Results for 'value problem'

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  1.  96
    Process Reliabilism and the Value Problem.Christoph Jäger - 2011 - Theoria 77 (3):201-213.
    Alvin Goldman and Erik Olsson have recently proposed a novel solution to the value problem in epistemology, i.e., to the question of how to account for the apparent surplus value of knowledge over mere true belief. Their “conditional probability solution” maintains that even simple process reliabilism can account for the added value of knowledge, since forming true beliefs in a reliable way raises the objective probability that the subject will have more true belief of a similar (...)
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  2.  90
    Kinds of Learning and the Likelihood of Future True Beliefs: Reply to Jäger on Reliabilism and the Value Problem.Erik J. Olsson & Martin L. Jönsson - 2011 - Theoria 77 (3):214-222.
    We reply to Christoph Jäger's criticism of the conditional probability solution (CPS) to the value problem for reliabilism due to Goldman and Olsson (2009). We argue that while Jäger raises some legitimate concerns about the compatibility of CPS with externalist epistemology, his objections do not in the end reduce the plausibility of that solution.
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  3. Is There a Value Problem?Jason Baehr - 2009 - In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Epistemic Value. Oxford University Press. pp. 42--59.
    The value problem in epistemology is rooted in a commonsense intuition to the effect that knowledge is more valuable than true belief. Call this the “guiding intuition.” The guiding intuition generates a problem in light of two additional considerations. The first is that knowledge is (roughly) justified or warranted true belief.[1] The second is that on certain popular accounts of justification or warrant (e.g. reliabilism), its value is apparently instrumental to and hence derivative from the (...) of true belief.[2] But if knowledge is justified true belief and the value of justification is derivative from that of true belief, how is it that knowledge is more valuable than true belief? (shrink)
     
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  4.  63
    Epistemic Value Monism and the Swamping Problem.Scott Stapleford - 2016 - Ratio 29 (3):283-297.
    Many deontologists explain the epistemic value of justification in terms of its instrumental role in promoting truth – the original source of value in the epistemic domain. The swamping problem for truth monism appears to make this position indefensible, at least for those monists who maintain the superiority of knowledge to merely true belief. I propose a new solution to the swamping problem that allows monists to maintain the greater epistemic value of knowledge over merely (...)
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  5.  74
    The Value Problem of Knowledge.Anne Meylan - 2013 - Res Philosophica 90 (2):261-275.
    The value problem of knowledge is one of the prominent problems that philosophical accounts of knowledge are expected to solve. According to the creditsolution, a well-known solution to this problem, knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief because the former is creditable to a subject’s cognitive competence. But what is “credit value”? How does it connect to the already existing distinctions between values? The purpose of the present paper is to answer these questions. Its most (...)
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  6.  8
    The Value Problem of Knowledge. Against a Reliabilist Solution.Anne Meylan - 2007 - Proceedings of the Latin Meeting in Analytic Philosophy:85-92.
    A satisfying theory of knowledge has to explain why knowledge seems to be better than mere true belief. In this paper, I try to show that the best reliabilist explanation (ERA+) is still not able to solve this problem. According to an already elaborated answer (ERA), it is better to possess knowledge that p because this makes likely that one’s future belief of a similar kind will also be true. I begin with a metaphysical comment which gives birth to (...)
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  7.  14
    The Tertiary Value Problem and the Superiority of Knowledge.Simion Mona & Kelp Christoph - 2016 - American Philosophical Quarterly 53 (4):397-410.
    According to the achievement account of the value of knowledge, knowledge is finally valuable because it is a species of a finally valuable genus, achievement. The achievement account is said to solve Pritchard's tertiary value problem, the problem of showing that knowledge enjoys a different kind of value than mere true belief. This paper argues, first, that AA fails to solve TVP, and, second, that Pritchard's motivations for TVP are inadequate. They do, however, motivate a (...)
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  8. On Pritchard, Objectual Understanding and the Value Problem.J. Adam Carter & Emma C. Gordon - forthcoming - American Philosophical Quarterly.
    Duncan Pritchard (2008, 2009, 2010, forthcoming) has argued for an elegant solution to what have been called the value problems for knowledge at the forefront of recent literature on epistemic value. As Pritchard sees it, these problems dissolve once it is recognized that that it is understanding-why, not knowledge, that bears the distinctive epistemic value often (mistakenly) attributed to knowledge. A key element of Pritchard’s revisionist argument is the claim that understanding-why always involves what he calls strong (...)
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  9. The Value Problem.John Greco - 2009 - In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Epistemic Value. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 313--22.
     
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  10.  59
    The Epistemic Regress Problem, the Problem of the Criterion, and the Value of Reasons.Andrew D. Cling - 2014 - Metaphilosophy 45 (2):161-171.
    There are important similarities between the epistemic regress problem and the problem of the criterion. Each turns on plausible principles stating that epistemic reasons must be supported by epistemic reasons but that having reasons is impossible if that requires having endless regresses of reasons. These principles are incompatible with the possibility of reasons, so each problem is a paradox. Whether there can be an antiskeptical solution to these paradoxes depends upon the kinds of reasons that we need (...)
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  11.  7
    The Value Problem and Marxist Social Theory.John Somerville - 1968 - Journal of Value Inquiry 2 (1):52-57.
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  12.  65
    Appropriate Attitudes and the Value Problem.Michael S. Brady - 2006 - American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):91 - 99.
  13.  16
    Biosemiotics and the Problem of Intrinsic Value of Nature.Kalevi Kull - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):353-364.
    This article poses the hypothesis that the problem of the intrinsic value of nature that stems from the work of G. E. Moore and is widely discussed in environmental philosophy, bas a parallel in a contemporary discussion in semiotics on the existence of semiosis in nature. From a semiotic point of view. value can be defined as an intentional dimension of sign. This is concordant with a biological interpretation of value that relates to biological needs. Thus. (...)
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  14.  24
    Review: The Present Status of the Value Problem[REVIEW]Iredell Jenkins - 1950 - Review of Metaphysics 4 (1):85 - 110.
  15.  12
    The Central Ecological Value Problem.William C. Frederick - 1995 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:165-167.
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  16.  20
    Using the Fact/Value Problem to Teach Ethical Theories.Douglas Birsch - 1992 - Teaching Philosophy 15 (3):217-230.
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  17.  10
    The Philosophy of History and the Value Problem.Wolfgang Schlegel - 1969 - Philosophy and History 2 (2):174-174.
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  18.  1
    On the Elastic Boundary Value Problem of Dislocations in Bounded Crystals.J. Deng, A. El-Azab & B. C. Larson - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (30-32):3527-3548.
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  19. The Value Problem and the Nature of Knowledge.Tess Dewhurst - 2016 - South African Journal of Philosophy 35 (3):317-324.
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  20. The Present Status of the Value Problem.Iredell Jenkins - 1950 - Review of Metaphysics 4 (1):85-110.
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  21. The Value Problem in Environmental Ethics.Z. Palovicova - 1996 - Filozofia 51 (2):91-97.
     
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  22. Reliabilist Responses to the Value of Knowledge Problem.Christian Piller - 2009 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):121-135.
    After sketching my own solution to the Value of Knowledge Problem, which argues for a deontological understanding of justification and understands the value of knowing interesting propositions by the value we place on believing as we ought to believe, I discuss Alvin Goldman's and Erik Olsson's recent attempts to explain the value of knowledge within the framework of their reliabilist epistemology.
     
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  23. Virtue Ethics and the Problem of Indirection: A Pluralistic Value-Centred Approach.Christine Swanton - 1997 - Utilitas 9 (2):167.
    Many forms of virtue ethics, like certain forms of utilitarianism, suffer from the problem of indirection. In those forms, the criterion for status of a trait as a virtue is not the same as the criterion for the status of an act as right. Furthermore, if the virtues for example are meant to promote the nourishing of the agent, the virtuous agent is not standardly supposed to be motivated by concern for her own flourishing in her activity. In this (...)
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  24.  56
    The Problem of Obligation, the Finite Rational Will, and Kantian Value Realism.Anne Margaret Baxley - 2012 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 55 (6):567-583.
    Abstract Robert Stern's Understanding Moral Obligation is a remarkable achievement, representing an original reading of Kant's contribution to modern moral philosophy and the legacy he bequeathed to his later-eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century successors in the German tradition. On Stern's interpretation, it was not the threat to autonomy posed by value realism, but the threat to autonomy posed by the obligatory nature of morality that led Kant to develop his critical moral theory grounded in the concept of the self-legislating moral agent. (...)
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  25.  17
    Virtue Ethics and the Problem of Indirection: A Pluralistic Value-Centred Approach: Christine Swanton.Christine Swanton - 1997 - Utilitas 9 (2):167-181.
    Many forms of virtue ethics, like certain forms of utilitarianism, suffer from the problem of indirection. In those forms, the criterion for status of a trait as a virtue is not the same as the criterion for the status of an act as right. Furthermore, if the virtues for example are meant to promote the nourishing of the agent, the virtuous agent is not standardly supposed to be motivated by concern for her own flourishing in her activity. In this (...)
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  26.  11
    Marxist Philosophy and the Problem of Value.O. G. Drobnitskii - 1967 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 5 (4):14-24.
    In recent years, the question has been posed of the attitude of Marxist philosophy to what is termed the problem of value. The point is not only that bourgeois axiology, which has been developing for three-quarters of a century, has to be critically analyzed. Central to the question is whether a Marxist axiology is possible. In that connection the following is instructive. Authors who, with envious consistency, ignore the history of philosophy and begin to build a theory of (...)
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  27.  2
    The Intermediate Domain, or the Photographic Novel and the Problem of Value.Jan Baetens - 1989 - Critical Inquiry 15 (2):280-291.
    In recent years, the problem of value has been drastically pushed away towards the periphery of the discipline of literary studies. More and more, this fact has come to be experienced as a source of frustration and misunderstandings.1 In this article, I would like to show the great extent to which a value-oriented approach is in fact inevitable. By the same token, however, I will also indicate the disturbing ambiguities that the consideration of the value-dimension may (...)
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  28.  13
    Two Methods to Find Truth-Value Gaps and Their Application to the Projection Problem of Homogeneity.Manuel Križ & Emmanuel Chemla - 2015 - Natural Language Semantics 23 (3):205-248.
    Presupposition, vagueness, and oddness can lead to some sentences failing to have a clear truth value. The homogeneity property of plural predication with definite descriptions may also create truth-value gaps: The books are written in Dutch is true if all relevant books are in Dutch, false if none of them are, and neither true nor false if, say, half of the books are written in Dutch. We study the projection property of homogeneity by deploying methods of general interest (...)
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  29.  90
    The Categoricity Problem and Truth-Value Gaps.Ian Rumfitt - 1997 - Analysis 57 (4):223–236.
    In his article 'Rejection' (1996), Timothy Smiley had shown how a logical system allowing rules of rejection could provide a categorical axiomatization of the classical propositional calculus. This paper shows how rules of rejection, when placed in a multiple conclusion setting, can also provide categorical axiomatizations of a range of non-classical calculi which permit truth-value gaps, among them the calculus in Smiley's own 'Sense without denotation' (1960).
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  30.  9
    Health, Health Care and the Problem of Intrinsic Value.Peter Duncan - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):318-322.
  31.  90
    Value Pluralism and the Problem of Judgment.Linda M. G. Zerilli - 2012 - Political Theory 40 (1):6-31.
    This essay examines the significantly different approaches of John Rawls and Hannah Arendt to the problem of judgment in democratic theory and practice.
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  32.  8
    Biodefense and Dual-Use Research: The Optimisation Problem and the Value of Security.M. J. Selgelid - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (4):205-206.
    Central to the argument of ‘Biodefense and the Production of Knowledge: Rethinking the Problem’ are claims that the vast majority of ethical debate about biodefense research to date has focused on the dual use problem, and the focus of ethical discussion of dual-use research has been on the need to strike ‘a proper balance of only two dominant values: biosecurity and “open science”’ —the idea being that ‘under current conditions other values can and ought to be ignored because (...)
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  33.  5
    Political Expertise, Interdependent Citizens, and the Value Added Problem in Democratic Politics.Franz Urban Pappi, Robert Huckfeldt & Kenichi Ikeda - 2007 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 1 (2):171-195.
    In this paper we are primarily concerned with political expertise, interest, and agreement as factors that might accelerate the flow of information between citizens. We examine dyadic exchanges of information as a function of two primary sets of factors: the characteristics of the citizens in the dyadic relationship and the characteristics of the larger network within which the dyad is located. Moreover, we compare political communication within dyads across several different national contexts: Germany, Japan, and the United States. We assume (...)
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  34.  3
    A Review of the Problem of Value in Philosophy. Collected Essays. [REVIEW]D. D. Ednii - 1969 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 8 (1):107-114.
    The need for explanation of complex problems in human existence is responsible both for the appearance of new branches of science and for efforts to provide a deeper interpretation of earlier concepts. In the recent past, one encountered ever more frequently, in the scholarly as well as in the popular literature, definitions of the character of various phenomena from the standpoint of their values. As a rule, since the authors do not explain what they mean by value, every book (...)
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  35.  2
    The Problem of Value.J. E. Turner - 1928 - Philosophy 3 (9):41.
    Few current problems have become so confused as that of Value. Its increasing importance in all departments of modern thought has made it the focal point of so many diverse aspects that the result seems a mass of formidable contradictions. But these can never be overcome by attempting to simplify the situation, which must on the contrary be recognized from the outset as presenting an extreme complexity that will inevitably advance pan passu with the advancing complexities of human experience. (...)
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  36. The Problem of Value: Journal of Philosophical Studies.J. E. Turner - 1928 - Philosophy 3 (9):41-48.
    Few current problems have become so confused as that of Value. Its increasing importance in all departments of modern thought has made it the focal point of so many diverse aspects that the result seems a mass of formidable contradictions. But these can never be overcome by attempting to simplify the situation, which must on the contrary be recognized from the outset as presenting an extreme complexity that will inevitably advance pan passu with the advancing complexities of human experience. (...)
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  37.  16
    When Democracy Meets Pluralism: Landemore's Epistemic Argument for Democracy and the Problem of Value Diversity.Stephen G. W. Stich - 2014 - Critical Review 26 (1-2):170-183.
  38.  8
    The Categoricity Problem and Truth-Value Gaps.I. Rumfitt - 1997 - Analysis 57 (4):223-235.
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  39.  67
    Intrinsic Value and the Partiality Problem.Noah Lemos - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (3):697-716.
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  40.  9
    An Expected Value Approach to the Dual-Use Problem.Thomas Douglas - 2013 - In Brian Rappert & Michael Selgelid (eds.), On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics: Principles, Practices, and Prospects. ANU Press.
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  41. The problem of the value of knowledge.Francois-Igor Pris - 2017 - Философия И Культура (Philosophy and Culture) 5:26-35.
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  42.  19
    Comparable Harm and Equal Inherent Value: The Problem of Dog in the Lifeboat.Gary L. Francione - 1995 - Between the Species 11 (3):3.
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  43.  5
    The Preintrinsic Value of Vital Needs and the Problem of Extreme Scarcity.Allen Andrew A. Alvarez - 2009 - Asian Bioethics Review 1 (3):198-217.
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  44.  31
    Aristotle and the Problem of Value[REVIEW]B. D. A. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (3):589-589.
  45.  33
    The Greatest Problem in Value.James Lindsay - 1919 - The Monist 29 (1):64-95.
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  46.  32
    The Value of Information in Newcomb's Problem and the Prisoners' Dilemma.Paul Snow - 1985 - Theory and Decision 18 (2):129-133.
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  47.  7
    The Problem of Comparative Value.J. L. A. Garcia - 1989 - Mind 98 (390):277-283.
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  48.  14
    Karttunen Lauri and Peters Stanley. Conventional Implicature. Syntax and Semantics, Volume 11, Presupposition, Edited by Oh Choon-Kyu and Dinneen David A., Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London, 1979, Pp. 1–56.Gazdar Gerald. A Solution to the Projection Problem. Syntax and Semantics, Volume 11, Presupposition, Edited by Oh Choon-Kyu and Dinneen David A., Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London, 1979, Pp. 57–89.Fodor Janet Dean. In Defense of the Truth Value Gap. Syntax and Semantics, Volume 11, Presupposition, Edited by Oh Choon-Kyu and Dinneen David A., Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London, 1979, Pp. 199–224.Kempson Ruth M.. Presupposition, Opacity, and Ambiguity. Syntax and Semantics, Volume 11, Presupposition, Edited by Oh Choon-Kyu and Dinneen David A., Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London, 1979, Pp. 283–297.Thomason S. K.. Truth-Value Gaps, Many Truth Values, and Possible Worlds. Syntax and Semantics, Volume 11, Presuppositio. [REVIEW]Tyler Burge - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (2):412-415.
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  49.  20
    Aristotle and the Problem of Value.Felix M. Cleve - 1965 - International Philosophical Quarterly 5 (3):503-506.
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  50.  16
    The Value of Risk Reduction: New Tools for an Old Problem.David Crainich, Louis R. Eeckhoudt & James K. Hammitt - 2015 - Theory and Decision 79 (3):403-413.
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