second argument proceeds from an observation about the epistemic efficacy of explanatory inference, namely, that inference to the best explanation seems to (...)
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  6.  13
    Correction To: Confabulating as Unreliable Imagining: In Defence of the Simulationist Account of Unsuccessful Remembering.Kourken Michaelian - forthcoming - Topoi:1-1.
    The article “Confabulating as Unreliable Imagining: In Defence of the Simulationist Account of Unsuccessful Remembering”, written by “Kourken Michaelian”, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal https://link.springer.com/article/ https://doi.org/10.1007/s11245-018-9591-z on 15 October 2018 without open access.
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  7.  50
    The Philosopher's Doom: Unreliable at Truth or Unreliable at Logic.Bryan Frances - forthcoming - In Ted Poston & Kevin McCain (eds.), tba. Brill.
    By considering the epistemology and relations among certain philosophical problems, I argue for a disjunctive thesis: either (1) it is highly probable that there are (i) several (ii) mutually independent philosophical reductios of highly commonsensical propositions that are successful—so several aspects of philosophy have succeeded at refuting common sense—or (2) there is enough hidden semantic structure in even simple sentences of natural language to make philosophers highly unreliable at spotting deductive validity in some of the simplest cases—so we are (...)
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  8. Could Introspection Be Unreliable - Even in Principle?Steven M. Duncan - manuscript
    I argue that, despite claims that might be made to the contrary, no scientific evidence could ever prove that introspection is unreliable, even in principle. This paper was read at the annual POH symposium in Lake Wenatchee in May, 2011.
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  9.  18
    Bad Measures Don’T Make Good Medicine: The Ethical Implications of Unreliable and Invalid Physician Performance Measures. [REVIEW]Chalmer E. Labig - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (2):287 - 295.
    Drawing on the performance appraisal and medical literatures, we examine representative ethical issues involved in current appraisal practices of individual physicians: the use of invalid and unreliable measures; organizational goals conflicting with patient health goals; using individual measures for what are group performance results; making individual attributions for what are systemic causes (and results); and using clinical feedback for organizational purposes. Suggestions for developing more ethical performance appraisals include reflecting upon the multiple purposes and means of appraisals, and the (...)
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  10.  6
    Bad Measures Don’T Make Good Medicine: The Ethical Implications of Unreliable and Invalid Physician Performance Measures.Chalmer E. Labig - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (2):287-295.
    Drawing on the performance appraisal and medical literatures, we examine representative ethical issues involved in current appraisal practices of individual physicians: the use of invalid and unreliable measures; organizational goals conflicting with patient health goals; using individual measures for what are group performance results; making individual attributions for what are systemic causes ; and using clinical feedback for organizational purposes. Suggestions for developing more ethical performance appraisals include reflecting upon the multiple purposes and means of appraisals, and the limitations (...)
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  11. Unreliable Probabilities, Risk Taking, and Decision Making.Peter Gärdenfors & Nils-Eric Sahlin - 1982 - Synthese 53 (3):361-386.
  12.  40
    Unreliable Testimony.Elizabeth Fricker - 2016 - In Brian McLaughlin & Hilary Kornblith (eds.), Goldman and his Critics. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 88-120.
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  13. Bayesian Networks and the Problem of Unreliable Instruments.Luc Bovens & Stephan Hartmann - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 69 (1):29-72.
    We appeal to the theory of Bayesian Networks to model different strategies for obtaining confirmation for a hypothesis from experimental test results provided by less than fully reliable instruments. In particular, we consider (i) repeated measurements of a single test consequence of the hypothesis, (ii) measurements of multiple test consequences of the hypothesis, (iii) theoretical support for the reliability of the instrument, and (iv) calibration procedures. We evaluate these strategies on their relative merits under idealized conditions and show some surprising (...)
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  14. Defusing the Demandingness Objection: Unreliable Intuitions.Matthew Braddock - 2013 - Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (2):169-191.
    Dogged resistance to demanding moral views frequently takes the form of The Demandingness Objection. Premise (1): Moral view V demands too much of us. Premise (2): If a moral view demands too much of us, then it is mistaken. Conclusion: Therefore, moral view V is mistaken. Objections of this form harass major theories in normative ethics as well as prominent moral views in applied ethics and political philosophy. The present paper does the following: (i) it clarifies and distinguishes between various (...)
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  15.  53
    Mad Scientists or Unreliable Autobiographers? Dopamine Dysregulation and Delusion.Philip Gerrans - 2009 - In Matthew Broome & Lisa Bortolotti (eds.), Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience: Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press.
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  16.  43
    Confabulating as Unreliable Imagining: In Defence of the Simulationist Account of Unsuccessful Remembering.Kourken Michaelian - forthcoming - Topoi:1-16.
    This paper responds to Bernecker’s attack on Michaelian’s simulationist account of confabulation, as well as his defence of the causalist account of confabulation :432–447, 2016a) against Michaelian’s attack on it. The paper first argues that the simulationist account survives Bernecker’s attack, which takes the form of arguments from the possibility of unjustified memory and justified confabulation, unscathed. It then concedes that Bernecker’s defence of the causalist account against Michaelian’s attack, which takes the form of arguments from the possibility of veridical (...)
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  17.  4
    Unreliable Yet Still Replicable: A Comment on LeBel and Paunonen.Maarten De Schryver, Sean Hughes, Yves Rosseel & Jan De Houwer - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  18.  35
    On Building Reliable Pictures with Unreliable Data: An Evolutionary and Developmental Coda for the New Systems Biology.William C. Wimsatt - 2007 - In Fred C. Boogerd, Frank J. Bruggeman, Jan-Hendrik S. Hofmeyr & Hans V. Westerhoff (eds.), Systems Biology: Philosophical Foundations. Elsevier. pp. 103--20.
  19. Unreliable Intuitions: A New Reply to the Moral Twin-Earth Argument.Jorn Sonderholm - 2013 - Theoria 79 (1):76-88.
    This article is concerned with Mark Timmons and Terence Horgan's influential twin - earth argument against the semantic views of that school of thought in metaethics that has come to be known as “Cornell realism”. The semantic views of Cornell realism have been developed in greatest detail by Richard Boyd, and it is Boyd's view that is targeted by Timmons and Horgan. In the first part of the article, the twin - earth argument is introduced and two versions of it (...)
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  20.  50
    Understanding and Handling Unreliable Narratives: A Pragmatic Model and Method.Theresa Heyd - 2006 - Semiotica 2006 (162):217-243.
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  21.  40
    Decision Making with Unreliable Probabilities.Peter Gärdenfors & Nils-Eric Sahlin - unknown
    This paper presents a decision theory which allows subjects to account for the uncertainties of their probability estimates. This is accomplished by modelling beliefs about states of nature by means of a class of probability measures. In order to represent uncertainties of those beliefs a measure of epistemic reliability is introduced. The suggested decision theory is evaluated in the light of empirical evidence on ambiguity and uncertainty in decision making. The theory is also compared to Tversky & Kahneman's prospect theory.
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  22.  7
    True Friends Are Hard to Find: A Machine‐Assisted Investigation of False, True and Just Plain Unreliable ‘Friends’.Alan Partington - 1995 - Perspectives 3 (1):99-111.
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  23.  10
    Unreliable Love.Andre Grahle - 2016 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 10 (2):1-8.
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  24.  17
    Inferences Based on Unreliable Reports.Kurt J. Snapper & Dennis G. Fryback - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (3):401-404.
  25. Mementos of Contemporary American Cinema: Identifying and Responding to the Unreliable Narrator in the Movie Theater.Volker Ferenz - 2009 - In Warren Buckland (ed.), Film Theory and Contemporary Hollywood Movies. Routledge.
     
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  26.  17
    Picaros, Madmen, Naifs, and Clowns: The Unreliable First-Person Narrator.Rob Nixon & Riggan William - 1982 - Substance 11 (3):88.
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  27.  7
    Decision and Optimization Problems in the Unreliable-Circuit Logic.J. Rasga, C. Sernadas, P. Mateus & A. Sernadas - 2017 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 25 (3):283-308.
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  28.  19
    Reconsidering the Unreliable Narrator.Per Krogh Hansen - 2007 - Semiotica 2007 (165):227-246.
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  29.  13
    Unreliable Information on the Internet: A Challenging Dilemma for the Law.Maurice Schellekens & Corien Prins - 2006 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 4 (1):49-59.
  30.  7
    Controller Design for Network-Based Markovian Jump Systems with Unreliable Communication Links.Wei Shen & Xiaoyu Su - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S2):623-634.
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  31.  11
    Unreliable Peer Review: Causes and Cures of Human Misery.Andrew M. Colman - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):141-142.
  32.  10
    Baring as Unreliable Historian.Owen Dudley Edwards - 1988 - The Chesterton Review 14 (1):35-50.
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  33.  16
    The Case of the Unreliable Author.Francis Sparshott - 1986 - Philosophy and Literature 10 (2):145-167.
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  34. Book Review: Unreliable Sources: Review by Timothy W. Gleason. [REVIEW]Timothy W. Gleason - 1992 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (1):54 – 59.
     
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  35.  7
    End of the Line: Line Bisection, an Unreliable Measure of Approach and Avoidance Motivation.Nathan C. Leggett, Nicole A. Thomas & Michael E. R. Nicholls - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
  36.  5
    On the Reliability of Unreliable Information: Gossip as Cultural Memory.Dominic Mitchell, Joanna J. Bryson, Paul Rauwolf & Gordon P. D. Ingram - 2016 - Interaction Studies 17 (1):1-25.
  37.  8
    “Significant and Substantial” or Minor and Unreliable Genetic Influences on Measures of the Environment?David A. Hay - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):396-397.
  38.  7
    Enhancing National Solidarity Through the Deployment of Verbal Categories: How the Albanian Admirative Participates in the Construction of a Reliable Self and an Unreliable Other.Victor A. Friedman - 2012 - Pragmatics and Society 3 (2):189-225.
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  39.  3
    Unreliable Sources (Book).Timothy W. Gleason - 1992 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (1):54 – 59.
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  40. The Number of Appellate Cases May Be an Unreliable, Biased, And.Ms Jorgenson - 1991 - Ethics and Behavior 1:35-44.
  41. Unreliable Witnesses.Elisabeth Leedham-Green - 2010 - In The Reception of Continental Reformation in Britain. pp. 23.
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  42.  76
    On the Rationality of Decisions with Unreliable Probabilities.Birman Fernando - 2009 - Disputatio 3 (26):97-116.
    The standard Bayesian recipe for selecting the rational choice is presented. A familiar example in which the recipe fails to produce any definite result is introduced. It is argued that a generalization of Gärdenfors’ and Sahlin’s theory of unreliable probabilities — which itself does not guarantee a solution to the problem — offers the best available approach. But a number of challenges to this approach are also presented and discussed.
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  43. Feeling the Gaze: Narrative Empathy in A Time to Kill.Tanya Rodriguez - 2013 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 69 (3-4):701-716.
    Resumo Neste artigo, defender-se-á uma interpretação do filme A Time to Kill, como sendo uma narrativa cinematográfica falível, mesmo sem a presença de um narrador. Neste texto, assume-se, que uma narrativa falível resulta de um defeito estético e ético do filme. Deste modo, a estrutura estética do filme representa a intenção do realizador em contar a sua versão da história, influenciando assim o seu significado e efeito empático. Com o evoluir da narrativa cinematográfica, as regras de inferência tornam-se cada vez (...)
     
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  44. Modeling Partially Reliable Information Sources: A General Approach Based on Dempster-Shafer Theory.Stephan Hartmann & Rolf Haenni - 2006 - Information Fusion 7:361-379.
    Combining testimonial reports from independent and partially reliable information sources is an important epistemological problem of uncertain reasoning. Within the framework of Dempster–Shafer theory, we propose a general model of partially reliable sources, which includes several previously known results as special cases. The paper reproduces these results on the basis of a comprehensive model taxonomy. This gives a number of new insights and thereby contributes to a better understanding of this important application of reasoning with uncertain and incomplete information.
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  45. Philosophy's New Challenge: Experiments and Intentional Action.N. Ángel Pinillos, Nick Smith, G. Shyam Nair, Cecilea Mun & Peter Marchetto - 2011 - Mind and Language 26 (1):115-139.
    Experimental philosophers have gathered impressive evidence for the surprising conclusion that philosophers' intuitions are out of step with those of the folk. As a result, many argue that philosophers' intuitions are unreliable. Focusing on the Knobe Effect, a leading finding of experimental philosophy, we defend traditional philosophy against this conclusion. Our key premise relies on experiments we conducted which indicate that judgments of the folk elicited under higher quality cognitive or epistemic conditions are more likely to resemble those of (...)
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  46. What Good Are Counterexamples?Brian Weatherson - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 115 (1):1-31.
    Intuitively, Gettier cases are instances of justified true beliefs that are not cases of knowledge. Should we therefore conclude that knowledge is not justified true belief? Only if we have reason to trust intuition here. But intuitions are unreliable in a wide range of cases. And it can be argued that the Gettier intuitions have a greater resemblance to unreliable intuitions than to reliable intuitions. Whats distinctive about the faulty intuitions, I argue, is that respecting them would mean (...)
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  47. Is Understanding a Species of Knowledge?Stephen R. Grimm - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (3):515-535.
    Among philosophers of science there seems to be a general consensus that understanding represents a species of knowledge, but virtually every major epistemologist who has thought seriously about understanding has come to deny this claim. Against this prevailing tide in epistemology, I argue that understanding is, in fact, a species of knowledge: just like knowledge, for example, understanding is not transparent and can be Gettiered. I then consider how the psychological act of "grasping" that seems to be characteristic of understanding (...)
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  48. Craig on God and Morality.Thomas W. Smythe & Michael Rectenwald - 2011 - International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (3):331-338.
    In this paper we critically evaluate an argument put forward by William Lane Craig for the existence of God based on the assumption that if there were no God, there could be no objective morality. Contrary to Craig, we show that there are some necessary moral truths and objective moral reasoning that holds up whether there is a God or not. We go on to argue that religious faith, when taken alone and without reason or evidence, actually risks undermining morality (...)
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  49. Shared Intentions, Loose Groups and Pooled Knowledge.Olivier Roy & Anne Schwenkenbecher - 2019 - Synthese.
    We study shared intentions in what we call “loose groups”. These are groups that lack a codified organizational structure, and where the communication channels between group members are either unreliable or not completely open. We start by formulating two desiderata for shared intentions in such groups. We then argue that no existing account meets these two desiderata, because they assume either too strong or too weak an epistemic condition, that is, a condition on what the group members know and (...)
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  50.  24
    Moral Testimony as Higher Order Evidence.Marcus Lee, Jon Robson & Neil Sinclair - forthcoming - In Michael Klenk (ed.), Higher-Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology. Routledge.
    Are the circumstances in which moral testimony serves as evidence that our judgement-forming processes are unreliable the same circumstances in which mundane testimony serves as evidence that our mundane judgement-forming processes are unreliable? In answering this question, we distinguish two possible roles for testimony: (i) providing a legitimate basis for a judgement, (ii) providing (‘higher-order’) evidence that a judgement-forming process is unreliable. We explore the possibilities for a view according to which moral testimony does not, in contrast (...)
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